Occupational Employment Statistics

Occupational Employment and Wages, 2002

51-4051 Metal-Refining Furnace Operators and Tenders

Operate or tend furnaces, such as gas, oil, coal, electric-arc or electric induction, open-hearth, or oxygen furnaces, to melt and refine metal before casting or to produce specified types of steel. Exclude "Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic" (51-4191).

National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
State profile for this occupation
Metropolitan area profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
17,120 2.8 % $15.37 $31,970 0.7 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $10.23 $12.22 $14.79 $18.16 $21.51
Annual Wage (2) $21,280 $25,420 $30,770 $37,770 $44,730

Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage Employment rank Wage rank
Foundries 3,870 $14.24 $29,610 1 20
Iron and steel mills and ferroalloy mfg. 3,150 $17.95 $37,340 2 3
Alumina and aluminum production 2,850 $14.51 $30,180 3 16
Other nonferrous metal production 1,960 $15.38 $31,990 4 11
Motor vehicle parts manufacturing 640 $13.70 $28,500 5 25

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage Employment rank Wage rank
Semiconductor and electronic component mfg. 150 $19.04 $39,600 15 1
Electric lighting equipment manufacturing 50 $18.01 $37,470 23 2
Iron and steel mills and ferroalloy mfg. 3,150 $17.95 $37,340 2 3
Petroleum and coal products manufacturing 510 $17.44 $36,270 6 4
Architectural and structural metals mfg. 100 $16.68 $34,700 19 5

State profile for this occupation: Top

States with the highest concentration of workers in this occupation:

State Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage Percent of State employment Wage rank within State
Indiana 1,690 $17.09 $35,560 0.059% 299
Alabama 860 $15.10 $31,410 0.047% 306
West Virginia 290 $16.38 $34,080 0.043% 239
Pennsylvania 1,880 $15.67 $32,600 0.034% 371
Ohio 1,400 $16.23 $33,770 0.026% 347

Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage Percent of State employment Wage rank within State
New York 310 $18.61 $38,700 0.004% 351
Maryland (6) $18.06 $37,560 (6) 296
Washington 500 $17.36 $36,110 0.020% 372
New Jersey 250 $17.29 $35,970 0.006% 389
Indiana 1,690 $17.09 $35,560 0.059% 299

Metropolitan area profile for this occupation: Top

Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of workers in this occupation:

MSA Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage Percent of MSA employment
Gary, IN PMSA 710 $19.15 $39,830 0.287%
Steubenville-Weirton, OH-WV MSA 130 $17.51 $36,420 0.271%
Canton-Massillon, OH MSA 210 $14.28 $29,710 0.118%
Benton Harbor, MI MSA 60 $13.85 $28,810 0.094%
Sheboygan, WI MSA 50 $17.54 $36,490 0.086%

Top paying Metropolitan areas for this occupation:

MSA Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage Percent of MSA employment
Jackson, MI MSA 40 $22.84 $47,500 0.069%
Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY MSA 110 $20.47 $42,580 0.021%
Gary, IN PMSA 710 $19.15 $39,830 0.287%
Baltimore, MD PMSA (6) $18.55 $38,580 (6)
Fort Wayne, IN MSA 140 $18.26 $37,990 0.054%

About 2002 National, State, and Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

To see profiles of other occupations, select from the major groups below:

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia. The top five employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable Excel files(XLS).

Percentile wage estimates show the percentage of workers in an occupation that earn less than a given wage and the percentage that earn more. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate—50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Data for detailed occupations does not sum to the totals because the totals include data for occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(6) Estimates not released.

All Production Occupations

2002 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

2002 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

2002 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download 2002 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: November 26, 2003

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