Occupational Employment Statistics

2002 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 561300 - Employment Services

These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in NAICS 561300 - Employment Services.

These and other data elements, including the 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages are available in the downloadable Excel files (XLS).

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in in NAICS 561300 - Employment Services:

NAICS 561300 - Employment Services

Click on the SOC code number to view an occupational profile.

Industry Total top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 Industry Total 3,383,840 100.00% $9.38 $12.00 $24,960 0.7 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 54,740 1.62% $27.93 $35.46 $73,770 1.8 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 5,920 0.17% $50.06 $57.29 $119,150 3.2 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 19,940 0.59% $30.00 $38.16 $79,360 4.0 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 300 0.01% $24.40 $29.52 $61,410 4.3 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 2,060 0.06% $27.28 $34.02 $70,760 3.9 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 5,160 0.15% $22.88 $28.16 $58,560 3.2 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 260 0.01% $23.61 $29.18 $60,690 4.3 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 5,080 0.15% $19.42 $22.51 $46,820 2.1 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 2,040 0.06% $34.34 $38.84 $80,800 3.0 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 2,880 0.09% $30.95 $36.34 $75,590 3.3 %
11-3040 Human Resources Managers 4,220 0.12% $22.43 $25.75 $53,560 2.8 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 280 0.01% $36.16 $37.66 $78,320 3.5 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 410 0.01% $25.09 $28.44 $59,150 5.7 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 190 0.01% $31.86 $32.72 $68,050 4.8 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 480 0.01% $27.84 $34.40 $71,560 6.2 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 330 0.01% $42.23 $46.03 $95,740 2.7 %
11-9051 Food Service Managers 90 0.00% $20.42 $21.74 $45,210 5.0 %
11-9081 Lodging Managers 40 0.00% $16.74 $18.98 $39,470 6.8 %
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 530 0.02% $26.97 $30.16 $62,730 4.0 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 450 0.01% $22.32 $25.27 $52,550 4.4 %
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers 100 0.00% $18.14 $19.98 $41,560 4.2 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 87,060 2.57% $18.42 $22.35 $46,480 1.9 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 290 0.01% $13.31 $16.19 $33,670 4.3 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 1,590 0.05% $18.50 $19.85 $41,280 1.6 %
13-1031 Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators (6) (6) $24.92 $25.02 $52,050 2.1 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 770 0.02% $12.03 $21.70 $45,130 18.9 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 590 0.02% $20.35 $23.52 $48,920 5.2 %
13-1061 Emergency Management Specialists 90 0.00% $16.50 $17.57 $36,550 5.4 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 40,280 1.19% $16.76 $20.09 $41,780 2.2 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 1,890 0.06% $21.73 $24.78 $51,540 7.3 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 3,290 0.10% $17.87 $21.19 $44,070 2.5 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 4,190 0.12% $35.26 $44.74 $93,050 10.0 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 150 0.00% $16.89 $18.99 $39,510 3.1 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 8,800 0.26% $20.62 $24.30 $50,540 4.5 %
13-2021 Appraisers and Assessors of Real Estate (6) (6) $18.47 $21.54 $44,800 5.9 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 290 0.01% $23.83 $24.52 $51,000 1.7 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 1,070 0.03% $23.91 $22.94 $47,710 4.7 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 520 0.02% $30.54 $37.26 $77,500 6.1 %
13-2052 Personal Financial Advisors 40 0.00% $22.01 $25.43 $52,900 9.0 %
13-2053 Insurance Underwriters 270 0.01% $19.69 $22.78 $47,370 10.1 %
13-2071 Loan Counselors 90 0.00% $14.23 $15.72 $32,690 8.5 %
13-2072 Loan Officers (6) (6) $21.60 $22.12 $46,010 1.7 %
Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 53,110 1.57% $25.09 $30.12 $62,650 1.6 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 13,270 0.39% $31.98 $34.43 $71,610 2.9 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 3,290 0.10% $44.92 $46.53 $96,780 2.0 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 3,420 0.10% $36.89 $43.29 $90,040 4.9 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 16,030 0.47% $17.34 $18.96 $39,440 1.4 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 5,700 0.17% $27.46 $31.51 $65,540 2.3 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 1,890 0.06% $28.37 $31.77 $66,070 3.1 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 3,240 0.10% $29.32 $33.54 $69,760 4.2 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 2,420 0.07% $32.17 $36.33 $75,560 5.1 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 100 0.00% $19.20 $26.20 $54,500 11.5 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 51,390 1.52% $23.77 $27.60 $57,400 2.3 %
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval 100 0.00% $25.46 $28.17 $58,600 3.3 %
17-1012 Landscape Architects 40 0.00% $19.35 $19.51 $40,570 11.2 %
17-1021 Cartographers and Photogrammetrists 70 0.00% $17.97 $23.78 $49,470 9.9 %
17-1022 Surveyors 250 0.01% $14.89 $17.51 $36,410 3.3 %
17-2011 Aerospace Engineers 1,570 0.05% $47.68 $44.76 $93,110 2.6 %
17-2031 Biomedical Engineers 40 0.00% $26.51 $27.34 $56,870 6.4 %
17-2041 Chemical Engineers 150 0.00% $24.89 $26.91 $55,980 8.3 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 810 0.02% $35.08 $36.77 $76,490 4.3 %
17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers 1,100 0.03% $28.63 $33.22 $69,090 2.4 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 3,340 0.10% $38.85 $38.07 $79,190 3.3 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 940 0.03% $34.81 $40.00 $83,200 3.5 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 110 0.00% $29.86 $30.82 $64,100 3.8 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 120 0.00% $25.09 $24.58 $51,130 5.1 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 2,540 0.08% $22.75 $25.42 $52,870 3.0 %
17-2131 Materials Engineers 40 0.00% $27.70 $28.32 $58,910 14.7 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 6,990 0.21% $39.10 $37.94 $78,910 3.4 %
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters 750 0.02% $20.90 $25.71 $53,490 8.9 %
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters 2,030 0.06% $19.05 $20.40 $42,440 2.4 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 2,100 0.06% $22.22 $24.05 $50,030 1.9 %
17-3021 Aerospace Engineering and Operations Technicians 510 0.02% $20.72 $19.69 $40,940 2.5 %
17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians 70 0.00% $17.97 $18.83 $39,170 2.7 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 6,100 0.18% $16.18 $17.99 $37,420 5.0 %
17-3024 Electro-Mechanical Technicians 1,200 0.04% $13.38 $15.43 $32,100 4.4 %
17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technicians 50 0.00% $16.16 $18.95 $39,410 6.1 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 670 0.02% $12.96 $14.12 $29,370 5.1 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 2,040 0.06% $19.26 $20.04 $41,680 1.6 %
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 360 0.01% $16.05 $19.34 $40,220 7.6 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 25,100 0.74% $11.35 $14.29 $29,730 5.7 %
19-1021 Biochemists and Biophysicists (6) (6) $48.55 $51.93 $108,020 7.6 %
19-1022 Microbiologists 80 0.00% $22.11 $23.34 $48,560 4.7 %
19-1042 Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists 110 0.00% $22.81 $26.25 $54,600 9.2 %
19-2031 Chemists 1,120 0.03% $20.40 $21.09 $43,870 1.6 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health (6) (6) $20.53 $21.54 $44,810 3.5 %
19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers 80 0.00% $20.48 $22.85 $47,520 5.8 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 530 0.02% $21.46 $22.22 $46,210 3.2 %
19-3022 Survey Researchers 1,040 0.03% $8.71 $11.28 $23,450 10.2 %
19-4011 Agricultural and Food Science Technicians 190 0.01% $13.61 $14.33 $29,800 2.2 %
19-4021 Biological Technicians 430 0.01% $15.07 $16.82 $34,990 6.3 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 1,010 0.03% $14.76 $15.48 $32,200 2.3 %
19-4041 Geological and Petroleum Technicians (6) (6) $15.32 $18.31 $38,080 6.8 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health 70 0.00% $14.75 $14.13 $29,390 3.2 %
Community and Social Services Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 2,810 0.08% $11.23 $13.68 $28,460 5.0 %
21-1012 Educational, Vocational, and School Counselors 430 0.01% $20.04 $17.74 $36,910 7.5 %
21-1015 Rehabilitation Counselors 60 0.00% $14.12 $14.73 $30,630 4.9 %
21-1021 Child, Family, and School Social Workers 180 0.01% $15.02 $15.56 $32,360 2.5 %
21-1022 Medical and Public Health Social Workers 200 0.01% $16.41 $19.46 $40,480 7.8 %
21-1023 Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers 180 0.01% $22.55 $22.67 $47,150 12.9 %
21-1091 Health Educators (6) (6) $11.17 $14.46 $30,070 14.3 %
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants 610 0.02% $9.34 $10.06 $20,920 2.6 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 4,640 0.14% $22.29 $29.82 $62,030 10.2 %
23-1011 Lawyers 1,390 0.04% $32.82 $35.10 $73,020 3.4 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 1,370 0.04% $18.63 $19.46 $40,480 2.9 %
23-2092 Law Clerks 80 0.00% $12.21 $12.68 $26,380 4.6 %
23-2093 Title Examiners, Abstractors, and Searchers 500 0.01% $10.37 $11.38 $23,660 3.6 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 18,100 0.53% $14.45 $16.35 $34,000 3.3 %
25-1194 Vocational Education Teachers, Postsecondary 110 0.00% $13.72 $15.91 $33,100 7.6 %
25-2011 Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education 380 0.01% $9.31 $10.85 $22,560 6.5 %
25-2021 Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education 5,330 0.16% (4) (4) $39,050 5.0 %
25-2031 Secondary School Teachers, Except Special and Vocational Education 1,920 0.06% (4) (4) $41,160 4.1 %
25-3011 Adult Literacy, Remedial Education, and Ged Teachers and Instructors 60 0.00% $15.56 $15.90 $33,080 3.2 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 280 0.01% $11.43 $11.88 $24,700 2.9 %
25-4021 Librarians 90 0.00% $16.73 $17.88 $37,190 4.4 %
25-4031 Library Technicians 90 0.00% $12.89 $12.98 $26,990 2.7 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 120 0.00% $16.51 $18.42 $38,310 4.4 %
25-9041 Teacher Assistants 900 0.03% (4) (4) $21,020 4.6 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 19,590 0.58% $22.29 $25.81 $53,690 5.8 %
27-1011 Art Directors 200 0.01% $30.81 $37.73 $78,490 8.8 %
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators 40 0.00% $20.67 $20.78 $43,230 7.6 %
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators (6) (6) $17.04 $20.34 $42,300 9.6 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 2,170 0.06% $30.59 $30.37 $63,170 1.7 %
27-1023 Floral Designers 360 0.01% $10.10 $10.44 $21,710 2.5 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 3,290 0.10% $24.11 $24.65 $51,270 2.4 %
27-1025 Interior Designers 90 0.00% $22.51 $23.47 $48,820 5.2 %
27-1026 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 1,910 0.06% $8.96 $9.21 $19,160 2.6 %
27-1027 Set and Exhibit Designers 330 0.01% $14.55 $16.33 $33,970 8.6 %
27-2011 Actors 1,380 0.04% (4) (4) $47,680 17.9 %
27-3010 Announcers (6) (6) $8.43 $10.73 $22,330 7.6 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 950 0.03% $16.09 $18.56 $38,610 4.5 %
27-3041 Editors 720 0.02% $21.86 $29.46 $61,270 14.6 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 2,160 0.06% $28.34 $30.42 $63,280 2.2 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 250 0.01% $24.96 $24.15 $50,230 5.9 %
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators 220 0.01% $12.71 $13.90 $28,910 2.8 %
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians (6) (6) $39.61 $39.84 $82,860 5.4 %
27-4021 Photographers 160 0.00% $8.15 $10.42 $21,680 6.5 %
27-4031 Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Picture 180 0.01% $12.64 $16.60 $34,520 13.3 %
27-4032 Film and Video Editors (6) (6) $22.13 $23.50 $48,880 6.3 %
Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 130,710 3.86% $23.29 $24.79 $51,550 1.1 %
29-1020 Dentists 160 0.00% $45.07 $54.44 $113,230 9.1 %
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists 100 0.00% $17.09 $19.66 $40,890 3.8 %
29-1041 Optometrists 60 0.00% $38.79 $41.48 $86,270 9.7 %
29-1051 Pharmacists 1,310 0.04% $34.69 $35.92 $74,710 3.2 %
29-1062 Family and General Practitioners 320 0.01% $44.26 $44.11 $91,740 9.3 %
29-1071 Physician Assistants (6) (6) $32.94 $32.68 $67,980 2.3 %
29-1081 Podiatrists 30 0.00% $33.96 $46.95 $97,650 18.6 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 67,020 1.98% $26.91 $27.66 $57,530 1.8 %
29-1122 Occupational Therapists 660 0.02% $27.28 $27.39 $56,980 2.0 %
29-1123 Physical Therapists 1,200 0.04% $28.09 $28.77 $59,840 2.6 %
29-1126 Respiratory Therapists 550 0.02% $20.12 $18.79 $39,090 12.8 %
29-1127 Speech-Language Pathologists 300 0.01% $30.02 $31.44 $65,390 2.7 %
29-2011 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 290 0.01% $23.14 $25.62 $53,290 9.7 %
29-2012 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 2,240 0.07% $13.67 $15.25 $31,710 2.8 %
29-2021 Dental Hygienists 1,360 0.04% $30.68 $33.30 $69,260 7.5 %
29-2031 Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians 100 0.00% $21.62 $21.89 $45,540 8.8 %
29-2034 Radiologic Technologists and Technicians 1,510 0.04% $23.28 $23.60 $49,080 2.5 %
29-2041 Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics 230 0.01% $9.54 $10.35 $21,520 5.6 %
29-2052 Pharmacy Technicians 450 0.01% $12.95 $12.68 $26,370 2.0 %
29-2053 Psychiatric Technicians 1,870 0.06% $10.33 $12.91 $26,840 2.6 %
29-2054 Respiratory Therapy Technicians 80 0.00% $19.37 $18.20 $37,860 3.7 %
29-2055 Surgical Technologists 460 0.01% $17.14 $17.62 $36,650 4.1 %
29-2056 Veterinary Technologists and Technicians 110 0.00% $12.22 $12.42 $25,840 7.2 %
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses 36,260 1.07% $19.50 $19.61 $40,800 0.8 %
29-2071 Medical Records and Health Information Technicians 1,200 0.04% $10.19 $11.32 $23,550 3.2 %
29-2081 Opticians, Dispensing 140 0.00% $11.76 $12.28 $25,540 2.4 %
29-9010 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists and Technicians 1,100 0.03% $23.59 $25.69 $53,430 8.8 %
Healthcare Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 83,780 2.48% $10.59 $11.01 $22,900 0.8 %
31-1011 Home Health Aides 26,470 0.78% $9.21 $9.69 $20,150 1.1 %
31-1012 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 47,730 1.41% $11.38 $11.41 $23,730 1.0 %
31-2011 Occupational Therapist Assistants (6) (6) $30.71 $26.90 $55,940 4.9 %
31-2012 Occupational Therapist Aides 110 0.00% $8.71 $10.04 $20,880 7.5 %
31-2021 Physical Therapist Assistants 300 0.01% $17.74 $17.81 $37,040 3.3 %
31-2022 Physical Therapist Aides 150 0.00% $10.96 $11.51 $23,950 4.1 %
31-9011 Massage Therapists 90 0.00% $15.75 $16.30 $33,910 5.0 %
31-9091 Dental Assistants 1,360 0.04% $14.59 $14.53 $30,230 2.0 %
31-9092 Medical Assistants 3,820 0.11% $11.18 $11.57 $24,060 1.4 %
31-9093 Medical Equipment Preparers 100 0.00% $11.15 $11.58 $24,090 3.4 %
31-9094 Medical Transcriptionists 220 0.01% $13.93 $14.36 $29,860 5.6 %
31-9095 Pharmacy Aides 90 0.00% $11.64 $11.09 $23,060 3.3 %
31-9096 Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers 130 0.00% $14.83 $13.98 $29,080 5.8 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 15,790 0.47% $8.48 $9.38 $19,500 3.1 %
33-9021 Private Detectives and Investigators 840 0.02% $10.51 $11.27 $23,440 5.0 %
33-9032 Security Guards 11,590 0.34% $8.26 $8.86 $18,430 3.0 %
33-9091 Crossing Guards 2,270 0.07% $8.19 $9.03 $18,790 5.8 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 66,650 1.97% $7.91 $8.59 $17,880 1.1 %
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 280 0.01% $17.03 $18.07 $37,580 3.1 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 1,770 0.05% $13.33 $14.34 $29,830 2.6 %
35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food 310 0.01% $7.52 $10.37 $21,580 8.2 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 1,320 0.04% $9.56 $9.24 $19,220 6.0 %
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant 1,520 0.04% $9.34 $9.58 $19,930 1.6 %
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order 3,450 0.10% $9.26 $8.87 $18,460 2.4 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 9,590 0.28% $7.75 $7.93 $16,500 1.3 %
35-3011 Bartenders 2,350 0.07% $8.79 $9.45 $19,660 2.8 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 9,600 0.28% $7.64 $8.03 $16,710 1.2 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 1,280 0.04% $7.40 $7.54 $15,680 1.8 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses 11,430 0.34% $9.46 $9.42 $19,600 3.5 %
35-3041 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant 2,810 0.08% $8.09 $8.54 $17,760 3.4 %
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 11,490 0.34% $7.43 $8.17 $16,980 2.0 %
35-9021 Dishwashers 5,350 0.16% $7.02 $7.13 $14,840 1.0 %
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop 520 0.02% $7.59 $7.79 $16,200 1.2 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 86,470 2.56% $7.82 $8.35 $17,360 0.8 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 1,880 0.06% $11.54 $13.30 $27,660 3.6 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 1,000 0.03% $12.60 $13.96 $29,040 2.7 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 41,900 1.24% $7.69 $8.02 $16,680 0.9 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 14,880 0.44% $7.59 $7.83 $16,290 1.0 %
37-2021 Pest Control Workers 220 0.01% $10.00 $10.45 $21,750 5.0 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 22,320 0.66% $8.05 $8.61 $17,900 2.0 %
37-3012 Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation 160 0.00% $11.91 $11.96 $24,890 3.6 %
37-3013 Tree Trimmers and Pruners 70 0.00% $9.92 $10.40 $21,640 3.4 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 18,270 0.54% $8.22 $9.55 $19,870 3.4 %
39-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service Workers 300 0.01% $13.23 $14.15 $29,440 3.2 %
39-2021 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers 110 0.00% $8.08 $8.59 $17,870 5.1 %
39-3021 Motion Picture Projectionists (6) (6) $7.83 $9.21 $19,170 1.7 %
39-3031 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 4,220 0.12% $6.51 $6.72 $13,980 3.6 %
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 1,590 0.05% $6.76 $7.12 $14,810 1.9 %
39-5011 Barbers 40 0.00% $11.69 $11.99 $24,930 5.6 %
39-5012 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 1,340 0.04% $12.12 $13.29 $27,650 8.5 %
39-5092 Manicurists and Pedicurists 40 0.00% $8.41 $9.27 $19,290 5.3 %
39-6011 Baggage Porters and Bellhops 350 0.01% $8.87 $9.01 $18,730 3.9 %
39-6012 Concierges 140 0.00% $9.15 $10.22 $21,260 3.2 %
39-6021 Tour Guides and Escorts 380 0.01% $10.02 $10.17 $21,150 3.5 %
39-6032 Transportation Attendants, Except Flight Attendants and Baggage Porters 240 0.01% $8.75 $9.11 $18,940 5.9 %
39-9011 Child Care Workers 950 0.03% $7.95 $8.24 $17,140 1.9 %
39-9021 Personal and Home Care Aides 3,180 0.09% $8.80 $8.87 $18,440 1.9 %
39-9031 Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors 1,340 0.04% $12.22 $15.77 $32,810 4.4 %
39-9032 Recreation Workers 330 0.01% $9.08 $9.36 $19,460 2.2 %
39-9041 Residential Advisors 110 0.00% $7.93 $8.71 $18,120 8.0 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 95,530 2.82% $10.26 $13.15 $27,360 2.9 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 2,080 0.06% $15.56 $20.87 $43,410 12.7 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 2,480 0.07% $18.18 $22.74 $47,290 3.4 %
41-2011 Cashiers 22,410 0.66% $7.86 $7.97 $16,570 1.4 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 2,330 0.07% $9.46 $9.86 $20,500 2.7 %
41-2022 Parts Salespersons 320 0.01% $13.37 $19.39 $40,330 18.1 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 7,010 0.21% $9.35 $10.40 $21,630 2.1 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents 320 0.01% $15.79 $18.10 $37,640 4.8 %
41-3021 Insurance Sales Agents 420 0.01% $13.36 $14.62 $30,420 5.5 %
41-3031 Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents 50 0.00% $21.19 $40.02 $83,250 14.0 %
41-3041 Travel Agents 620 0.02% $13.89 $13.78 $28,670 3.3 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 780 0.02% $25.71 $27.26 $56,700 4.1 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 8,210 0.24% $17.15 $19.67 $40,920 2.7 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters 10,650 0.31% $10.41 $11.83 $24,620 3.2 %
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents 890 0.03% $18.07 $17.23 $35,840 10.6 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers 130 0.00% $29.72 $28.45 $59,170 5.5 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 16,720 0.49% $9.41 $10.14 $21,090 1.5 %
41-9091 Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers 130 0.00% $21.80 $22.52 $46,850 16.3 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 962,300 28.44% $10.51 $11.29 $23,490 0.4 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 19,240 0.57% $15.89 $17.75 $36,910 2.0 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 13,290 0.39% $9.43 $9.58 $19,930 2.2 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 8,410 0.25% $12.18 $12.69 $26,380 1.1 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 7,940 0.23% $11.35 $12.12 $25,210 2.6 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 46,580 1.38% $11.53 $12.28 $25,540 1.8 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 8,510 0.25% $12.63 $13.51 $28,110 1.6 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 850 0.03% $13.86 $15.73 $32,710 2.4 %
43-3071 Tellers 1,100 0.03% $9.78 $9.58 $19,920 1.6 %
43-4011 Brokerage Clerks (6) (6) $15.00 $15.28 $31,780 5.8 %
43-4021 Correspondence Clerks 1,710 0.05% $11.64 $11.45 $23,820 1.5 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 1,570 0.05% $10.86 $13.44 $27,950 8.6 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 74,390 2.20% $10.82 $11.34 $23,580 0.6 %
43-4071 File Clerks 33,960 1.00% $9.23 $9.55 $19,860 1.0 %
43-4081 Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks 410 0.01% $10.45 $10.15 $21,120 4.1 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan 5,630 0.17% $10.24 $11.05 $22,980 2.3 %
43-4121 Library Assistants, Clerical 50 0.00% $10.52 $10.50 $21,840 2.9 %
43-4131 Loan Interviewers and Clerks 700 0.02% $13.98 $14.10 $29,320 3.4 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 5,280 0.16% $10.40 $10.81 $22,480 1.2 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 6,430 0.19% $11.82 $12.52 $26,030 1.4 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 70,020 2.07% $10.05 $10.31 $21,440 0.7 %
43-4181 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks (6) (6) $8.88 $9.98 $20,760 4.4 %
43-5011 Cargo and Freight Agents (6) (6) $18.93 $19.03 $39,580 2.8 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 1,670 0.05% $8.69 $9.41 $19,570 3.6 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 3,270 0.10% $11.57 $12.48 $25,950 2.8 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 7,120 0.21% $10.64 $12.30 $25,580 2.9 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 31,030 0.92% $9.22 $9.89 $20,580 1.0 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 46,380 1.37% $8.71 $9.16 $19,040 0.6 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 460 0.01% $9.44 $10.17 $21,140 7.0 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 66,820 1.97% $14.28 $14.98 $31,170 0.8 %
43-6012 Legal Secretaries 3,980 0.12% $16.97 $17.12 $35,610 1.7 %
43-6013 Medical Secretaries 3,390 0.10% $11.40 $11.93 $24,820 1.5 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 82,090 2.43% $11.70 $12.12 $25,220 0.6 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 6,870 0.20% $11.82 $13.64 $28,380 1.8 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 72,800 2.15% $10.17 $10.38 $21,590 0.4 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 27,980 0.83% $11.56 $12.44 $25,880 2.7 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 740 0.02% $20.06 $19.32 $40,190 2.2 %
43-9041 Insurance Claims and Policy Processing Clerks 1,440 0.04% $10.60 $11.99 $24,940 7.1 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 14,410 0.43% $9.00 $9.15 $19,020 0.8 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 206,270 6.10% $9.92 $10.39 $21,620 0.5 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 4,280 0.13% $9.90 $10.34 $21,510 1.2 %
43-9081 Proofreaders and Copy Markers 2,210 0.07% $9.41 $11.51 $23,930 6.6 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants 390 0.01% $12.38 $15.88 $33,040 5.8 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 18,230 0.54% $6.85 $7.51 $15,620 5.6 %
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers 80 0.00% $17.40 $18.31 $38,080 5.9 %
45-2041 Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products 380 0.01% $7.09 $7.75 $16,110 6.1 %
45-2091 Agricultural Equipment Operators 170 0.01% $9.09 $9.88 $20,550 2.8 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 16,600 0.49% $6.77 $7.24 $15,060 5.9 %
45-2093 Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals 570 0.02% $9.56 $9.86 $20,510 1.4 %
45-4022 Logging Equipment Operators 270 0.01% $12.58 $12.43 $25,860 5.5 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 167,480 4.95% $8.69 $10.54 $21,920 1.9 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 2,840 0.08% $18.40 $20.01 $41,620 3.0 %
47-2011 Boilermakers 250 0.01% $17.82 $18.01 $37,460 10.7 %
47-2021 Brickmasons and Blockmasons 1,390 0.04% $10.85 $12.90 $26,840 5.1 %
47-2022 Stonemasons 440 0.01% $12.31 $14.49 $30,150 5.2 %
47-2031 Carpenters 21,760 0.64% $12.58 $13.85 $28,820 1.7 %
47-2041 Carpet Installers 130 0.00% $10.56 $18.00 $37,440 18.7 %
47-2044 Tile and Marble Setters 230 0.01% $16.73 $19.41 $40,370 8.0 %
47-2051 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers 2,460 0.07% $12.00 $13.60 $28,280 4.6 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 52,590 1.55% $7.38 $8.76 $18,230 3.0 %
47-2071 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 610 0.02% $8.66 $9.62 $20,010 4.1 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 960 0.03% $14.90 $15.29 $31,790 4.0 %
47-2081 Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers 2,480 0.07% $11.42 $12.58 $26,180 1.7 %
47-2111 Electricians 9,090 0.27% $15.46 $16.28 $33,860 2.3 %
47-2130 Insulation Workers (6) (6) $12.46 $12.47 $25,930 3.1 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 7,430 0.22% $10.21 $11.16 $23,210 1.2 %
47-2142 Paperhangers 70 0.00% $16.66 $17.25 $35,880 7.0 %
47-2151 Pipelayers (6) (6) $10.25 $10.63 $22,110 5.4 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 4,240 0.13% $14.24 $15.59 $32,430 3.0 %
47-2161 Plasterers and Stucco Masons 220 0.01% $14.89 $15.89 $33,050 3.5 %
47-2171 Reinforcing Iron and Rebar Workers 220 0.01% $16.29 $18.79 $39,090 15.0 %
47-2181 Roofers 3,000 0.09% $12.23 $13.27 $27,590 1.1 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 1,640 0.05% $10.36 $11.81 $24,560 4.1 %
47-2221 Structural Iron and Steel Workers 1,200 0.04% $13.24 $15.25 $31,720 4.0 %
47-3011 Helpers—Brickmasons, Blockmasons, Stonemasons, and Tile and Marble Setters 180 0.01% $14.19 $14.09 $29,310 8.0 %
47-3012 Helpers—Carpenters 1,240 0.04% $7.86 $8.49 $17,660 2.3 %
47-3013 Helpers—Electricians 1,230 0.04% $9.60 $9.96 $20,720 3.0 %
47-3014 Helpers—Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons 210 0.01% $8.22 $8.76 $18,210 2.8 %
47-3015 Helpers—Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 270 0.01% $8.07 $9.06 $18,840 5.6 %
47-3016 Helpers—Roofers 240 0.01% $9.28 $10.59 $22,030 9.9 %
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors 280 0.01% $19.96 $21.17 $44,040 7.1 %
47-4031 Fence Erectors 60 0.00% $11.38 $12.06 $25,090 3.7 %
47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 790 0.02% $11.57 $14.05 $29,220 10.3 %
47-4051 Highway Maintenance Workers 1,830 0.05% $7.25 $8.53 $17,740 8.0 %
47-5021 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas 80 0.00% $13.69 $15.09 $31,380 10.3 %
47-5071 Roustabouts, Oil and Gas 480 0.01% $10.32 $10.33 $21,490 3.0 %
47-5081 Helpers—Extraction Workers 450 0.01% $12.96 $13.19 $27,440 3.8 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 44,080 1.30% $12.33 $13.91 $28,930 1.2 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 1,640 0.05% $21.02 $22.10 $45,960 2.2 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 1,760 0.05% $15.80 $18.49 $38,470 2.4 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 1,150 0.03% $14.46 $15.81 $32,890 2.9 %
49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers 70 0.00% $14.52 $14.70 $30,570 10.0 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 820 0.02% $11.91 $13.34 $27,740 2.8 %
49-2096 Electronic Equipment Installers and Repairers, Motor Vehicles (6) (6) $13.92 $14.48 $30,110 2.3 %
49-2097 Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Installers and Repairers (6) (6) $15.71 $15.85 $32,970 7.6 %
49-2098 Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers 1,130 0.03% $15.24 $16.36 $34,040 4.2 %
49-3011 Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians 1,110 0.03% $17.83 $21.37 $44,450 10.4 %
49-3021 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 490 0.01% $8.12 $9.69 $20,160 3.7 %
49-3022 Automotive Glass Installers and Repairers 60 0.00% $11.09 $12.71 $26,430 4.3 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 5,450 0.16% $12.95 $13.73 $28,550 2.2 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 2,280 0.07% $13.11 $14.61 $30,400 3.4 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 40 0.00% $15.70 $15.91 $33,100 3.5 %
49-3053 Outdoor Power Equipment and Other Small Engine Mechanics 90 0.00% $10.84 $14.41 $29,970 12.3 %
49-3093 Tire Repairers and Changers 80 0.00% $8.56 $9.90 $20,600 3.3 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 900 0.03% $11.86 $12.81 $26,640 2.1 %
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers 240 0.01% $17.33 $16.34 $33,980 5.4 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 470 0.01% $15.29 $16.62 $34,580 3.1 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 12,850 0.38% $10.84 $12.13 $25,230 1.7 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 690 0.02% $11.05 $14.11 $29,350 7.9 %
49-9044 Millwrights 1,130 0.03% $14.36 $18.50 $38,490 14.7 %
49-9045 Refractory Materials Repairers, Except Brickmasons 90 0.00% $14.31 $13.84 $28,790 11.3 %
49-9051 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 460 0.01% $22.29 $23.22 $48,290 4.5 %
49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers 1,820 0.05% $13.71 $15.07 $31,330 4.2 %
49-9061 Camera and Photographic Equipment Repairers 80 0.00% $9.82 $10.64 $22,130 8.6 %
49-9062 Medical Equipment Repairers 60 0.00% $7.35 $7.50 $15,600 1.6 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers 80 0.00% $10.92 $10.84 $22,540 4.7 %
49-9094 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers 40 0.00% $14.86 $14.17 $29,480 4.9 %
49-9095 Manufactured Building and Mobile Home Installers 70 0.00% $10.51 $10.63 $22,110 9.2 %
49-9096 Riggers 180 0.01% $11.61 $13.73 $28,550 6.3 %
49-9098 Helpers—Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 4,450 0.13% $8.89 $9.65 $20,080 1.8 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 619,350 18.30% $8.20 $8.73 $18,160 0.5 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 4,830 0.14% $14.53 $16.73 $34,790 3.7 %
51-2011 Aircraft Structure, Surfaces, Rigging, and Systems Assemblers 270 0.01% $10.48 $13.81 $28,720 12.0 %
51-2021 Coil Winders, Tapers, and Finishers 150 0.00% $9.70 $9.92 $20,630 2.5 %
51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 13,980 0.41% $8.27 $8.53 $17,750 1.5 %
51-2023 Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers 620 0.02% $8.91 $9.29 $19,310 2.3 %
51-2031 Engine and Other Machine Assemblers 800 0.02% $9.28 $9.79 $20,360 1.9 %
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters 1,920 0.06% $17.81 $16.17 $33,630 4.3 %
51-2091 Fiberglass Laminators and Fabricators 1,650 0.05% $10.58 $11.76 $24,470 4.1 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 57,520 1.70% $8.30 $8.53 $17,740 0.8 %
51-3011 Bakers 680 0.02% $8.95 $9.71 $20,190 3.9 %
51-3021 Butchers and Meat Cutters 760 0.02% $10.64 $11.58 $24,080 10.4 %
51-3022 Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers 1,200 0.04% $8.80 $9.56 $19,880 2.8 %
51-3023 Slaughterers and Meat Packers 710 0.02% $8.33 $8.54 $17,770 6.3 %
51-3091 Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders 40 0.00% $12.95 $12.74 $26,500 4.2 %
51-3092 Food Batchmakers 1,240 0.04% $8.44 $9.64 $20,050 3.1 %
51-3093 Food Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders 680 0.02% $6.78 $7.76 $16,130 5.1 %
51-4011 Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic 620 0.02% $10.32 $13.43 $27,940 6.6 %
51-4012 Numerical Tool and Process Control Programmers (6) (6) $9.33 $12.58 $26,170 19.3 %
51-4021 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 7,280 0.22% $8.08 $8.24 $17,130 1.1 %
51-4022 Forging Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 5,590 0.17% $8.05 $8.51 $17,700 1.4 %
51-4023 Rolling Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 2,850 0.08% $8.02 $8.63 $17,950 2.3 %
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 19,230 0.57% $8.54 $8.90 $18,520 0.7 %
51-4032 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (6) (6) $13.57 $14.91 $31,000 3.5 %
51-4033 Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 330 0.01% $8.23 $8.76 $18,220 2.2 %
51-4034 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 390 0.01% $10.15 $11.52 $23,960 5.8 %
51-4035 Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 240 0.01% $8.26 $8.69 $18,070 3.9 %
51-4041 Machinists 19,150 0.57% $9.41 $10.21 $21,230 1.0 %
51-4051 Metal-Refining Furnace Operators and Tenders 80 0.00% $13.21 $14.66 $30,500 10.9 %
51-4052 Pourers and Casters, Metal 100 0.00% $12.41 $13.12 $27,290 4.4 %
51-4071 Foundry Mold and Coremakers 80 0.00% $10.00 $10.88 $22,630 8.1 %
51-4072 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 4,240 0.13% $7.58 $7.80 $16,220 0.9 %
51-4081 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 1,180 0.03% $8.71 $9.33 $19,400 2.1 %
51-4111 Tool and Die Makers 400 0.01% $9.72 $12.52 $26,040 8.2 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 15,560 0.46% $10.66 $11.51 $23,930 1.4 %
51-4122 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 440 0.01% $10.13 $10.54 $21,910 2.9 %
51-4191 Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 90 0.00% $10.99 $11.84 $24,630 8.2 %
51-4192 Lay-Out Workers, Metal and Plastic 40 0.00% $11.78 $13.25 $27,550 14.0 %
51-4193 Plating and Coating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 180 0.01% $8.83 $9.19 $19,120 2.1 %
51-4194 Tool Grinders, Filers, and Sharpeners 50 0.00% $12.09 $14.60 $30,360 13.2 %
51-5011 Bindery Workers 8,470 0.25% $7.37 $7.77 $16,150 1.1 %
51-5012 Bookbinders 120 0.00% $10.18 $11.92 $24,790 7.0 %
51-5021 Job Printers 100 0.00% $9.85 $10.24 $21,300 4.8 %
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers 670 0.02% $8.18 $9.03 $18,790 3.7 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 3,760 0.11% $8.67 $9.22 $19,170 1.8 %
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 860 0.03% $8.11 $8.08 $16,800 1.6 %
51-6021 Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 70 0.00% $7.79 $7.75 $16,130 4.0 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators 900 0.03% $8.41 $8.50 $17,680 1.4 %
51-6051 Sewers, Hand (6) (6) $10.27 $13.04 $27,110 11.0 %
51-6052 Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers 80 0.00% $10.82 $11.11 $23,110 2.4 %
51-6061 Textile Bleaching and Dyeing Machine Operators and Tenders 2,750 0.08% $7.69 $8.16 $16,980 2.3 %
51-6062 Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 3,860 0.11% $7.96 $7.98 $16,600 1.5 %
51-6063 Textile Knitting and Weaving Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 120 0.00% $9.19 $8.97 $18,650 6.2 %
51-6064 Textile Winding, Twisting, and Drawing Out Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 140 0.00% $9.11 $9.53 $19,820 4.4 %
51-6092 Fabric and Apparel Patternmakers 30 0.00% $10.25 $11.14 $23,160 8.6 %
51-6093 Upholsterers 300 0.01% $8.05 $8.85 $18,410 5.9 %
51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 490 0.01% $10.94 $12.98 $27,000 4.7 %
51-7021 Furniture Finishers 160 0.00% $8.36 $8.29 $17,250 4.0 %
51-7041 Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood 160 0.00% $9.49 $10.04 $20,890 2.5 %
51-7042 Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing 560 0.02% $9.49 $9.26 $19,260 2.5 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators (6) (6) $21.87 $21.63 $44,980 2.6 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 100 0.00% $12.27 $14.12 $29,380 9.0 %
51-8093 Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, and Gaugers (6) (6) $17.81 $20.04 $41,680 8.5 %
51-9011 Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders 70 0.00% $17.02 $19.56 $40,680 11.0 %
51-9012 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 80 0.00% $7.97 $9.47 $19,700 8.6 %
51-9021 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 570 0.02% $8.83 $8.96 $18,640 1.5 %
51-9022 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 1,220 0.04% $10.53 $11.77 $24,480 4.4 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 1,140 0.03% $6.80 $7.81 $16,240 5.7 %
51-9031 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 30 0.00% $9.39 $9.43 $19,610 3.7 %
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 410 0.01% $7.48 $8.01 $16,670 1.8 %
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 470 0.01% $9.96 $9.95 $20,700 2.0 %
51-9051 Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders 50 0.00% $8.48 $9.20 $19,140 3.5 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 29,690 0.88% $8.85 $9.76 $20,290 1.9 %
51-9071 Jewelers and Precious Stone and Metal Workers 170 0.01% $9.15 $10.97 $22,810 4.8 %
51-9081 Dental Laboratory Technicians 100 0.00% $10.32 $12.85 $26,720 14.4 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 74,170 2.19% $7.93 $8.41 $17,490 3.2 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 380 0.01% $10.09 $10.95 $22,780 3.8 %
51-9122 Painters, Transportation Equipment 40 0.00% $12.63 $13.09 $27,230 4.3 %
51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers 2,500 0.07% $8.37 $8.59 $17,870 1.1 %
51-9131 Photographic Process Workers 100 0.00% $8.68 $9.99 $20,780 5.5 %
51-9132 Photographic Processing Machine Operators 140 0.00% $8.62 $9.77 $20,320 5.0 %
51-9141 Semiconductor Processors (6) (6) $12.19 $12.96 $26,960 3.4 %
51-9192 Cleaning, Washing, and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 60 0.00% $8.67 $9.83 $20,450 5.8 %
51-9194 Etchers and Engravers 300 0.01% $7.17 $8.44 $17,550 5.7 %
51-9195 Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic 180 0.01% $10.29 $13.00 $27,040 11.5 %
51-9196 Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 970 0.03% $7.95 $8.43 $17,540 3.7 %
51-9198 Helpers—Production Workers 103,640 3.06% $7.79 $8.00 $16,630 0.8 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 758,650 22.42% $7.96 $8.66 $18,000 0.8 %
53-1011 Aircraft Cargo Handling Supervisors 450 0.01% $10.97 $12.23 $25,440 4.0 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 2,100 0.06% $15.85 $16.99 $35,340 2.1 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 1,200 0.04% $17.84 $20.10 $41,810 3.8 %
53-2011 Airline Pilots, Copilots, and Flight Engineers (6) (6) (4) (4) $83,170 4.2 %
53-3021 Bus Drivers, Transit and Intercity (6) (6) $9.61 $9.79 $20,360 2.8 %
53-3022 Bus Drivers, School 430 0.01% $8.82 $9.93 $20,660 6.0 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 3,560 0.11% $10.11 $11.90 $24,750 4.1 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 36,370 1.07% $15.36 $15.77 $32,810 2.3 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light Or Delivery Services 19,440 0.57% $10.55 $11.63 $24,200 2.2 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 3,960 0.12% $8.22 $8.61 $17,910 3.2 %
53-5011 Sailors and Marine Oilers 180 0.01% $13.75 $18.80 $39,100 14.4 %
53-5021 Captains, Mates, and Pilots of Water Vessels 130 0.00% $24.01 $23.21 $48,270 3.7 %
53-6021 Parking Lot Attendants 1,710 0.05% $6.87 $7.47 $15,540 3.3 %
53-6031 Service Station Attendants 280 0.01% $7.77 $8.62 $17,930 5.0 %
53-7011 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 820 0.02% $8.51 $8.56 $17,790 1.6 %
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators 190 0.01% $15.23 $16.39 $34,090 4.5 %
53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators 360 0.01% $10.36 $11.96 $24,870 4.1 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 23,010 0.68% $9.87 $10.46 $21,760 1.2 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 3,000 0.09% $8.23 $8.40 $17,470 2.4 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 464,910 13.74% $7.90 $8.21 $17,070 0.6 %
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 1,030 0.03% $8.07 $8.05 $16,750 4.5 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 152,050 4.49% $7.65 $7.76 $16,130 0.6 %
53-7071 Gas Compressor and Gas Pumping Station Operators 410 0.01% $15.29 $14.94 $31,070 3.0 %
53-7072 Pump Operators, Except Wellhead Pumpers 300 0.01% $13.77 $13.92 $28,950 2.4 %
53-7081 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 22,040 0.65% $6.42 $7.27 $15,110 5.6 %

About 2002 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Data for detailed occupations does not sum to the totals because the totals include data for occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) = Hourly wage rates for occupations where workers typically work fewer than 2,080 hours per year are not available.

(6) =Estimates not released.



Other OES estimates and related information:

2002 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

2002 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

2002 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

2002 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Technical notes

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Last Modified Date: November 26, 2003

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