Occupational Employment Statistics

May 2003 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Production Occupations

SOC major groups



These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia. These and other data elements, including the 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages are available in the downloadable Excel files(XLS).

Click on the SOC Code Number to view an occupational profile.

Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 10,488,450 $12.32 $13.80 $28,710 0.2 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 705,270 $21.02 $22.45 $46,690 0.2 %
51-2011 Aircraft Structure, Surfaces, Rigging, and Systems Assemblers 26,150 $18.60 $18.23 $37,920 3.8 %
51-2021 Coil Winders, Tapers, and Finishers 33,590 $11.48 $12.17 $25,320 1.2 %
51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 245,700 $11.28 $12.20 $25,380 0.6 %
51-2023 Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers 54,690 $12.52 $13.09 $27,230 0.8 %
51-2031 Engine and Other Machine Assemblers 50,410 $15.58 $16.31 $33,920 2.7 %
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters 85,330 $13.94 $14.60 $30,380 0.6 %
51-2091 Fiberglass Laminators and Fabricators 31,820 $11.87 $12.30 $25,580 1.1 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 1,138,100 $11.14 $12.10 $25,160 0.7 %
51-2093 Timing Device Assemblers, Adjusters, and Calibrators 5,280 $12.79 $13.55 $28,180 1.8 %
51-3011 Bakers 157,110 $10.09 $10.86 $22,600 0.7 %
51-3021 Butchers and Meat Cutters 132,370 $12.30 $13.07 $27,180 0.5 %
51-3022 Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers 150,440 $8.69 $9.17 $19,060 0.7 %
51-3023 Slaughterers and Meat Packers 122,490 $9.82 $9.94 $20,680 0.9 %
51-3091 Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders 17,800 $11.89 $12.79 $26,600 1.9 %
51-3092 Food Batchmakers 74,650 $10.53 $11.24 $23,390 0.8 %
51-3093 Food Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders 34,480 $10.31 $10.99 $22,860 1.0 %
51-4011 Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic 126,150 $14.14 $14.74 $30,650 0.5 %
51-4012 Numerical Tool and Process Control Programmers 17,820 $18.43 $19.24 $40,020 0.9 %
51-4021 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 93,600 $12.72 $13.08 $27,210 0.6 %
51-4022 Forging Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 41,230 $13.10 $14.28 $29,700 1.7 %
51-4023 Rolling Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 42,090 $13.88 $14.44 $30,040 1.1 %
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 260,560 $12.12 $12.70 $26,410 0.4 %
51-4032 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 48,730 $13.29 $14.22 $29,570 1.1 %
51-4033 Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 97,660 $12.80 $13.83 $28,770 1.1 %
51-4034 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 70,300 $14.57 $15.04 $31,290 0.8 %
51-4035 Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 28,580 $14.48 $14.91 $31,020 0.8 %
51-4041 Machinists 368,740 $15.91 $16.30 $33,900 0.4 %
51-4051 Metal-Refining Furnace Operators and Tenders 17,810 $15.24 $15.65 $32,550 0.8 %
51-4052 Pourers and Casters, Metal 12,770 $13.64 $14.33 $29,810 1.0 %
51-4061 Model Makers, Metal and Plastic 7,900 $20.90 $20.98 $43,630 3.5 %
51-4062 Patternmakers, Metal and Plastic 6,090 $17.45 $18.19 $37,830 2.1 %
51-4071 Foundry Mold and Coremakers 20,770 $13.05 $14.01 $29,130 1.8 %
51-4072 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 144,140 $11.51 $12.36 $25,720 0.9 %
51-4081 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 100,320 $13.97 $15.20 $31,620 2.6 %
51-4111 Tool and Die Makers 104,210 $20.67 $21.10 $43,900 0.6 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 354,300 $14.25 $15.06 $31,330 0.4 %
51-4122 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 53,750 $13.99 $15.18 $31,580 1.7 %
51-4191 Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 27,290 $13.63 $14.39 $29,930 1.0 %
51-4192 Lay-Out Workers, Metal and Plastic 12,540 $15.37 $16.08 $33,450 1.5 %
51-4193 Plating and Coating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 40,800 $12.34 $13.00 $27,030 0.7 %
51-4194 Tool Grinders, Filers, and Sharpeners 22,320 $14.22 $15.02 $31,250 1.0 %
51-5011 Bindery Workers 81,840 $10.82 $11.81 $24,570 0.7 %
51-5012 Bookbinders 6,550 $13.87 $14.74 $30,660 2.0 %
51-5021 Job Printers 54,790 $14.83 $15.65 $32,560 1.6 %
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers 82,970 $15.22 $15.95 $33,170 0.7 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 189,900 $14.11 $14.93 $31,050 0.5 %
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 217,820 $8.14 $8.64 $17,960 0.6 %
51-6021 Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 87,500 $8.27 $8.61 $17,900 0.7 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators 265,200 $8.51 $9.12 $18,960 0.5 %
51-6041 Shoe and Leather Workers and Repairers 8,090 $9.40 $9.98 $20,750 1.1 %
51-6042 Shoe Machine Operators and Tenders 6,020 $9.89 $10.24 $21,300 1.8 %
51-6051 Sewers, Hand 18,790 $8.65 $9.57 $19,900 2.5 %
51-6052 Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers 32,150 $10.51 $11.62 $24,170 1.1 %
51-6061 Textile Bleaching and Dyeing Machine Operators and Tenders 24,280 $10.30 $10.56 $21,960 1.1 %
51-6062 Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 32,170 $9.87 $10.47 $21,770 1.1 %
51-6063 Textile Knitting and Weaving Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 47,720 $11.37 $11.42 $23,740 0.6 %
51-6064 Textile Winding, Twisting, and Drawing Out Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 60,550 $10.62 $11.08 $23,040 1.1 %
51-6091 Extruding and Forming Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Synthetic and Glass Fibers 26,700 $13.55 $13.68 $28,460 1.1 %
51-6092 Fabric and Apparel Patternmakers 10,310 $13.72 $16.30 $33,910 2.9 %
51-6093 Upholsterers 39,660 $12.18 $12.97 $26,980 1.2 %
51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 126,350 $11.81 $12.56 $26,120 0.5 %
51-7021 Furniture Finishers 28,770 $11.13 $11.82 $24,590 0.9 %
51-7031 Model Makers, Wood 3,820 $12.24 $14.19 $29,520 5.1 %
51-7032 Patternmakers, Wood 3,470 $14.25 $14.93 $31,060 2.4 %
51-7041 Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood 55,130 $10.65 $11.12 $23,130 0.7 %
51-7042 Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing 89,410 $10.76 $11.28 $23,470 0.5 %
51-8011 Nuclear Power Reactor Operators 3,710 $29.72 $29.99 $62,380 1.1 %
51-8012 Power Distributors and Dispatchers 10,270 $26.45 $26.73 $55,590 0.9 %
51-8013 Power Plant Operators 33,250 $24.45 $24.15 $50,220 0.7 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 48,880 $20.87 $21.32 $44,340 0.7 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 95,870 $16.30 $16.89 $35,130 0.6 %
51-8091 Chemical Plant and System Operators 56,270 $21.18 $21.10 $43,880 0.8 %
51-8092 Gas Plant Operators 11,180 $23.45 $23.53 $48,940 0.8 %
51-8093 Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, and Gaugers 40,980 $24.02 $22.97 $47,780 1.0 %
51-9011 Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders 59,720 $18.62 $18.75 $39,000 1.4 %
51-9012 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 37,360 $15.25 $15.99 $33,260 1.9 %
51-9021 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 43,320 $12.96 $13.57 $28,230 0.7 %
51-9022 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 43,910 $11.10 $12.03 $25,030 0.6 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 106,610 $13.43 $13.94 $28,990 0.4 %
51-9031 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 30,110 $10.79 $12.01 $24,980 2.2 %
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 70,960 $12.53 $13.06 $27,170 0.6 %
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 73,990 $13.05 $13.84 $28,780 0.8 %
51-9051 Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders 30,320 $13.95 $14.63 $30,430 0.8 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 497,300 $13.34 $14.65 $30,470 0.4 %
51-9071 Jewelers and Precious Stone and Metal Workers 30,360 $13.06 $14.48 $30,120 2.3 %
51-9081 Dental Laboratory Technicians 45,480 $14.10 $15.40 $32,030 1.1 %
51-9082 Medical Appliance Technicians 11,270 $13.41 $14.82 $30,820 2.4 %
51-9083 Ophthalmic Laboratory Technicians 30,300 $10.67 $11.42 $23,760 1.0 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 400,680 $10.45 $11.40 $23,700 0.7 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 93,110 $12.37 $13.06 $27,160 0.5 %
51-9122 Painters, Transportation Equipment 46,600 $16.39 $17.56 $36,520 1.0 %
51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers 29,590 $10.41 $11.36 $23,640 0.8 %
51-9131 Photographic Process Workers 27,170 $9.79 $11.19 $23,280 1.1 %
51-9132 Photographic Processing Machine Operators 54,750 $9.11 $10.14 $21,100 1.0 %
51-9141 Semiconductor Processors 50,160 $13.29 $14.14 $29,410 1.3 %
51-9191 Cementing and Gluing Machine Operators and Tenders 25,390 $11.24 $11.98 $24,920 0.8 %
51-9192 Cleaning, Washing, and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 17,590 $11.07 $11.99 $24,950 1.0 %
51-9193 Cooling and Freezing Equipment Operators and Tenders 7,920 $10.31 $11.46 $23,830 1.8 %
51-9194 Etchers and Engravers 8,800 $10.69 $11.94 $24,840 1.7 %
51-9195 Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic 37,600 $11.91 $12.70 $26,420 2.2 %
51-9196 Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 109,600 $13.91 $14.29 $29,720 0.7 %
51-9197 Tire Builders 14,830 $19.01 $17.59 $36,590 2.4 %
51-9198 Helpers—Production Workers 452,700 $9.42 $10.09 $20,980 0.5 %

About May 2003 National, State, and Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.


National OES estimates by SOC major group



May 2003 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2003 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2003 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2003 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: May 7, 2004

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