Occupational Employment Statistics

May 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 561300 - Employment Services

These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in NAICS 561300 - Employment Services.

These and other data elements, including the 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages are available in the downloadable Excel files (XLS).

NAICS Industry 561300 - Employment Services is part of: NAICS 561000 - Administrative and Support Services.

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in in NAICS 561300 - Employment Services:

NAICS 561300 - Employment Services

Click on the SOC code number to view an occupational profile.

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 3,298,700 100.00% $9.62 $12.40 $25,790 0.8 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 54,420 1.65% $29.63 $37.60 $78,220 2.3 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 4,290 0.13% $56.32 $62.98 $131,000 2.6 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 20,280 0.61% $32.58 $41.75 $86,850 4.0 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 230 0.01% $25.37 $31.51 $65,540 5.6 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 1,980 0.06% $28.72 $35.85 $74,570 3.3 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 5,810 0.18% $23.97 $29.88 $62,140 4.1 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 250 0.01% $24.62 $31.12 $64,720 6.7 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 5,070 0.15% $21.19 $24.33 $50,610 2.2 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 2,130 0.06% $36.99 $41.40 $86,120 3.3 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 2,670 0.08% $33.58 $40.31 $83,850 5.8 %
11-3040 Human Resources Managers 3,560 0.11% $24.82 $27.67 $57,550 5.5 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 330 0.01% $36.74 $39.81 $82,810 3.9 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 390 0.01% $23.75 $27.86 $57,950 3.0 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 230 0.01% $34.08 $34.82 $72,420 4.0 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 430 0.01% $34.63 $38.46 $80,000 7.9 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 400 0.01% $43.84 $47.38 $98,550 2.6 %
11-9051 Food Service Managers 80 0.00% $22.86 $23.63 $49,160 4.2 %
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 770 0.02% $29.14 $31.73 $66,000 3.6 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 800 0.02% $21.17 $23.84 $49,580 4.8 %
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers (6) (6) $23.15 $24.49 $50,940 3.7 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 87,430 2.65% $19.01 $22.68 $47,180 1.8 %
13-1011 Agents and Business Managers of Artists, Performers, and Athletes 990 0.03% $38.35 $33.27 $69,200 26.5 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 310 0.01% $12.53 $15.49 $32,210 4.1 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 1,530 0.05% $19.09 $20.85 $43,370 1.9 %
13-1031 Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 2,920 0.09% $25.72 $25.78 $53,620 2.2 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 810 0.02% $13.83 $23.30 $48,470 18.9 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 620 0.02% $22.38 $25.03 $52,070 4.8 %
13-1061 Emergency Management Specialists 60 0.00% $14.68 $18.10 $37,660 10.0 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 39,580 1.20% $16.96 $20.04 $41,680 1.3 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 2,160 0.07% $23.05 $24.91 $51,820 6.3 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 3,400 0.10% $18.74 $22.34 $46,460 2.8 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 3,320 0.10% $33.39 $41.72 $86,780 13.0 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 140 0.00% $19.45 $21.80 $45,340 3.8 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 9,050 0.27% $21.60 $25.15 $52,310 4.4 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 240 0.01% $23.60 $25.42 $52,880 2.3 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 970 0.03% $27.25 $26.45 $55,020 3.7 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 660 0.02% $30.42 $36.25 $75,390 5.4 %
13-2052 Personal Financial Advisors 40 0.00% $22.24 $25.56 $53,170 9.8 %
13-2053 Insurance Underwriters 200 0.01% $16.69 $16.68 $34,700 7.4 %
13-2071 Loan Counselors 120 0.00% $13.61 $15.28 $31,780 10.9 %
13-2072 Loan Officers 780 0.02% $21.43 $22.77 $47,370 2.7 %
13-2082 Tax Preparers 40 0.00% $18.41 $17.60 $36,610 9.6 %
Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 55,730 1.69% $26.17 $30.66 $63,760 1.9 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 12,260 0.37% $30.88 $33.61 $69,910 1.9 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 4,040 0.12% $41.83 $44.96 $93,520 2.3 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 3,800 0.12% $35.58 $42.13 $87,630 5.3 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 16,300 0.49% $17.75 $19.27 $40,080 2.1 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 6,490 0.20% $30.58 $33.48 $69,630 2.9 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 1,610 0.05% $30.94 $33.29 $69,240 3.3 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 2,820 0.09% $29.87 $34.06 $70,850 4.3 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 3,260 0.10% $31.26 $33.21 $69,070 3.3 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 90 0.00% $31.56 $34.22 $71,180 6.9 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 44,410 1.35% $24.19 $27.69 $57,590 1.9 %
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval 130 0.00% $25.95 $28.65 $59,580 3.1 %
17-1012 Landscape Architects 40 0.00% $16.02 $18.26 $37,990 10.9 %
17-1021 Cartographers and Photogrammetrists 50 0.00% $18.06 $19.84 $41,270 4.4 %
17-1022 Surveyors 220 0.01% $16.16 $17.94 $37,310 3.4 %
17-2011 Aerospace Engineers 1,460 0.04% $47.64 $44.99 $93,590 2.8 %
17-2031 Biomedical Engineers 30 0.00% $30.64 $30.71 $63,870 3.1 %
17-2041 Chemical Engineers 150 0.00% $25.44 $28.27 $58,800 6.4 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 940 0.03% $34.96 $36.64 $76,220 4.6 %
17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers 730 0.02% $33.41 $35.38 $73,600 3.0 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 1,990 0.06% $35.47 $35.06 $72,930 2.0 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 770 0.02% $34.67 $40.63 $84,510 4.0 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 110 0.00% $31.68 $32.94 $68,510 3.3 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 100 0.00% $22.67 $24.28 $50,510 4.0 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 2,180 0.07% $25.26 $27.08 $56,330 3.3 %
17-2131 Materials Engineers 100 0.00% $25.44 $28.49 $59,260 11.7 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 4,460 0.14% $34.42 $36.68 $76,300 3.1 %
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters 470 0.01% $19.76 $20.89 $43,460 2.6 %
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters 1,710 0.05% $17.16 $19.54 $40,630 3.2 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 2,870 0.09% $22.29 $24.01 $49,940 2.0 %
17-3021 Aerospace Engineering and Operations Technicians (6) (6) $21.13 $20.27 $42,160 3.3 %
17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians 120 0.00% $18.88 $19.56 $40,680 4.2 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 5,130 0.16% $17.23 $18.71 $38,910 6.2 %
17-3024 Electro-Mechanical Technicians 770 0.02% $16.92 $17.72 $36,850 5.6 %
17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technicians 50 0.00% $15.71 $16.57 $34,460 10.4 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 800 0.02% $14.26 $15.50 $32,230 7.3 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 2,040 0.06% $19.43 $20.30 $42,230 1.9 %
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 320 0.01% $16.79 $16.79 $34,930 3.3 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 26,900 0.82% $11.37 $14.46 $30,070 4.6 %
19-1021 Biochemists and Biophysicists 180 0.01% $41.45 $46.14 $95,970 14.5 %
19-1022 Microbiologists 40 0.00% $21.76 $21.78 $45,310 4.6 %
19-1042 Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists 170 0.01% $24.77 $29.52 $61,410 10.4 %
19-2031 Chemists 1,150 0.03% $21.18 $22.73 $47,290 2.1 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health (6) (6) $20.97 $22.66 $47,130 4.3 %
19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers 120 0.00% $22.53 $25.23 $52,480 7.2 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 720 0.02% $22.42 $24.04 $50,010 3.2 %
19-3022 Survey Researchers (6) (6) $10.21 $14.51 $30,190 5.2 %
19-4021 Biological Technicians 330 0.01% $15.70 $18.35 $38,170 7.2 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 810 0.02% $14.21 $15.21 $31,640 3.4 %
19-4041 Geological and Petroleum Technicians (6) (6) $13.93 $16.82 $34,990 8.0 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health (6) (6) $15.45 $15.00 $31,200 5.4 %
Community and Social Services Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 4,140 0.13% $11.69 $13.74 $28,580 5.0 %
21-1021 Child, Family, and School Social Workers 160 0.00% $15.25 $16.98 $35,320 8.1 %
21-1022 Medical and Public Health Social Workers 230 0.01% $19.61 $20.83 $43,330 6.1 %
21-1023 Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers 430 0.01% $10.89 $13.68 $28,460 14.5 %
21-1091 Health Educators 90 0.00% $19.63 $20.61 $42,860 12.4 %
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants (6) (6) $12.54 $13.69 $28,480 7.2 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations (6) (6) $23.89 $30.98 $64,430 7.3 %
23-1011 Lawyers (6) (6) $31.63 $35.42 $73,670 6.8 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants (6) (6) $19.71 $20.60 $42,840 2.1 %
23-2092 Law Clerks 60 0.00% $13.04 $13.20 $27,450 5.9 %
23-2093 Title Examiners, Abstractors, and Searchers (6) (6) $10.50 $11.59 $24,100 3.8 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 19,640 0.60% $14.50 $16.46 $34,230 3.6 %
25-1194 Vocational Education Teachers, Postsecondary 100 0.00% $14.82 $18.28 $38,030 13.2 %
25-2011 Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education 420 0.01% $9.43 $11.09 $23,070 6.2 %
25-2021 Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education 6,120 0.19% (4) (4) $39,560 5.0 %
25-2031 Secondary School Teachers, Except Special and Vocational Education (6) (6) (4) (4) $41,860 3.7 %
25-3011 Adult Literacy, Remedial Education, and Ged Teachers and Instructors 70 0.00% $16.06 $16.70 $34,730 4.8 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers (6) (6) $12.77 $12.89 $26,810 2.6 %
25-4021 Librarians 140 0.00% $19.10 $19.79 $41,160 4.3 %
25-4031 Library Technicians 90 0.00% $12.90 $12.90 $26,830 2.5 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators (6) (6) $18.38 $20.42 $42,460 5.5 %
25-9041 Teacher Assistants 920 0.03% (4) (4) $21,430 4.4 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 17,950 0.54% $20.41 $25.02 $52,050 7.6 %
27-1011 Art Directors 180 0.01% $27.69 $31.56 $65,650 5.5 %
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators 350 0.01% $24.90 $32.00 $66,570 11.1 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 1,440 0.04% $30.99 $31.02 $64,520 3.7 %
27-1023 Floral Designers 420 0.01% $10.12 $10.26 $21,330 2.2 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 3,240 0.10% $22.79 $23.21 $48,280 5.0 %
27-1025 Interior Designers 50 0.00% $18.97 $19.96 $41,510 3.3 %
27-1026 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 1,930 0.06% $10.88 $10.53 $21,910 4.4 %
27-1027 Set and Exhibit Designers 640 0.02% $15.73 $17.76 $36,930 6.0 %
27-2011 Actors 1,610 0.05% (4) (4) $45,800 20.9 %
27-3010 Announcers (6) (6) $9.48 $13.87 $28,860 15.3 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 1,040 0.03% $18.34 $19.87 $41,340 3.8 %
27-3041 Editors 990 0.03% $26.84 $33.78 $70,270 9.4 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 2,230 0.07% $29.61 $30.82 $64,100 2.3 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 250 0.01% $24.62 $23.55 $48,980 8.6 %
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators 200 0.01% $12.78 $14.22 $29,580 3.2 %
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians (6) (6) $13.85 $17.51 $36,420 9.2 %
27-4021 Photographers 330 0.01% $13.66 $12.44 $25,870 11.6 %
27-4031 Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Picture 290 0.01% $13.99 $13.43 $27,930 9.0 %
27-4032 Film and Video Editors (6) (6) $22.88 $23.67 $49,220 4.5 %
Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 136,370 4.13% $23.95 $25.43 $52,890 1.2 %
29-1020 Dentists 150 0.00% $52.20 $58.35 $121,370 8.7 %
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists 120 0.00% $17.10 $20.04 $41,690 4.9 %
29-1041 Optometrists 60 0.00% $38.93 $42.13 $87,630 8.1 %
29-1051 Pharmacists 1,410 0.04% $35.13 $36.66 $76,260 5.1 %
29-1062 Family and General Practitioners 170 0.01% $57.33 $65.23 $135,680 8.1 %
29-1071 Physician Assistants 360 0.01% $31.61 $30.58 $63,610 6.1 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 70,400 2.13% $27.50 $28.25 $58,770 2.0 %
29-1122 Occupational Therapists 1,130 0.03% $28.79 $28.52 $59,320 3.0 %
29-1123 Physical Therapists 1,540 0.05% $29.04 $30.03 $62,470 3.2 %
29-1126 Respiratory Therapists 450 0.01% $22.25 $23.33 $48,540 2.4 %
29-1127 Speech-Language Pathologists 220 0.01% $32.16 $33.32 $69,290 3.6 %
29-2011 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 550 0.02% $24.11 $25.51 $53,060 5.6 %
29-2012 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 2,030 0.06% $13.70 $14.57 $30,310 2.4 %
29-2021 Dental Hygienists 1,500 0.05% $31.74 $33.96 $70,640 6.6 %
29-2032 Diagnostic Medical Sonographers 250 0.01% $26.45 $26.50 $55,110 4.3 %
29-2034 Radiologic Technologists and Technicians 2,760 0.08% $23.40 $23.51 $48,890 2.0 %
29-2041 Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics 400 0.01% $9.28 $9.40 $19,550 3.1 %
29-2052 Pharmacy Technicians 430 0.01% $12.58 $12.51 $26,020 2.0 %
29-2053 Psychiatric Technicians 2,380 0.07% $10.42 $13.08 $27,200 2.5 %
29-2054 Respiratory Therapy Technicians 50 0.00% $16.68 $18.26 $37,980 9.0 %
29-2055 Surgical Technologists 600 0.02% $17.03 $17.64 $36,680 4.1 %
29-2056 Veterinary Technologists and Technicians 140 0.00% $11.96 $12.54 $26,080 5.4 %
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses 36,910 1.12% $19.82 $19.94 $41,480 1.0 %
29-2071 Medical Records and Health Information Technicians 1,310 0.04% $10.62 $11.66 $24,260 3.3 %
29-2081 Opticians, Dispensing 180 0.01% $12.35 $12.81 $26,650 3.0 %
29-9010 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists and Technicians 1,080 0.03% $24.17 $26.24 $54,580 3.5 %
Healthcare Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 84,320 2.56% $10.73 $11.18 $23,260 0.9 %
31-1011 Home Health Aides 21,630 0.66% $9.37 $9.82 $20,430 1.3 %
31-1012 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 52,970 1.61% $11.18 $11.31 $23,520 1.1 %
31-2011 Occupational Therapist Assistants (6) (6) $22.19 $24.04 $50,000 3.9 %
31-2021 Physical Therapist Assistants (6) (6) $19.15 $19.15 $39,830 2.4 %
31-2022 Physical Therapist Aides (6) (6) $11.86 $12.53 $26,050 7.0 %
31-9011 Massage Therapists 80 0.00% $14.67 $15.47 $32,170 6.1 %
31-9091 Dental Assistants 1,520 0.05% $15.45 $15.16 $31,540 2.0 %
31-9092 Medical Assistants 4,770 0.14% $11.56 $11.94 $24,830 1.6 %
31-9093 Medical Equipment Preparers 40 0.00% $11.32 $13.30 $27,660 10.9 %
31-9094 Medical Transcriptionists 180 0.01% $13.12 $13.33 $27,720 2.1 %
31-9095 Pharmacy Aides 60 0.00% $11.69 $11.09 $23,060 3.3 %
31-9096 Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers 210 0.01% $11.51 $12.05 $25,060 6.6 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 12,610 0.38% $9.53 $10.52 $21,890 3.4 %
33-9021 Private Detectives and Investigators 780 0.02% $10.73 $11.57 $24,070 4.5 %
33-9032 Security Guards 8,160 0.25% $9.25 $9.83 $20,440 2.3 %
33-9091 Crossing Guards 1,980 0.06% $8.48 $9.62 $20,020 7.9 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 68,090 2.06% $7.96 $8.65 $17,990 1.3 %
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 280 0.01% $17.73 $18.55 $38,580 3.4 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 1,610 0.05% $13.93 $14.76 $30,700 2.9 %
35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food (6) (6) $6.42 $8.28 $17,210 10.8 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 1,190 0.04% $8.57 $8.98 $18,680 6.9 %
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant 1,580 0.05% $9.47 $9.70 $20,180 1.5 %
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order 3,260 0.10% $9.34 $8.79 $18,280 3.4 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 7,970 0.24% $7.74 $7.94 $16,510 1.7 %
35-3011 Bartenders 2,190 0.07% $8.07 $9.20 $19,130 3.1 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 10,140 0.31% $7.98 $8.49 $17,660 3.2 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 1,490 0.05% $7.46 $7.62 $15,860 2.4 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses 14,160 0.43% $9.32 $9.33 $19,400 3.4 %
35-3041 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant 2,980 0.09% $8.00 $8.70 $18,090 3.9 %
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 12,890 0.39% $7.35 $7.91 $16,460 1.7 %
35-9021 Dishwashers 4,330 0.13% $7.14 $7.30 $15,180 1.0 %
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop 720 0.02% $7.43 $7.73 $16,080 1.2 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 95,770 2.90% $8.00 $8.61 $17,900 1.0 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 1,930 0.06% $12.24 $14.31 $29,760 4.6 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 1,270 0.04% $12.85 $14.51 $30,180 2.8 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 44,960 1.36% $7.85 $8.19 $17,030 1.0 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 14,290 0.43% $7.61 $7.96 $16,550 1.4 %
37-2021 Pest Control Workers 190 0.01% $10.57 $11.18 $23,260 7.2 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 29,660 0.90% $8.29 $8.89 $18,490 2.1 %
37-3012 Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation 170 0.01% $12.20 $12.22 $25,410 3.3 %
37-3013 Tree Trimmers and Pruners 80 0.00% $10.04 $10.34 $21,510 3.8 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 20,350 0.62% $7.80 $9.23 $19,210 3.7 %
39-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service Workers 410 0.01% $14.14 $15.09 $31,390 3.4 %
39-2021 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers 170 0.01% $8.22 $9.11 $18,960 4.4 %
39-3021 Motion Picture Projectionists (6) (6) $7.98 $9.40 $19,550 1.6 %
39-3031 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 5,930 0.18% $6.55 $6.77 $14,080 3.0 %
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 2,310 0.07% $6.87 $7.31 $15,210 2.2 %
39-5012 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 540 0.02% $9.40 $11.47 $23,860 5.8 %
39-5092 Manicurists and Pedicurists 50 0.00% $8.47 $9.48 $19,710 4.9 %
39-6011 Baggage Porters and Bellhops 1,050 0.03% $7.53 $7.91 $16,450 8.5 %
39-6012 Concierges 210 0.01% $9.34 $10.38 $21,600 3.3 %
39-6021 Tour Guides and Escorts 520 0.02% $10.18 $10.28 $21,390 4.5 %
39-6032 Transportation Attendants, Except Flight Attendants and Baggage Porters 260 0.01% $8.61 $9.07 $18,860 6.8 %
39-9011 Child Care Workers 1,060 0.03% $8.06 $8.31 $17,280 1.8 %
39-9021 Personal and Home Care Aides 3,730 0.11% $8.69 $9.04 $18,800 2.9 %
39-9031 Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors 1,690 0.05% $12.69 $16.36 $34,030 4.5 %
39-9032 Recreation Workers 360 0.01% $9.30 $9.59 $19,950 2.8 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 84,950 2.58% $9.96 $13.47 $28,030 3.8 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 2,640 0.08% $19.43 $23.54 $48,960 3.4 %
41-2011 Cashiers 22,370 0.68% $7.92 $8.01 $16,660 1.3 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 2,000 0.06% $9.17 $9.76 $20,300 2.9 %
41-2022 Parts Salespersons 260 0.01% $12.01 $13.28 $27,610 7.0 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 7,650 0.23% $9.68 $11.26 $23,410 3.7 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents 290 0.01% $15.16 $17.39 $36,180 4.7 %
41-3021 Insurance Sales Agents 390 0.01% $15.50 $17.40 $36,190 7.4 %
41-3031 Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents 60 0.00% $23.59 $43.15 $89,740 15.1 %
41-3041 Travel Agents 620 0.02% $14.41 $14.42 $29,990 3.8 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 760 0.02% $25.75 $26.83 $55,800 3.3 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 8,110 0.25% $17.93 $20.67 $42,980 2.6 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters 7,830 0.24% $9.91 $10.82 $22,500 2.5 %
41-9012 Models 40 0.00% $8.74 $17.11 $35,580 24.9 %
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents 1,010 0.03% $17.83 $17.19 $35,760 6.9 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers 140 0.00% $28.78 $28.35 $58,960 3.4 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 13,730 0.42% $9.06 $9.70 $20,170 1.6 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 854,150 25.89% $10.62 $11.52 $23,960 0.4 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 20,980 0.64% $16.16 $17.81 $37,050 2.1 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 12,060 0.37% $9.36 $9.61 $19,990 2.3 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 7,850 0.24% $12.41 $13.00 $27,030 1.3 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 8,340 0.25% $11.55 $12.15 $25,270 2.9 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 41,120 1.25% $11.66 $12.29 $25,570 0.9 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 8,880 0.27% $12.97 $13.48 $28,030 1.1 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 1,190 0.04% $14.71 $16.28 $33,860 2.8 %
43-3071 Tellers 1,450 0.04% $10.09 $9.94 $20,680 1.6 %
43-4011 Brokerage Clerks (6) (6) $15.26 $15.54 $32,330 6.5 %
43-4021 Correspondence Clerks 1,500 0.05% $11.90 $11.68 $24,290 1.8 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 2,370 0.07% $9.86 $12.97 $26,970 9.3 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 70,070 2.12% $10.83 $11.46 $23,840 1.0 %
43-4071 File Clerks 30,210 0.92% $9.41 $9.81 $20,400 1.3 %
43-4081 Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks 520 0.02% $9.60 $10.02 $20,850 3.4 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan 4,710 0.14% $9.99 $10.70 $22,260 3.5 %
43-4121 Library Assistants, Clerical 60 0.00% $10.24 $10.33 $21,480 3.1 %
43-4131 Loan Interviewers and Clerks 1,290 0.04% $14.11 $14.55 $30,270 4.5 %
43-4141 New Accounts Clerks 110 0.00% $11.25 $12.14 $25,250 4.7 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 3,760 0.11% $10.98 $11.60 $24,120 1.8 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 6,740 0.20% $12.20 $12.98 $27,000 1.6 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 64,260 1.95% $10.10 $10.42 $21,670 0.8 %
43-4181 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks 350 0.01% $9.27 $10.83 $22,520 6.5 %
43-5011 Cargo and Freight Agents (6) (6) $14.45 $15.06 $31,330 11.5 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 1,480 0.04% $9.11 $9.96 $20,710 4.1 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 3,170 0.10% $11.87 $12.68 $26,380 2.9 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 7,030 0.21% $10.71 $12.40 $25,800 3.5 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 30,460 0.92% $9.13 $9.94 $20,680 1.3 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 38,470 1.17% $8.79 $9.33 $19,400 0.7 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 480 0.01% $9.63 $10.58 $22,000 6.0 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 62,240 1.89% $14.58 $15.33 $31,890 0.8 %
43-6012 Legal Secretaries 3,560 0.11% $17.90 $18.10 $37,660 2.3 %
43-6013 Medical Secretaries 2,730 0.08% $11.65 $12.20 $25,380 1.7 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 73,490 2.23% $11.80 $12.28 $25,550 0.8 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 5,380 0.16% $11.90 $13.46 $27,990 2.0 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 56,220 1.70% $10.21 $10.56 $21,960 0.5 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 25,340 0.77% $11.92 $12.95 $26,940 3.5 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 570 0.02% $19.80 $19.52 $40,600 2.6 %
43-9041 Insurance Claims and Policy Processing Clerks 990 0.03% $9.19 $11.50 $23,910 4.9 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 10,630 0.32% $9.37 $9.44 $19,630 1.2 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 179,140 5.43% $10.01 $10.51 $21,850 0.5 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 3,710 0.11% $9.55 $10.07 $20,940 1.6 %
43-9081 Proofreaders and Copy Markers 1,140 0.03% $10.85 $14.40 $29,950 9.4 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants 310 0.01% $14.77 $17.76 $36,950 11.5 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations (6) (6) $7.28 $7.74 $16,110 3.8 %
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers 140 0.00% $15.73 $17.61 $36,630 5.1 %
45-2041 Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products (6) (6) $6.13 $6.21 $12,910 4.8 %
45-2091 Agricultural Equipment Operators 200 0.01% $9.64 $10.61 $22,070 5.7 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse (6) (6) $7.01 $7.62 $15,860 5.1 %
45-2093 Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals (6) (6) $7.68 $7.77 $16,150 5.0 %
45-4022 Logging Equipment Operators 530 0.02% $12.87 $13.02 $27,080 2.6 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 192,480 5.84% $9.35 $11.17 $23,240 2.1 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 2,650 0.08% $20.59 $22.74 $47,300 4.2 %
47-2011 Boilermakers 340 0.01% $20.37 $19.01 $39,540 9.5 %
47-2021 Brickmasons and Blockmasons 2,360 0.07% $12.64 $14.04 $29,200 3.1 %
47-2022 Stonemasons 570 0.02% $12.19 $14.12 $29,360 6.0 %
47-2031 Carpenters 23,590 0.72% $14.03 $15.15 $31,520 2.4 %
47-2041 Carpet Installers 200 0.01% $10.92 $17.06 $35,480 11.9 %
47-2044 Tile and Marble Setters 250 0.01% $15.92 $18.77 $39,050 8.5 %
47-2051 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers 2,020 0.06% $12.85 $15.07 $31,340 5.6 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 64,080 1.94% $7.58 $8.98 $18,670 2.7 %
47-2071 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 580 0.02% $8.92 $9.79 $20,360 3.3 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 1,050 0.03% $14.19 $15.80 $32,860 5.6 %
47-2081 Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers 2,520 0.08% $12.46 $13.61 $28,310 2.1 %
47-2111 Electricians 9,410 0.29% $15.71 $16.73 $34,810 2.5 %
47-2121 Glaziers 40 0.00% $13.12 $14.39 $29,920 3.1 %
47-2130 Insulation Workers (6) (6) $12.67 $12.57 $26,150 2.8 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 6,730 0.20% $10.48 $11.49 $23,910 1.5 %
47-2142 Paperhangers 130 0.00% $14.71 $15.28 $31,780 6.8 %
47-2151 Pipelayers 190 0.01% $10.58 $12.30 $25,580 10.0 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 3,920 0.12% $15.01 $15.73 $32,720 1.9 %
47-2161 Plasterers and Stucco Masons 360 0.01% $15.34 $15.70 $32,650 3.2 %
47-2171 Reinforcing Iron and Rebar Workers 260 0.01% $19.05 $20.07 $41,740 6.1 %
47-2181 Roofers 3,380 0.10% $12.46 $13.43 $27,930 1.1 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 2,080 0.06% $11.04 $13.01 $27,060 5.0 %
47-2221 Structural Iron and Steel Workers 1,280 0.04% $13.33 $15.31 $31,840 4.2 %
47-3011 Helpers—Brickmasons, Blockmasons, Stonemasons, and Tile and Marble Setters 280 0.01% $12.87 $13.34 $27,740 6.2 %
47-3012 Helpers—Carpenters 1,600 0.05% $8.33 $9.47 $19,700 4.1 %
47-3013 Helpers—Electricians 1,160 0.04% $10.06 $10.29 $21,390 3.8 %
47-3014 Helpers—Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons 220 0.01% $8.68 $9.11 $18,950 3.0 %
47-3015 Helpers—Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 240 0.01% $8.50 $9.92 $20,620 7.7 %
47-3016 Helpers—Roofers (6) (6) $9.74 $10.96 $22,800 9.6 %
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors 200 0.01% $16.45 $18.24 $37,940 6.1 %
47-4031 Fence Erectors 60 0.00% $11.91 $12.53 $26,050 3.8 %
47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 460 0.01% $12.34 $12.46 $25,920 5.1 %
47-4051 Highway Maintenance Workers 2,470 0.07% $7.99 $9.80 $20,380 8.4 %
47-5081 Helpers—Extraction Workers 640 0.02% $13.56 $13.97 $29,050 2.9 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 45,520 1.38% $13.03 $14.53 $30,230 1.3 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 1,400 0.04% $21.43 $22.58 $46,960 2.3 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 1,850 0.06% $15.98 $18.86 $39,230 2.5 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 1,000 0.03% $15.63 $17.31 $36,010 4.2 %
49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers 70 0.00% $16.53 $15.85 $32,960 7.6 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 790 0.02% $13.28 $14.84 $30,860 3.4 %
49-2096 Electronic Equipment Installers and Repairers, Motor Vehicles 200 0.01% $15.52 $15.74 $32,730 3.1 %
49-2097 Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Installers and Repairers (6) (6) $17.08 $17.66 $36,730 7.8 %
49-2098 Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers 1,310 0.04% $15.14 $16.38 $34,080 4.5 %
49-3011 Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians 1,230 0.04% $17.78 $19.13 $39,800 5.3 %
49-3021 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 610 0.02% $8.48 $10.91 $22,700 5.2 %
49-3022 Automotive Glass Installers and Repairers 50 0.00% $11.05 $12.63 $26,270 4.0 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 6,640 0.20% $13.97 $14.91 $31,020 2.7 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 1,870 0.06% $13.64 $15.73 $32,720 4.2 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines (6) (6) $15.62 $15.89 $33,050 3.7 %
49-3051 Motorboat Mechanics 50 0.00% $14.78 $15.21 $31,630 9.5 %
49-3093 Tire Repairers and Changers 110 0.00% $8.77 $10.01 $20,830 2.9 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 1,140 0.03% $14.55 $14.77 $30,730 3.1 %
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers 270 0.01% $18.18 $17.28 $35,930 4.1 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 500 0.02% $16.39 $17.38 $36,140 3.0 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 13,830 0.42% $11.17 $12.66 $26,330 1.6 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 780 0.02% $12.87 $15.08 $31,370 7.7 %
49-9044 Millwrights 1,180 0.04% $14.96 $19.70 $40,980 15.4 %
49-9045 Refractory Materials Repairers, Except Brickmasons 140 0.00% $16.19 $16.58 $34,490 12.2 %
49-9051 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers (6) (6) $21.91 $22.98 $47,800 6.8 %
49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers 1,720 0.05% $14.18 $15.27 $31,750 4.4 %
49-9061 Camera and Photographic Equipment Repairers 140 0.00% $11.06 $12.18 $25,340 7.7 %
49-9062 Medical Equipment Repairers 80 0.00% $7.90 $11.28 $23,460 21.4 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers 100 0.00% $10.46 $10.94 $22,750 5.7 %
49-9094 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers 70 0.00% $10.96 $12.26 $25,490 8.7 %
49-9095 Manufactured Building and Mobile Home Installers 60 0.00% $10.78 $11.01 $22,890 9.0 %
49-9098 Helpers—Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 4,050 0.12% $8.73 $9.41 $19,580 2.0 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 574,840 17.43% $8.38 $9.15 $19,030 0.7 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 4,840 0.15% $14.31 $15.97 $33,220 5.0 %
51-2011 Aircraft Structure, Surfaces, Rigging, and Systems Assemblers 360 0.01% $11.57 $14.88 $30,940 12.0 %
51-2021 Coil Winders, Tapers, and Finishers 150 0.00% $9.77 $9.94 $20,680 2.8 %
51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 10,380 0.31% $8.97 $9.77 $20,330 2.3 %
51-2023 Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers 700 0.02% $9.11 $9.71 $20,190 2.8 %
51-2031 Engine and Other Machine Assemblers 310 0.01% $9.82 $10.17 $21,150 2.6 %
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters 1,580 0.05% $17.27 $16.29 $33,890 4.1 %
51-2091 Fiberglass Laminators and Fabricators 750 0.02% $9.50 $10.34 $21,500 4.4 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 66,680 2.02% $8.50 $9.10 $18,930 1.9 %
51-3011 Bakers 860 0.03% $8.86 $9.65 $20,060 4.6 %
51-3021 Butchers and Meat Cutters 810 0.02% $9.77 $10.93 $22,730 11.2 %
51-3022 Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers 1,500 0.05% $8.86 $9.72 $20,220 3.9 %
51-3023 Slaughterers and Meat Packers 480 0.01% $7.83 $8.04 $16,720 7.8 %
51-3091 Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders 50 0.00% $11.94 $12.24 $25,460 4.9 %
51-3092 Food Batchmakers 1,460 0.04% $8.63 $10.04 $20,880 3.9 %
51-3093 Food Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders 890 0.03% $7.09 $8.76 $18,220 7.2 %
51-4011 Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic 760 0.02% $10.48 $13.99 $29,090 8.8 %
51-4012 Numerical Tool and Process Control Programmers 100 0.00% $18.12 $17.18 $35,740 10.4 %
51-4021 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 5,950 0.18% $8.05 $8.52 $17,720 2.0 %
51-4022 Forging Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 3,030 0.09% $8.45 $8.98 $18,670 1.5 %
51-4023 Rolling Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 2,340 0.07% $7.77 $8.41 $17,500 1.8 %
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 15,850 0.48% $8.59 $9.16 $19,060 0.9 %
51-4032 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 120 0.00% $10.51 $11.88 $24,710 17.9 %
51-4033 Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 550 0.02% $8.40 $9.69 $20,160 5.0 %
51-4034 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 480 0.01% $10.45 $12.17 $25,320 6.3 %
51-4035 Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 310 0.01% $11.43 $12.45 $25,900 8.8 %
51-4041 Machinists 15,870 0.48% $9.52 $10.85 $22,570 1.7 %
51-4052 Pourers and Casters, Metal 110 0.00% $12.49 $13.15 $27,350 4.5 %
51-4071 Foundry Mold and Coremakers 90 0.00% $9.67 $10.80 $22,460 7.8 %
51-4072 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 3,740 0.11% $7.96 $8.46 $17,600 2.6 %
51-4081 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 1,790 0.05% $8.79 $9.79 $20,360 5.2 %
51-4111 Tool and Die Makers 630 0.02% $13.28 $13.40 $27,880 8.8 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 13,400 0.41% $11.12 $12.12 $25,210 1.9 %
51-4122 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 370 0.01% $11.15 $11.37 $23,650 2.2 %
51-4191 Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 180 0.01% $10.45 $11.46 $23,840 7.4 %
51-4192 Lay-Out Workers, Metal and Plastic 60 0.00% $14.26 $14.46 $30,080 9.4 %
51-4193 Plating and Coating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 180 0.01% $9.18 $9.98 $20,760 3.8 %
51-4194 Tool Grinders, Filers, and Sharpeners 40 0.00% $10.18 $11.29 $23,480 9.2 %
51-5011 Bindery Workers 6,630 0.20% $7.57 $8.21 $17,070 2.0 %
51-5012 Bookbinders 140 0.00% $10.57 $12.51 $26,020 11.5 %
51-5021 Job Printers 90 0.00% $9.91 $10.24 $21,300 3.3 %
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers 690 0.02% $8.25 $9.48 $19,710 7.6 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 3,820 0.12% $8.99 $9.88 $20,540 3.3 %
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 1,060 0.03% $6.60 $7.36 $15,300 3.5 %
51-6021 Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 90 0.00% $7.47 $7.48 $15,570 4.3 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators 570 0.02% $8.39 $8.53 $17,740 2.4 %
51-6051 Sewers, Hand (6) (6) $10.37 $13.14 $27,330 11.4 %
51-6052 Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers 40 0.00% $11.45 $11.43 $23,780 4.3 %
51-6061 Textile Bleaching and Dyeing Machine Operators and Tenders 1,530 0.05% $7.55 $7.88 $16,380 2.4 %
51-6062 Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 3,690 0.11% $8.07 $8.18 $17,000 1.8 %
51-6063 Textile Knitting and Weaving Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 110 0.00% $9.66 $9.58 $19,930 4.2 %
51-6064 Textile Winding, Twisting, and Drawing Out Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (6) (6) $10.05 $10.17 $21,150 4.4 %
51-6092 Fabric and Apparel Patternmakers 30 0.00% $10.32 $11.21 $23,320 8.8 %
51-6093 Upholsterers 360 0.01% $8.77 $10.19 $21,200 7.6 %
51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 600 0.02% $12.12 $13.26 $27,570 4.1 %
51-7021 Furniture Finishers 80 0.00% $6.93 $7.58 $15,760 10.5 %
51-7041 Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood 290 0.01% $9.59 $10.05 $20,900 2.6 %
51-7042 Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing 640 0.02% $9.84 $9.75 $20,280 2.0 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators (6) (6) $22.29 $22.13 $46,020 2.4 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 50 0.00% $13.96 $15.02 $31,240 5.5 %
51-8093 Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, and Gaugers (6) (6) $19.62 $21.14 $43,980 9.9 %
51-9011 Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders 80 0.00% $15.51 $15.66 $32,570 5.1 %
51-9012 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 70 0.00% $9.12 $10.37 $21,580 12.7 %
51-9021 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 470 0.01% $8.80 $8.95 $18,620 1.8 %
51-9022 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 1,200 0.04% $10.99 $12.37 $25,730 3.6 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 1,280 0.04% $8.38 $9.82 $20,430 7.9 %
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 490 0.01% $7.77 $8.47 $17,620 3.7 %
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 470 0.01% $8.94 $9.44 $19,630 2.9 %
51-9051 Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders 50 0.00% $8.48 $9.48 $19,710 5.0 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 25,830 0.78% $9.43 $10.62 $22,090 2.2 %
51-9081 Dental Laboratory Technicians 50 0.00% $13.22 $15.07 $31,340 3.3 %
51-9082 Medical Appliance Technicians 430 0.01% $11.73 $13.24 $27,530 11.5 %
51-9083 Ophthalmic Laboratory Technicians (6) (6) $10.37 $11.45 $23,810 1.8 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 78,550 2.38% $8.24 $8.92 $18,550 2.7 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 500 0.02% $10.21 $10.80 $22,460 4.3 %
51-9122 Painters, Transportation Equipment 60 0.00% $12.53 $13.13 $27,300 4.8 %
51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers 2,160 0.07% $8.53 $9.23 $19,210 3.9 %
51-9131 Photographic Process Workers 100 0.00% $8.51 $9.17 $19,080 3.2 %
51-9132 Photographic Processing Machine Operators 130 0.00% $9.62 $10.83 $22,520 4.5 %
51-9141 Semiconductor Processors 930 0.03% $12.74 $13.46 $27,990 3.0 %
51-9191 Cementing and Gluing Machine Operators and Tenders 820 0.02% $10.13 $10.96 $22,790 5.7 %
51-9192 Cleaning, Washing, and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 60 0.00% $8.43 $9.53 $19,830 6.5 %
51-9194 Etchers and Engravers 220 0.01% $7.16 $7.90 $16,440 5.9 %
51-9196 Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 1,160 0.04% $8.51 $9.20 $19,130 5.0 %
51-9198 Helpers—Production Workers 85,070 2.58% $7.81 $8.10 $16,860 0.9 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 777,100 23.56% $8.09 $8.91 $18,540 1.0 %
53-1011 Aircraft Cargo Handling Supervisors 610 0.02% $11.37 $13.58 $28,250 4.6 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 2,070 0.06% $16.14 $17.34 $36,070 2.6 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 1,070 0.03% $17.64 $19.71 $40,990 4.9 %
53-3021 Bus Drivers, Transit and Intercity (6) (6) $9.87 $10.28 $21,380 4.3 %
53-3022 Bus Drivers, School (6) (6) $9.04 $10.19 $21,200 5.9 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 2,420 0.07% $9.26 $10.45 $21,740 4.3 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 40,310 1.22% $15.80 $16.04 $33,360 2.3 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light Or Delivery Services 18,520 0.56% $10.51 $11.87 $24,680 2.7 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 3,950 0.12% $8.60 $8.95 $18,610 2.5 %
53-5011 Sailors and Marine Oilers 180 0.01% $11.20 $11.29 $23,470 2.4 %
53-5021 Captains, Mates, and Pilots of Water Vessels 90 0.00% $26.92 $27.08 $56,340 4.1 %
53-6021 Parking Lot Attendants 2,580 0.08% $6.71 $7.21 $14,990 3.9 %
53-6031 Service Station Attendants 290 0.01% $8.24 $8.95 $18,630 7.2 %
53-7011 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 820 0.02% $8.60 $8.71 $18,120 1.9 %
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators 130 0.00% $19.44 $18.06 $37,570 3.8 %
53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators 550 0.02% $11.10 $13.09 $27,220 4.9 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 22,640 0.69% $9.93 $10.63 $22,100 1.4 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 3,100 0.09% $8.22 $8.52 $17,730 2.6 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 475,680 14.42% $8.00 $8.39 $17,460 0.6 %
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 890 0.03% $7.77 $8.08 $16,800 5.2 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 145,940 4.42% $7.64 $7.83 $16,290 0.7 %
53-7071 Gas Compressor and Gas Pumping Station Operators 80 0.00% $16.36 $17.06 $35,480 7.0 %
53-7081 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors (6) (6) $6.87 $8.82 $18,350 7.9 %

About May 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) = Hourly wage rates for occupations where workers typically work fewer than 2,080 hours per year are not available.

(6) =Estimates not released.



Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2003 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2003 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2003 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Technical notes

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Last Modified Date: May 7, 2004

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