Occupational Employment Statistics

2002 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations

SOC major groups



These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia. These and other data elements, including the 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages are available in the downloadable Excel files(XLS).

Click on the SOC Code Number to view an occupational profile.

Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 1,078,630 $22.29 $25.19 $52,380 0.5 %
19-1010 Agricultural and Food Scientists 14,920 $23.40 $25.38 $52,800 1.1 %
19-1021 Biochemists and Biophysicists 15,190 $29.03 $31.55 $65,620 2.1 %
19-1022 Microbiologists 14,730 $24.53 $26.78 $55,700 1.8 %
19-1023 Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists 12,970 $22.95 $23.68 $49,250 0.9 %
19-1031 Conservation Scientists 13,600 $24.20 $24.43 $50,820 0.6 %
19-1032 Foresters 9,760 $22.47 $23.11 $48,060 0.6 %
19-1041 Epidemiologists 3,760 $25.89 $27.98 $58,190 2.5 %
19-1042 Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists 53,840 $27.40 $31.83 $66,200 2.4 %
19-2011 Astronomers 900 $39.27 $38.71 $80,510 1.8 %
19-2012 Physicists 11,480 $40.88 $42.08 $87,530 1.6 %
19-2021 Atmospheric and Space Scientists 7,210 $28.94 $29.33 $61,000 1.5 %
19-2031 Chemists 82,050 $25.43 $27.72 $57,670 1.0 %
19-2032 Materials Scientists 7,090 $31.05 $32.33 $67,240 1.8 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 60,380 $22.88 $24.51 $50,970 0.8 %
19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers 26,130 $32.44 $37.83 $78,690 8.3 %
19-2043 Hydrologists 7,390 $27.18 $28.28 $58,820 1.0 %
19-3011 Economists 13,290 $32.96 $36.62 $76,180 2.8 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 122,000 $25.87 $28.97 $60,260 1.2 %
19-3022 Survey Researchers 18,350 $10.67 $14.60 $30,360 3.7 %
19-3031 Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists 100,560 $24.60 $27.18 $56,540 1.2 %
19-3032 Industrial-Organizational Psychologists 1,360 $30.63 $33.49 $69,670 2.1 %
19-3041 Sociologists 2,630 $25.56 $27.17 $56,520 4.1 %
19-3051 Urban and Regional Planners 30,460 $23.98 $24.98 $51,960 0.7 %
19-3091 Anthropologists and Archeologists 4,410 $18.57 $20.38 $42,380 2.1 %
19-3092 Geographers 740 $25.68 $26.10 $54,290 1.2 %
19-3093 Historians 2,110 $20.21 $21.68 $45,090 2.9 %
19-3094 Political Scientists 5,300 $38.73 $38.48 $80,040 3.2 %
19-4011 Agricultural and Food Science Technicians 15,990 $13.74 $14.91 $31,010 1.0 %
19-4021 Biological Technicians 45,630 $15.73 $16.65 $34,630 0.6 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 67,230 $18.00 $18.70 $38,890 0.7 %
19-4041 Geological and Petroleum Technicians 10,690 $18.96 $19.94 $41,470 1.7 %
19-4051 Nuclear Technicians 5,620 $28.84 $29.43 $61,220 1.6 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health 26,380 $16.98 $17.96 $37,370 0.7 %
19-4092 Forensic Science Technicians 7,830 $19.73 $20.81 $43,280 0.9 %
19-4093 Forest and Conservation Technicians 17,160 $14.90 $15.72 $32,700 0.3 %

About 2002 National, State, and Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Data for detailed occupations does not sum to the totals because the totals include data for occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.


National OES estimates by SOC major group



2002 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

2002 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

2002 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

2002 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download 2002 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: November 26, 2003

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