Occupational Employment Statistics

2000 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Reading, PA MSA

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry divisions in the Reading, PA MSA, a metropolitan statistical area in Pennsylvania.

Links to OES estimates for other areas and States

SOC Major Groups in the Reading, PA MSA:

Click on the SOC code number to view that occupation's definition and national estimates.

Management Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
11-0000 Management Occupations 9,730 $24.88 $28.30 $58,870 2.2 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 750 $45.86 $45.15 $93,900 4.0 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 2,840 $27.20 $32.28 $67,150 2.9 %
11-1031 Legislators 140 $6.10 $6.14 $12,780 5.9 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 130 $23.02 $23.59 $49,060 5.8 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 180 $29.00 $30.91 $64,300 4.6 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 350 $29.98 $32.27 $67,120 4.6 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 50 $25.14 $23.84 $49,600 8.9 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 250 $20.85 $23.17 $48,180 4.6 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 160 $31.24 $32.58 $67,760 4.8 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 1,590 $14.60 $20.34 $42,310 6.5 %
11-3040 Human Resources Managers 230 $24.74 $27.17 $56,510 3.7 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 320 $27.01 $29.37 $61,080 2.9 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 180 $25.54 $27.01 $56,180 4.6 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 140 $25.69 $27.17 $56,510 3.8 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 250 $28.77 $30.54 $63,510 4.1 %
11-9032 Education Administrators, Elementary and Secondary School 200 (2) (2) $70,160 9.2 %
11-9033 Education Administrators, Postsecondary (4) $27.06 $30.03 $62,450 6.6 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 230 $35.88 $35.84 $74,550 2.9 %
11-9051 Food Service Managers 380 $14.23 $15.33 $31,880 5.8 %
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 300 $26.25 $27.09 $56,350 4.7 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers (4) $16.19 $19.21 $39,950 4.4 %
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers 70 $17.69 $19.09 $39,700 2.2 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 3,520 $18.07 $20.35 $42,320 4.8 %
13-1021 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products (4) $16.40 $16.84 $35,020 4.4 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 200 $15.32 $16.97 $35,300 3.9 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 260 $19.53 $20.39 $42,410 6.0 %
13-1031 Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators (4) $14.40 $14.94 $31,080 6.1 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 70 $19.57 $21.12 $43,940 9.7 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 360 $19.87 $20.86 $43,390 3.6 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 110 $14.61 $16.25 $33,790 5.9 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 60 $16.61 $16.78 $34,900 5.4 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 100 $17.04 $17.44 $36,260 6.0 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 780 $18.84 $19.94 $41,470 4.0 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 40 $19.71 $21.05 $43,770 9.7 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 60 $26.64 $27.34 $56,860 11.3 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 50 $15.89 $19.33 $40,210 15.3 %
13-2052 Personal Financial Advisors (4) $25.00 $28.69 $59,670 20.4 %
13-2053 Insurance Underwriters 60 $23.32 $26.25 $54,590 3.1 %
13-2072 Loan Officers 150 $16.13 $20.55 $42,740 7.4 %
13-2081 Tax Examiners, Collectors, and Revenue Agents 30 $21.09 $24.02 $49,960 12.3 %
Computer and Mathematical Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations 1,550 $22.61 $23.09 $48,040 3.6 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 570 $23.12 $22.71 $47,240 7.3 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 80 $34.40 $32.15 $66,880 6.3 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 30 $32.73 $32.59 $67,800 6.0 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 240 $15.83 $17.66 $36,730 5.5 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 150 $27.85 $28.18 $58,620 2.4 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 40 $20.41 $20.35 $42,330 4.6 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 210 $21.02 $21.78 $45,290 4.8 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 90 $26.32 $28.09 $58,430 8.9 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts (4) $19.21 $20.47 $42,580 6.5 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 2,440 $21.43 $22.41 $46,620 3.4 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 250 $26.75 $28.21 $58,670 2.7 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 200 $25.94 $25.97 $54,010 3.6 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 80 $30.09 $30.16 $62,740 5.9 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 100 $25.95 $27.55 $57,300 5.9 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 30 $21.25 $21.85 $45,450 3.4 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 160 $26.74 $26.76 $55,670 2.8 %
17-2131 Materials Engineers 40 $26.48 $26.12 $54,320 3.7 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 230 $24.44 $26.78 $55,690 6.0 %
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters 90 $15.85 $16.45 $34,210 5.0 %
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters 110 $18.53 $18.06 $37,560 10.2 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 60 $19.81 $20.05 $41,700 5.1 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 380 $14.66 $16.11 $33,510 4.9 %
17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technicians (4) $12.26 $13.55 $28,180 11.5 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 50 $20.04 $21.48 $44,680 6.5 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians (4) $17.47 $17.38 $36,160 6.3 %
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians (4) $15.89 $15.75 $32,750 11.8 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 830 $18.03 $19.73 $41,030 4.4 %
19-1031 Conservation Scientists (4) $16.68 $18.40 $38,270 10.3 %
19-2031 Chemists 110 $21.01 $22.04 $45,850 6.9 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 40 $20.25 $21.48 $44,680 3.7 %
19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers (4) $26.75 $29.86 $62,110 9.3 %
19-3031 Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists 140 $23.88 $23.72 $49,340 7.8 %
19-4011 Agricultural and Food Science Technicians 50 $14.09 $13.98 $29,080 2.9 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 130 $15.64 $16.53 $34,370 4.8 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health (4) $12.98 $13.76 $28,620 7.2 %
Community and Social Services Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 1,910 $12.81 $14.32 $29,790 3.8 %
21-1011 Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors 70 $14.12 $14.58 $30,330 3.0 %
21-1012 Educational, Vocational, and School Counselors 190 $28.19 $26.32 $54,740 6.1 %
21-1014 Mental Health Counselors (4) $9.66 $10.10 $21,010 5.6 %
21-1021 Child, Family, and School Social Workers 320 $14.00 $14.12 $29,370 3.1 %
21-1022 Medical and Public Health Social Workers 70 $16.20 $16.11 $33,510 6.3 %
21-1023 Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers 110 $16.38 $17.62 $36,650 6.0 %
21-1091 Health Educators 60 $15.84 $15.96 $33,190 7.6 %
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants 410 $9.74 $10.06 $20,930 2.8 %
Legal Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
23-0000 Legal Occupations 630 $23.19 $28.80 $59,910 13.4 %
23-1011 Lawyers 350 $34.37 $37.18 $77,330 15.8 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 160 $18.33 $18.38 $38,230 4.0 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 8,140 $19.94 $20.00 $41,600 4.0 %
25-1042 Biological Science Teachers, Postsecondary (4) (2) (2) $55,410 3.6 %
25-1066 Psychology Teachers, Postsecondary 40 (2) (2) $51,810 5.5 %
25-2011 Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education 220 $8.42 $10.01 $20,820 8.9 %
25-2012 Kindergarten Teachers, Except Special Education 190 (2) (2) $46,930 5.4 %
25-2021 Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education 2,890 (2) (2) $49,390 4.4 %
25-2022 Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Vocational Education 320 (2) (2) $47,860 2.9 %
25-2031 Secondary School Teachers, Except Special and Vocational Education 1,090 (2) (2) $44,720 1.4 %
25-2032 Vocational Education Teachers, Secondary School (4) (2) (2) $47,830 2.8 %
25-2041 Special Education Teachers, Preschool, Kindergarten, and Elementary School 380 (2) (2) $49,310 8.7 %
25-2042 Special Education Teachers, Middle School 60 (2) (2) $43,840 2.7 %
25-2043 Special Education Teachers, Secondary School 170 (2) (2) $44,760 3.1 %
25-3011 Adult Literacy, Remedial Education, and Ged Teachers and Instructors 30 $13.72 $13.42 $27,920 5.2 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 60 $6.79 $8.26 $17,170 19.0 %
25-4021 Librarians 180 $22.43 $21.60 $44,930 4.5 %
25-4031 Library Technicians 40 $9.76 $10.55 $21,940 4.8 %
25-9041 Teacher Assistants 1,140 (2) (2) $17,950 3.7 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 870 $14.39 $15.65 $32,550 4.3 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 60 $22.75 $19.57 $40,700 13.5 %
27-1022 Fashion Designers (4) $12.41 $16.72 $34,780 7.7 %
27-1023 Floral Designers (4) $9.50 $9.07 $18,860 7.7 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 110 $14.57 $16.35 $34,000 7.5 %
27-2022 Coaches and Scouts 50 (2) (2) $20,870 3.6 %
27-2032 Choreographers (4) $9.61 $9.99 $20,770 8.5 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 70 $18.84 $19.25 $40,040 7.4 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 90 $17.22 $17.22 $35,820 3.0 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 30 $16.54 $18.31 $38,080 7.3 %
Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations 7,110 $18.39 $23.76 $49,420 9.9 %
29-1020 Dentists 100 $43.47 $44.23 $92,000 8.6 %
29-1041 Optometrists (4) $31.70 $31.30 $65,090 3.8 %
29-1051 Pharmacists 180 $33.67 $34.00 $70,710 2.1 %
29-1066 Psychiatrists 50 $67.42 $59.47 $123,690 23.6 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 2,110 $19.16 $19.12 $39,770 4.0 %
29-1122 Occupational Therapists 110 $24.01 $25.29 $52,590 7.5 %
29-1123 Physical Therapists 140 $26.62 $27.09 $56,350 12.2 %
29-1127 Speech-Language Pathologists 120 $28.05 $28.42 $59,120 9.7 %
29-1131 Veterinarians 90 $28.80 $29.53 $61,410 2.1 %
29-2012 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 160 $14.99 $15.11 $31,420 3.1 %
29-2021 Dental Hygienists 170 $20.94 $20.57 $42,780 4.7 %
29-2034 Radiologic Technologists and Technicians (4) $15.46 $15.40 $32,020 2.2 %
29-2041 Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics 270 $10.09 $10.07 $20,950 6.4 %
29-2052 Pharmacy Technicians 200 $8.19 $8.64 $17,980 5.9 %
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses 800 $16.65 $16.97 $35,310 1.7 %
29-2071 Medical Records and Health Information Technicians 90 $11.73 $12.34 $25,670 7.3 %
29-2081 Opticians, Dispensing (4) $10.05 $10.67 $22,190 8.7 %
29-9010 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists and Technicians 30 $24.98 $24.59 $51,140 6.4 %
Healthcare Support Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 3,030 $9.95 $10.24 $21,290 2.8 %
31-1012 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 1,750 $9.40 $9.60 $19,960 1.8 %
31-2011 Occupational Therapist Assistants (4) $14.74 $15.66 $32,570 9.0 %
31-9011 Massage Therapists 70 $6.02 $6.41 $13,330 10.1 %
31-9091 Dental Assistants 170 $11.44 $11.24 $23,390 7.8 %
31-9092 Medical Assistants 220 $11.48 $10.88 $22,640 4.1 %
31-9094 Medical Transcriptionists (4) $12.01 $11.88 $24,710 3.1 %
31-9095 Pharmacy Aides 40 $6.24 $7.22 $15,020 6.5 %
Protective Service Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 2,330 $13.00 $14.58 $30,330 7.4 %
33-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Police and Detectives 100 $24.26 $24.32 $50,580 5.9 %
33-3041 Parking Enforcement Workers (4) $9.11 $8.98 $18,680 9.1 %
33-3051 Police and Sheriff's Patrol Officers 810 $20.15 $19.36 $40,270 4.8 %
33-9032 Security Guards 840 $8.48 $9.10 $18,930 3.4 %
33-9091 Crossing Guards 40 $8.26 $8.06 $16,770 9.9 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 11,530 $6.67 $7.27 $15,110 1.7 %
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 70 $12.98 $14.17 $29,470 12.7 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 430 $10.60 $10.99 $22,850 5.2 %
35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food 310 $6.14 $6.09 $12,670 4.1 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 520 $9.89 $10.12 $21,050 3.3 %
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant 620 $9.10 $9.10 $18,930 3.6 %
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order (4) $7.81 $7.85 $16,330 2.3 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 990 $7.76 $8.29 $17,240 2.9 %
35-3011 Bartenders 840 $7.00 $7.05 $14,670 3.3 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 1,660 $6.32 $6.48 $13,480 4.1 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 1,320 $6.11 $6.12 $12,720 3.2 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses 2,490 $6.38 $6.49 $13,500 2.6 %
35-3041 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant 250 $6.80 $7.26 $15,100 9.4 %
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 430 $6.55 $6.77 $14,090 2.2 %
35-9021 Dishwashers 580 $6.18 $6.22 $12,940 2.8 %
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop 310 $6.60 $6.92 $14,390 2.7 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 4,310 $8.48 $9.45 $19,650 2.1 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 160 $13.98 $14.51 $30,180 5.8 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 90 $14.69 $14.51 $30,180 4.5 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 2,450 $8.10 $8.66 $18,020 1.6 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 630 $7.95 $8.11 $16,870 4.0 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 760 $9.38 $10.47 $21,770 7.7 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 2,630 $7.79 $8.37 $17,410 2.9 %
39-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service Workers 100 $13.83 $14.65 $30,470 7.9 %
39-2021 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers 60 $7.72 $7.90 $16,420 4.9 %
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 170 $6.99 $7.22 $15,020 4.0 %
39-5012 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 660 $6.88 $8.05 $16,750 6.0 %
39-6021 Tour Guides and Escorts (4) $6.02 $6.13 $12,760 7.3 %
39-9011 Child Care Workers 810 $8.00 $7.90 $16,440 6.2 %
39-9021 Personal and Home Care Aides (4) $7.99 $8.12 $16,900 3.0 %
39-9031 Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors 210 $9.26 $9.57 $19,900 3.2 %
39-9032 Recreation Workers 180 $8.03 $8.87 $18,440 6.8 %
Sales and Related Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 17,240 $8.36 $11.80 $24,530 3.1 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 1,700 $13.41 $14.73 $30,650 2.7 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 190 $20.62 $23.66 $49,210 4.1 %
41-2011 Cashiers 4,460 $6.65 $6.91 $14,380 1.5 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 520 $6.55 $7.64 $15,890 3.5 %
41-2022 Parts Salespersons 350 $11.30 $11.53 $23,990 7.2 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 6,120 $7.57 $8.79 $18,280 3.5 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents 30 $15.94 $19.00 $39,520 9.8 %
41-3021 Insurance Sales Agents 70 $23.04 $20.78 $43,230 4.1 %
41-3031 Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents 610 $13.49 $24.66 $51,300 12.8 %
41-3041 Travel Agents (4) $11.61 $11.38 $23,670 4.5 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 300 $23.75 $26.35 $54,820 6.0 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 1,710 $20.01 $22.50 $46,810 2.7 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters 40 $11.02 $10.87 $22,610 6.3 %
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents 60 $8.37 $11.14 $23,170 17.1 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers 60 $25.82 $25.91 $53,900 5.4 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 170 $9.41 $10.64 $22,140 6.6 %
41-9091 Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers (4) $38.30 $35.26 $73,350 11.2 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 27,960 $10.62 $11.56 $24,050 1.9 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 2,130 $15.59 $16.52 $34,370 2.5 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 320 $9.50 $9.45 $19,650 2.2 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 220 $11.38 $12.10 $25,160 3.0 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 550 $12.00 $12.71 $26,440 2.8 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 1,780 $11.14 $11.59 $24,100 1.7 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 270 $11.85 $12.15 $25,270 2.4 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 80 $11.55 $12.20 $25,380 6.0 %
43-3071 Tellers 1,460 $9.31 $9.48 $19,710 1.6 %
43-4021 Correspondence Clerks 30 $12.19 $12.08 $25,130 5.7 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 60 $9.74 $11.02 $22,930 9.9 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 1,240 $10.64 $12.19 $25,360 2.7 %
43-4071 File Clerks 220 $7.94 $8.30 $17,260 3.4 %
43-4081 Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks 90 $7.61 $7.59 $15,800 3.2 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan 200 $11.38 $11.22 $23,340 3.8 %
43-4121 Library Assistants, Clerical (4) $8.40 $9.65 $20,080 4.5 %
43-4131 Loan Interviewers and Clerks 90 $12.02 $12.07 $25,100 3.6 %
43-4141 New Accounts Clerks 430 $12.05 $11.84 $24,620 3.3 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 330 $10.64 $11.62 $24,180 3.8 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 180 $12.61 $13.01 $27,060 2.6 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 910 $9.23 $9.29 $19,320 1.8 %
43-5011 Cargo and Freight Agents (4) $10.57 $10.31 $21,450 5.9 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 150 $8.31 $8.37 $17,410 7.3 %
43-5031 Police, Fire, and Ambulance Dispatchers (4) $11.23 $11.34 $23,600 3.7 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 150 $15.23 $15.60 $32,450 5.3 %
43-5041 Meter Readers, Utilities 120 $19.70 $19.82 $41,230 3.3 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 370 $14.69 $15.51 $32,250 3.7 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 1,170 $11.22 $11.50 $23,920 2.2 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 3,160 $7.78 $9.11 $18,940 8.2 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 50 $12.03 $12.05 $25,070 7.1 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 1,470 $12.85 $13.44 $27,950 1.8 %
43-6012 Legal Secretaries 340 $14.05 $13.82 $28,750 2.9 %
43-6013 Medical Secretaries 270 $12.19 $12.28 $25,540 3.2 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 2,860 $10.40 $10.69 $22,230 2.3 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 300 $10.68 $11.33 $23,560 2.8 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 480 $9.06 $9.20 $19,130 3.3 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 220 $11.96 $11.92 $24,790 5.3 %
43-9041 Insurance Claims and Policy Processing Clerks 120 $16.38 $17.75 $36,920 5.4 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 380 $8.92 $8.93 $18,560 2.7 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 3,220 $9.67 $10.05 $20,910 1.3 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer (4) $8.39 $9.86 $20,500 4.0 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants (4) $11.84 $12.03 $25,030 4.6 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 110 $8.80 $10.48 $21,790 8.3 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 30 $7.53 $7.22 $15,020 7.1 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 7,070 $16.11 $16.74 $34,820 2.3 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 490 $19.84 $20.90 $43,470 2.9 %
47-2021 Brickmasons and Blockmasons 260 $23.71 $22.84 $47,500 7.1 %
47-2031 Carpenters 830 $13.21 $13.56 $28,210 5.1 %
47-2041 Carpet Installers 30 $14.41 $15.35 $31,930 5.0 %
47-2044 Tile and Marble Setters 30 $17.66 $16.44 $34,190 3.9 %
47-2051 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers 140 $15.35 $16.13 $33,550 4.1 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 670 $14.95 $14.64 $30,460 3.5 %
47-2071 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 30 $14.97 $14.50 $30,160 4.0 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 200 $16.78 $16.28 $33,860 3.9 %
47-2111 Electricians 960 $21.18 $20.79 $43,250 5.5 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 340 $12.67 $12.95 $26,930 6.0 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 770 $16.96 $17.49 $36,380 5.8 %
47-2181 Roofers 110 $17.16 $17.89 $37,210 9.0 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 230 $17.65 $18.55 $38,580 6.8 %
47-2221 Structural Iron and Steel Workers (4) $16.99 $19.20 $39,930 12.6 %
47-3011 Helpers—Brickmasons, Blockmasons, Stonemasons, and Tile and Marble Setters 180 $17.18 $15.10 $31,410 12.1 %
47-3012 Helpers—Carpenters (4) $11.66 $12.56 $26,130 13.4 %
47-3013 Helpers—Electricians 50 $10.92 $10.98 $22,840 14.4 %
47-3015 Helpers—Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 60 $8.43 $10.35 $21,530 13.7 %
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors 50 $15.43 $15.45 $32,140 6.0 %
47-4051 Highway Maintenance Workers 150 $16.21 $16.12 $33,530 3.7 %
47-5021 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas 30 $16.50 $17.22 $35,810 5.9 %
47-5081 Helpers—Extraction Workers 50 $13.43 $12.59 $26,180 4.5 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 6,920 $14.98 $15.42 $32,080 2.0 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 400 $21.24 $22.70 $47,210 2.7 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 190 $14.22 $16.15 $33,590 5.7 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 90 $23.82 $22.93 $47,690 4.1 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 80 $14.75 $15.42 $32,070 6.4 %
49-2098 Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers (4) $10.16 $11.83 $24,610 18.8 %
49-3011 Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians 40 $11.92 $12.17 $25,310 2.4 %
49-3021 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 120 $15.69 $15.88 $33,030 3.5 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 840 $13.05 $13.55 $28,180 4.0 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 440 $15.31 $15.43 $32,100 4.3 %
49-3041 Farm Equipment Mechanics (4) $13.32 $13.37 $27,800 4.9 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 70 $16.03 $16.43 $34,170 2.2 %
49-3093 Tire Repairers and Changers 90 $8.17 $8.86 $18,430 21.3 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 320 $15.44 $16.21 $33,710 2.3 %
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers 40 $13.69 $15.13 $31,480 25.5 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 300 $16.44 $16.28 $33,860 3.3 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 2,130 $14.44 $13.89 $28,900 2.3 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery (4) $14.61 $14.59 $30,360 2.9 %
49-9044 Millwrights 170 $19.30 $19.37 $40,280 4.9 %
49-9045 Refractory Materials Repairers, Except Brickmasons (4) $16.46 $18.03 $37,500 3.7 %
49-9051 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers (4) $24.42 $24.53 $51,020 5.2 %
49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers (4) $17.87 $17.38 $36,160 3.3 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers (4) $14.03 $12.98 $26,990 5.5 %
49-9098 Helpers—Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 330 $8.74 $9.44 $19,630 8.1 %
Production Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
51-0000 Production Occupations 26,420 $12.17 $12.64 $26,290 1.4 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 1,460 $19.53 $19.87 $41,340 1.5 %
51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 330 $14.03 $13.26 $27,580 7.4 %
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters 90 $14.30 $14.34 $29,840 3.3 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 3,390 $8.65 $9.42 $19,600 2.2 %
51-3011 Bakers (4) $11.88 $11.78 $24,500 5.7 %
51-3021 Butchers and Meat Cutters 140 $14.90 $14.38 $29,910 7.6 %
51-3022 Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers 30 $8.90 $8.75 $18,200 3.5 %
51-3091 Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders (4) $11.96 $12.35 $25,690 4.1 %
51-3092 Food Batchmakers (4) $9.88 $10.36 $21,540 9.4 %
51-4011 Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic 160 $12.87 $13.54 $28,170 8.1 %
51-4021 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 100 $13.56 $14.20 $29,540 4.0 %
51-4023 Rolling Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 50 $15.95 $16.16 $33,600 5.6 %
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 730 $14.25 $13.41 $27,890 3.3 %
51-4032 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 100 $17.50 $17.00 $35,350 4.7 %
51-4033 Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 620 $10.97 $12.26 $25,500 5.1 %
51-4034 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 140 $13.21 $14.40 $29,960 10.2 %
51-4041 Machinists 550 $14.16 $14.23 $29,600 4.2 %
51-4051 Metal-Refining Furnace Operators and Tenders (4) $12.58 $13.38 $27,830 3.8 %
51-4052 Pourers and Casters, Metal 100 $13.82 $13.72 $28,540 3.6 %
51-4062 Patternmakers, Metal and Plastic (4) $14.38 $14.23 $29,600 5.1 %
51-4071 Foundry Mold and Coremakers 190 $11.46 $11.26 $23,410 2.1 %
51-4072 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (4) $12.96 $13.38 $27,820 3.4 %
51-4081 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 210 $13.85 $13.60 $28,290 4.0 %
51-4111 Tool and Die Makers 150 $18.09 $18.66 $38,810 3.2 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 1,010 $13.56 $14.39 $29,940 3.1 %
51-4122 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 280 $12.68 $12.72 $26,460 3.2 %
51-4191 Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 70 $12.45 $12.89 $26,820 6.2 %
51-4193 Plating and Coating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 40 $11.23 $10.93 $22,730 8.3 %
51-5011 Bindery Workers 70 $10.09 $10.89 $22,640 3.5 %
51-5021 Job Printers (4) $15.19 $14.59 $30,340 5.4 %
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers 210 $15.86 $16.49 $34,300 8.7 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 320 $13.68 $14.50 $30,160 6.5 %
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 80 $8.22 $8.91 $18,530 5.8 %
51-6021 Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 150 $9.54 $9.56 $19,890 3.4 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators 1,410 $8.35 $8.61 $17,920 3.1 %
51-6061 Textile Bleaching and Dyeing Machine Operators and Tenders 80 $10.91 $10.41 $21,650 7.7 %
51-6062 Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 90 $8.39 $8.62 $17,940 2.5 %
51-6063 Textile Knitting and Weaving Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 130 $14.76 $13.96 $29,030 3.6 %
51-6064 Textile Winding, Twisting, and Drawing Out Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 290 $11.87 $12.13 $25,220 3.8 %
51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 350 $12.42 $12.84 $26,710 11.7 %
51-7032 Patternmakers, Wood 60 $14.63 $14.01 $29,140 3.3 %
51-7041 Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood (4) $11.84 $11.79 $24,510 2.5 %
51-7042 Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing 80 $13.37 $14.02 $29,170 5.4 %
51-8013 Power Plant Operators (4) $20.96 $20.68 $43,010 7.0 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators (4) $19.20 $18.80 $39,100 4.1 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators (4) $16.44 $16.52 $34,370 4.1 %
51-8091 Chemical Plant and System Operators 30 $23.66 $22.48 $46,760 6.1 %
51-9011 Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders 120 $15.92 $15.97 $33,220 3.8 %
51-9021 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 260 $13.85 $13.56 $28,210 3.2 %
51-9022 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 100 $10.57 $10.82 $22,510 4.2 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 260 $11.79 $11.84 $24,640 3.1 %
51-9031 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 60 $11.63 $11.43 $23,770 3.6 %
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 50 $11.64 $12.12 $25,210 2.9 %
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 230 $13.71 $13.89 $28,890 4.8 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 1,040 $12.58 $12.76 $26,540 1.7 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 1,780 $12.46 $12.10 $25,170 4.1 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 390 $12.79 $12.81 $26,650 3.1 %
51-9122 Painters, Transportation Equipment (4) $12.46 $12.29 $25,560 4.5 %
51-9132 Photographic Processing Machine Operators 80 $7.95 $8.16 $16,970 2.6 %
51-9192 Cleaning, Washing, and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 60 $13.58 $14.73 $30,630 6.1 %
51-9194 Etchers and Engravers 30 $13.51 $13.68 $28,460 3.2 %
51-9195 Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic 30 $11.23 $10.80 $22,460 6.4 %
51-9198 Helpers—Production Workers 1,080 $10.72 $10.47 $21,770 4.5 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 15,670 $10.80 $11.73 $24,410 2.0 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 260 $15.39 $16.22 $33,730 7.6 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 220 $18.20 $19.02 $39,560 5.9 %
53-3021 Bus Drivers, Transit and Intercity (4) $12.21 $12.18 $25,330 4.8 %
53-3022 Bus Drivers, School (4) $11.37 $10.82 $22,500 5.7 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 300 $11.01 $12.15 $25,260 9.7 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 2,880 $14.21 $14.87 $30,930 3.4 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light Or Delivery Services 1,420 $10.71 $11.80 $24,550 8.7 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 40 $7.42 $8.64 $17,980 14.8 %
53-6031 Service Station Attendants 70 $6.66 $7.00 $14,570 4.7 %
53-7011 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 80 $10.48 $11.22 $23,350 8.7 %
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators (4) $17.34 $17.56 $36,530 8.0 %
53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators 60 $17.22 $18.49 $38,460 2.9 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 1,180 $11.39 $11.56 $24,050 2.3 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 280 $8.69 $8.79 $18,290 3.4 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 3,720 $8.95 $9.25 $19,250 1.9 %
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 260 $12.56 $12.93 $26,900 2.2 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 1,610 $9.11 $9.45 $19,660 2.6 %
53-7081 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 90 $13.57 $13.91 $28,940 3.8 %

About 2000 National, State, and Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(2) = Hourly wage rates for occupations where workers typically work fewer than 2,080 hours per year are not available.

(4) = Estimates not released due to high relative standard error.

The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.



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State estimates for Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania's metropolitan area estimates:

2000 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

2000 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

2000 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

2000 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Technical notes

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Last Modified Date: November 15, 2001

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