Occupational Employment Statistics

May 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 221000 - Utilities

These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in NAICS 221000 - Utilities.

These and other data elements, including the 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages are available in the downloadable Excel files (XLS).

NAICS 221000 - Utilities consists of:

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in in NAICS 221000 - Utilities:

NAICS 221000 - Utilities

Click on the SOC code number to view an occupational profile.

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 580,750 100.00% $24.85 $25.85 $53,760 0.5 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 36,300 6.25% $43.92 $46.84 $97,420 0.7 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 1,960 0.34% (5) $76.80 $159,750 1.8 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 10,560 1.82% $43.43 $46.39 $96,490 1.0 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 190 0.03% $35.35 $37.77 $78,550 2.8 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 2,230 0.38% $41.34 $42.93 $89,280 1.5 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 620 0.11% $43.66 $45.96 $95,610 2.6 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 740 0.13% $41.97 $43.82 $91,150 1.7 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 1,750 0.30% $38.78 $39.46 $82,070 1.2 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 1,700 0.29% $46.74 $47.31 $98,400 1.3 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 2,600 0.45% $43.90 $47.18 $98,140 1.5 %
11-3040 Human Resources Managers 1,240 0.21% $42.32 $42.83 $89,100 1.4 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 1,180 0.20% $47.00 $49.88 $103,760 2.4 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 510 0.09% $36.62 $38.94 $81,000 2.2 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 1,640 0.28% $40.40 $41.09 $85,470 1.4 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 560 0.10% $38.28 $38.73 $80,560 1.4 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 3,930 0.68% $42.68 $43.90 $91,320 0.8 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 200 0.03% $43.89 $48.23 $100,310 8.4 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 41,110 7.08% $30.97 $31.67 $65,870 0.7 %
13-1021 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 40 0.01% $26.86 $27.90 $58,040 4.3 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 430 0.07% $32.76 $32.80 $68,220 2.5 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 2,380 0.41% $28.09 $29.23 $60,790 1.2 %
13-1031 Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 210 0.04% $27.60 $28.29 $58,850 1.9 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation (6) (6) $32.94 $33.21 $69,070 1.1 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 1,450 0.25% $30.65 $30.06 $62,520 1.4 %
13-1061 Emergency Management Specialists 350 0.06% $32.88 $32.44 $67,480 1.2 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 440 0.08% $27.80 $29.19 $60,710 2.1 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 800 0.14% $28.04 $28.72 $59,740 1.3 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 2,870 0.49% $34.10 $33.57 $69,830 0.8 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 4,730 0.81% $32.56 $32.94 $68,520 1.0 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 30 0.01% $29.27 $32.20 $66,990 7.0 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 8,600 1.48% $27.85 $28.86 $60,040 0.7 %
13-2021 Appraisers and Assessors of Real Estate 90 0.02% $29.46 $31.04 $64,560 10.2 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 810 0.14% $28.52 $29.34 $61,030 1.5 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 420 0.07% $25.07 $26.05 $54,180 3.4 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 1,490 0.26% $33.21 $33.65 $69,980 1.6 %
13-2052 Personal Financial Advisors 30 0.01% $32.09 $34.30 $71,340 6.7 %
13-2061 Financial Examiners 40 0.01% $29.20 $32.70 $68,010 4.6 %
Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 17,320 2.98% $31.69 $31.68 $65,890 0.7 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 2,290 0.39% $29.79 $29.99 $62,370 1.0 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 1,930 0.33% $34.01 $33.86 $70,430 0.8 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 1,060 0.18% $35.31 $35.16 $73,130 0.9 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 1,890 0.33% $25.51 $25.89 $53,840 1.6 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 4,750 0.82% $34.13 $34.03 $70,790 1.0 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 810 0.14% $33.07 $32.96 $68,560 2.9 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 1,700 0.29% $29.40 $30.01 $62,420 1.3 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 1,060 0.18% $30.27 $30.54 $63,520 1.6 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 890 0.15% $29.82 $29.88 $62,150 2.8 %
15-2041 Statisticians 30 0.01% $35.55 $38.33 $79,730 7.7 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 49,840 8.58% $31.59 $31.57 $65,670 0.6 %
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval 90 0.02% $41.32 $40.84 $84,940 1.8 %
17-1021 Cartographers and Photogrammetrists 150 0.03% $21.24 $22.78 $47,380 2.0 %
17-1022 Surveyors 570 0.10% $24.78 $25.11 $52,220 1.7 %
17-2041 Chemical Engineers 240 0.04% $35.95 $35.14 $73,090 1.1 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 1,810 0.31% $33.03 $32.85 $68,340 1.1 %
17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers 240 0.04% $36.72 $36.88 $76,720 1.7 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 8,560 1.47% $34.95 $34.42 $71,590 0.7 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 490 0.08% $32.29 $32.06 $66,690 1.4 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 670 0.12% $33.52 $32.46 $67,530 1.5 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 590 0.10% $32.92 $32.78 $68,170 1.4 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 1,250 0.22% $35.68 $35.35 $73,530 1.2 %
17-2131 Materials Engineers 180 0.03% $30.69 $31.74 $66,010 3.1 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 1,390 0.24% $35.91 $35.44 $73,710 1.2 %
17-2161 Nuclear Engineers 6,840 1.18% $39.23 $38.89 $80,890 0.9 %
17-2171 Petroleum Engineers 690 0.12% $37.09 $35.14 $73,090 2.0 %
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters 350 0.06% $24.37 $25.00 $52,000 3.4 %
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters 2,460 0.42% $26.87 $27.15 $56,460 1.9 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 550 0.09% $24.58 $24.86 $51,710 1.9 %
17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians 1,230 0.21% $24.71 $24.96 $51,920 2.1 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 7,800 1.34% $26.16 $26.16 $54,420 0.9 %
17-3024 Electro-Mechanical Technicians 230 0.04% $26.30 $28.11 $58,470 4.8 %
17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technicians 580 0.10% $28.26 $26.80 $55,750 1.9 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 530 0.09% $28.15 $27.03 $56,220 3.3 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 440 0.08% $27.58 $27.66 $57,520 2.8 %
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 1,830 0.32% $21.20 $21.94 $45,620 1.3 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 9,530 1.64% $29.33 $29.16 $60,650 1.0 %
19-1010 Agricultural and Food Scientists 50 0.01% $27.19 $27.21 $56,600 2.1 %
19-1032 Foresters 140 0.02% $30.11 $29.72 $61,810 2.1 %
19-2012 Physicists 200 0.03% $31.34 $33.06 $68,770 4.1 %
19-2031 Chemists 580 0.10% $30.90 $31.03 $64,550 1.3 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 530 0.09% $32.47 $31.65 $65,820 1.4 %
19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers 100 0.02% $35.65 $34.71 $72,190 4.8 %
19-2043 Hydrologists 50 0.01% $27.93 $26.78 $55,690 4.3 %
19-3011 Economists 130 0.02% $36.52 $35.70 $74,260 2.2 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 1,350 0.23% $30.41 $31.18 $64,850 1.3 %
19-3051 Urban and Regional Planners 70 0.01% $25.80 $26.31 $54,730 3.1 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 1,290 0.22% $26.15 $25.59 $53,220 1.1 %
19-4041 Geological and Petroleum Technicians 220 0.04% $22.49 $23.23 $48,310 3.7 %
19-4051 Nuclear Technicians 2,950 0.51% $31.06 $30.83 $64,120 1.2 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health 830 0.14% $23.85 $23.93 $49,760 4.6 %
19-4093 Forest and Conservation Technicians 60 0.01% $27.88 $27.91 $58,060 2.1 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 1,240 0.21% $46.46 $48.23 $100,320 2.8 %
23-1011 Lawyers 850 0.15% $54.06 $57.77 $120,160 2.6 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 210 0.04% $25.04 $27.87 $57,970 5.0 %
23-2093 Title Examiners, Abstractors, and Searchers 60 0.01% $26.48 $27.11 $56,380 3.2 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 270 0.05% $31.02 $29.94 $62,270 3.8 %
25-1194 Vocational Education Teachers, Postsecondary 100 0.02% $33.37 $32.46 $67,510 6.0 %
25-9021 Farm and Home Management Advisors 40 0.01% $20.51 $21.48 $44,690 4.2 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 2,850 0.49% $25.86 $26.47 $55,050 0.9 %
27-1011 Art Directors (6) (6) $25.94 $26.65 $55,430 11.9 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 240 0.04% $29.61 $28.51 $59,310 2.1 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 330 0.06% $21.37 $22.01 $45,790 1.6 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 1,670 0.29% $25.56 $26.55 $55,230 1.0 %
27-3041 Editors 50 0.01% $24.18 $22.28 $46,350 9.2 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 210 0.04% $30.67 $30.44 $63,310 1.6 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 50 0.01% $29.88 $30.06 $62,520 3.7 %
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians 50 0.01% $20.92 $21.53 $44,780 8.4 %
Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 1,100 0.19% $30.29 $30.26 $62,940 1.6 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 60 0.01% $26.75 $26.89 $55,920 2.0 %
29-9010 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists and Technicians 950 0.16% $31.01 $31.01 $64,500 1.6 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 2,880 0.50% $21.19 $21.54 $44,810 1.7 %
33-9021 Private Detectives and Investigators 160 0.03% $30.13 $30.09 $62,590 4.0 %
33-9032 Security Guards 2,240 0.39% $19.89 $19.66 $40,900 1.8 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 30 0.01% $9.47 $10.06 $20,930 7.0 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 4,040 0.70% $14.57 $15.82 $32,910 1.4 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 70 0.01% $19.39 $19.88 $41,340 6.4 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 100 0.02% $25.38 $25.17 $52,360 2.4 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 2,100 0.36% $12.96 $13.84 $28,790 1.5 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 540 0.09% $18.64 $16.96 $35,280 3.1 %
37-3013 Tree Trimmers and Pruners 940 0.16% $17.19 $18.63 $38,760 3.2 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 8,840 1.52% $23.05 $24.51 $50,980 1.6 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 240 0.04% $26.28 $26.42 $54,960 2.6 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 480 0.08% $32.14 $35.85 $74,560 3.5 %
41-2011 Cashiers 1,860 0.32% $12.29 $12.67 $26,350 1.2 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 320 0.06% $13.60 $13.67 $28,440 1.6 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 520 0.09% $15.43 $17.75 $36,930 4.7 %
41-3031 Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents 230 0.04% $33.19 $36.54 $76,000 3.1 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 830 0.14% $28.16 $30.11 $62,630 2.2 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 1,520 0.26% $31.78 $31.68 $65,900 2.5 %
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents 250 0.04% $26.97 $26.43 $54,970 2.4 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers 100 0.02% $32.64 $32.86 $68,340 7.1 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 270 0.05% $12.74 $13.57 $28,230 5.7 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 133,760 23.03% $17.36 $18.25 $37,960 0.6 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 9,520 1.64% $27.10 $27.74 $57,690 1.1 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 630 0.11% $13.64 $14.42 $30,000 3.1 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 3,240 0.56% $16.98 $17.82 $37,070 1.1 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 4,360 0.75% $14.74 $15.31 $31,850 1.0 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 7,130 1.23% $15.99 $16.36 $34,030 1.2 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 1,060 0.18% $17.20 $17.22 $35,810 0.9 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 370 0.06% $17.42 $18.91 $39,340 3.0 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 290 0.05% $18.55 $18.20 $37,850 4.0 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 33,940 5.84% $16.94 $17.68 $36,770 0.9 %
43-4071 File Clerks 480 0.08% $16.56 $16.46 $34,230 2.4 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan (6) (6) $12.50 $12.86 $26,750 1.9 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 1,040 0.18% $18.52 $18.54 $38,570 1.8 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 850 0.15% $18.17 $19.24 $40,030 1.9 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 1,110 0.19% $12.44 $12.91 $26,860 1.7 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 90 0.02% $16.24 $16.76 $34,850 4.3 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 3,870 0.67% $19.58 $19.99 $41,570 1.3 %
43-5041 Meter Readers, Utilities 22,860 3.94% $15.85 $16.23 $33,750 0.8 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 2,400 0.41% $22.00 $23.13 $48,110 2.7 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 740 0.13% $18.80 $18.65 $38,780 1.5 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 4,130 0.71% $21.13 $20.97 $43,610 0.9 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 160 0.03% $20.40 $20.32 $42,270 3.8 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 9,690 1.67% $19.73 $20.41 $42,450 0.9 %
43-6012 Legal Secretaries 160 0.03% $23.05 $22.87 $47,560 2.6 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 7,540 1.30% $15.72 $15.61 $32,470 1.2 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 710 0.12% $18.98 $19.18 $39,900 1.8 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 300 0.05% $15.60 $16.39 $34,100 2.2 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 870 0.15% $22.01 $20.99 $43,650 2.1 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 650 0.11% $14.84 $16.45 $34,220 3.1 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 11,890 2.05% $15.40 $15.66 $32,570 1.8 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 220 0.04% $18.24 $18.70 $38,900 2.6 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants 100 0.02% $18.75 $18.32 $38,100 5.4 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 450 0.08% $11.48 $14.43 $30,020 3.6 %
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers 60 0.01% $24.82 $24.45 $50,850 3.0 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 130 0.02% $10.04 $9.99 $20,780 6.6 %
45-4011 Forest and Conservation Workers 50 0.01% $27.06 $26.61 $55,340 7.2 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 37,300 6.42% $23.03 $22.49 $46,770 0.6 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 4,960 0.85% $28.18 $28.33 $58,920 0.8 %
47-2011 Boilermakers (6) (6) $22.99 $23.52 $48,930 12.6 %
47-2031 Carpenters 260 0.04% $24.62 $22.11 $46,000 3.2 %
47-2051 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers 30 0.01% $12.53 $16.65 $34,630 18.7 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 1,600 0.28% $17.51 $17.31 $35,990 3.3 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 4,000 0.69% $20.92 $20.79 $43,250 1.0 %
47-2111 Electricians 9,390 1.62% $25.56 $25.00 $52,010 0.8 %
47-2151 Pipelayers 1,550 0.27% $17.76 $17.49 $36,390 2.2 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 10,010 1.72% $21.93 $21.18 $44,050 1.1 %
47-3013 Helpers—Electricians 880 0.15% $15.44 $15.98 $33,250 1.8 %
47-3015 Helpers—Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 650 0.11% $10.87 $12.70 $26,420 2.9 %
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors 840 0.14% $30.36 $29.15 $60,620 2.0 %
47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 400 0.07% $23.51 $22.39 $46,580 2.0 %
47-4051 Highway Maintenance Workers 120 0.02% $12.32 $12.71 $26,440 5.0 %
47-4071 Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners 400 0.07% $13.26 $14.10 $29,320 4.6 %
47-5013 Service Unit Operators, Oil, Gas, and Mining 120 0.02% $15.75 $16.09 $33,470 7.4 %
47-5021 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas 40 0.01% $16.14 $17.42 $36,220 7.4 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 148,680 25.60% $25.27 $24.81 $51,610 0.4 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 16,330 2.81% $31.44 $31.08 $64,650 0.5 %
49-2021 Radio Mechanics 60 0.01% $23.57 $22.89 $47,610 2.9 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 690 0.12% $28.62 $28.46 $59,190 1.6 %
49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers 330 0.06% $27.74 $27.65 $57,510 4.6 %
49-2093 Electrical and Electronics Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment 420 0.07% $21.73 $22.73 $47,280 3.5 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 1,460 0.25% $24.77 $24.32 $50,580 1.8 %
49-2095 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Powerhouse, Substation, and Relay 14,420 2.48% $25.72 $25.41 $52,860 0.5 %
49-2096 Electronic Equipment Installers and Repairers, Motor Vehicles 40 0.01% $22.13 $21.56 $44,850 9.6 %
49-2098 Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers 60 0.01% $19.80 $19.45 $40,460 3.8 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 2,940 0.51% $23.10 $22.54 $46,880 1.3 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 2,910 0.50% $25.25 $24.74 $51,460 1.7 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 910 0.16% $24.85 $24.17 $50,280 2.0 %
49-9011 Mechanical Door Repairers 40 0.01% $28.98 $28.99 $60,300 2.9 %
49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door 18,040 3.11% $24.23 $23.52 $48,920 0.8 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 1,420 0.24% $22.89 $22.25 $46,280 1.7 %
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers 1,750 0.30% $25.73 $25.27 $52,560 2.1 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 9,010 1.55% $25.95 $25.41 $52,850 1.2 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 10,190 1.75% $23.12 $22.25 $46,270 1.0 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 1,250 0.22% $23.37 $22.95 $47,740 2.3 %
49-9044 Millwrights 220 0.04% $25.23 $23.97 $49,850 5.4 %
49-9051 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 52,260 9.00% $25.09 $24.57 $51,110 0.5 %
49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers 490 0.08% $27.24 $26.25 $54,610 1.8 %
49-9096 Riggers 430 0.07% $32.36 $31.99 $66,530 2.0 %
49-9098 Helpers—Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 4,480 0.77% $14.92 $15.63 $32,520 1.3 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 71,240 12.27% $25.58 $25.71 $53,470 0.5 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 11,320 1.95% $33.95 $33.97 $70,650 0.9 %
51-4041 Machinists 1,370 0.24% $26.62 $26.41 $54,930 1.2 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 3,650 0.63% $25.31 $24.79 $51,560 1.2 %
51-4122 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 80 0.01% $25.14 $24.04 $50,000 6.8 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 50 0.01% $17.52 $17.92 $37,270 2.9 %
51-8011 Nuclear Power Reactor Operators 3,010 0.52% $30.16 $30.36 $63,160 1.2 %
51-8012 Power Distributors and Dispatchers 5,290 0.91% $27.31 $28.02 $58,270 1.2 %
51-8013 Power Plant Operators 21,850 3.76% $25.44 $25.34 $52,710 0.6 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 2,560 0.44% $24.59 $24.09 $50,110 1.5 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 9,170 1.58% $16.03 $16.95 $35,250 1.2 %
51-8091 Chemical Plant and System Operators 210 0.04% $24.25 $23.51 $48,890 2.6 %
51-8092 Gas Plant Operators 4,180 0.72% $25.42 $25.50 $53,050 1.0 %
51-8093 Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, and Gaugers (6) (6) $18.69 $19.44 $40,440 2.3 %
51-9012 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 30 0.01% $30.56 $28.30 $58,860 7.4 %
51-9021 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 60 0.01% $22.10 $22.34 $46,470 4.7 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 2,340 0.40% $25.87 $25.28 $52,590 1.0 %
51-9198 Helpers—Production Workers 790 0.14% $14.93 $14.98 $31,160 4.0 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 13,610 2.34% $20.91 $20.80 $43,260 1.4 %
53-1011 Aircraft Cargo Handling Supervisors 30 0.01% $30.99 $31.67 $65,870 4.5 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 410 0.07% $26.16 $26.36 $54,830 2.3 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 870 0.15% $32.86 $32.05 $66,660 1.5 %
53-2012 Commercial Pilots 40 0.01% (4) (4) $74,520 3.1 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 90 0.02% $12.02 $11.64 $24,200 6.0 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 1,830 0.32% $19.27 $18.76 $39,030 2.3 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light Or Delivery Services 760 0.13% $17.17 $17.39 $36,180 4.4 %
53-7011 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 160 0.03% $19.61 $19.32 $40,180 3.7 %
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators 320 0.06% $22.32 $23.77 $49,440 3.0 %
53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators 1,290 0.22% $24.69 $24.06 $50,040 4.5 %
53-7033 Loading Machine Operators, Underground Mining (6) (6) $20.26 $20.21 $42,040 2.5 %
53-7041 Hoist and Winch Operators 90 0.02% $20.21 $20.29 $42,200 3.5 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 970 0.17% $21.07 $20.70 $43,060 2.5 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 50 0.01% $20.20 $16.69 $34,710 7.6 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 3,330 0.57% $16.56 $16.53 $34,370 1.7 %
53-7071 Gas Compressor and Gas Pumping Station Operators 860 0.15% $24.87 $24.91 $51,810 4.8 %
53-7072 Pump Operators, Except Wellhead Pumpers (6) (6) $19.80 $17.44 $36,270 5.2 %
53-7073 Wellhead Pumpers 170 0.03% $16.62 $16.34 $33,980 4.1 %
53-7081 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 180 0.03% $10.76 $12.70 $26,420 5.9 %
53-7121 Tank Car, Truck, and Ship Loaders 170 0.03% $20.23 $19.55 $40,670 5.8 %

About May 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) = Hourly wage rates for occupations where workers typically work fewer than 2,080 hours per year are not available.

(5) = Median hourly wage is equal to or greater than $70.00 per hour.

(6) =Estimates not released.



Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2003 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2003 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2003 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Technical notes

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Last Modified Date: May 7, 2004

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