Occupational Employment Statistics

2000 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

SIC 83 - Social Services

These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in SIC Major Group 83 - Social Services.

SIC Major Group 83 - Social Services consists of:


Links to other industry-specific estimates and cross-industry estimates

SOC Major Groups in in SIC 83 - Social Services:

SIC 83 - Social Services

Click on the SOC code number to view that occupation's definition and national cross-industry estimates.

Industry Total top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
00-0000 Industry Total 2,856,070 100.00% $9.33 $11.24 $23,370 0.4 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
11-0000 Management Occupations 254,660 8.92% $18.77 $21.42 $44,560 0.7 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 13,020 0.46% $35.70 $38.22 $79,500 1.6 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 63,070 2.21% $21.71 $24.06 $50,040 0.7 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 3,560 0.12% $18.21 $21.48 $44,680 4.3 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 1,970 0.07% $20.80 $23.46 $48,790 2.9 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 210 0.01% $24.78 $28.95 $60,210 6.3 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 5,790 0.20% $20.88 $22.47 $46,740 1.2 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 20,320 0.71% $14.80 $16.38 $34,080 1.4 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 2,250 0.08% $23.55 $25.77 $53,600 1.5 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 13,630 0.48% $23.14 $24.88 $51,740 1.9 %
11-3040 Human Resources Managers 7,670 0.27% $19.59 $21.12 $43,940 2.7 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 180 0.01% $18.88 $20.56 $42,760 3.9 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 710 0.02% $18.76 $20.48 $42,590 2.1 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 240 0.01% $15.76 $16.69 $34,720 3.3 %
11-9011 Farm, Ranch, and Other Agricultural Managers 40 0.00% $13.35 $14.17 $29,480 5.3 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 180 0.01% $21.04 $21.84 $45,430 4.8 %
11-9031 Education Administrators, Preschool and Child Care Center/Program 34,450 1.21% $13.31 $15.60 $32,460 2.3 %
11-9032 Education Administrators, Elementary and Secondary School 450 0.02% (2) (2) $51,500 5.4 %
11-9033 Education Administrators, Postsecondary 70 0.00% $21.07 $23.31 $48,480 8.8 %
11-9051 Food Service Managers 5,580 0.20% $11.87 $13.06 $27,150 2.0 %
11-9071 Gaming Managers (4) (4) $15.51 $15.35 $31,920 5.3 %
11-9081 Lodging Managers 820 0.03% $12.11 $12.74 $26,490 6.1 %
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 14,920 0.52% $19.70 $21.74 $45,230 2.2 %
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers 110 0.00% $23.85 $25.19 $52,390 5.3 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 800 0.03% $13.39 $15.33 $31,880 4.8 %
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers 38,330 1.34% $17.62 $19.33 $40,210 0.9 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 58,960 2.06% $15.22 $16.44 $34,190 0.9 %
13-1021 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 50 0.00% $15.40 $15.13 $31,470 4.5 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 60 0.00% $12.84 $12.42 $25,830 6.5 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 990 0.03% $15.16 $15.84 $32,950 1.9 %
13-1031 Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 60 0.00% $14.77 $16.72 $34,770 6.9 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 810 0.03% $17.59 $18.96 $39,430 6.5 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 40 0.00% $14.67 $17.11 $35,590 9.4 %
13-1061 Emergency Management Specialists 1,080 0.04% $16.16 $17.36 $36,110 4.2 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 12,850 0.45% $12.75 $13.58 $28,240 1.8 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 780 0.03% $15.40 $16.56 $34,450 2.3 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 10,470 0.37% $13.08 $14.34 $29,820 1.7 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 670 0.02% $19.63 $21.89 $45,520 3.4 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 950 0.03% $15.72 $16.64 $34,610 2.4 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 12,080 0.42% $18.01 $19.04 $39,590 0.9 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 770 0.03% $19.65 $20.79 $43,240 2.5 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 320 0.01% $22.16 $22.34 $46,470 4.4 %
13-2052 Personal Financial Advisors 210 0.01% $13.23 $17.58 $36,580 10.4 %
13-2071 Loan Counselors 460 0.02% $15.40 $15.43 $32,100 4.1 %
13-2072 Loan Officers 330 0.01% $20.54 $23.39 $48,650 5.3 %
Computer and Mathematical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations 10,680 0.37% $16.97 $18.96 $39,430 1.4 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 1,640 0.06% $18.35 $19.79 $41,170 2.0 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 360 0.01% $27.32 $26.28 $54,650 2.6 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 100 0.00% $30.96 $30.88 $64,220 4.6 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 2,460 0.09% $14.32 $15.26 $31,740 1.2 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 330 0.01% $23.38 $23.60 $49,080 3.1 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 2,860 0.10% $16.09 $18.20 $37,850 2.9 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 1,860 0.07% $20.19 $21.29 $44,280 2.1 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 310 0.01% $18.96 $20.97 $43,620 5.2 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 50 0.00% $20.85 $22.05 $45,860 3.4 %
15-2041 Statisticians 130 0.00% $20.28 $22.83 $47,480 7.9 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 360 0.01% $16.95 $19.36 $40,280 4.1 %
17-1021 Cartographers and Photogrammetrists (4) (4) $15.36 $15.51 $32,260 2.8 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers (4) (4) $19.52 $19.68 $40,940 8.0 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers (4) (4) $16.35 $19.59 $40,740 7.7 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 17,740 0.62% $16.97 $19.48 $40,520 1.7 %
19-1031 Conservation Scientists (4) (4) $22.61 $21.18 $44,060 5.3 %
19-1041 Epidemiologists (4) (4) $16.83 $25.26 $52,540 23.9 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 90 0.00% $19.77 $22.85 $47,540 8.3 %
19-3011 Economists 120 0.00% $21.99 $26.01 $54,100 9.8 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 780 0.03% $17.32 $20.06 $41,720 3.1 %
19-3022 Survey Researchers 280 0.01% $11.45 $14.76 $30,700 8.4 %
19-3031 Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists 14,070 0.49% $17.14 $19.64 $40,850 1.9 %
19-3032 Industrial-Organizational Psychologists 40 0.00% $29.65 $31.82 $66,180 8.1 %
19-3041 Sociologists 240 0.01% $16.24 $17.73 $36,890 4.4 %
19-3051 Urban and Regional Planners 70 0.00% $19.29 $22.16 $46,090 7.8 %
19-4021 Biological Technicians 50 0.00% $14.99 $15.22 $31,670 3.6 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health (4) (4) $8.29 $11.63 $24,190 26.0 %
19-4093 Forest and Conservation Technicians (4) (4) $14.61 $13.82 $28,740 8.2 %
Community and Social Services Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 485,340 16.99% $11.61 $12.36 $25,700 0.4 %
21-1011 Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors 22,840 0.80% $12.51 $13.01 $27,070 1.0 %
21-1012 Educational, Vocational, and School Counselors 19,590 0.69% $12.24 $13.30 $27,670 1.7 %
21-1013 Marriage and Family Therapists 8,730 0.31% $15.89 $17.47 $36,340 2.8 %
21-1014 Mental Health Counselors 29,890 1.05% $12.02 $12.85 $26,730 1.4 %
21-1015 Rehabilitation Counselors 67,560 2.37% $10.47 $11.51 $23,950 1.6 %
21-1021 Child, Family, and School Social Workers 96,120 3.37% $12.82 $13.37 $27,800 0.8 %
21-1022 Medical and Public Health Social Workers 19,400 0.68% $14.08 $14.53 $30,210 1.4 %
21-1023 Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers 23,180 0.81% $13.14 $14.12 $29,360 1.1 %
21-1091 Health Educators 11,640 0.41% $13.58 $14.82 $30,820 2.2 %
21-1092 Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists 1,670 0.06% $11.28 $11.29 $23,490 2.4 %
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants 137,210 4.80% $10.09 $10.45 $21,730 0.6 %
21-2011 Clergy 1,090 0.04% $16.16 $17.12 $35,610 5.6 %
21-2021 Directors, Religious Activities and Education (4) (4) $15.24 $15.66 $32,580 2.2 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
23-0000 Legal Occupations 2,920 0.10% $16.61 $20.42 $42,480 4.5 %
23-1011 Lawyers 1,440 0.05% $23.09 $27.63 $57,470 5.6 %
23-1022 Arbitrators, Mediators, and Conciliators 130 0.00% $11.86 $11.69 $24,320 4.3 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 730 0.03% $13.39 $13.78 $28,670 3.4 %
23-2092 Law Clerks (4) (4) $8.38 $10.55 $21,940 21.4 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 480,670 16.83% $8.33 $9.42 $19,600 1.0 %
25-1072 Nursing Instructors and Teachers, Postsecondary 200 0.01% (2) (2) $27,440 7.2 %
25-1121 Art, Drama, and Music Teachers, Postsecondary (4) (4) (2) (2) $34,540 11.5 %
25-1194 Vocational Education Teachers, Postsecondary 3,220 0.11% $15.27 $16.96 $35,280 5.1 %
25-2011 Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education 282,070 9.88% $8.24 $8.91 $18,530 0.9 %
25-2012 Kindergarten Teachers, Except Special Education 9,180 0.32% (2) (2) $21,550 3.1 %
25-2021 Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education 6,300 0.22% (2) (2) $27,500 3.3 %
25-2022 Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Vocational Education 390 0.01% (2) (2) $35,250 5.3 %
25-2023 Vocational Education Teachers, Middle School 70 0.00% (2) (2) $20,850 9.8 %
25-2031 Secondary School Teachers, Except Special and Vocational Education 790 0.03% (2) (2) $33,090 3.4 %
25-2032 Vocational Education Teachers, Secondary School 1,570 0.05% (2) (2) $43,580 5.2 %
25-2041 Special Education Teachers, Preschool, Kindergarten, and Elementary School 2,520 0.09% (2) (2) $33,160 6.9 %
25-2042 Special Education Teachers, Middle School 180 0.01% (2) (2) $34,670 3.9 %
25-2043 Special Education Teachers, Secondary School 760 0.03% (2) (2) $30,610 4.5 %
25-3011 Adult Literacy, Remedial Education, and Ged Teachers and Instructors 7,040 0.25% $14.15 $14.79 $30,760 1.8 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 13,750 0.48% $12.22 $13.65 $28,380 2.5 %
25-4010 Archivists, Curators, and Museum Technicians (4) (4) $23.81 $22.57 $46,940 4.2 %
25-4021 Librarians 500 0.02% $19.53 $19.41 $40,370 3.9 %
25-4031 Library Technicians 240 0.01% $11.28 $11.57 $24,070 5.3 %
25-9011 Audio-Visual Collections Specialists 70 0.00% $6.43 $7.15 $14,860 9.0 %
25-9021 Farm and Home Management Advisors 40 0.00% $10.97 $11.05 $22,970 6.0 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 4,960 0.17% $14.40 $15.37 $31,970 1.9 %
25-9041 Teacher Assistants 122,450 4.29% (2) (2) $16,470 0.8 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 10,900 0.38% $15.35 $17.43 $36,260 4.8 %
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators 30 0.00% $19.36 $19.19 $39,910 4.4 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers (4) (4) $11.50 $11.81 $24,560 3.6 %
27-1023 Floral Designers (4) (4) $6.44 $6.93 $14,420 7.0 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 180 0.01% $15.55 $16.50 $34,330 3.6 %
27-2012 Producers and Directors 50 0.00% (2) (2) $23,940 8.0 %
27-2022 Coaches and Scouts 380 0.01% (2) (2) $23,330 9.0 %
27-2023 Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials 440 0.02% (2) (2) $27,240 6.5 %
27-2042 Musicians and Singers 30 0.00% (2) (2) $40,500 19.0 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 6,850 0.24% $16.22 $19.04 $39,590 6.7 %
27-3041 Editors 480 0.02% $15.92 $18.07 $37,590 3.9 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 50 0.00% $13.32 $15.53 $32,310 7.1 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 490 0.02% $18.17 $19.37 $40,280 6.2 %
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators 890 0.03% $14.13 $14.37 $29,890 4.6 %
Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations 87,070 3.05% $16.19 $17.91 $37,250 0.9 %
29-1020 Dentists 120 0.00% $40.46 $42.24 $87,860 10.6 %
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists 2,750 0.10% $15.35 $15.99 $33,250 3.5 %
29-1041 Optometrists (4) (4) $47.31 $44.78 $93,150 16.7 %
29-1051 Pharmacists 110 0.00% $28.51 $29.85 $62,090 2.7 %
29-1062 Family and General Practitioners 380 0.01% $56.84 $55.08 $114,570 9.3 %
29-1063 Internists, General 60 0.00% $55.96 $55.13 $114,680 10.9 %
29-1064 Obstetricians and Gynecologists 30 0.00% $35.52 $43.11 $89,660 17.9 %
29-1065 Pediatricians, General 140 0.00% $49.36 $47.48 $98,760 4.0 %
29-1071 Physician Assistants 240 0.01% $26.31 $26.16 $54,420 4.9 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 31,000 1.09% $18.77 $18.99 $39,500 0.6 %
29-1121 Audiologists 100 0.00% $20.46 $21.49 $44,690 4.4 %
29-1122 Occupational Therapists 4,240 0.15% $19.42 $19.81 $41,210 2.3 %
29-1123 Physical Therapists 2,450 0.09% $23.86 $25.24 $52,500 2.2 %
29-1125 Recreational Therapists 2,880 0.10% $12.02 $12.72 $26,470 1.6 %
29-1126 Respiratory Therapists 220 0.01% $17.06 $16.64 $34,610 3.3 %
29-1127 Speech-Language Pathologists 3,160 0.11% $22.61 $23.51 $48,900 1.6 %
29-2011 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 300 0.01% $12.92 $14.72 $30,620 6.0 %
29-2012 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 660 0.02% $10.13 $11.00 $22,880 4.8 %
29-2021 Dental Hygienists 100 0.00% $21.05 $21.06 $43,800 3.4 %
29-2041 Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics 480 0.02% $9.92 $10.87 $22,610 6.5 %
29-2051 Dietetic Technicians 2,210 0.08% $10.95 $10.68 $22,220 6.2 %
29-2052 Pharmacy Technicians 60 0.00% $11.69 $11.98 $24,930 3.8 %
29-2053 Psychiatric Technicians 2,470 0.09% $10.19 $11.11 $23,110 2.9 %
29-2054 Respiratory Therapy Technicians 80 0.00% $8.03 $9.06 $18,840 9.6 %
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses 22,620 0.79% $13.81 $14.03 $29,180 0.6 %
29-2071 Medical Records and Health Information Technicians 2,550 0.09% $10.43 $11.08 $23,040 1.5 %
29-2081 Opticians, Dispensing (4) (4) $12.22 $12.79 $26,610 8.0 %
29-9010 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists and Technicians 210 0.01% $16.90 $16.65 $34,640 4.0 %
29-9091 Athletic Trainers (4) (4) (2) (2) $33,430 2.1 %
Healthcare Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 299,510 10.49% $8.09 $8.33 $17,330 0.5 %
31-1011 Home Health Aides 215,230 7.54% $8.07 $8.24 $17,140 0.7 %
31-1012 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 65,870 2.31% $7.95 $8.16 $16,970 0.7 %
31-1013 Psychiatric Aides 4,760 0.17% $9.09 $9.05 $18,830 1.9 %
31-2011 Occupational Therapist Assistants 900 0.03% $13.61 $13.34 $27,760 5.4 %
31-2012 Occupational Therapist Aides 950 0.03% $7.85 $8.48 $17,650 4.2 %
31-2021 Physical Therapist Assistants 570 0.02% $14.76 $14.78 $30,750 5.7 %
31-2022 Physical Therapist Aides 490 0.02% $9.11 $10.04 $20,890 4.6 %
31-9011 Massage Therapists 90 0.00% $11.88 $16.54 $34,400 19.8 %
31-9091 Dental Assistants 160 0.01% $10.44 $10.92 $22,710 3.1 %
31-9092 Medical Assistants 2,180 0.08% $9.77 $10.01 $20,820 2.6 %
31-9094 Medical Transcriptionists 340 0.01% $10.54 $10.88 $22,640 2.5 %
31-9095 Pharmacy Aides 30 0.00% $10.22 $10.30 $21,430 3.8 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 14,730 0.52% $8.82 $9.53 $19,820 1.5 %
33-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Correctional Officers 130 0.00% $13.05 $13.34 $27,750 2.7 %
33-2011 Fire Fighters 80 0.00% $7.76 $7.93 $16,490 3.6 %
33-3012 Correctional Officers and Jailers 1,360 0.05% $9.38 $10.41 $21,660 7.9 %
33-9011 Animal Control Workers 40 0.00% $15.94 $16.70 $34,740 8.3 %
33-9032 Security Guards 9,680 0.34% $8.52 $8.98 $18,680 1.3 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 113,970 3.99% $7.52 $8.00 $16,640 0.5 %
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 960 0.03% $8.06 $9.46 $19,680 5.9 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 8,110 0.28% $10.63 $11.08 $23,040 1.1 %
35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food 220 0.01% $7.85 $8.27 $17,190 14.6 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 45,600 1.60% $7.88 $8.24 $17,140 0.5 %
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant 250 0.01% $8.96 $8.60 $17,890 4.6 %
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order 790 0.03% $8.71 $8.91 $18,520 1.3 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 18,750 0.66% $7.21 $7.49 $15,580 0.9 %
35-3011 Bartenders (4) (4) $9.29 $8.95 $18,620 4.9 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 2,890 0.10% $6.88 $7.13 $14,840 1.6 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 1,620 0.06% $7.73 $8.28 $17,210 5.0 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses 6,830 0.24% $6.85 $7.16 $14,890 1.0 %
35-3041 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant 11,160 0.39% $6.76 $7.02 $14,610 0.9 %
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 5,110 0.18% $7.57 $7.69 $15,990 2.6 %
35-9021 Dishwashers 8,710 0.30% $6.81 $7.16 $14,890 1.6 %
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop 240 0.01% $7.44 $7.37 $15,330 2.6 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 83,240 2.91% $7.67 $8.32 $17,310 0.5 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 6,730 0.24% $11.43 $12.24 $25,450 1.0 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 1,440 0.05% $12.37 $13.48 $28,040 3.8 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 38,120 1.33% $7.62 $8.05 $16,730 0.7 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 28,330 0.99% $7.26 $7.40 $15,400 0.7 %
37-2021 Pest Control Workers (4) (4) $7.69 $8.93 $18,580 10.8 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 5,380 0.19% $7.60 $8.45 $17,580 2.0 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 515,400 18.05% $7.72 $8.15 $16,960 0.5 %
39-1011 Gaming Supervisors 220 0.01% $9.48 $10.58 $22,010 7.8 %
39-1012 Slot Key Persons (4) (4) $22.78 $18.57 $38,620 25.3 %
39-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service Workers 16,220 0.57% $12.20 $13.31 $27,690 3.9 %
39-2021 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers 410 0.01% $8.69 $10.23 $21,270 8.6 %
39-3011 Gaming Dealers 210 0.01% $8.67 $10.13 $21,060 19.5 %
39-3012 Gaming and Sports Book Writers and Runners 300 0.01% $7.81 $8.23 $17,110 3.6 %
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 1,010 0.04% $7.68 $7.97 $16,570 4.5 %
39-3093 Locker Room, Coatroom, and Dressing Room Attendants 80 0.00% $7.39 $7.51 $15,620 3.2 %
39-5012 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 150 0.01% $9.33 $10.02 $20,840 3.9 %
39-6011 Baggage Porters and Bellhops 40 0.00% $6.42 $6.40 $13,320 5.0 %
39-6012 Concierges 170 0.01% $8.28 $8.36 $17,380 3.3 %
39-6021 Tour Guides and Escorts 40 0.00% $7.96 $8.75 $18,200 14.3 %
39-6032 Transportation Attendants, Except Flight Attendants and Baggage Porters 80 0.00% $9.49 $8.90 $18,510 6.3 %
39-9011 Child Care Workers 220,030 7.70% $7.15 $7.59 $15,780 0.9 %
39-9021 Personal and Home Care Aides 215,270 7.54% $7.83 $8.03 $16,690 0.6 %
39-9031 Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors 1,940 0.07% $10.27 $12.32 $25,620 4.4 %
39-9032 Recreation Workers 26,670 0.93% $8.46 $9.06 $18,850 1.1 %
39-9041 Residential Advisors 21,470 0.75% $9.19 $9.52 $19,800 1.2 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 22,190 0.78% $7.70 $9.97 $20,740 1.7 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 1,760 0.06% $10.92 $12.74 $26,500 2.4 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 160 0.01% $17.08 $19.70 $40,980 9.5 %
41-2011 Cashiers 8,150 0.29% $6.70 $7.20 $14,970 1.6 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 200 0.01% $6.75 $7.63 $15,870 7.5 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 2,850 0.10% $6.86 $7.48 $15,570 2.6 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 150 0.01% $21.88 $22.19 $46,150 5.3 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters (4) (4) $15.42 $17.38 $36,140 21.1 %
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents 110 0.00% $15.84 $16.48 $34,270 3.0 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 2,750 0.10% $7.69 $8.59 $17,870 2.7 %
41-9091 Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers (4) (4) $11.46 $12.28 $25,550 7.7 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 270,070 9.46% $10.54 $11.19 $23,280 0.5 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 20,200 0.71% $14.63 $15.44 $32,120 0.9 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 3,970 0.14% $9.18 $9.49 $19,740 1.1 %
43-2021 Telephone Operators (4) (4) $6.39 $6.51 $13,530 4.6 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 1,410 0.05% $12.64 $13.60 $28,290 3.8 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 4,450 0.16% $11.81 $12.10 $25,180 1.4 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 31,430 1.10% $11.96 $12.41 $25,800 0.8 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 3,450 0.12% $12.31 $12.73 $26,470 1.0 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 470 0.02% $11.34 $11.40 $23,710 2.1 %
43-4021 Correspondence Clerks (4) (4) $8.35 $8.57 $17,820 4.8 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 4,070 0.14% $10.26 $10.94 $22,740 2.5 %
43-4061 Eligibility Interviewers, Government Programs 2,120 0.07% $11.58 $12.13 $25,230 1.9 %
43-4071 File Clerks 2,370 0.08% $8.62 $9.05 $18,830 2.1 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan 3,150 0.11% $10.60 $11.58 $24,090 3.9 %
43-4121 Library Assistants, Clerical 110 0.00% $6.18 $6.71 $13,960 5.0 %
43-4131 Loan Interviewers and Clerks (4) (4) $10.70 $11.72 $24,380 6.8 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 760 0.03% $10.42 $11.04 $22,960 4.2 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 4,240 0.15% $12.62 $12.99 $27,010 1.0 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 29,470 1.03% $8.78 $9.07 $18,860 0.9 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 580 0.02% $6.94 $7.89 $16,410 2.9 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 580 0.02% $9.38 $9.88 $20,540 2.1 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 540 0.02% $10.27 $10.95 $22,780 4.9 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 2,400 0.08% $8.92 $9.19 $19,110 2.3 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 3,860 0.14% $8.11 $8.65 $17,980 1.9 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 150 0.01% $7.62 $8.01 $16,660 6.9 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 42,080 1.47% $12.81 $13.43 $27,930 0.9 %
43-6012 Legal Secretaries (4) (4) $12.84 $13.33 $27,730 8.9 %
43-6013 Medical Secretaries 2,080 0.07% $10.88 $11.18 $23,240 2.9 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 35,690 1.25% $10.16 $10.44 $21,710 0.6 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 690 0.02% $10.26 $10.80 $22,460 2.3 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 3,720 0.13% $9.93 $10.15 $21,100 1.1 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 3,010 0.11% $9.71 $10.26 $21,350 2.8 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 90 0.00% $11.64 $11.07 $23,030 8.0 %
43-9041 Insurance Claims and Policy Processing Clerks 270 0.01% $10.42 $10.84 $22,550 2.2 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 1,860 0.07% $8.77 $8.60 $17,880 4.0 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 49,950 1.75% $8.75 $9.04 $18,810 1.2 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 480 0.02% $10.15 $10.06 $20,930 4.4 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants 50 0.00% $10.31 $10.70 $22,270 3.3 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 340 0.01% $6.97 $8.74 $18,180 6.0 %
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers 60 0.00% $12.75 $13.67 $28,420 3.7 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 160 0.01% $6.59 $7.17 $14,920 6.7 %
45-2093 Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals 50 0.00% $9.47 $9.57 $19,900 4.8 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 3,330 0.12% $10.33 $11.29 $23,490 5.2 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 190 0.01% $16.31 $17.20 $35,770 3.7 %
47-2031 Carpenters 840 0.03% $10.61 $11.70 $24,330 4.0 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 300 0.01% $9.72 $9.80 $20,390 2.9 %
47-2111 Electricians 190 0.01% $13.86 $14.06 $29,240 2.6 %
47-2130 Insulation Workers 80 0.00% $10.65 $10.40 $21,630 7.0 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 140 0.00% $12.21 $12.85 $26,730 3.6 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 110 0.00% $14.95 $15.85 $32,970 4.0 %
47-3012 Helpers—Carpenters 30 0.00% $9.07 $9.63 $20,020 7.7 %
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors 130 0.00% $14.46 $15.32 $31,860 3.6 %
47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers (4) (4) $8.42 $11.72 $24,380 22.7 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 23,190 0.81% $10.50 $11.25 $23,390 0.9 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 1,080 0.04% $16.27 $16.94 $35,230 1.8 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 80 0.00% $12.66 $15.56 $32,370 11.2 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 60 0.00% $13.44 $13.85 $28,800 5.7 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 240 0.01% $13.13 $13.62 $28,330 2.8 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 40 0.00% $12.22 $11.78 $24,490 3.0 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 20,480 0.72% $10.30 $10.83 $22,520 0.8 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 50 0.00% $12.68 $12.75 $26,510 3.2 %
49-9062 Medical Equipment Repairers (4) (4) $15.09 $14.79 $30,760 5.8 %
49-9098 Helpers—Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 220 0.01% $7.83 $8.27 $17,200 3.5 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
51-0000 Production Occupations 29,630 1.04% $6.67 $7.62 $15,860 1.5 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 2,890 0.10% $10.66 $11.61 $24,140 2.1 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 3,730 0.13% $6.53 $7.03 $14,630 2.6 %
51-3011 Bakers (4) (4) $7.49 $7.60 $15,800 4.3 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 60 0.00% $8.25 $10.42 $21,670 16.7 %
51-5011 Bindery Workers (4) (4) $6.42 $6.81 $14,150 5.1 %
51-5021 Job Printers 40 0.00% $13.42 $13.40 $27,870 5.1 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 110 0.00% $10.23 $11.04 $22,960 5.0 %
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 3,080 0.11% $7.39 $7.63 $15,870 0.9 %
51-6021 Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 90 0.00% $6.36 $6.70 $13,940 4.6 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators 670 0.02% $6.55 $6.85 $14,240 2.3 %
51-6051 Sewers, Hand (4) (4) $6.49 $6.62 $13,760 6.3 %
51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters (4) (4) $7.78 $7.69 $16,000 3.8 %
51-7042 Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing (4) (4) $6.60 $7.27 $15,120 12.6 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 100 0.00% $15.25 $15.72 $32,710 4.2 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 800 0.03% $6.95 $8.19 $17,040 4.4 %
51-9082 Medical Appliance Technicians 30 0.00% $11.21 $12.50 $26,000 8.5 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders (4) (4) $6.96 $7.22 $15,010 5.0 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (4) (4) $21.12 $19.60 $40,760 3.8 %
51-9131 Photographic Process Workers 170 0.01% $8.12 $8.40 $17,480 9.2 %
51-9198 Helpers—Production Workers 790 0.03% $6.59 $7.35 $15,290 7.7 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 71,180 2.49% $7.58 $8.17 $16,980 0.6 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 650 0.02% $10.71 $12.01 $24,980 4.1 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 1,700 0.06% $12.91 $13.24 $27,540 1.9 %
53-3011 Ambulance Drivers and Attendants, Except Emergency Medical Technicians 280 0.01% $8.08 $8.17 $16,980 2.8 %
53-3021 Bus Drivers, Transit and Intercity 3,660 0.13% $8.15 $8.33 $17,330 1.8 %
53-3022 Bus Drivers, School 17,580 0.62% $8.07 $8.42 $17,510 0.8 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 650 0.02% $6.73 $8.01 $16,650 3.8 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 290 0.01% $12.15 $12.01 $24,970 4.0 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light Or Delivery Services 9,730 0.34% $8.44 $8.78 $18,270 1.3 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 10,390 0.36% $7.91 $8.08 $16,810 1.4 %
53-6021 Parking Lot Attendants 200 0.01% $8.13 $9.00 $18,710 3.1 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 270 0.01% $9.00 $10.08 $20,960 4.1 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 70 0.00% $6.51 $6.59 $13,700 4.4 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 17,630 0.62% $6.66 $7.26 $15,100 1.4 %
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 390 0.01% $6.54 $6.87 $14,290 6.1 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 3,300 0.12% $6.25 $6.40 $13,310 2.2 %
53-7081 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 160 0.01% $6.25 $6.31 $13,120 4.2 %

About 2000 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(2) = Hourly wage rates for occupations where workers typically work fewer than 2,080 hours per year are not available.

(4) = Estimates not released due to high relative standard error.

The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.



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Industry-Specific occupational employment and wage estimates for other SIC Major Groups:

2000 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Other OES estimates and related information:

2000 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

2000 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

2000 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

Technical notes

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Last Modified Date: November 15, 2001

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