Occupational Employment Statistics

2000 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

SIC 291 - Petroleum Refining

These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in SIC Industry Group 291 - Petroleum Refining.

SIC Industry Group 291 - Petroleum Refining is part of: SIC Major Group 29 - Petroleum Refining and Related Industries.

Links to other industry-specific estimates and cross-industry estimates

SOC Major Groups in in SIC 291 - Petroleum Refining:

SIC 291 - Petroleum Refining

Click on the SOC code number to view that occupation's definition and national cross-industry estimates.

Industry Total top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
00-0000 Industry Total 80,690 100.00% $23.73 $25.15 $52,310 2.0 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
11-0000 Management Occupations 5,690 7.05% $40.29 $41.20 $85,700 3.0 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 240 0.30% (3) $60.02 $124,830 10.0 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 590 0.73% $44.43 $44.97 $93,530 4.1 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 40 0.05% $34.22 $35.43 $73,690 9.4 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 340 0.42% $42.11 $43.08 $89,600 3.8 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 380 0.47% $37.56 $39.17 $81,460 6.1 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 60 0.07% $47.79 $45.59 $94,840 10.4 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 170 0.21% $35.32 $35.92 $74,710 6.0 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 200 0.25% $37.78 $38.24 $79,530 4.7 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 600 0.74% $40.63 $42.43 $88,240 4.6 %
11-3040 Human Resources Managers 360 0.45% $35.98 $38.02 $79,090 5.5 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 330 0.41% $38.17 $38.00 $79,040 3.8 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 120 0.15% $29.15 $32.06 $66,690 4.8 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 210 0.26% $29.35 $30.11 $62,630 3.1 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 660 0.82% $43.33 $43.59 $90,660 3.5 %
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers 30 0.04% $46.88 $48.03 $99,900 6.5 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 40 0.05% $43.35 $43.74 $90,980 5.7 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 11,880 14.72% $26.03 $27.37 $56,930 2.7 %
13-1021 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 50 0.06% $28.89 $29.30 $60,930 6.4 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products (4) (4) $20.82 $21.94 $45,630 3.0 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 390 0.48% $23.84 $25.02 $52,050 3.6 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 480 0.59% $28.72 $29.88 $62,160 2.7 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 90 0.11% $24.62 $24.28 $50,510 3.5 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 70 0.09% $24.61 $30.33 $63,090 18.0 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 130 0.16% $24.50 $27.39 $56,960 5.2 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 520 0.64% $27.48 $26.73 $55,600 3.2 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 2,990 3.71% $26.54 $27.52 $57,250 4.0 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 2,140 2.65% $22.13 $23.93 $49,770 2.0 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 60 0.07% $29.66 $30.12 $62,650 9.7 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 650 0.81% $29.80 $30.85 $64,170 3.6 %
Computer and Mathematical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations 3,840 4.76% $28.89 $29.19 $60,710 3.1 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 570 0.71% $28.53 $27.78 $57,790 3.7 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 30 0.04% $31.01 $31.09 $64,660 6.4 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 160 0.20% $23.13 $23.38 $48,630 2.8 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 2,360 2.92% $30.02 $30.30 $63,020 3.6 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 50 0.06% $24.46 $26.04 $54,160 4.3 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 120 0.15% $27.49 $27.51 $57,220 4.4 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 100 0.12% $27.74 $29.32 $60,990 5.6 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 8,030 9.95% $30.95 $31.53 $65,590 2.2 %
17-2041 Chemical Engineers 700 0.87% $34.09 $33.90 $70,520 2.0 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 200 0.25% $31.33 $31.06 $64,600 3.0 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 180 0.22% $34.12 $33.65 $70,000 2.9 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 270 0.33% $32.18 $32.10 $66,780 2.5 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 200 0.25% $28.06 $29.17 $60,660 2.8 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 940 1.16% $31.15 $31.26 $65,030 1.7 %
17-2131 Materials Engineers 70 0.09% $31.87 $31.37 $65,260 6.6 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 370 0.46% $32.30 $32.18 $66,930 2.8 %
17-2171 Petroleum Engineers 720 0.89% $39.18 $39.34 $81,830 1.5 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 70 0.09% $22.81 $22.40 $46,600 4.4 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians (4) (4) $22.34 $22.07 $45,910 4.2 %
17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technicians 100 0.12% $20.97 $22.34 $46,470 3.0 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 110 0.14% $25.25 $24.94 $51,870 9.3 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians (4) (4) $24.13 $23.33 $48,520 2.6 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 5,550 6.88% $24.70 $26.85 $55,850 3.6 %
19-2031 Chemists 630 0.78% $29.12 $29.89 $62,160 2.5 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 310 0.38% $30.32 $31.33 $65,170 1.9 %
19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers 310 0.38% $32.64 $34.53 $71,820 7.6 %
19-4021 Biological Technicians 50 0.06% $20.24 $19.74 $41,060 3.9 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 1,640 2.03% $21.98 $20.75 $43,160 6.6 %
19-4041 Geological and Petroleum Technicians 360 0.45% $22.36 $22.92 $47,680 1.7 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health 160 0.20% $24.36 $24.41 $50,780 2.5 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
23-0000 Legal Occupations 880 1.09% $46.52 $43.93 $91,380 5.5 %
23-1011 Lawyers 530 0.66% $63.42 $57.58 $119,770 6.7 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 280 0.35% $22.30 $23.07 $47,980 1.4 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 350 0.43% $23.52 $25.54 $53,130 5.7 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 80 0.10% $18.50 $19.01 $39,540 8.5 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 210 0.26% $28.64 $29.43 $61,210 5.5 %
Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations 160 0.20% $27.44 $28.00 $58,240 2.7 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 50 0.06% $24.05 $24.08 $50,080 2.8 %
29-9010 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists and Technicians (4) (4) $30.18 $29.98 $62,350 2.7 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 260 0.32% $18.91 $19.68 $40,930 4.7 %
33-2011 Fire Fighters 100 0.12% $19.56 $20.22 $42,050 5.7 %
33-9032 Security Guards 90 0.11% $14.19 $15.68 $32,610 3.6 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 110 0.14% $8.73 $9.93 $20,650 8.0 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses 30 0.04% $6.39 $8.75 $18,210 16.7 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 100 0.12% $12.89 $13.66 $28,410 8.8 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 90 0.11% $14.05 $14.01 $29,130 9.7 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 1,440 1.78% $19.35 $21.30 $44,310 3.9 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 200 0.25% $24.41 $26.39 $54,890 4.1 %
41-2011 Cashiers 90 0.11% $7.15 $7.85 $16,330 3.4 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 480 0.59% $18.35 $21.48 $44,680 7.9 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 7,920 9.82% $14.62 $15.71 $32,670 2.7 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 470 0.58% $21.39 $23.14 $48,130 3.9 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 50 0.06% $10.25 $11.24 $23,380 5.7 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 80 0.10% $11.76 $11.98 $24,910 3.3 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 810 1.00% $13.58 $14.14 $29,410 2.4 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 190 0.24% $15.21 $15.27 $31,760 3.3 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 100 0.12% $14.85 $15.21 $31,630 3.0 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 810 1.00% $14.33 $15.06 $31,320 4.2 %
43-4071 File Clerks 110 0.14% $10.56 $11.83 $24,600 5.5 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 130 0.16% $11.44 $12.48 $25,970 8.4 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 390 0.48% $15.97 $16.34 $33,980 3.2 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 210 0.26% $11.84 $12.70 $26,420 6.6 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 160 0.20% $21.01 $21.74 $45,210 5.4 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 250 0.31% $13.05 $15.14 $31,480 5.5 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 180 0.22% $15.73 $16.63 $34,600 5.1 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 1,240 1.54% $16.99 $18.19 $37,830 3.6 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 400 0.50% $13.82 $15.05 $31,310 6.0 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 80 0.10% $12.32 $12.85 $26,730 6.4 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 70 0.09% $16.52 $16.88 $35,120 6.7 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 220 0.27% $11.08 $11.35 $23,600 3.7 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 1,350 1.67% $12.56 $13.43 $27,940 4.6 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 2,800 3.47% $22.65 $21.00 $43,670 2.2 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 40 0.05% $29.12 $31.07 $64,620 10.1 %
47-2011 Boilermakers 460 0.57% $20.99 $19.24 $40,020 5.3 %
47-2031 Carpenters 140 0.17% $18.56 $18.80 $39,100 6.4 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 60 0.07% $16.55 $16.71 $34,750 11.8 %
47-2111 Electricians 820 1.02% $22.87 $21.59 $44,900 2.1 %
47-2130 Insulation Workers 60 0.07% $21.91 $20.17 $41,960 5.3 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 840 1.04% $23.71 $22.38 $46,550 2.4 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 100 0.12% $21.68 $18.48 $38,440 8.8 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 6,130 7.60% $22.61 $22.15 $46,080 1.7 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 910 1.13% $29.93 $29.14 $60,610 2.2 %
49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers 130 0.16% $23.73 $23.16 $48,170 3.5 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 160 0.20% $24.48 $23.77 $49,450 5.0 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 50 0.06% $22.42 $20.17 $41,960 4.9 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 30 0.04% $18.68 $17.19 $35,760 7.9 %
49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door 390 0.48% $23.78 $22.00 $45,750 3.3 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 2,150 2.66% $22.97 $21.69 $45,120 2.7 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 1,120 1.39% $19.59 $19.09 $39,700 2.9 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 340 0.42% $19.86 $20.00 $41,590 5.3 %
49-9096 Riggers 40 0.05% $18.23 $18.42 $38,310 9.7 %
49-9098 Helpers—Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 40 0.05% $13.77 $13.54 $28,160 5.5 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
51-0000 Production Occupations 22,400 27.76% $22.69 $21.63 $45,000 2.4 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 1,840 2.28% $29.42 $28.09 $58,420 2.9 %
51-4041 Machinists 830 1.03% $20.47 $19.41 $40,360 4.2 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 200 0.25% $22.14 $19.25 $40,050 6.7 %
51-8012 Power Distributors and Dispatchers 420 0.52% $15.43 $16.55 $34,420 14.9 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 250 0.31% $23.51 $23.33 $48,540 4.2 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 190 0.24% $22.58 $21.14 $43,970 4.2 %
51-8091 Chemical Plant and System Operators 1,630 2.02% $23.05 $20.85 $43,360 5.8 %
51-8092 Gas Plant Operators 530 0.66% $8.83 $12.92 $26,870 4.5 %
51-8093 Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, and Gaugers 14,710 18.23% $22.90 $21.91 $45,580 2.1 %
51-9011 Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders 50 0.06% $19.73 $19.78 $41,140 4.9 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 270 0.33% $8.03 $11.36 $23,630 9.4 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 680 0.84% $19.40 $19.22 $39,970 5.5 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 80 0.10% $15.06 $14.18 $29,490 6.8 %
51-9198 Helpers—Production Workers 120 0.15% $19.49 $18.18 $37,810 7.1 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 3,110 3.85% $20.16 $19.76 $41,100 3.6 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 60 0.07% $23.82 $23.13 $48,100 3.8 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 90 0.11% $24.69 $25.68 $53,400 4.6 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 900 1.12% $16.10 $16.53 $34,380 8.4 %
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators 80 0.10% $20.98 $20.35 $42,320 5.1 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 60 0.07% $15.74 $16.64 $34,610 10.3 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 240 0.30% $17.21 $16.74 $34,810 4.8 %
53-7121 Tank Car, Truck, and Ship Loaders 310 0.38% $17.74 $17.57 $36,550 4.6 %

About 2000 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) = Median hourly wage is equal to or greater than $70.00 per hour.

(4) = Estimates not released due to high relative standard error.

The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.



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Industry-Specific occupational employment and wage estimates for other SIC groups:

SIC 29 - Petroleum Refining and Related Industries

2000 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Other OES estimates and related information:

2000 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

2000 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

2000 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

Technical notes

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Last Modified Date: November 15, 2001

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