Occupational Employment Statistics

2000 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

SIC 273 - Books

These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in SIC Industry Group 273 - Books.

SIC Industry Group 273 - Books is part of: SIC Major Group 27 - Printing, Publishing, and Allied Industries.

Links to other industry-specific estimates and cross-industry estimates

SOC Major Groups in in SIC 273 - Books:

SIC 273 - Books

Click on the SOC code number to view that occupation's definition and national cross-industry estimates.

Industry Total top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
00-0000 Industry Total 123,580 100.00% $14.81 $18.32 $38,110 1.8 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
11-0000 Management Occupations 10,240 8.29% $37.43 $40.05 $83,300 2.8 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 660 0.53% (3) $58.26 $121,180 4.8 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 2,570 2.08% $44.18 $45.40 $94,420 6.4 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 580 0.47% $25.13 $28.75 $59,810 5.5 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 810 0.66% $34.18 $36.22 $75,340 3.1 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 890 0.72% $33.95 $37.26 $77,500 3.4 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 140 0.11% $31.65 $34.12 $70,960 7.3 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 260 0.21% $30.96 $33.43 $69,540 5.6 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 670 0.54% $41.24 $41.51 $86,330 4.8 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 750 0.61% $36.35 $38.44 $79,950 3.0 %
11-3040 Human Resources Managers 300 0.24% $31.79 $34.53 $71,810 5.0 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 610 0.49% $30.41 $32.40 $67,390 4.1 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 150 0.12% $27.43 $27.30 $56,790 5.7 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 210 0.17% $26.89 $28.92 $60,150 4.0 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 50 0.04% $38.33 $37.52 $78,040 5.6 %
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers 30 0.02% $47.27 $48.12 $100,080 10.3 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 5,080 4.11% $20.95 $22.68 $47,180 1.8 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products (4) (4) $13.05 $13.90 $28,910 5.1 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 540 0.44% $18.57 $19.78 $41,140 2.7 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 430 0.35% $20.31 $21.65 $45,040 5.1 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 120 0.10% $18.15 $19.80 $41,180 4.5 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 80 0.06% $20.99 $22.49 $46,780 4.6 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 200 0.16% $22.46 $23.07 $47,990 4.2 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 160 0.13% $30.49 $34.20 $71,130 5.5 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 60 0.05% $18.90 $18.80 $39,090 3.2 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 1,500 1.21% $20.90 $22.73 $47,270 4.3 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 50 0.04% $16.84 $18.85 $39,200 3.9 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 190 0.15% $28.38 $30.01 $62,420 6.0 %
Computer and Mathematical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations 4,780 3.87% $25.12 $26.20 $54,500 3.1 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 660 0.53% $25.82 $26.36 $54,830 2.3 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 890 0.72% $18.04 $19.24 $40,010 3.3 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 440 0.36% $25.46 $26.00 $54,080 2.2 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 430 0.35% $27.46 $28.78 $59,870 4.0 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 570 0.46% $23.30 $24.56 $51,080 2.8 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 180 0.15% $23.43 $24.70 $51,370 2.5 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 270 0.22% $24.64 $25.27 $52,550 3.7 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 180 0.15% $26.53 $26.82 $55,780 4.4 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 880 0.71% $18.32 $20.80 $43,270 4.6 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 850 0.69% $18.33 $20.75 $43,150 4.7 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
23-0000 Legal Occupations 610 0.49% $27.19 $34.81 $72,410 14.1 %
23-1011 Lawyers 440 0.36% $26.60 $37.46 $77,910 19.1 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 40 0.03% $18.91 $19.34 $40,230 12.7 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 500 0.40% $14.39 $15.67 $32,600 5.4 %
25-4021 Librarians 80 0.06% $15.71 $16.92 $35,200 4.8 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 220 0.18% $12.67 $14.91 $31,020 11.8 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 16,940 13.71% $18.00 $20.51 $42,660 2.1 %
27-1011 Art Directors 330 0.27% $27.39 $29.90 $62,180 5.8 %
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators 200 0.16% $16.51 $18.98 $39,480 7.7 %
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators 120 0.10% $17.08 $18.25 $37,970 5.0 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 120 0.10% $20.05 $22.50 $46,810 8.3 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 2,090 1.69% $17.35 $18.35 $38,160 2.4 %
27-2012 Producers and Directors 90 0.07% (2) (2) $56,230 8.8 %
27-3010 Announcers (4) (4) $16.38 $27.75 $57,720 19.5 %
27-3020 News Analysts, Reporters and Correspondents 60 0.05% $15.04 $14.95 $31,100 6.5 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 820 0.66% $18.39 $20.10 $41,800 2.6 %
27-3041 Editors 10,820 8.76% $18.06 $20.71 $43,090 2.5 %
27-3042 Technical Writers (4) (4) $22.53 $24.04 $50,000 7.3 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 680 0.55% $16.05 $18.70 $38,890 5.0 %
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators 30 0.02% $12.14 $12.19 $25,360 8.4 %
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians 30 0.02% $11.07 $13.56 $28,200 8.4 %
27-4021 Photographers 50 0.04% $16.37 $16.92 $35,190 4.7 %
27-4031 Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Picture 30 0.02% $14.07 $14.67 $30,510 6.2 %
27-4032 Film and Video Editors (4) (4) $10.16 $12.63 $26,270 17.0 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 60 0.05% $11.51 $12.35 $25,700 6.8 %
33-9032 Security Guards 60 0.05% $11.38 $11.79 $24,520 5.4 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 40 0.03% $8.10 $8.21 $17,070 3.8 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 640 0.52% $10.10 $10.83 $22,520 2.5 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 30 0.02% $21.10 $22.75 $47,320 8.8 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 510 0.41% $9.95 $10.26 $21,330 1.9 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 30 0.02% $9.89 $10.37 $21,570 6.4 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations (4) (4) $30.81 $26.33 $54,760 21.3 %
39-6021 Tour Guides and Escorts (4) (4) $30.81 $26.33 $54,760 21.3 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 9,060 7.33% $17.99 $21.18 $44,050 2.6 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 280 0.23% $22.22 $27.53 $57,250 7.6 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 330 0.27% $28.82 $30.47 $63,380 3.0 %
41-2011 Cashiers 80 0.06% $7.21 $7.62 $15,840 3.7 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 90 0.07% $9.43 $10.48 $21,790 6.1 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents 590 0.48% $17.18 $18.95 $39,410 3.1 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 80 0.06% $21.41 $22.02 $45,790 9.3 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 4,610 3.73% $21.84 $25.23 $52,470 2.9 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 1,890 1.53% $10.33 $11.27 $23,440 3.5 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 32,030 25.92% $12.70 $13.83 $28,760 1.2 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 2,180 1.76% $20.03 $21.41 $44,540 2.5 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 280 0.23% $10.98 $11.29 $23,480 1.7 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 680 0.55% $13.82 $14.58 $30,330 2.4 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 520 0.42% $12.67 $13.46 $28,010 2.2 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 2,220 1.80% $13.03 $13.70 $28,500 1.9 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 260 0.21% $14.24 $15.27 $31,760 3.2 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 40 0.03% $12.55 $12.79 $26,610 3.1 %
43-4021 Correspondence Clerks 110 0.09% $10.26 $10.87 $22,620 8.2 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 200 0.16% $11.96 $12.52 $26,030 3.4 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 4,540 3.67% $13.25 $14.24 $29,620 1.7 %
43-4071 File Clerks 670 0.54% $11.74 $12.45 $25,900 8.5 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 860 0.70% $12.23 $12.69 $26,400 3.1 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 190 0.15% $14.35 $14.27 $29,680 2.4 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 600 0.49% $11.35 $11.65 $24,230 2.3 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 100 0.08% $9.20 $9.27 $19,290 3.2 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 30 0.02% $11.07 $12.20 $25,380 11.3 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 1,690 1.37% $14.70 $16.38 $34,060 2.8 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 2,490 2.01% $10.89 $11.46 $23,840 1.5 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 1,800 1.46% $9.94 $10.70 $22,260 5.0 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 2,670 2.16% $14.66 $15.41 $32,060 1.8 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 1,520 1.23% $13.00 $13.90 $28,920 3.0 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 700 0.57% $10.57 $11.79 $24,510 6.7 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 680 0.55% $11.79 $11.80 $24,550 3.2 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 140 0.11% $10.40 $11.40 $23,700 6.2 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 1,910 1.55% $14.14 $15.86 $32,990 3.0 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 550 0.45% $10.80 $11.26 $23,420 3.0 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 2,470 2.00% $10.52 $10.75 $22,370 1.7 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 110 0.09% $12.82 $13.73 $28,550 6.0 %
43-9081 Proofreaders and Copy Markers 1,250 1.01% $10.72 $11.61 $24,160 3.1 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 60 0.05% $20.33 $20.09 $41,790 4.1 %
47-2111 Electricians 40 0.03% $22.98 $22.00 $45,770 4.7 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 1,800 1.46% $15.90 $16.52 $34,370 2.1 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 120 0.10% $24.39 $24.27 $50,470 2.0 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 60 0.05% $12.71 $13.00 $27,030 3.2 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 150 0.12% $18.64 $18.39 $38,260 2.7 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 140 0.11% $16.37 $16.77 $34,870 3.6 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 810 0.66% $15.73 $16.12 $33,530 2.9 %
49-9098 Helpers—Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 150 0.12% $10.50 $10.46 $21,750 4.8 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
51-0000 Production Occupations 28,830 23.33% $12.99 $14.05 $29,210 1.4 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 2,140 1.73% $22.31 $23.33 $48,530 3.4 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 560 0.45% $10.04 $11.03 $22,930 5.8 %
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (4) (4) $15.76 $16.20 $33,700 2.7 %
51-4041 Machinists 60 0.05% $18.46 $18.00 $37,430 5.4 %
51-5011 Bindery Workers 7,400 5.99% $10.84 $11.92 $24,790 2.1 %
51-5012 Bookbinders 620 0.50% $12.54 $13.07 $27,180 3.9 %
51-5021 Job Printers 1,410 1.14% $13.83 $14.66 $30,490 5.1 %
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers 4,980 4.03% $13.82 $14.24 $29,610 2.9 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 5,520 4.47% $15.73 $15.89 $33,050 1.4 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators (4) (4) $9.81 $10.09 $20,980 5.7 %
51-9031 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 130 0.11% $9.92 $12.19 $25,360 13.1 %
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 430 0.35% $13.07 $13.29 $27,640 2.8 %
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 100 0.08% $13.50 $13.85 $28,800 4.2 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 710 0.57% $10.18 $10.78 $22,410 3.2 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 100 0.08% $9.02 $10.24 $21,290 3.6 %
51-9131 Photographic Process Workers 160 0.13% $14.28 $16.16 $33,610 6.7 %
51-9132 Photographic Processing Machine Operators 230 0.19% $9.11 $10.24 $21,300 5.4 %
51-9191 Cementing and Gluing Machine Operators and Tenders 90 0.07% $11.13 $11.75 $24,440 3.4 %
51-9196 Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 740 0.60% $12.57 $12.58 $26,170 3.0 %
51-9198 Helpers—Production Workers 1,750 1.42% $9.61 $9.82 $20,420 2.2 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 11,720 9.48% $10.49 $11.41 $23,740 2.9 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 300 0.24% $17.25 $18.81 $39,120 4.6 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 70 0.06% $17.74 $18.90 $39,310 6.1 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 70 0.06% $13.47 $14.20 $29,540 5.0 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light Or Delivery Services 430 0.35% $10.47 $11.30 $23,500 4.2 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 1,550 1.25% $12.31 $12.95 $26,940 2.6 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 5,040 4.08% $10.14 $11.15 $23,180 5.3 %
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 2,080 1.68% $10.74 $11.22 $23,340 7.5 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 1,860 1.51% $8.92 $9.34 $19,430 2.4 %

About 2000 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(2) = Hourly wage rates for occupations where workers typically work fewer than 2,080 hours per year are not available.

(3) = Median hourly wage is equal to or greater than $70.00 per hour.

(4) = Estimates not released due to high relative standard error.

The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.



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Industry-Specific occupational employment and wage estimates for other SIC groups:

SIC 27 - Printing, Publishing, and Allied Industries

2000 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Other OES estimates and related information:

2000 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

2000 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

2000 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

Technical notes

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Last Modified Date: November 15, 2001

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