Occupational Employment Statistics

2000 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

SIC 20 - Food and Kindred Products

These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in SIC Major Group 20 - Food and Kindred Products.

SIC Major Group 20 - Food and Kindred Products consists of:


Links to other industry-specific estimates and cross-industry estimates

SOC Major Groups in in SIC 20 - Food and Kindred Products:

SIC 20 - Food and Kindred Products

Click on the SOC code number to view that occupation's definition and national cross-industry estimates.

Industry Total top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
00-0000 Industry Total 1,692,710 100.00% $11.09 $13.55 $28,180 0.7 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
11-0000 Management Occupations 82,690 4.89% $32.76 $35.60 $74,060 0.9 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 4,980 0.29% $68.41 $57.23 $119,040 1.9 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 19,040 1.12% $36.52 $38.64 $80,370 1.1 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 780 0.05% $29.71 $32.31 $67,200 2.3 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 5,170 0.31% $37.45 $38.41 $79,890 1.9 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 6,800 0.40% $31.70 $34.51 $71,770 1.6 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 630 0.04% $35.23 $35.60 $74,040 3.2 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 2,230 0.13% $25.34 $27.81 $57,850 2.3 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 2,570 0.15% $36.68 $37.50 $77,990 2.3 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 6,810 0.40% $34.82 $36.38 $75,670 1.4 %
11-3040 Human Resources Managers 3,980 0.24% $29.24 $31.33 $65,160 1.5 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 14,810 0.87% $27.04 $29.15 $60,640 1.2 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 2,360 0.14% $27.34 $29.45 $61,250 1.4 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 3,820 0.23% $26.24 $28.10 $58,450 1.4 %
11-9011 Farm, Ranch, and Other Agricultural Managers 200 0.01% $34.64 $33.66 $70,010 4.7 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 2,670 0.16% $36.57 $37.37 $77,730 2.6 %
11-9051 Food Service Managers 70 0.00% $16.83 $22.72 $47,260 19.0 %
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers 960 0.06% $39.15 $40.20 $83,620 2.4 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 30 0.00% $42.57 $41.50 $86,330 9.5 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 25,450 1.50% $20.68 $22.47 $46,740 1.3 %
13-1021 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 1,630 0.10% $19.92 $21.81 $45,360 1.8 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 570 0.03% $14.88 $17.57 $36,550 6.0 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 3,610 0.21% $19.60 $20.73 $43,110 1.5 %
13-1031 Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators (4) (4) $22.95 $22.73 $47,280 3.4 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 220 0.01% $15.31 $18.27 $37,990 13.6 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 520 0.03% $20.93 $22.29 $46,370 3.0 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 880 0.05% $17.95 $19.32 $40,190 1.6 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 950 0.06% $20.82 $22.29 $46,360 1.9 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 1,560 0.09% $16.36 $18.57 $38,620 3.4 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 610 0.04% $30.67 $30.40 $63,230 3.1 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 40 0.00% $20.05 $20.06 $41,730 3.6 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 7,770 0.46% $21.03 $22.65 $47,120 1.4 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 120 0.01% $22.95 $24.77 $51,520 4.6 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 180 0.01% $18.27 $19.42 $40,400 3.5 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 480 0.03% $25.87 $27.67 $57,550 2.8 %
Computer and Mathematical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations 10,720 0.63% $25.79 $26.70 $55,530 1.6 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 1,720 0.10% $24.27 $25.26 $52,530 3.4 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 510 0.03% $28.32 $29.55 $61,470 4.1 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 230 0.01% $33.27 $33.09 $68,820 4.1 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 2,000 0.12% $19.64 $20.77 $43,200 4.5 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 4,010 0.24% $30.14 $30.47 $63,370 1.8 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 430 0.03% $24.27 $25.25 $52,530 2.4 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 990 0.06% $22.86 $23.50 $48,880 1.3 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 270 0.02% $26.71 $27.42 $57,040 3.6 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 140 0.01% $27.84 $29.37 $61,080 2.4 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 12,240 0.72% $26.13 $26.61 $55,340 1.5 %
17-2021 Agricultural Engineers 310 0.02% $26.48 $27.64 $57,490 3.1 %
17-2041 Chemical Engineers 590 0.03% $30.43 $30.14 $62,690 1.7 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 30 0.00% $30.59 $31.23 $64,960 4.1 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 90 0.01% $29.76 $28.82 $59,950 7.4 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 40 0.00% $29.58 $28.60 $59,500 6.7 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 680 0.04% $23.66 $23.98 $49,890 1.6 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 4,890 0.29% $29.17 $29.01 $60,340 1.7 %
17-2131 Materials Engineers 50 0.00% $27.00 $27.00 $56,170 7.9 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 1,800 0.11% $26.70 $27.55 $57,310 3.4 %
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters (4) (4) $15.75 $15.47 $32,180 6.4 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 150 0.01% $18.87 $18.68 $38,850 3.8 %
17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians 30 0.00% $15.80 $16.09 $33,460 3.5 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 160 0.01% $18.80 $19.07 $39,660 5.7 %
17-3024 Electro-Mechanical Technicians 30 0.00% $17.69 $17.82 $37,070 4.2 %
17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technicians 40 0.00% $17.09 $17.39 $36,170 8.9 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 1,150 0.07% $19.61 $20.07 $41,750 2.0 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 830 0.05% $19.21 $20.63 $42,910 6.2 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 15,830 0.94% $16.83 $19.43 $40,410 1.8 %
19-1010 Agricultural and Food Scientists 2,280 0.13% $28.95 $29.66 $61,700 3.4 %
19-1021 Biochemists and Biophysicists 190 0.01% $26.61 $26.58 $55,290 6.3 %
19-1022 Microbiologists 130 0.01% $18.23 $20.26 $42,130 5.1 %
19-2031 Chemists 2,860 0.17% $20.28 $22.05 $45,860 1.8 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 40 0.00% $24.60 $24.32 $50,600 6.6 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 560 0.03% $24.58 $26.60 $55,320 3.1 %
19-4011 Agricultural and Food Science Technicians 5,410 0.32% $14.21 $15.55 $32,350 1.4 %
19-4021 Biological Technicians 1,020 0.06% $13.19 $14.14 $29,400 1.5 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 2,100 0.12% $14.33 $15.12 $31,450 1.9 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health 140 0.01% $17.85 $17.97 $37,370 5.0 %
Community and Social Services Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 30 0.00% $10.52 $11.03 $22,930 4.3 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
23-0000 Legal Occupations 520 0.03% $47.74 $44.73 $93,030 5.9 %
23-1011 Lawyers 370 0.02% $58.91 $53.85 $112,010 6.8 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 140 0.01% $22.92 $22.81 $47,440 2.8 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 180 0.01% $13.16 $15.25 $31,710 6.8 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 2,160 0.13% $15.00 $17.02 $35,400 3.5 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 70 0.00% $24.87 $24.74 $51,470 6.3 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 150 0.01% $20.66 $21.27 $44,240 3.4 %
27-1026 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 1,180 0.07% $12.32 $12.87 $26,780 3.4 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 320 0.02% $21.02 $22.89 $47,610 4.7 %
27-3042 Technical Writers (4) (4) $21.25 $21.31 $44,330 3.9 %
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators 30 0.00% $19.53 $19.94 $41,470 21.6 %
Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations 1,000 0.06% $16.03 $17.08 $35,530 2.5 %
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists 40 0.00% $27.03 $28.13 $58,510 9.8 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 350 0.02% $18.56 $18.78 $39,060 1.8 %
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses 170 0.01% $12.21 $12.24 $25,460 2.4 %
29-9010 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists and Technicians 350 0.02% $15.01 $16.24 $33,780 6.0 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 3,200 0.19% $9.96 $11.75 $24,440 1.8 %
33-9032 Security Guards 2,680 0.16% $9.67 $10.87 $22,620 1.9 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 18,790 1.11% $7.51 $8.57 $17,830 1.6 %
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 150 0.01% $15.50 $17.61 $36,640 4.5 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 1,680 0.10% $15.54 $16.29 $33,880 2.0 %
35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food 110 0.01% $7.06 $8.58 $17,850 8.1 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 110 0.01% $6.82 $8.11 $16,870 7.6 %
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant 110 0.01% $8.53 $8.83 $18,370 3.5 %
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order 250 0.01% $6.32 $6.57 $13,670 7.3 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 7,760 0.46% $7.35 $7.79 $16,200 2.0 %
35-3011 Bartenders 90 0.01% $7.65 $8.15 $16,950 6.0 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 4,870 0.29% $7.23 $7.40 $15,400 2.0 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 1,060 0.06% $7.15 $7.44 $15,480 2.6 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses 1,100 0.06% $6.74 $8.21 $17,080 4.7 %
35-3041 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant 110 0.01% $9.41 $9.54 $19,850 2.7 %
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 60 0.00% $7.72 $7.97 $16,580 3.1 %
35-9021 Dishwashers 280 0.02% $6.54 $6.84 $14,230 4.4 %
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop 30 0.00% $6.63 $7.65 $15,920 6.5 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 31,840 1.88% $9.67 $10.63 $22,110 1.0 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 1,900 0.11% $15.77 $16.66 $34,650 2.7 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 40 0.00% $30.49 $28.13 $58,510 8.4 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 27,320 1.61% $9.42 $10.11 $21,030 1.1 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 100 0.01% $9.02 $8.97 $18,650 4.0 %
37-2021 Pest Control Workers 30 0.00% $16.24 $15.84 $32,950 4.1 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 520 0.03% $9.35 $9.94 $20,670 1.7 %
37-3012 Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation 400 0.02% $12.82 $13.53 $28,140 2.5 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 290 0.02% $9.60 $10.46 $21,750 5.9 %
39-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service Workers 60 0.00% $13.58 $14.25 $29,640 10.2 %
39-6021 Tour Guides and Escorts 130 0.01% $9.73 $9.96 $20,730 2.9 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 52,870 3.12% $15.69 $18.02 $37,480 1.3 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 2,230 0.13% $17.66 $19.69 $40,950 2.6 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 4,510 0.27% $23.20 $25.99 $54,050 1.8 %
41-2011 Cashiers 6,230 0.37% $7.56 $8.22 $17,090 1.6 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks (4) (4) $6.45 $7.33 $15,250 6.9 %
41-2022 Parts Salespersons 50 0.00% $7.62 $8.25 $17,170 5.7 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 9,560 0.56% $8.35 $9.60 $19,970 2.9 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents (4) (4) $12.11 $17.26 $35,910 11.8 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 1,270 0.08% $20.93 $23.24 $48,350 4.7 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 24,870 1.47% $20.10 $22.31 $46,400 1.1 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters 1,040 0.06% $9.70 $11.70 $24,340 5.2 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers 50 0.00% $33.79 $35.37 $73,570 3.0 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 110 0.01% $10.73 $11.14 $23,160 4.0 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 133,960 7.91% $12.22 $13.02 $27,080 0.5 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 7,610 0.45% $18.73 $19.49 $40,540 0.8 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 1,200 0.07% $10.72 $11.02 $22,920 0.8 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 210 0.01% $14.19 $14.87 $30,940 3.5 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 4,680 0.28% $11.35 $11.84 $24,630 0.7 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 15,280 0.90% $12.21 $12.72 $26,470 0.6 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 3,350 0.20% $13.14 $13.80 $28,710 1.4 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 1,260 0.07% $12.81 $13.36 $27,780 1.2 %
43-4021 Correspondence Clerks 320 0.02% $12.79 $13.55 $28,190 2.4 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 150 0.01% $14.52 $14.04 $29,200 4.3 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 8,200 0.48% $12.95 $13.63 $28,340 1.3 %
43-4071 File Clerks 580 0.03% $9.58 $10.01 $20,820 2.1 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 4,340 0.26% $11.48 $11.91 $24,780 1.2 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 3,400 0.20% $12.77 $13.17 $27,400 0.7 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 2,310 0.14% $10.24 $10.47 $21,780 0.7 %
43-5011 Cargo and Freight Agents 100 0.01% $11.50 $13.77 $28,640 6.1 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 50 0.00% $8.26 $8.58 $17,860 3.2 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 350 0.02% $13.99 $15.12 $31,440 2.9 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 7,080 0.42% $14.56 $15.63 $32,500 1.4 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 20,620 1.22% $11.64 $12.12 $25,210 0.9 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 12,400 0.73% $10.96 $11.65 $24,220 1.3 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 4,980 0.29% $10.44 $11.02 $22,930 1.4 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 8,090 0.48% $15.41 $16.04 $33,360 1.1 %
43-6012 Legal Secretaries 50 0.00% $14.87 $15.04 $31,290 4.8 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 7,400 0.44% $12.42 $12.86 $26,760 2.1 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 1,110 0.07% $13.70 $14.46 $30,070 1.9 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 1,650 0.10% $10.59 $10.77 $22,390 1.6 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 290 0.02% $10.85 $11.32 $23,540 4.3 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 130 0.01% $10.79 $11.04 $22,970 4.1 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 13,650 0.81% $10.37 $10.83 $22,520 0.7 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 160 0.01% $11.49 $11.49 $23,900 2.8 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants 80 0.00% $14.78 $14.52 $30,200 5.4 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 29,440 1.74% $8.88 $9.82 $20,420 1.2 %
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers 1,840 0.11% $17.01 $18.19 $37,820 2.9 %
45-1012 Farm Labor Contractors (4) (4) $9.00 $9.01 $18,750 2.8 %
45-2011 Agricultural Inspectors 1,120 0.07% $11.81 $12.60 $26,210 2.5 %
45-2021 Animal Breeders 220 0.01% $9.60 $9.65 $20,070 4.5 %
45-2041 Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products 9,900 0.58% $8.59 $8.85 $18,400 1.5 %
45-2091 Agricultural Equipment Operators 2,310 0.14% $8.87 $9.86 $20,510 3.4 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 2,820 0.17% $8.77 $9.56 $19,880 4.1 %
45-2093 Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals 8,440 0.50% $8.54 $9.10 $18,930 1.8 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 6,840 0.40% $16.94 $17.34 $36,060 1.5 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 160 0.01% $20.02 $20.79 $43,240 4.8 %
47-2011 Boilermakers 30 0.00% $15.95 $16.60 $34,530 7.5 %
47-2031 Carpenters 90 0.01% $13.06 $14.10 $29,320 4.8 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers (4) (4) $9.42 $9.05 $18,820 4.0 %
47-2111 Electricians 3,940 0.23% $18.24 $18.77 $39,050 1.3 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 820 0.05% $13.30 $14.03 $29,190 2.8 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 840 0.05% $18.49 $18.41 $38,280 3.2 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 280 0.02% $14.43 $14.78 $30,740 6.4 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 102,110 6.03% $15.62 $16.17 $33,640 0.5 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 7,480 0.44% $22.54 $23.08 $48,020 0.6 %
49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers 1,570 0.09% $15.79 $15.99 $33,260 2.0 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 1,520 0.09% $17.74 $17.85 $37,130 1.6 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 1,240 0.07% $15.17 $15.71 $32,680 1.9 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 5,440 0.32% $16.87 $16.86 $35,070 1.1 %
49-3041 Farm Equipment Mechanics 780 0.05% $14.24 $14.42 $29,990 2.0 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 80 0.00% $15.74 $15.97 $33,230 3.6 %
49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door 40 0.00% $19.60 $19.43 $40,420 7.0 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 2,430 0.14% $15.34 $15.99 $33,260 1.8 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 24,890 1.47% $16.10 $16.53 $34,370 0.9 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 39,340 2.32% $14.89 $15.24 $31,710 0.7 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 8,630 0.51% $14.06 $14.38 $29,910 1.7 %
49-9044 Millwrights 1,000 0.06% $18.40 $18.56 $38,600 2.3 %
49-9045 Refractory Materials Repairers, Except Brickmasons (4) (4) $15.92 $15.95 $33,170 2.9 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers 4,060 0.24% $14.46 $14.29 $29,730 1.4 %
49-9098 Helpers—Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 2,020 0.12% $12.63 $12.94 $26,920 1.8 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
51-0000 Production Occupations 831,700 49.13% $9.95 $11.07 $23,030 0.5 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 52,380 3.09% $18.21 $19.05 $39,620 0.5 %
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters 40 0.00% $11.76 $14.89 $30,960 11.5 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 18,040 1.07% $10.31 $11.16 $23,220 2.3 %
51-3011 Bakers 35,580 2.10% $10.75 $11.12 $23,130 1.3 %
51-3021 Butchers and Meat Cutters 11,030 0.65% $8.66 $9.02 $18,750 1.7 %
51-3022 Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers 117,730 6.96% $7.99 $8.27 $17,210 0.9 %
51-3023 Slaughterers and Meat Packers 115,140 6.80% $9.34 $9.31 $19,360 1.0 %
51-3091 Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders 15,780 0.93% $11.49 $12.33 $25,660 2.9 %
51-3092 Food Batchmakers 58,570 3.46% $10.46 $10.96 $22,800 1.1 %
51-3093 Food Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders 30,550 1.80% $10.47 $10.88 $22,630 1.5 %
51-4011 Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic (4) (4) $16.13 $16.60 $34,530 5.0 %
51-4021 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (4) (4) $8.02 $9.01 $18,740 13.9 %
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 50 0.00% $11.22 $10.98 $22,840 4.6 %
51-4033 Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 190 0.01% $12.00 $11.77 $24,490 4.5 %
51-4035 Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 390 0.02% $9.85 $9.88 $20,540 8.0 %
51-4041 Machinists 2,810 0.17% $15.87 $16.69 $34,710 3.6 %
51-4072 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 100 0.01% $11.40 $11.23 $23,360 4.1 %
51-4081 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 30 0.00% $8.45 $11.75 $24,450 13.5 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 280 0.02% $14.77 $14.75 $30,690 3.8 %
51-4191 Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (4) (4) $12.32 $11.79 $24,530 9.7 %
51-4194 Tool Grinders, Filers, and Sharpeners 160 0.01% $9.49 $10.43 $21,700 5.6 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators (4) (4) $12.53 $13.64 $28,380 8.8 %
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 90 0.01% $8.78 $8.98 $18,680 4.4 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators 40 0.00% $9.20 $10.57 $21,980 9.5 %
51-8013 Power Plant Operators 30 0.00% $21.80 $21.48 $44,680 5.9 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 4,230 0.25% $16.94 $17.69 $36,800 1.7 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 730 0.04% $11.91 $13.26 $27,580 2.6 %
51-8091 Chemical Plant and System Operators 150 0.01% $15.83 $16.39 $34,090 7.5 %
51-9011 Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders 2,350 0.14% $15.64 $16.12 $33,530 2.8 %
51-9012 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 15,380 0.91% $12.31 $12.98 $26,990 1.9 %
51-9021 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 5,630 0.33% $11.10 $11.74 $24,410 2.2 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 24,460 1.45% $12.55 $12.62 $26,250 2.0 %
51-9031 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 1,620 0.10% $9.43 $9.68 $20,130 3.0 %
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 9,990 0.59% $9.60 $10.32 $21,470 2.0 %
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 6,010 0.36% $11.88 $12.36 $25,700 2.1 %
51-9051 Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders 1,040 0.06% $12.09 $12.75 $26,510 3.0 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 24,460 1.45% $10.92 $11.82 $24,590 1.8 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 124,490 7.35% $10.51 $11.39 $23,700 1.1 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 90 0.01% $11.06 $11.93 $24,820 4.1 %
51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers 230 0.01% $9.14 $9.68 $20,130 9.1 %
51-9191 Cementing and Gluing Machine Operators and Tenders 70 0.00% $10.09 $9.68 $20,140 3.2 %
51-9192 Cleaning, Washing, and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 8,210 0.49% $9.50 $10.15 $21,120 1.7 %
51-9193 Cooling and Freezing Equipment Operators and Tenders 6,250 0.37% $9.51 $10.35 $21,530 1.9 %
51-9195 Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic 380 0.02% $11.07 $11.13 $23,150 5.0 %
51-9196 Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 270 0.02% $11.88 $11.58 $24,080 4.4 %
51-9198 Helpers—Production Workers 49,700 2.94% $9.63 $10.20 $21,220 1.3 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 330,830 19.54% $10.70 $11.81 $24,570 0.6 %
53-1011 Aircraft Cargo Handling Supervisors 110 0.01% $14.99 $16.77 $34,890 5.8 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 4,580 0.27% $17.67 $18.18 $37,810 0.9 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 5,120 0.30% $20.17 $20.63 $42,900 0.7 %
53-2011 Airline Pilots, Copilots, and Flight Engineers 30 0.00% (2) (2) $76,520 12.6 %
53-2012 Commercial Pilots 70 0.00% (2) (2) $60,610 12.4 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 24,420 1.44% $16.04 $16.68 $34,690 1.6 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 38,270 2.26% $14.62 $15.11 $31,440 0.8 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light Or Delivery Services 19,980 1.18% $11.77 $12.36 $25,700 1.2 %
53-4013 Rail Yard Engineers, Dinkey Operators, and Hostlers (4) (4) $19.80 $20.02 $41,640 5.5 %
53-5011 Sailors and Marine Oilers (4) (4) $7.79 $9.24 $19,220 21.7 %
53-5021 Captains, Mates, and Pilots of Water Vessels (4) (4) $52.74 $51.31 $106,730 6.2 %
53-5031 Ship Engineers (4) (4) $17.04 $20.45 $42,540 15.8 %
53-6031 Service Station Attendants (4) (4) $14.00 $12.64 $26,290 13.2 %
53-6051 Transportation Inspectors 100 0.01% $10.66 $11.68 $24,290 8.4 %
53-7011 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 5,940 0.35% $12.21 $12.46 $25,920 3.7 %
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators 130 0.01% $12.32 $14.12 $29,370 6.6 %
53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators 110 0.01% $9.36 $10.12 $21,050 9.6 %
53-7041 Hoist and Winch Operators 80 0.00% $10.69 $11.02 $22,910 4.7 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 44,330 2.62% $12.31 $12.72 $26,470 0.8 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 14,480 0.86% $9.82 $10.46 $21,760 1.3 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 57,210 3.38% $9.64 $10.53 $21,890 1.3 %
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 15,670 0.93% $9.31 $10.14 $21,080 2.3 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 94,140 5.56% $8.55 $9.09 $18,900 0.9 %
53-7072 Pump Operators, Except Wellhead Pumpers 530 0.03% $11.84 $12.49 $25,980 2.7 %
53-7081 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 180 0.01% $10.44 $10.30 $21,430 5.5 %
53-7121 Tank Car, Truck, and Ship Loaders 1,530 0.09% $12.49 $13.01 $27,070 2.3 %

About 2000 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(2) = Hourly wage rates for occupations where workers typically work fewer than 2,080 hours per year are not available.

(4) = Estimates not released due to high relative standard error.

The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.



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Industry-Specific occupational employment and wage estimates for other SIC Major Groups:

2000 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Other OES estimates and related information:

2000 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

2000 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

2000 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

Technical notes

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Last Modified Date: November 15, 2001

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