Occupational Employment Statistics

May 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 611000 - Educational Services

These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in NAICS 611000 - Educational Services.

These and other data elements, including the 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages are available in the downloadable Excel files (XLS).

NAICS 611000 - Educational Services consists of:

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in in NAICS 611000 - Educational Services:

NAICS 611000 - Educational Services

Click on the SOC code number to view an occupational profile.

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 11,862,740 100.00% $16.92 $19.08 $39,690 0.8 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 543,450 4.58% $33.83 $36.01 $74,910 1.0 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 21,700 0.18% $52.51 $56.56 $117,650 1.1 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 55,470 0.47% $38.05 $41.14 $85,560 1.2 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 1,330 0.01% $25.00 $26.86 $55,860 1.6 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 4,020 0.03% $28.04 $30.72 $63,900 1.1 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 550 0.00% $36.72 $40.56 $84,360 4.4 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 6,880 0.06% $28.13 $30.75 $63,970 0.9 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 28,230 0.24% $29.17 $30.53 $63,490 1.1 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 12,040 0.10% $34.48 $35.56 $73,960 1.7 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 20,340 0.17% $33.43 $35.00 $72,800 0.7 %
11-3040 Human Resources Managers 9,900 0.08% $31.96 $33.40 $69,470 0.9 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 260 0.00% $29.19 $32.55 $67,710 5.2 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 1,850 0.02% $27.56 $28.90 $60,100 0.8 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 1,490 0.01% $28.13 $29.38 $61,100 1.8 %
11-9011 Farm, Ranch, and Other Agricultural Managers 150 0.00% $24.62 $24.94 $51,880 3.0 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 1,030 0.01% $33.86 $35.31 $73,440 1.9 %
11-9031 Education Administrators, Preschool and Child Care Center/Program 11,370 0.10% $24.47 $25.42 $52,870 2.4 %
11-9032 Education Administrators, Elementary and Secondary School 203,350 1.71% (4) (4) $76,420 2.1 %
11-9033 Education Administrators, Postsecondary 96,340 0.81% $32.02 $35.61 $74,060 0.8 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 1,260 0.01% $36.34 $40.19 $83,590 3.6 %
11-9051 Food Service Managers 10,340 0.09% $17.11 $19.52 $40,590 1.8 %
11-9081 Lodging Managers 440 0.00% $21.20 $22.63 $47,080 2.4 %
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 3,820 0.03% $32.85 $37.49 $77,980 2.0 %
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers 1,890 0.02% $29.74 $32.68 $67,980 1.8 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 960 0.01% $27.51 $28.15 $58,540 1.8 %
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers 2,690 0.02% $22.75 $25.31 $52,640 2.2 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 190,280 1.60% $21.11 $22.99 $47,820 0.8 %
13-1011 Agents and Business Managers of Artists, Performers, and Athletes 110 0.00% $34.78 $43.41 $90,280 13.3 %
13-1021 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 220 0.00% $17.68 $18.31 $38,090 1.5 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 740 0.01% $15.99 $17.10 $35,570 3.2 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 6,000 0.05% $19.47 $20.35 $42,330 0.8 %
13-1031 Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 70 0.00% $22.87 $22.27 $46,330 2.7 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 4,090 0.03% $27.75 $28.09 $58,430 2.8 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 220 0.00% $21.51 $23.06 $47,960 3.3 %
13-1061 Emergency Management Specialists 150 0.00% $20.08 $22.46 $46,720 3.6 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 9,190 0.08% $18.29 $20.03 $41,660 0.8 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 3,660 0.03% $20.46 $21.46 $44,640 0.8 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 13,900 0.12% $20.24 $22.39 $46,580 1.5 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 7,970 0.07% $24.76 $28.85 $60,010 4.2 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 3,080 0.03% $17.47 $18.52 $38,520 1.4 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 35,220 0.30% $21.07 $22.68 $47,170 1.4 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 4,610 0.04% $22.93 $24.20 $50,340 0.9 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 40 0.00% $19.69 $23.76 $49,430 6.2 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 3,070 0.03% $24.25 $25.08 $52,170 1.1 %
13-2052 Personal Financial Advisors 390 0.00% $16.56 $22.14 $46,050 6.8 %
13-2061 Financial Examiners 100 0.00% $19.55 $21.49 $44,700 4.4 %
13-2071 Loan Counselors 5,350 0.05% $16.05 $16.86 $35,070 1.4 %
13-2072 Loan Officers 120 0.00% $16.71 $18.13 $37,710 3.6 %
Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 148,960 1.26% $20.64 $21.71 $45,150 0.6 %
15-1011 Computer and Information Scientists, Research 310 0.00% $23.92 $25.57 $53,180 5.8 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 18,110 0.15% $22.75 $23.74 $49,380 1.0 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 5,890 0.05% $26.23 $27.00 $56,160 1.0 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 2,440 0.02% $28.22 $28.86 $60,040 3.5 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 53,760 0.45% $16.73 $17.56 $36,530 0.6 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 20,380 0.17% $23.79 $24.92 $51,840 1.6 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 5,160 0.04% $24.11 $25.46 $52,960 1.3 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 21,650 0.18% $23.23 $24.08 $50,080 0.8 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 5,730 0.05% $23.24 $24.49 $50,940 1.1 %
15-2021 Mathematicians 160 0.00% $16.56 $20.78 $43,220 14.9 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 1,460 0.01% $22.84 $23.62 $49,130 3.4 %
15-2041 Statisticians 1,370 0.01% $21.64 $22.66 $47,120 1.8 %
15-2091 Mathematical Technicians 100 0.00% $17.09 $17.94 $37,320 3.8 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 25,040 0.21% $23.16 $24.72 $51,420 2.2 %
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval 930 0.01% $28.33 $28.56 $59,410 1.4 %
17-1012 Landscape Architects 140 0.00% $22.65 $22.66 $47,140 3.9 %
17-1021 Cartographers and Photogrammetrists 80 0.00% $19.76 $21.26 $44,230 3.3 %
17-2021 Agricultural Engineers 90 0.00% $23.23 $26.60 $55,320 5.4 %
17-2031 Biomedical Engineers 170 0.00% $22.88 $25.78 $53,620 8.2 %
17-2041 Chemical Engineers 110 0.00% $23.54 $26.97 $56,100 8.6 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 2,220 0.02% $25.65 $28.30 $58,870 3.0 %
17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers 1,010 0.01% $24.32 $25.32 $52,660 2.5 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 920 0.01% $27.84 $29.27 $60,880 1.5 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 740 0.01% $26.44 $27.40 $56,990 1.9 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 100 0.00% $25.43 $27.13 $56,430 2.7 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 120 0.00% $21.98 $24.45 $50,850 2.8 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 140 0.00% $27.42 $25.87 $53,820 4.0 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 1,200 0.01% $23.82 $24.96 $51,920 2.5 %
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters 290 0.00% $16.14 $17.64 $36,690 2.4 %
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters 100 0.00% $15.97 $17.06 $35,490 7.3 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 70 0.00% $19.53 $20.21 $42,040 3.1 %
17-3021 Aerospace Engineering and Operations Technicians 130 0.00% $22.37 $23.05 $47,950 3.3 %
17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians 1,310 0.01% $16.12 $16.81 $34,970 3.9 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 1,180 0.01% $18.21 $18.40 $38,260 1.7 %
17-3024 Electro-Mechanical Technicians 100 0.00% $20.77 $21.08 $43,850 2.8 %
17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technicians 140 0.00% $12.81 $14.12 $29,370 5.5 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 30 0.00% $22.47 $22.33 $46,440 4.9 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 140 0.00% $17.06 $17.62 $36,640 2.1 %
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 70 0.00% $17.47 $17.45 $36,300 2.5 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 142,760 1.20% $19.01 $21.94 $45,630 2.2 %
19-1010 Agricultural and Food Scientists 1,950 0.02% $18.29 $21.13 $43,960 3.3 %
19-1021 Biochemists and Biophysicists 730 0.01% $17.54 $22.84 $47,510 5.2 %
19-1022 Microbiologists 720 0.01% $17.12 $19.87 $41,320 3.4 %
19-1023 Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists 270 0.00% $16.94 $18.95 $39,410 3.4 %
19-1031 Conservation Scientists 190 0.00% $19.51 $20.74 $43,150 4.3 %
19-1032 Foresters 140 0.00% $18.78 $20.56 $42,770 4.6 %
19-1042 Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists 12,910 0.11% $19.44 $26.45 $55,010 9.1 %
19-2011 Astronomers 60 0.00% $24.00 $27.90 $58,030 10.6 %
19-2012 Physicists 900 0.01% $23.78 $26.20 $54,490 3.4 %
19-2021 Atmospheric and Space Scientists 150 0.00% $22.39 $24.61 $51,200 1.7 %
19-2031 Chemists 1,190 0.01% $16.85 $19.10 $39,720 2.6 %
19-2032 Materials Scientists 200 0.00% $25.05 $26.03 $54,130 3.3 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 2,730 0.02% $18.44 $20.75 $43,150 3.1 %
19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers 860 0.01% $24.39 $26.87 $55,880 1.9 %
19-2043 Hydrologists 60 0.00% $21.25 $23.34 $48,550 6.2 %
19-3011 Economists 250 0.00% $25.93 $29.46 $61,270 8.2 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 1,270 0.01% $20.49 $25.18 $52,370 8.4 %
19-3022 Survey Researchers 150 0.00% $18.42 $20.73 $43,110 9.0 %
19-3031 Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists 42,360 0.36% $26.07 $27.35 $56,890 2.6 %
19-3032 Industrial-Organizational Psychologists 50 0.00% $26.69 $30.00 $62,390 12.0 %
19-3041 Sociologists 700 0.01% $19.38 $19.54 $40,650 3.7 %
19-3051 Urban and Regional Planners 50 0.00% $23.59 $24.91 $51,800 3.1 %
19-3091 Anthropologists and Archeologists 30 0.00% $17.46 $19.80 $41,190 5.6 %
19-3094 Political Scientists 60 0.00% $12.99 $16.22 $33,740 11.3 %
19-4011 Agricultural and Food Science Technicians 3,290 0.03% $14.79 $15.42 $32,070 3.9 %
19-4021 Biological Technicians 4,580 0.04% $13.89 $14.92 $31,030 1.3 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 940 0.01% $16.15 $16.46 $34,240 1.5 %
19-4041 Geological and Petroleum Technicians 110 0.00% $15.62 $16.71 $34,760 5.1 %
19-4051 Nuclear Technicians 130 0.00% $19.03 $20.03 $41,660 2.9 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health 530 0.00% $14.71 $15.05 $31,310 5.1 %
19-4093 Forest and Conservation Technicians 220 0.00% $12.12 $12.60 $26,210 2.5 %
Community and Social Services Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 245,770 2.07% $21.72 $22.91 $47,650 1.8 %
21-1011 Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors 2,520 0.02% $20.83 $24.52 $51,000 12.1 %
21-1012 Educational, Vocational, and School Counselors 175,550 1.48% $22.70 $23.91 $49,740 2.2 %
21-1013 Marriage and Family Therapists 150 0.00% $17.69 $18.72 $38,930 2.3 %
21-1014 Mental Health Counselors 1,590 0.01% $19.29 $19.50 $40,570 2.7 %
21-1015 Rehabilitation Counselors 1,160 0.01% $18.05 $18.99 $39,490 2.8 %
21-1021 Child, Family, and School Social Workers 37,090 0.31% $21.11 $22.69 $47,190 3.2 %
21-1022 Medical and Public Health Social Workers 840 0.01% $20.39 $20.36 $42,350 1.7 %
21-1023 Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers 890 0.01% $17.16 $18.08 $37,600 2.8 %
21-1091 Health Educators 2,020 0.02% $18.29 $19.32 $40,190 2.9 %
21-1092 Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists 80 0.00% $11.47 $12.62 $26,240 4.5 %
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants 7,600 0.06% $10.99 $11.89 $24,740 1.8 %
21-2011 Clergy 1,610 0.01% $15.33 $16.36 $34,020 2.6 %
21-2021 Directors, Religious Activities and Education 430 0.00% $15.81 $17.38 $36,150 3.2 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 2,770 0.02% $30.59 $34.50 $71,750 3.3 %
23-1011 Lawyers 1,960 0.02% $39.55 $40.68 $84,610 3.9 %
23-1022 Arbitrators, Mediators, and Conciliators 80 0.00% $26.35 $25.94 $53,940 3.7 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 300 0.00% $19.16 $19.84 $41,260 1.6 %
23-2091 Court Reporters 40 0.00% $17.11 $19.80 $41,190 7.3 %
23-2092 Law Clerks (6) (6) $10.53 $13.70 $28,500 7.7 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 6,925,140 58.38% $18.90 $20.36 $42,350 1.0 %
25-1011 Business Teachers, Postsecondary 68,180 0.57% (4) (4) $62,460 1.3 %
25-1021 Computer Science Teachers, Postsecondary 34,390 0.29% (4) (4) $56,240 1.1 %
25-1022 Mathematical Science Teachers, Postsecondary 41,800 0.35% (4) (4) $55,510 0.9 %
25-1031 Architecture Teachers, Postsecondary 5,180 0.04% (4) (4) $64,440 2.1 %
25-1032 Engineering Teachers, Postsecondary 28,910 0.24% (4) (4) $74,650 1.6 %
25-1041 Agricultural Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 11,240 0.09% (4) (4) $66,830 2.1 %
25-1042 Biological Science Teachers, Postsecondary 51,420 0.43% (4) (4) $68,900 2.6 %
25-1043 Forestry and Conservation Science Teachers, Postsecondary 2,450 0.02% (4) (4) $66,870 1.9 %
25-1051 Atmospheric, Earth, Marine, and Space Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 8,130 0.07% (4) (4) $67,570 1.5 %
25-1052 Chemistry Teachers, Postsecondary 16,900 0.14% (4) (4) $61,600 1.6 %
25-1053 Environmental Science Teachers, Postsecondary 3,470 0.03% (4) (4) $63,450 1.9 %
25-1054 Physics Teachers, Postsecondary 11,800 0.10% (4) (4) $67,080 1.2 %
25-1061 Anthropology and Archeology Teachers, Postsecondary 4,690 0.04% (4) (4) $64,320 1.6 %
25-1062 Area, Ethnic, and Cultural Studies Teachers, Postsecondary 7,440 0.06% (4) (4) $60,510 1.7 %
25-1063 Economics Teachers, Postsecondary 11,420 0.10% (4) (4) $70,580 1.7 %
25-1064 Geography Teachers, Postsecondary 3,900 0.03% (4) (4) $59,190 1.3 %
25-1065 Political Science Teachers, Postsecondary 12,300 0.10% (4) (4) $62,810 1.4 %
25-1066 Psychology Teachers, Postsecondary 27,190 0.23% (4) (4) $59,220 1.1 %
25-1067 Sociology Teachers, Postsecondary 13,990 0.12% (4) (4) $56,830 1.0 %
25-1071 Health Specialties Teachers, Postsecondary 77,210 0.65% (4) (4) $76,370 2.3 %
25-1072 Nursing Instructors and Teachers, Postsecondary 30,140 0.25% (4) (4) $52,640 0.8 %
25-1081 Education Teachers, Postsecondary 44,760 0.38% (4) (4) $51,850 1.2 %
25-1082 Library Science Teachers, Postsecondary 4,100 0.03% (4) (4) $53,710 1.7 %
25-1111 Criminal Justice and Law Enforcement Teachers, Postsecondary 9,500 0.08% (4) (4) $49,310 1.8 %
25-1112 Law Teachers, Postsecondary 11,470 0.10% (4) (4) $91,420 2.9 %
25-1113 Social Work Teachers, Postsecondary 6,470 0.05% (4) (4) $55,830 1.5 %
25-1121 Art, Drama, and Music Teachers, Postsecondary 59,290 0.50% (4) (4) $53,020 1.1 %
25-1122 Communications Teachers, Postsecondary 20,380 0.17% (4) (4) $52,430 1.0 %
25-1123 English Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary 56,430 0.48% (4) (4) $51,800 0.9 %
25-1124 Foreign Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary 19,610 0.17% (4) (4) $51,020 1.1 %
25-1125 History Teachers, Postsecondary 18,100 0.15% (4) (4) $56,550 0.9 %
25-1126 Philosophy and Religion Teachers, Postsecondary 15,780 0.13% (4) (4) $53,660 1.2 %
25-1191 Graduate Teaching Assistants 120,630 1.02% (4) (4) $26,440 3.3 %
25-1192 Home Economics Teachers, Postsecondary 4,500 0.04% (4) (4) $52,600 2.4 %
25-1193 Recreation and Fitness Studies Teachers, Postsecondary 13,910 0.12% (4) (4) $48,370 1.2 %
25-1194 Vocational Education Teachers, Postsecondary 107,670 0.91% $19.30 $21.02 $43,720 1.0 %
25-2011 Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education 60,210 0.51% $14.28 $15.10 $31,410 1.7 %
25-2012 Kindergarten Teachers, Except Special Education 152,530 1.29% (4) (4) $43,630 2.5 %
25-2021 Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education 1,414,730 11.93% (4) (4) $44,450 1.6 %
25-2022 Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Vocational Education 601,010 5.07% (4) (4) $44,860 1.2 %
25-2023 Vocational Education Teachers, Middle School 17,340 0.15% (4) (4) $44,980 1.3 %
25-2031 Secondary School Teachers, Except Special and Vocational Education 1,006,520 8.48% (4) (4) $46,840 1.5 %
25-2032 Vocational Education Teachers, Secondary School 99,110 0.84% (4) (4) $46,030 0.6 %
25-2041 Special Education Teachers, Preschool, Kindergarten, and Elementary School 200,750 1.69% (4) (4) $46,220 3.2 %
25-2042 Special Education Teachers, Middle School 92,070 0.78% (4) (4) $45,070 2.0 %
25-2043 Special Education Teachers, Secondary School 128,350 1.08% (4) (4) $47,740 2.8 %
25-3011 Adult Literacy, Remedial Education, and Ged Teachers and Instructors 48,490 0.41% $18.74 $21.39 $44,480 5.3 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 81,950 0.69% $15.60 $17.31 $36,000 1.5 %
25-4010 Archivists, Curators, and Museum Technicians 2,800 0.02% $20.18 $22.15 $46,070 2.3 %
25-4021 Librarians 87,720 0.74% $22.23 $23.03 $47,900 0.4 %
25-4031 Library Technicians 46,930 0.40% $11.89 $12.52 $26,050 0.9 %
25-9011 Audio-Visual Collections Specialists 7,360 0.06% $17.11 $17.56 $36,530 4.2 %
25-9021 Farm and Home Management Advisors 9,140 0.08% $21.02 $21.58 $44,890 1.5 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 71,070 0.60% $23.30 $24.58 $51,130 0.9 %
25-9041 Teacher Assistants 1,052,540 8.87% (4) (4) $20,460 1.5 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 149,520 1.26% $15.31 $16.71 $34,760 0.8 %
27-1011 Art Directors (6) (6) $16.71 $19.66 $40,890 4.3 %
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators 530 0.00% $16.15 $16.66 $34,650 2.7 %
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators 600 0.01% $17.65 $18.73 $38,960 2.2 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 90 0.00% $22.57 $27.40 $56,990 6.5 %
27-1022 Fashion Designers 100 0.00% $15.52 $15.74 $32,740 4.3 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 3,810 0.03% $17.55 $17.96 $37,360 0.9 %
27-1025 Interior Designers 140 0.00% $20.87 $20.77 $43,210 2.1 %
27-1027 Set and Exhibit Designers 330 0.00% $16.36 $16.98 $35,310 4.8 %
27-2011 Actors 620 0.01% (4) (4) $32,550 8.0 %
27-2012 Producers and Directors 2,030 0.02% (4) (4) $44,190 1.6 %
27-2021 Athletes and Sports Competitors 270 0.00% (4) (4) $35,520 10.5 %
27-2022 Coaches and Scouts 71,100 0.60% (4) (4) $32,870 1.4 %
27-2031 Dancers 1,900 0.02% $10.71 $14.27 $29,670 5.4 %
27-2032 Choreographers 13,230 0.11% $14.95 $17.22 $35,820 3.3 %
27-2041 Music Directors and Composers 1,060 0.01% (4) (4) $43,300 2.4 %
27-2042 Musicians and Singers 1,720 0.01% (4) (4) $30,920 3.8 %
27-3010 Announcers 530 0.00% $13.78 $15.32 $31,860 6.1 %
27-3020 News Analysts, Reporters and Correspondents 190 0.00% $17.67 $17.64 $36,700 4.2 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 14,050 0.12% $18.17 $19.40 $40,350 0.9 %
27-3041 Editors 4,120 0.03% $19.05 $19.68 $40,940 0.8 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 900 0.01% $19.58 $21.67 $45,070 6.7 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 2,350 0.02% $18.09 $20.56 $42,760 3.9 %
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators 7,400 0.06% $15.70 $16.39 $34,090 1.0 %
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians 4,570 0.04% $14.76 $15.11 $31,420 1.0 %
27-4012 Broadcast Technicians 1,650 0.01% $16.29 $17.04 $35,450 1.3 %
27-4013 Radio Operators 70 0.00% $12.48 $12.39 $25,770 6.6 %
27-4014 Sound Engineering Technicians 580 0.00% $15.58 $16.70 $34,740 5.9 %
27-4021 Photographers 1,010 0.01% $16.04 $16.10 $33,490 1.4 %
27-4031 Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Picture 320 0.00% $13.74 $14.65 $30,460 2.0 %
27-4032 Film and Video Editors 80 0.00% $16.06 $16.79 $34,930 3.8 %
Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 229,910 1.94% $20.19 $21.78 $45,310 1.4 %
29-1011 Chiropractors 650 0.01% $27.15 $29.98 $62,370 4.9 %
29-1020 Dentists 270 0.00% $26.97 $30.25 $62,910 8.7 %
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists 1,180 0.01% $19.81 $19.82 $41,220 1.6 %
29-1041 Optometrists 260 0.00% $31.52 $31.98 $66,530 10.2 %
29-1051 Pharmacists 1,060 0.01% $33.25 $32.58 $67,770 1.3 %
29-1061 Anesthesiologists 350 0.00% $32.76 $40.62 $84,490 11.2 %
29-1062 Family and General Practitioners 7,150 0.06% $31.73 $36.16 $75,220 3.0 %
29-1063 Internists, General 420 0.00% $31.03 $36.60 $76,120 10.8 %
29-1064 Obstetricians and Gynecologists 500 0.00% $52.72 $62.83 $130,680 12.7 %
29-1065 Pediatricians, General 1,060 0.01% $35.54 $42.09 $87,550 11.4 %
29-1066 Psychiatrists 460 0.00% $37.02 $43.19 $89,840 7.6 %
29-1067 Surgeons 790 0.01% $44.24 $49.84 $103,680 14.6 %
29-1071 Physician Assistants 1,250 0.01% $31.17 $30.88 $64,230 1.2 %
29-1081 Podiatrists 60 0.00% $46.03 $47.10 $97,970 7.5 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 72,000 0.61% $20.33 $21.04 $43,750 1.1 %
29-1121 Audiologists 1,550 0.01% $23.63 $23.70 $49,290 1.9 %
29-1122 Occupational Therapists 11,860 0.10% $22.22 $23.16 $48,170 0.9 %
29-1123 Physical Therapists 4,660 0.04% $24.99 $25.65 $53,340 1.2 %
29-1124 Radiation Therapists 190 0.00% $27.71 $28.01 $58,270 2.3 %
29-1125 Recreational Therapists 310 0.00% $17.56 $21.34 $44,390 5.9 %
29-1126 Respiratory Therapists 740 0.01% $21.08 $21.32 $44,340 2.7 %
29-1127 Speech-Language Pathologists 48,350 0.41% $22.35 $23.25 $48,360 0.6 %
29-1131 Veterinarians 210 0.00% $21.03 $24.60 $51,170 7.8 %
29-2011 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 3,750 0.03% $20.54 $20.82 $43,310 3.3 %
29-2012 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 8,600 0.07% $14.93 $16.11 $33,520 1.6 %
29-2021 Dental Hygienists 370 0.00% $21.49 $23.13 $48,110 3.0 %
29-2031 Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians 620 0.01% $19.26 $19.57 $40,710 3.3 %
29-2032 Diagnostic Medical Sonographers 260 0.00% $24.64 $24.34 $50,630 1.8 %
29-2033 Nuclear Medicine Technologists 60 0.00% $25.36 $25.38 $52,790 2.4 %
29-2034 Radiologic Technologists and Technicians 1,850 0.02% $21.67 $22.32 $46,420 2.6 %
29-2041 Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics 460 0.00% $12.89 $13.22 $27,490 3.3 %
29-2051 Dietetic Technicians 680 0.01% $10.03 $10.47 $21,780 2.7 %
29-2052 Pharmacy Technicians 530 0.00% $12.49 $12.55 $26,110 2.7 %
29-2053 Psychiatric Technicians 330 0.00% $13.33 $13.42 $27,920 4.8 %
29-2054 Respiratory Therapy Technicians 100 0.00% $12.97 $12.59 $26,180 2.8 %
29-2055 Surgical Technologists 450 0.00% $15.05 $15.16 $31,530 2.6 %
29-2056 Veterinary Technologists and Technicians 1,280 0.01% $14.30 $14.57 $30,310 2.7 %
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses 14,260 0.12% $12.99 $14.12 $29,370 2.5 %
29-2071 Medical Records and Health Information Technicians 1,930 0.02% $15.20 $15.33 $31,880 2.2 %
29-2081 Opticians, Dispensing 90 0.00% $15.48 $15.31 $31,840 4.9 %
29-9010 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists and Technicians 1,900 0.02% $20.97 $21.26 $44,210 1.6 %
29-9091 Athletic Trainers 3,740 0.03% (4) (4) $36,670 1.3 %
Healthcare Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 35,790 0.30% $11.53 $12.06 $25,080 1.1 %
31-1011 Home Health Aides 430 0.00% $8.22 $8.63 $17,950 4.5 %
31-1012 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 11,730 0.10% $9.81 $10.08 $20,970 1.4 %
31-1013 Psychiatric Aides 840 0.01% $10.51 $11.15 $23,190 3.6 %
31-2011 Occupational Therapist Assistants 900 0.01% $15.90 $16.89 $35,130 3.7 %
31-2012 Occupational Therapist Aides 120 0.00% $11.30 $11.92 $24,790 4.2 %
31-2021 Physical Therapist Assistants 510 0.00% $16.67 $17.04 $35,430 4.1 %
31-2022 Physical Therapist Aides 110 0.00% $13.25 $13.11 $27,270 3.8 %
31-9011 Massage Therapists 300 0.00% $21.25 $20.48 $42,600 7.1 %
31-9091 Dental Assistants 1,860 0.02% $12.34 $12.93 $26,900 2.2 %
31-9092 Medical Assistants 6,000 0.05% $13.12 $13.38 $27,830 1.2 %
31-9093 Medical Equipment Preparers 810 0.01% $11.40 $12.03 $25,020 2.5 %
31-9094 Medical Transcriptionists 640 0.01% $14.56 $13.88 $28,870 2.3 %
31-9095 Pharmacy Aides 290 0.00% $15.01 $14.44 $30,030 2.8 %
31-9096 Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers 2,910 0.02% $11.09 $11.66 $24,250 1.7 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 112,330 0.95% $11.34 $12.40 $25,800 1.7 %
33-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Police and Detectives 1,480 0.01% $23.38 $24.07 $50,060 1.4 %
33-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Fire Fighting and Prevention Workers 70 0.00% $26.88 $26.02 $54,110 4.7 %
33-2011 Fire Fighters 180 0.00% $22.61 $21.72 $45,180 1.7 %
33-2021 Fire Inspectors and Investigators 110 0.00% $18.59 $19.42 $40,390 2.9 %
33-3021 Detectives and Criminal Investigators 270 0.00% $22.86 $22.78 $47,390 1.5 %
33-3041 Parking Enforcement Workers 570 0.00% $10.74 $11.29 $23,470 2.3 %
33-3051 Police and Sheriff's Patrol Officers 9,630 0.08% $16.37 $17.06 $35,470 0.9 %
33-9021 Private Detectives and Investigators 140 0.00% $23.41 $21.15 $43,990 5.2 %
33-9032 Security Guards 58,450 0.49% $11.84 $12.48 $25,960 0.9 %
33-9091 Crossing Guards 10,250 0.09% $8.54 $9.11 $18,960 1.9 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 479,220 4.04% $8.52 $9.07 $18,870 0.6 %
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 910 0.01% $14.11 $15.38 $31,990 2.6 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 46,730 0.39% $11.55 $12.18 $25,330 1.1 %
35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food 220 0.00% $8.13 $8.68 $18,060 8.7 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 172,680 1.46% $7.90 $8.55 $17,770 0.7 %
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant 330 0.00% $9.79 $11.00 $22,870 9.9 %
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order 150 0.00% $8.64 $9.45 $19,660 1.9 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 84,950 0.72% $9.06 $9.09 $18,910 1.5 %
35-3011 Bartenders 190 0.00% $7.94 $8.26 $17,180 3.5 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 79,780 0.67% $8.14 $8.56 $17,800 1.0 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 45,340 0.38% $9.12 $9.48 $19,720 3.3 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses 500 0.00% $7.26 $8.05 $16,750 3.2 %
35-3041 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant 1,800 0.02% $8.00 $8.56 $17,800 2.6 %
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 24,760 0.21% $7.22 $7.96 $16,560 2.6 %
35-9021 Dishwashers 7,870 0.07% $7.29 $7.75 $16,130 1.0 %
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop 50 0.00% $11.37 $11.95 $24,860 6.4 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 558,680 4.71% $11.23 $11.86 $24,670 0.5 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 40,040 0.34% $15.93 $16.75 $34,840 1.1 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 3,720 0.03% $17.27 $18.08 $37,600 1.1 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 460,280 3.88% $10.82 $11.33 $23,560 0.5 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 6,420 0.05% $9.71 $9.98 $20,760 1.4 %
37-2021 Pest Control Workers 250 0.00% $13.80 $14.31 $29,770 2.8 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 41,550 0.35% $12.24 $12.81 $26,650 0.9 %
37-3012 Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation 110 0.00% $11.90 $12.62 $26,240 5.8 %
37-3013 Tree Trimmers and Pruners 180 0.00% $16.37 $15.94 $33,150 4.7 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 186,710 1.57% $9.13 $9.94 $20,670 1.0 %
39-1011 Gaming Supervisors (6) (6) $12.29 $12.58 $26,170 6.4 %
39-1012 Slot Key Persons 30 0.00% $15.94 $15.86 $32,990 3.6 %
39-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service Workers 4,550 0.04% $14.30 $16.28 $33,870 2.9 %
39-2011 Animal Trainers 90 0.00% $16.78 $16.21 $33,730 5.9 %
39-2021 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers 1,300 0.01% $9.52 $9.74 $20,260 2.3 %
39-3012 Gaming and Sports Book Writers and Runners (6) (6) $8.37 $8.44 $17,560 3.8 %
39-3031 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 1,840 0.02% $7.98 $8.75 $18,200 2.2 %
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 4,390 0.04% $8.22 $8.97 $18,650 1.8 %
39-3092 Costume Attendants 150 0.00% $13.61 $13.39 $27,850 3.6 %
39-3093 Locker Room, Coatroom, and Dressing Room Attendants 310 0.00% $11.14 $11.84 $24,630 3.7 %
39-5011 Barbers 170 0.00% $9.00 $9.88 $20,540 7.5 %
39-5012 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 3,220 0.03% $10.09 $11.15 $23,200 4.0 %
39-5092 Manicurists and Pedicurists 160 0.00% $8.85 $10.10 $21,010 7.4 %
39-5093 Shampooers 130 0.00% $9.85 $10.20 $21,220 4.2 %
39-5094 Skin Care Specialists 40 0.00% $12.07 $13.96 $29,040 4.1 %
39-6012 Concierges 50 0.00% $8.71 $9.01 $18,750 9.2 %
39-6021 Tour Guides and Escorts 550 0.00% $9.29 $9.51 $19,780 7.1 %
39-6022 Travel Guides (6) (6) $13.69 $13.29 $27,640 7.3 %
39-6032 Transportation Attendants, Except Flight Attendants and Baggage Porters 6,050 0.05% $7.04 $7.72 $16,050 1.9 %
39-9011 Child Care Workers 107,180 0.90% $9.03 $9.27 $19,280 1.5 %
39-9021 Personal and Home Care Aides 1,200 0.01% $8.17 $8.60 $17,890 5.0 %
39-9031 Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors 18,470 0.16% $9.03 $11.43 $23,770 4.7 %
39-9032 Recreation Workers 9,640 0.08% $8.49 $9.79 $20,360 2.9 %
39-9041 Residential Advisors 11,380 0.10% $11.34 $11.97 $24,890 2.1 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 35,390 0.30% $11.40 $14.21 $29,560 1.3 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 2,280 0.02% $16.41 $17.79 $37,000 1.1 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 460 0.00% $25.85 $27.49 $57,190 3.4 %
41-2011 Cashiers 14,350 0.12% $9.11 $9.61 $19,980 1.1 %
41-2012 Gaming Change Persons and Booth Cashiers (6) (6) $13.99 $14.30 $29,750 2.3 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 430 0.00% $7.95 $8.18 $17,010 2.8 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 4,730 0.04% $10.33 $11.18 $23,250 2.0 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents 250 0.00% $15.73 $20.11 $41,830 2.7 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 730 0.01% $29.07 $31.87 $66,280 7.7 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 550 0.00% $20.48 $24.06 $50,030 6.9 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters 110 0.00% $15.57 $15.71 $32,680 10.7 %
41-9012 Models 600 0.01% $11.16 $11.65 $24,240 2.3 %
41-9021 Real Estate Brokers (6) (6) $13.18 $14.86 $30,910 6.6 %
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents 40 0.00% $23.57 $22.59 $47,000 6.5 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers (6) (6) $30.60 $31.03 $64,550 10.0 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 1,990 0.02% $9.47 $11.39 $23,690 4.6 %
41-9091 Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers 40 0.00% $15.61 $17.56 $36,520 11.8 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 1,299,930 10.96% $12.65 $13.25 $27,550 0.5 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 58,350 0.49% $18.04 $19.38 $40,310 0.8 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 5,460 0.05% $10.87 $11.39 $23,690 1.0 %
43-2021 Telephone Operators 310 0.00% $11.62 $11.91 $24,760 2.2 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 3,380 0.03% $12.92 $13.14 $27,330 2.2 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 9,650 0.08% $13.50 $13.87 $28,850 1.4 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 80,000 0.67% $13.70 $14.14 $29,410 0.5 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 15,540 0.13% $15.08 $15.35 $31,920 0.8 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 1,990 0.02% $13.33 $13.74 $28,580 1.6 %
43-3071 Tellers 120 0.00% $11.10 $11.35 $23,610 2.0 %
43-4021 Correspondence Clerks 290 0.00% $13.03 $14.20 $29,540 5.7 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 80 0.00% $11.92 $12.83 $26,700 10.9 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 7,670 0.06% $12.84 $13.32 $27,700 1.5 %
43-4061 Eligibility Interviewers, Government Programs 330 0.00% $11.30 $13.88 $28,880 9.1 %
43-4071 File Clerks 11,450 0.10% $10.14 $10.50 $21,840 1.5 %
43-4081 Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks 60 0.00% $9.87 $10.07 $20,950 2.3 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan 6,890 0.06% $12.72 $13.34 $27,750 1.3 %
43-4121 Library Assistants, Clerical 40,400 0.34% $10.18 $10.60 $22,050 1.1 %
43-4131 Loan Interviewers and Clerks 1,700 0.01% $13.31 $13.55 $28,180 1.3 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 430 0.00% $11.99 $12.79 $26,600 3.1 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 13,790 0.12% $15.00 $15.34 $31,910 0.9 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 42,670 0.36% $10.47 $10.92 $22,710 0.7 %
43-4181 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks 40 0.00% $11.61 $11.88 $24,710 4.5 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 1,480 0.01% $11.42 $11.63 $24,180 1.3 %
43-5031 Police, Fire, and Ambulance Dispatchers 1,170 0.01% $12.19 $12.45 $25,900 1.1 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 1,880 0.02% $13.88 $14.27 $29,690 1.5 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 2,130 0.02% $15.54 $16.21 $33,720 1.7 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 2,120 0.02% $10.94 $11.69 $24,310 2.2 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 10,280 0.09% $12.91 $13.27 $27,590 1.4 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 130 0.00% $12.26 $13.54 $28,170 7.1 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 164,090 1.38% $15.96 $16.68 $34,690 0.5 %
43-6012 Legal Secretaries 190 0.00% $18.13 $18.44 $38,350 2.1 %
43-6013 Medical Secretaries 1,960 0.02% $13.97 $14.54 $30,240 2.7 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 354,450 2.99% $12.45 $12.85 $26,730 1.3 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 9,700 0.08% $13.75 $14.15 $29,440 1.0 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 14,640 0.12% $11.54 $11.92 $24,790 1.1 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 24,870 0.21% $12.38 $12.57 $26,140 2.8 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 620 0.01% $15.06 $15.21 $31,630 1.3 %
43-9041 Insurance Claims and Policy Processing Clerks 170 0.00% $13.13 $13.14 $27,330 3.1 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 6,560 0.06% $10.99 $11.43 $23,780 0.7 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 298,050 2.51% $10.78 $11.29 $23,480 1.4 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 3,580 0.03% $12.06 $12.55 $26,100 1.7 %
43-9081 Proofreaders and Copy Markers 390 0.00% $8.02 $8.76 $18,230 4.7 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants 700 0.01% $13.67 $13.97 $29,060 2.0 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 5,890 0.05% $10.30 $11.70 $24,340 2.5 %
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers 710 0.01% $18.20 $19.05 $39,630 2.3 %
45-2011 Agricultural Inspectors 80 0.00% $19.44 $20.00 $41,600 8.4 %
45-2021 Animal Breeders 40 0.00% $14.01 $14.42 $30,000 5.0 %
45-2091 Agricultural Equipment Operators 140 0.00% $13.58 $13.00 $27,040 3.5 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 1,620 0.01% $10.25 $10.59 $22,030 2.0 %
45-2093 Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals 950 0.01% $10.17 $10.62 $22,080 2.9 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 51,660 0.44% $17.58 $18.51 $38,490 1.7 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 3,780 0.03% $22.84 $23.94 $49,790 2.0 %
47-2011 Boilermakers 160 0.00% $15.27 $16.44 $34,190 4.3 %
47-2021 Brickmasons and Blockmasons 430 0.00% $18.21 $18.83 $39,170 1.9 %
47-2031 Carpenters 14,250 0.12% $16.38 $17.01 $35,390 2.1 %
47-2041 Carpet Installers 120 0.00% $16.97 $17.05 $35,470 3.0 %
47-2042 Floor Layers, Except Carpet, Wood, and Hard Tiles 90 0.00% $15.64 $16.63 $34,600 5.7 %
47-2044 Tile and Marble Setters 40 0.00% $18.51 $18.33 $38,130 2.4 %
47-2051 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers 190 0.00% $13.65 $15.24 $31,700 4.8 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 1,520 0.01% $13.32 $14.27 $29,690 2.4 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 780 0.01% $13.34 $14.25 $29,640 2.5 %
47-2081 Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers 80 0.00% $15.68 $15.39 $32,020 2.4 %
47-2111 Electricians 9,970 0.08% $18.63 $19.83 $41,250 2.3 %
47-2121 Glaziers 200 0.00% $22.43 $21.89 $45,520 3.0 %
47-2130 Insulation Workers 160 0.00% $15.11 $16.76 $34,860 6.9 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 7,220 0.06% $16.66 $17.46 $36,310 2.2 %
47-2142 Paperhangers 40 0.00% $17.05 $17.77 $36,960 5.1 %
47-2151 Pipelayers 50 0.00% $17.87 $18.22 $37,890 2.9 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 6,690 0.06% $18.74 $19.97 $41,540 2.3 %
47-2161 Plasterers and Stucco Masons 220 0.00% $19.26 $19.46 $40,490 2.9 %
47-2181 Roofers 580 0.00% $18.28 $18.35 $38,170 1.9 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 520 0.00% $21.04 $21.00 $43,680 2.1 %
47-2221 Structural Iron and Steel Workers (6) (6) $9.92 $11.55 $24,030 6.5 %
47-3012 Helpers—Carpenters 120 0.00% $12.44 $12.36 $25,710 3.5 %
47-3013 Helpers—Electricians 180 0.00% $13.99 $16.33 $33,970 5.5 %
47-3014 Helpers—Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons 80 0.00% $12.59 $12.41 $25,810 4.0 %
47-3015 Helpers—Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 130 0.00% $23.47 $20.00 $41,590 6.5 %
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors 880 0.01% $22.08 $22.74 $47,290 1.5 %
47-4021 Elevator Installers and Repairers 140 0.00% $23.16 $22.13 $46,030 3.6 %
47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 320 0.00% $18.72 $19.23 $40,010 1.9 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 151,640 1.28% $15.44 $15.93 $33,130 0.6 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 12,650 0.11% $21.19 $21.90 $45,550 0.8 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 3,180 0.03% $16.26 $16.50 $34,310 0.9 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 1,020 0.01% $18.37 $18.40 $38,270 1.2 %
49-2091 Avionics Technicians 50 0.00% $20.59 $20.19 $41,990 4.6 %
49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers 100 0.00% $16.52 $17.46 $36,320 4.4 %
49-2093 Electrical and Electronics Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment 80 0.00% $20.80 $20.51 $42,660 2.4 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 1,410 0.01% $20.03 $19.65 $40,870 1.4 %
49-2095 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Powerhouse, Substation, and Relay 60 0.00% $15.36 $16.84 $35,020 6.0 %
49-2096 Electronic Equipment Installers and Repairers, Motor Vehicles 60 0.00% $16.20 $16.98 $35,310 4.6 %
49-2097 Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Installers and Repairers (6) (6) $23.01 $21.26 $44,220 3.2 %
49-2098 Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers 180 0.00% $15.61 $16.35 $34,010 2.6 %
49-3011 Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians 850 0.01% $20.40 $20.43 $42,490 4.1 %
49-3021 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 130 0.00% $15.52 $16.46 $34,230 2.3 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 3,110 0.03% $16.25 $16.83 $35,010 1.1 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 15,330 0.13% $15.35 $15.65 $32,560 0.7 %
49-3041 Farm Equipment Mechanics 130 0.00% $14.05 $14.09 $29,320 3.4 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 210 0.00% $14.20 $15.17 $31,560 4.5 %
49-3053 Outdoor Power Equipment and Other Small Engine Mechanics 130 0.00% $14.93 $15.13 $31,480 2.4 %
49-3093 Tire Repairers and Changers 40 0.00% $13.17 $13.60 $28,300 2.2 %
49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door 100 0.00% $21.72 $25.03 $52,050 4.2 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 11,460 0.10% $17.57 $17.96 $37,350 0.7 %
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers 120 0.00% $24.46 $23.40 $48,680 12.8 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 2,250 0.02% $13.70 $16.25 $33,800 4.3 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 87,350 0.74% $14.21 $14.63 $30,430 0.8 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 1,240 0.01% $15.09 $15.88 $33,030 2.5 %
49-9044 Millwrights 30 0.00% $20.16 $20.49 $42,620 3.5 %
49-9051 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 40 0.00% $16.75 $17.10 $35,570 1.9 %
49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers 210 0.00% $16.44 $17.29 $35,970 1.7 %
49-9061 Camera and Photographic Equipment Repairers 60 0.00% $10.44 $11.02 $22,920 4.3 %
49-9062 Medical Equipment Repairers 260 0.00% $17.68 $17.61 $36,620 3.0 %
49-9063 Musical Instrument Repairers and Tuners 180 0.00% $19.29 $18.19 $37,830 4.2 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers 50 0.00% $12.67 $13.02 $27,080 2.0 %
49-9094 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers 1,350 0.01% $17.60 $17.69 $36,800 1.8 %
49-9098 Helpers—Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 3,350 0.03% $11.51 $11.89 $24,720 2.2 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 22,540 0.19% $15.70 $16.55 $34,420 1.9 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 3,970 0.03% $18.08 $19.59 $40,750 2.6 %
51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 60 0.00% $14.18 $14.43 $30,020 3.7 %
51-3011 Bakers 670 0.01% $12.55 $12.50 $25,990 1.4 %
51-3021 Butchers and Meat Cutters 30 0.00% $14.60 $14.97 $31,130 2.8 %
51-4041 Machinists 880 0.01% $19.33 $19.30 $40,140 1.5 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 450 0.00% $17.54 $18.95 $39,410 2.0 %
51-5011 Bindery Workers 370 0.00% $12.08 $12.63 $26,270 1.4 %
51-5012 Bookbinders 60 0.00% $13.83 $13.64 $28,370 4.6 %
51-5021 Job Printers 870 0.01% $13.32 $13.83 $28,760 2.4 %
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers 550 0.00% $14.53 $14.90 $30,990 1.1 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 2,630 0.02% $14.35 $14.50 $30,170 0.8 %
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 620 0.01% $8.80 $9.41 $19,570 3.7 %
51-6051 Sewers, Hand 30 0.00% $8.49 $8.69 $18,080 3.0 %
51-6052 Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers 50 0.00% $8.76 $9.36 $19,470 4.5 %
51-6093 Upholsterers 70 0.00% $15.83 $15.77 $32,810 1.9 %
51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 210 0.00% $14.29 $14.73 $30,640 1.5 %
51-7021 Furniture Finishers 50 0.00% $12.29 $13.14 $27,330 2.4 %
51-8013 Power Plant Operators 720 0.01% $17.06 $16.94 $35,230 1.8 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 5,250 0.04% $19.46 $20.19 $42,000 3.0 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 360 0.00% $14.60 $15.44 $32,110 1.9 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 210 0.00% $20.76 $20.20 $42,020 3.9 %
51-9081 Dental Laboratory Technicians 290 0.00% $15.05 $15.92 $33,110 6.3 %
51-9082 Medical Appliance Technicians 40 0.00% $19.15 $19.25 $40,040 2.0 %
51-9083 Ophthalmic Laboratory Technicians 100 0.00% $15.90 $15.52 $32,280 5.7 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 40 0.00% $10.64 $12.58 $26,170 8.1 %
51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers 40 0.00% $13.61 $14.71 $30,600 3.8 %
51-9131 Photographic Process Workers 120 0.00% $14.11 $14.19 $29,520 2.0 %
51-9193 Cooling and Freezing Equipment Operators and Tenders 40 0.00% $14.09 $13.50 $28,090 8.2 %
51-9195 Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic 40 0.00% $23.82 $19.94 $41,470 2.2 %
51-9198 Helpers—Production Workers 250 0.00% $13.25 $12.62 $26,240 3.9 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 319,350 2.69% $10.73 $11.22 $23,330 0.7 %
53-1011 Aircraft Cargo Handling Supervisors 40 0.00% $14.17 $15.30 $31,820 5.2 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 1,600 0.01% $18.64 $18.84 $39,180 1.5 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 5,580 0.05% $18.81 $19.47 $40,500 1.9 %
53-2011 Airline Pilots, Copilots, and Flight Engineers 370 0.00% (4) (4) $63,000 16.8 %
53-2012 Commercial Pilots 1,370 0.01% (4) (4) $40,750 3.3 %
53-2022 Airfield Operations Specialists 160 0.00% $12.23 $13.59 $28,270 7.8 %
53-3021 Bus Drivers, Transit and Intercity 1,660 0.01% $11.01 $10.94 $22,760 7.6 %
53-3022 Bus Drivers, School 279,600 2.36% $10.46 $10.87 $22,610 0.8 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 140 0.00% $10.40 $13.02 $27,070 6.0 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 1,190 0.01% $12.13 $12.74 $26,490 5.8 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light Or Delivery Services 4,030 0.03% $13.00 $13.15 $27,340 1.1 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 890 0.01% $10.36 $10.79 $22,430 2.4 %
53-5011 Sailors and Marine Oilers 90 0.00% $11.89 $13.02 $27,070 4.1 %
53-5021 Captains, Mates, and Pilots of Water Vessels 300 0.00% $16.49 $17.19 $35,760 5.2 %
53-6021 Parking Lot Attendants 860 0.01% $8.83 $9.33 $19,400 4.7 %
53-6031 Service Station Attendants 100 0.00% $9.08 $10.02 $20,830 2.4 %
53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators 50 0.00% $21.96 $20.28 $42,190 11.3 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 480 0.00% $14.60 $14.63 $30,430 2.1 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 130 0.00% $10.09 $10.54 $21,910 3.6 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 15,090 0.13% $11.16 $11.52 $23,970 2.0 %
53-7081 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 200 0.00% $13.92 $13.70 $28,500 2.1 %

About May 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) = Hourly wage rates for occupations where workers typically work fewer than 2,080 hours per year are not available.

(6) =Estimates not released.



Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2003 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2003 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2003 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Technical notes

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Last Modified Date: May 7, 2004

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