Occupational Employment Statistics

May 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 541000 - Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services

These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in NAICS 541000 - Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services.

These and other data elements, including the 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages are available in the downloadable Excel files (XLS).

NAICS 541000 - Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services consists of:

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in in NAICS 541000 - Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services:

NAICS 541000 - Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services

Click on the SOC code number to view an occupational profile.

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 6,613,260 100.00% $21.18 $27.08 $56,330 0.4 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 550,010 8.32% $45.35 $51.29 $106,680 0.5 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 43,930 0.66% (5) $76.21 $158,510 1.0 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 155,820 2.36% $49.36 $56.11 $116,710 1.1 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 13,790 0.21% $36.16 $42.59 $88,590 2.1 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 30,390 0.46% $43.48 $48.00 $99,840 1.0 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 22,060 0.33% $49.31 $53.98 $112,280 1.4 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 8,920 0.13% $36.84 $45.34 $94,300 5.4 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 27,410 0.41% $28.22 $33.09 $68,840 1.4 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 58,540 0.89% $46.86 $50.18 $104,380 1.0 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 45,190 0.68% $41.98 $47.49 $98,770 1.1 %
11-3040 Human Resources Managers 17,410 0.26% $38.59 $42.07 $87,510 1.3 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 3,590 0.05% $42.39 $45.20 $94,010 2.1 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 4,430 0.07% $38.11 $41.26 $85,820 2.2 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 1,600 0.02% $35.88 $39.16 $81,460 2.3 %
11-9011 Farm, Ranch, and Other Agricultural Managers 130 0.00% $20.29 $22.82 $47,470 10.2 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 9,080 0.14% $34.20 $37.23 $77,430 2.0 %
11-9032 Education Administrators, Elementary and Secondary School 30 0.00% (4) (4) $61,570 6.3 %
11-9033 Education Administrators, Postsecondary 50 0.00% $34.23 $41.34 $85,990 9.7 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 52,000 0.79% $46.79 $50.04 $104,080 0.7 %
11-9051 Food Service Managers 1,040 0.02% $18.57 $21.17 $44,040 6.1 %
11-9081 Lodging Managers 40 0.00% $25.40 $25.93 $53,940 8.2 %
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 3,990 0.06% $31.24 $38.76 $80,610 4.2 %
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers 11,240 0.17% $44.79 $49.46 $102,880 2.1 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 2,130 0.03% $18.55 $22.48 $46,750 8.1 %
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers 1,110 0.02% $23.44 $27.35 $56,890 15.3 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 704,920 10.66% $25.98 $31.60 $65,740 1.0 %
13-1011 Agents and Business Managers of Artists, Performers, and Athletes 1,750 0.03% $29.01 $30.24 $62,900 4.0 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 1,250 0.02% $23.64 $26.16 $54,420 4.4 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 16,710 0.25% $24.11 $25.52 $53,080 1.6 %
13-1031 Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 2,700 0.04% $18.17 $21.34 $44,380 6.1 %
13-1032 Insurance Appraisers, Auto Damage (6) (6) $16.81 $17.23 $35,840 8.0 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 5,480 0.08% $26.02 $28.15 $58,550 2.3 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 6,740 0.10% $26.57 $27.88 $57,980 1.2 %
13-1061 Emergency Management Specialists 490 0.01% $29.27 $29.48 $61,320 7.4 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 26,670 0.40% $26.64 $32.91 $68,460 4.3 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 7,830 0.12% $25.20 $27.20 $56,590 1.6 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 15,710 0.24% $25.75 $27.26 $56,710 1.8 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 163,760 2.48% $34.03 $41.80 $86,950 2.1 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 2,670 0.04% $21.52 $24.03 $49,980 2.2 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 277,220 4.19% $24.61 $29.61 $61,590 1.1 %
13-2021 Appraisers and Assessors of Real Estate 1,310 0.02% $20.49 $23.50 $48,890 11.3 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 5,170 0.08% $27.79 $30.64 $63,730 1.7 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 1,350 0.02% $25.58 $27.31 $56,810 4.6 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 17,390 0.26% $28.53 $32.12 $66,800 2.8 %
13-2052 Personal Financial Advisors 4,340 0.07% $27.95 $39.32 $81,780 14.8 %
13-2053 Insurance Underwriters 440 0.01% $22.60 $25.04 $52,080 4.1 %
13-2061 Financial Examiners 400 0.01% $26.18 $27.60 $57,410 2.8 %
13-2071 Loan Counselors 630 0.01% $14.52 $15.80 $32,860 3.2 %
13-2072 Loan Officers 1,410 0.02% $18.88 $22.44 $46,680 4.7 %
13-2082 Tax Preparers 48,540 0.73% $12.51 $15.42 $32,080 2.4 %
Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 857,900 12.97% $31.04 $32.89 $68,420 0.6 %
15-1011 Computer and Information Scientists, Research 11,150 0.17% $40.26 $41.72 $86,780 1.6 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 145,680 2.20% $31.10 $33.09 $68,830 1.9 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 160,780 2.43% $35.45 $37.49 $77,990 1.8 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 113,060 1.71% $37.59 $38.75 $80,610 1.4 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 114,550 1.73% $19.77 $21.21 $44,120 1.4 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 128,420 1.94% $31.76 $33.85 $70,410 2.3 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 23,760 0.36% $31.57 $32.76 $68,130 1.3 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 59,560 0.90% $28.50 $29.95 $62,290 0.9 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 39,300 0.59% $30.19 $31.60 $65,740 1.2 %
15-2011 Actuaries 3,000 0.05% $42.71 $54.72 $113,820 5.2 %
15-2021 Mathematicians 610 0.01% $41.12 $41.01 $85,310 4.6 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 15,130 0.23% $32.10 $32.70 $68,020 2.2 %
15-2041 Statisticians 4,140 0.06% $29.19 $31.99 $66,540 3.0 %
15-2091 Mathematical Technicians 320 0.00% $23.08 $24.13 $50,190 2.5 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 751,140 11.36% $25.24 $27.64 $57,490 0.6 %
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval 77,540 1.17% $27.52 $31.14 $64,760 1.8 %
17-1012 Landscape Architects 11,500 0.17% $23.62 $26.08 $54,260 3.1 %
17-1021 Cartographers and Photogrammetrists 4,670 0.07% $20.03 $21.40 $44,510 2.3 %
17-1022 Surveyors 40,390 0.61% $18.76 $20.41 $42,460 1.0 %
17-2011 Aerospace Engineers 8,150 0.12% $38.25 $39.93 $83,050 2.2 %
17-2021 Agricultural Engineers 750 0.01% $27.10 $29.92 $62,240 6.2 %
17-2031 Biomedical Engineers 1,460 0.02% $34.12 $36.83 $76,620 3.8 %
17-2041 Chemical Engineers 9,180 0.14% $37.31 $39.93 $83,060 3.8 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 104,100 1.57% $29.44 $31.56 $65,650 0.7 %
17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers 16,710 0.25% $35.83 $38.23 $79,510 2.7 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 42,050 0.64% $34.50 $35.52 $73,870 1.0 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 23,130 0.35% $36.85 $37.84 $78,710 1.8 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 21,390 0.32% $29.14 $31.09 $64,660 1.3 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 4,680 0.07% $28.63 $33.16 $68,970 10.8 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 17,820 0.27% $32.15 $32.70 $68,020 1.2 %
17-2121 Marine Engineers and Naval Architects 2,480 0.04% $32.42 $34.04 $70,790 3.4 %
17-2131 Materials Engineers 3,350 0.05% $31.57 $31.86 $66,280 4.3 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 49,380 0.75% $32.46 $33.83 $70,360 1.1 %
17-2151 Mining and Geological Engineers, Including Mining Safety Engineers 1,410 0.02% $26.54 $31.76 $66,050 9.3 %
17-2161 Nuclear Engineers 3,890 0.06% $43.11 $43.94 $91,400 1.2 %
17-2171 Petroleum Engineers 2,220 0.03% $37.27 $40.57 $84,390 7.2 %
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters 74,120 1.12% $17.99 $18.57 $38,630 0.7 %
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters 9,790 0.15% $19.89 $21.31 $44,320 1.5 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 21,550 0.33% $20.30 $21.47 $44,660 1.4 %
17-3021 Aerospace Engineering and Operations Technicians 2,040 0.03% $24.12 $25.47 $52,970 3.3 %
17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians 38,700 0.59% $17.81 $18.75 $39,000 1.4 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 24,750 0.37% $21.61 $22.15 $46,070 0.9 %
17-3024 Electro-Mechanical Technicians 2,780 0.04% $20.24 $21.14 $43,970 3.4 %
17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technicians 9,010 0.14% $16.55 $17.75 $36,930 2.0 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 5,420 0.08% $21.47 $25.08 $52,170 3.8 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 11,340 0.17% $20.28 $21.01 $43,710 1.1 %
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 40,110 0.61% $13.18 $14.37 $29,890 0.9 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 257,340 3.89% $21.99 $26.42 $54,960 1.0 %
19-1010 Agricultural and Food Scientists 3,180 0.05% $24.76 $26.52 $55,160 2.9 %
19-1021 Biochemists and Biophysicists 6,790 0.10% $31.37 $33.33 $69,330 2.6 %
19-1022 Microbiologists 3,420 0.05% $23.55 $26.57 $55,270 3.1 %
19-1023 Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists 2,450 0.04% $22.46 $22.96 $47,760 6.4 %
19-1031 Conservation Scientists 580 0.01% $24.13 $28.85 $60,010 12.1 %
19-1032 Foresters 330 0.00% $16.53 $19.14 $39,820 7.3 %
19-1041 Epidemiologists (6) (6) $28.04 $32.13 $66,830 5.7 %
19-1042 Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists 20,120 0.30% $29.86 $34.18 $71,100 2.8 %
19-2011 Astronomers 240 0.00% $30.73 $33.08 $68,810 4.2 %
19-2012 Physicists 4,990 0.08% $42.70 $44.75 $93,080 3.1 %
19-2021 Atmospheric and Space Scientists 2,500 0.04% $24.39 $27.81 $57,840 3.8 %
19-2031 Chemists 26,090 0.39% $22.91 $26.47 $55,070 2.9 %
19-2032 Materials Scientists 2,560 0.04% $31.97 $33.52 $69,730 3.6 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 20,270 0.31% $22.97 $25.97 $54,010 1.9 %
19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers 12,780 0.19% $30.11 $37.75 $78,530 12.1 %
19-2043 Hydrologists 2,910 0.04% $25.79 $27.54 $57,280 1.6 %
19-3011 Economists 2,640 0.04% $40.92 $47.42 $98,640 7.0 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 35,970 0.54% $24.03 $28.98 $60,290 3.3 %
19-3022 Survey Researchers 12,080 0.18% $10.78 $14.10 $29,330 2.8 %
19-3031 Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists 760 0.01% $26.02 $34.22 $71,170 13.2 %
19-3032 Industrial-Organizational Psychologists 660 0.01% $32.98 $37.69 $78,400 3.4 %
19-3041 Sociologists 1,620 0.02% $33.27 $33.92 $70,560 2.6 %
19-3051 Urban and Regional Planners 3,820 0.06% $26.58 $29.56 $61,480 2.3 %
19-3091 Anthropologists and Archeologists 2,720 0.04% $16.82 $18.98 $39,470 3.8 %
19-3092 Geographers 90 0.00% $20.70 $21.83 $45,410 4.5 %
19-3093 Historians 530 0.01% $17.56 $19.80 $41,180 5.0 %
19-3094 Political Scientists 1,020 0.02% $34.18 $36.40 $75,710 3.1 %
19-4011 Agricultural and Food Science Technicians 3,230 0.05% $12.33 $13.80 $28,700 3.3 %
19-4021 Biological Technicians 16,430 0.25% $16.66 $17.66 $36,730 1.1 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 16,770 0.25% $14.58 $16.05 $33,380 2.0 %
19-4041 Geological and Petroleum Technicians 3,640 0.06% $15.89 $16.96 $35,270 2.6 %
19-4051 Nuclear Technicians 1,620 0.02% $27.23 $29.60 $61,560 4.6 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health 8,830 0.13% $15.01 $16.00 $33,270 1.2 %
19-4092 Forensic Science Technicians 50 0.00% $15.85 $16.87 $35,100 3.4 %
19-4093 Forest and Conservation Technicians 910 0.01% $12.90 $13.87 $28,850 2.1 %
Community and Social Services Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 11,090 0.17% $15.55 $18.32 $38,110 6.4 %
21-1011 Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors (6) (6) $15.35 $15.79 $32,840 3.0 %
21-1012 Educational, Vocational, and School Counselors (6) (6) $18.63 $30.73 $63,920 9.4 %
21-1013 Marriage and Family Therapists 30 0.00% $16.54 $17.45 $36,310 5.9 %
21-1014 Mental Health Counselors 130 0.00% $19.31 $18.40 $38,260 4.1 %
21-1015 Rehabilitation Counselors 140 0.00% $16.42 $18.13 $37,710 6.8 %
21-1021 Child, Family, and School Social Workers 580 0.01% $16.45 $16.99 $35,340 4.7 %
21-1022 Medical and Public Health Social Workers 1,320 0.02% $17.45 $17.56 $36,520 6.8 %
21-1023 Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers (6) (6) $19.26 $19.45 $40,450 2.6 %
21-1091 Health Educators 1,750 0.03% $22.55 $23.82 $49,540 3.9 %
21-1092 Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists 60 0.00% $15.09 $15.38 $31,990 6.4 %
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants 3,020 0.05% $10.13 $12.39 $25,770 9.3 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 552,640 8.36% $30.59 $41.82 $86,990 1.2 %
23-1011 Lawyers 353,440 5.34% $46.37 $55.02 $114,440 1.1 %
23-1022 Arbitrators, Mediators, and Conciliators 670 0.01% $34.22 $37.01 $76,980 10.5 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 155,630 2.35% $17.57 $18.99 $39,500 2.0 %
23-2091 Court Reporters (6) (6) $19.22 $19.40 $40,360 4.5 %
23-2092 Law Clerks 18,750 0.28% $12.26 $14.21 $29,560 4.6 %
23-2093 Title Examiners, Abstractors, and Searchers 18,360 0.28% $14.80 $16.08 $33,450 1.4 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 20,100 0.30% $20.92 $24.96 $51,920 4.7 %
25-1031 Architecture Teachers, Postsecondary 80 0.00% (4) (4) $56,970 11.4 %
25-1032 Engineering Teachers, Postsecondary (6) (6) (4) (4) $82,600 6.1 %
25-1042 Biological Science Teachers, Postsecondary 230 0.00% (4) (4) $85,030 7.3 %
25-1191 Graduate Teaching Assistants 450 0.01% (4) (4) $26,480 8.0 %
25-1194 Vocational Education Teachers, Postsecondary 420 0.01% $17.10 $19.45 $40,460 8.5 %
25-2011 Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education 360 0.01% $15.15 $15.91 $33,090 11.9 %
25-2021 Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education 190 0.00% (4) (4) $31,110 17.6 %
25-2022 Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Vocational Education 110 0.00% (4) (4) $34,590 9.5 %
25-2031 Secondary School Teachers, Except Special and Vocational Education 120 0.00% (4) (4) $46,130 4.7 %
25-2032 Vocational Education Teachers, Secondary School (6) (6) (4) (4) $44,570 3.9 %
25-3011 Adult Literacy, Remedial Education, and Ged Teachers and Instructors 470 0.01% $13.18 $15.03 $31,260 6.4 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 700 0.01% $16.93 $19.64 $40,850 7.5 %
25-4010 Archivists, Curators, and Museum Technicians 450 0.01% $18.11 $19.61 $40,780 6.0 %
25-4021 Librarians 3,800 0.06% $23.59 $24.15 $50,230 0.9 %
25-4031 Library Technicians 1,460 0.02% $16.13 $16.84 $35,020 1.3 %
25-9021 Farm and Home Management Advisors 490 0.01% $13.17 $18.01 $37,460 12.6 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 3,580 0.05% $26.15 $27.77 $57,760 2.8 %
25-9041 Teacher Assistants 850 0.01% (4) (4) $21,280 2.5 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 279,530 4.23% $19.64 $23.39 $48,660 1.5 %
27-1011 Art Directors 13,350 0.20% $31.54 $35.47 $73,780 1.8 %
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators 1,380 0.02% $20.66 $23.36 $48,580 3.4 %
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators 13,520 0.20% $21.34 $24.38 $50,720 2.6 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 10,040 0.15% $29.34 $30.38 $63,200 3.2 %
27-1022 Fashion Designers 490 0.01% $29.70 $31.09 $64,660 9.5 %
27-1023 Floral Designers 190 0.00% $16.83 $18.58 $38,650 15.0 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 62,670 0.95% $19.15 $22.36 $46,510 2.5 %
27-1025 Interior Designers 24,330 0.37% $19.99 $22.27 $46,320 2.6 %
27-1026 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 5,300 0.08% $10.61 $11.08 $23,050 2.2 %
27-1027 Set and Exhibit Designers 1,020 0.02% $16.42 $18.21 $37,880 5.8 %
27-2011 Actors 11,680 0.18% (4) (4) $52,600 6.6 %
27-2012 Producers and Directors 3,430 0.05% (4) (4) $81,490 4.0 %
27-2031 Dancers (6) (6) $10.53 $11.82 $24,580 2.2 %
27-3010 Announcers 790 0.01% $11.75 $16.49 $34,290 13.2 %
27-3020 News Analysts, Reporters and Correspondents 890 0.01% $14.07 $16.52 $34,370 8.9 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 29,750 0.45% $22.46 $27.05 $56,260 2.6 %
27-3041 Editors 10,770 0.16% $18.04 $22.03 $45,820 3.9 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 14,970 0.23% $25.20 $26.63 $55,400 1.1 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 9,990 0.15% $24.81 $31.71 $65,950 10.2 %
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators 4,330 0.07% $17.33 $19.16 $39,850 4.9 %
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians 1,330 0.02% $16.62 $18.11 $37,660 6.0 %
27-4012 Broadcast Technicians 490 0.01% $14.52 $16.66 $34,650 4.4 %
27-4014 Sound Engineering Technicians 560 0.01% $20.66 $22.79 $47,410 5.3 %
27-4021 Photographers 38,980 0.59% $10.94 $13.32 $27,700 2.1 %
27-4031 Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Picture 790 0.01% $9.84 $12.83 $26,690 9.3 %
27-4032 Film and Video Editors 380 0.01% $18.37 $17.14 $35,650 6.2 %
Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 127,760 1.93% $17.69 $22.81 $47,440 1.4 %
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists 130 0.00% $24.41 $23.80 $49,510 3.3 %
29-1041 Optometrists 30 0.00% $44.19 $51.11 $106,310 11.2 %
29-1062 Family and General Practitioners 170 0.00% $62.63 $62.78 $130,590 3.6 %
29-1066 Psychiatrists 170 0.00% $52.23 $56.66 $117,850 8.7 %
29-1071 Physician Assistants 220 0.00% $34.43 $40.58 $84,410 19.3 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 12,650 0.19% $25.12 $25.46 $52,960 1.5 %
29-1121 Audiologists (6) (6) $23.96 $25.83 $53,730 1.5 %
29-1122 Occupational Therapists 180 0.00% $26.74 $27.63 $57,460 2.8 %
29-1123 Physical Therapists 240 0.00% $29.86 $38.36 $79,790 13.6 %
29-1124 Radiation Therapists 50 0.00% $27.07 $29.32 $60,990 5.6 %
29-1131 Veterinarians 40,660 0.61% $31.08 $36.18 $75,250 1.9 %
29-2011 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 2,430 0.04% $22.30 $22.88 $47,580 2.7 %
29-2012 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 7,010 0.11% $13.94 $14.89 $30,960 2.8 %
29-2031 Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians (6) (6) $19.73 $19.36 $40,260 2.7 %
29-2032 Diagnostic Medical Sonographers 80 0.00% $24.51 $24.05 $50,020 2.6 %
29-2034 Radiologic Technologists and Technicians 960 0.01% $19.00 $19.02 $39,560 3.2 %
29-2052 Pharmacy Technicians (6) (6) $13.78 $14.29 $29,720 6.6 %
29-2053 Psychiatric Technicians 190 0.00% $10.56 $11.58 $24,090 6.9 %
29-2054 Respiratory Therapy Technicians 40 0.00% $17.03 $16.36 $34,030 8.0 %
29-2055 Surgical Technologists 70 0.00% $15.91 $15.73 $32,710 4.8 %
29-2056 Veterinary Technologists and Technicians 49,350 0.75% $11.09 $11.56 $24,040 0.7 %
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses 1,570 0.02% $18.54 $18.57 $38,610 2.5 %
29-2071 Medical Records and Health Information Technicians 3,030 0.05% $15.42 $17.15 $35,680 4.4 %
29-2081 Opticians, Dispensing 40 0.00% $15.57 $17.54 $36,480 7.8 %
29-9010 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists and Technicians 2,580 0.04% $23.45 $24.13 $50,180 2.4 %
29-9091 Athletic Trainers (6) (6) (4) (4) $34,700 4.9 %
Healthcare Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 67,290 1.02% $8.69 $9.36 $19,460 1.0 %
31-1012 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 1,840 0.03% $9.68 $10.24 $21,300 3.6 %
31-2021 Physical Therapist Assistants 40 0.00% $16.73 $15.57 $32,390 5.7 %
31-9091 Dental Assistants (6) (6) $14.02 $14.83 $30,850 5.5 %
31-9092 Medical Assistants 1,310 0.02% $13.07 $13.53 $28,130 2.3 %
31-9093 Medical Equipment Preparers 630 0.01% $10.50 $10.99 $22,860 2.0 %
31-9094 Medical Transcriptionists 910 0.01% $14.37 $15.37 $31,960 2.9 %
31-9096 Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers 58,690 0.89% $8.51 $9.05 $18,830 1.1 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 9,770 0.15% $14.82 $17.20 $35,770 4.0 %
33-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Fire Fighting and Prevention Workers 70 0.00% $23.05 $25.53 $53,110 7.1 %
33-2011 Fire Fighters 300 0.00% $14.71 $16.26 $33,830 8.2 %
33-2021 Fire Inspectors and Investigators 210 0.00% $21.73 $25.02 $52,040 7.6 %
33-9021 Private Detectives and Investigators 1,320 0.02% $22.04 $25.04 $52,090 7.2 %
33-9032 Security Guards 6,050 0.09% $11.34 $13.60 $28,290 2.8 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 7,010 0.11% $9.14 $10.73 $22,310 3.9 %
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 90 0.00% $21.36 $22.33 $46,460 5.3 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 870 0.01% $16.86 $17.53 $36,460 5.1 %
35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food 300 0.00% $7.39 $8.29 $17,250 9.4 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 380 0.01% $10.45 $11.41 $23,740 5.6 %
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant 230 0.00% $9.64 $10.58 $22,000 6.7 %
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order (6) (6) $7.50 $7.67 $15,950 3.4 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 370 0.01% $12.24 $12.18 $25,330 3.2 %
35-3011 Bartenders 780 0.01% $6.91 $8.15 $16,950 4.1 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 950 0.01% $7.30 $8.45 $17,580 6.4 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 930 0.01% $7.89 $8.49 $17,670 3.8 %
35-3041 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant 170 0.00% $13.23 $12.71 $26,440 7.4 %
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 220 0.00% $7.37 $8.19 $17,040 3.4 %
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop 100 0.00% $9.54 $9.93 $20,650 5.4 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 44,970 0.68% $9.64 $10.69 $22,230 1.3 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 890 0.01% $16.73 $17.44 $36,260 2.3 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 2,080 0.03% $16.14 $18.80 $39,100 6.6 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 18,360 0.28% $9.17 $9.98 $20,760 1.1 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 4,110 0.06% $8.52 $9.03 $18,780 1.9 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 18,350 0.28% $9.74 $10.49 $21,820 2.0 %
37-3012 Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation 140 0.00% $9.26 $10.88 $22,630 5.5 %
37-3013 Tree Trimmers and Pruners 320 0.00% $12.36 $12.88 $26,800 3.3 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 29,500 0.45% $7.95 $9.53 $19,820 4.7 %
39-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service Workers 390 0.01% $15.21 $16.30 $33,900 3.3 %
39-2011 Animal Trainers 280 0.00% $10.94 $12.58 $26,170 4.3 %
39-2021 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers 23,350 0.35% $7.71 $8.33 $17,320 1.6 %
39-5012 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 580 0.01% $10.79 $17.15 $35,670 28.9 %
39-5091 Makeup Artists, Theatrical and Performance 130 0.00% $8.80 $12.17 $25,310 12.0 %
39-6011 Baggage Porters and Bellhops (6) (6) $7.48 $7.63 $15,880 3.2 %
39-6012 Concierges 50 0.00% $9.74 $10.02 $20,830 4.7 %
39-6022 Travel Guides (6) (6) $11.58 $13.40 $27,870 10.1 %
39-9011 Child Care Workers 520 0.01% $8.60 $9.20 $19,140 2.1 %
39-9031 Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors (6) (6) $19.20 $19.11 $39,750 5.3 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 280,700 4.24% $20.15 $25.23 $52,490 1.3 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 4,750 0.07% $17.68 $22.92 $47,670 3.6 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 13,970 0.21% $35.48 $39.58 $82,320 2.6 %
41-2011 Cashiers 2,720 0.04% $7.78 $8.80 $18,300 3.3 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 6,020 0.09% $7.78 $8.38 $17,420 2.9 %
41-2022 Parts Salespersons 530 0.01% $13.63 $14.41 $29,980 7.1 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 9,680 0.15% $8.90 $11.91 $24,770 6.2 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents 43,610 0.66% $21.56 $26.35 $54,810 2.4 %
41-3021 Insurance Sales Agents 2,030 0.03% $17.09 $24.67 $51,310 7.3 %
41-3031 Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents 3,860 0.06% $28.31 $35.34 $73,520 7.0 %
41-3041 Travel Agents 280 0.00% $15.42 $15.67 $32,580 3.0 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 33,680 0.51% $32.76 $36.07 $75,030 2.2 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 32,070 0.48% $22.46 $25.59 $53,230 2.0 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters 22,350 0.34% $8.56 $10.39 $21,610 3.0 %
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents 1,630 0.02% $21.35 $24.26 $50,460 6.7 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers 9,500 0.14% $37.66 $39.72 $82,620 3.0 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 29,960 0.45% $10.24 $11.84 $24,620 2.0 %
41-9091 Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers 1,730 0.03% $11.05 $13.94 $29,000 4.4 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 1,751,460 26.48% $13.38 $14.58 $30,320 0.3 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 98,210 1.49% $20.30 $21.88 $45,520 0.6 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 10,390 0.16% $12.17 $12.57 $26,140 1.0 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 26,990 0.41% $13.95 $14.98 $31,160 1.4 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 42,610 0.64% $12.48 $13.27 $27,590 1.3 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 190,570 2.88% $13.88 $14.47 $30,100 0.6 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 14,350 0.22% $14.27 $15.38 $32,000 1.9 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 2,530 0.04% $15.67 $16.04 $33,370 1.4 %
43-3071 Tellers 1,230 0.02% $9.55 $10.13 $21,060 2.1 %
43-4021 Correspondence Clerks 2,120 0.03% $13.03 $13.42 $27,910 1.9 %
43-4031 Court, Municipal, and License Clerks (6) (6) $15.38 $16.29 $33,870 18.2 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 1,550 0.02% $13.66 $14.54 $30,250 4.9 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 101,720 1.54% $13.63 $15.44 $32,120 1.5 %
43-4061 Eligibility Interviewers, Government Programs 310 0.00% $14.25 $15.28 $31,780 7.7 %
43-4071 File Clerks 30,570 0.46% $10.17 $10.93 $22,730 1.3 %
43-4081 Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks 290 0.00% $10.28 $10.74 $22,340 6.1 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan 59,700 0.90% $8.69 $9.29 $19,320 1.1 %
43-4121 Library Assistants, Clerical 1,840 0.03% $12.83 $13.11 $27,260 1.4 %
43-4131 Loan Interviewers and Clerks 4,240 0.06% $13.79 $14.31 $29,770 1.7 %
43-4141 New Accounts Clerks 710 0.01% $13.17 $13.70 $28,500 1.7 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 6,660 0.10% $13.45 $13.93 $28,970 2.0 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 10,040 0.15% $17.04 $17.67 $36,740 0.7 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 108,140 1.64% $10.65 $11.01 $22,900 0.5 %
43-4181 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks 160 0.00% $16.16 $16.65 $34,620 2.7 %
43-5011 Cargo and Freight Agents 1,480 0.02% $13.25 $14.25 $29,640 6.0 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 17,350 0.26% $9.06 $9.66 $20,090 1.2 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 1,430 0.02% $13.96 $14.96 $31,120 2.6 %
43-5041 Meter Readers, Utilities 80 0.00% $10.06 $12.25 $25,480 14.4 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 19,090 0.29% $16.94 $18.14 $37,730 1.0 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 12,280 0.19% $12.15 $12.92 $26,870 1.5 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 9,080 0.14% $11.25 $12.20 $25,380 1.3 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 3,120 0.05% $11.63 $12.75 $26,520 2.6 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 170,020 2.57% $17.37 $18.29 $38,050 0.9 %
43-6012 Legal Secretaries 230,120 3.48% $17.14 $17.91 $37,250 1.1 %
43-6013 Medical Secretaries 6,240 0.09% $11.22 $11.74 $24,430 1.9 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 195,570 2.96% $12.55 $13.12 $27,300 1.2 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 18,430 0.28% $14.59 $15.79 $32,830 1.4 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 40,040 0.61% $10.56 $11.01 $22,910 1.6 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 22,570 0.34% $16.15 $16.68 $34,700 1.1 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 3,220 0.05% $16.35 $17.22 $35,820 2.6 %
43-9041 Insurance Claims and Policy Processing Clerks 2,400 0.04% $14.34 $14.72 $30,620 1.7 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 28,010 0.42% $9.94 $10.29 $21,410 1.0 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 223,060 3.37% $10.43 $11.15 $23,190 0.7 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 6,010 0.09% $11.61 $12.33 $25,640 1.6 %
43-9081 Proofreaders and Copy Markers 3,050 0.05% $15.86 $16.07 $33,430 1.2 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants 2,900 0.04% $15.80 $16.11 $33,510 2.3 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 4,020 0.06% $9.77 $11.08 $23,040 2.6 %
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers 350 0.01% $14.96 $16.33 $33,970 7.7 %
45-2011 Agricultural Inspectors 320 0.00% $11.16 $14.98 $31,160 11.7 %
45-2041 Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products 360 0.01% $10.45 $10.57 $21,990 4.5 %
45-2091 Agricultural Equipment Operators 250 0.00% $8.07 $8.14 $16,920 3.6 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 1,220 0.02% $9.32 $10.00 $20,800 3.4 %
45-2093 Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals 820 0.01% $8.90 $9.02 $18,760 4.2 %
45-4011 Forest and Conservation Workers 280 0.00% $9.98 $11.90 $24,750 5.3 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 57,370 0.87% $17.89 $19.23 $40,000 1.2 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 3,960 0.06% $25.33 $26.20 $54,490 1.8 %
47-2011 Boilermakers (6) (6) $19.57 $19.45 $40,460 3.2 %
47-2021 Brickmasons and Blockmasons (6) (6) $39.95 $34.45 $71,660 11.3 %
47-2031 Carpenters 3,740 0.06% $17.37 $18.37 $38,210 2.5 %
47-2044 Tile and Marble Setters 40 0.00% $20.64 $21.70 $45,140 3.4 %
47-2051 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers 260 0.00% $14.40 $15.90 $33,070 6.1 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 3,080 0.05% $13.06 $15.41 $32,050 5.1 %
47-2071 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 50 0.00% $14.10 $17.68 $36,770 20.7 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 1,580 0.02% $17.54 $19.72 $41,020 5.2 %
47-2111 Electricians 4,510 0.07% $21.15 $20.66 $42,980 2.8 %
47-2130 Insulation Workers 150 0.00% $16.18 $18.42 $38,320 14.2 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 1,930 0.03% $13.41 $14.81 $30,800 3.4 %
47-2142 Paperhangers 1,460 0.02% $13.87 $14.32 $29,790 1.8 %
47-2151 Pipelayers (6) (6) $21.89 $21.52 $44,770 8.0 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 2,170 0.03% $20.06 $19.83 $41,240 2.4 %
47-2171 Reinforcing Iron and Rebar Workers (6) (6) $10.78 $11.21 $23,310 4.9 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 450 0.01% $22.98 $21.13 $43,940 3.0 %
47-2221 Structural Iron and Steel Workers 460 0.01% $14.87 $16.02 $33,330 4.4 %
47-3012 Helpers—Carpenters (6) (6) $10.29 $10.50 $21,840 2.9 %
47-3013 Helpers—Electricians 280 0.00% $11.48 $11.57 $24,070 10.8 %
47-3014 Helpers—Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons 30 0.00% $7.97 $8.96 $18,640 7.4 %
47-3015 Helpers—Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 220 0.00% $11.02 $11.92 $24,780 2.4 %
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors 21,470 0.32% $20.18 $21.22 $44,130 1.5 %
47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 2,580 0.04% $16.64 $18.35 $38,170 2.9 %
47-4051 Highway Maintenance Workers 420 0.01% $10.19 $10.96 $22,800 6.3 %
47-4071 Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners 200 0.00% $13.16 $13.32 $27,710 3.1 %
47-5012 Rotary Drill Operators, Oil and Gas 800 0.01% $12.80 $13.18 $27,410 15.3 %
47-5021 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas 1,460 0.02% $14.10 $14.42 $29,990 2.2 %
47-5071 Roustabouts, Oil and Gas (6) (6) $10.12 $11.22 $23,330 15.5 %
47-5081 Helpers—Extraction Workers 720 0.01% $10.59 $11.01 $22,890 5.1 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 67,980 1.03% $18.80 $19.51 $40,590 1.6 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 5,920 0.09% $25.10 $27.45 $57,100 2.8 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 10,120 0.15% $18.14 $19.17 $39,880 5.0 %
49-2021 Radio Mechanics (6) (6) $12.68 $13.22 $27,500 4.5 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 7,720 0.12% $25.43 $24.87 $51,730 2.3 %
49-2091 Avionics Technicians (6) (6) $20.81 $18.99 $39,500 6.3 %
49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers 160 0.00% $16.27 $16.29 $33,890 4.7 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 4,490 0.07% $17.20 $17.46 $36,310 9.7 %
49-2096 Electronic Equipment Installers and Repairers, Motor Vehicles (6) (6) $13.00 $13.56 $28,210 8.6 %
49-2097 Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Installers and Repairers (6) (6) $18.50 $19.13 $39,800 20.8 %
49-2098 Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers 150 0.00% $18.61 $18.64 $38,770 3.7 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 2,380 0.04% $20.21 $20.61 $42,870 2.1 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 1,040 0.02% $19.81 $19.76 $41,100 4.0 %
49-3041 Farm Equipment Mechanics 50 0.00% $12.44 $12.79 $26,600 6.2 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 550 0.01% $20.36 $20.87 $43,420 2.9 %
49-3052 Motorcycle Mechanics (6) (6) $16.37 $17.26 $35,910 5.0 %
49-3053 Outdoor Power Equipment and Other Small Engine Mechanics 30 0.00% $12.16 $12.30 $25,590 4.3 %
49-3093 Tire Repairers and Changers 60 0.00% $8.71 $10.09 $20,980 8.0 %
49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door (6) (6) $22.23 $21.49 $44,700 5.4 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 1,090 0.02% $21.30 $21.07 $43,830 4.6 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 1,670 0.03% $20.19 $19.91 $41,410 2.2 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 17,360 0.26% $14.53 $15.71 $32,680 1.7 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 780 0.01% $16.30 $17.46 $36,310 3.5 %
49-9044 Millwrights 340 0.01% $23.28 $23.12 $48,090 1.9 %
49-9051 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers (6) (6) $24.93 $25.50 $53,030 2.6 %
49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers 4,030 0.06% $15.47 $17.10 $35,570 4.4 %
49-9061 Camera and Photographic Equipment Repairers 90 0.00% $13.93 $14.54 $30,240 6.4 %
49-9062 Medical Equipment Repairers 200 0.00% $19.76 $19.39 $40,340 4.9 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers (6) (6) $13.60 $13.22 $27,510 8.9 %
49-9092 Commercial Divers (6) (6) $18.21 $20.26 $42,140 8.9 %
49-9094 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers 110 0.00% $17.33 $18.33 $38,130 5.4 %
49-9096 Riggers 140 0.00% $21.31 $26.78 $55,700 18.6 %
49-9098 Helpers—Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 1,860 0.03% $10.58 $11.86 $24,670 7.8 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 117,160 1.77% $13.73 $15.85 $32,970 1.2 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 11,300 0.17% $22.95 $25.19 $52,400 1.6 %
51-2021 Coil Winders, Tapers, and Finishers 80 0.00% $11.00 $11.82 $24,590 4.0 %
51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 4,310 0.07% $11.75 $12.95 $26,940 5.4 %
51-2023 Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers 470 0.01% $14.49 $15.04 $31,280 3.0 %
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters 580 0.01% $23.39 $21.77 $45,290 4.5 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 4,630 0.07% $10.51 $11.34 $23,590 3.2 %
51-2093 Timing Device Assemblers, Adjusters, and Calibrators (6) (6) $19.89 $19.63 $40,820 3.1 %
51-3091 Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders 150 0.00% $12.75 $13.55 $28,180 5.7 %
51-3092 Food Batchmakers 80 0.00% $16.58 $15.45 $32,140 8.1 %
51-4011 Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic 300 0.00% $14.31 $16.67 $34,680 6.2 %
51-4012 Numerical Tool and Process Control Programmers 160 0.00% $20.48 $21.07 $43,830 10.6 %
51-4021 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (6) (6) $12.73 $12.86 $26,740 2.3 %
51-4022 Forging Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 40 0.00% $13.10 $13.40 $27,880 3.4 %
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 380 0.01% $11.45 $12.40 $25,780 3.5 %
51-4032 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 120 0.00% $16.16 $18.44 $38,340 7.4 %
51-4033 Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 220 0.00% $13.19 $13.43 $27,940 4.4 %
51-4034 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 150 0.00% $15.28 $16.00 $33,290 15.3 %
51-4035 Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 40 0.00% $13.19 $13.42 $27,920 6.2 %
51-4041 Machinists 5,320 0.08% $18.72 $19.07 $39,670 2.3 %
51-4061 Model Makers, Metal and Plastic 360 0.01% $27.94 $25.34 $52,710 10.0 %
51-4062 Patternmakers, Metal and Plastic (6) (6) $17.41 $17.76 $36,950 2.6 %
51-4071 Foundry Mold and Coremakers (6) (6) $15.08 $14.65 $30,470 5.6 %
51-4072 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 460 0.01% $10.13 $11.70 $24,340 5.6 %
51-4081 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 470 0.01% $12.62 $12.96 $26,970 3.8 %
51-4111 Tool and Die Makers 730 0.01% $27.91 $27.47 $57,140 2.9 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 2,870 0.04% $15.99 $16.80 $34,950 2.8 %
51-4122 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 210 0.00% $14.21 $14.88 $30,950 3.8 %
51-4191 Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 60 0.00% $18.91 $17.51 $36,420 4.8 %
51-4193 Plating and Coating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (6) (6) $11.95 $13.40 $27,870 10.5 %
51-5011 Bindery Workers 2,280 0.03% $10.46 $11.40 $23,720 2.5 %
51-5012 Bookbinders 80 0.00% $13.29 $15.19 $31,600 8.1 %
51-5021 Job Printers 1,130 0.02% $12.93 $15.01 $31,220 7.8 %
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers 4,150 0.06% $15.23 $16.49 $34,300 2.7 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 8,350 0.13% $11.74 $13.09 $27,230 1.9 %
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers (6) (6) $7.95 $8.74 $18,180 3.7 %
51-6021 Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 50 0.00% $7.89 $8.01 $16,650 6.6 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators 1,450 0.02% $10.06 $10.59 $22,030 2.9 %
51-6051 Sewers, Hand 160 0.00% $7.00 $7.53 $15,670 5.9 %
51-6052 Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers 440 0.01% $10.40 $10.63 $22,110 4.4 %
51-6061 Textile Bleaching and Dyeing Machine Operators and Tenders (6) (6) $10.67 $10.80 $22,470 1.7 %
51-6062 Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 80 0.00% $10.22 $10.67 $22,180 4.2 %
51-6063 Textile Knitting and Weaving Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (6) (6) $11.90 $11.72 $24,370 2.1 %
51-6064 Textile Winding, Twisting, and Drawing Out Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (6) (6) $10.72 $11.19 $23,280 1.9 %
51-6092 Fabric and Apparel Patternmakers (6) (6) $19.62 $21.52 $44,760 13.4 %
51-6093 Upholsterers 90 0.00% $12.74 $12.49 $25,990 4.2 %
51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 150 0.00% $14.83 $16.39 $34,090 6.0 %
51-7021 Furniture Finishers 40 0.00% $11.45 $10.73 $22,310 11.0 %
51-7031 Model Makers, Wood 220 0.00% $16.83 $19.18 $39,890 10.2 %
51-7041 Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood 80 0.00% $10.65 $11.44 $23,790 7.2 %
51-7042 Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing 100 0.00% $9.70 $10.44 $21,710 7.4 %
51-8011 Nuclear Power Reactor Operators 360 0.01% $27.51 $29.29 $60,930 1.9 %
51-8013 Power Plant Operators 260 0.00% $29.78 $29.28 $60,900 4.3 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 2,300 0.03% $26.25 $25.82 $53,710 2.9 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 1,010 0.02% $14.08 $15.87 $33,000 4.2 %
51-8091 Chemical Plant and System Operators 230 0.00% $13.77 $15.52 $32,270 3.9 %
51-8093 Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, and Gaugers 260 0.00% $14.30 $17.00 $35,360 11.7 %
51-9011 Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders 1,470 0.02% $20.53 $21.70 $45,130 2.2 %
51-9012 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 90 0.00% $14.38 $15.07 $31,350 3.3 %
51-9021 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 150 0.00% $9.50 $10.68 $22,200 4.0 %
51-9022 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 130 0.00% $10.00 $10.14 $21,100 6.3 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 330 0.00% $13.72 $14.15 $29,430 4.3 %
51-9031 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 120 0.00% $10.89 $11.83 $24,600 4.1 %
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 130 0.00% $11.02 $11.35 $23,610 6.0 %
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 90 0.00% $11.20 $11.67 $24,270 6.6 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 23,410 0.35% $15.57 $16.70 $34,740 1.9 %
51-9071 Jewelers and Precious Stone and Metal Workers 230 0.00% $18.77 $19.67 $40,920 9.1 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 3,860 0.06% $8.84 $9.56 $19,880 2.4 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 270 0.00% $15.79 $15.92 $33,120 6.1 %
51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers 900 0.01% $15.56 $14.73 $30,640 8.3 %
51-9131 Photographic Process Workers 6,230 0.09% $10.07 $11.49 $23,890 2.2 %
51-9132 Photographic Processing Machine Operators 2,740 0.04% $10.15 $11.15 $23,190 2.3 %
51-9141 Semiconductor Processors 280 0.00% $11.42 $13.52 $28,130 5.3 %
51-9191 Cementing and Gluing Machine Operators and Tenders 50 0.00% $16.07 $14.40 $29,950 9.9 %
51-9194 Etchers and Engravers 290 0.00% $9.71 $10.18 $21,170 6.6 %
51-9195 Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic 130 0.00% $13.61 $14.67 $30,510 3.3 %
51-9196 Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 630 0.01% $10.05 $11.38 $23,670 5.4 %
51-9198 Helpers—Production Workers 3,080 0.05% $9.01 $9.57 $19,910 2.0 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 63,600 0.96% $10.74 $12.77 $26,560 1.9 %
53-1011 Aircraft Cargo Handling Supervisors 40 0.00% $17.76 $21.18 $44,050 6.3 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 1,650 0.02% $17.93 $18.67 $38,830 2.1 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 1,000 0.02% $20.68 $22.29 $46,350 3.8 %
53-2011 Airline Pilots, Copilots, and Flight Engineers 210 0.00% (4) (4) $65,440 4.3 %
53-2012 Commercial Pilots 490 0.01% (4) (4) $46,970 4.7 %
53-3021 Bus Drivers, Transit and Intercity (6) (6) $15.35 $15.14 $31,480 2.1 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 1,150 0.02% $8.53 $9.86 $20,510 6.4 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 4,310 0.07% $16.20 $16.98 $35,320 3.9 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light Or Delivery Services 8,040 0.12% $10.63 $11.61 $24,140 2.2 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs (6) (6) $23.91 $21.48 $44,690 5.5 %
53-5011 Sailors and Marine Oilers 70 0.00% $12.07 $13.29 $27,640 9.2 %
53-5021 Captains, Mates, and Pilots of Water Vessels 70 0.00% $16.15 $18.82 $39,150 9.1 %
53-6031 Service Station Attendants (6) (6) $6.51 $6.40 $13,320 6.0 %
53-6041 Traffic Technicians 200 0.00% $13.28 $16.17 $33,630 16.0 %
53-6051 Transportation Inspectors 610 0.01% $14.06 $16.89 $35,130 15.2 %
53-7011 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 130 0.00% $11.94 $11.55 $24,030 2.3 %
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators 60 0.00% $16.28 $16.30 $33,900 2.5 %
53-7031 Dredge Operators (6) (6) $25.53 $24.27 $50,480 4.3 %
53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators 510 0.01% $13.40 $17.31 $36,000 8.8 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 2,860 0.04% $11.42 $12.73 $26,470 2.7 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 1,030 0.02% $9.94 $11.34 $23,590 4.9 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 23,630 0.36% $10.22 $11.27 $23,440 1.8 %
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 650 0.01% $8.34 $8.85 $18,400 2.5 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 8,320 0.13% $8.14 $8.52 $17,710 1.1 %
53-7081 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors (6) (6) $12.65 $12.91 $26,850 10.2 %

About May 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) = Hourly wage rates for occupations where workers typically work fewer than 2,080 hours per year are not available.

(5) = Median hourly wage is equal to or greater than $70.00 per hour.

(6) =Estimates not released.



Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2003 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2003 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2003 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Technical notes

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Last Modified Date: May 7, 2004

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