Occupational Employment Statistics

2000 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

SIC 27 - Printing, Publishing, and Allied Industries

These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in SIC Major Group 27 - Printing, Publishing, and Allied Industries.

SIC Major Group 27 - Printing, Publishing, and Allied Industries consists of:


Links to other industry-specific estimates and cross-industry estimates

SOC Major Groups in in SIC 27 - Printing, Publishing, and Allied Industries:

SIC 27 - Printing, Publishing, and Allied Industries

Click on the SOC code number to view that occupation's definition and national cross-industry estimates.

Industry Total top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
00-0000 Industry Total 1,538,060 100.00% $13.93 $17.01 $35,390 0.5 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
11-0000 Management Occupations 110,880 7.21% $32.37 $36.10 $75,100 0.8 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 7,670 0.50% $61.90 $52.42 $109,040 2.6 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 33,830 2.20% $36.27 $39.43 $82,010 1.2 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 6,480 0.42% $25.92 $29.29 $60,910 2.6 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 5,520 0.36% $32.76 $34.76 $72,290 1.4 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 10,800 0.70% $31.83 $35.03 $72,850 1.5 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 900 0.06% $29.16 $30.34 $63,120 2.5 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 3,010 0.20% $25.73 $28.35 $58,970 2.1 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 4,850 0.32% $34.45 $36.08 $75,050 1.5 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 6,760 0.44% $34.76 $36.98 $76,910 3.1 %
11-3040 Human Resources Managers 3,810 0.25% $29.23 $31.48 $65,470 2.0 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 10,790 0.70% $26.87 $29.16 $60,650 1.0 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 1,500 0.10% $26.20 $27.35 $56,890 1.3 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 2,280 0.15% $24.40 $25.40 $52,820 1.6 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 530 0.03% $38.12 $38.71 $80,510 2.8 %
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers 30 0.00% $47.27 $48.12 $100,080 10.3 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 37,240 2.42% $20.83 $22.86 $47,540 1.0 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 180 0.01% $16.37 $20.10 $41,800 8.6 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 3,410 0.22% $19.04 $19.90 $41,390 1.1 %
13-1031 Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 60 0.00% $18.82 $19.45 $40,460 2.1 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 120 0.01% $21.73 $22.61 $47,030 4.6 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 8,090 0.53% $19.30 $20.41 $42,450 1.4 %
13-1061 Emergency Management Specialists 30 0.00% $28.95 $24.77 $51,530 4.5 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 1,070 0.07% $20.53 $23.37 $48,610 5.6 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 470 0.03% $21.30 $22.78 $47,390 1.9 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 1,640 0.11% $23.22 $24.52 $51,000 2.3 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 1,020 0.07% $25.94 $27.22 $56,620 2.4 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 290 0.02% $19.31 $20.18 $41,980 3.1 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 10,420 0.68% $20.70 $22.32 $46,420 1.4 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 110 0.01% $22.95 $25.76 $53,580 4.4 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 410 0.03% $17.08 $19.23 $40,000 3.5 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 1,600 0.10% $26.28 $27.81 $57,850 3.6 %
Computer and Mathematical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations 33,970 2.21% $23.82 $24.99 $51,970 1.1 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 7,500 0.49% $24.07 $25.11 $52,230 1.2 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 2,900 0.19% $31.93 $32.18 $66,930 2.7 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 1,120 0.07% $31.84 $32.43 $67,460 2.1 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 5,510 0.36% $18.23 $19.20 $39,940 1.1 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 4,910 0.32% $27.13 $27.31 $56,810 1.0 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 2,480 0.16% $22.97 $24.44 $50,840 2.3 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 5,060 0.33% $22.84 $24.00 $49,920 1.0 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 1,860 0.12% $23.56 $25.27 $52,570 3.7 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 90 0.01% $20.22 $24.24 $50,420 5.8 %
15-2041 Statisticians 60 0.00% $18.15 $22.33 $46,440 14.1 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 3,940 0.26% $22.39 $22.98 $47,790 1.8 %
17-1021 Cartographers and Photogrammetrists 360 0.02% $14.05 $15.54 $32,330 4.2 %
17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers 90 0.01% $28.82 $29.20 $60,730 2.8 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 130 0.01% $29.34 $29.88 $62,150 3.6 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer (4) (4) $25.89 $26.40 $54,910 3.1 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 150 0.01% $25.96 $25.34 $52,700 3.5 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 720 0.05% $27.47 $27.92 $58,080 1.9 %
17-2131 Materials Engineers 100 0.01% $25.08 $25.99 $54,060 4.6 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 290 0.02% $26.59 $26.57 $55,270 2.3 %
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters (4) (4) $14.28 $15.44 $32,120 7.9 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 30 0.00% $19.04 $21.01 $43,690 7.1 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 410 0.03% $19.60 $19.63 $40,840 2.7 %
17-3024 Electro-Mechanical Technicians 110 0.01% $19.66 $21.11 $43,920 10.4 %
17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technicians (4) (4) $21.68 $20.57 $42,790 7.3 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 330 0.02% $18.06 $18.68 $38,860 3.1 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 30 0.00% $23.26 $22.69 $47,190 4.7 %
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 180 0.01% $12.58 $12.97 $26,990 4.2 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 3,600 0.23% $22.70 $24.36 $50,670 2.8 %
19-3011 Economists 60 0.00% $24.66 $26.54 $55,200 6.1 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 3,360 0.22% $22.95 $24.55 $51,060 2.9 %
19-3022 Survey Researchers 60 0.00% $13.09 $15.47 $32,180 5.4 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
23-0000 Legal Occupations 850 0.06% $27.35 $34.88 $72,540 10.3 %
23-1011 Lawyers 580 0.04% $33.31 $39.47 $82,090 14.3 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 80 0.01% $20.93 $20.94 $43,560 7.3 %
23-2092 Law Clerks (4) (4) $11.70 $11.48 $23,870 3.8 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 1,760 0.11% $15.47 $16.83 $35,000 2.4 %
25-1194 Vocational Education Teachers, Postsecondary 40 0.00% $30.46 $28.16 $58,560 8.7 %
25-4021 Librarians 1,020 0.07% $16.03 $17.28 $35,930 2.2 %
25-4031 Library Technicians 80 0.01% $14.71 $16.05 $33,390 6.5 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 240 0.02% $12.99 $15.72 $32,700 11.5 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 184,620 12.00% $16.02 $18.44 $38,360 1.2 %
27-1011 Art Directors 2,390 0.16% $23.80 $26.08 $54,250 3.6 %
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators 2,580 0.17% $17.89 $22.92 $47,670 7.0 %
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators 1,510 0.10% $17.25 $19.01 $39,540 2.3 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 830 0.05% $17.11 $18.81 $39,110 3.3 %
27-1023 Floral Designers (4) (4) $10.47 $10.65 $22,140 7.4 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 35,790 2.33% $14.86 $15.83 $32,930 1.0 %
27-1026 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers (4) (4) $20.32 $24.29 $50,530 12.7 %
27-1027 Set and Exhibit Designers 30 0.00% $18.24 $18.09 $37,620 3.3 %
27-2012 Producers and Directors 760 0.05% (2) (2) $62,190 3.2 %
27-3010 Announcers 260 0.02% $14.70 $25.61 $53,260 16.3 %
27-3020 News Analysts, Reporters and Correspondents 42,560 2.77% $13.11 $16.12 $33,520 2.6 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 2,650 0.17% $19.27 $20.84 $43,350 3.1 %
27-3041 Editors 64,360 4.18% $18.55 $21.11 $43,910 1.5 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 2,650 0.17% $18.03 $19.69 $40,960 4.1 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 11,410 0.74% $16.63 $18.98 $39,480 2.4 %
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators 800 0.05% $13.00 $13.76 $28,630 3.5 %
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians 580 0.04% $19.09 $19.64 $40,860 3.9 %
27-4012 Broadcast Technicians (4) (4) $7.74 $12.16 $25,280 6.2 %
27-4014 Sound Engineering Technicians (4) (4) $14.66 $16.76 $34,860 11.6 %
27-4021 Photographers 7,840 0.51% $14.14 $15.98 $33,230 1.6 %
27-4031 Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Picture 160 0.01% $13.59 $14.55 $30,270 4.8 %
27-4032 Film and Video Editors 130 0.01% $13.78 $14.08 $29,300 9.1 %
Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations 310 0.02% $24.46 $26.27 $54,650 5.7 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 90 0.01% $23.16 $22.38 $46,550 4.9 %
29-9010 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists and Technicians 80 0.01% $27.09 $26.54 $55,200 3.0 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 1,690 0.11% $11.68 $12.89 $26,800 2.1 %
33-9032 Security Guards 1,530 0.10% $11.21 $11.97 $24,900 2.1 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 390 0.03% $10.68 $11.93 $24,820 5.7 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 40 0.00% $15.55 $17.27 $35,930 7.0 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 60 0.00% $10.67 $11.45 $23,820 6.5 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 50 0.00% $8.02 $8.93 $18,570 11.1 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 140 0.01% $10.88 $11.19 $23,280 8.0 %
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 30 0.00% $8.60 $8.74 $18,170 3.8 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 10,500 0.68% $9.69 $10.41 $21,660 0.9 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 210 0.01% $18.44 $20.32 $42,280 6.4 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 9,410 0.61% $9.47 $9.97 $20,740 0.9 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 50 0.00% $8.98 $8.58 $17,840 5.0 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 100 0.01% $10.96 $12.20 $25,380 4.8 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 160 0.01% $11.41 $13.37 $27,810 10.5 %
39-6021 Tour Guides and Escorts (4) (4) $30.04 $24.01 $49,940 21.3 %
39-9032 Recreation Workers 80 0.01% $11.73 $12.06 $25,080 4.9 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 154,820 10.07% $16.17 $19.78 $41,150 0.9 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 4,100 0.27% $19.16 $22.13 $46,020 2.7 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 9,730 0.63% $23.85 $27.17 $56,510 2.4 %
41-2011 Cashiers 870 0.06% $8.12 $8.89 $18,480 2.2 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 750 0.05% $8.96 $9.45 $19,660 6.3 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 2,830 0.18% $10.35 $13.45 $27,980 5.3 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents 52,630 3.42% $14.94 $18.24 $37,930 1.4 %
41-3021 Insurance Sales Agents 40 0.00% $19.21 $28.19 $58,630 20.3 %
41-3031 Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents (4) (4) $17.79 $15.57 $32,390 18.4 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 1,090 0.07% $25.05 $25.92 $53,920 6.0 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 43,380 2.82% $21.83 $25.62 $53,290 1.0 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters 260 0.02% $10.43 $13.13 $27,310 19.0 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers 180 0.01% $22.29 $23.04 $47,920 5.6 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 20,160 1.31% $9.68 $10.61 $22,080 1.3 %
41-9091 Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers 4,910 0.32% $7.86 $10.91 $22,690 8.1 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 332,400 21.61% $12.28 $13.64 $28,370 0.9 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 19,100 1.24% $18.70 $20.33 $42,280 1.1 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 3,690 0.24% $10.38 $10.75 $22,360 1.2 %
43-2021 Telephone Operators 50 0.00% $19.21 $18.18 $37,810 6.5 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 5,470 0.36% $12.82 $13.45 $27,970 1.1 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 8,310 0.54% $11.85 $12.46 $25,920 1.0 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 24,700 1.61% $12.68 $13.31 $27,680 0.6 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 2,640 0.17% $13.86 $14.48 $30,120 1.1 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 350 0.02% $12.75 $13.20 $27,450 2.1 %
43-4021 Correspondence Clerks 410 0.03% $11.12 $11.17 $23,230 3.4 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 1,010 0.07% $13.17 $13.74 $28,570 1.4 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 49,610 3.23% $13.21 $14.36 $29,860 0.8 %
43-4071 File Clerks 2,470 0.16% $9.96 $10.97 $22,810 3.2 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan 120 0.01% $8.46 $9.00 $18,720 7.2 %
43-4121 Library Assistants, Clerical 150 0.01% $10.12 $10.75 $22,360 4.5 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 14,210 0.92% $11.22 $11.91 $24,770 1.4 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 2,310 0.15% $14.08 $14.64 $30,450 0.9 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 11,820 0.77% $10.03 $10.39 $21,610 0.8 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 4,800 0.31% $8.94 $9.35 $19,440 1.4 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 830 0.05% $13.64 $14.58 $30,320 2.9 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 13,560 0.88% $15.48 $16.49 $34,290 1.0 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 21,310 1.39% $11.11 $11.61 $24,150 0.6 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 8,310 0.54% $10.46 $11.20 $23,300 2.4 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 430 0.03% $10.13 $10.67 $22,200 4.4 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 16,300 1.06% $15.34 $15.94 $33,150 0.9 %
43-6012 Legal Secretaries 40 0.00% $19.10 $18.05 $37,540 8.3 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 11,410 0.74% $12.71 $13.12 $27,290 1.6 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 5,830 0.38% $12.90 $13.85 $28,800 2.9 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 7,740 0.50% $10.55 $10.78 $22,420 1.4 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 4,300 0.28% $9.49 $10.27 $21,370 2.0 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 25,380 1.65% $14.26 $15.49 $32,220 2.1 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 14,200 0.92% $10.46 $11.38 $23,670 3.0 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 30,350 1.97% $10.16 $11.93 $24,810 6.8 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 1,880 0.12% $10.76 $11.63 $24,190 3.5 %
43-9081 Proofreaders and Copy Markers 9,410 0.61% $10.72 $11.52 $23,950 1.4 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants 230 0.01% $10.20 $10.98 $22,850 6.0 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 1,790 0.12% $19.19 $18.55 $38,590 5.3 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 70 0.00% $30.32 $30.47 $63,370 4.6 %
47-2031 Carpenters 80 0.01% $17.11 $16.27 $33,830 4.6 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 190 0.01% $20.56 $19.07 $39,660 11.4 %
47-2111 Electricians 920 0.06% $21.65 $21.73 $45,200 2.3 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 160 0.01% $12.90 $14.42 $29,990 22.3 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 50 0.00% $18.28 $17.76 $36,930 7.1 %
47-5081 Helpers—Extraction Workers 260 0.02% $7.94 $7.83 $16,280 3.4 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 20,030 1.30% $17.10 $17.84 $37,110 1.1 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 1,620 0.11% $24.96 $25.31 $52,650 1.0 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 350 0.02% $16.01 $17.24 $35,850 3.9 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 470 0.03% $24.83 $23.89 $49,690 5.1 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 1,010 0.07% $18.67 $18.77 $39,040 1.6 %
49-2098 Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers (4) (4) $37.15 $35.92 $74,720 4.3 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 30 0.00% $19.29 $20.69 $43,030 10.5 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 180 0.01% $17.65 $17.36 $36,120 4.0 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 140 0.01% $21.03 $20.71 $43,080 5.0 %
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers 470 0.03% $14.24 $16.20 $33,700 4.8 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 1,850 0.12% $16.69 $17.34 $36,070 2.9 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 11,000 0.72% $16.49 $16.90 $35,140 0.9 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 810 0.05% $14.39 $14.91 $31,000 3.4 %
49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers (4) (4) $28.51 $27.28 $56,740 4.6 %
49-9061 Camera and Photographic Equipment Repairers (4) (4) $12.27 $11.68 $24,290 3.6 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers 60 0.00% $12.74 $13.19 $27,430 7.5 %
49-9098 Helpers—Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 920 0.06% $12.31 $13.13 $27,310 2.4 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
51-0000 Production Occupations 501,180 32.59% $13.15 $14.41 $29,980 0.5 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 38,550 2.51% $21.01 $22.24 $46,260 0.7 %
51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 460 0.03% $13.96 $14.00 $29,120 6.2 %
51-2023 Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers 320 0.02% $11.73 $11.63 $24,190 3.8 %
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters (4) (4) $14.46 $15.52 $32,270 12.6 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 1,830 0.12% $9.14 $10.41 $21,660 5.7 %
51-4011 Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic 40 0.00% $15.81 $18.28 $38,030 20.6 %
51-4012 Numerical Tool and Process Control Programmers 40 0.00% $15.37 $16.47 $34,250 7.0 %
51-4023 Rolling Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 110 0.01% $11.61 $11.65 $24,230 3.8 %
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 970 0.06% $11.90 $12.65 $26,300 3.4 %
51-4032 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (4) (4) $14.94 $13.94 $29,000 9.5 %
51-4033 Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (4) (4) $15.60 $16.10 $33,500 6.0 %
51-4034 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 90 0.01% $13.10 $13.62 $28,330 7.3 %
51-4041 Machinists 890 0.06% $18.88 $18.76 $39,020 2.9 %
51-4061 Model Makers, Metal and Plastic 60 0.00% $17.13 $18.81 $39,120 14.2 %
51-4081 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (4) (4) $9.31 $10.69 $22,230 16.5 %
51-4111 Tool and Die Makers 360 0.02% $16.01 $16.36 $34,030 4.3 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers (4) (4) $8.93 $9.48 $19,720 4.4 %
51-4191 Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 170 0.01% $11.15 $11.51 $23,940 6.9 %
51-4192 Lay-Out Workers, Metal and Plastic 30 0.00% $10.94 $11.73 $24,400 5.0 %
51-4193 Plating and Coating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 1,370 0.09% $11.67 $12.06 $25,080 5.9 %
51-5011 Bindery Workers 80,160 5.21% $10.54 $11.70 $24,330 0.9 %
51-5012 Bookbinders 8,560 0.56% $11.27 $12.53 $26,060 2.7 %
51-5021 Job Printers 40,080 2.61% $14.30 $15.00 $31,190 1.1 %
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers 84,840 5.52% $14.82 $15.53 $32,300 1.4 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 127,060 8.26% $14.94 $15.51 $32,260 0.6 %
51-6021 Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials (4) (4) $14.04 $14.24 $29,610 5.1 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators 830 0.05% $7.81 $8.11 $16,860 2.8 %
51-6052 Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers 50 0.00% $10.72 $10.82 $22,510 8.3 %
51-6062 Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 80 0.01% $8.71 $9.66 $20,090 13.8 %
51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters (4) (4) $10.14 $10.36 $21,550 3.7 %
51-7041 Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood (4) (4) $10.30 $9.99 $20,770 7.6 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 80 0.01% $13.53 $14.47 $30,100 9.4 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 210 0.01% $12.80 $13.06 $27,170 3.4 %
51-9031 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 1,280 0.08% $10.53 $11.29 $23,490 2.7 %
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 12,860 0.84% $12.32 $12.88 $26,800 1.3 %
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 490 0.03% $11.69 $11.97 $24,900 4.9 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 9,870 0.64% $10.54 $11.46 $23,830 1.5 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 5,320 0.35% $9.76 $10.59 $22,020 3.1 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 70 0.00% $13.06 $13.02 $27,070 4.5 %
51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers 270 0.02% $11.23 $12.29 $25,560 5.8 %
51-9131 Photographic Process Workers 3,000 0.20% $13.97 $15.35 $31,930 2.9 %
51-9132 Photographic Processing Machine Operators 2,970 0.19% $11.86 $13.60 $28,300 3.3 %
51-9191 Cementing and Gluing Machine Operators and Tenders 3,280 0.21% $10.04 $10.83 $22,520 3.4 %
51-9194 Etchers and Engravers 1,700 0.11% $13.29 $15.15 $31,500 5.8 %
51-9195 Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic 110 0.01% $12.53 $12.09 $25,160 5.8 %
51-9196 Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 11,520 0.75% $11.88 $12.55 $26,110 1.7 %
51-9198 Helpers—Production Workers 30,060 1.95% $9.50 $9.80 $20,380 1.0 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 137,930 8.97% $9.64 $10.68 $22,210 0.9 %
53-1011 Aircraft Cargo Handling Supervisors 150 0.01% $22.00 $19.84 $41,280 13.2 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 3,210 0.21% $16.62 $17.63 $36,670 1.7 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 3,070 0.20% $18.41 $19.22 $39,970 1.8 %
53-2012 Commercial Pilots (4) (4) (2) (2) $86,770 7.7 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 11,690 0.76% $9.21 $10.18 $21,180 3.8 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 1,430 0.09% $13.27 $14.26 $29,670 2.4 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light Or Delivery Services 21,200 1.38% $9.98 $10.75 $22,370 1.7 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 30 0.00% $13.96 $15.97 $33,230 5.1 %
53-7011 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 2,480 0.16% $11.24 $12.10 $25,170 7.6 %
53-7033 Loading Machine Operators, Underground Mining (4) (4) $9.62 $9.51 $19,780 3.7 %
53-7041 Hoist and Winch Operators 490 0.03% $12.20 $12.91 $26,850 4.6 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 8,760 0.57% $12.08 $12.58 $26,180 1.2 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 60 0.00% $9.65 $9.84 $20,480 4.2 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 30,160 1.96% $9.15 $9.94 $20,670 1.7 %
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 31,500 2.05% $9.47 $10.45 $21,740 2.2 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 21,860 1.42% $8.33 $8.79 $18,280 1.1 %
53-7081 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 40 0.00% $12.86 $13.41 $27,900 6.4 %

About 2000 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(2) = Hourly wage rates for occupations where workers typically work fewer than 2,080 hours per year are not available.

(4) = Estimates not released due to high relative standard error.

The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.



top

Industry-Specific occupational employment and wage estimates for other SIC Major Groups:

2000 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Other OES estimates and related information:

2000 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

2000 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

2000 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

Technical notes

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Last Modified Date: November 15, 2001

Recommend this page using: