Occupational Employment Statistics

2001 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

SIC 273 - Books

These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in SIC Industry Group 273 - Books.

These and other data elements, including the 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages are available in the downloadable excel files. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

SIC Industry Group 273 - Books is part of: SIC Major Group 27 - Printing, Publishing, and Allied Industries.

Links to other industry-specific estimates and cross-industry estimates

SOC Major Groups in in SIC 273 - Books:

SIC 273 - Books

Click on the SOC code number to view that occupation's definition and national cross-industry estimates.

Industry Total top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 Industry Total 119,130 100.00% $15.52 $18.86 $39,240 1.5 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 9,140 7.67% $38.07 $40.40 $84,040 1.8 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 590 0.50% (5) $58.64 $121,970 3.7 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 2,190 1.84% $42.77 $43.91 $91,340 2.6 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 600 0.50% $25.47 $29.18 $60,690 4.7 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 810 0.68% $33.71 $36.54 $76,000 2.9 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 720 0.60% $36.23 $39.07 $81,270 2.9 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 120 0.10% $32.04 $35.59 $74,020 6.1 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 240 0.20% $32.77 $35.03 $72,860 4.2 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 700 0.59% $43.89 $44.02 $91,560 3.7 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 640 0.54% $38.21 $39.89 $82,960 2.9 %
11-3040 Human Resources Managers 290 0.24% $34.70 $36.93 $76,810 4.4 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 640 0.54% $32.04 $33.46 $69,590 2.3 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 120 0.10% $30.26 $30.36 $63,140 2.9 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 190 0.16% $27.16 $29.41 $61,160 3.3 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 30 0.03% $36.82 $36.46 $75,830 6.3 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 4,580 3.84% $22.06 $23.60 $49,100 1.2 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 480 0.40% $19.46 $20.69 $43,040 1.9 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 80 0.07% $28.73 $28.81 $59,920 4.6 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 390 0.33% $19.83 $20.93 $43,540 2.8 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 120 0.10% $20.55 $21.36 $44,430 3.1 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 70 0.06% $21.81 $23.39 $48,660 4.0 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 150 0.13% $23.55 $24.00 $49,910 3.3 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 150 0.13% $28.47 $31.28 $65,070 3.1 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 40 0.03% $19.84 $19.57 $40,710 3.0 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 1,250 1.05% $22.23 $23.95 $49,810 2.7 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 50 0.04% $18.72 $19.93 $41,460 3.4 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 220 0.18% $29.61 $30.84 $64,150 4.8 %
Computer and Mathematical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations 5,350 4.49% $26.48 $27.64 $57,490 2.2 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 1,190 1.00% $26.62 $28.11 $58,470 2.9 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 340 0.29% $33.05 $32.42 $67,420 5.6 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 830 0.70% $19.26 $20.28 $42,180 1.7 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 590 0.50% $28.19 $28.67 $59,620 1.8 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 390 0.33% $28.18 $29.18 $60,690 2.5 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 550 0.46% $24.96 $26.05 $54,170 1.7 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 230 0.19% $25.28 $26.97 $56,100 2.3 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 30 0.03% $26.05 $27.85 $57,920 5.8 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 230 0.19% $25.32 $25.92 $53,910 3.0 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 140 0.12% $27.50 $27.55 $57,300 3.7 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 950 0.80% $20.31 $22.50 $46,790 3.6 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 900 0.76% $20.34 $22.47 $46,730 3.8 %
23-1011 Lawyers 280 0.24% $24.96 $37.25 $77,480 19.0 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 50 0.04% $20.45 $20.89 $43,440 9.8 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 380 0.32% $16.11 $17.54 $36,490 3.1 %
25-4021 Librarians 100 0.08% $16.68 $18.89 $39,290 4.2 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 150 0.13% $15.25 $17.51 $36,420 6.8 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 17,760 14.91% $18.05 $20.85 $43,360 2.0 %
27-1011 Art Directors 330 0.28% $29.89 $32.24 $67,050 5.0 %
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators 160 0.13% $19.97 $20.57 $42,780 5.8 %
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators 150 0.13% $18.35 $19.69 $40,960 4.4 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 150 0.13% $20.54 $22.20 $46,180 4.4 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 2,020 1.70% $17.85 $19.08 $39,680 1.7 %
27-2012 Producers and Directors 60 0.05% (4) (4) $59,080 8.2 %
27-3010 Announcers 170 0.14% $46.98 $34.53 $71,820 8.7 %
27-3020 News Analysts, Reporters and Correspondents 50 0.04% $13.71 $15.40 $32,030 3.5 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 800 0.67% $18.23 $20.53 $42,710 2.7 %
27-3041 Editors 11,580 9.72% $18.27 $21.09 $43,870 1.8 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 400 0.34% $22.98 $24.31 $50,550 5.0 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 1,150 0.97% $12.81 $16.95 $35,250 17.0 %
27-4021 Photographers 80 0.07% $17.05 $20.29 $42,200 13.4 %
27-4031 Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Picture 70 0.06% $11.29 $13.04 $27,130 3.7 %
27-4032 Film and Video Editors 80 0.07% $10.35 $13.20 $27,450 15.8 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 100 0.08% $12.54 $13.68 $28,450 4.3 %
33-9032 Security Guards 100 0.08% $12.48 $13.34 $27,750 4.1 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 560 0.47% $10.66 $11.51 $23,940 1.8 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 30 0.03% $22.46 $23.13 $48,110 4.6 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 470 0.39% $10.41 $10.74 $22,330 1.5 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 7,750 6.51% $17.94 $21.55 $44,820 2.1 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 210 0.18% $22.78 $28.15 $58,550 6.7 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 370 0.31% $29.24 $30.83 $64,130 2.7 %
41-2011 Cashiers 90 0.08% $9.33 $9.50 $19,760 9.2 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 180 0.15% $8.19 $10.04 $20,890 8.4 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents 620 0.52% $17.40 $21.11 $43,900 5.0 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 60 0.05% $22.66 $22.73 $47,270 4.9 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 3,520 2.95% $21.99 $25.46 $52,950 2.4 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 1,620 1.36% $10.43 $11.46 $23,830 3.1 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 31,670 26.58% $13.38 $14.58 $30,320 1.2 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 1,980 1.66% $20.65 $22.16 $46,090 1.8 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 250 0.21% $11.23 $11.71 $24,350 1.5 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 570 0.48% $14.40 $15.11 $31,430 2.3 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 460 0.39% $13.22 $13.94 $28,990 1.7 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 1,840 1.54% $13.55 $14.43 $30,010 1.7 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 210 0.18% $14.65 $15.68 $32,620 2.0 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 50 0.04% $13.92 $14.14 $29,410 2.6 %
43-4021 Correspondence Clerks 60 0.05% $11.00 $11.60 $24,120 7.9 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 180 0.15% $13.14 $13.79 $28,690 2.7 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 4,180 3.51% $13.96 $14.80 $30,790 1.3 %
43-4071 File Clerks 550 0.46% $13.66 $13.50 $28,070 7.0 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 760 0.64% $12.59 $13.12 $27,300 3.1 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 190 0.16% $14.85 $14.82 $30,840 1.8 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 510 0.43% $11.67 $11.94 $24,840 1.5 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 90 0.08% $9.82 $9.86 $20,510 2.8 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 1,730 1.45% $16.10 $17.58 $36,570 2.0 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 2,350 1.97% $11.23 $11.86 $24,670 1.2 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 1,460 1.23% $10.98 $11.79 $24,520 2.9 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 120 0.10% $14.25 $17.21 $35,800 11.4 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 2,400 2.01% $15.82 $16.53 $34,370 1.3 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 1,630 1.37% $12.98 $13.82 $28,750 3.1 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 610 0.51% $11.31 $12.86 $26,740 6.0 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 860 0.72% $11.63 $11.56 $24,050 4.2 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 130 0.11% $11.14 $12.07 $25,100 4.0 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 3,620 3.04% $15.27 $16.57 $34,470 6.6 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 530 0.44% $10.94 $11.38 $23,680 2.1 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 2,440 2.05% $11.04 $11.23 $23,360 1.2 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 90 0.08% $12.05 $12.56 $26,130 4.5 %
43-9081 Proofreaders and Copy Markers 1,290 1.08% $11.21 $12.19 $25,350 2.5 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 50 0.04% $20.75 $20.80 $43,260 3.4 %
47-2111 Electricians 30 0.03% $23.36 $22.45 $46,690 4.1 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 1,590 1.33% $17.04 $17.49 $36,380 1.6 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 100 0.08% $25.76 $26.14 $54,370 2.0 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 80 0.07% $15.10 $16.15 $33,590 6.7 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 130 0.11% $19.34 $19.02 $39,560 2.5 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 130 0.11% $17.21 $17.73 $36,880 3.0 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 770 0.65% $16.87 $17.03 $35,430 2.3 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 50 0.04% $15.34 $15.18 $31,570 4.3 %
49-9098 Helpers—Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 110 0.09% $11.24 $11.20 $23,300 3.7 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 28,160 23.64% $13.72 $14.72 $30,620 1.0 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 2,060 1.73% $23.31 $24.02 $49,950 1.9 %
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (6) (6) $17.28 $17.28 $35,940 2.9 %
51-5011 Bindery Workers 6,690 5.62% $11.41 $12.24 $25,460 1.6 %
51-5012 Bookbinders 670 0.56% $12.83 $13.36 $27,800 3.2 %
51-5021 Job Printers 1,460 1.23% $15.16 $15.95 $33,170 3.4 %
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers 4,930 4.14% $15.00 $15.20 $31,620 2.0 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 5,650 4.74% $16.42 $16.48 $34,280 1.1 %
51-9031 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 110 0.09% $10.16 $12.44 $25,870 11.5 %
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 400 0.34% $13.58 $13.48 $28,050 1.7 %
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 90 0.08% $13.97 $14.49 $30,140 4.5 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 690 0.58% $11.03 $11.86 $24,660 2.0 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 120 0.10% $10.11 $10.94 $22,760 2.1 %
51-9131 Photographic Process Workers 130 0.11% $13.38 $15.36 $31,940 5.7 %
51-9132 Photographic Processing Machine Operators 240 0.20% $10.82 $11.23 $23,360 3.1 %
51-9191 Cementing and Gluing Machine Operators and Tenders 100 0.08% $11.99 $12.72 $26,460 3.0 %
51-9196 Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 930 0.78% $13.08 $13.01 $27,060 2.2 %
51-9198 Helpers—Production Workers 2,120 1.78% $10.16 $10.49 $21,830 1.9 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 10,320 8.66% $10.86 $11.80 $24,540 2.2 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 270 0.23% $18.02 $19.28 $40,110 3.6 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 80 0.07% $19.04 $19.52 $40,610 3.4 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 60 0.05% $14.10 $15.28 $31,770 5.4 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light Or Delivery Services 350 0.29% $11.01 $11.68 $24,290 2.7 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 1,360 1.14% $12.75 $13.31 $27,690 1.9 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 3,560 2.99% $10.49 $11.53 $23,980 4.4 %
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 1,760 1.48% $11.37 $11.91 $24,780 6.0 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 2,610 2.19% $9.68 $10.30 $21,430 3.9 %
53-7081 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 70 0.06% $10.46 $11.32 $23,550 8.2 %

About 2001 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Data for detailed occupations does not sum to the totals because the totals include data for occupations not shown separately.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Hourly wage rates for occupations where workers typically work fewer than 2,080 hours per year are not available.

(5) This wage is equal to or greater than $70.00 per hour or $145,600 per year.

(6) Estimates not released.



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Industry-Specific occupational employment and wage estimates for other SIC groups:

SIC 27 - Printing, Publishing, and Allied Industries

2001 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Other OES estimates and related information:

2001 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

2001 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

2001 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

Technical notes

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Last Modified Date: December 23, 2002

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