Occupational Employment Statistics

2002 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 541720 - Research and Development in the Social Sciences and Humanities

These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in NAICS Industry 541720 - Research and Development in the Social Sciences and Humanities.

These and other data elements, including the 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages are available in the downloadable Excel files (XLS).

NAICS Industry 541720 - Research and Development in the Social Sciences and Humanities is part of: NAICS 541700 - Scientific Research and Development Services.

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in in NAICS 541720 - Research and Development in the Social Sciences and Humanities:

NAICS 541720 - Research and Development in the Social Sciences and Humanities

Click on the SOC code number to view an occupational profile.

Industry Total top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 Industry Total 71,010 100.00% $20.07 $25.10 $52,210 2.2 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 8,470 11.93% $38.89 $45.01 $93,620 3.3 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 1,270 1.79% $63.84 $66.33 $137,960 5.1 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 2,230 3.14% $41.42 $48.65 $101,200 3.2 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 50 0.07% $24.50 $29.37 $61,090 8.7 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 400 0.56% $42.13 $44.43 $92,420 7.5 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 100 0.14% $38.58 $47.32 $98,430 12.5 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 390 0.55% $26.31 $30.69 $63,820 5.3 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 720 1.01% $17.31 $24.07 $50,060 9.8 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 460 0.65% $42.03 $43.62 $90,730 2.9 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 570 0.80% $36.82 $37.12 $77,210 3.5 %
11-3040 Human Resources Managers 200 0.28% $38.11 $40.99 $85,260 2.9 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 40 0.06% $32.61 $35.40 $73,630 7.4 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 210 0.30% $45.75 $48.24 $100,350 4.3 %
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 110 0.15% $43.11 $48.31 $100,480 8.3 %
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers 340 0.48% $43.40 $48.62 $101,140 7.6 %
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers 100 0.14% $36.31 $41.60 $86,530 12.0 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 5,710 8.04% $23.06 $26.64 $55,410 4.7 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 170 0.24% $21.65 $21.16 $44,020 4.3 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation (6) (6) $16.00 $20.93 $43,530 2.4 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists (6) (6) $23.74 $24.98 $51,960 11.3 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 60 0.08% $23.59 $24.64 $51,260 2.6 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 640 0.90% $17.62 $22.92 $47,680 14.3 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 1,120 1.58% $33.74 $35.10 $73,000 7.1 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 820 1.15% $23.07 $26.24 $54,570 7.8 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts (6) (6) $23.82 $24.16 $50,250 4.3 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts (6) (6) $21.36 $22.93 $47,690 4.2 %
Computer and Mathematical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations 6,310 8.89% $27.62 $29.69 $61,750 1.8 %
15-1011 Computer and Information Scientists, Research 460 0.65% $36.59 $39.03 $81,190 4.9 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 440 0.62% $31.48 $31.40 $65,320 3.5 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 1,050 1.48% $35.06 $34.22 $71,180 4.7 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 250 0.35% $32.59 $34.46 $71,690 7.4 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 780 1.10% $20.21 $20.51 $42,660 2.9 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 730 1.03% $26.05 $27.26 $56,690 4.5 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 260 0.37% $24.20 $26.71 $55,550 3.7 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 400 0.56% $27.84 $28.65 $59,600 3.0 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 260 0.37% $25.25 $25.97 $54,020 2.2 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 280 0.39% $28.43 $29.69 $61,750 5.0 %
15-2041 Statisticians 530 0.75% $24.97 $27.54 $57,280 5.8 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 2,070 2.92% $28.39 $29.51 $61,370 2.2 %
17-1022 Surveyors (6) (6) $14.45 $15.73 $32,710 12.0 %
17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers 190 0.27% $39.57 $41.66 $86,660 4.9 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 210 0.30% $33.72 $33.67 $70,040 5.8 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors (6) (6) $22.39 $30.68 $63,810 2.5 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 40 0.06% $26.47 $29.28 $60,900 8.2 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 260 0.37% $29.84 $31.57 $65,680 4.1 %
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters (6) (6) $15.33 $15.52 $32,280 6.9 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 90 0.13% $23.87 $23.72 $49,340 2.9 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 170 0.24% $22.63 $22.96 $47,760 8.7 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 15,500 21.83% $22.59 $27.18 $56,530 4.8 %
19-1010 Agricultural and Food Scientists 190 0.27% $20.73 $24.04 $50,000 16.1 %
19-1021 Biochemists and Biophysicists 300 0.42% $23.35 $26.36 $54,820 6.3 %
19-1042 Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists 500 0.70% $27.99 $29.95 $62,290 5.0 %
19-2011 Astronomers 110 0.15% $30.60 $33.99 $70,700 8.6 %
19-2012 Physicists 420 0.59% $38.73 $38.72 $80,530 2.0 %
19-2031 Chemists 350 0.49% $30.16 $31.37 $65,240 4.5 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health (6) (6) $26.16 $26.53 $55,180 6.6 %
19-3011 Economists 1,150 1.62% $47.99 $58.61 $121,910 11.9 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 1,580 2.23% $23.79 $24.35 $50,650 5.5 %
19-3022 Survey Researchers 960 1.35% $14.52 $16.45 $34,210 7.6 %
19-3032 Industrial-Organizational Psychologists 330 0.46% $31.94 $36.09 $75,070 2.5 %
19-3041 Sociologists 1,100 1.55% $33.75 $34.39 $71,530 2.1 %
19-3051 Urban and Regional Planners 30 0.04% $18.28 $23.06 $47,970 8.6 %
19-3091 Anthropologists and Archeologists 1,070 1.51% $15.03 $16.85 $35,060 4.5 %
19-3093 Historians 180 0.25% $16.37 $17.50 $36,400 8.0 %
19-3094 Political Scientists 410 0.58% $42.27 $41.72 $86,770 17.1 %
19-4021 Biological Technicians 290 0.41% $17.63 $18.39 $38,250 6.4 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 120 0.17% $15.11 $16.44 $34,180 8.1 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health 50 0.07% $17.43 $17.24 $35,850 7.0 %
Community and Social Services Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 700 0.99% $16.49 $18.12 $37,700 10.5 %
21-1012 Educational, Vocational, and School Counselors (6) (6) $15.74 $16.73 $34,790 7.8 %
21-1022 Medical and Public Health Social Workers 110 0.15% $17.33 $18.51 $38,490 4.1 %
21-1091 Health Educators 150 0.21% $26.92 $27.50 $57,200 5.7 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 230 0.32% $23.24 $38.68 $80,450 11.3 %
23-1011 Lawyers (6) (6) $39.26 $49.57 $103,100 16.6 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 4,500 6.34% $21.45 $31.09 $64,660 13.4 %
25-3011 Adult Literacy, Remedial Education, and Ged Teachers and Instructors 400 0.56% $14.86 $14.97 $31,130 5.9 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 40 0.06% $11.05 $21.67 $45,080 25.5 %
25-4010 Archivists, Curators, and Museum Technicians (6) (6) $18.71 $17.74 $36,890 5.1 %
25-4021 Librarians 110 0.15% $20.99 $22.20 $46,180 3.0 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 1,310 1.84% $23.43 $26.17 $54,420 3.2 %
25-9041 Teacher Assistants (6) (6) (4) (4) $19,400 7.0 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 1,950 2.75% $20.33 $21.05 $43,790 5.7 %
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators 50 0.07% $21.61 $22.94 $47,720 5.2 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers (6) (6) $29.06 $29.03 $60,380 5.1 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 230 0.32% $20.33 $21.57 $44,860 2.9 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 700 0.99% $20.39 $20.91 $43,490 6.1 %
27-3041 Editors 490 0.69% $18.88 $19.64 $40,860 11.6 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 120 0.17% $22.62 $23.70 $49,300 3.8 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 140 0.20% $22.67 $24.17 $50,270 4.5 %
Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations 830 1.17% $21.86 $23.14 $48,140 2.4 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 390 0.55% $23.84 $24.42 $50,790 3.7 %
29-2011 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 30 0.04% $23.15 $22.21 $46,210 4.1 %
29-2012 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 60 0.08% $14.40 $14.85 $30,900 5.7 %
Healthcare Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 150 0.21% $14.89 $15.30 $31,820 6.2 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 140 0.20% $12.72 $14.72 $30,610 6.6 %
33-9032 Security Guards 70 0.10% $11.97 $12.80 $26,620 12.3 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 180 0.25% $10.29 $11.18 $23,260 4.4 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 40 0.06% $10.33 $10.23 $21,270 6.4 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop (6) (6) $7.98 $8.51 $17,690 3.9 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 420 0.59% $11.38 $12.90 $26,820 4.6 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 220 0.31% $10.33 $11.31 $23,520 4.3 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 40 0.06% $9.63 $10.93 $22,740 16.2 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 110 0.15% $14.68 $14.94 $31,070 13.5 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 600 0.84% $7.04 $8.32 $17,300 5.5 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 2,080 2.93% $10.25 $16.29 $33,880 11.5 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 40 0.06% $30.13 $42.56 $88,530 20.8 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons (6) (6) $10.60 $11.60 $24,130 8.1 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 70 0.10% $19.51 $19.06 $39,650 10.8 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 1,140 1.61% $7.72 $8.74 $18,190 6.0 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 19,690 27.73% $13.10 $14.27 $29,690 2.3 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 1,230 1.73% $21.96 $23.66 $49,200 2.9 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 90 0.13% $12.66 $12.88 $26,790 2.5 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 130 0.18% $15.73 $16.45 $34,210 3.8 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 50 0.07% $15.68 $15.18 $31,580 2.6 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 780 1.10% $15.12 $15.82 $32,900 2.9 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 90 0.13% $16.67 $16.67 $34,670 3.0 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 250 0.35% $14.63 $15.69 $32,640 3.1 %
43-4071 File Clerks 60 0.08% $11.38 $11.76 $24,450 3.4 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan 5,150 7.25% $8.50 $9.01 $18,750 2.5 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 40 0.06% $13.76 $13.72 $28,530 5.0 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 130 0.18% $16.25 $16.61 $34,550 2.8 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 580 0.82% $11.87 $11.87 $24,690 2.5 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 60 0.08% $19.23 $19.80 $41,190 4.4 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 3,430 4.83% $17.78 $18.92 $39,360 2.6 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 2,200 3.10% $14.61 $15.71 $32,690 3.7 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 110 0.15% $16.51 $18.40 $38,270 5.0 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 980 1.38% $11.78 $12.25 $25,480 3.6 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 260 0.37% $16.35 $16.72 $34,790 4.0 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 300 0.42% $10.99 $11.42 $23,750 4.0 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 2,350 3.31% $12.08 $12.76 $26,530 3.1 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 60 0.08% $13.19 $13.91 $28,920 5.8 %
43-9081 Proofreaders and Copy Markers (6) (6) $10.73 $12.31 $25,600 7.2 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants 180 0.25% $11.94 $14.01 $29,130 7.5 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 180 0.25% $19.73 $19.25 $40,030 10.6 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 30 0.04% $25.12 $25.97 $54,020 7.5 %
47-2111 Electricians 40 0.06% $23.80 $23.09 $48,020 7.3 %
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors (6) (6) $22.31 $21.75 $45,240 7.7 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 460 0.65% $16.02 $17.03 $35,420 5.8 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers (6) (6) $17.11 $20.73 $43,110 4.2 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 40 0.06% $19.98 $20.40 $42,430 6.8 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 160 0.23% $14.96 $15.73 $32,710 4.2 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 500 0.70% $18.45 $18.95 $39,410 6.4 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 30 0.04% $22.42 $21.48 $44,690 11.9 %
51-5021 Job Printers (6) (6) $31.85 $27.96 $58,160 3.3 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations (6) (6) $7.38 $9.95 $20,700 15.2 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light Or Delivery Services 40 0.06% $10.71 $11.65 $24,220 9.4 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand (6) (6) $6.91 $7.72 $16,060 8.9 %

About 2002 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Data for detailed occupations does not sum to the totals because the totals include data for occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Hourly wage rates for occupations where workers typically work fewer than 2,080 hours per year are not available.

(6) Estimates not released.



Other OES estimates and related information:

2002 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

2002 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

2002 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

2002 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download 2002 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: November 26, 2003

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