Occupational Employment Statistics

2000 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

SIC 73 - Business Services

These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in SIC Major Group 73 - Business Services.

SIC Major Group 73 - Business Services consists of:


Links to other industry-specific estimates and cross-industry estimates

SOC Major Groups in in SIC 73 - Business Services:

SIC 73 - Business Services

Click on the SOC code number to view that occupation's definition and national cross-industry estimates.

Industry Total top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
00-0000 Industry Total 10,122,670 100.00% $10.67 $15.59 $32,430 0.8 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
11-0000 Management Occupations 543,920 5.37% $35.55 $37.92 $78,870 0.7 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 36,990 0.37% $61.03 $52.76 $109,740 1.4 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 161,910 1.60% $34.05 $38.15 $79,360 1.3 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 34,970 0.35% $37.62 $38.35 $79,770 1.7 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 36,610 0.36% $34.00 $37.40 $77,790 2.0 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 4,840 0.05% $27.55 $30.15 $62,710 3.1 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 30,230 0.30% $22.07 $25.37 $52,760 4.2 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 79,270 0.78% $41.78 $42.01 $87,370 1.1 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 36,480 0.36% $33.93 $35.87 $74,620 1.1 %
11-3040 Human Resources Managers 23,770 0.23% $28.62 $31.39 $65,290 2.5 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 2,760 0.03% $32.98 $36.01 $74,910 8.4 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 5,610 0.06% $26.64 $30.39 $63,210 5.6 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 2,600 0.03% $20.56 $23.09 $48,040 2.5 %
11-9011 Farm, Ranch, and Other Agricultural Managers (4) (4) $49.75 $44.55 $92,670 14.3 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 820 0.01% $28.87 $29.62 $61,610 3.2 %
11-9033 Education Administrators, Postsecondary (4) (4) $25.11 $29.84 $62,070 24.0 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 20,490 0.20% $47.36 $47.13 $98,040 2.7 %
11-9051 Food Service Managers 210 0.00% $28.75 $28.31 $58,890 9.2 %
11-9071 Gaming Managers (4) (4) $48.11 $42.58 $88,570 14.9 %
11-9081 Lodging Managers 130 0.00% $19.37 $26.54 $55,190 13.2 %
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 5,900 0.06% $28.45 $31.13 $64,750 4.6 %
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers (4) (4) $39.42 $39.18 $81,500 4.0 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 1,070 0.01% $26.64 $27.87 $57,960 6.7 %
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers 80 0.00% $19.22 $19.74 $41,060 5.1 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 341,770 3.38% $21.10 $23.85 $49,600 1.2 %
13-1021 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 310 0.00% $30.88 $34.90 $72,600 7.5 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 2,150 0.02% $19.69 $21.59 $44,910 3.5 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 12,380 0.12% $19.16 $20.74 $43,140 1.9 %
13-1031 Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 7,230 0.07% $16.46 $19.06 $39,640 5.3 %
13-1032 Insurance Appraisers, Auto Damage 30 0.00% $20.22 $19.74 $41,060 3.9 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 2,240 0.02% $21.16 $22.28 $46,350 3.0 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 3,890 0.04% $21.31 $24.09 $50,100 3.9 %
13-1061 Emergency Management Specialists 270 0.00% $16.38 $20.54 $42,720 7.7 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 74,280 0.73% $17.33 $22.11 $46,000 2.5 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 7,410 0.07% $20.80 $23.04 $47,920 3.4 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 23,960 0.24% $20.31 $21.99 $45,740 1.9 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 47,790 0.47% $27.56 $30.02 $62,440 3.3 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 1,980 0.02% $19.86 $21.19 $44,080 3.0 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 46,900 0.46% $20.84 $22.78 $47,390 1.4 %
13-2021 Appraisers and Assessors of Real Estate (4) (4) $24.31 $24.10 $50,130 3.4 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 3,380 0.03% $22.79 $24.37 $50,690 1.8 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 6,960 0.07% $19.27 $21.58 $44,880 8.5 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 14,310 0.14% $24.93 $26.01 $54,090 1.4 %
13-2052 Personal Financial Advisors 1,050 0.01% $19.82 $24.10 $50,120 8.2 %
13-2053 Insurance Underwriters 630 0.01% $19.36 $21.28 $44,260 8.2 %
13-2061 Financial Examiners 450 0.00% $23.46 $25.02 $52,030 5.0 %
13-2072 Loan Officers 1,770 0.02% $20.77 $23.46 $48,800 5.3 %
13-2082 Tax Preparers 170 0.00% $14.84 $14.82 $30,820 3.7 %
Computer and Mathematical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations 1,204,380 11.90% $28.11 $29.48 $61,330 0.9 %
15-1011 Computer and Information Scientists, Research 9,570 0.09% $34.46 $36.52 $75,950 2.1 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 250,350 2.47% $29.17 $30.86 $64,190 1.3 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 220,010 2.17% $33.41 $34.86 $72,510 1.2 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 121,980 1.21% $33.69 $34.25 $71,240 1.1 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 212,070 2.10% $16.99 $18.75 $39,000 2.0 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 169,400 1.67% $30.46 $31.54 $65,600 1.3 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 34,440 0.34% $29.11 $30.14 $62,700 1.7 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 74,120 0.73% $26.01 $27.33 $56,840 0.9 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 39,270 0.39% $28.16 $29.62 $61,600 1.5 %
15-2011 Actuaries 170 0.00% $32.24 $34.42 $71,600 6.5 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 12,830 0.13% $30.73 $33.14 $68,930 5.5 %
15-2041 Statisticians 510 0.01% $14.54 $17.80 $37,030 4.5 %
15-2091 Mathematical Technicians (4) (4) $14.06 $14.55 $30,270 3.2 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 156,960 1.55% $26.07 $27.69 $57,590 2.5 %
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval 520 0.01% $27.18 $29.83 $62,050 3.3 %
17-1021 Cartographers and Photogrammetrists 610 0.01% $18.93 $20.17 $41,940 3.1 %
17-1022 Surveyors 1,070 0.01% $17.27 $18.91 $39,330 6.2 %
17-2011 Aerospace Engineers 2,340 0.02% $45.83 $43.17 $89,800 3.3 %
17-2031 Biomedical Engineers 180 0.00% $29.39 $28.11 $58,480 5.6 %
17-2041 Chemical Engineers 100 0.00% $28.70 $30.36 $63,160 5.0 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 2,160 0.02% $31.66 $33.13 $68,920 6.7 %
17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers 17,440 0.17% $33.16 $33.89 $70,500 1.6 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 9,280 0.09% $35.17 $34.61 $71,990 3.3 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 3,460 0.03% $27.47 $30.14 $62,700 3.0 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 470 0.00% $36.82 $38.83 $80,770 9.4 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors (4) (4) $26.41 $26.73 $55,590 3.9 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 16,330 0.16% $27.82 $28.42 $59,120 2.4 %
17-2121 Marine Engineers and Naval Architects (4) (4) $30.90 $30.11 $62,630 2.7 %
17-2131 Materials Engineers (4) (4) $18.17 $17.62 $36,640 24.4 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 16,060 0.16% $37.90 $35.78 $74,430 5.8 %
17-2161 Nuclear Engineers 140 0.00% $38.76 $38.88 $80,880 5.7 %
17-2171 Petroleum Engineers 30 0.00% $27.18 $33.24 $69,150 11.9 %
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters 4,730 0.05% $18.59 $19.31 $40,160 2.1 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 3,750 0.04% $19.15 $20.75 $43,160 2.6 %
17-3021 Aerospace Engineering and Operations Technicians 1,110 0.01% $19.74 $19.81 $41,200 3.7 %
17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians (4) (4) $11.81 $12.16 $25,300 4.8 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 22,080 0.22% $18.09 $18.49 $38,460 3.7 %
17-3024 Electro-Mechanical Technicians 2,470 0.02% $11.61 $14.35 $29,840 6.1 %
17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technicians 110 0.00% $12.86 $14.16 $29,450 5.6 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 7,120 0.07% $33.65 $31.88 $66,310 2.4 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 3,260 0.03% $19.66 $19.96 $41,530 2.4 %
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 2,220 0.02% $14.26 $16.34 $33,980 6.2 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 69,030 0.68% $16.21 $19.41 $40,380 4.3 %
19-1021 Biochemists and Biophysicists 320 0.00% $32.45 $35.57 $73,990 8.8 %
19-1022 Microbiologists (4) (4) $19.76 $21.47 $44,650 8.0 %
19-1032 Foresters (4) (4) $29.00 $29.82 $62,020 2.5 %
19-1042 Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists (4) (4) $31.67 $34.31 $71,370 9.2 %
19-2012 Physicists (4) (4) $34.65 $38.21 $79,470 14.8 %
19-2021 Atmospheric and Space Scientists 450 0.00% $28.40 $27.34 $56,860 9.7 %
19-2031 Chemists 1,260 0.01% $17.41 $20.68 $43,020 4.8 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 80 0.00% $18.84 $18.94 $39,390 3.8 %
19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers 340 0.00% $20.08 $23.30 $48,460 6.4 %
19-3011 Economists 270 0.00% $27.39 $28.41 $59,090 7.2 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 14,580 0.14% $27.18 $29.69 $61,750 4.0 %
19-3022 Survey Researchers (4) (4) $22.88 $22.41 $46,610 7.2 %
19-3031 Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists 660 0.01% $23.48 $23.15 $48,150 2.6 %
19-3051 Urban and Regional Planners 40 0.00% $24.83 $25.03 $52,050 14.3 %
19-4011 Agricultural and Food Science Technicians 440 0.00% $12.78 $13.44 $27,960 3.6 %
19-4021 Biological Technicians 580 0.01% $15.64 $16.80 $34,940 3.3 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians (4) (4) $17.86 $18.31 $38,090 4.0 %
19-4041 Geological and Petroleum Technicians 400 0.00% $19.44 $20.56 $42,760 2.3 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health (4) (4) $15.52 $15.65 $32,550 7.7 %
Community and Social Services Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 2,200 0.02% $12.74 $14.47 $30,090 5.5 %
21-1011 Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors 120 0.00% $15.24 $14.91 $31,010 3.3 %
21-1012 Educational, Vocational, and School Counselors 150 0.00% $12.39 $14.84 $30,870 19.4 %
21-1014 Mental Health Counselors 100 0.00% $18.11 $16.39 $34,090 17.2 %
21-1021 Child, Family, and School Social Workers 150 0.00% $11.70 $13.33 $27,730 3.6 %
21-1022 Medical and Public Health Social Workers 150 0.00% $19.96 $20.86 $43,390 6.2 %
21-1091 Health Educators 60 0.00% $19.79 $20.50 $42,630 5.4 %
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants 620 0.01% $9.06 $10.46 $21,750 6.1 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
23-0000 Legal Occupations 17,120 0.17% $21.91 $27.42 $57,030 4.4 %
23-1011 Lawyers 3,800 0.04% $48.43 $47.43 $98,640 3.1 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 5,580 0.06% $20.11 $20.68 $43,010 2.3 %
23-2091 Court Reporters 3,840 0.04% $17.45 $20.57 $42,780 5.7 %
23-2092 Law Clerks 320 0.00% $14.36 $15.31 $31,840 6.6 %
23-2093 Title Examiners, Abstractors, and Searchers 620 0.01% $10.00 $11.38 $23,670 7.6 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 10,750 0.11% $12.85 $15.68 $32,610 5.4 %
25-1021 Computer Science Teachers, Postsecondary (4) (4) (2) (2) $53,990 7.9 %
25-1194 Vocational Education Teachers, Postsecondary 1,110 0.01% $24.08 $22.87 $47,570 5.3 %
25-2011 Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education 520 0.01% $9.41 $9.84 $20,460 5.0 %
25-2021 Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education 270 0.00% (2) (2) $35,860 17.5 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 450 0.00% $10.67 $12.29 $25,570 7.0 %
25-4010 Archivists, Curators, and Museum Technicians 50 0.00% $16.09 $17.20 $35,770 5.0 %
25-4021 Librarians 560 0.01% $19.65 $20.52 $42,680 3.5 %
25-4031 Library Technicians 210 0.00% $11.56 $12.18 $25,330 8.2 %
25-9011 Audio-Visual Collections Specialists (4) (4) $8.18 $9.14 $19,010 11.5 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 530 0.01% $17.67 $20.23 $42,080 3.9 %
25-9041 Teacher Assistants 1,310 0.01% (2) (2) $20,020 7.8 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 197,220 1.95% $19.53 $22.04 $45,850 1.3 %
27-1011 Art Directors 11,490 0.11% $30.52 $33.15 $68,950 2.0 %
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators 1,350 0.01% $16.95 $19.25 $40,050 4.5 %
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators 16,040 0.16% $20.68 $22.37 $46,540 2.0 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 4,520 0.04% $27.55 $26.99 $56,130 2.8 %
27-1022 Fashion Designers 40 0.00% $24.99 $23.51 $48,910 14.9 %
27-1023 Floral Designers 1,230 0.01% $9.89 $10.71 $22,270 5.7 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 52,190 0.52% $17.68 $19.80 $41,190 2.4 %
27-1025 Interior Designers 1,590 0.02% $18.53 $21.24 $44,180 6.9 %
27-1026 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 6,990 0.07% $9.50 $9.58 $19,930 2.9 %
27-1027 Set and Exhibit Designers 1,010 0.01% $16.91 $18.23 $37,920 5.3 %
27-2011 Actors 1,500 0.01% (2) (2) $19,470 7.7 %
27-2012 Producers and Directors 5,480 0.05% (2) (2) $58,910 6.4 %
27-2021 Athletes and Sports Competitors 100 0.00% (2) (2) $58,280 19.1 %
27-2022 Coaches and Scouts 30 0.00% (2) (2) $38,260 13.2 %
27-3010 Announcers 670 0.01% $12.05 $14.02 $29,160 6.8 %
27-3020 News Analysts, Reporters and Correspondents 2,010 0.02% $18.60 $19.61 $40,780 4.7 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 11,900 0.12% $21.07 $22.69 $47,200 2.9 %
27-3041 Editors 12,090 0.12% $21.17 $23.36 $48,590 2.9 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 19,920 0.20% $24.54 $25.89 $53,840 2.1 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 10,210 0.10% $23.82 $26.84 $55,840 4.6 %
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators 2,440 0.02% $17.78 $20.91 $43,490 7.2 %
27-4012 Broadcast Technicians 400 0.00% $17.46 $18.27 $38,000 4.2 %
27-4013 Radio Operators (4) (4) $12.63 $13.20 $27,460 3.1 %
27-4014 Sound Engineering Technicians 470 0.00% $17.22 $20.44 $42,510 6.8 %
27-4021 Photographers 10,420 0.10% $13.70 $15.49 $32,220 4.5 %
27-4031 Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Picture 1,490 0.01% $13.95 $15.51 $32,260 7.3 %
27-4032 Film and Video Editors 450 0.00% $17.79 $19.05 $39,610 5.6 %
Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations 186,720 1.84% $20.54 $21.79 $45,320 1.5 %
29-1011 Chiropractors (4) (4) $52.36 $50.57 $105,180 18.0 %
29-1020 Dentists 400 0.00% $47.39 $47.98 $99,800 7.2 %
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists 90 0.00% $16.36 $17.71 $36,840 3.9 %
29-1051 Pharmacists (4) (4) $32.10 $32.12 $66,810 3.3 %
29-1063 Internists, General (4) (4) $63.36 $61.33 $127,580 6.9 %
29-1071 Physician Assistants (4) (4) $31.02 $30.60 $63,650 3.5 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 104,720 1.03% $22.36 $23.49 $48,870 2.5 %
29-1122 Occupational Therapists 1,160 0.01% $23.32 $22.87 $47,570 3.7 %
29-1123 Physical Therapists 1,300 0.01% $25.24 $25.65 $53,360 2.2 %
29-1124 Radiation Therapists (4) (4) $22.15 $23.50 $48,880 6.1 %
29-1126 Respiratory Therapists 2,920 0.03% $16.77 $16.47 $34,250 3.9 %
29-1127 Speech-Language Pathologists 380 0.00% $26.46 $27.34 $56,870 3.2 %
29-2011 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 290 0.00% $18.90 $19.15 $39,830 2.1 %
29-2012 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 2,820 0.03% $12.91 $14.19 $29,510 3.8 %
29-2021 Dental Hygienists 1,950 0.02% $26.91 $27.47 $57,130 4.3 %
29-2031 Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians 90 0.00% $24.57 $22.86 $47,540 14.1 %
29-2033 Nuclear Medicine Technologists 140 0.00% $24.71 $25.92 $53,910 12.4 %
29-2034 Radiologic Technologists and Technicians 2,300 0.02% $19.28 $19.69 $40,960 3.2 %
29-2041 Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics 590 0.01% $14.44 $14.15 $29,440 8.7 %
29-2051 Dietetic Technicians 460 0.00% $7.75 $8.69 $18,070 8.0 %
29-2052 Pharmacy Technicians (4) (4) $12.54 $12.41 $25,810 3.4 %
29-2053 Psychiatric Technicians 590 0.01% $8.10 $11.03 $22,930 14.5 %
29-2054 Respiratory Therapy Technicians 350 0.00% $15.35 $14.99 $31,180 4.3 %
29-2055 Surgical Technologists 420 0.00% $14.47 $14.36 $29,880 4.7 %
29-2056 Veterinary Technologists and Technicians (4) (4) $6.82 $8.12 $16,890 9.7 %
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses 42,110 0.42% $17.22 $17.52 $36,450 1.5 %
29-2071 Medical Records and Health Information Technicians 3,100 0.03% $10.90 $11.97 $24,910 2.7 %
29-9010 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists and Technicians 1,360 0.01% $18.88 $22.16 $46,090 10.0 %
Healthcare Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 125,810 1.24% $9.53 $10.05 $20,890 1.0 %
31-1011 Home Health Aides 45,060 0.45% $8.60 $9.12 $18,960 1.8 %
31-1012 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 54,250 0.54% $9.81 $10.01 $20,820 1.3 %
31-2012 Occupational Therapist Aides 140 0.00% $8.26 $9.80 $20,390 9.5 %
31-2021 Physical Therapist Assistants 200 0.00% $13.51 $15.15 $31,500 5.8 %
31-2022 Physical Therapist Aides 120 0.00% $10.04 $10.00 $20,800 3.2 %
31-9011 Massage Therapists 100 0.00% $15.01 $14.20 $29,540 8.5 %
31-9091 Dental Assistants 2,190 0.02% $13.74 $13.81 $28,720 4.4 %
31-9092 Medical Assistants 5,220 0.05% $10.07 $10.48 $21,800 1.8 %
31-9093 Medical Equipment Preparers 370 0.00% $9.95 $10.32 $21,460 3.6 %
31-9094 Medical Transcriptionists 11,600 0.11% $11.94 $12.27 $25,510 1.8 %
31-9095 Pharmacy Aides 110 0.00% $10.72 $10.99 $22,860 3.6 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 759,330 7.50% $8.22 $8.96 $18,640 0.8 %
33-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Correctional Officers (4) (4) $11.60 $12.94 $26,910 6.7 %
33-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Fire Fighting and Prevention Workers 650 0.01% $25.42 $25.52 $53,070 6.6 %
33-2011 Fire Fighters 3,770 0.04% $16.27 $17.72 $36,860 15.4 %
33-2021 Fire Inspectors and Investigators 420 0.00% $11.19 $11.88 $24,720 6.4 %
33-3052 Transit and Railroad Police 910 0.01% $10.02 $10.27 $21,360 3.7 %
33-9011 Animal Control Workers 30 0.00% $7.92 $8.19 $17,030 7.6 %
33-9021 Private Detectives and Investigators 6,170 0.06% $12.70 $14.56 $30,280 4.1 %
33-9031 Gaming Surveillance Officers and Gaming Investigators 1,950 0.02% $9.90 $9.79 $20,360 1.9 %
33-9032 Security Guards 699,800 6.91% $8.10 $8.61 $17,910 0.6 %
33-9091 Crossing Guards 7,350 0.07% $8.65 $9.42 $19,590 4.1 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 101,420 1.00% $7.54 $8.21 $17,080 1.9 %
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 490 0.00% $15.52 $16.97 $35,290 3.7 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 3,390 0.03% $12.57 $13.40 $27,870 4.8 %
35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food 190 0.00% $7.93 $8.14 $16,940 3.6 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 1,360 0.01% $9.57 $9.52 $19,790 3.4 %
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant 2,840 0.03% $9.51 $9.61 $19,990 1.5 %
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order 4,270 0.04% $8.74 $8.78 $18,250 2.3 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 16,440 0.16% $7.50 $7.78 $16,190 1.6 %
35-3011 Bartenders 2,570 0.03% $7.82 $8.94 $18,600 7.5 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 17,590 0.17% $7.20 $7.59 $15,780 1.9 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 750 0.01% $7.25 $7.27 $15,130 3.5 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses 14,210 0.14% $8.58 $8.97 $18,650 7.7 %
35-3041 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant 3,340 0.03% $7.43 $7.82 $16,260 4.2 %
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 17,640 0.17% $7.29 $7.90 $16,430 3.5 %
35-9021 Dishwashers 10,640 0.11% $6.72 $7.01 $14,580 1.3 %
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop 790 0.01% $7.36 $7.55 $15,700 2.7 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 1,016,200 10.04% $7.64 $8.36 $17,390 0.8 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 54,440 0.54% $11.07 $12.30 $25,580 1.4 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 4,560 0.05% $15.48 $16.11 $33,500 2.5 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 720,610 7.12% $7.39 $7.90 $16,440 1.1 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 142,260 1.41% $7.27 $7.63 $15,870 1.3 %
37-2021 Pest Control Workers 47,520 0.47% $10.57 $11.44 $23,800 2.2 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 27,740 0.27% $8.10 $8.75 $18,200 1.5 %
37-3012 Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation 1,440 0.01% $9.82 $10.13 $21,070 4.1 %
37-3013 Tree Trimmers and Pruners 270 0.00% $8.85 $9.12 $18,960 2.2 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 41,050 0.41% $7.32 $8.68 $18,050 4.9 %
39-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service Workers 1,080 0.01% $13.21 $14.14 $29,420 4.2 %
39-2021 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers 240 0.00% $7.87 $8.69 $18,070 4.0 %
39-3021 Motion Picture Projectionists 1,080 0.01% $7.43 $10.92 $22,720 21.8 %
39-3031 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 13,770 0.14% $6.22 $6.48 $13,490 4.8 %
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 1,910 0.02% $6.26 $6.60 $13,730 2.5 %
39-3093 Locker Room, Coatroom, and Dressing Room Attendants 90 0.00% $6.88 $7.10 $14,770 4.9 %
39-4011 Embalmers (4) (4) $16.10 $17.99 $37,420 2.8 %
39-5012 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists (4) (4) $14.44 $13.21 $27,470 9.1 %
39-5093 Shampooers 100 0.00% $7.20 $7.20 $14,970 4.0 %
39-6011 Baggage Porters and Bellhops 2,320 0.02% $7.85 $8.07 $16,780 4.0 %
39-6012 Concierges 340 0.00% $8.40 $8.75 $18,190 3.6 %
39-6021 Tour Guides and Escorts 1,090 0.01% $9.34 $9.68 $20,120 3.9 %
39-6031 Flight Attendants 110 0.00% (2) (2) $46,890 7.9 %
39-6032 Transportation Attendants, Except Flight Attendants and Baggage Porters (4) (4) $6.22 $6.02 $12,530 5.2 %
39-9011 Child Care Workers 1,070 0.01% $7.57 $7.85 $16,330 2.5 %
39-9021 Personal and Home Care Aides 3,420 0.03% $8.16 $8.40 $17,480 3.6 %
39-9031 Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors 1,870 0.02% $10.73 $11.26 $23,430 4.6 %
39-9032 Recreation Workers 3,190 0.03% $8.01 $8.49 $17,660 2.7 %
39-9041 Residential Advisors 150 0.00% $9.45 $9.96 $20,720 7.1 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 696,380 6.88% $11.63 $16.17 $33,630 1.2 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 18,700 0.18% $16.63 $19.98 $41,570 2.9 %
41-2011 Cashiers 22,310 0.22% $7.58 $7.89 $16,410 1.7 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 36,630 0.36% $9.17 $9.96 $20,720 1.1 %
41-2022 Parts Salespersons 2,820 0.03% $9.84 $13.20 $27,460 8.9 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 14,120 0.14% $9.54 $11.48 $23,870 2.9 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents 54,590 0.54% $20.32 $24.64 $51,250 3.6 %
41-3021 Insurance Sales Agents 1,520 0.02% $10.86 $12.24 $25,460 3.9 %
41-3041 Travel Agents 1,780 0.02% $10.67 $12.27 $25,520 5.0 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 34,710 0.34% $28.70 $31.51 $65,540 2.3 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 63,110 0.62% $18.65 $22.09 $45,940 2.0 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters 45,780 0.45% $9.34 $11.31 $23,520 3.2 %
41-9012 Models 600 0.01% $15.36 $14.51 $30,190 4.3 %
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents 1,880 0.02% $17.91 $17.43 $36,260 12.1 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers 12,880 0.13% $28.02 $31.20 $64,890 4.6 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 249,510 2.46% $8.54 $9.68 $20,140 1.4 %
41-9091 Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers 5,100 0.05% $8.73 $12.17 $25,310 10.2 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 2,492,220 24.62% $10.45 $11.51 $23,940 0.4 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 94,950 0.94% $16.84 $18.51 $38,490 0.8 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 52,220 0.52% $9.15 $9.43 $19,620 1.8 %
43-2021 Telephone Operators 6,990 0.07% $8.55 $9.14 $19,010 3.2 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 97,270 0.96% $11.16 $12.19 $25,360 1.1 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 26,920 0.27% $11.58 $12.23 $25,430 1.0 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 137,710 1.36% $11.79 $12.57 $26,140 1.1 %
43-3041 Gaming Cage Workers 60 0.00% $10.53 $13.09 $27,220 13.6 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 20,450 0.20% $12.21 $13.15 $27,360 1.8 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 1,500 0.01% $13.28 $14.20 $29,540 2.5 %
43-3071 Tellers 4,250 0.04% $9.36 $9.48 $19,730 2.5 %
43-4011 Brokerage Clerks (4) (4) $15.97 $16.52 $34,350 2.2 %
43-4021 Correspondence Clerks 6,930 0.07% $10.37 $10.81 $22,480 1.5 %
43-4031 Court, Municipal, and License Clerks 80 0.00% $9.88 $12.94 $26,910 12.0 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 12,620 0.12% $10.20 $10.93 $22,720 2.0 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 329,200 3.25% $10.46 $11.62 $24,170 1.0 %
43-4071 File Clerks 54,920 0.54% $8.73 $9.02 $18,760 0.7 %
43-4081 Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks 580 0.01% $7.99 $8.19 $17,030 2.7 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan 15,590 0.15% $9.40 $10.24 $21,300 2.5 %
43-4121 Library Assistants, Clerical 220 0.00% $9.88 $10.29 $21,390 3.3 %
43-4131 Loan Interviewers and Clerks 2,050 0.02% $12.78 $13.33 $27,730 3.3 %
43-4141 New Accounts Clerks 550 0.01% $10.12 $10.61 $22,060 3.4 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 23,600 0.23% $10.13 $11.19 $23,270 2.0 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 16,280 0.16% $13.14 $13.70 $28,500 1.0 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 120,460 1.19% $9.73 $9.99 $20,770 0.6 %
43-4181 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks 5,570 0.06% $8.27 $9.28 $19,290 5.3 %
43-5011 Cargo and Freight Agents (4) (4) $17.58 $17.69 $36,790 3.2 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 14,880 0.15% $8.79 $9.54 $19,830 3.7 %
43-5031 Police, Fire, and Ambulance Dispatchers (4) (4) $11.65 $11.65 $24,240 4.8 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 13,280 0.13% $11.24 $12.29 $25,560 1.7 %
43-5041 Meter Readers, Utilities 1,600 0.02% $10.09 $10.65 $22,150 3.4 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 32,020 0.32% $12.56 $14.22 $29,580 2.1 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 53,730 0.53% $9.16 $9.76 $20,300 1.1 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 94,290 0.93% $8.61 $9.12 $18,970 1.0 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 2,650 0.03% $9.23 $9.49 $19,740 2.0 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 164,400 1.62% $14.20 $15.01 $31,210 0.6 %
43-6012 Legal Secretaries 9,230 0.09% $17.16 $17.12 $35,600 2.1 %
43-6013 Medical Secretaries 4,760 0.05% $11.04 $11.42 $23,750 1.6 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 157,980 1.56% $11.43 $11.81 $24,570 0.7 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 43,630 0.43% $12.04 $13.28 $27,620 1.7 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 187,580 1.85% $9.66 $9.87 $20,530 0.7 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 61,570 0.61% $11.20 $11.91 $24,760 2.1 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 4,220 0.04% $16.51 $16.53 $34,390 2.4 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 70,250 0.69% $8.52 $8.88 $18,460 0.8 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 366,170 3.62% $9.55 $10.12 $21,050 0.6 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 34,180 0.34% $9.29 $9.89 $20,570 1.3 %
43-9081 Proofreaders and Copy Markers 7,310 0.07% $10.59 $12.21 $25,400 3.8 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants 1,870 0.02% $11.27 $13.17 $27,390 3.9 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 5,560 0.05% $8.72 $9.24 $19,220 2.7 %
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers 120 0.00% $18.35 $18.81 $39,120 5.7 %
45-2041 Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products 420 0.00% $6.30 $6.56 $13,640 8.7 %
45-2091 Agricultural Equipment Operators 120 0.00% $8.02 $8.32 $17,310 2.6 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 3,850 0.04% $8.61 $8.55 $17,780 2.6 %
45-2093 Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals 260 0.00% $9.24 $9.20 $19,130 2.3 %
45-4022 Logging Equipment Operators (4) (4) $9.39 $9.50 $19,760 5.1 %
45-4023 Log Graders and Scalers 240 0.00% $18.29 $17.25 $35,880 9.6 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 162,640 1.61% $10.99 $12.96 $26,950 2.4 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 7,920 0.08% $20.23 $21.36 $44,420 2.5 %
47-2011 Boilermakers 130 0.00% $13.41 $14.30 $29,750 12.7 %
47-2022 Stonemasons 210 0.00% $12.12 $11.99 $24,930 2.7 %
47-2031 Carpenters 27,370 0.27% $13.53 $14.91 $31,000 2.7 %
47-2041 Carpet Installers 30 0.00% $19.84 $24.59 $51,160 8.1 %
47-2043 Floor Sanders and Finishers 60 0.00% $7.81 $8.22 $17,100 4.2 %
47-2051 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers 2,450 0.02% $12.23 $14.87 $30,940 8.8 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 41,100 0.41% $7.71 $10.24 $21,310 9.2 %
47-2071 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 1,630 0.02% $7.83 $8.78 $18,270 2.1 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 2,500 0.02% $21.65 $20.63 $42,910 4.9 %
47-2081 Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers 2,600 0.03% $11.77 $12.75 $26,530 3.3 %
47-2111 Electricians 9,560 0.09% $16.82 $18.06 $37,570 3.5 %
47-2130 Insulation Workers (4) (4) $11.69 $11.47 $23,860 3.7 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 9,530 0.09% $11.31 $12.61 $26,220 2.7 %
47-2142 Paperhangers 2,200 0.02% $13.38 $13.63 $28,350 3.6 %
47-2151 Pipelayers 110 0.00% $11.32 $11.65 $24,230 1.7 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 5,250 0.05% $14.60 $15.45 $32,140 2.9 %
47-2161 Plasterers and Stucco Masons 220 0.00% $15.05 $15.11 $31,430 5.0 %
47-2171 Reinforcing Iron and Rebar Workers 60 0.00% $15.69 $18.86 $39,240 14.0 %
47-2181 Roofers 620 0.01% $11.61 $11.85 $24,650 2.5 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 1,260 0.01% $9.14 $10.24 $21,300 3.5 %
47-2221 Structural Iron and Steel Workers 2,230 0.02% $14.93 $16.66 $34,650 7.8 %
47-3012 Helpers—Carpenters 820 0.01% $9.01 $9.73 $20,250 4.8 %
47-3013 Helpers—Electricians 970 0.01% $11.04 $10.73 $22,320 5.1 %
47-3014 Helpers—Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons 420 0.00% $7.91 $8.59 $17,860 6.8 %
47-3015 Helpers—Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 440 0.00% $6.97 $8.56 $17,800 4.8 %
47-3016 Helpers—Roofers (4) (4) $8.02 $8.55 $17,780 9.2 %
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors 2,370 0.02% $15.84 $16.77 $34,890 4.7 %
47-4031 Fence Erectors 220 0.00% $12.11 $11.85 $24,640 4.7 %
47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 1,440 0.01% $10.87 $12.59 $26,190 6.1 %
47-4051 Highway Maintenance Workers 1,440 0.01% $7.68 $7.88 $16,390 3.3 %
47-4071 Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners 480 0.00% $10.87 $11.20 $23,300 4.0 %
47-5021 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas 170 0.00% $11.13 $11.83 $24,620 2.5 %
47-5071 Roustabouts, Oil and Gas 900 0.01% $9.48 $9.71 $20,200 3.9 %
47-5081 Helpers—Extraction Workers 2,450 0.02% $11.67 $11.69 $24,310 3.7 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 194,340 1.92% $13.79 $14.73 $30,630 0.8 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 10,900 0.11% $20.44 $21.59 $44,910 1.3 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 25,750 0.25% $15.10 $15.86 $32,990 1.6 %
49-2021 Radio Mechanics (4) (4) $9.71 $9.99 $20,780 3.7 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 5,100 0.05% $17.97 $18.28 $38,020 3.6 %
49-2091 Avionics Technicians (4) (4) $15.48 $15.36 $31,940 4.4 %
49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers 250 0.00% $11.43 $11.87 $24,690 4.3 %
49-2093 Electrical and Electronics Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment (4) (4) $16.70 $16.29 $33,890 3.7 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 7,030 0.07% $15.00 $15.40 $32,040 1.9 %
49-2096 Electronic Equipment Installers and Repairers, Motor Vehicles 140 0.00% $14.24 $14.37 $29,900 12.0 %
49-2097 Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Installers and Repairers 1,290 0.01% $12.42 $13.41 $27,900 7.6 %
49-2098 Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers 14,360 0.14% $14.14 $14.48 $30,120 1.3 %
49-3021 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 590 0.01% $12.04 $12.67 $26,360 5.2 %
49-3022 Automotive Glass Installers and Repairers 60 0.00% $12.08 $12.08 $25,120 4.6 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 8,340 0.08% $12.78 $13.54 $28,170 2.2 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 5,750 0.06% $14.72 $15.15 $31,510 3.1 %
49-3041 Farm Equipment Mechanics (4) (4) $13.69 $14.76 $30,710 3.8 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 9,570 0.09% $15.95 $16.65 $34,640 1.3 %
49-3051 Motorboat Mechanics 90 0.00% $11.08 $10.48 $21,800 10.9 %
49-3053 Outdoor Power Equipment and Other Small Engine Mechanics 4,650 0.05% $11.40 $11.86 $24,670 1.8 %
49-3092 Recreational Vehicle Service Technicians 170 0.00% $8.65 $10.69 $22,230 8.5 %
49-3093 Tire Repairers and Changers 330 0.00% $9.69 $11.91 $24,780 7.7 %
49-9011 Mechanical Door Repairers 150 0.00% $10.86 $11.02 $22,920 10.1 %
49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door 320 0.00% $17.98 $14.95 $31,100 19.1 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 4,300 0.04% $17.35 $16.88 $35,110 3.0 %
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers 630 0.01% $14.96 $15.16 $31,540 5.1 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 2,210 0.02% $14.83 $15.29 $31,810 4.2 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 43,910 0.43% $12.25 $12.98 $27,000 2.0 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 1,760 0.02% $12.96 $13.56 $28,210 3.6 %
49-9044 Millwrights 2,390 0.02% $15.70 $16.02 $33,330 3.0 %
49-9051 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 890 0.01% $18.91 $20.52 $42,690 6.6 %
49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers 5,820 0.06% $12.82 $14.37 $29,900 3.8 %
49-9061 Camera and Photographic Equipment Repairers (4) (4) $15.07 $15.17 $31,550 2.6 %
49-9062 Medical Equipment Repairers 1,040 0.01% $13.00 $14.23 $29,590 3.5 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers 340 0.00% $11.36 $11.24 $23,380 5.9 %
49-9094 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers 170 0.00% $16.02 $15.85 $32,960 2.9 %
49-9095 Manufactured Building and Mobile Home Installers (4) (4) $9.86 $10.30 $21,430 4.9 %
49-9096 Riggers 1,010 0.01% $12.69 $14.40 $29,950 5.7 %
49-9098 Helpers—Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 9,500 0.09% $9.21 $9.81 $20,410 1.7 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
51-0000 Production Occupations 952,450 9.41% $8.02 $8.97 $18,650 1.0 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 23,020 0.23% $16.78 $18.45 $38,370 2.1 %
51-2011 Aircraft Structure, Surfaces, Rigging, and Systems Assemblers 100 0.00% $24.28 $23.56 $49,000 5.1 %
51-2021 Coil Winders, Tapers, and Finishers 100 0.00% $8.53 $8.82 $18,350 3.0 %
51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 23,700 0.23% $7.98 $8.50 $17,680 2.3 %
51-2023 Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers 1,370 0.01% $8.34 $9.27 $19,280 4.7 %
51-2031 Engine and Other Machine Assemblers 1,840 0.02% $9.67 $10.26 $21,350 2.8 %
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters 2,980 0.03% $15.24 $13.99 $29,090 9.5 %
51-2091 Fiberglass Laminators and Fabricators 2,260 0.02% $7.99 $8.17 $16,990 1.9 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 45,250 0.45% $7.98 $8.34 $17,340 1.4 %
51-2093 Timing Device Assemblers, Adjusters, and Calibrators 40 0.00% $12.04 $12.07 $25,100 3.1 %
51-3011 Bakers 370 0.00% $9.15 $9.46 $19,680 3.1 %
51-3021 Butchers and Meat Cutters 970 0.01% $5.98 $5.91 $12,290 5.1 %
51-3022 Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers 1,960 0.02% $8.13 $8.82 $18,340 5.5 %
51-3023 Slaughterers and Meat Packers 530 0.01% $7.47 $7.65 $15,910 11.2 %
51-3091 Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders (4) (4) $11.47 $10.87 $22,610 6.4 %
51-3093 Food Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders 280 0.00% $6.64 $6.76 $14,060 4.1 %
51-4012 Numerical Tool and Process Control Programmers 470 0.00% $6.27 $6.70 $13,940 7.6 %
51-4021 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 9,590 0.09% $7.62 $7.72 $16,050 1.7 %
51-4022 Forging Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 8,400 0.08% $7.53 $7.90 $16,440 2.1 %
51-4023 Rolling Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 4,630 0.05% $7.71 $8.33 $17,320 2.9 %
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 30,530 0.30% $8.14 $8.53 $17,740 1.0 %
51-4032 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (4) (4) $6.85 $8.74 $18,170 21.6 %
51-4033 Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 480 0.00% $8.96 $10.14 $21,090 3.1 %
51-4034 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 840 0.01% $14.32 $13.95 $29,010 4.8 %
51-4035 Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 230 0.00% $7.66 $8.85 $18,420 6.6 %
51-4041 Machinists 23,180 0.23% $9.06 $10.69 $22,230 2.1 %
51-4052 Pourers and Casters, Metal 180 0.00% $9.70 $9.77 $20,320 3.7 %
51-4071 Foundry Mold and Coremakers 160 0.00% $9.45 $9.86 $20,510 6.7 %
51-4072 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 5,310 0.05% $7.21 $7.44 $15,470 1.4 %
51-4081 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 950 0.01% $8.21 $8.79 $18,270 2.5 %
51-4111 Tool and Die Makers 210 0.00% $20.26 $19.61 $40,790 4.7 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 27,630 0.27% $10.69 $12.27 $25,530 3.8 %
51-4122 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 1,230 0.01% $9.61 $9.82 $20,420 2.5 %
51-4191 Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 60 0.00% $9.05 $9.59 $19,940 5.8 %
51-4192 Lay-Out Workers, Metal and Plastic 50 0.00% $17.64 $16.12 $33,530 7.2 %
51-4193 Plating and Coating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 170 0.00% $7.97 $8.47 $17,630 3.2 %
51-4194 Tool Grinders, Filers, and Sharpeners 170 0.00% $13.86 $16.35 $34,010 7.8 %
51-5011 Bindery Workers 15,930 0.16% $7.74 $8.39 $17,450 1.3 %
51-5012 Bookbinders 130 0.00% $9.95 $10.24 $21,310 3.2 %
51-5021 Job Printers 3,380 0.03% $8.34 $9.87 $20,540 8.5 %
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers 9,110 0.09% $13.16 $14.20 $29,540 2.3 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 17,640 0.17% $10.54 $11.88 $24,720 2.7 %
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 4,390 0.04% $7.71 $7.84 $16,300 2.2 %
51-6021 Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 80 0.00% $8.51 $8.52 $17,720 3.6 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators 2,910 0.03% $8.02 $8.56 $17,810 2.6 %
51-6051 Sewers, Hand 270 0.00% $6.91 $7.79 $16,200 4.5 %
51-6052 Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers 250 0.00% $9.06 $9.35 $19,440 2.0 %
51-6061 Textile Bleaching and Dyeing Machine Operators and Tenders 6,590 0.07% $7.58 $7.92 $16,480 2.8 %
51-6062 Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 3,910 0.04% $7.79 $8.06 $16,770 2.5 %
51-6063 Textile Knitting and Weaving Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 190 0.00% $7.29 $8.11 $16,880 4.2 %
51-6064 Textile Winding, Twisting, and Drawing Out Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (4) (4) $9.76 $9.58 $19,920 6.9 %
51-6091 Extruding and Forming Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Synthetic and Glass Fibers (4) (4) $6.14 $5.96 $12,410 4.7 %
51-6092 Fabric and Apparel Patternmakers 100 0.00% $7.33 $8.84 $18,390 5.1 %
51-6093 Upholsterers 550 0.01% $7.62 $8.08 $16,810 5.2 %
51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 320 0.00% $9.16 $11.33 $23,570 5.2 %
51-7021 Furniture Finishers 370 0.00% $8.14 $9.03 $18,780 6.1 %
51-7031 Model Makers, Wood 180 0.00% $10.16 $11.99 $24,930 6.6 %
51-7041 Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood 100 0.00% $8.88 $9.92 $20,630 3.3 %
51-7042 Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing 830 0.01% $8.21 $8.10 $16,840 4.1 %
51-8013 Power Plant Operators (4) (4) $17.01 $18.36 $38,190 2.7 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 680 0.01% $18.44 $18.92 $39,350 6.2 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 200 0.00% $9.71 $10.65 $22,160 5.9 %
51-8093 Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, and Gaugers 140 0.00% $15.17 $14.96 $31,120 4.3 %
51-9011 Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders 580 0.01% $18.31 $17.53 $36,470 5.6 %
51-9012 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (4) (4) $8.39 $9.65 $20,060 10.6 %
51-9021 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 1,020 0.01% $8.56 $8.86 $18,430 1.8 %
51-9022 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 1,120 0.01% $9.03 $8.94 $18,590 2.6 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 850 0.01% $11.74 $12.63 $26,270 6.3 %
51-9031 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand (4) (4) $8.32 $9.05 $18,820 8.5 %
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 910 0.01% $7.47 $8.30 $17,260 3.3 %
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (4) (4) $9.72 $9.49 $19,730 3.1 %
51-9051 Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders (4) (4) $8.22 $9.33 $19,410 6.3 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 47,770 0.47% $8.81 $10.55 $21,950 3.3 %
51-9071 Jewelers and Precious Stone and Metal Workers 180 0.00% $12.19 $13.10 $27,240 12.5 %
51-9081 Dental Laboratory Technicians 200 0.00% $8.80 $10.89 $22,650 5.8 %
51-9082 Medical Appliance Technicians (4) (4) $12.42 $11.94 $24,840 10.2 %
51-9083 Ophthalmic Laboratory Technicians 1,350 0.01% $8.26 $9.31 $19,360 6.8 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 76,330 0.75% $7.51 $7.83 $16,280 1.4 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 470 0.00% $10.28 $11.12 $23,130 2.9 %
51-9122 Painters, Transportation Equipment 40 0.00% $15.49 $15.42 $32,080 3.8 %
51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers 4,530 0.04% $8.33 $9.10 $18,920 1.9 %
51-9131 Photographic Process Workers 12,580 0.12% $10.11 $10.82 $22,510 2.1 %
51-9132 Photographic Processing Machine Operators 17,260 0.17% $9.31 $10.13 $21,060 2.2 %
51-9141 Semiconductor Processors (4) (4) $9.89 $10.00 $20,810 3.9 %
51-9191 Cementing and Gluing Machine Operators and Tenders 180 0.00% $9.15 $10.87 $22,600 7.4 %
51-9192 Cleaning, Washing, and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 120 0.00% $7.07 $7.37 $15,330 5.7 %
51-9194 Etchers and Engravers 1,080 0.01% $8.19 $8.51 $17,700 4.5 %
51-9195 Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic 110 0.00% $6.94 $9.03 $18,770 17.1 %
51-9196 Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 1,260 0.01% $7.64 $8.30 $17,270 4.8 %
51-9198 Helpers—Production Workers 154,230 1.52% $7.65 $7.94 $16,510 1.3 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 845,210 8.35% $8.01 $9.04 $18,800 1.0 %
53-1011 Aircraft Cargo Handling Supervisors 200 0.00% $14.89 $15.76 $32,780 5.1 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 5,660 0.06% $14.53 $15.78 $32,820 2.2 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 4,020 0.04% $16.18 $18.04 $37,530 3.8 %
53-2011 Airline Pilots, Copilots, and Flight Engineers 250 0.00% (2) (2) $65,220 6.7 %
53-2012 Commercial Pilots 360 0.00% (2) (2) $43,020 5.8 %
53-2021 Air Traffic Controllers (4) (4) $20.23 $21.40 $44,520 5.5 %
53-2022 Airfield Operations Specialists 50 0.00% $19.21 $19.22 $39,970 10.0 %
53-3011 Ambulance Drivers and Attendants, Except Emergency Medical Technicians 60 0.00% $9.40 $9.61 $19,990 3.4 %
53-3021 Bus Drivers, Transit and Intercity 190 0.00% $12.16 $12.42 $25,840 10.4 %
53-3022 Bus Drivers, School (4) (4) $6.85 $7.16 $14,890 8.5 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 10,160 0.10% $10.27 $11.50 $23,930 4.0 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 47,880 0.47% $15.23 $15.57 $32,390 3.4 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light Or Delivery Services 65,130 0.64% $9.81 $10.35 $21,520 1.0 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 13,310 0.13% $6.65 $7.41 $15,420 3.3 %
53-5011 Sailors and Marine Oilers 340 0.00% $14.10 $16.49 $34,310 16.6 %
53-5021 Captains, Mates, and Pilots of Water Vessels 190 0.00% $16.14 $19.93 $41,460 2.2 %
53-5031 Ship Engineers 30 0.00% $17.48 $20.38 $42,400 7.7 %
53-6011 Bridge and Lock Tenders (4) (4) $11.67 $12.41 $25,820 9.6 %
53-6021 Parking Lot Attendants (4) (4) $7.59 $8.19 $17,030 6.5 %
53-6031 Service Station Attendants 380 0.00% $6.95 $8.05 $16,740 11.6 %
53-6051 Transportation Inspectors 730 0.01% $8.82 $9.24 $19,210 7.5 %
53-7011 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 1,470 0.01% $8.25 $8.59 $17,880 1.8 %
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators 6,400 0.06% $20.88 $21.23 $44,150 3.1 %
53-7031 Dredge Operators 110 0.00% $22.60 $22.39 $46,570 3.3 %
53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators 1,090 0.01% $14.90 $17.08 $35,530 7.8 %
53-7041 Hoist and Winch Operators 1,090 0.01% $26.56 $27.16 $56,490 6.4 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 43,430 0.43% $9.60 $10.47 $21,780 1.6 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 7,750 0.08% $8.42 $8.83 $18,380 3.7 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 410,430 4.05% $7.71 $8.13 $16,900 0.9 %
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 1,640 0.02% $8.42 $8.64 $17,960 1.9 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 191,300 1.89% $7.42 $7.59 $15,780 0.7 %
53-7071 Gas Compressor and Gas Pumping Station Operators 190 0.00% $10.32 $12.97 $26,970 9.6 %
53-7072 Pump Operators, Except Wellhead Pumpers (4) (4) $13.28 $13.56 $28,190 2.5 %
53-7081 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 5,260 0.05% $6.35 $6.43 $13,370 2.6 %
53-7121 Tank Car, Truck, and Ship Loaders (4) (4) $10.93 $12.73 $26,480 17.6 %

About 2000 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(2) = Hourly wage rates for occupations where workers typically work fewer than 2,080 hours per year are not available.

(4) = Estimates not released due to high relative standard error.

The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.



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Industry-Specific occupational employment and wage estimates for other SIC Major Groups:

2000 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Other OES estimates and related information:

2000 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

2000 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

2000 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

Technical notes

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Last Modified Date: November 15, 2001

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