Occupational Employment Statistics

May 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 454300 - Direct Selling Establishments

These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in NAICS 454300 - Direct Selling Establishments.

These and other data elements, including the 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages are available in the downloadable Excel files (XLS).

NAICS Industry 454300 - Direct Selling Establishments is part of: NAICS 454000 - Nonstore Retailers.

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in in NAICS 454300 - Direct Selling Establishments:

NAICS 454300 - Direct Selling Establishments

Click on the SOC code number to view an occupational profile.

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 158,080 100.00% $13.06 $15.15 $31,510 0.7 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 7,860 4.97% $29.03 $36.08 $75,040 1.6 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 330 0.21% $58.85 $65.96 $137,200 3.6 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 5,810 3.68% $28.17 $35.19 $73,200 1.9 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers (6) (6) $21.89 $25.40 $52,830 4.5 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 90 0.06% $38.88 $42.13 $87,630 7.6 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 440 0.28% $30.48 $37.13 $77,230 3.9 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 200 0.13% $23.98 $25.98 $54,040 4.8 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers (6) (6) $41.37 $39.14 $81,420 5.0 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 270 0.17% $33.07 $37.09 $77,150 3.5 %
11-3040 Human Resources Managers (6) (6) $29.14 $30.76 $63,970 3.5 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 80 0.05% $24.26 $26.64 $55,420 5.3 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 140 0.09% $28.44 $34.16 $71,040 4.1 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 1,400 0.89% $21.88 $23.84 $49,590 1.9 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 250 0.16% $20.18 $21.64 $45,020 3.4 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products (6) (6) $20.48 $20.76 $43,190 3.3 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 60 0.04% $23.95 $24.31 $50,560 5.0 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists (6) (6) $20.03 $20.01 $41,620 4.4 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists (6) (6) $14.94 $16.57 $34,460 4.7 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 600 0.38% $23.72 $26.25 $54,610 2.7 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 30 0.02% $16.01 $18.53 $38,540 4.2 %
Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 550 0.35% $25.06 $25.72 $53,490 2.3 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers (6) (6) $28.16 $27.36 $56,910 3.6 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software (6) (6) $29.67 $31.43 $65,360 4.3 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists (6) (6) $20.88 $21.13 $43,950 4.2 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 40 0.03% $26.84 $28.99 $60,300 6.1 %
15-1061 Database Administrators (6) (6) $27.74 $29.41 $61,160 5.6 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators (6) (6) $23.50 $23.35 $48,560 3.1 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 70 0.04% $25.63 $26.85 $55,850 5.1 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 150 0.09% $16.49 $20.14 $41,880 10.1 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 50 0.03% $19.53 $22.39 $46,580 10.3 %
19-4041 Geological and Petroleum Technicians (6) (6) $12.76 $12.76 $26,550 3.3 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 30 0.02% $35.17 $39.89 $82,960 10.2 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 190 0.12% $15.97 $17.77 $36,970 6.8 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers (6) (6) $15.90 $17.50 $36,400 8.5 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 30 0.02% $10.16 $11.52 $23,960 9.4 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 690 0.44% $6.64 $7.29 $15,160 2.7 %
35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food (6) (6) $7.11 $7.67 $15,950 8.3 %
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order (6) (6) $6.73 $7.22 $15,020 4.5 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 160 0.10% $6.68 $7.23 $15,030 5.2 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food (6) (6) $6.66 $7.06 $14,690 3.3 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop (6) (6) $6.33 $6.23 $12,960 3.7 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses (6) (6) $6.54 $6.97 $14,490 7.6 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 710 0.45% $9.20 $10.09 $20,990 3.3 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers (6) (6) $16.27 $17.14 $35,650 11.0 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 470 0.30% $8.66 $9.07 $18,860 2.1 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 130 0.08% $8.79 $10.17 $21,150 5.8 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 35,100 22.20% $10.35 $13.18 $27,420 2.2 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 3,170 2.01% $16.01 $18.72 $38,950 3.1 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 780 0.49% $22.51 $27.01 $56,180 4.7 %
41-2011 Cashiers 5,010 3.17% $7.45 $7.71 $16,030 1.2 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 250 0.16% $10.07 $10.23 $21,290 4.7 %
41-2022 Parts Salespersons 80 0.05% $14.09 $14.69 $30,550 5.4 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 6,180 3.91% $10.92 $12.49 $25,990 3.1 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents (6) (6) $22.62 $17.69 $36,790 23.4 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products (6) (6) $13.44 $19.10 $39,730 14.7 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 3,000 1.90% $19.20 $22.35 $46,480 3.1 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters 620 0.39% $10.12 $11.76 $24,470 5.9 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 13,290 8.41% $9.88 $11.06 $22,990 4.9 %
41-9091 Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers 1,580 1.00% $10.49 $12.49 $25,970 3.7 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 34,930 22.10% $11.46 $12.52 $26,040 0.9 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 2,900 1.83% $18.52 $20.00 $41,590 2.6 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 50 0.03% $9.72 $10.16 $21,140 5.4 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 1,070 0.68% $12.22 $12.84 $26,710 1.8 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 1,750 1.11% $12.43 $12.75 $26,520 1.0 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 4,430 2.80% $12.20 $12.93 $26,900 2.1 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 180 0.11% $14.19 $14.60 $30,360 2.8 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 220 0.14% $12.64 $13.01 $27,050 3.4 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 5,900 3.73% $11.32 $11.60 $24,120 1.5 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 1,300 0.82% $11.01 $11.56 $24,050 2.4 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping (6) (6) $14.56 $14.45 $30,070 2.5 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 780 0.49% $9.62 $9.97 $20,740 1.7 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 1,370 0.87% $15.32 $16.16 $33,620 1.2 %
43-5041 Meter Readers, Utilities 60 0.04% $15.80 $15.35 $31,930 2.6 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 110 0.07% $13.51 $15.21 $31,640 5.4 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 710 0.45% $10.72 $11.60 $24,120 3.0 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 840 0.53% $8.92 $9.52 $19,790 2.3 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 110 0.07% $7.00 $10.46 $21,760 7.4 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 980 0.62% $14.04 $14.81 $30,800 3.1 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 3,740 2.37% $10.30 $10.83 $22,530 2.0 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 260 0.16% $11.32 $13.50 $28,080 4.6 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 520 0.33% $10.54 $10.94 $22,760 5.1 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service (6) (6) $9.73 $10.17 $21,150 3.5 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 7,220 4.57% $10.22 $10.69 $22,240 1.5 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 170 0.11% $8.42 $8.74 $18,170 3.8 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 90 0.06% $8.46 $8.73 $18,150 3.5 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 970 0.61% $14.39 $16.52 $34,360 3.3 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 90 0.06% $27.84 $25.79 $53,650 7.5 %
47-2011 Boilermakers 80 0.05% $15.50 $15.07 $31,340 8.7 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 60 0.04% $8.96 $9.56 $19,880 3.7 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 580 0.37% $14.52 $16.75 $34,830 3.5 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 60 0.04% $12.14 $12.98 $26,990 13.0 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 22,620 14.31% $16.01 $16.54 $34,400 0.7 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 1,920 1.21% $20.76 $22.26 $46,290 2.0 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 470 0.30% $14.43 $14.73 $30,650 3.0 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 1,000 0.63% $16.83 $17.67 $36,740 2.0 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines (6) (6) $16.39 $16.08 $33,450 3.6 %
49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door 900 0.57% $12.82 $13.29 $27,650 2.2 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 11,450 7.24% $17.27 $17.45 $36,290 0.9 %
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers 620 0.39% $12.96 $13.17 $27,400 2.7 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 70 0.04% $14.00 $14.22 $29,580 2.4 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 2,700 1.71% $14.71 $14.76 $30,690 1.8 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery (6) (6) $14.52 $13.15 $27,340 13.4 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers 110 0.07% $15.51 $15.38 $31,980 6.2 %
49-9098 Helpers—Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 1,180 0.75% $10.30 $11.05 $22,980 2.7 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 1,540 0.97% $9.94 $11.29 $23,480 3.2 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers (6) (6) $17.67 $19.59 $40,740 5.0 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers (6) (6) $8.29 $9.17 $19,080 9.9 %
51-3011 Bakers (6) (6) $7.97 $8.01 $16,650 3.1 %
51-3021 Butchers and Meat Cutters 160 0.10% $11.42 $12.04 $25,040 8.6 %
51-3022 Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers 30 0.02% $9.71 $9.83 $20,450 5.1 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 70 0.04% $11.71 $13.19 $27,430 7.1 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 440 0.28% $10.18 $10.48 $21,800 2.8 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 51,040 32.29% $13.60 $14.35 $29,840 0.7 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 340 0.22% $17.89 $18.81 $39,120 2.9 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 3,170 2.01% $19.95 $21.54 $44,800 2.4 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 10,520 6.65% $13.08 $13.71 $28,520 1.9 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 21,210 13.42% $15.15 $15.62 $32,490 1.1 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light Or Delivery Services 10,060 6.36% $12.21 $12.50 $26,000 1.2 %
53-6031 Service Station Attendants 1,090 0.69% $8.04 $8.58 $17,850 1.9 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 340 0.22% $11.53 $12.53 $26,060 3.5 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 110 0.07% $7.32 $8.30 $17,260 8.0 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 3,300 2.09% $9.55 $9.80 $20,380 1.3 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 530 0.34% $8.41 $8.99 $18,700 3.0 %
53-7071 Gas Compressor and Gas Pumping Station Operators (6) (6) $10.72 $10.90 $22,680 2.9 %
53-7072 Pump Operators, Except Wellhead Pumpers 100 0.06% $10.57 $10.13 $21,070 10.0 %
53-7121 Tank Car, Truck, and Ship Loaders (6) (6) $15.12 $13.32 $27,700 15.9 %

About May 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(6) =Estimates not released.



Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2003 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2003 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2003 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Technical notes

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Last Modified Date: May 7, 2004

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