Occupational Employment Statistics

2000 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

SIC 873 - Research, Development, and Testing Services

These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in SIC Industry Group 873 - Research, Development, and Testing Services.

SIC Industry Group 873 - Research, Development, and Testing Services is part of: SIC Major Group 87 - Engineering, Accounting, Research, Management, and Related Services.

Links to other industry-specific estimates and cross-industry estimates

SOC Major Groups in in SIC 873 - Research, Development, and Testing Services:

SIC 873 - Research, Development, and Testing Services

Click on the SOC code number to view that occupation's definition and national cross-industry estimates.

Industry Total top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
00-0000 Industry Total 657,250 100.00% $19.25 $23.30 $48,450 1.3 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
11-0000 Management Occupations 81,700 12.43% $39.27 $40.62 $84,500 1.1 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 7,210 1.10% $63.66 $54.35 $113,040 2.8 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 18,540 2.82% $40.40 $42.25 $87,880 2.3 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 720 0.11% $30.32 $33.00 $68,640 4.0 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 4,360 0.66% $38.53 $39.76 $82,700 2.7 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 2,110 0.32% $40.68 $41.98 $87,310 3.2 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 1,680 0.26% $26.47 $29.95 $62,290 3.0 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 4,240 0.65% $24.80 $27.13 $56,420 2.3 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 5,030 0.77% $38.47 $39.40 $81,940 2.3 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 4,860 0.74% $38.79 $40.33 $83,890 4.4 %
11-3040 Human Resources Managers 5,190 0.79% $41.63 $40.00 $83,190 3.9 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 780 0.12% $36.80 $38.36 $79,790 6.6 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 950 0.14% $30.18 $31.20 $64,900 2.2 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 470 0.07% $23.29 $24.83 $51,650 4.6 %
11-9011 Farm, Ranch, and Other Agricultural Managers (4) (4) $16.92 $18.49 $38,460 3.4 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 390 0.06% $33.53 $34.41 $71,570 4.5 %
11-9033 Education Administrators, Postsecondary (4) (4) $31.22 $31.09 $64,660 3.0 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 7,230 1.10% $45.27 $44.94 $93,470 1.5 %
11-9051 Food Service Managers 30 0.00% $24.12 $21.42 $44,550 26.5 %
11-9081 Lodging Managers (4) (4) $12.57 $12.62 $26,260 9.6 %
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 1,470 0.22% $31.14 $34.25 $71,230 3.2 %
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers 7,420 1.13% $41.86 $42.81 $89,040 3.9 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 60 0.01% $22.65 $24.05 $50,030 10.1 %
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers 330 0.05% $19.22 $19.89 $41,370 5.6 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 54,930 8.36% $24.51 $26.90 $55,940 3.1 %
13-1021 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 40 0.01% $24.47 $23.67 $49,230 4.6 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 40 0.01% $17.67 $19.84 $41,270 2.9 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 2,530 0.38% $21.43 $22.24 $46,270 1.4 %
13-1031 Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 200 0.03% $18.37 $19.89 $41,370 7.2 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 840 0.13% $21.74 $24.82 $51,610 6.3 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 820 0.12% $25.63 $26.68 $55,480 4.7 %
13-1061 Emergency Management Specialists 230 0.03% $25.19 $25.66 $53,380 4.9 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 1,780 0.27% $15.11 $16.87 $35,080 9.9 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 660 0.10% $22.24 $23.86 $49,630 1.8 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 1,680 0.26% $23.14 $23.14 $48,130 2.2 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 8,710 1.33% $30.27 $32.78 $68,170 4.2 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 730 0.11% $18.44 $21.01 $43,710 8.9 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 5,670 0.86% $22.11 $24.17 $50,260 2.1 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 960 0.15% $23.34 $23.94 $49,790 2.5 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 1,780 0.27% $24.56 $25.69 $53,440 2.2 %
13-2082 Tax Preparers (4) (4) $30.32 $30.31 $63,050 4.8 %
Computer and Mathematical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations 50,860 7.74% $28.09 $29.40 $61,140 1.2 %
15-1011 Computer and Information Scientists, Research 3,160 0.48% $37.77 $38.05 $79,140 3.7 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 6,720 1.02% $27.32 $28.24 $58,730 2.2 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 5,150 0.78% $32.47 $32.88 $68,390 1.9 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 5,180 0.79% $34.28 $35.57 $73,990 1.8 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 3,720 0.57% $18.71 $19.50 $40,560 1.6 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 4,240 0.65% $25.75 $26.99 $56,140 1.5 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 2,080 0.32% $22.04 $24.71 $51,390 2.8 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 3,100 0.47% $25.60 $26.99 $56,140 2.4 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 1,750 0.27% $24.32 $25.80 $53,660 2.2 %
15-2011 Actuaries (4) (4) $30.00 $27.23 $56,630 14.7 %
15-2021 Mathematicians 610 0.09% $36.89 $35.85 $74,570 5.3 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 910 0.14% $23.10 $24.21 $50,350 3.3 %
15-2041 Statisticians 2,390 0.36% $27.25 $29.17 $60,660 2.9 %
15-2091 Mathematical Technicians (4) (4) $17.29 $18.25 $37,970 5.3 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 68,700 10.45% $26.39 $28.12 $58,490 2.4 %
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval 90 0.01% $27.73 $29.04 $60,410 5.1 %
17-1021 Cartographers and Photogrammetrists 100 0.02% $19.83 $21.02 $43,730 8.1 %
17-1022 Surveyors (4) (4) $26.29 $22.89 $47,610 7.3 %
17-2011 Aerospace Engineers 2,730 0.42% $33.47 $34.92 $72,640 4.0 %
17-2021 Agricultural Engineers (4) (4) $32.98 $33.79 $70,280 12.5 %
17-2031 Biomedical Engineers 860 0.13% $32.74 $35.09 $73,000 4.2 %
17-2041 Chemical Engineers 1,400 0.21% $35.82 $36.26 $75,430 3.5 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 1,630 0.25% $27.46 $29.18 $60,680 3.4 %
17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers 2,170 0.33% $34.40 $36.24 $75,390 5.0 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 6,550 1.00% $33.06 $33.56 $69,810 3.1 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 2,780 0.42% $33.61 $34.76 $72,310 3.6 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 1,970 0.30% $25.61 $28.02 $58,270 5.9 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 1,750 0.27% $24.31 $27.97 $58,180 5.8 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 2,320 0.35% $32.25 $32.00 $66,550 3.5 %
17-2131 Materials Engineers 1,490 0.23% $31.28 $31.31 $65,130 2.8 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 5,780 0.88% $31.50 $32.35 $67,290 2.0 %
17-2151 Mining and Geological Engineers, Including Mining Safety Engineers (4) (4) $20.68 $24.31 $50,570 7.8 %
17-2161 Nuclear Engineers 2,200 0.33% $40.37 $41.01 $85,300 4.0 %
17-2171 Petroleum Engineers 160 0.02% $28.44 $31.70 $65,930 7.4 %
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters 340 0.05% $17.46 $17.77 $36,960 4.5 %
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters 250 0.04% $20.85 $22.41 $46,620 5.9 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 810 0.12% $21.62 $21.81 $45,370 2.9 %
17-3021 Aerospace Engineering and Operations Technicians 780 0.12% $23.48 $26.22 $54,530 11.1 %
17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians 1,980 0.30% $12.97 $13.87 $28,850 3.6 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 6,350 0.97% $19.58 $20.23 $42,070 2.5 %
17-3024 Electro-Mechanical Technicians 2,000 0.30% $18.88 $19.43 $40,410 4.6 %
17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technicians 1,950 0.30% $14.69 $15.34 $31,900 2.4 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 780 0.12% $14.27 $14.19 $29,500 4.1 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 3,610 0.55% $18.86 $19.60 $40,760 2.9 %
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 400 0.06% $9.48 $10.39 $21,600 9.2 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 143,850 21.89% $18.74 $22.58 $46,980 2.0 %
19-1010 Agricultural and Food Scientists 960 0.15% $23.47 $25.35 $52,730 4.6 %
19-1021 Biochemists and Biophysicists 5,030 0.77% $26.97 $28.64 $59,570 2.4 %
19-1022 Microbiologists 2,910 0.44% $22.02 $24.64 $51,260 3.6 %
19-1023 Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists 1,580 0.24% $14.31 $17.22 $35,810 5.5 %
19-1031 Conservation Scientists 130 0.02% $16.21 $21.78 $45,290 8.7 %
19-1041 Epidemiologists 340 0.05% $32.79 $33.87 $70,450 3.6 %
19-1042 Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists 16,530 2.52% $28.54 $32.16 $66,890 5.9 %
19-2011 Astronomers 460 0.07% $25.42 $29.17 $60,670 4.2 %
19-2012 Physicists 3,610 0.55% $40.48 $39.97 $83,130 4.7 %
19-2021 Atmospheric and Space Scientists 1,850 0.28% $29.31 $30.08 $62,570 2.9 %
19-2031 Chemists 17,860 2.72% $20.11 $23.35 $48,570 4.5 %
19-2032 Materials Scientists 1,980 0.30% $26.52 $30.11 $62,620 6.1 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 3,820 0.58% $21.26 $23.91 $49,730 3.3 %
19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers 940 0.14% $25.11 $27.60 $57,400 7.0 %
19-2043 Hydrologists 150 0.02% $28.82 $28.33 $58,930 3.2 %
19-3011 Economists 2,480 0.38% $44.54 $45.84 $95,360 14.9 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 8,620 1.31% $20.99 $24.59 $51,140 7.8 %
19-3022 Survey Researchers 11,720 1.78% $9.03 $11.31 $23,530 3.5 %
19-3031 Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists 30 0.00% $31.50 $31.28 $65,060 8.8 %
19-3032 Industrial-Organizational Psychologists 130 0.02% $31.17 $33.73 $70,150 5.7 %
19-3041 Sociologists 600 0.09% $24.94 $26.96 $56,080 6.5 %
19-3051 Urban and Regional Planners 100 0.02% $29.55 $30.00 $62,400 11.2 %
19-3091 Anthropologists and Archeologists 1,560 0.24% $13.94 $15.24 $31,700 3.2 %
19-3093 Historians 180 0.03% $17.48 $17.11 $35,590 2.7 %
19-3094 Political Scientists 800 0.12% $41.09 $39.10 $81,320 7.4 %
19-4011 Agricultural and Food Science Technicians 3,490 0.53% $13.12 $14.60 $30,370 7.3 %
19-4021 Biological Technicians 17,040 2.59% $15.83 $16.55 $34,410 1.1 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 13,070 1.99% $12.95 $13.68 $28,440 2.2 %
19-4041 Geological and Petroleum Technicians 1,020 0.16% $16.10 $15.97 $33,210 6.9 %
19-4051 Nuclear Technicians 570 0.09% $22.67 $24.05 $50,030 7.4 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health 4,050 0.62% $13.90 $15.13 $31,480 3.8 %
19-4092 Forensic Science Technicians 120 0.02% $17.79 $18.63 $38,760 5.9 %
19-4093 Forest and Conservation Technicians 170 0.03% $11.18 $11.90 $24,750 3.8 %
Community and Social Services Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 2,920 0.44% $15.45 $16.83 $35,000 6.6 %
21-1011 Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors (4) (4) $13.72 $14.38 $29,920 4.0 %
21-1014 Mental Health Counselors 40 0.01% $17.36 $17.80 $37,030 9.8 %
21-1021 Child, Family, and School Social Workers 70 0.01% $16.02 $17.07 $35,500 4.7 %
21-1022 Medical and Public Health Social Workers 310 0.05% $17.49 $18.79 $39,080 3.9 %
21-1091 Health Educators (4) (4) $20.31 $21.17 $44,030 4.8 %
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants 280 0.04% $13.84 $14.71 $30,600 8.6 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
23-0000 Legal Occupations 1,740 0.26% $34.61 $37.78 $78,590 3.0 %
23-1011 Lawyers 1,130 0.17% $45.55 $45.53 $94,710 5.0 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 220 0.03% $21.11 $22.54 $46,890 3.9 %
23-2092 Law Clerks (4) (4) $16.63 $18.11 $37,680 5.5 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 5,890 0.90% $20.44 $24.61 $51,200 13.3 %
25-1051 Atmospheric, Earth, Marine, and Space Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 140 0.02% (2) (2) $80,280 7.4 %
25-1071 Health Specialties Teachers, Postsecondary (4) (4) (2) (2) $59,440 4.9 %
25-1191 Graduate Teaching Assistants (4) (4) (2) (2) $35,940 11.2 %
25-3011 Adult Literacy, Remedial Education, and Ged Teachers and Instructors 80 0.01% $13.12 $16.74 $34,810 9.6 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 130 0.02% $11.74 $15.25 $31,720 12.2 %
25-4010 Archivists, Curators, and Museum Technicians 200 0.03% $18.26 $20.10 $41,800 6.0 %
25-4021 Librarians 960 0.15% $21.22 $21.57 $44,860 2.4 %
25-4031 Library Technicians 120 0.02% $13.12 $14.06 $29,240 5.9 %
25-9021 Farm and Home Management Advisors 50 0.01% $21.22 $21.51 $44,730 2.8 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 1,130 0.17% $20.09 $21.74 $45,220 3.2 %
25-9041 Teacher Assistants 40 0.01% (2) (2) $21,740 5.5 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 8,720 1.33% $20.15 $21.46 $44,630 1.9 %
27-1011 Art Directors (4) (4) $40.15 $39.54 $82,240 5.1 %
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators 100 0.02% $18.57 $21.90 $45,550 11.7 %
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators 300 0.05% $18.64 $19.00 $39,520 3.6 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 640 0.10% $22.03 $25.05 $52,100 7.3 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 1,340 0.20% $19.92 $20.69 $43,040 2.0 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 1,600 0.24% $20.60 $22.43 $46,660 3.5 %
27-3041 Editors 1,310 0.20% $20.28 $21.28 $44,250 3.6 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 1,540 0.23% $21.14 $21.97 $45,700 2.6 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 610 0.09% $23.14 $23.77 $49,440 3.5 %
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators 30 0.00% $15.92 $17.78 $36,990 9.4 %
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians 80 0.01% $13.93 $16.65 $34,630 10.0 %
27-4021 Photographers 80 0.01% $18.05 $18.78 $39,060 6.4 %
Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations 15,030 2.29% $19.13 $21.84 $45,430 4.9 %
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists 100 0.02% $21.45 $21.01 $43,710 4.0 %
29-1051 Pharmacists 30 0.00% $31.27 $31.66 $65,850 5.3 %
29-1062 Family and General Practitioners 40 0.01% $62.44 $59.19 $123,120 8.1 %
29-1066 Psychiatrists (4) (4) $51.63 $49.77 $103,520 6.5 %
29-1071 Physician Assistants 230 0.03% $32.75 $32.89 $68,420 3.4 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 4,010 0.61% $23.67 $24.04 $50,010 2.5 %
29-1123 Physical Therapists (4) (4) $24.52 $24.24 $50,410 4.4 %
29-1124 Radiation Therapists 40 0.01% $24.28 $29.00 $60,320 17.2 %
29-1131 Veterinarians 60 0.01% $30.11 $26.27 $54,650 15.1 %
29-2011 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 1,240 0.19% $20.20 $20.72 $43,100 2.4 %
29-2012 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 3,250 0.49% $13.33 $14.11 $29,340 4.1 %
29-2031 Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians 60 0.01% $17.14 $18.49 $38,450 5.9 %
29-2033 Nuclear Medicine Technologists 90 0.01% $20.49 $21.54 $44,800 6.5 %
29-2034 Radiologic Technologists and Technicians 430 0.07% $15.26 $16.26 $33,830 13.1 %
29-2041 Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics (4) (4) $11.63 $12.42 $25,840 2.6 %
29-2051 Dietetic Technicians 50 0.01% $9.87 $11.06 $23,000 7.7 %
29-2056 Veterinary Technologists and Technicians 170 0.03% $13.23 $12.98 $27,000 3.6 %
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses 330 0.05% $17.01 $18.05 $37,550 5.1 %
29-2071 Medical Records and Health Information Technicians 310 0.05% $13.59 $14.02 $29,150 5.0 %
29-9010 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists and Technicians 430 0.07% $21.31 $22.97 $47,780 4.3 %
Healthcare Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 6,480 0.99% $11.41 $11.88 $24,710 3.7 %
31-1012 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 470 0.07% $12.29 $12.34 $25,670 5.9 %
31-9092 Medical Assistants 1,510 0.23% $13.28 $13.44 $27,960 2.6 %
31-9093 Medical Equipment Preparers 370 0.06% $10.07 $10.59 $22,040 6.1 %
31-9094 Medical Transcriptionists 60 0.01% $15.14 $15.26 $31,750 3.4 %
31-9096 Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers 2,260 0.34% $11.47 $12.10 $25,160 3.5 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 2,260 0.34% $12.82 $14.67 $30,510 4.3 %
33-2021 Fire Inspectors and Investigators (4) (4) $39.26 $38.25 $79,560 4.3 %
33-9032 Security Guards 1,590 0.24% $11.42 $12.39 $25,770 5.2 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 330 0.05% $9.57 $10.15 $21,110 5.9 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 70 0.01% $9.18 $9.13 $18,990 6.1 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 70 0.01% $9.09 $9.17 $19,080 8.1 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 80 0.01% $6.92 $8.61 $17,910 9.7 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 3,990 0.61% $9.72 $10.79 $22,450 2.1 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 240 0.04% $16.62 $16.96 $35,290 3.9 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 90 0.01% $19.17 $21.18 $44,050 7.8 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 2,220 0.34% $9.56 $10.23 $21,270 2.6 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 770 0.12% $8.21 $8.79 $18,290 5.1 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 350 0.05% $11.02 $11.76 $24,460 5.9 %
37-3012 Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation (4) (4) $6.71 $7.82 $16,270 5.9 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 1,900 0.29% $6.72 $8.83 $18,360 7.8 %
39-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service Workers 60 0.01% $15.80 $16.70 $34,740 9.5 %
39-2011 Animal Trainers 100 0.02% $12.95 $15.47 $32,170 9.9 %
39-2021 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers 910 0.14% $6.74 $8.56 $17,810 10.5 %
39-6021 Tour Guides and Escorts (4) (4) $7.83 $8.38 $17,430 7.8 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 14,060 2.14% $15.21 $19.43 $40,420 4.4 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 130 0.02% $15.24 $20.35 $42,320 10.5 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 980 0.15% $17.75 $23.71 $49,320 9.1 %
41-2011 Cashiers (4) (4) $7.93 $8.13 $16,910 5.2 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 170 0.03% $10.28 $12.45 $25,900 15.6 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents 120 0.02% $18.82 $22.46 $46,710 10.6 %
41-3041 Travel Agents (4) (4) $14.32 $15.50 $32,240 8.3 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 2,680 0.41% $25.83 $28.58 $59,450 4.3 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 930 0.14% $19.51 $23.34 $48,540 6.8 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters (4) (4) $7.31 $9.51 $19,780 18.9 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers 1,050 0.16% $27.81 $30.51 $63,450 4.4 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 4,320 0.66% $8.63 $9.31 $19,370 3.0 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 146,800 22.34% $11.88 $12.95 $26,930 1.3 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 8,570 1.30% $18.21 $19.44 $40,430 2.5 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 940 0.14% $10.62 $11.10 $23,080 3.5 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 2,120 0.32% $11.87 $12.73 $26,470 6.0 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 1,130 0.17% $12.67 $13.59 $28,270 4.7 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 5,900 0.90% $14.07 $14.42 $30,000 2.2 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 720 0.11% $14.53 $14.80 $30,790 1.5 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 620 0.09% $15.03 $15.55 $32,350 3.9 %
43-4021 Correspondence Clerks 230 0.03% $12.91 $13.02 $27,090 4.9 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 4,300 0.65% $12.63 $14.03 $29,170 3.5 %
43-4071 File Clerks 1,120 0.17% $9.24 $10.46 $21,760 4.1 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan 40,030 6.09% $8.32 $8.98 $18,670 1.4 %
43-4121 Library Assistants, Clerical 60 0.01% $13.51 $13.59 $28,270 5.6 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 770 0.12% $12.53 $13.36 $27,790 4.0 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 1,280 0.19% $14.70 $14.95 $31,090 1.4 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 4,100 0.62% $10.83 $11.12 $23,130 1.6 %
43-4181 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks 50 0.01% $12.69 $14.12 $29,370 9.2 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 620 0.09% $8.79 $9.48 $19,720 2.9 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 70 0.01% $11.41 $11.75 $24,440 6.8 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 2,440 0.37% $14.60 $15.73 $32,710 3.2 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 820 0.12% $12.05 $12.97 $26,980 2.7 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 650 0.10% $12.01 $12.44 $25,870 3.3 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 1,580 0.24% $10.65 $11.20 $23,290 3.5 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 20,540 3.13% $16.85 $17.55 $36,500 0.9 %
43-6012 Legal Secretaries 50 0.01% $20.35 $20.12 $41,860 3.0 %
43-6013 Medical Secretaries (4) (4) $11.63 $11.47 $23,860 3.7 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 13,920 2.12% $13.78 $14.21 $29,560 1.8 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 1,450 0.22% $13.81 $14.13 $29,380 2.1 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 4,970 0.76% $9.85 $10.13 $21,080 2.6 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 2,290 0.35% $13.30 $13.33 $27,720 2.3 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 180 0.03% $17.46 $18.16 $37,760 4.3 %
43-9041 Insurance Claims and Policy Processing Clerks (4) (4) $13.05 $13.75 $28,600 6.5 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 1,390 0.21% $9.93 $10.36 $21,550 3.4 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 15,240 2.32% $11.42 $11.99 $24,950 1.5 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 480 0.07% $13.02 $14.62 $30,410 8.1 %
43-9081 Proofreaders and Copy Markers 370 0.06% $13.19 $13.78 $28,650 4.1 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants 2,480 0.38% $13.94 $14.09 $29,300 4.7 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 1,250 0.19% $8.28 $9.63 $20,030 8.9 %
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers 70 0.01% $17.73 $18.43 $38,340 6.5 %
45-2041 Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products (4) (4) $8.37 $9.15 $19,030 4.2 %
45-2091 Agricultural Equipment Operators 30 0.00% $10.88 $11.05 $22,980 3.3 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 300 0.05% $8.14 $8.92 $18,560 7.1 %
45-2093 Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals (4) (4) $7.33 $7.55 $15,710 3.3 %
45-4011 Forest and Conservation Workers (4) (4) $8.82 $8.56 $17,810 9.3 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 7,930 1.21% $17.54 $17.51 $36,410 2.8 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 680 0.10% $23.62 $23.15 $48,150 5.9 %
47-2031 Carpenters 300 0.05% $19.38 $19.56 $40,690 2.9 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 120 0.02% $10.01 $10.17 $21,160 7.7 %
47-2111 Electricians 1,190 0.18% $19.45 $19.63 $40,830 2.5 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 300 0.05% $18.56 $18.16 $37,770 3.1 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 790 0.12% $18.71 $18.01 $37,460 4.5 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 90 0.01% $18.75 $19.80 $41,190 8.9 %
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors 2,400 0.37% $16.12 $17.35 $36,080 5.9 %
47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 930 0.14% $14.99 $15.83 $32,920 7.1 %
47-5021 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas 310 0.05% $13.50 $13.51 $28,100 2.8 %
47-5081 Helpers—Extraction Workers 130 0.02% $10.13 $10.08 $20,970 3.7 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 8,230 1.25% $17.39 $17.94 $37,310 2.3 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 330 0.05% $22.03 $23.63 $49,160 4.1 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 210 0.03% $17.16 $17.54 $36,480 4.5 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers (4) (4) $19.73 $20.03 $41,670 5.9 %
49-2091 Avionics Technicians 50 0.01% $24.32 $23.93 $49,770 9.7 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 1,170 0.18% $19.18 $18.77 $39,050 3.3 %
49-3011 Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians 50 0.01% $27.51 $29.22 $60,780 7.4 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics (4) (4) $15.69 $16.34 $33,980 5.3 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 310 0.05% $19.73 $20.48 $42,590 6.6 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 260 0.04% $19.91 $19.83 $41,250 8.0 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 3,420 0.52% $15.18 $15.79 $32,850 2.3 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 130 0.02% $18.89 $18.68 $38,860 5.7 %
49-9044 Millwrights (4) (4) $14.00 $17.41 $36,220 21.7 %
49-9062 Medical Equipment Repairers (4) (4) $36.54 $30.34 $63,110 19.9 %
49-9098 Helpers—Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 60 0.01% $9.69 $9.95 $20,700 4.5 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
51-0000 Production Occupations 24,300 3.70% $14.01 $15.16 $31,540 2.2 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 820 0.12% $20.14 $21.49 $44,690 3.9 %
51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 450 0.07% $12.37 $12.55 $26,100 4.5 %
51-2023 Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers 120 0.02% $12.01 $13.96 $29,040 6.0 %
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters 40 0.01% $19.32 $19.72 $41,010 6.5 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 460 0.07% $11.68 $11.72 $24,380 3.0 %
51-4041 Machinists 2,250 0.34% $17.89 $17.67 $36,760 3.2 %
51-4061 Model Makers, Metal and Plastic (4) (4) $25.00 $24.54 $51,040 3.7 %
51-4081 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 30 0.00% $18.16 $17.47 $36,330 4.5 %
51-4111 Tool and Die Makers 50 0.01% $24.17 $23.70 $49,300 3.2 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 620 0.09% $16.29 $16.70 $34,730 2.5 %
51-5011 Bindery Workers (4) (4) $12.32 $12.48 $25,960 5.8 %
51-5021 Job Printers (4) (4) $16.49 $22.37 $46,530 16.3 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 40 0.01% $13.10 $13.70 $28,500 6.1 %
51-8013 Power Plant Operators (4) (4) $11.68 $13.52 $28,130 12.3 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 940 0.14% $19.25 $19.48 $40,520 5.0 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 90 0.01% $11.08 $11.15 $23,190 2.8 %
51-8093 Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, and Gaugers 30 0.00% $11.10 $11.13 $23,160 5.4 %
51-9011 Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders (4) (4) $18.65 $19.53 $40,620 4.6 %
51-9021 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 190 0.03% $8.43 $10.53 $21,900 9.3 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (4) (4) $12.09 $13.93 $28,970 18.0 %
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (4) (4) $9.96 $10.31 $21,450 5.3 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 9,860 1.50% $13.64 $14.87 $30,920 3.8 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 120 0.02% $11.72 $12.64 $26,300 3.7 %
51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers (4) (4) $8.77 $8.46 $17,590 7.3 %
51-9131 Photographic Process Workers (4) (4) $12.84 $14.28 $29,710 11.4 %
51-9198 Helpers—Production Workers (4) (4) $8.34 $8.46 $17,600 3.8 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 5,380 0.82% $9.80 $11.10 $23,080 4.1 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 120 0.02% $17.17 $17.24 $35,870 7.0 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 90 0.01% $13.08 $14.91 $31,020 7.0 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 60 0.01% $9.93 $10.26 $21,330 3.9 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 500 0.08% $15.07 $15.17 $31,560 4.0 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light Or Delivery Services 920 0.14% $9.97 $10.64 $22,140 3.0 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 60 0.01% $13.29 $13.92 $28,950 7.3 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 170 0.03% $11.95 $12.03 $25,020 2.9 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment (4) (4) $7.59 $8.14 $16,930 2.7 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 1,320 0.20% $9.32 $10.00 $20,800 4.0 %

About 2000 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(2) = Hourly wage rates for occupations where workers typically work fewer than 2,080 hours per year are not available.

(4) = Estimates not released due to high relative standard error.

The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.



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Industry-Specific occupational employment and wage estimates for other SIC groups:

SIC 87 - Engineering, Accounting, Research, Management, and Related Services

2000 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Other OES estimates and related information:

2000 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

2000 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

2000 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

Technical notes

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Last Modified Date: November 15, 2001

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