Occupational Employment Statistics

2001 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

SIC 73 - Business Services

These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in SIC Major Group

These and other data elements, including the 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages are available in the downloadable excel files. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

73 - Business Services.

SIC Major Group 73 - Business Services consists of:


Links to other industry-specific estimates and cross-industry estimates

SOC Major Groups in in SIC 73 - Business Services:

SIC 73 - Business Services

Click on the SOC code number to view that occupation's definition and national cross-industry estimates.

Industry Total top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 Industry Total 9,246,750 100.00% $11.05 $16.14 $33,560 0.7 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 479,780 5.19% $37.22 $39.37 $81,890 0.6 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 32,990 0.36% $62.70 $54.01 $112,330 1.4 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 157,130 1.70% $36.02 $39.63 $82,420 1.0 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 17,750 0.19% $33.57 $37.34 $77,670 3.0 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 29,890 0.32% $38.25 $39.26 $81,660 1.2 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 32,430 0.35% $36.53 $39.26 $81,660 1.4 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 4,460 0.05% $28.77 $31.44 $65,400 2.1 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 27,690 0.30% $22.85 $26.27 $54,650 1.8 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 69,640 0.75% $43.84 $44.07 $91,670 1.1 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 33,100 0.36% $34.89 $37.39 $77,770 1.4 %
11-3040 Human Resources Managers 17,910 0.19% $29.34 $31.97 $66,510 1.9 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 2,600 0.03% $33.04 $35.27 $73,360 2.4 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 4,380 0.05% $28.49 $32.65 $67,910 5.2 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 2,120 0.02% $22.13 $25.55 $53,150 3.4 %
11-9011 Farm, Ranch, and Other Agricultural Managers (6) (6) $24.56 $25.91 $53,890 4.5 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 700 0.01% $30.69 $31.29 $65,080 3.2 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 13,270 0.14% $49.67 $49.12 $102,180 2.4 %
11-9051 Food Service Managers 160 0.00% $22.28 $24.73 $51,440 8.4 %
11-9061 Funeral Directors (6) (6) $37.32 $30.76 $63,980 24.2 %
11-9071 Gaming Managers (6) (6) $49.83 $44.04 $91,610 15.1 %
11-9081 Lodging Managers 80 0.00% $20.17 $27.90 $58,040 11.2 %
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 3,320 0.04% $28.96 $31.51 $65,540 3.8 %
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers 220 0.00% $41.62 $41.54 $86,400 2.9 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 1,340 0.01% $21.79 $22.91 $47,650 7.0 %
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers 90 0.00% $18.86 $19.27 $40,070 3.9 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 304,980 3.30% $21.74 $24.63 $51,240 1.1 %
13-1011 Agents and Business Managers of Artists, Performers, and Athletes 3,460 0.04% $26.13 $27.04 $56,240 11.1 %
13-1021 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 260 0.00% $27.99 $34.23 $71,190 7.4 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 1,740 0.02% $19.30 $21.42 $44,550 3.6 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 11,950 0.13% $19.94 $21.65 $45,040 1.6 %
13-1031 Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 6,850 0.07% $19.78 $20.98 $43,650 3.4 %
13-1032 Insurance Appraisers, Auto Damage 170 0.00% $16.35 $18.29 $38,040 2.2 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 2,480 0.03% $20.17 $21.82 $45,390 4.0 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 3,970 0.04% $21.92 $24.31 $50,570 2.9 %
13-1061 Emergency Management Specialists 190 0.00% $17.36 $21.22 $44,130 5.6 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 63,820 0.69% $18.00 $22.95 $47,740 2.2 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 5,620 0.06% $20.56 $22.21 $46,200 1.8 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 20,650 0.22% $20.25 $22.38 $46,550 1.4 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 41,660 0.45% $30.13 $32.64 $67,880 3.0 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 2,220 0.02% $17.53 $19.87 $41,330 6.2 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 44,560 0.48% $21.44 $23.40 $48,660 1.1 %
13-2021 Appraisers and Assessors of Real Estate (6) (6) $36.65 $32.96 $68,550 10.2 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 2,830 0.03% $24.03 $25.72 $53,500 1.3 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 5,560 0.06% $17.73 $20.70 $43,050 5.9 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 10,720 0.12% $25.71 $27.05 $56,270 1.1 %
13-2052 Personal Financial Advisors 630 0.01% $19.98 $27.10 $56,370 12.3 %
13-2053 Insurance Underwriters 680 0.01% $19.23 $21.10 $43,890 6.2 %
13-2061 Financial Examiners 290 0.00% $24.40 $26.25 $54,600 4.4 %
13-2071 Loan Counselors 240 0.00% $14.41 $16.24 $33,770 5.9 %
13-2072 Loan Officers 1,010 0.01% $21.82 $24.88 $51,750 4.8 %
13-2082 Tax Preparers 170 0.00% $16.25 $18.01 $37,470 11.1 %
Computer and Mathematical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations 1,090,810 11.80% $29.84 $30.91 $64,290 0.7 %
15-1011 Computer and Information Scientists, Research 9,580 0.10% $37.08 $38.45 $79,980 1.9 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 235,380 2.55% $31.01 $32.05 $66,660 1.2 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 190,710 2.06% $35.13 $36.15 $75,190 0.9 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 109,250 1.18% $35.79 $36.28 $75,450 0.9 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 188,270 2.04% $18.50 $20.35 $42,330 1.6 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 158,620 1.72% $31.76 $32.79 $68,200 1.4 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 31,710 0.34% $30.74 $31.43 $65,380 1.4 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 67,700 0.73% $27.34 $28.81 $59,920 1.4 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 39,680 0.43% $29.86 $30.84 $64,150 1.6 %
15-2011 Actuaries 100 0.00% $30.63 $34.36 $71,460 7.8 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 12,230 0.13% $32.47 $33.60 $69,890 2.7 %
15-2041 Statisticians 530 0.01% $16.26 $18.78 $39,070 3.4 %
15-2091 Mathematical Technicians (6) (6) $15.31 $15.62 $32,480 2.2 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 127,750 1.38% $26.63 $28.61 $59,500 2.3 %
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval 430 0.00% $27.62 $31.50 $65,510 3.4 %
17-1021 Cartographers and Photogrammetrists 680 0.01% $18.82 $19.52 $40,600 2.9 %
17-1022 Surveyors 780 0.01% $17.54 $19.16 $39,860 5.5 %
17-2011 Aerospace Engineers 1,790 0.02% $45.63 $42.78 $88,980 2.7 %
17-2031 Biomedical Engineers 150 0.00% $31.02 $29.53 $61,420 4.7 %
17-2041 Chemical Engineers 100 0.00% $28.46 $29.89 $62,170 3.2 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 1,850 0.02% $31.52 $33.14 $68,940 4.4 %
17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers 14,140 0.15% $34.65 $35.04 $72,880 1.2 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 8,580 0.09% $36.51 $36.93 $76,800 4.6 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 3,370 0.04% $32.19 $34.00 $70,720 2.7 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 290 0.00% $29.41 $33.61 $69,920 7.6 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors (6) (6) $25.61 $26.97 $56,100 4.3 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 12,100 0.13% $28.61 $29.01 $60,340 1.8 %
17-2131 Materials Engineers (6) (6) $23.56 $22.03 $45,830 7.9 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 12,610 0.14% $38.65 $36.27 $75,430 5.6 %
17-2161 Nuclear Engineers 70 0.00% $39.32 $38.92 $80,940 3.7 %
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters 2,320 0.03% $18.34 $21.75 $45,240 8.8 %
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters 5,260 0.06% $19.40 $21.63 $44,990 2.8 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 3,160 0.03% $19.46 $21.36 $44,430 2.6 %
17-3021 Aerospace Engineering and Operations Technicians 720 0.01% $20.50 $20.65 $42,960 2.6 %
17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians 130 0.00% $12.70 $13.55 $28,180 6.8 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 16,270 0.18% $19.35 $19.70 $40,980 2.3 %
17-3024 Electro-Mechanical Technicians 2,100 0.02% $12.53 $14.70 $30,580 5.6 %
17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technicians 90 0.00% $13.72 $15.43 $32,090 5.7 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 4,240 0.05% $32.98 $31.29 $65,090 2.7 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 2,960 0.03% $19.67 $20.37 $42,360 2.0 %
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 2,530 0.03% $12.86 $14.65 $30,470 4.1 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 59,330 0.64% $17.27 $20.50 $42,630 3.8 %
19-1021 Biochemists and Biophysicists 380 0.00% $37.63 $39.03 $81,180 9.4 %
19-1022 Microbiologists 180 0.00% $19.01 $20.36 $42,350 7.6 %
19-1041 Epidemiologists 90 0.00% $27.57 $28.68 $59,660 11.1 %
19-1042 Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists 120 0.00% $26.80 $29.58 $61,530 7.4 %
19-2021 Atmospheric and Space Scientists 270 0.00% $30.16 $28.73 $59,760 8.9 %
19-2031 Chemists 1,190 0.01% $19.14 $21.75 $45,240 3.8 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 80 0.00% $19.40 $19.76 $41,110 3.1 %
19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers 240 0.00% $20.50 $23.34 $48,540 5.1 %
19-3011 Economists 140 0.00% $27.95 $29.45 $61,250 5.6 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 16,220 0.18% $28.74 $30.21 $62,840 3.1 %
19-3022 Survey Researchers 5,580 0.06% $20.82 $21.08 $43,850 7.4 %
19-3031 Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists 350 0.00% $24.24 $23.89 $49,690 2.6 %
19-3051 Urban and Regional Planners 40 0.00% $21.96 $21.44 $44,600 16.2 %
19-4011 Agricultural and Food Science Technicians 270 0.00% $13.27 $13.98 $29,080 3.4 %
19-4021 Biological Technicians 420 0.00% $16.82 $17.95 $37,330 2.9 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 1,520 0.02% $17.14 $17.71 $36,850 4.0 %
19-4041 Geological and Petroleum Technicians 140 0.00% $14.27 $16.88 $35,100 13.2 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health 200 0.00% $17.54 $17.24 $35,850 8.5 %
Community and Social Services Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 2,990 0.03% $11.70 $13.23 $27,510 6.2 %
21-1011 Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors 110 0.00% $15.34 $15.17 $31,550 4.6 %
21-1012 Educational, Vocational, and School Counselors 120 0.00% $11.22 $14.26 $29,670 12.9 %
21-1014 Mental Health Counselors (6) (6) $19.15 $18.00 $37,430 11.9 %
21-1015 Rehabilitation Counselors (6) (6) $13.69 $15.13 $31,480 5.3 %
21-1021 Child, Family, and School Social Workers 150 0.00% $12.62 $14.89 $30,960 7.5 %
21-1022 Medical and Public Health Social Workers 220 0.00% $18.65 $19.65 $40,860 4.3 %
21-1023 Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers 180 0.00% $12.67 $16.09 $33,470 17.3 %
21-1091 Health Educators 50 0.00% $19.92 $21.45 $44,620 5.7 %
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants 460 0.00% $9.50 $10.90 $22,660 4.7 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 15,350 0.17% $22.32 $27.48 $57,150 3.0 %
23-1011 Lawyers 3,660 0.04% $48.35 $47.66 $99,130 2.7 %
23-1022 Arbitrators, Mediators, and Conciliators (6) (6) $13.92 $21.86 $45,470 16.8 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 5,180 0.06% $21.11 $21.35 $44,400 1.9 %
23-2091 Court Reporters 3,830 0.04% $16.92 $20.06 $41,720 4.7 %
23-2092 Law Clerks 200 0.00% $13.56 $15.34 $31,900 4.3 %
23-2093 Title Examiners, Abstractors, and Searchers 540 0.01% $10.63 $12.36 $25,710 6.7 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 10,030 0.11% $13.37 $16.26 $33,820 4.3 %
25-1021 Computer Science Teachers, Postsecondary (6) (6) (4) (4) $54,720 10.5 %
25-1194 Vocational Education Teachers, Postsecondary (6) (6) $24.37 $22.61 $47,020 5.8 %
25-2011 Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education 660 0.01% $9.04 $9.96 $20,720 4.0 %
25-2021 Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education 200 0.00% (4) (4) $39,090 15.4 %
25-3011 Adult Literacy, Remedial Education, and Ged Teachers and Instructors 60 0.00% $18.48 $24.10 $50,130 16.3 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 530 0.01% $12.46 $13.40 $27,870 5.3 %
25-4010 Archivists, Curators, and Museum Technicians 80 0.00% $15.49 $16.05 $33,390 3.0 %
25-4021 Librarians 410 0.00% $20.87 $21.68 $45,100 2.9 %
25-4031 Library Technicians 240 0.00% $11.84 $11.92 $24,790 6.7 %
25-9011 Audio-Visual Collections Specialists 40 0.00% $8.97 $11.29 $23,480 11.4 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 480 0.01% $24.09 $23.58 $49,050 4.7 %
25-9041 Teacher Assistants 950 0.01% (4) (4) $19,690 5.6 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 194,410 2.10% $19.89 $22.55 $46,910 1.1 %
27-1011 Art Directors 11,550 0.12% $31.40 $33.81 $70,320 1.6 %
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators 960 0.01% $17.69 $20.41 $42,450 4.5 %
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators 15,800 0.17% $21.33 $23.35 $48,570 2.1 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 4,080 0.04% $26.86 $28.24 $58,730 6.2 %
27-1022 Fashion Designers 50 0.00% $18.71 $24.13 $50,200 4.9 %
27-1023 Floral Designers 1,480 0.02% $12.45 $15.07 $31,340 18.4 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 55,330 0.60% $18.75 $21.04 $43,770 2.1 %
27-1025 Interior Designers 7,030 0.08% $18.98 $22.01 $45,770 6.8 %
27-1026 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 7,080 0.08% $10.10 $10.84 $22,550 3.5 %
27-1027 Set and Exhibit Designers 1,350 0.01% $17.45 $18.14 $37,720 3.4 %
27-2011 Actors 1,060 0.01% (4) (4) $20,300 6.1 %
27-2012 Producers and Directors 4,950 0.05% (4) (4) $60,670 3.3 %
27-2021 Athletes and Sports Competitors 70 0.00% (4) (4) $61,950 17.3 %
27-2022 Coaches and Scouts (6) (6) (4) (4) $25,350 17.6 %
27-2041 Music Directors and Composers (6) (6) (4) (4) $47,680 22.3 %
27-2042 Musicians and Singers 50 0.00% (4) (4) $26,890 4.0 %
27-3010 Announcers 550 0.01% $11.46 $12.94 $26,910 5.9 %
27-3020 News Analysts, Reporters and Correspondents 2,360 0.03% $20.34 $20.07 $41,740 2.8 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 10,200 0.11% $20.79 $22.68 $47,180 2.3 %
27-3041 Editors 10,360 0.11% $21.13 $23.75 $49,390 3.0 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 16,760 0.18% $25.23 $26.46 $55,050 1.3 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 8,480 0.09% $23.19 $25.87 $53,810 2.6 %
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators 2,890 0.03% $15.82 $18.80 $39,100 7.4 %
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians 4,460 0.05% $18.44 $22.13 $46,030 4.1 %
27-4012 Broadcast Technicians 410 0.00% $18.06 $18.29 $38,030 4.4 %
27-4013 Radio Operators (6) (6) $13.01 $13.60 $28,280 2.7 %
27-4014 Sound Engineering Technicians 670 0.01% $16.69 $20.17 $41,960 5.2 %
27-4021 Photographers 8,410 0.09% $13.72 $16.15 $33,590 4.0 %
27-4031 Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Picture 1,870 0.02% $13.33 $14.65 $30,470 4.6 %
27-4032 Film and Video Editors 450 0.00% $20.24 $20.48 $42,600 4.2 %
Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations 152,980 1.65% $21.03 $22.46 $46,710 1.2 %
29-1011 Chiropractors 50 0.00% $52.67 $48.94 $101,790 14.7 %
29-1020 Dentists 360 0.00% $51.30 $48.98 $101,870 6.5 %
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists 150 0.00% $17.04 $18.22 $37,900 4.8 %
29-1041 Optometrists 30 0.00% $39.05 $41.76 $86,850 11.6 %
29-1051 Pharmacists (6) (6) $33.21 $33.42 $69,520 2.9 %
29-1062 Family and General Practitioners 750 0.01% $57.39 $49.34 $102,630 9.6 %
29-1063 Internists, General (6) (6) $66.48 $62.61 $130,220 9.6 %
29-1071 Physician Assistants (6) (6) $32.04 $31.20 $64,900 3.1 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 80,860 0.87% $23.12 $24.23 $50,410 2.2 %
29-1122 Occupational Therapists 1,210 0.01% $25.28 $25.36 $52,750 2.7 %
29-1123 Physical Therapists 1,480 0.02% $26.45 $27.23 $56,640 2.4 %
29-1124 Radiation Therapists 40 0.00% $23.12 $24.85 $51,680 4.7 %
29-1126 Respiratory Therapists 2,590 0.03% $17.54 $17.42 $36,240 2.7 %
29-1127 Speech-Language Pathologists 450 0.00% $28.66 $29.49 $61,350 2.3 %
29-1131 Veterinarians 40 0.00% $33.15 $36.77 $76,470 10.0 %
29-2011 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 300 0.00% $20.81 $24.11 $50,140 7.0 %
29-2012 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 2,290 0.02% $13.64 $14.94 $31,070 3.0 %
29-2021 Dental Hygienists 1,560 0.02% $27.91 $28.13 $58,510 4.0 %
29-2031 Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians 60 0.00% $22.53 $22.54 $46,890 15.4 %
29-2034 Radiologic Technologists and Technicians 1,410 0.02% $20.12 $20.57 $42,780 2.8 %
29-2041 Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics 850 0.01% $11.50 $12.85 $26,720 4.3 %
29-2051 Dietetic Technicians 320 0.00% $7.89 $8.94 $18,590 7.9 %
29-2052 Pharmacy Technicians 1,100 0.01% $12.96 $12.83 $26,690 2.4 %
29-2053 Psychiatric Technicians 380 0.00% $9.36 $11.69 $24,320 10.2 %
29-2054 Respiratory Therapy Technicians 380 0.00% $16.30 $16.04 $33,350 3.2 %
29-2055 Surgical Technologists 380 0.00% $15.50 $15.34 $31,920 3.9 %
29-2056 Veterinary Technologists and Technicians 150 0.00% $11.30 $11.30 $23,510 9.9 %
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses 38,550 0.42% $18.05 $18.20 $37,860 1.4 %
29-2071 Medical Records and Health Information Technicians 2,470 0.03% $11.29 $12.42 $25,840 2.4 %
29-2081 Opticians, Dispensing 100 0.00% $13.91 $14.34 $29,820 2.4 %
29-9010 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists and Technicians 1,740 0.02% $22.05 $23.79 $49,470 5.6 %
Healthcare Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 109,170 1.18% $10.00 $10.52 $21,880 1.0 %
31-1011 Home Health Aides 33,890 0.37% $8.81 $9.28 $19,310 1.8 %
31-1012 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 50,340 0.54% $10.21 $10.42 $21,680 1.4 %
31-2011 Occupational Therapist Assistants (6) (6) $20.99 $23.50 $48,880 4.9 %
31-2012 Occupational Therapist Aides 110 0.00% $8.42 $9.91 $20,610 8.9 %
31-2021 Physical Therapist Assistants 460 0.00% $18.54 $18.15 $37,760 3.2 %
31-2022 Physical Therapist Aides 120 0.00% $10.43 $10.94 $22,750 5.1 %
31-9011 Massage Therapists 110 0.00% $13.00 $13.87 $28,850 7.0 %
31-9091 Dental Assistants 2,180 0.02% $14.16 $14.21 $29,550 3.7 %
31-9092 Medical Assistants 5,490 0.06% $10.85 $11.18 $23,260 1.6 %
31-9093 Medical Equipment Preparers 390 0.00% $10.53 $11.35 $23,600 5.3 %
31-9094 Medical Transcriptionists 10,350 0.11% $12.63 $12.91 $26,850 1.4 %
31-9095 Pharmacy Aides 110 0.00% $11.69 $11.41 $23,730 3.2 %
31-9096 Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers 210 0.00% $13.90 $13.47 $28,020 6.0 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 666,210 7.20% $8.62 $9.43 $19,620 0.7 %
33-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Correctional Officers 100 0.00% $12.09 $13.42 $27,920 8.4 %
33-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Fire Fighting and Prevention Workers 600 0.01% $25.09 $24.65 $51,280 6.5 %
33-2011 Fire Fighters 4,710 0.05% $13.96 $15.43 $32,080 12.8 %
33-2021 Fire Inspectors and Investigators 250 0.00% $11.52 $12.24 $25,460 4.8 %
33-3012 Correctional Officers and Jailers 940 0.01% $9.61 $10.70 $22,250 9.6 %
33-3052 Transit and Railroad Police 720 0.01% $10.69 $11.42 $23,760 5.3 %
33-9021 Private Detectives and Investigators 9,940 0.11% $14.20 $16.13 $33,550 4.9 %
33-9031 Gaming Surveillance Officers and Gaming Investigators 1,460 0.02% $10.30 $10.19 $21,200 1.4 %
33-9032 Security Guards 607,650 6.57% $8.47 $9.00 $18,730 0.5 %
33-9091 Crossing Guards 6,490 0.07% $8.47 $9.61 $19,980 3.2 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 80,430 0.87% $7.78 $8.50 $17,680 1.6 %
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 430 0.00% $16.71 $17.83 $37,090 2.6 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 2,620 0.03% $13.15 $13.92 $28,950 5.0 %
35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food 350 0.00% $8.44 $10.64 $22,120 13.9 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 1,190 0.01% $9.74 $9.67 $20,110 3.1 %
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant 2,360 0.03% $9.55 $9.62 $20,010 1.3 %
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order 4,280 0.05% $8.89 $8.76 $18,230 3.4 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 12,990 0.14% $7.78 $8.17 $16,990 2.0 %
35-3011 Bartenders 2,110 0.02% $7.83 $8.95 $18,620 5.6 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 13,040 0.14% $7.54 $7.96 $16,560 1.7 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 850 0.01% $7.36 $7.45 $15,490 2.1 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses 11,800 0.13% $8.75 $9.12 $18,980 8.6 %
35-3041 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant 3,920 0.04% $7.25 $7.75 $16,130 3.4 %
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 12,030 0.13% $7.45 $8.15 $16,950 3.3 %
35-9021 Dishwashers 8,210 0.09% $6.99 $7.29 $15,170 1.2 %
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop 720 0.01% $7.53 $7.79 $16,200 2.2 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 981,380 10.61% $8.01 $8.79 $18,270 0.6 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 52,160 0.56% $11.77 $13.19 $27,430 1.2 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 4,750 0.05% $15.62 $16.23 $33,760 2.8 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 692,370 7.49% $7.73 $8.26 $17,180 0.7 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 130,420 1.41% $7.72 $8.11 $16,870 1.6 %
37-2021 Pest Control Workers 53,580 0.58% $11.05 $11.94 $24,820 2.2 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 32,200 0.35% $8.22 $8.78 $18,250 2.0 %
37-3012 Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation 1,080 0.01% $11.40 $12.00 $24,950 7.1 %
37-3013 Tree Trimmers and Pruners 230 0.00% $9.16 $9.47 $19,690 2.1 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 46,290 0.50% $7.94 $9.86 $20,520 4.4 %
39-1011 Gaming Supervisors (6) (6) $8.44 $11.19 $23,280 22.2 %
39-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service Workers 1,440 0.02% $13.87 $14.91 $31,010 3.5 %
39-2021 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers 290 0.00% $7.54 $7.94 $16,520 4.0 %
39-3011 Gaming Dealers 200 0.00% $6.82 $9.41 $19,570 14.1 %
39-3021 Motion Picture Projectionists 760 0.01% $7.16 $10.77 $22,410 22.3 %
39-3031 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 13,890 0.15% $6.47 $6.65 $13,830 3.4 %
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 1,930 0.02% $6.61 $7.22 $15,020 2.7 %
39-3092 Costume Attendants (6) (6) $15.33 $16.68 $34,690 7.7 %
39-3093 Locker Room, Coatroom, and Dressing Room Attendants 100 0.00% $7.08 $7.25 $15,090 3.9 %
39-4011 Embalmers (6) (6) $16.75 $18.74 $38,980 2.6 %
39-5012 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 2,290 0.02% $13.30 $15.59 $32,420 22.8 %
39-5091 Makeup Artists, Theatrical and Performance (6) (6) $15.28 $15.43 $32,100 3.7 %
39-5092 Manicurists and Pedicurists 70 0.00% $6.53 $7.13 $14,830 4.6 %
39-5093 Shampooers 70 0.00% $7.45 $7.41 $15,410 5.2 %
39-6012 Concierges 450 0.00% $9.12 $9.34 $19,430 4.0 %
39-6021 Tour Guides and Escorts (6) (6) $9.64 $9.77 $20,320 3.4 %
39-6022 Travel Guides 1,100 0.01% $15.50 $19.78 $41,130 6.3 %
39-6031 Flight Attendants 90 0.00% (4) (4) $51,650 6.8 %
39-6032 Transportation Attendants, Except Flight Attendants and Baggage Porters 190 0.00% $6.37 $6.46 $13,430 3.4 %
39-9011 Child Care Workers 1,220 0.01% $7.76 $8.16 $16,970 1.6 %
39-9021 Personal and Home Care Aides 3,990 0.04% $8.32 $8.69 $18,080 3.1 %
39-9031 Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors 1,970 0.02% $9.70 $11.27 $23,450 4.3 %
39-9032 Recreation Workers 3,530 0.04% $8.74 $9.46 $19,680 2.5 %
39-9041 Residential Advisors 210 0.00% $8.36 $8.96 $18,640 6.9 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 669,570 7.24% $12.01 $17.00 $35,350 1.0 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 20,400 0.22% $16.82 $19.63 $40,840 2.2 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 28,270 0.31% $20.99 $25.96 $53,990 2.3 %
41-2011 Cashiers 21,690 0.23% $7.67 $8.14 $16,930 1.6 %
41-2012 Gaming Change Persons and Booth Cashiers (6) (6) $9.41 $9.96 $20,710 12.7 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 45,300 0.49% $9.18 $10.02 $20,840 1.0 %
41-2022 Parts Salespersons 2,080 0.02% $10.57 $14.05 $29,230 8.0 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 16,920 0.18% $9.89 $11.60 $24,120 1.7 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents 50,140 0.54% $20.96 $24.93 $51,850 2.6 %
41-3021 Insurance Sales Agents 1,290 0.01% $12.59 $21.16 $44,020 12.6 %
41-3031 Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents 3,140 0.03% $22.05 $28.37 $59,010 5.0 %
41-3041 Travel Agents 2,570 0.03% $10.00 $11.27 $23,450 3.4 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 36,450 0.39% $32.05 $33.97 $70,670 3.2 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 53,680 0.58% $19.77 $23.21 $48,280 1.7 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters 41,210 0.45% $9.67 $12.16 $25,300 4.0 %
41-9012 Models 520 0.01% $14.46 $12.50 $26,010 7.3 %
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents 2,880 0.03% $19.47 $19.52 $40,610 13.0 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers 12,970 0.14% $34.11 $34.64 $72,050 3.9 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 227,760 2.46% $8.72 $9.87 $20,520 1.1 %
41-9091 Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers 2,870 0.03% $10.98 $13.82 $28,750 10.0 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 2,246,560 24.30% $10.83 $11.99 $24,930 0.4 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 101,360 1.10% $17.19 $19.14 $39,810 0.9 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 50,200 0.54% $8.94 $9.34 $19,420 1.7 %
43-2021 Telephone Operators 6,150 0.07% $8.96 $9.31 $19,370 2.3 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 100,920 1.09% $11.56 $12.55 $26,110 0.8 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 25,970 0.28% $11.76 $12.43 $25,860 1.3 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 125,120 1.35% $12.28 $13.11 $27,260 0.9 %
43-3041 Gaming Cage Workers 40 0.00% $10.90 $13.23 $27,510 14.0 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 17,880 0.19% $12.69 $13.63 $28,340 1.4 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 1,720 0.02% $13.92 $14.91 $31,020 2.0 %
43-3071 Tellers 3,160 0.03% $9.83 $9.92 $20,630 3.4 %
43-4011 Brokerage Clerks 580 0.01% $16.77 $17.56 $36,520 1.6 %
43-4021 Correspondence Clerks 5,380 0.06% $10.71 $11.25 $23,390 1.2 %
43-4031 Court, Municipal, and License Clerks 240 0.00% $9.93 $11.56 $24,040 8.1 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 10,000 0.11% $10.62 $11.38 $23,660 2.1 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 310,590 3.36% $10.74 $12.05 $25,070 1.0 %
43-4061 Eligibility Interviewers, Government Programs 30 0.00% $13.92 $14.95 $31,090 3.9 %
43-4071 File Clerks 44,090 0.48% $9.11 $9.43 $19,610 0.7 %
43-4081 Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks 740 0.01% $8.21 $8.55 $17,780 2.1 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan 13,710 0.15% $10.30 $11.14 $23,180 2.0 %
43-4121 Library Assistants, Clerical 190 0.00% $10.99 $11.71 $24,350 2.8 %
43-4131 Loan Interviewers and Clerks 1,990 0.02% $11.52 $11.85 $24,650 3.4 %
43-4141 New Accounts Clerks 330 0.00% $10.44 $11.01 $22,910 3.7 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 25,710 0.28% $10.64 $11.77 $24,480 2.3 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 13,470 0.15% $13.43 $14.13 $29,380 0.9 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 109,470 1.18% $10.04 $10.38 $21,590 0.7 %
43-4181 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks 4,800 0.05% $8.80 $10.08 $20,980 4.0 %
43-5011 Cargo and Freight Agents (6) (6) $18.27 $18.36 $38,190 3.1 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 13,090 0.14% $9.26 $10.18 $21,180 4.1 %
43-5031 Police, Fire, and Ambulance Dispatchers 490 0.01% $9.68 $10.08 $20,970 6.6 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 11,840 0.13% $11.44 $12.63 $26,260 1.6 %
43-5041 Meter Readers, Utilities 2,280 0.02% $11.04 $11.13 $23,140 2.3 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 27,430 0.30% $13.08 $14.61 $30,390 1.7 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 49,870 0.54% $9.56 $10.29 $21,400 1.2 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 69,840 0.76% $9.00 $9.52 $19,810 0.8 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 5,460 0.06% $8.47 $9.47 $19,700 2.3 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 145,620 1.57% $15.03 $15.78 $32,830 0.6 %
43-6012 Legal Secretaries 7,850 0.08% $18.11 $17.98 $37,400 2.6 %
43-6013 Medical Secretaries 4,050 0.04% $11.42 $11.81 $24,560 1.3 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 148,980 1.61% $11.62 $12.07 $25,110 0.7 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 40,040 0.43% $12.45 $13.77 $28,650 2.6 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 149,450 1.62% $9.97 $10.21 $21,230 0.7 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 53,380 0.58% $11.66 $12.34 $25,680 2.2 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 3,710 0.04% $16.96 $16.96 $35,280 2.2 %
43-9041 Insurance Claims and Policy Processing Clerks 3,760 0.04% $11.13 $12.37 $25,740 3.8 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 58,850 0.64% $8.90 $9.27 $19,280 0.6 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 337,810 3.65% $9.81 $10.37 $21,580 0.6 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 34,380 0.37% $9.87 $10.39 $21,620 0.9 %
43-9081 Proofreaders and Copy Markers 6,240 0.07% $11.22 $12.53 $26,060 2.8 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants 1,680 0.02% $12.01 $13.65 $28,390 3.6 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 11,920 0.13% $7.04 $7.85 $16,330 4.7 %
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers 110 0.00% $20.15 $20.73 $43,120 5.2 %
45-2011 Agricultural Inspectors 160 0.00% $14.76 $17.55 $36,510 13.4 %
45-2041 Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products 390 0.00% $6.80 $7.43 $15,460 8.4 %
45-2091 Agricultural Equipment Operators 90 0.00% $8.35 $9.04 $18,810 5.2 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 9,700 0.10% $6.89 $7.25 $15,070 3.9 %
45-2093 Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals 400 0.00% $8.72 $8.82 $18,350 3.3 %
45-4022 Logging Equipment Operators (6) (6) $11.54 $10.74 $22,340 4.9 %
45-4023 Log Graders and Scalers 240 0.00% $18.68 $17.82 $37,070 6.9 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 199,660 2.16% $10.08 $12.06 $25,090 2.4 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 6,780 0.07% $20.35 $21.84 $45,430 2.1 %
47-2011 Boilermakers 400 0.00% $26.53 $21.21 $44,120 10.6 %
47-2021 Brickmasons and Blockmasons 1,400 0.02% $12.06 $16.72 $34,770 15.5 %
47-2022 Stonemasons 580 0.01% $11.58 $11.83 $24,610 1.3 %
47-2031 Carpenters 28,480 0.31% $13.98 $15.12 $31,440 2.0 %
47-2041 Carpet Installers 260 0.00% $9.88 $11.91 $24,780 8.5 %
47-2043 Floor Sanders and Finishers 50 0.00% $8.19 $8.49 $17,650 3.6 %
47-2044 Tile and Marble Setters 390 0.00% $15.58 $19.45 $40,450 8.2 %
47-2051 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers 3,680 0.04% $12.02 $13.89 $28,880 5.0 %
47-2053 Terrazzo Workers and Finishers 50 0.00% $14.39 $13.47 $28,020 9.4 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 48,650 0.53% $7.31 $8.92 $18,560 4.1 %
47-2071 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 1,170 0.01% $7.98 $8.86 $18,430 2.0 %
47-2072 Pile-Driver Operators (6) (6) $17.76 $19.90 $41,400 7.3 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 2,860 0.03% $17.98 $18.96 $39,450 5.1 %
47-2081 Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers 2,910 0.03% $11.44 $12.75 $26,510 2.5 %
47-2111 Electricians 10,460 0.11% $16.79 $17.89 $37,200 2.8 %
47-2130 Insulation Workers (6) (6) $12.09 $11.87 $24,690 2.4 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 10,380 0.11% $11.73 $13.07 $27,190 2.3 %
47-2142 Paperhangers 2,160 0.02% $13.19 $13.72 $28,530 2.2 %
47-2151 Pipelayers 120 0.00% $11.05 $11.52 $23,960 2.0 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 6,120 0.07% $15.01 $15.74 $32,740 2.3 %
47-2161 Plasterers and Stucco Masons 380 0.00% $14.84 $15.14 $31,490 4.1 %
47-2171 Reinforcing Iron and Rebar Workers 380 0.00% $27.80 $21.79 $45,330 6.5 %
47-2181 Roofers 2,100 0.02% $12.00 $12.75 $26,530 2.0 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 1,770 0.02% $10.85 $12.68 $26,370 5.8 %
47-2221 Structural Iron and Steel Workers 1,840 0.02% $15.87 $17.42 $36,230 6.2 %
47-3011 Helpers—Brickmasons, Blockmasons, Stonemasons, and Tile and Marble Setters 230 0.00% $28.57 $22.01 $45,770 13.0 %
47-3012 Helpers—Carpenters 1,960 0.02% $8.76 $9.59 $19,940 3.7 %
47-3013 Helpers—Electricians 1,470 0.02% $10.43 $10.40 $21,630 3.6 %
47-3014 Helpers—Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons 340 0.00% $8.29 $9.03 $18,770 6.2 %
47-3015 Helpers—Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 370 0.00% $7.90 $9.23 $19,200 4.8 %
47-3016 Helpers—Roofers (6) (6) $8.87 $8.75 $18,200 3.0 %
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors 2,580 0.03% $16.95 $17.54 $36,480 3.9 %
47-4031 Fence Erectors 220 0.00% $12.63 $12.40 $25,780 3.8 %
47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 1,070 0.01% $11.18 $13.07 $27,190 5.6 %
47-4071 Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners 750 0.01% $11.81 $11.79 $24,520 2.3 %
47-5011 Derrick Operators, Oil and Gas (6) (6) $16.34 $17.35 $36,090 3.9 %
47-5013 Service Unit Operators, Oil, Gas, and Mining 40 0.00% $17.90 $17.22 $35,830 3.4 %
47-5021 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas 120 0.00% $11.82 $12.84 $26,710 5.5 %
47-5071 Roustabouts, Oil and Gas 880 0.01% $10.54 $10.86 $22,580 3.7 %
47-5081 Helpers—Extraction Workers 1,730 0.02% $11.85 $11.86 $24,660 3.4 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 194,930 2.11% $14.09 $15.19 $31,600 0.7 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 12,470 0.13% $21.08 $22.66 $47,140 1.5 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 26,990 0.29% $15.67 $16.37 $34,050 1.7 %
49-2021 Radio Mechanics 80 0.00% $10.10 $10.88 $22,630 3.9 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 5,400 0.06% $20.02 $20.27 $42,170 3.0 %
49-2091 Avionics Technicians 110 0.00% $17.05 $16.99 $35,350 2.8 %
49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers 260 0.00% $10.84 $11.94 $24,840 7.2 %
49-2093 Electrical and Electronics Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment (6) (6) $17.19 $16.85 $35,040 3.7 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 5,980 0.06% $15.39 $15.80 $32,860 1.8 %
49-2096 Electronic Equipment Installers and Repairers, Motor Vehicles 110 0.00% $14.17 $14.45 $30,060 10.8 %
49-2097 Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Installers and Repairers 1,090 0.01% $13.37 $14.38 $29,910 5.6 %
49-2098 Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers 18,590 0.20% $13.96 $14.56 $30,290 2.0 %
49-3011 Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians 1,440 0.02% $17.73 $18.42 $38,310 5.8 %
49-3021 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 920 0.01% $11.01 $12.17 $25,320 4.1 %
49-3022 Automotive Glass Installers and Repairers 90 0.00% $12.73 $12.94 $26,910 2.7 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 8,410 0.09% $12.96 $13.74 $28,590 1.8 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 5,040 0.05% $15.54 $16.02 $33,310 2.7 %
49-3041 Farm Equipment Mechanics (6) (6) $14.08 $15.14 $31,500 5.3 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 9,900 0.11% $16.20 $16.83 $35,000 1.1 %
49-3043 Rail Car Repairers (6) (6) $11.98 $12.36 $25,710 8.3 %
49-3051 Motorboat Mechanics 70 0.00% $11.72 $11.31 $23,530 12.3 %
49-3053 Outdoor Power Equipment and Other Small Engine Mechanics 3,720 0.04% $12.00 $12.54 $26,090 1.5 %
49-3092 Recreational Vehicle Service Technicians 170 0.00% $9.52 $10.82 $22,500 5.5 %
49-3093 Tire Repairers and Changers 360 0.00% $9.47 $11.62 $24,170 6.2 %
49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door 550 0.01% $13.58 $15.77 $32,790 9.9 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 3,950 0.04% $17.40 $17.38 $36,140 3.8 %
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers 630 0.01% $13.42 $14.10 $29,330 6.2 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 2,140 0.02% $15.85 $16.27 $33,840 3.3 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 44,240 0.48% $12.44 $13.15 $27,350 1.6 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 1,550 0.02% $12.62 $13.41 $27,900 3.0 %
49-9044 Millwrights 2,350 0.03% $19.92 $20.52 $42,670 12.5 %
49-9051 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 850 0.01% $21.08 $22.01 $45,780 5.2 %
49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers 5,210 0.06% $12.82 $14.40 $29,940 3.4 %
49-9061 Camera and Photographic Equipment Repairers 710 0.01% $15.11 $15.00 $31,200 2.7 %
49-9062 Medical Equipment Repairers 1,190 0.01% $12.29 $14.30 $29,740 3.8 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers 410 0.00% $11.75 $11.88 $24,710 4.1 %
49-9092 Commercial Divers 550 0.01% $29.23 $34.91 $72,600 23.1 %
49-9094 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers 160 0.00% $16.40 $16.47 $34,260 2.7 %
49-9095 Manufactured Building and Mobile Home Installers 530 0.01% $9.47 $10.20 $21,220 4.7 %
49-9096 Riggers 750 0.01% $14.34 $15.91 $33,090 3.7 %
49-9098 Helpers—Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 9,580 0.10% $9.17 $9.98 $20,760 1.9 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 769,070 8.32% $8.31 $9.34 $19,420 0.8 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 21,840 0.24% $17.08 $18.77 $39,050 1.6 %
51-2011 Aircraft Structure, Surfaces, Rigging, and Systems Assemblers 260 0.00% $10.16 $13.56 $28,200 14.7 %
51-2021 Coil Winders, Tapers, and Finishers 70 0.00% $8.89 $9.64 $20,060 4.7 %
51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 18,350 0.20% $8.19 $8.72 $18,130 1.8 %
51-2023 Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers 1,320 0.01% $8.78 $9.71 $20,200 5.6 %
51-2031 Engine and Other Machine Assemblers 1,310 0.01% $9.71 $10.32 $21,460 2.4 %
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters 1,930 0.02% $15.30 $14.41 $29,970 8.1 %
51-2091 Fiberglass Laminators and Fabricators 1,440 0.02% $8.39 $8.63 $17,950 1.4 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 42,260 0.46% $8.10 $8.54 $17,770 1.4 %
51-3011 Bakers 340 0.00% $9.53 $9.91 $20,620 2.8 %
51-3021 Butchers and Meat Cutters 760 0.01% $6.80 $8.92 $18,550 12.9 %
51-3022 Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers 1,290 0.01% $8.37 $9.22 $19,180 4.3 %
51-3023 Slaughterers and Meat Packers (6) (6) $7.41 $7.92 $16,480 7.9 %
51-3091 Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders (6) (6) $11.76 $11.53 $23,990 4.6 %
51-3092 Food Batchmakers 1,510 0.02% $7.18 $9.37 $19,480 5.4 %
51-3093 Food Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders 840 0.01% $6.37 $7.02 $14,610 5.8 %
51-4011 Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic 510 0.01% $10.05 $13.91 $28,940 10.0 %
51-4012 Numerical Tool and Process Control Programmers 340 0.00% $6.65 $8.29 $17,230 12.8 %
51-4021 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 8,830 0.10% $7.81 $7.95 $16,540 1.4 %
51-4022 Forging Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 6,330 0.07% $7.89 $8.32 $17,310 1.6 %
51-4023 Rolling Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 3,240 0.04% $8.09 $8.93 $18,570 2.7 %
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 21,620 0.23% $8.45 $8.96 $18,630 0.8 %
51-4032 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (6) (6) $9.08 $10.56 $21,960 16.4 %
51-4033 Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 540 0.01% $9.39 $10.58 $22,010 2.1 %
51-4034 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 820 0.01% $10.99 $12.92 $26,870 5.5 %
51-4035 Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 230 0.00% $8.61 $9.14 $19,010 5.0 %
51-4041 Machinists 18,080 0.20% $9.71 $11.36 $23,620 1.8 %
51-4052 Pourers and Casters, Metal 90 0.00% $10.23 $10.40 $21,630 3.2 %
51-4061 Model Makers, Metal and Plastic 90 0.00% $28.98 $24.46 $50,870 25.3 %
51-4071 Foundry Mold and Coremakers 120 0.00% $10.20 $10.59 $22,030 6.2 %
51-4072 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 5,370 0.06% $7.37 $7.59 $15,800 1.1 %
51-4081 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 920 0.01% $9.00 $9.94 $20,680 2.1 %
51-4111 Tool and Die Makers 400 0.00% $11.91 $13.01 $27,050 10.1 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 20,150 0.22% $11.10 $12.44 $25,880 1.9 %
51-4122 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 840 0.01% $9.77 $10.19 $21,200 2.2 %
51-4191 Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 100 0.00% $8.26 $8.89 $18,490 4.7 %
51-4192 Lay-Out Workers, Metal and Plastic 30 0.00% $18.47 $16.80 $34,950 5.3 %
51-4193 Plating and Coating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 150 0.00% $8.44 $8.82 $18,350 2.4 %
51-4194 Tool Grinders, Filers, and Sharpeners 130 0.00% $12.74 $15.02 $31,250 9.2 %
51-5011 Bindery Workers 14,370 0.16% $7.93 $8.64 $17,970 1.2 %
51-5012 Bookbinders 160 0.00% $9.30 $9.58 $19,930 4.3 %
51-5021 Job Printers 3,250 0.04% $8.74 $10.21 $21,230 8.7 %
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers 8,740 0.09% $13.11 $14.30 $29,740 1.7 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 16,940 0.18% $10.75 $12.08 $25,120 1.7 %
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 2,840 0.03% $7.96 $8.10 $16,840 1.7 %
51-6021 Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 210 0.00% $7.94 $8.09 $16,830 3.1 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators 4,340 0.05% $9.70 $9.96 $20,710 5.8 %
51-6051 Sewers, Hand (6) (6) $6.24 $6.52 $13,550 3.2 %
51-6052 Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers 400 0.00% $9.69 $10.27 $21,360 7.5 %
51-6061 Textile Bleaching and Dyeing Machine Operators and Tenders 5,050 0.05% $7.84 $8.19 $17,030 1.9 %
51-6062 Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 5,630 0.06% $7.82 $8.05 $16,750 2.0 %
51-6063 Textile Knitting and Weaving Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 200 0.00% $7.99 $8.41 $17,500 6.1 %
51-6064 Textile Winding, Twisting, and Drawing Out Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 170 0.00% $7.96 $8.44 $17,550 5.7 %
51-6091 Extruding and Forming Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Synthetic and Glass Fibers (6) (6) $6.37 $6.20 $12,900 4.3 %
51-6092 Fabric and Apparel Patternmakers (6) (6) $11.38 $11.12 $23,140 4.0 %
51-6093 Upholsterers 600 0.01% $8.60 $9.38 $19,510 4.6 %
51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 490 0.01% $9.95 $11.49 $23,890 2.5 %
51-7021 Furniture Finishers 330 0.00% $9.70 $10.28 $21,370 6.2 %
51-7031 Model Makers, Wood 80 0.00% $10.99 $12.91 $26,850 8.9 %
51-7041 Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood 150 0.00% $8.47 $9.70 $20,180 3.2 %
51-7042 Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing 840 0.01% $8.86 $8.69 $18,070 2.9 %
51-8012 Power Distributors and Dispatchers (6) (6) $20.04 $26.98 $56,120 2.0 %
51-8013 Power Plant Operators (6) (6) $17.52 $19.00 $39,510 2.7 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 380 0.00% $19.63 $20.44 $42,520 6.5 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 270 0.00% $12.65 $13.38 $27,820 5.4 %
51-8093 Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, and Gaugers 90 0.00% $15.73 $15.49 $32,210 3.5 %
51-9011 Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders 470 0.01% $19.13 $18.26 $37,980 5.3 %
51-9012 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 90 0.00% $10.65 $11.41 $23,740 13.8 %
51-9021 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 720 0.01% $8.77 $8.95 $18,620 1.5 %
51-9022 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 840 0.01% $9.07 $9.09 $18,900 2.4 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 1,830 0.02% $6.65 $9.04 $18,800 11.4 %
51-9031 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 150 0.00% $8.63 $9.50 $19,770 6.8 %
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (6) (6) $8.63 $9.10 $18,940 2.0 %
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 700 0.01% $9.87 $9.75 $20,280 2.2 %
51-9051 Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders (6) (6) $8.54 $9.88 $20,560 4.1 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 42,140 0.46% $9.09 $10.78 $22,420 2.3 %
51-9071 Jewelers and Precious Stone and Metal Workers 160 0.00% $13.22 $13.96 $29,040 12.2 %
51-9081 Dental Laboratory Technicians 110 0.00% $11.02 $12.31 $25,600 5.3 %
51-9082 Medical Appliance Technicians 300 0.00% $11.41 $11.74 $24,420 5.1 %
51-9083 Ophthalmic Laboratory Technicians 1,190 0.01% $8.64 $9.80 $20,390 6.0 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 75,180 0.81% $7.68 $8.10 $16,840 1.4 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 460 0.00% $10.58 $11.47 $23,860 2.4 %
51-9122 Painters, Transportation Equipment 100 0.00% $14.08 $13.75 $28,590 3.8 %
51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers 4,430 0.05% $8.84 $9.68 $20,130 2.3 %
51-9131 Photographic Process Workers 10,600 0.11% $10.33 $11.21 $23,320 1.8 %
51-9132 Photographic Processing Machine Operators 20,910 0.23% $10.13 $10.81 $22,480 1.7 %
51-9141 Semiconductor Processors 400 0.00% $10.09 $10.80 $22,460 2.1 %
51-9191 Cementing and Gluing Machine Operators and Tenders (6) (6) $9.42 $10.72 $22,300 5.1 %
51-9192 Cleaning, Washing, and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 130 0.00% $7.66 $7.83 $16,280 10.2 %
51-9194 Etchers and Engravers 1,060 0.01% $8.11 $8.63 $17,950 4.0 %
51-9195 Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic 160 0.00% $9.51 $12.78 $26,590 12.1 %
51-9196 Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 1,520 0.02% $7.79 $8.27 $17,200 2.7 %
51-9198 Helpers—Production Workers 107,750 1.17% $7.89 $8.19 $17,030 1.3 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 833,150 9.01% $8.14 $9.24 $19,230 1.0 %
53-1011 Aircraft Cargo Handling Supervisors 550 0.01% $11.35 $12.56 $26,120 3.2 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 6,070 0.07% $15.69 $17.01 $35,380 1.9 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 4,120 0.04% $16.86 $19.29 $40,120 3.5 %
53-2011 Airline Pilots, Copilots, and Flight Engineers 230 0.00% (4) (4) $63,010 7.4 %
53-2012 Commercial Pilots 590 0.01% (4) (4) $40,020 8.1 %
53-2022 Airfield Operations Specialists 50 0.00% $17.18 $17.92 $37,280 5.9 %
53-3011 Ambulance Drivers and Attendants, Except Emergency Medical Technicians 180 0.00% $8.04 $9.10 $18,920 4.8 %
53-3021 Bus Drivers, Transit and Intercity 430 0.00% $12.94 $14.53 $30,220 12.2 %
53-3022 Bus Drivers, School (6) (6) $6.85 $7.29 $15,170 7.7 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 8,820 0.10% $10.45 $11.60 $24,120 3.0 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 48,360 0.52% $14.87 $15.47 $32,170 2.9 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light Or Delivery Services 64,410 0.70% $10.32 $11.07 $23,030 1.3 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 8,420 0.09% $6.83 $7.68 $15,970 3.4 %
53-5011 Sailors and Marine Oilers (6) (6) $14.95 $17.58 $36,570 17.6 %
53-5021 Captains, Mates, and Pilots of Water Vessels 140 0.00% $17.48 $20.79 $43,240 2.3 %
53-5022 Motorboat Operators 120 0.00% $11.83 $12.79 $26,590 1.9 %
53-6011 Bridge and Lock Tenders 940 0.01% $8.77 $11.47 $23,850 16.7 %
53-6021 Parking Lot Attendants (6) (6) $7.82 $8.59 $17,860 5.9 %
53-6031 Service Station Attendants 550 0.01% $7.76 $8.42 $17,520 3.9 %
53-7011 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 1,090 0.01% $8.47 $8.92 $18,550 1.9 %
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators 6,360 0.07% $21.23 $21.97 $45,700 3.2 %
53-7031 Dredge Operators 110 0.00% $24.49 $23.84 $49,580 2.7 %
53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators 850 0.01% $13.23 $15.84 $32,940 6.9 %
53-7041 Hoist and Winch Operators 2,100 0.02% $23.61 $25.21 $52,430 4.1 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 33,280 0.36% $9.96 $10.95 $22,780 1.3 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 7,350 0.08% $8.00 $8.46 $17,600 2.5 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 419,810 4.54% $7.90 $8.37 $17,410 0.8 %
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 1,960 0.02% $7.94 $8.05 $16,740 3.2 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 171,030 1.85% $7.56 $7.74 $16,100 0.6 %
53-7071 Gas Compressor and Gas Pumping Station Operators 150 0.00% $11.02 $13.84 $28,790 7.6 %
53-7072 Pump Operators, Except Wellhead Pumpers (6) (6) $13.82 $14.14 $29,400 2.5 %
53-7081 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors (6) (6) $6.16 $6.20 $12,900 3.4 %
53-7121 Tank Car, Truck, and Ship Loaders 70 0.00% $8.64 $11.67 $24,270 26.9 %

About 2001 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Data for detailed occupations does not sum to the totals because the totals include data for occupations not shown separately.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) = Hourly wage rates for occupations where workers typically work fewer than 2,080 hours per year are not available.

(6) =Estimates not released.



top

Industry-Specific occupational employment and wage estimates for other SIC Major Groups:

2001 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Other OES estimates and related information:

2001 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

2001 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

2001 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

Technical notes

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Last Modified Date: December 23, 2002

Recommend this page using: