Occupational Employment Statistics

2002 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Production Occupations

SOC major groups



These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia. These and other data elements, including the 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages are available in the downloadable Excel files(XLS).

Click on the SOC Code Number to view an occupational profile.

Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 10,726,670 $12.02 $13.55 $28,190 0.2 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 700,490 $20.64 $22.08 $45,920 0.2 %
51-2011 Aircraft Structure, Surfaces, Rigging, and Systems Assemblers 25,690 $18.71 $18.18 $37,810 3.3 %
51-2021 Coil Winders, Tapers, and Finishers 34,710 $11.07 $11.88 $24,700 1.1 %
51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 267,030 $11.03 $11.84 $24,640 0.5 %
51-2023 Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers 57,500 $12.15 $12.75 $26,510 0.8 %
51-2031 Engine and Other Machine Assemblers 49,280 $14.02 $14.93 $31,050 2.0 %
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters 87,020 $13.76 $14.42 $29,990 0.7 %
51-2091 Fiberglass Laminators and Fabricators 36,470 $11.83 $12.61 $26,220 1.4 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 1,139,360 $10.90 $11.88 $24,710 0.6 %
51-2093 Timing Device Assemblers, Adjusters, and Calibrators 6,230 $11.63 $12.58 $26,160 1.6 %
51-3011 Bakers 161,820 $9.89 $10.64 $22,120 0.6 %
51-3021 Butchers and Meat Cutters 129,840 $12.26 $13.06 $27,160 0.6 %
51-3022 Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers 150,920 $8.57 $9.03 $18,790 0.6 %
51-3023 Slaughterers and Meat Packers 126,460 $9.79 $9.81 $20,410 0.7 %
51-3091 Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders 19,180 $11.18 $12.06 $25,080 2.0 %
51-3092 Food Batchmakers 71,930 $10.54 $11.17 $23,240 0.7 %
51-3093 Food Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders 34,140 $10.51 $11.13 $23,160 1.3 %
51-4011 Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic 128,400 $13.97 $14.57 $30,310 0.5 %
51-4012 Numerical Tool and Process Control Programmers 18,910 $18.04 $18.80 $39,100 0.9 %
51-4021 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 96,270 $12.44 $12.83 $26,690 0.6 %
51-4022 Forging Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 44,920 $12.64 $13.90 $28,910 1.6 %
51-4023 Rolling Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 42,270 $13.62 $14.19 $29,510 1.0 %
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 277,410 $11.81 $12.47 $25,940 0.4 %
51-4032 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 51,730 $13.23 $14.14 $29,400 0.9 %
51-4033 Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 99,580 $12.56 $13.49 $28,070 1.0 %
51-4034 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 72,270 $14.55 $15.12 $31,450 0.7 %
51-4035 Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 30,340 $14.04 $14.57 $30,300 0.8 %
51-4041 Machinists 368,320 $15.66 $16.06 $33,410 0.3 %
51-4051 Metal-Refining Furnace Operators and Tenders 17,120 $14.79 $15.37 $31,970 0.7 %
51-4052 Pourers and Casters, Metal 12,900 $13.40 $14.05 $29,230 0.9 %
51-4061 Model Makers, Metal and Plastic 8,360 $18.27 $18.92 $39,360 2.6 %
51-4062 Patternmakers, Metal and Plastic 6,300 $16.09 $17.03 $35,420 2.0 %
51-4071 Foundry Mold and Coremakers 21,960 $12.55 $13.14 $27,340 1.0 %
51-4072 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 147,060 $11.17 $12.12 $25,200 0.8 %
51-4081 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 96,560 $13.79 $14.93 $31,050 2.2 %
51-4111 Tool and Die Makers 105,210 $20.54 $20.98 $43,630 0.6 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 361,970 $14.02 $14.82 $30,820 0.3 %
51-4122 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 56,280 $13.90 $15.20 $31,620 1.6 %
51-4191 Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 28,410 $13.56 $14.35 $29,860 1.0 %
51-4192 Lay-Out Workers, Metal and Plastic 12,490 $14.79 $15.67 $32,600 1.4 %
51-4193 Plating and Coating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 41,580 $12.22 $12.87 $26,780 0.6 %
51-4194 Tool Grinders, Filers, and Sharpeners 22,700 $14.14 $14.94 $31,080 0.8 %
51-5011 Bindery Workers 88,740 $10.51 $11.53 $23,970 0.5 %
51-5012 Bookbinders 7,170 $13.31 $14.27 $29,680 1.5 %
51-5021 Job Printers 49,080 $14.47 $15.34 $31,910 1.3 %
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers 89,370 $14.98 $15.88 $33,040 0.9 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 189,590 $13.95 $14.80 $30,780 0.4 %
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 213,840 $8.07 $8.53 $17,750 0.5 %
51-6021 Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 87,130 $8.21 $8.54 $17,770 0.8 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators 277,800 $8.39 $8.99 $18,710 0.5 %
51-6041 Shoe and Leather Workers and Repairers 9,860 $9.14 $9.84 $20,460 1.6 %
51-6042 Shoe Machine Operators and Tenders 6,320 $9.90 $10.19 $21,180 2.9 %
51-6051 Sewers, Hand 19,180 $8.69 $9.91 $20,610 3.5 %
51-6052 Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers 29,560 $10.68 $11.75 $24,450 0.9 %
51-6061 Textile Bleaching and Dyeing Machine Operators and Tenders 25,950 $10.00 $10.21 $21,230 0.9 %
51-6062 Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 32,970 $9.77 $10.35 $21,530 1.0 %
51-6063 Textile Knitting and Weaving Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 49,410 $11.05 $11.16 $23,210 0.5 %
51-6064 Textile Winding, Twisting, and Drawing Out Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 62,800 $10.54 $10.96 $22,810 1.0 %
51-6091 Extruding and Forming Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Synthetic and Glass Fibers 26,620 $13.22 $13.32 $27,710 1.0 %
51-6092 Fabric and Apparel Patternmakers 10,800 $12.67 $15.33 $31,890 2.3 %
51-6093 Upholsterers 40,380 $11.86 $12.78 $26,580 1.0 %
51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 125,220 $11.54 $12.32 $25,630 0.4 %
51-7021 Furniture Finishers 30,110 $10.92 $11.59 $24,110 0.7 %
51-7031 Model Makers, Wood 4,350 $11.90 $13.35 $27,770 2.1 %
51-7032 Patternmakers, Wood 4,130 $14.32 $14.99 $31,170 2.3 %
51-7041 Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood 53,520 $10.62 $11.12 $23,130 0.6 %
51-7042 Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing 89,860 $10.59 $11.13 $23,160 0.6 %
51-8011 Nuclear Power Reactor Operators 3,400 $29.36 $29.76 $61,910 1.3 %
51-8012 Power Distributors and Dispatchers 11,670 $26.02 $26.08 $54,240 0.9 %
51-8013 Power Plant Operators 34,390 $24.00 $23.61 $49,110 0.6 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 52,510 $20.79 $21.26 $44,220 0.7 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 96,970 $16.05 $16.64 $34,620 0.6 %
51-8091 Chemical Plant and System Operators 55,910 $21.12 $21.00 $43,680 0.7 %
51-8092 Gas Plant Operators 11,940 $23.24 $23.24 $48,340 0.8 %
51-8093 Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, and Gaugers 38,500 $23.69 $22.85 $47,520 1.1 %
51-9011 Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders 56,610 $18.00 $18.29 $38,040 1.1 %
51-9012 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 35,550 $14.59 $15.39 $32,010 2.0 %
51-9021 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 44,370 $12.83 $13.46 $28,000 0.6 %
51-9022 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 43,370 $11.04 $11.99 $24,940 0.6 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 103,940 $13.23 $13.70 $28,500 0.4 %
51-9031 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 30,910 $10.59 $11.84 $24,630 1.9 %
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 75,430 $12.35 $12.86 $26,760 0.6 %
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 71,500 $12.76 $13.49 $28,070 0.7 %
51-9051 Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders 29,400 $13.56 $14.27 $29,690 0.8 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 500,250 $13.01 $14.31 $29,760 0.4 %
51-9071 Jewelers and Precious Stone and Metal Workers 28,970 $12.63 $14.11 $29,350 2.0 %
51-9081 Dental Laboratory Technicians 40,440 $13.70 $15.17 $31,560 1.0 %
51-9082 Medical Appliance Technicians 11,870 $13.31 $15.07 $31,340 3.2 %
51-9083 Ophthalmic Laboratory Technicians 32,920 $10.46 $11.18 $23,260 0.8 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 390,380 $10.20 $11.18 $23,260 0.7 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 91,950 $12.16 $12.85 $26,730 0.6 %
51-9122 Painters, Transportation Equipment 45,670 $16.13 $17.17 $35,700 1.0 %
51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers 30,830 $10.19 $11.07 $23,020 0.8 %
51-9131 Photographic Process Workers 27,360 $9.72 $11.07 $23,020 1.1 %
51-9132 Photographic Processing Machine Operators 52,290 $9.05 $10.13 $21,080 1.1 %
51-9141 Semiconductor Processors 43,630 $13.14 $14.01 $29,140 1.4 %
51-9191 Cementing and Gluing Machine Operators and Tenders 26,880 $11.15 $11.81 $24,560 0.7 %
51-9192 Cleaning, Washing, and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 18,010 $10.99 $11.91 $24,780 1.0 %
51-9193 Cooling and Freezing Equipment Operators and Tenders 7,280 $10.21 $11.41 $23,730 1.6 %
51-9194 Etchers and Engravers 9,130 $10.79 $12.15 $25,270 1.6 %
51-9195 Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic 36,240 $11.87 $12.65 $26,320 1.8 %
51-9196 Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 114,390 $13.59 $14.07 $29,260 0.9 %
51-9197 Tire Builders 13,020 $18.67 $17.30 $35,990 2.5 %
51-9198 Helpers—Production Workers 464,390 $9.25 $9.97 $20,730 0.5 %

About 2002 National, State, and Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Data for detailed occupations does not sum to the totals because the totals include data for occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.


National OES estimates by SOC major group



2002 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

2002 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

2002 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

2002 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download 2002 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: November 26, 2003

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