Occupational Employment Statistics

May 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 541700 - Scientific Research and Development Services

These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in NAICS 541700 - Scientific Research and Development Services.

These and other data elements, including the 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages are available in the downloadable Excel files (XLS).

NAICS Industry 541700 - Scientific Research and Development Services is part of: NAICS 541000 - Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services.

NAICS 541700 - Scientific Research and Development Services consists of:

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in in NAICS 541700 - Scientific Research and Development Services:

NAICS 541700 - Scientific Research and Development Services

Click on the SOC code number to view an occupational profile.

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 537,240 100.00% $26.22 $30.65 $63,750 0.9 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 65,860 12.26% $49.10 $53.40 $111,070 1.0 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 4,510 0.84% (5) $79.04 $164,410 2.4 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 12,830 2.39% $54.08 $59.16 $123,050 1.5 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 360 0.07% $38.90 $43.53 $90,550 5.0 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 3,730 0.69% $48.34 $51.23 $106,560 2.0 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 2,140 0.40% $52.67 $55.62 $115,700 2.9 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 1,370 0.26% $31.60 $38.40 $79,880 4.2 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 3,280 0.61% $30.81 $34.76 $72,310 3.1 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 5,260 0.98% $49.21 $51.23 $106,560 2.4 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 4,300 0.80% $45.61 $50.50 $105,030 3.5 %
11-3040 Human Resources Managers 3,430 0.64% $48.13 $47.34 $98,480 2.3 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 1,120 0.21% $48.94 $50.58 $105,220 2.3 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 1,330 0.25% $39.37 $41.75 $86,840 2.3 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 250 0.05% $42.98 $44.20 $91,930 2.5 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 150 0.03% $40.64 $42.27 $87,930 6.0 %
11-9033 Education Administrators, Postsecondary 40 0.01% $35.34 $44.73 $93,050 10.7 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 7,050 1.31% $54.15 $57.31 $119,210 2.1 %
11-9051 Food Service Managers 40 0.01% $26.80 $26.71 $55,560 5.9 %
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 1,160 0.22% $37.66 $44.95 $93,500 4.1 %
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers 6,900 1.28% $50.40 $54.45 $113,250 2.8 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 40 0.01% $36.15 $41.87 $87,090 10.5 %
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers 320 0.06% $31.67 $41.12 $85,520 11.5 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 45,530 8.47% $26.44 $29.70 $61,770 3.1 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 70 0.01% $33.99 $37.09 $77,150 6.6 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 3,150 0.59% $24.13 $24.82 $51,620 2.6 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 1,170 0.22% $29.06 $30.75 $63,960 2.7 %
13-1061 Emergency Management Specialists 150 0.03% $33.26 $33.52 $69,720 2.2 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 1,010 0.19% $24.95 $27.50 $57,200 3.1 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 730 0.14% $26.72 $27.83 $57,890 1.9 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 1,570 0.29% $26.84 $27.42 $57,030 5.2 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 6,660 1.24% $33.99 $38.23 $79,530 3.2 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 670 0.12% $21.38 $24.99 $51,970 6.0 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 5,960 1.11% $27.04 $28.95 $60,210 1.6 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 1,380 0.26% $32.56 $35.04 $72,880 3.0 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 70 0.01% $26.68 $26.72 $55,570 6.3 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 1,640 0.31% $28.55 $30.48 $63,410 2.1 %
13-2082 Tax Preparers 50 0.01% $21.14 $23.43 $48,730 13.4 %
Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 64,760 12.05% $34.44 $35.79 $74,450 1.7 %
15-1011 Computer and Information Scientists, Research 3,690 0.69% $42.60 $42.91 $89,250 2.2 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 5,470 1.02% $31.19 $32.77 $68,160 2.4 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 8,260 1.54% $35.99 $36.24 $75,390 1.5 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 14,310 2.66% $41.33 $43.18 $89,810 3.5 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 4,060 0.76% $21.05 $22.23 $46,240 2.0 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 5,630 1.05% $30.11 $32.56 $67,730 3.1 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 1,870 0.35% $30.81 $32.24 $67,060 2.5 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 3,620 0.67% $30.33 $31.38 $65,270 1.7 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 2,790 0.52% $29.32 $32.61 $67,830 4.3 %
15-2021 Mathematicians 440 0.08% $46.12 $46.29 $96,270 3.7 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 2,000 0.37% $32.84 $33.77 $70,240 3.9 %
15-2041 Statisticians 2,160 0.40% $30.48 $32.21 $66,990 2.1 %
15-2091 Mathematical Technicians 130 0.02% $22.46 $23.72 $49,340 3.4 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 78,020 14.52% $33.11 $34.24 $71,210 1.3 %
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval 70 0.01% $25.02 $26.94 $56,040 3.6 %
17-1021 Cartographers and Photogrammetrists 110 0.02% $25.88 $26.40 $54,900 5.1 %
17-1022 Surveyors 40 0.01% $23.70 $24.46 $50,880 9.5 %
17-2021 Agricultural Engineers 240 0.04% $39.83 $37.94 $78,920 2.4 %
17-2031 Biomedical Engineers 1,060 0.20% $34.43 $37.67 $78,340 4.6 %
17-2041 Chemical Engineers 3,950 0.74% $38.11 $40.03 $83,250 3.5 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 1,330 0.25% $33.15 $35.01 $72,810 5.8 %
17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers 3,060 0.57% $41.01 $42.76 $88,940 2.4 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 5,730 1.07% $37.22 $37.57 $78,150 2.1 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 4,720 0.88% $39.20 $39.45 $82,060 2.4 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 1,920 0.36% $29.77 $31.87 $66,290 7.9 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 990 0.18% $33.84 $35.24 $73,300 3.5 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 4,240 0.79% $35.06 $34.90 $72,580 1.3 %
17-2121 Marine Engineers and Naval Architects 30 0.01% $37.97 $36.08 $75,040 5.8 %
17-2131 Materials Engineers 1,490 0.28% $35.10 $36.66 $76,250 3.4 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 8,920 1.66% $33.72 $35.04 $72,890 2.2 %
17-2161 Nuclear Engineers 2,500 0.47% $43.36 $43.89 $91,290 1.5 %
17-2171 Petroleum Engineers (6) (6) $48.64 $45.68 $95,020 3.6 %
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters 300 0.06% $21.98 $22.78 $47,380 2.8 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 930 0.17% $22.71 $25.28 $52,590 10.1 %
17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians 310 0.06% $18.11 $18.83 $39,160 10.9 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 4,740 0.88% $22.12 $22.26 $46,300 1.6 %
17-3024 Electro-Mechanical Technicians 870 0.16% $24.71 $24.76 $51,510 2.3 %
17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technicians 900 0.17% $22.03 $21.71 $45,160 5.2 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 1,300 0.24% $18.66 $20.67 $42,990 4.4 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 3,180 0.59% $20.51 $21.35 $44,410 2.3 %
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 120 0.02% $15.53 $16.71 $34,750 9.2 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 111,170 20.69% $24.53 $28.50 $59,280 1.2 %
19-1010 Agricultural and Food Scientists 1,780 0.33% $27.61 $29.10 $60,520 3.4 %
19-1021 Biochemists and Biophysicists 5,780 1.08% $30.86 $32.08 $66,730 2.3 %
19-1022 Microbiologists 2,390 0.44% $26.25 $27.89 $58,010 2.6 %
19-1023 Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists 1,670 0.31% $20.21 $22.05 $45,850 5.6 %
19-1031 Conservation Scientists (6) (6) $25.68 $25.74 $53,530 3.6 %
19-1041 Epidemiologists 440 0.08% $36.61 $38.09 $79,240 4.7 %
19-1042 Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists 19,290 3.59% $29.70 $33.96 $70,630 3.0 %
19-2011 Astronomers 230 0.04% $30.33 $32.98 $68,590 3.9 %
19-2012 Physicists 4,460 0.83% $43.13 $45.02 $93,640 3.1 %
19-2021 Atmospheric and Space Scientists 980 0.18% $33.86 $35.24 $73,300 4.3 %
19-2031 Chemists 13,400 2.49% $27.98 $30.69 $63,830 4.3 %
19-2032 Materials Scientists 1,590 0.30% $35.11 $37.16 $77,300 3.2 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 2,030 0.38% $27.01 $28.84 $59,990 3.5 %
19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers 500 0.09% $37.85 $37.91 $78,860 2.9 %
19-2043 Hydrologists 130 0.02% $28.64 $28.86 $60,020 4.7 %
19-3011 Economists 1,540 0.29% $47.25 $53.94 $112,190 7.9 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 3,540 0.66% $26.09 $30.34 $63,110 7.2 %
19-3022 Survey Researchers 1,560 0.29% $18.21 $20.10 $41,810 7.0 %
19-3031 Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists 620 0.12% $24.83 $25.98 $54,040 3.5 %
19-3032 Industrial-Organizational Psychologists 470 0.09% $32.86 $37.34 $77,670 2.7 %
19-3041 Sociologists 1,500 0.28% $33.36 $34.20 $71,140 2.4 %
19-3051 Urban and Regional Planners 50 0.01% $22.98 $25.46 $52,960 7.1 %
19-3091 Anthropologists and Archeologists 1,650 0.31% $15.86 $18.12 $37,690 5.3 %
19-3093 Historians 280 0.05% $17.35 $18.07 $37,590 6.0 %
19-3094 Political Scientists 510 0.09% $32.86 $38.28 $79,620 5.3 %
19-4011 Agricultural and Food Science Technicians 1,710 0.32% $14.37 $15.35 $31,920 3.1 %
19-4021 Biological Technicians 14,250 2.65% $17.03 $18.01 $37,470 1.1 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 6,430 1.20% $19.02 $19.78 $41,130 2.9 %
19-4041 Geological and Petroleum Technicians 480 0.09% $20.58 $19.64 $40,850 5.1 %
19-4051 Nuclear Technicians 640 0.12% $26.03 $28.12 $58,490 4.3 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health 580 0.11% $18.67 $19.27 $40,070 3.9 %
19-4093 Forest and Conservation Technicians (6) (6) $12.43 $13.03 $27,110 7.0 %
Community and Social Services Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 3,810 0.71% $17.81 $19.21 $39,950 4.8 %
21-1011 Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors (6) (6) $15.46 $16.00 $33,280 3.1 %
21-1012 Educational, Vocational, and School Counselors 70 0.01% $16.89 $22.25 $46,280 7.7 %
21-1014 Mental Health Counselors (6) (6) $19.46 $18.76 $39,020 7.5 %
21-1015 Rehabilitation Counselors (6) (6) $16.72 $16.38 $34,080 5.3 %
21-1022 Medical and Public Health Social Workers 940 0.17% $16.69 $16.88 $35,100 9.2 %
21-1091 Health Educators 1,160 0.22% $23.79 $25.10 $52,200 3.2 %
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants 70 0.01% $12.62 $13.27 $27,590 4.3 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 1,750 0.33% $45.00 $52.43 $109,050 2.7 %
23-1011 Lawyers 1,290 0.24% $57.41 $63.02 $131,070 3.1 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 250 0.05% $21.43 $22.03 $45,820 2.4 %
23-2092 Law Clerks 60 0.01% $15.72 $16.89 $35,120 7.8 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 8,650 1.61% $23.24 $29.64 $61,650 8.2 %
25-1032 Engineering Teachers, Postsecondary (6) (6) (4) (4) $82,600 6.1 %
25-1042 Biological Science Teachers, Postsecondary 230 0.04% (4) (4) $85,030 7.3 %
25-1191 Graduate Teaching Assistants 450 0.08% (4) (4) $26,480 8.0 %
25-3011 Adult Literacy, Remedial Education, and Ged Teachers and Instructors 430 0.08% $13.43 $15.12 $31,460 8.2 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 100 0.02% $13.55 $18.34 $38,150 8.0 %
25-4010 Archivists, Curators, and Museum Technicians 280 0.05% $19.14 $21.30 $44,300 7.9 %
25-4021 Librarians 690 0.13% $22.54 $23.18 $48,210 1.5 %
25-4031 Library Technicians 150 0.03% $17.44 $16.93 $35,220 3.1 %
25-9021 Farm and Home Management Advisors (6) (6) $20.24 $21.78 $45,300 10.2 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 1,910 0.36% $24.15 $26.49 $55,100 2.6 %
25-9041 Teacher Assistants 30 0.01% (4) (4) $22,430 6.0 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 10,120 1.88% $23.52 $25.16 $52,340 2.8 %
27-1011 Art Directors 50 0.01% $44.43 $43.22 $89,890 2.4 %
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators 70 0.01% $19.84 $21.64 $45,000 4.9 %
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators 200 0.04% $21.28 $21.72 $45,190 2.5 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 760 0.14% $29.87 $28.70 $59,700 3.5 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 1,400 0.26% $21.56 $22.74 $47,300 1.8 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 2,360 0.44% $22.30 $24.59 $51,160 2.6 %
27-3041 Editors 1,500 0.28% $21.61 $23.93 $49,770 3.9 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 1,500 0.28% $25.46 $26.75 $55,640 2.1 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 540 0.10% $22.97 $25.98 $54,040 4.7 %
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators 60 0.01% $18.40 $18.24 $37,930 5.2 %
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians 60 0.01% $19.48 $20.42 $42,480 3.5 %
27-4021 Photographers 110 0.02% $19.55 $20.17 $41,950 4.4 %
Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 12,210 2.27% $21.70 $24.31 $50,570 3.0 %
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists 120 0.02% $24.60 $23.88 $49,670 3.3 %
29-1062 Family and General Practitioners (6) (6) $53.64 $54.58 $113,540 3.4 %
29-1066 Psychiatrists 150 0.03% $51.15 $53.96 $112,240 9.6 %
29-1071 Physician Assistants 140 0.03% $34.20 $35.53 $73,900 2.3 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 3,610 0.67% $25.22 $26.31 $54,720 3.0 %
29-1121 Audiologists (6) (6) $23.96 $25.83 $53,730 1.5 %
29-1123 Physical Therapists 30 0.01% $26.26 $26.91 $55,970 3.1 %
29-1124 Radiation Therapists 40 0.01% $25.09 $27.01 $56,170 4.9 %
29-1131 Veterinarians 150 0.03% $42.29 $41.54 $86,400 12.5 %
29-2011 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 1,390 0.26% $24.15 $24.36 $50,680 3.3 %
29-2012 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 2,530 0.47% $15.30 $15.55 $32,330 2.3 %
29-2031 Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians (6) (6) $19.52 $19.07 $39,680 3.0 %
29-2034 Radiologic Technologists and Technicians 150 0.03% $23.47 $22.45 $46,690 5.2 %
29-2056 Veterinary Technologists and Technicians 170 0.03% $13.67 $14.37 $29,900 5.8 %
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses 150 0.03% $18.63 $19.20 $39,930 2.6 %
29-2071 Medical Records and Health Information Technicians 490 0.09% $21.06 $22.22 $46,220 11.1 %
29-9010 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists and Technicians 620 0.12% $25.21 $26.64 $55,420 3.7 %
Healthcare Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 3,180 0.59% $12.21 $12.70 $26,420 1.9 %
31-1012 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 300 0.06% $13.22 $13.29 $27,640 3.8 %
31-9091 Dental Assistants 30 0.01% $14.76 $16.39 $34,090 8.4 %
31-9092 Medical Assistants 480 0.09% $13.71 $14.52 $30,200 3.4 %
31-9093 Medical Equipment Preparers 400 0.07% $10.81 $11.33 $23,560 2.3 %
31-9096 Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers 1,690 0.31% $11.44 $12.25 $25,470 2.7 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 2,290 0.43% $18.95 $19.39 $40,340 1.8 %
33-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Fire Fighting and Prevention Workers 40 0.01% $25.70 $25.40 $52,830 5.2 %
33-2011 Fire Fighters 160 0.03% $18.02 $18.04 $37,520 7.1 %
33-2021 Fire Inspectors and Investigators 60 0.01% $20.34 $21.41 $44,530 4.3 %
33-9032 Security Guards 1,370 0.26% $16.29 $16.49 $34,290 2.6 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 660 0.12% $10.48 $10.94 $22,750 2.6 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 80 0.01% $11.52 $11.28 $23,460 4.5 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 40 0.01% $9.35 $11.00 $22,890 12.5 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 80 0.01% $10.09 $10.06 $20,920 6.4 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 60 0.01% $8.08 $9.46 $19,680 9.5 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 3,130 0.58% $11.27 $12.46 $25,930 2.4 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 50 0.01% $19.89 $21.39 $44,490 7.4 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 2,160 0.40% $11.44 $12.38 $25,740 2.7 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 440 0.08% $7.27 $8.62 $17,920 4.0 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 250 0.05% $12.71 $12.92 $26,870 4.1 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 1,320 0.25% $8.72 $9.92 $20,640 5.2 %
39-2021 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers 390 0.07% $8.63 $9.73 $20,250 8.1 %
39-6021 Tour Guides and Escorts 40 0.01% $11.16 $12.22 $25,420 12.0 %
39-9011 Child Care Workers 40 0.01% $13.29 $13.28 $27,620 2.4 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 10,640 1.98% $29.94 $31.09 $64,660 3.2 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 70 0.01% $20.17 $20.84 $43,350 6.1 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 480 0.09% $39.17 $41.58 $86,490 4.7 %
41-2011 Cashiers 90 0.02% $12.18 $11.79 $24,530 5.0 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons (6) (6) $16.43 $17.12 $35,620 11.2 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 4,890 0.91% $34.29 $36.71 $76,360 1.9 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 850 0.16% $19.24 $24.12 $50,160 6.3 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters (6) (6) $39.16 $37.35 $77,690 6.7 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers 600 0.11% $38.12 $40.64 $84,520 3.4 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 1,180 0.22% $7.83 $8.96 $18,640 5.4 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 81,230 15.12% $15.60 $16.44 $34,190 0.9 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 4,750 0.88% $23.19 $24.61 $51,190 1.2 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 340 0.06% $13.02 $13.36 $27,800 2.2 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 1,480 0.28% $16.49 $16.97 $35,290 2.7 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 530 0.10% $16.81 $16.95 $35,260 2.6 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 4,570 0.85% $16.17 $16.39 $34,090 1.0 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 580 0.11% $17.96 $17.76 $36,930 1.4 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 480 0.09% $17.76 $18.64 $38,770 2.3 %
43-4021 Correspondence Clerks 130 0.02% $15.23 $15.70 $32,650 4.9 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 30 0.01% $16.71 $18.89 $39,300 6.4 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 2,020 0.38% $18.15 $19.47 $40,490 2.9 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan 7,800 1.45% $9.57 $9.98 $20,750 2.0 %
43-4121 Library Assistants, Clerical 120 0.02% $15.92 $15.51 $32,270 4.0 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 630 0.12% $15.20 $16.01 $33,290 3.5 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 1,200 0.22% $17.71 $18.33 $38,120 1.2 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 2,960 0.55% $12.31 $12.68 $26,370 1.6 %
43-4181 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks 80 0.01% $18.10 $17.44 $36,280 2.8 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 160 0.03% $11.42 $12.50 $25,990 4.7 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 1,430 0.27% $19.13 $19.81 $41,200 1.9 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 830 0.15% $14.19 $15.14 $31,500 2.1 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 670 0.12% $14.57 $15.29 $31,800 3.4 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 370 0.07% $10.30 $12.21 $25,410 4.6 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 18,130 3.37% $18.86 $19.65 $40,870 0.9 %
43-6012 Legal Secretaries 60 0.01% $23.22 $22.53 $46,860 2.7 %
43-6013 Medical Secretaries 330 0.06% $12.86 $12.89 $26,820 5.9 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 10,700 1.99% $15.58 $15.92 $33,120 1.4 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 860 0.16% $16.12 $16.97 $35,300 2.8 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 1,580 0.29% $12.10 $12.67 $26,360 2.3 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 1,500 0.28% $15.65 $16.08 $33,440 1.7 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 120 0.02% $17.21 $18.40 $38,260 2.6 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 520 0.10% $11.56 $12.00 $24,960 2.0 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 10,850 2.02% $12.86 $13.55 $28,180 1.6 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 250 0.05% $14.87 $16.39 $34,090 6.1 %
43-9081 Proofreaders and Copy Markers 160 0.03% $14.85 $15.16 $31,530 4.5 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants 770 0.14% $16.10 $16.59 $34,510 2.2 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 1,160 0.22% $10.34 $11.28 $23,450 4.2 %
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers 100 0.02% $19.16 $19.50 $40,570 6.1 %
45-2041 Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products (6) (6) $11.97 $11.70 $24,340 2.9 %
45-2091 Agricultural Equipment Operators (6) (6) $7.99 $7.98 $16,590 4.9 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 520 0.10% $9.57 $10.15 $21,110 4.6 %
45-2093 Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals (6) (6) $12.04 $12.52 $26,040 3.1 %
45-4011 Forest and Conservation Workers 40 0.01% $12.39 $14.33 $29,810 9.1 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 3,250 0.60% $22.44 $21.56 $44,840 3.1 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 200 0.04% $28.51 $28.92 $60,160 2.9 %
47-2031 Carpenters 320 0.06% $24.05 $22.91 $47,650 1.8 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 80 0.01% $15.69 $15.75 $32,750 4.7 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators (6) (6) $10.67 $13.63 $28,350 17.1 %
47-2111 Electricians 1,030 0.19% $23.47 $23.00 $47,830 2.5 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 190 0.04% $21.53 $20.63 $42,920 2.8 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 510 0.09% $22.16 $22.09 $45,940 1.6 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 150 0.03% $21.81 $21.67 $45,070 3.3 %
47-2221 Structural Iron and Steel Workers 40 0.01% $23.94 $22.68 $47,170 5.4 %
47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 330 0.06% $18.59 $17.40 $36,200 11.9 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 7,440 1.38% $21.13 $21.42 $44,560 1.8 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 490 0.09% $28.43 $29.72 $61,810 2.3 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 390 0.07% $20.36 $20.44 $42,520 1.7 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 60 0.01% $25.44 $26.12 $54,320 5.3 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 670 0.12% $23.07 $23.35 $48,570 2.5 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 310 0.06% $23.98 $24.00 $49,910 3.8 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 250 0.05% $24.00 $23.92 $49,750 1.8 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 290 0.05% $24.10 $23.46 $48,800 2.2 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 3,130 0.58% $18.56 $19.19 $39,910 2.0 %
49-9044 Millwrights 100 0.02% $24.67 $24.01 $49,930 2.5 %
49-9062 Medical Equipment Repairers 50 0.01% $19.49 $19.33 $40,210 3.3 %
49-9098 Helpers—Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 210 0.04% $9.38 $10.90 $22,670 8.6 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 16,830 3.13% $18.75 $19.32 $40,190 2.1 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 1,600 0.30% $26.17 $27.29 $56,770 2.9 %
51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 450 0.08% $14.51 $14.88 $30,940 3.5 %
51-2023 Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers (6) (6) $14.92 $15.47 $32,170 3.2 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 1,340 0.25% $11.80 $11.78 $24,490 4.9 %
51-3092 Food Batchmakers 50 0.01% $18.53 $18.28 $38,020 2.9 %
51-4011 Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic 180 0.03% $14.60 $16.65 $34,630 3.7 %
51-4012 Numerical Tool and Process Control Programmers 100 0.02% $21.86 $24.67 $51,310 6.2 %
51-4033 Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 150 0.03% $14.23 $13.90 $28,900 7.0 %
51-4041 Machinists 1,900 0.35% $22.38 $21.59 $44,900 2.5 %
51-4072 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 50 0.01% $14.88 $19.62 $40,810 13.3 %
51-4081 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (6) (6) $10.54 $11.16 $23,220 8.6 %
51-4111 Tool and Die Makers 450 0.08% $27.02 $27.22 $56,630 3.2 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 440 0.08% $18.68 $19.11 $39,750 4.3 %
51-5021 Job Printers 30 0.01% $15.36 $14.85 $30,890 6.9 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 130 0.02% $18.90 $19.48 $40,520 6.0 %
51-8011 Nuclear Power Reactor Operators 70 0.01% $27.07 $27.65 $57,510 4.7 %
51-8013 Power Plant Operators (6) (6) $26.21 $25.79 $53,650 4.8 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 600 0.11% $22.26 $23.05 $47,940 3.2 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 110 0.02% $15.49 $17.64 $36,680 5.3 %
51-8091 Chemical Plant and System Operators 150 0.03% $14.40 $16.25 $33,790 5.1 %
51-9011 Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders 1,080 0.20% $20.90 $22.29 $46,360 2.4 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 190 0.04% $13.33 $14.12 $29,360 6.9 %
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 40 0.01% $10.70 $10.87 $22,610 3.6 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 2,160 0.40% $17.65 $18.46 $38,390 2.6 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 130 0.02% $15.48 $14.87 $30,930 10.7 %
51-9131 Photographic Process Workers (6) (6) $16.92 $16.44 $34,190 3.6 %
51-9141 Semiconductor Processors 60 0.01% $14.91 $15.80 $32,850 5.4 %
51-9196 Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (6) (6) $14.68 $15.10 $31,410 7.5 %
51-9198 Helpers—Production Workers (6) (6) $10.55 $10.97 $22,810 3.4 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 4,230 0.79% $12.47 $14.79 $30,770 7.0 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 170 0.03% $19.44 $19.03 $39,580 7.5 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 40 0.01% $22.78 $23.69 $49,280 8.9 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 350 0.07% $23.52 $21.34 $44,380 4.6 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light Or Delivery Services 650 0.12% $8.71 $10.33 $21,480 5.2 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 70 0.01% $15.26 $16.09 $33,460 5.9 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 150 0.03% $9.83 $11.48 $23,880 8.9 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 60 0.01% $12.26 $13.40 $27,880 12.4 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 1,750 0.33% $9.81 $11.36 $23,640 5.8 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 80 0.01% $9.42 $10.73 $22,310 6.4 %

About May 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) = Hourly wage rates for occupations where workers typically work fewer than 2,080 hours per year are not available.

(5) = Median hourly wage is equal to or greater than $70.00 per hour.

(6) =Estimates not released.



Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2003 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2003 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2003 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Technical notes

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Last Modified Date: May 7, 2004

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