Occupational Employment Statistics

2001 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Production Occupations

SOC major groups

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry divisions in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia. These and other data elements, including the 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages are available in the downloadable excel files. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

Click on the SOC Code Number to view that occupation's definition, additional wage estimates, and relative standard error (RSE) estimates.

Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 11,270,210 $11.81 $13.27 $27,600 0.2 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 733,410 $20.19 $21.51 $44,740 0.2 %
51-2011 Aircraft Structure, Surfaces, Rigging, and Systems Assemblers 33,620 $17.88 $17.53 $36,460 3.1 %
51-2021 Coil Winders, Tapers, and Finishers 43,900 $10.62 $11.41 $23,740 0.9 %
51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 302,530 $10.71 $11.49 $23,900 0.6 %
51-2023 Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers 63,930 $11.87 $12.54 $26,080 1.1 %
51-2031 Engine and Other Machine Assemblers 55,820 $13.51 $14.24 $29,610 1.8 %
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters 90,480 $13.46 $14.06 $29,240 0.7 %
51-2091 Fiberglass Laminators and Fabricators 41,520 $11.44 $12.14 $25,260 1.2 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 1,189,840 $10.70 $11.66 $24,250 0.7 %
51-2093 Timing Device Assemblers, Adjusters, and Calibrators 8,550 $11.32 $12.33 $25,640 2.1 %
51-3011 Bakers 154,410 $9.83 $10.49 $21,830 0.5 %
51-3021 Butchers and Meat Cutters 135,630 $11.92 $12.74 $26,500 0.6 %
51-3022 Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers 156,670 $8.34 $8.80 $18,310 0.7 %
51-3023 Slaughterers and Meat Packers 117,490 $9.60 $9.62 $20,010 0.7 %
51-3091 Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders 18,720 $11.16 $12.24 $25,450 2.8 %
51-3092 Food Batchmakers 70,540 $10.43 $11.10 $23,090 0.8 %
51-3093 Food Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders 34,910 $10.30 $10.93 $22,730 1.4 %
51-4011 Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic 140,540 $13.65 $14.26 $29,670 0.5 %
51-4012 Numerical Tool and Process Control Programmers 20,800 $17.93 $18.67 $38,830 0.9 %
51-4021 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 102,320 $12.10 $12.44 $25,870 0.6 %
51-4022 Forging Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 49,760 $12.44 $13.57 $28,230 1.6 %
51-4023 Rolling Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 45,090 $13.30 $13.86 $28,830 1.0 %
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 296,070 $11.58 $12.17 $25,320 0.4 %
51-4032 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 58,060 $12.82 $13.64 $28,360 0.9 %
51-4033 Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 107,300 $12.28 $13.03 $27,110 0.6 %
51-4034 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 75,650 $14.24 $14.72 $30,630 0.7 %
51-4035 Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 32,680 $13.82 $14.44 $30,020 0.8 %
51-4041 Machinists 390,090 $15.43 $15.81 $32,880 0.3 %
51-4051 Metal-Refining Furnace Operators and Tenders 19,060 $14.37 $14.86 $30,910 0.8 %
51-4052 Pourers and Casters, Metal 14,580 $13.27 $14.01 $29,130 1.1 %
51-4061 Model Makers, Metal and Plastic 8,990 $17.68 $18.05 $37,540 2.8 %
51-4062 Patternmakers, Metal and Plastic 6,840 $15.74 $16.66 $34,640 2.0 %
51-4071 Foundry Mold and Coremakers 26,170 $12.29 $12.99 $27,020 1.5 %
51-4072 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 149,000 $10.74 $11.78 $24,500 0.9 %
51-4081 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 101,500 $13.42 $14.58 $30,320 2.0 %
51-4111 Tool and Die Makers 112,960 $20.01 $20.40 $42,430 0.6 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 382,400 $13.70 $14.55 $30,260 0.4 %
51-4122 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 60,810 $13.57 $14.80 $30,780 1.7 %
51-4191 Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 32,490 $13.24 $13.87 $28,840 1.2 %
51-4192 Lay-Out Workers, Metal and Plastic 14,100 $14.70 $15.66 $32,570 1.4 %
51-4193 Plating and Coating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 45,940 $11.93 $12.50 $25,990 0.6 %
51-4194 Tool Grinders, Filers, and Sharpeners 25,410 $13.77 $14.52 $30,200 0.8 %
51-5011 Bindery Workers 93,240 $10.33 $11.37 $23,650 0.5 %
51-5012 Bookbinders 7,500 $11.86 $13.25 $27,550 2.0 %
51-5021 Job Printers 55,210 $14.05 $14.93 $31,050 1.5 %
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers 96,580 $14.80 $15.54 $32,320 0.8 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 198,710 $13.95 $14.81 $30,800 0.5 %
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 214,520 $7.86 $8.29 $17,240 0.6 %
51-6021 Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 92,730 $7.98 $8.33 $17,330 1.0 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators 308,380 $8.08 $8.68 $18,050 0.5 %
51-6041 Shoe and Leather Workers and Repairers 9,970 $8.70 $9.45 $19,650 1.5 %
51-6042 Shoe Machine Operators and Tenders 6,440 $9.24 $9.55 $19,850 1.8 %
51-6051 Sewers, Hand 22,550 $8.43 $9.29 $19,320 3.1 %
51-6052 Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers 31,580 $10.38 $11.38 $23,670 1.1 %
51-6061 Textile Bleaching and Dyeing Machine Operators and Tenders 31,650 $9.78 $9.88 $20,560 1.0 %
51-6062 Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 37,250 $9.31 $9.92 $20,630 1.2 %
51-6063 Textile Knitting and Weaving Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 57,830 $10.81 $10.91 $22,690 0.6 %
51-6064 Textile Winding, Twisting, and Drawing Out Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 68,530 $10.25 $10.65 $22,150 0.9 %
51-6091 Extruding and Forming Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Synthetic and Glass Fibers 30,370 $13.04 $13.15 $27,340 1.1 %
51-6092 Fabric and Apparel Patternmakers 12,580 $11.99 $14.63 $30,440 3.3 %
51-6093 Upholsterers 39,780 $11.80 $12.61 $26,240 1.0 %
51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 127,640 $11.30 $12.08 $25,120 0.5 %
51-7021 Furniture Finishers 32,140 $10.74 $11.40 $23,700 0.7 %
51-7031 Model Makers, Wood 4,320 $12.02 $13.59 $28,270 2.2 %
51-7032 Patternmakers, Wood 4,280 $13.79 $14.76 $30,690 2.7 %
51-7041 Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood 52,740 $10.45 $10.97 $22,810 0.6 %
51-7042 Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing 91,640 $10.38 $10.84 $22,540 0.4 %
51-8011 Nuclear Power Reactor Operators 3,310 $28.94 $29.13 $60,590 1.3 %
51-8012 Power Distributors and Dispatchers 12,840 $25.11 $25.33 $52,690 1.2 %
51-8013 Power Plant Operators 35,030 $23.34 $22.95 $47,740 0.6 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 54,330 $19.93 $20.43 $42,490 0.7 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 98,440 $15.66 $16.23 $33,760 0.6 %
51-8091 Chemical Plant and System Operators 60,340 $20.19 $20.09 $41,790 0.8 %
51-8092 Gas Plant Operators 12,600 $22.56 $22.63 $47,060 0.9 %
51-8093 Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, and Gaugers 34,540 $23.06 $22.41 $46,610 1.2 %
51-9011 Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders 53,920 $17.70 $17.91 $37,250 0.8 %
51-9012 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 35,380 $14.04 $14.52 $30,200 0.9 %
51-9021 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 46,470 $12.34 $13.02 $27,080 0.5 %
51-9022 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 44,050 $10.84 $11.88 $24,700 0.8 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 111,610 $12.91 $13.36 $27,790 0.6 %
51-9031 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 31,440 $10.46 $11.70 $24,340 1.5 %
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 76,370 $11.99 $12.50 $26,010 0.5 %
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 76,640 $12.40 $13.04 $27,120 0.9 %
51-9051 Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders 30,020 $13.46 $14.02 $29,170 0.8 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 525,540 $12.83 $14.04 $29,210 0.4 %
51-9071 Jewelers and Precious Stone and Metal Workers 29,030 $13.08 $14.37 $29,900 3.5 %
51-9081 Dental Laboratory Technicians 39,750 $13.45 $14.69 $30,550 1.2 %
51-9082 Medical Appliance Technicians 12,410 $12.43 $13.95 $29,010 4.0 %
51-9083 Ophthalmic Laboratory Technicians 34,490 $10.26 $10.87 $22,610 1.2 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 379,750 $9.98 $10.92 $22,710 0.6 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 94,050 $11.88 $12.56 $26,120 0.7 %
51-9122 Painters, Transportation Equipment 44,090 $15.55 $16.65 $34,630 1.0 %
51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers 31,770 $9.88 $10.79 $22,440 0.9 %
51-9131 Photographic Process Workers 25,420 $9.44 $10.80 $22,460 1.0 %
51-9132 Photographic Processing Machine Operators 54,500 $8.80 $9.77 $20,320 1.4 %
51-9141 Semiconductor Processors 51,060 $12.73 $13.54 $28,170 1.3 %
51-9191 Cementing and Gluing Machine Operators and Tenders 29,190 $10.85 $11.48 $23,880 0.9 %
51-9192 Cleaning, Washing, and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 18,070 $10.77 $11.70 $24,340 1.2 %
51-9193 Cooling and Freezing Equipment Operators and Tenders 7,320 $10.15 $11.26 $23,420 1.7 %
51-9194 Etchers and Engravers 10,330 $10.63 $11.98 $24,910 1.8 %
51-9195 Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic 39,450 $11.86 $12.55 $26,110 2.0 %
51-9196 Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 120,880 $13.35 $13.84 $28,780 0.9 %
51-9197 Tire Builders 13,410 $18.38 $17.23 $35,840 2.8 %
51-9198 Helpers—Production Workers 459,440 $9.13 $9.81 $20,410 0.4 %

About 2001 National, State, and Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Data for detailed occupations does not sum to the totals because the totals include data for occupations not shown separately.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.


National OES estimates by SOC major group



2001 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

2001 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

2001 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

2001 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Technical notes

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Last Modified Date: December 23, 2002

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