Occupational Employment Statistics

May 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 238220 - Plumbing, Heating, and Air-Conditioning Contractors

These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in NAICS Industry 238220 - Plumbing, Heating, and Air-Conditioning Contractors.

These and other data elements, including the 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages are available in the downloadable Excel files (XLS).

NAICS Industry 238220 - Plumbing, Heating, and Air-Conditioning Contractors is part of: NAICS 238200 - Building Equipment Contractors.

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in in NAICS 238220 - Plumbing, Heating, and Air-Conditioning Contractors:

NAICS 238220 - Plumbing, Heating, and Air-Conditioning Contractors

Click on the SOC code number to view an occupational profile.

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 848,260 100.00% $17.20 $19.70 $40,980 0.8 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 39,610 4.67% $34.58 $41.68 $86,700 1.4 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 3,300 0.39% $58.16 $63.09 $131,230 2.2 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 18,130 2.14% $35.27 $41.77 $86,890 1.8 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 350 0.04% $30.87 $31.70 $65,940 3.2 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 510 0.06% $34.93 $44.73 $93,040 14.0 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 730 0.09% $21.58 $24.90 $51,790 4.2 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 2,410 0.28% $29.58 $33.25 $69,150 2.0 %
11-3040 Human Resources Managers 210 0.02% $24.96 $26.86 $55,870 2.8 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 50 0.01% $41.07 $39.96 $83,120 3.3 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 290 0.03% $26.45 $28.17 $58,590 2.7 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 100 0.01% $22.51 $23.86 $49,630 2.9 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 12,660 1.49% $33.50 $39.90 $82,990 3.1 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 320 0.04% $36.03 $38.25 $79,570 2.9 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 18,450 2.18% $24.30 $26.69 $55,510 1.1 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 60 0.01% $22.25 $22.26 $46,290 4.4 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 1,260 0.15% $20.87 $21.72 $45,180 1.4 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 13,610 1.60% $24.47 $26.81 $55,760 1.2 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 50 0.01% $27.95 $29.30 $60,940 4.9 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 30 0.00% $21.04 $21.13 $43,950 4.1 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 40 0.00% $14.98 $22.03 $45,830 11.0 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 2,700 0.32% $23.54 $25.79 $53,650 2.6 %
Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 830 0.10% $25.02 $25.99 $54,050 2.1 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 220 0.03% $28.06 $28.26 $58,790 4.7 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 30 0.00% $27.59 $27.66 $57,530 3.5 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software (6) (6) $26.99 $29.22 $60,780 2.1 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 270 0.03% $17.46 $22.31 $46,400 7.0 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 60 0.01% $23.68 $25.04 $52,090 4.0 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 160 0.02% $28.96 $29.07 $60,470 2.3 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 7,910 0.93% $24.75 $25.65 $53,360 2.0 %
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval 60 0.01% $22.14 $24.64 $51,250 4.6 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 700 0.08% $28.14 $29.43 $61,210 4.1 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 180 0.02% $27.71 $28.33 $58,920 2.0 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer (6) (6) $32.17 $33.31 $69,290 2.2 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 210 0.02% $24.29 $25.57 $53,180 5.0 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 170 0.02% $27.30 $34.20 $71,130 7.0 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 1,830 0.22% $30.39 $31.46 $65,430 3.9 %
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters 1,190 0.14% $22.02 $23.31 $48,480 3.8 %
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters 300 0.04% $19.76 $21.14 $43,960 3.7 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 380 0.04% $18.69 $18.73 $38,960 3.3 %
17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians 90 0.01% $20.08 $20.85 $43,370 3.1 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 240 0.03% $22.13 $23.13 $48,110 4.0 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 70 0.01% $20.76 $22.32 $46,430 7.0 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 990 0.12% $24.80 $23.81 $49,530 1.9 %
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 50 0.01% $16.40 $16.85 $35,050 4.4 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations (6) (6) $18.53 $19.25 $40,030 4.9 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 90 0.01% $17.06 $16.90 $35,150 4.4 %
Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 70 0.01% $21.22 $21.21 $44,110 3.4 %
29-9010 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists and Technicians 70 0.01% $21.22 $21.21 $44,110 3.4 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations (6) (6) $15.48 $15.66 $32,580 2.9 %
33-9032 Security Guards 60 0.01% $17.24 $15.40 $32,030 3.1 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 7,490 0.88% $10.31 $11.35 $23,620 3.0 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 660 0.08% $18.55 $18.48 $38,450 4.6 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 1,260 0.15% $8.02 $8.80 $18,310 3.2 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 40 0.00% $10.19 $10.52 $21,880 4.2 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 5,340 0.63% $10.26 $11.08 $23,050 2.8 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 13,980 1.65% $21.11 $23.88 $49,660 4.3 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 190 0.02% $30.84 $31.29 $65,080 4.7 %
41-2011 Cashiers (6) (6) $7.74 $7.59 $15,780 2.9 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks (6) (6) $11.92 $10.40 $21,640 14.1 %
41-2022 Parts Salespersons 190 0.02% $17.89 $18.06 $37,560 14.8 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 1,300 0.15% $18.53 $16.69 $34,710 9.8 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 600 0.07% $26.67 $37.75 $78,520 21.0 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 7,510 0.89% $21.36 $23.23 $48,320 2.6 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers 950 0.11% $29.01 $29.80 $61,970 3.1 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 550 0.06% $10.49 $11.30 $23,510 12.7 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 95,440 11.25% $12.38 $13.42 $27,910 0.8 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 7,790 0.92% $18.81 $20.16 $41,940 1.6 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 340 0.04% $11.87 $12.22 $25,410 1.6 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 450 0.05% $15.26 $15.53 $32,300 1.3 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 1,060 0.12% $14.27 $15.31 $31,850 2.5 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 18,720 2.21% $13.76 $14.33 $29,800 1.0 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 2,850 0.34% $13.80 $14.51 $30,170 1.5 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 300 0.04% $13.31 $14.33 $29,800 2.6 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 1,140 0.13% $12.59 $13.03 $27,090 4.1 %
43-4071 File Clerks 230 0.03% $10.44 $10.66 $22,160 2.4 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 460 0.05% $13.42 $13.50 $28,090 3.1 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 400 0.05% $15.35 $16.02 $33,330 2.8 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 3,420 0.40% $10.76 $10.92 $22,720 1.4 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 220 0.03% $10.51 $11.04 $22,960 2.2 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 2,420 0.29% $13.57 $14.13 $29,380 1.8 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 370 0.04% $15.09 $16.36 $34,020 2.1 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 730 0.09% $13.07 $13.56 $28,210 1.6 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 1,540 0.18% $11.71 $12.30 $25,570 1.6 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 7,980 0.94% $15.13 $15.53 $32,300 2.0 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 22,810 2.69% $10.48 $11.45 $23,810 2.7 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 70 0.01% $17.73 $18.62 $38,730 3.3 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 150 0.02% $11.18 $13.05 $27,140 5.3 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists (6) (6) $12.18 $11.29 $23,490 16.0 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 21,550 2.54% $10.65 $11.55 $24,030 2.7 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 496,190 58.50% $17.98 $19.81 $41,210 0.9 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 28,920 3.41% $25.77 $28.31 $58,890 1.7 %
47-2011 Boilermakers 3,040 0.36% $22.12 $22.60 $47,000 3.6 %
47-2021 Brickmasons and Blockmasons 50 0.01% $30.65 $28.64 $59,560 5.1 %
47-2031 Carpenters 2,520 0.30% $20.44 $21.33 $44,360 3.3 %
47-2044 Tile and Marble Setters (6) (6) $13.69 $14.26 $29,670 10.6 %
47-2051 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers 280 0.03% $16.80 $19.01 $39,540 6.4 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 13,900 1.64% $11.71 $14.16 $29,450 3.9 %
47-2071 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 50 0.01% $20.41 $19.95 $41,490 14.0 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 3,090 0.36% $18.00 $20.20 $42,010 4.5 %
47-2081 Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers 110 0.01% $15.55 $16.17 $33,640 8.2 %
47-2111 Electricians 8,340 0.98% $19.31 $20.29 $42,200 2.9 %
47-2130 Insulation Workers 2,050 0.24% $16.54 $19.61 $40,780 7.3 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 650 0.08% $16.47 $18.08 $37,600 7.9 %
47-2151 Pipelayers 5,220 0.62% $15.30 $17.59 $36,590 6.4 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 275,050 32.43% $19.91 $21.32 $44,350 1.1 %
47-2161 Plasterers and Stucco Masons 1,070 0.13% $15.70 $16.64 $34,610 18.5 %
47-2171 Reinforcing Iron and Rebar Workers 220 0.03% $19.79 $18.98 $39,480 12.4 %
47-2181 Roofers 590 0.07% $18.80 $18.20 $37,860 4.8 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 83,270 9.82% $17.60 $19.21 $39,960 1.2 %
47-2221 Structural Iron and Steel Workers 1,310 0.15% $23.25 $24.45 $50,850 6.4 %
47-3012 Helpers—Carpenters (6) (6) $9.49 $10.46 $21,760 9.7 %
47-3013 Helpers—Electricians 1,980 0.23% $10.61 $10.66 $22,170 5.1 %
47-3014 Helpers—Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons 390 0.05% $8.25 $9.02 $18,760 9.0 %
47-3015 Helpers—Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 57,230 6.75% $10.83 $11.46 $23,840 1.0 %
47-3016 Helpers—Roofers 130 0.02% $10.66 $11.24 $23,370 5.0 %
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors 150 0.02% $18.91 $19.86 $41,310 3.2 %
47-4021 Elevator Installers and Repairers 230 0.03% $25.45 $26.92 $55,990 5.4 %
47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 70 0.01% $12.28 $12.18 $25,340 6.1 %
47-4071 Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners 1,220 0.14% $16.60 $17.54 $36,480 3.1 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 144,490 17.03% $15.94 $17.04 $35,450 1.0 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 8,310 0.98% $23.57 $23.96 $49,840 2.1 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 430 0.05% $18.42 $18.80 $39,100 3.3 %
49-2098 Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers 1,480 0.17% $20.57 $19.95 $41,490 2.6 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics (6) (6) $23.73 $21.76 $45,260 4.8 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 320 0.04% $16.31 $16.48 $34,280 2.2 %
49-3041 Farm Equipment Mechanics (6) (6) $11.19 $11.99 $24,950 2.3 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 100 0.01% $13.80 $15.74 $32,730 5.0 %
49-9011 Mechanical Door Repairers 90 0.01% $26.44 $28.38 $59,030 22.6 %
49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door 1,950 0.23% $13.08 $14.45 $30,050 7.6 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 103,400 12.19% $15.96 $17.00 $35,360 1.0 %
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers 560 0.07% $19.75 $20.33 $42,280 9.1 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics (6) (6) $16.57 $16.60 $34,530 4.7 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 9,080 1.07% $18.25 $18.71 $38,910 3.1 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery (6) (6) $16.35 $16.21 $33,730 2.7 %
49-9044 Millwrights 2,180 0.26% $17.71 $18.70 $38,890 4.3 %
49-9045 Refractory Materials Repairers, Except Brickmasons 200 0.02% $17.75 $16.79 $34,920 3.4 %
49-9061 Camera and Photographic Equipment Repairers (6) (6) $15.38 $14.91 $31,010 8.3 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers (6) (6) $17.69 $17.49 $36,370 3.1 %
49-9096 Riggers 40 0.00% $11.28 $14.42 $29,990 9.2 %
49-9098 Helpers—Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 11,090 1.31% $10.33 $10.87 $22,620 2.1 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 8,850 1.04% $16.05 $16.78 $34,910 2.7 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 430 0.05% $22.70 $23.89 $49,690 3.3 %
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters 2,010 0.24% $15.87 $17.65 $36,700 5.0 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 260 0.03% $13.55 $14.69 $30,550 1.9 %
51-4041 Machinists 240 0.03% $15.83 $16.92 $35,200 5.4 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 3,420 0.40% $17.12 $17.49 $36,370 2.0 %
51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters (6) (6) $14.31 $15.07 $31,350 3.7 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators (6) (6) $20.37 $22.05 $45,870 2.8 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers (6) (6) $14.67 $15.62 $32,480 4.8 %
51-9198 Helpers—Production Workers 1,030 0.12% $9.97 $10.40 $21,630 6.9 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 14,460 1.70% $12.38 $13.35 $27,780 3.3 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 190 0.02% $23.69 $21.80 $45,350 4.4 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 220 0.03% $21.42 $25.33 $52,680 6.5 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 1,790 0.21% $14.50 $15.47 $32,170 2.1 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light Or Delivery Services 3,750 0.44% $12.12 $12.74 $26,500 1.5 %
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators 90 0.01% $18.83 $21.32 $44,340 7.5 %
53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators 1,860 0.22% $15.42 $16.15 $33,600 4.3 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 470 0.06% $11.90 $13.47 $28,020 5.0 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 5,870 0.69% $10.13 $11.32 $23,540 5.1 %
53-7072 Pump Operators, Except Wellhead Pumpers 40 0.00% $20.55 $19.30 $40,140 9.7 %

About May 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(6) Estimates not released.



Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2003 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2003 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2003 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2003 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: May 7, 2004

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