Occupational Employment Statistics

Occupational Employment and Wages, 2002

47-2061 Construction Laborers

Perform tasks involving physical labor at building, highway, and heavy construction projects, tunnel and shaft excavations, and demolition sites. May operate hand and power tools of all types: air hammers, earth tampers, cement mixers, small mechanical hoists, surveying and measuring equipment, and a variety of other equipment and instruments. May clean and prepare sites, dig trenches, set braces to support the sides of excavations, erect scaffolding, clean up rubble and debris, and remove asbestos, lead, and other hazardous waste materials. May assist other craft workers. Exclude construction laborers who primarily assist a particular craft worker, and classify them under "Helpers, Construction Trades" (47-3011 through 47-3016).

National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
State profile for this occupation
Metropolitan area profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
830,860 1.0 % $13.73 $28,570 0.5 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $7.58 $9.33 $11.90 $17.06 $23.36
Annual Wage (2) $15,770 $19,410 $24,740 $35,490 $48,590

Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage Employment rank Wage rank
Other specialty trade contractors 119,100 $14.10 $29,340 1 28
Nonresidential building construction 112,340 $14.72 $30,610 2 21
Building foundation and exterior contractors 111,330 $13.63 $28,340 3 37
Highway, street, and bridge construction 92,360 $16.03 $33,340 4 14
Residential building construction 88,060 $13.03 $27,090 5 49

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage Employment rank Wage rank
Professional and similar organizations 150 $22.48 $46,750 54 1
Waste collection 210 $18.67 $38,830 50 2
Power generation and supply 690 $18.32 $38,110 26 3
General rental centers 130 $18.24 $37,950 56 4
General medical and surgical hospitals 350 $18.14 $37,730 41 5

State profile for this occupation: Top

States with the highest concentration of workers in this occupation:

State Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage Percent of State employment Wage rank within State
Wyoming 3,180 $10.93 $22,740 1.323% 331
Alaska 2,920 $20.77 $43,200 1.019% 199
Nevada 10,500 $13.63 $28,340 0.994% 387
New Mexico 7,220 $10.09 $20,980 0.988% 455
Montana 3,790 $13.45 $27,970 0.968% 315

Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage Percent of State employment Wage rank within State
Alaska 2,920 $20.77 $43,200 1.019% 199
New York 44,940 $19.34 $40,220 0.542% 323
Massachusetts 17,930 $19.33 $40,200 0.560% 311
New Jersey 14,980 $18.92 $39,350 0.388% 345
Illinois 35,960 $18.52 $38,530 0.621% 308

Metropolitan area profile for this occupation: Top

Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of workers in this occupation:

MSA Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage Percent of MSA employment
McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX MSA 3,070 $7.57 $15,750 1.787%
Gadsden, AL MSA 560 $7.60 $15,800 1.530%
Brazoria, TX PMSA 1,120 $9.12 $18,970 1.479%
Naples, FL MSA 1,640 $11.11 $23,110 1.474%
Goldsboro, NC MSA 620 $8.90 $18,510 1.448%

Top paying Metropolitan areas for this occupation:

MSA Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage Percent of MSA employment
New York, NY PMSA 17,650 $22.04 $45,840 0.442%
Oakland, CA PMSA 10,350 $21.77 $45,280 1.032%
Fitchburg-Leominster, MA PMSA 240 $21.59 $44,910 0.455%
Nassau-Suffolk, NY PMSA 8,110 $21.48 $44,680 0.681%
Jersey City, NJ PMSA 590 $21.33 $44,360 0.242%

About 2002 National, State, and Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

To see profiles of other occupations, select from the major groups below:

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia. The top five employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable Excel files(XLS).

Percentile wage estimates show the percentage of workers in an occupation that earn less than a given wage and the percentage that earn more. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate—50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Data for detailed occupations does not sum to the totals because the totals include data for occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

All Construction and Extraction Occupations

2002 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

2002 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

2002 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download 2002 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: November 26, 2003

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