Occupational Employment Statistics

2002 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 454300 - Direct Selling Establishments

These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in NAICS 454300 - Direct Selling Establishments.

These and other data elements, including the 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages are available in the downloadable Excel files (XLS).

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in in NAICS 454300 - Direct Selling Establishments:

NAICS 454300 - Direct Selling Establishments

Click on the SOC code number to view an occupational profile.

Industry Total top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 Industry Total 161,180 100.00% $12.67 $14.79 $30,770 0.7 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 8,660 5.37% $27.81 $34.75 $72,270 1.4 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 430 0.27% $57.22 $61.94 $128,840 5.0 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 6,270 3.89% $27.05 $33.96 $70,640 1.6 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 100 0.06% $20.12 $23.42 $48,720 5.5 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 120 0.07% $33.38 $37.27 $77,530 8.2 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 440 0.27% $28.38 $33.56 $69,790 3.8 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 160 0.10% $23.66 $25.87 $53,810 4.7 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 170 0.11% $42.52 $40.48 $84,200 3.5 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 320 0.20% $31.67 $35.54 $73,930 3.4 %
11-3040 Human Resources Managers 120 0.07% $27.22 $28.34 $58,940 3.1 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 160 0.10% $22.85 $25.27 $52,560 3.1 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 140 0.09% $26.95 $30.06 $62,520 3.4 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 1,630 1.01% $19.75 $21.97 $45,690 2.0 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 300 0.19% $17.75 $19.94 $41,480 3.2 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 40 0.02% $16.85 $17.13 $35,630 4.0 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 70 0.04% $21.34 $21.95 $45,650 3.3 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 40 0.02% $19.12 $19.50 $40,560 4.5 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 90 0.06% $14.02 $15.10 $31,410 4.4 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 650 0.40% $21.97 $24.31 $50,570 2.5 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 50 0.03% $16.04 $17.54 $36,480 3.9 %
Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 680 0.42% $26.73 $27.20 $56,570 2.9 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 180 0.11% $27.72 $27.50 $57,200 2.9 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 40 0.02% $30.79 $32.61 $67,830 3.7 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 160 0.10% $20.95 $21.25 $44,190 3.4 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 60 0.04% $27.46 $28.85 $60,000 3.5 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 70 0.04% $27.90 $29.64 $61,650 5.6 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 80 0.05% $26.42 $26.79 $55,720 5.7 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 70 0.04% $32.87 $33.89 $70,490 5.4 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 70 0.04% $25.90 $27.11 $56,380 5.1 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 160 0.10% $18.39 $23.92 $49,760 11.0 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 80 0.05% $24.93 $28.20 $58,660 8.4 %
19-4041 Geological and Petroleum Technicians (6) (6) $12.51 $12.52 $26,040 4.0 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 270 0.17% $16.44 $18.28 $38,030 5.9 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 60 0.04% $18.53 $20.33 $42,290 8.5 %
27-4021 Photographers (6) (6) $19.73 $20.38 $42,380 2.0 %
Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 60 0.04% $35.66 $34.42 $71,600 6.4 %
29-1051 Pharmacists (6) (6) $37.52 $37.64 $78,300 2.9 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 30 0.02% $10.21 $11.60 $24,120 7.1 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 780 0.48% $6.82 $7.37 $15,340 2.4 %
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order 170 0.11% $6.78 $7.25 $15,070 3.6 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 200 0.12% $6.83 $7.21 $15,010 3.7 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 160 0.10% $6.91 $7.22 $15,020 3.3 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 140 0.09% $6.57 $6.78 $14,100 6.1 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses 30 0.02% $6.54 $6.98 $14,520 7.7 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 630 0.39% $8.71 $9.62 $20,020 3.3 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 420 0.26% $8.41 $8.75 $18,210 2.0 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 130 0.08% $8.34 $9.70 $20,170 5.8 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 36,000 22.34% $10.00 $12.55 $26,110 1.9 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 3,170 1.97% $15.53 $18.18 $37,820 2.8 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 800 0.50% $18.08 $22.73 $47,270 3.7 %
41-2011 Cashiers 4,760 2.95% $7.17 $7.41 $15,410 1.0 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 350 0.22% $8.69 $9.34 $19,430 3.3 %
41-2022 Parts Salespersons 90 0.06% $13.44 $14.37 $29,890 4.3 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 5,720 3.55% $11.05 $12.52 $26,050 2.7 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 260 0.16% $16.51 $18.28 $38,030 6.3 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 2,780 1.72% $18.63 $21.83 $45,400 3.8 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters 740 0.46% $10.03 $11.82 $24,590 6.3 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 14,320 8.88% $9.59 $10.82 $22,510 4.9 %
41-9091 Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers 2,260 1.40% $9.35 $11.45 $23,830 3.6 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 35,590 22.08% $11.22 $12.25 $25,470 0.6 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 2,850 1.77% $17.84 $19.30 $40,150 1.6 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 80 0.05% $8.84 $9.41 $19,560 5.8 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 1,220 0.76% $11.38 $12.18 $25,330 2.8 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 1,810 1.12% $12.07 $12.32 $25,630 0.8 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 4,190 2.60% $11.94 $12.71 $26,450 1.6 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 150 0.09% $13.08 $13.27 $27,600 1.9 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 40 0.02% $14.14 $14.60 $30,360 5.4 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 270 0.17% $11.85 $12.48 $25,950 2.9 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 5,580 3.46% $11.05 $11.41 $23,730 2.0 %
43-4071 File Clerks 40 0.02% $7.31 $8.08 $16,810 3.4 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 1,460 0.91% $10.55 $11.10 $23,080 2.1 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 70 0.04% $13.45 $13.63 $28,350 3.2 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 1,050 0.65% $9.86 $10.38 $21,590 2.3 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 60 0.04% $6.84 $6.91 $14,370 3.6 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 1,360 0.84% $15.30 $16.11 $33,520 1.2 %
43-5041 Meter Readers, Utilities 50 0.03% $15.41 $14.91 $31,010 2.8 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 120 0.07% $12.25 $13.72 $28,540 5.1 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 840 0.52% $10.48 $11.29 $23,490 2.7 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 1,110 0.69% $9.74 $10.36 $21,550 3.1 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping (6) (6) $7.14 $10.41 $21,650 7.0 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 950 0.59% $13.72 $15.01 $31,210 2.8 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 3,640 2.26% $10.03 $10.52 $21,880 1.7 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 290 0.18% $10.96 $12.93 $26,880 4.7 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 650 0.40% $10.34 $10.72 $22,300 4.9 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 50 0.03% $9.98 $10.05 $20,910 4.1 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 7,360 4.57% $10.16 $10.70 $22,250 1.2 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 160 0.10% $8.06 $8.75 $18,200 7.4 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 60 0.04% $7.87 $8.13 $16,910 3.2 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 970 0.60% $13.43 $15.60 $32,450 4.0 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 90 0.06% $28.50 $25.67 $53,390 7.1 %
47-2011 Boilermakers (6) (6) $15.63 $15.18 $31,580 8.1 %
47-2031 Carpenters (6) (6) $12.41 $14.36 $29,880 15.7 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 70 0.04% $8.56 $9.03 $18,790 4.0 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 550 0.34% $13.70 $16.06 $33,410 3.7 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers (6) (6) $10.60 $11.46 $23,830 9.3 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 22,770 14.13% $15.84 $16.48 $34,280 0.8 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 1,950 1.21% $20.27 $21.76 $45,260 1.9 %
49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers 110 0.07% $10.24 $10.37 $21,560 3.7 %
49-3021 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 40 0.02% $13.27 $14.55 $30,270 8.3 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 540 0.34% $14.79 $15.37 $31,970 2.7 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 1,060 0.66% $16.84 $17.80 $37,020 1.9 %
49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door 930 0.58% $12.70 $13.08 $27,220 2.1 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 10,370 6.43% $17.14 $17.54 $36,490 1.2 %
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers 700 0.43% $13.04 $13.25 $27,560 2.1 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 80 0.05% $13.73 $14.01 $29,130 2.3 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 3,710 2.30% $14.77 $15.10 $31,420 1.6 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery (6) (6) $11.08 $11.99 $24,930 16.7 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers 110 0.07% $14.10 $14.34 $29,820 8.5 %
49-9098 Helpers—Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 1,230 0.76% $10.40 $11.53 $23,970 3.1 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 1,680 1.04% $9.57 $10.79 $22,450 3.0 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 120 0.07% $17.27 $18.92 $39,350 4.8 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 70 0.04% $8.06 $8.69 $18,080 7.4 %
51-3011 Bakers (6) (6) $8.07 $8.31 $17,290 5.3 %
51-3021 Butchers and Meat Cutters 170 0.11% $10.29 $10.92 $22,710 5.4 %
51-3022 Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers 30 0.02% $9.57 $9.68 $20,120 5.2 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 60 0.04% $10.91 $12.60 $26,210 7.2 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 380 0.24% $10.13 $10.24 $21,310 2.1 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 51,000 31.64% $13.14 $13.86 $28,830 0.7 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 380 0.24% $16.95 $17.78 $36,980 3.2 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 2,670 1.66% $19.44 $21.03 $43,740 2.8 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 9,120 5.66% $12.57 $13.09 $27,230 1.8 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 20,960 13.00% $14.79 $15.39 $32,000 1.2 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light Or Delivery Services 10,960 6.80% $12.09 $12.45 $25,900 1.2 %
53-6031 Service Station Attendants 1,560 0.97% $7.57 $8.21 $17,080 1.3 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 260 0.16% $10.82 $11.39 $23,700 3.8 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 170 0.11% $7.24 $8.04 $16,730 3.8 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 3,750 2.33% $9.22 $9.53 $19,830 1.4 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 610 0.38% $8.12 $8.78 $18,260 3.8 %
53-7071 Gas Compressor and Gas Pumping Station Operators (6) (6) $10.56 $10.97 $22,820 3.2 %
53-7072 Pump Operators, Except Wellhead Pumpers (6) (6) $12.59 $14.43 $30,000 11.5 %
53-7121 Tank Car, Truck, and Ship Loaders 50 0.03% $11.94 $12.35 $25,690 10.2 %

About 2002 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Data for detailed occupations does not sum to the totals because the totals include data for occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(6) =Estimates not released.



Other OES estimates and related information:

2002 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

2002 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

2002 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

2002 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Technical notes

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Last Modified Date: November 26, 2003

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