Occupational Employment Statistics

May 2003 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Philadelphia, PA-NJ PMSA


For metropolitan area definitions used by the OES survey, see the MSA definitions page.

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors in the Philadelphia, PA-NJ PMSA, a primary metropolitan statistical area that includes parts of Pennsylvania and New Jersey. These and other data elements, including the 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages are available in the downloadable Excel files (XLS).

Links to OES estimates for other areas and States

SOC Major Groups in the Philadelphia, PA-NJ PMSA:

Click on the SOC code number to view an occupational profile.

All Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 2,340,250 $15.16 $18.87 $39,240 0.7 %
Management Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 148,470 $36.24 $41.78 $86,910 0.9 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 9,510 $63.69 $66.75 $138,840 2.9 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 37,960 $41.32 $48.60 $101,090 1.3 %
11-1031 Legislators 1,510 $7.09 $13.60 $28,280 17.2 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 1,140 $28.86 $33.84 $70,380 3.9 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 4,360 $37.81 $42.67 $88,750 2.5 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 7,570 $39.94 $44.39 $92,320 3.5 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 1,300 $29.98 $35.23 $73,270 2.8 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 6,180 $29.02 $31.96 $66,480 1.9 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 6,190 $40.55 $43.26 $89,980 1.6 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 14,900 $34.03 $38.37 $79,800 2.1 %
11-3040 Human Resources Managers 4,820 $31.98 $34.97 $72,740 4.8 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 3,430 $34.98 $37.90 $78,820 1.3 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 1,900 $33.34 $35.92 $74,710 1.5 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 2,300 $33.71 $35.88 $74,630 1.8 %
11-9011 Farm, Ranch, and Other Agricultural Managers 70 $28.50 $29.48 $61,310 4.1 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 3,290 $38.81 $39.89 $82,970 1.8 %
11-9031 Education Administrators, Preschool and Child Care Center/Program 1,860 $16.19 $18.02 $37,480 4.0 %
11-9032 Education Administrators, Elementary and Secondary School 3,860 (4) (4) $82,690 2.0 %
11-9033 Education Administrators, Postsecondary 2,280 $33.68 $34.36 $71,480 2.3 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 4,120 $45.49 $47.66 $99,130 1.9 %
11-9051 Food Service Managers 3,020 $21.25 $22.10 $45,980 4.3 %
11-9061 Funeral Directors 500 $21.74 $29.09 $60,510 11.3 %
11-9081 Lodging Managers 360 $21.69 $22.62 $47,040 2.1 %
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 5,890 $32.70 $37.84 $78,700 3.8 %
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers 1,230 $54.86 $59.36 $123,470 10.1 %
11-9131 Postmasters and Mail Superintendents 290 $26.84 $28.11 $58,460 1.3 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 1,830 $25.83 $29.64 $61,660 4.7 %
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers 2,950 $25.10 $27.20 $56,580 2.9 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 102,330 $23.75 $26.54 $55,190 1.1 %
13-1011 Agents and Business Managers of Artists, Performers, and Athletes (6) $23.15 $28.42 $59,100 19.0 %
13-1021 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products (6) $19.98 $23.52 $48,910 6.7 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 2,470 $22.62 $24.22 $50,390 2.0 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 4,580 $24.50 $25.57 $53,180 2.3 %
13-1031 Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 7,090 $19.52 $21.36 $44,440 2.4 %
13-1032 Insurance Appraisers, Auto Damage 200 $20.37 $20.00 $41,600 4.5 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 2,950 $22.27 $24.01 $49,940 1.7 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 3,110 $26.19 $27.57 $57,350 1.6 %
13-1061 Emergency Management Specialists 130 $22.25 $23.88 $49,670 7.7 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 4,260 $19.29 $24.35 $50,650 9.1 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 1,310 $22.00 $23.39 $48,660 1.5 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 3,730 $22.59 $24.09 $50,110 1.4 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 9,580 $28.84 $34.21 $71,170 4.2 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 540 $19.90 $22.13 $46,030 3.5 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 15,260 $24.13 $26.44 $55,000 1.3 %
13-2021 Appraisers and Assessors of Real Estate 650 $20.56 $19.96 $41,530 11.6 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 970 $25.66 $26.42 $54,950 1.4 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 1,030 $19.92 $22.06 $45,880 2.8 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 4,720 $26.01 $29.14 $60,610 2.4 %
13-2052 Personal Financial Advisors 2,860 $29.59 $38.23 $79,520 7.1 %
13-2053 Insurance Underwriters 3,340 $25.55 $27.66 $57,520 2.6 %
13-2061 Financial Examiners 450 $22.93 $25.98 $54,030 6.7 %
13-2071 Loan Counselors (6) $14.99 $17.76 $36,950 2.0 %
13-2072 Loan Officers 3,640 $19.02 $22.25 $46,280 3.0 %
13-2081 Tax Examiners, Collectors, and Revenue Agents 3,050 $17.00 $18.87 $39,240 1.5 %
13-2082 Tax Preparers 310 $14.53 $17.59 $36,580 15.6 %
Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 59,780 $28.61 $29.79 $61,960 1.5 %
15-1011 Computer and Information Scientists, Research 310 $37.19 $39.43 $82,010 4.5 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 9,810 $28.31 $29.14 $60,610 2.8 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 7,480 $32.51 $33.92 $70,550 3.6 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 7,420 $36.29 $36.03 $74,930 1.8 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 11,070 $19.24 $20.49 $42,610 2.9 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 8,930 $31.82 $33.43 $69,530 3.6 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 1,820 $26.64 $29.46 $61,270 3.3 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 5,190 $27.14 $27.87 $57,970 1.3 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 3,150 $29.46 $30.74 $63,930 3.2 %
15-2011 Actuaries 360 $37.87 $42.91 $89,250 3.1 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 960 $27.73 $29.50 $61,370 3.1 %
15-2041 Statisticians 430 $28.43 $30.51 $63,460 4.0 %
15-2091 Mathematical Technicians (6) $20.66 $22.35 $46,490 4.6 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 38,950 $27.84 $28.99 $60,310 1.2 %
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval 1,830 $29.36 $31.84 $66,230 3.8 %
17-1012 Landscape Architects 140 $24.44 $27.78 $57,790 4.4 %
17-1021 Cartographers and Photogrammetrists (6) $18.18 $19.05 $39,630 5.2 %
17-1022 Surveyors 510 $20.44 $21.06 $43,790 3.3 %
17-2031 Biomedical Engineers 120 $27.24 $28.46 $59,190 2.5 %
17-2041 Chemical Engineers 620 $33.12 $34.44 $71,630 2.0 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 3,260 $30.32 $31.51 $65,550 2.8 %
17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers 1,290 $37.33 $37.18 $77,340 1.8 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 3,200 $34.62 $34.69 $72,160 1.3 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 1,860 $34.45 $34.62 $72,010 1.5 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 960 $31.48 $31.03 $64,540 3.6 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 740 $30.20 $29.93 $62,250 2.2 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 1,960 $31.98 $32.47 $67,540 1.4 %
17-2121 Marine Engineers and Naval Architects 80 $38.50 $37.99 $79,020 4.5 %
17-2131 Materials Engineers 250 $32.34 $32.40 $67,390 2.0 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 3,560 $32.28 $32.64 $67,900 1.8 %
17-2161 Nuclear Engineers 1,260 $41.10 $40.37 $83,970 2.6 %
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters 2,230 $18.56 $19.77 $41,120 4.3 %
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters 410 $22.64 $23.06 $47,960 2.5 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 1,060 $21.77 $23.17 $48,200 4.7 %
17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians 970 $18.93 $19.86 $41,310 4.1 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 2,790 $20.70 $22.15 $46,070 3.3 %
17-3024 Electro-Mechanical Technicians 630 $18.40 $19.06 $39,640 7.7 %
17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technicians 560 $17.40 $18.17 $37,790 6.9 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 1,080 $23.97 $25.15 $52,300 3.8 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 540 $21.45 $21.46 $44,640 2.2 %
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 450 $15.19 $15.76 $32,790 3.2 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 25,050 $22.87 $26.08 $54,250 3.9 %
19-1021 Biochemists and Biophysicists 800 $25.51 $28.46 $59,200 6.4 %
19-1022 Microbiologists 190 $24.64 $25.33 $52,680 6.0 %
19-1023 Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists 120 $21.49 $22.24 $46,250 10.7 %
19-1031 Conservation Scientists 70 $21.37 $21.89 $45,520 2.9 %
19-1032 Foresters 60 $25.65 $26.65 $55,420 7.4 %
19-1041 Epidemiologists (6) $37.26 $36.98 $76,930 10.3 %
19-1042 Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists 2,480 $25.61 $30.07 $62,550 6.8 %
19-2012 Physicists (6) $41.22 $41.36 $86,030 1.7 %
19-2031 Chemists 2,520 $25.31 $28.07 $58,380 4.8 %
19-2032 Materials Scientists (6) $26.77 $27.89 $58,020 7.6 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 1,030 $22.61 $24.77 $51,530 5.4 %
19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers 450 $31.27 $30.74 $63,930 2.3 %
19-2043 Hydrologists (6) $31.47 $33.19 $69,030 4.1 %
19-3011 Economists 120 $34.82 $36.58 $76,080 8.4 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 2,530 $25.35 $28.39 $59,050 5.8 %
19-3022 Survey Researchers 710 $8.61 $12.23 $25,440 7.8 %
19-3031 Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists 2,190 $26.38 $28.22 $58,700 5.7 %
19-3041 Sociologists 50 $25.58 $26.56 $55,250 4.2 %
19-3051 Urban and Regional Planners 270 $23.09 $24.16 $50,260 3.6 %
19-3091 Anthropologists and Archeologists 40 $18.03 $23.25 $48,370 9.2 %
19-4011 Agricultural and Food Science Technicians (6) $17.38 $19.63 $40,830 8.1 %
19-4021 Biological Technicians 1,960 $17.76 $18.65 $38,790 4.5 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 1,670 $18.04 $18.83 $39,160 5.8 %
19-4041 Geological and Petroleum Technicians (6) $18.83 $18.66 $38,800 2.9 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health 320 $17.73 $17.91 $37,250 3.5 %
19-4093 Forest and Conservation Technicians 40 $16.86 $29.57 $61,500 9.6 %
Community and Social Services Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 38,110 $15.11 $16.55 $34,420 2.1 %
21-1011 Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors 2,370 $14.79 $16.45 $34,210 2.4 %
21-1012 Educational, Vocational, and School Counselors 4,130 $21.61 $23.18 $48,210 3.3 %
21-1014 Mental Health Counselors 2,100 $14.11 $15.18 $31,580 2.4 %
21-1015 Rehabilitation Counselors 2,610 $11.01 $12.32 $25,630 2.9 %
21-1021 Child, Family, and School Social Workers 4,750 $16.29 $17.53 $36,460 2.3 %
21-1022 Medical and Public Health Social Workers 4,110 $20.36 $19.91 $41,420 3.0 %
21-1023 Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers 2,260 $15.34 $16.41 $34,130 1.6 %
21-1091 Health Educators 770 $18.54 $19.35 $40,240 3.9 %
21-1092 Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists 1,440 $19.48 $20.07 $41,750 2.4 %
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants 7,760 $10.69 $11.57 $24,060 2.8 %
21-2011 Clergy 400 $15.08 $15.58 $32,410 4.8 %
21-2021 Directors, Religious Activities and Education (6) $15.54 $16.31 $33,920 5.2 %
Legal Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 25,250 $27.15 $35.92 $74,720 6.1 %
23-1011 Lawyers 14,280 $41.34 $47.44 $98,670 4.7 %
23-1021 Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers 330 $37.68 $37.93 $78,900 7.7 %
23-1023 Judges, Magistrate Judges, and Magistrates 150 $60.57 $56.74 $118,030 2.8 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 4,420 $21.85 $21.47 $44,650 2.5 %
23-2092 Law Clerks 2,500 $18.49 $18.18 $37,810 1.9 %
23-2093 Title Examiners, Abstractors, and Searchers 670 $14.76 $15.49 $32,220 6.9 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 144,790 $19.88 $21.45 $44,620 2.4 %
25-1011 Business Teachers, Postsecondary 1,640 (4) (4) $60,610 6.3 %
25-1021 Computer Science Teachers, Postsecondary 650 (4) (4) $62,140 4.9 %
25-1022 Mathematical Science Teachers, Postsecondary 980 (4) (4) $62,280 5.8 %
25-1031 Architecture Teachers, Postsecondary 140 (4) (4) $65,070 9.3 %
25-1032 Engineering Teachers, Postsecondary 980 (4) (4) $78,790 2.3 %
25-1041 Agricultural Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 300 (4) (4) $74,660 3.7 %
25-1042 Biological Science Teachers, Postsecondary 790 (4) (4) $65,400 3.1 %
25-1043 Forestry and Conservation Science Teachers, Postsecondary 120 (4) (4) $79,030 2.2 %
25-1051 Atmospheric, Earth, Marine, and Space Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 280 (4) (4) $68,590 8.5 %
25-1052 Chemistry Teachers, Postsecondary 470 (4) (4) $72,010 3.1 %
25-1053 Environmental Science Teachers, Postsecondary 190 (4) (4) $82,400 12.0 %
25-1054 Physics Teachers, Postsecondary 330 (4) (4) $77,880 3.7 %
25-1061 Anthropology and Archeology Teachers, Postsecondary 200 (4) (4) $76,750 11.3 %
25-1062 Area, Ethnic, and Cultural Studies Teachers, Postsecondary 150 (4) (4) $73,140 15.1 %
25-1063 Economics Teachers, Postsecondary 310 (4) (4) $81,370 4.2 %
25-1064 Geography Teachers, Postsecondary 110 (4) (4) $72,040 5.6 %
25-1065 Political Science Teachers, Postsecondary 220 (4) (4) $66,930 3.5 %
25-1066 Psychology Teachers, Postsecondary 620 (4) (4) $65,630 8.0 %
25-1067 Sociology Teachers, Postsecondary 460 (4) (4) $65,090 9.7 %
25-1071 Health Specialties Teachers, Postsecondary 1,160 (4) (4) $63,540 4.2 %
25-1072 Nursing Instructors and Teachers, Postsecondary 660 (4) (4) $59,960 7.3 %
25-1081 Education Teachers, Postsecondary 1,060 (4) (4) $57,880 4.2 %
25-1082 Library Science Teachers, Postsecondary 30 (4) (4) $63,650 6.8 %
25-1111 Criminal Justice and Law Enforcement Teachers, Postsecondary 140 (4) (4) $67,130 5.8 %
25-1112 Law Teachers, Postsecondary 150 (4) (4) $47,430 23.1 %
25-1113 Social Work Teachers, Postsecondary 130 (4) (4) $89,700 15.0 %
25-1121 Art, Drama, and Music Teachers, Postsecondary 1,190 (4) (4) $72,730 13.4 %
25-1122 Communications Teachers, Postsecondary 460 (4) (4) $55,390 3.8 %
25-1123 English Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary 1,610 (4) (4) $60,460 7.2 %
25-1124 Foreign Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary 520 (4) (4) $52,200 4.9 %
25-1125 History Teachers, Postsecondary 440 (4) (4) $64,290 6.9 %
25-1126 Philosophy and Religion Teachers, Postsecondary 380 (4) (4) $66,110 7.4 %
25-1191 Graduate Teaching Assistants (6) (4) (4) $28,430 3.6 %
25-1192 Home Economics Teachers, Postsecondary 170 (4) (4) $57,690 4.2 %
25-1193 Recreation and Fitness Studies Teachers, Postsecondary 290 (4) (4) $49,960 5.5 %
25-1194 Vocational Education Teachers, Postsecondary 2,410 $19.00 $20.56 $42,770 4.0 %
25-2011 Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education 8,300 $10.56 $11.28 $23,450 5.0 %
25-2012 Kindergarten Teachers, Except Special Education 3,240 (4) (4) $44,910 4.3 %
25-2021 Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education 30,260 (4) (4) $49,690 2.0 %
25-2022 Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Vocational Education 11,550 (4) (4) $51,840 2.1 %
25-2023 Vocational Education Teachers, Middle School 270 (4) (4) $49,730 8.0 %
25-2031 Secondary School Teachers, Except Special and Vocational Education 19,180 (4) (4) $51,620 2.2 %
25-2032 Vocational Education Teachers, Secondary School 1,680 (4) (4) $52,120 1.8 %
25-2041 Special Education Teachers, Preschool, Kindergarten, and Elementary School 4,750 (4) (4) $48,390 3.9 %
25-2042 Special Education Teachers, Middle School 1,990 (4) (4) $50,810 2.4 %
25-2043 Special Education Teachers, Secondary School 3,250 (4) (4) $52,830 3.2 %
25-3011 Adult Literacy, Remedial Education, and Ged Teachers and Instructors 890 $16.18 $17.63 $36,670 10.1 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 1,520 $17.63 $17.47 $36,330 5.2 %
25-4010 Archivists, Curators, and Museum Technicians 320 $18.00 $19.23 $40,000 4.5 %
25-4021 Librarians 2,860 $21.68 $23.04 $47,930 2.0 %
25-4031 Library Technicians 2,820 $11.09 $12.18 $25,330 9.5 %
25-9011 Audio-Visual Collections Specialists (6) $15.96 $17.33 $36,050 5.3 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 2,220 $20.35 $22.65 $47,120 4.4 %
25-9041 Teacher Assistants 19,550 (4) (4) $18,600 2.5 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 24,520 $17.62 $21.34 $44,380 3.1 %
27-1011 Art Directors 590 $29.16 $32.13 $66,830 3.0 %
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators 190 $19.32 $28.44 $59,160 18.6 %
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators 410 $23.56 $26.09 $54,260 4.0 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 480 $19.29 $21.96 $45,680 4.6 %
27-1022 Fashion Designers 190 $20.10 $24.03 $49,980 5.8 %
27-1023 Floral Designers 1,120 $10.42 $10.85 $22,560 4.2 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 3,430 $17.64 $19.63 $40,830 2.6 %
27-1025 Interior Designers 840 $20.73 $23.77 $49,430 7.1 %
27-1026 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers (6) $12.70 $14.67 $30,520 9.3 %
27-1027 Set and Exhibit Designers 150 $25.45 $24.44 $50,830 10.4 %
27-2011 Actors 250 (4) (4) $43,020 24.8 %
27-2012 Producers and Directors 960 (4) (4) $56,890 10.7 %
27-2022 Coaches and Scouts 1,430 (4) (4) $28,410 8.3 %
27-2032 Choreographers 80 $26.88 $28.99 $60,300 18.0 %
27-2041 Music Directors and Composers (6) (4) (4) $41,760 12.1 %
27-2042 Musicians and Singers 750 (4) (4) $49,580 10.6 %
27-3010 Announcers 520 $17.76 $25.09 $52,180 9.8 %
27-3020 News Analysts, Reporters and Correspondents 1,020 $12.92 $15.48 $32,190 3.6 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 1,880 $20.82 $24.07 $50,070 5.1 %
27-3041 Editors 2,080 $18.38 $21.47 $44,660 2.8 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 770 $24.95 $26.27 $54,640 4.2 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 580 $20.99 $24.83 $51,650 4.3 %
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators 130 $16.04 $16.50 $34,320 4.4 %
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians 420 $18.05 $19.50 $40,570 8.6 %
27-4012 Broadcast Technicians 430 $15.37 $17.01 $35,370 12.0 %
27-4014 Sound Engineering Technicians 100 $13.13 $14.28 $29,700 8.0 %
27-4021 Photographers 1,310 $12.25 $13.81 $28,720 8.2 %
27-4031 Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Picture 240 $16.55 $20.49 $42,630 11.2 %
27-4032 Film and Video Editors 160 $36.09 $30.39 $63,210 7.7 %
Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 135,330 $24.24 $27.14 $56,440 1.5 %
29-1011 Chiropractors 230 $30.81 $30.98 $64,430 5.0 %
29-1020 Dentists 1,580 (5) $72.85 $151,530 10.0 %
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists 1,060 $20.47 $20.22 $42,050 2.3 %
29-1041 Optometrists 390 $42.10 $49.17 $102,260 13.5 %
29-1051 Pharmacists 5,040 $37.12 $35.66 $74,170 2.1 %
29-1061 Anesthesiologists 120 (5) $81.12 $168,720 10.0 %
29-1062 Family and General Practitioners 3,400 $64.34 $68.30 $142,070 5.2 %
29-1063 Internists, General 1,140 $21.44 $42.66 $88,740 18.2 %
29-1064 Obstetricians and Gynecologists 500 (5) $87.30 $181,590 6.7 %
29-1066 Psychiatrists 480 $59.96 $56.77 $118,080 12.7 %
29-1067 Surgeons 930 (5) $75.64 $157,330 10.6 %
29-1071 Physician Assistants 1,100 $32.26 $31.77 $66,070 2.5 %
29-1081 Podiatrists 130 $39.21 $44.64 $92,850 9.3 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 53,540 $26.24 $26.04 $54,160 1.1 %
29-1121 Audiologists 200 $27.15 $28.03 $58,300 7.7 %
29-1122 Occupational Therapists 1,630 $26.99 $28.03 $58,300 1.3 %
29-1123 Physical Therapists 3,330 $28.86 $29.59 $61,540 3.1 %
29-1124 Radiation Therapists 250 $30.65 $30.09 $62,580 6.0 %
29-1125 Recreational Therapists 770 $14.99 $15.60 $32,440 2.8 %
29-1126 Respiratory Therapists 1,730 $22.35 $22.03 $45,820 2.2 %
29-1127 Speech-Language Pathologists 1,680 $27.49 $27.73 $57,680 2.1 %
29-1131 Veterinarians 1,050 $45.44 $43.21 $89,870 6.5 %
29-2011 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 2,870 $20.55 $20.23 $42,080 2.3 %
29-2012 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 4,180 $15.57 $15.84 $32,950 1.7 %
29-2021 Dental Hygienists 3,480 $28.86 $27.53 $57,260 4.3 %
29-2031 Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians 880 $17.16 $18.23 $37,930 2.2 %
29-2032 Diagnostic Medical Sonographers 910 $25.61 $25.32 $52,670 1.5 %
29-2033 Nuclear Medicine Technologists 370 $26.25 $26.80 $55,740 3.4 %
29-2034 Radiologic Technologists and Technicians 3,940 $20.38 $20.78 $43,220 2.6 %
29-2041 Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics 3,380 $13.73 $14.23 $29,600 5.3 %
29-2051 Dietetic Technicians 370 $10.76 $12.64 $26,300 8.0 %
29-2052 Pharmacy Technicians 3,960 $10.03 $10.65 $22,140 1.9 %
29-2053 Psychiatric Technicians 640 $12.39 $12.74 $26,500 2.1 %
29-2054 Respiratory Therapy Technicians 650 $18.88 $19.05 $39,620 3.9 %
29-2055 Surgical Technologists 1,490 $14.45 $14.30 $29,740 5.4 %
29-2056 Veterinary Technologists and Technicians 610 $12.80 $12.97 $26,970 5.5 %
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses 13,220 $20.05 $20.49 $42,610 2.0 %
29-2071 Medical Records and Health Information Technicians 2,370 $12.73 $14.23 $29,590 2.8 %
29-2081 Opticians, Dispensing 480 $12.86 $14.03 $29,190 11.8 %
29-2091 Orthotists and Prosthetists 140 $21.36 $25.55 $53,150 13.4 %
29-9010 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists and Technicians 750 $24.77 $27.28 $56,740 3.0 %
29-9091 Athletic Trainers 230 (4) (4) $33,400 5.8 %
Healthcare Support Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 63,560 $10.91 $11.66 $24,250 1.3 %
31-1011 Home Health Aides 9,810 $9.43 $9.49 $19,750 1.3 %
31-1012 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 25,970 $10.82 $11.16 $23,220 0.9 %
31-1013 Psychiatric Aides 2,160 $13.78 $13.70 $28,500 6.6 %
31-2011 Occupational Therapist Assistants 440 $18.78 $18.17 $37,790 1.9 %
31-2012 Occupational Therapist Aides 450 $11.97 $13.03 $27,100 3.8 %
31-2021 Physical Therapist Assistants 810 $17.80 $18.48 $38,430 2.4 %
31-2022 Physical Therapist Aides 620 $10.59 $10.75 $22,360 1.9 %
31-9011 Massage Therapists 330 $22.69 $21.22 $44,140 9.9 %
31-9091 Dental Assistants 3,990 $12.53 $13.43 $27,930 6.7 %
31-9092 Medical Assistants 8,440 $12.02 $12.14 $25,240 4.3 %
31-9093 Medical Equipment Preparers 540 $12.46 $12.86 $26,740 1.8 %
31-9094 Medical Transcriptionists 2,070 $14.08 $14.33 $29,810 1.9 %
31-9095 Pharmacy Aides 1,370 $7.15 $7.85 $16,330 2.9 %
31-9096 Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers 910 $9.84 $10.14 $21,080 3.2 %
Protective Service Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 56,960 $15.58 $17.08 $35,520 5.2 %
33-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Correctional Officers 270 $26.05 $26.81 $55,770 1.6 %
33-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Police and Detectives 1,820 $33.41 $34.83 $72,460 3.2 %
33-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Fire Fighting and Prevention Workers 1,030 $25.95 $26.88 $55,900 2.8 %
33-2021 Fire Inspectors and Investigators 180 $21.47 $22.94 $47,710 4.2 %
33-3012 Correctional Officers and Jailers 6,180 $17.69 $19.91 $41,410 4.3 %
33-3021 Detectives and Criminal Investigators 2,260 $26.41 $27.99 $58,210 4.1 %
33-3051 Police and Sheriff's Patrol Officers 13,510 $23.95 $23.46 $48,800 2.4 %
33-9011 Animal Control Workers 60 $15.33 $15.43 $32,090 3.1 %
33-9021 Private Detectives and Investigators 310 $18.09 $19.30 $40,150 7.5 %
33-9032 Security Guards 19,450 $9.19 $9.82 $20,420 2.8 %
33-9091 Crossing Guards 2,790 $6.66 $8.10 $16,840 9.8 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 160,600 $7.73 $8.76 $18,230 2.4 %
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 1,240 $18.37 $19.18 $39,890 4.2 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 10,610 $14.77 $15.05 $31,310 6.4 %
35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food 6,370 $7.52 $7.90 $16,430 3.0 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 4,960 $10.75 $11.06 $23,010 1.5 %
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant 10,160 $9.46 $9.98 $20,750 2.6 %
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order 3,920 $11.26 $10.36 $21,550 8.3 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 17,090 $7.47 $7.93 $16,490 2.0 %
35-3011 Bartenders 9,410 $6.59 $7.82 $16,270 3.9 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 29,390 $7.49 $8.20 $17,050 3.8 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 8,970 $7.23 $7.83 $16,290 7.1 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses 34,710 $6.87 $7.83 $16,280 2.0 %
35-3041 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant 3,270 $7.90 $8.38 $17,420 3.2 %
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 7,120 $6.64 $7.23 $15,040 3.5 %
35-9021 Dishwashers 7,260 $7.51 $7.68 $15,980 1.2 %
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop 4,330 $7.92 $8.25 $17,150 1.5 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 72,950 $10.07 $11.12 $23,130 0.9 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 3,240 $16.34 $17.23 $35,830 1.8 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 1,420 $17.76 $19.66 $40,880 2.8 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 38,940 $9.70 $10.71 $22,270 1.3 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 12,530 $9.03 $9.39 $19,540 1.2 %
37-2021 Pest Control Workers 770 $13.38 $14.05 $29,230 3.0 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 13,890 $10.36 $11.14 $23,160 2.0 %
37-3012 Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation 340 $13.25 $13.78 $28,670 4.6 %
37-3013 Tree Trimmers and Pruners 730 $15.92 $15.88 $33,020 2.3 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 61,690 $8.72 $10.27 $21,360 3.0 %
39-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service Workers 2,370 $14.21 $16.94 $35,230 4.0 %
39-2011 Animal Trainers 210 $10.90 $12.13 $25,220 9.6 %
39-2021 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers 1,630 $7.12 $7.93 $16,490 4.2 %
39-3011 Gaming Dealers (6) $6.75 $8.97 $18,670 3.4 %
39-3021 Motion Picture Projectionists 150 $6.68 $7.89 $16,400 7.0 %
39-3031 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 2,960 $7.64 $8.27 $17,200 4.2 %
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 3,480 $7.02 $7.67 $15,950 3.5 %
39-3093 Locker Room, Coatroom, and Dressing Room Attendants 390 $8.71 $8.94 $18,590 2.0 %
39-4021 Funeral Attendants 380 $10.37 $10.68 $22,220 5.7 %
39-5011 Barbers 610 $6.96 $8.88 $18,470 12.0 %
39-5012 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 10,000 $8.84 $10.17 $21,150 4.0 %
39-5092 Manicurists and Pedicurists 640 $7.41 $8.47 $17,610 3.7 %
39-5093 Shampooers 1,010 $6.44 $6.63 $13,780 2.6 %
39-5094 Skin Care Specialists 300 $10.75 $12.02 $25,000 4.1 %
39-6011 Baggage Porters and Bellhops 540 $8.31 $9.48 $19,720 4.8 %
39-6012 Concierges 400 $9.90 $10.39 $21,610 2.7 %
39-6021 Tour Guides and Escorts 610 $9.18 $9.51 $19,770 5.2 %
39-6022 Travel Guides (6) $15.16 $16.12 $33,530 4.7 %
39-6032 Transportation Attendants, Except Flight Attendants and Baggage Porters 300 $7.85 $8.62 $17,920 5.4 %
39-9011 Child Care Workers 12,380 $7.87 $8.49 $17,670 3.4 %
39-9021 Personal and Home Care Aides 4,500 $8.96 $10.50 $21,840 12.1 %
39-9031 Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors 4,780 $10.65 $12.16 $25,290 5.8 %
39-9032 Recreation Workers 3,770 $9.60 $10.93 $22,740 5.1 %
39-9041 Residential Advisors 4,470 $9.49 $10.69 $22,240 3.6 %
Sales and Related Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 256,570 $10.67 $15.40 $32,030 1.5 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 20,730 $16.15 $18.08 $37,610 1.5 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 6,190 $33.56 $36.64 $76,200 3.2 %
41-2011 Cashiers 70,110 $7.65 $8.41 $17,480 1.4 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 8,560 $8.14 $10.18 $21,170 7.9 %
41-2022 Parts Salespersons 3,100 $13.38 $14.44 $30,040 3.8 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 71,260 $8.75 $10.69 $22,230 1.5 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents 2,110 $24.21 $29.58 $61,540 4.7 %
41-3021 Insurance Sales Agents 6,220 $23.09 $30.43 $63,300 8.3 %
41-3031 Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents 7,960 $18.00 $28.69 $59,680 7.6 %
41-3041 Travel Agents 2,080 $13.46 $15.70 $32,660 7.8 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 7,210 $28.51 $32.39 $67,380 3.2 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 27,070 $21.94 $25.15 $52,310 2.7 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters 1,420 $9.26 $10.46 $21,760 5.0 %
41-9021 Real Estate Brokers 490 $32.25 $40.59 $84,420 14.5 %
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents 1,510 $16.04 $20.32 $42,270 8.9 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers 1,300 $29.48 $30.85 $64,180 4.7 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 9,260 $10.07 $12.05 $25,070 5.8 %
41-9091 Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers (6) $12.52 $14.64 $30,450 9.0 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 452,650 $13.42 $14.27 $29,690 0.8 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 28,480 $20.62 $21.94 $45,630 0.9 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 3,450 $11.02 $11.23 $23,360 1.3 %
43-2021 Telephone Operators 1,030 $13.05 $13.97 $29,070 8.2 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 12,400 $12.89 $13.38 $27,820 1.7 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 10,770 $13.63 $13.97 $29,050 0.7 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 30,700 $14.64 $14.92 $31,030 1.0 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 3,280 $16.08 $16.36 $34,020 1.6 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 1,280 $15.87 $15.71 $32,670 2.4 %
43-3071 Tellers 9,420 $10.14 $10.28 $21,380 1.4 %
43-4011 Brokerage Clerks 2,540 $14.60 $15.07 $31,340 1.9 %
43-4021 Correspondence Clerks 680 $12.71 $13.37 $27,810 2.2 %
43-4031 Court, Municipal, and License Clerks 780 $13.73 $13.55 $28,180 6.9 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 1,040 $13.46 $14.10 $29,330 2.7 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 36,050 $13.25 $14.16 $29,450 1.1 %
43-4071 File Clerks 6,060 $9.36 $9.88 $20,560 2.3 %
43-4081 Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks 1,970 $9.44 $9.75 $20,290 2.7 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan 4,580 $9.89 $10.44 $21,710 3.1 %
43-4121 Library Assistants, Clerical 2,040 $9.97 $10.36 $21,550 2.1 %
43-4131 Loan Interviewers and Clerks 3,430 $14.60 $14.91 $31,020 1.7 %
43-4141 New Accounts Clerks 1,810 $12.94 $12.95 $26,940 2.2 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 5,840 $13.52 $13.87 $28,850 1.5 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 2,880 $15.81 $16.25 $33,800 0.8 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 19,780 $11.45 $11.56 $24,050 1.7 %
43-5011 Cargo and Freight Agents 840 $11.95 $14.07 $29,270 8.8 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 1,630 $10.31 $10.47 $21,770 2.3 %
43-5031 Police, Fire, and Ambulance Dispatchers 1,450 $15.72 $15.94 $33,160 3.1 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 2,240 $16.01 $16.54 $34,410 1.7 %
43-5041 Meter Readers, Utilities 450 $18.70 $18.49 $38,460 2.2 %
43-5051 Postal Service Clerks 1,920 $19.10 $18.73 $38,960 1.6 %
43-5052 Postal Service Mail Carriers 6,690 $19.27 $19.13 $39,790 1.5 %
43-5053 Postal Service Mail Sorters, Processors, and Processing Machine Operators 6,480 $18.68 $17.79 $36,990 2.5 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 5,190 $18.25 $18.93 $39,360 1.2 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 13,230 $12.61 $13.09 $27,230 0.9 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 28,900 $10.02 $11.24 $23,380 1.9 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 1,260 $12.95 $13.30 $27,670 3.4 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 26,610 $16.96 $17.49 $36,390 1.0 %
43-6012 Legal Secretaries 8,420 $17.72 $17.78 $36,980 4.9 %
43-6013 Medical Secretaries 8,290 $12.89 $13.45 $27,970 2.2 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 44,300 $13.48 $13.82 $28,740 1.3 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 3,160 $14.86 $15.27 $31,750 1.7 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 8,010 $11.00 $11.40 $23,720 1.3 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 5,920 $13.29 $13.91 $28,940 1.9 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 550 $16.38 $17.16 $35,700 2.4 %
43-9041 Insurance Claims and Policy Processing Clerks 6,330 $14.44 $15.27 $31,760 1.0 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 5,250 $10.67 $11.13 $23,150 1.5 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 55,880 $11.27 $11.77 $24,480 1.4 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 2,580 $10.45 $11.07 $23,030 2.5 %
43-9081 Proofreaders and Copy Markers 800 $11.99 $11.31 $23,520 4.3 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants 210 $15.03 $15.78 $32,810 3.5 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 2,280 $9.57 $10.65 $22,160 4.4 %
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers 110 $18.25 $18.81 $39,130 2.9 %
45-2011 Agricultural Inspectors 40 $19.11 $18.82 $39,140 3.6 %
45-2041 Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products 960 $8.55 $9.62 $20,000 10.0 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 680 $8.50 $8.99 $18,700 3.3 %
45-2093 Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals 220 $9.96 $9.59 $19,940 5.5 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 85,760 $19.81 $21.15 $43,990 1.3 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 6,150 $27.06 $29.83 $62,050 2.7 %
47-2011 Boilermakers 70 $20.43 $20.72 $43,100 2.9 %
47-2021 Brickmasons and Blockmasons 1,720 $26.97 $26.66 $55,440 4.1 %
47-2022 Stonemasons 180 $23.72 $22.57 $46,940 3.3 %
47-2031 Carpenters 13,630 $20.00 $21.82 $45,380 3.6 %
47-2041 Carpet Installers 500 $16.00 $16.01 $33,300 5.1 %
47-2042 Floor Layers, Except Carpet, Wood, and Hard Tiles 230 $14.61 $17.52 $36,430 9.3 %
47-2043 Floor Sanders and Finishers (6) $14.22 $14.56 $30,280 7.4 %
47-2044 Tile and Marble Setters (6) $19.77 $20.44 $42,510 4.9 %
47-2051 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers 1,920 $21.41 $21.95 $45,660 5.0 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 12,810 $15.92 $16.45 $34,210 2.8 %
47-2071 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 260 $19.03 $20.45 $42,530 4.5 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 4,220 $21.66 $22.12 $46,020 4.0 %
47-2081 Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers 620 $21.28 $21.81 $45,360 5.5 %
47-2082 Tapers 200 $26.24 $25.47 $52,980 4.4 %
47-2111 Electricians 9,890 $23.37 $25.02 $52,050 2.9 %
47-2121 Glaziers 520 $24.04 $23.84 $49,590 7.1 %
47-2130 Insulation Workers 540 $15.83 $18.92 $39,340 4.2 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 3,720 $18.13 $18.84 $39,190 2.9 %
47-2142 Paperhangers 180 $20.42 $20.03 $41,660 5.5 %
47-2151 Pipelayers 700 $20.58 $20.92 $43,520 3.8 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 7,450 $21.95 $23.91 $49,740 3.1 %
47-2161 Plasterers and Stucco Masons 840 $19.07 $21.12 $43,930 13.0 %
47-2171 Reinforcing Iron and Rebar Workers 120 $27.98 $25.81 $53,680 2.9 %
47-2181 Roofers 1,600 $20.02 $20.40 $42,440 10.0 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 2,500 $19.93 $20.47 $42,580 4.2 %
47-2221 Structural Iron and Steel Workers 830 $28.92 $27.02 $56,200 4.0 %
47-3011 Helpers—Brickmasons, Blockmasons, Stonemasons, and Tile and Marble Setters 790 $17.36 $16.94 $35,230 5.4 %
47-3012 Helpers—Carpenters 1,800 $10.28 $11.96 $24,870 7.7 %
47-3013 Helpers—Electricians 1,300 $11.34 $11.89 $24,740 5.1 %
47-3014 Helpers—Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons 300 $11.24 $11.72 $24,390 6.6 %
47-3015 Helpers—Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 1,070 $13.89 $13.87 $28,850 6.2 %
47-3016 Helpers—Roofers 160 $8.74 $10.23 $21,280 9.7 %
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors 1,830 $20.73 $21.50 $44,720 2.8 %
47-4031 Fence Erectors (6) $15.23 $17.06 $35,490 16.2 %
47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 470 $23.98 $22.72 $47,260 3.1 %
47-4051 Highway Maintenance Workers 1,830 $16.24 $16.40 $34,110 2.8 %
47-4071 Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners (6) $13.60 $14.27 $29,670 5.4 %
47-4091 Segmental Pavers (6) $13.17 $14.38 $29,920 4.7 %
47-5021 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas 230 $18.18 $19.34 $40,220 6.1 %
47-5081 Helpers—Extraction Workers 780 $14.46 $16.52 $34,370 12.3 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 83,020 $18.46 $18.78 $39,070 0.8 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 6,440 $25.62 $26.22 $54,540 1.1 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 2,600 $17.00 $17.67 $36,760 2.9 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 2,930 $25.14 $24.16 $50,250 3.4 %
49-2091 Avionics Technicians (6) $21.70 $22.70 $47,220 8.4 %
49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers 410 $17.24 $17.52 $36,440 2.4 %
49-2093 Electrical and Electronics Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment 150 $25.00 $23.96 $49,830 5.0 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 1,400 $21.72 $21.18 $44,060 3.7 %
49-2095 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Powerhouse, Substation, and Relay 330 $27.04 $26.54 $55,200 2.2 %
49-2097 Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Installers and Repairers 770 $13.60 $14.44 $30,030 5.5 %
49-2098 Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers 760 $17.56 $17.90 $37,220 2.9 %
49-3011 Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians 1,150 $23.68 $23.29 $48,430 4.2 %
49-3021 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 3,690 $17.51 $17.73 $36,880 3.2 %
49-3022 Automotive Glass Installers and Repairers (6) $14.13 $13.42 $27,920 11.5 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 12,070 $16.05 $17.03 $35,420 2.9 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 4,470 $19.41 $19.30 $40,130 2.9 %
49-3041 Farm Equipment Mechanics 110 $16.26 $16.17 $33,630 6.1 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 1,620 $20.61 $19.95 $41,500 5.2 %
49-3051 Motorboat Mechanics (6) $15.10 $15.98 $33,240 1.8 %
49-3052 Motorcycle Mechanics 200 $12.58 $13.43 $27,940 3.9 %
49-3053 Outdoor Power Equipment and Other Small Engine Mechanics 410 $11.46 $14.39 $29,930 5.8 %
49-3091 Bicycle Repairers (6) $6.96 $7.65 $15,900 3.6 %
49-3092 Recreational Vehicle Service Technicians 200 $12.11 $12.21 $25,400 5.0 %
49-3093 Tire Repairers and Changers 480 $10.46 $10.99 $22,860 5.9 %
49-9011 Mechanical Door Repairers (6) $18.39 $18.49 $38,460 6.4 %
49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door 500 $25.33 $24.17 $50,270 5.5 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 5,630 $21.11 $21.95 $45,660 2.3 %
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers 390 $15.12 $15.76 $32,790 5.7 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 3,410 $19.76 $19.86 $41,300 1.9 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 20,130 $16.40 $16.25 $33,800 1.1 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 1,170 $18.95 $19.38 $40,310 2.4 %
49-9044 Millwrights 530 $21.25 $22.06 $45,890 2.6 %
49-9051 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 910 $26.26 $26.48 $55,080 3.6 %
49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers 1,250 $19.98 $20.70 $43,070 4.0 %
49-9061 Camera and Photographic Equipment Repairers (6) $19.11 $17.56 $36,530 5.4 %
49-9062 Medical Equipment Repairers 320 $16.92 $17.58 $36,560 7.7 %
49-9063 Musical Instrument Repairers and Tuners 40 $15.00 $16.66 $34,660 8.2 %
49-9064 Watch Repairers (6) $14.68 $14.06 $29,250 3.4 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers 560 $12.03 $12.21 $25,390 8.3 %
49-9094 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers 200 $14.94 $15.16 $31,520 5.8 %
49-9096 Riggers 120 $20.65 $20.38 $42,390 3.3 %
49-9098 Helpers—Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 3,220 $11.42 $13.22 $27,490 5.4 %
Production Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 143,270 $14.08 $15.27 $31,770 1.0 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 11,650 $23.87 $24.99 $51,980 1.2 %
51-2021 Coil Winders, Tapers, and Finishers 700 $12.07 $12.20 $25,380 1.5 %
51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 4,460 $12.29 $13.38 $27,830 2.8 %
51-2023 Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers 560 $16.32 $16.66 $34,650 5.1 %
51-2031 Engine and Other Machine Assemblers 240 $14.75 $15.27 $31,760 4.2 %
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters 1,330 $16.92 $16.82 $34,990 1.8 %
51-2091 Fiberglass Laminators and Fabricators 540 $12.64 $13.16 $27,380 3.8 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 11,840 $11.35 $12.14 $25,250 3.0 %
51-2093 Timing Device Assemblers, Adjusters, and Calibrators 80 $12.62 $14.00 $29,110 10.7 %
51-3011 Bakers 3,340 $12.12 $12.30 $25,580 3.6 %
51-3021 Butchers and Meat Cutters 1,880 $16.88 $16.04 $33,370 2.3 %
51-3022 Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers 2,130 $10.56 $10.93 $22,720 2.2 %
51-3023 Slaughterers and Meat Packers 950 $10.08 $10.33 $21,490 4.3 %
51-3091 Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders 340 $12.22 $12.22 $25,410 3.3 %
51-3092 Food Batchmakers 2,340 $11.46 $11.88 $24,710 8.6 %
51-3093 Food Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders 470 $13.37 $13.73 $28,560 8.2 %
51-4011 Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic 2,260 $16.64 $16.91 $35,180 4.4 %
51-4012 Numerical Tool and Process Control Programmers 250 $18.77 $18.67 $38,830 12.1 %
51-4021 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 970 $16.56 $16.07 $33,420 3.8 %
51-4022 Forging Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 360 $15.27 $15.22 $31,660 3.6 %
51-4023 Rolling Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 490 $15.80 $15.03 $31,260 4.4 %
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 2,310 $13.92 $14.21 $29,560 2.5 %
51-4032 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 520 $17.06 $17.03 $35,420 3.2 %
51-4033 Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 1,200 $15.97 $15.69 $32,640 2.7 %
51-4034 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 860 $16.98 $16.79 $34,930 2.1 %
51-4035 Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 420 $17.26 $17.52 $36,430 4.6 %
51-4041 Machinists 5,370 $17.03 $17.32 $36,030 1.4 %
51-4051 Metal-Refining Furnace Operators and Tenders 210 $18.07 $17.73 $36,880 3.0 %
51-4052 Pourers and Casters, Metal 80 $15.79 $15.59 $32,430 3.2 %
51-4061 Model Makers, Metal and Plastic (6) $17.42 $18.19 $37,830 2.0 %
51-4062 Patternmakers, Metal and Plastic 80 $19.13 $18.45 $38,380 15.0 %
51-4071 Foundry Mold and Coremakers 60 $13.51 $14.41 $29,960 3.8 %
51-4072 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 1,250 $13.55 $13.94 $29,000 4.0 %
51-4081 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 690 $15.21 $15.89 $33,050 3.1 %
51-4111 Tool and Die Makers 1,200 $18.90 $18.96 $39,440 2.3 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 3,080 $15.95 $16.70 $34,730 3.7 %
51-4122 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 690 $15.24 $17.13 $35,630 7.7 %
51-4191 Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 330 $14.12 $14.91 $31,010 6.6 %
51-4192 Lay-Out Workers, Metal and Plastic 190 $16.96 $19.04 $39,610 6.5 %
51-4193 Plating and Coating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 340 $13.92 $14.05 $29,230 3.8 %
51-4194 Tool Grinders, Filers, and Sharpeners 250 $12.52 $13.37 $27,800 5.2 %
51-5011 Bindery Workers 1,780 $10.81 $12.00 $24,960 3.1 %
51-5012 Bookbinders 180 $12.61 $13.28 $27,620 10.2 %
51-5021 Job Printers 1,630 $17.23 $18.69 $38,870 4.7 %
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers 1,540 $17.99 $18.59 $38,660 3.3 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 4,380 $15.73 $16.06 $33,400 2.6 %
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 2,980 $8.73 $9.33 $19,400 3.0 %
51-6021 Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 660 $8.97 $9.11 $18,950 3.3 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators 2,930 $9.00 $9.60 $19,970 2.3 %
51-6041 Shoe and Leather Workers and Repairers 100 $10.50 $11.00 $22,880 6.5 %
51-6051 Sewers, Hand 130 $8.74 $9.62 $20,010 5.8 %
51-6052 Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers 590 $13.38 $13.89 $28,880 4.1 %
51-6061 Textile Bleaching and Dyeing Machine Operators and Tenders 180 $10.89 $11.62 $24,170 3.3 %
51-6062 Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 460 $10.94 $11.27 $23,440 7.1 %
51-6063 Textile Knitting and Weaving Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 200 $11.20 $10.94 $22,750 6.6 %
51-6064 Textile Winding, Twisting, and Drawing Out Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 400 $8.55 $8.79 $18,290 4.1 %
51-6091 Extruding and Forming Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Synthetic and Glass Fibers 150 $13.05 $13.40 $27,860 2.8 %
51-6093 Upholsterers 890 $6.82 $9.86 $20,510 17.2 %
51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 1,700 $17.57 $16.45 $34,220 4.2 %
51-7021 Furniture Finishers 440 $15.42 $15.28 $31,780 3.5 %
51-7041 Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood 130 $12.86 $13.37 $27,810 3.5 %
51-7042 Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing 750 $11.80 $13.01 $27,070 7.9 %
51-8012 Power Distributors and Dispatchers 170 $26.03 $28.62 $59,530 6.8 %
51-8013 Power Plant Operators 480 $24.18 $24.71 $51,390 2.3 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 640 $19.98 $21.02 $43,730 2.6 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 1,340 $18.56 $18.77 $39,040 1.9 %
51-8091 Chemical Plant and System Operators 1,360 $23.75 $22.45 $46,700 2.9 %
51-8092 Gas Plant Operators 50 $25.30 $24.56 $51,090 4.3 %
51-8093 Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, and Gaugers 800 $27.05 $26.67 $55,470 3.1 %
51-9011 Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders 2,480 $21.20 $22.05 $45,870 9.7 %
51-9012 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 390 $16.20 $16.53 $34,380 4.0 %
51-9021 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 550 $16.44 $16.25 $33,810 4.3 %
51-9022 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 370 $15.79 $15.51 $32,260 2.9 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 1,880 $15.53 $16.05 $33,390 1.7 %
51-9031 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 270 $9.76 $10.25 $21,320 5.4 %
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 950 $13.54 $13.82 $28,750 1.7 %
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 980 $13.93 $14.11 $29,340 4.6 %
51-9051 Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders 250 $15.17 $14.96 $31,110 3.0 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 7,500 $15.09 $16.10 $33,490 2.0 %
51-9071 Jewelers and Precious Stone and Metal Workers 290 $17.54 $16.79 $34,920 3.6 %
51-9081 Dental Laboratory Technicians 680 $14.86 $15.27 $31,770 13.2 %
51-9082 Medical Appliance Technicians 270 $13.00 $14.46 $30,070 7.2 %
51-9083 Ophthalmic Laboratory Technicians 420 $10.63 $11.28 $23,460 5.2 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 6,700 $10.99 $11.84 $24,620 2.2 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 1,100 $14.80 $15.05 $31,310 2.4 %
51-9122 Painters, Transportation Equipment 680 $16.72 $17.46 $36,320 3.0 %
51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers 350 $12.93 $14.33 $29,810 7.5 %
51-9131 Photographic Process Workers 280 $12.57 $13.60 $28,290 5.3 %
51-9132 Photographic Processing Machine Operators 1,060 $7.76 $8.68 $18,050 3.5 %
51-9141 Semiconductor Processors 100 $12.63 $13.06 $27,170 3.0 %
51-9191 Cementing and Gluing Machine Operators and Tenders 380 $14.16 $13.76 $28,630 3.0 %
51-9192 Cleaning, Washing, and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 350 $14.63 $14.80 $30,790 2.9 %
51-9194 Etchers and Engravers 160 $9.07 $11.31 $23,520 10.8 %
51-9195 Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic 580 $12.79 $13.69 $28,470 5.4 %
51-9196 Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 1,370 $14.61 $14.82 $30,820 2.7 %
51-9197 Tire Builders 100 $12.59 $12.44 $25,880 3.3 %
51-9198 Helpers—Production Workers 7,060 $10.52 $11.18 $23,250 2.1 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 158,380 $12.59 $14.08 $29,280 2.5 %
53-1011 Aircraft Cargo Handling Supervisors 260 $24.72 $25.86 $53,790 8.1 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 2,820 $20.11 $20.76 $43,170 1.6 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 3,230 $23.85 $24.46 $50,880 1.7 %
53-2012 Commercial Pilots 400 (4) (4) $66,890 7.5 %
53-2021 Air Traffic Controllers 120 $56.35 $51.40 $106,920 2.9 %
53-2022 Airfield Operations Specialists 90 $16.80 $17.94 $37,310 8.4 %
53-3011 Ambulance Drivers and Attendants, Except Emergency Medical Technicians 860 $6.78 $7.56 $15,720 6.0 %
53-3021 Bus Drivers, Transit and Intercity 4,910 $17.57 $15.93 $33,120 6.7 %
53-3022 Bus Drivers, School 10,060 $12.07 $11.73 $24,400 5.4 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 6,500 $7.65 $10.42 $21,660 5.5 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 22,840 $18.55 $18.74 $38,980 1.4 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light Or Delivery Services 20,070 $12.69 $13.42 $27,920 2.7 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 2,740 $9.06 $9.67 $20,110 2.6 %
53-4013 Rail Yard Engineers, Dinkey Operators, and Hostlers (6) $16.16 $17.14 $35,640 6.0 %
53-5021 Captains, Mates, and Pilots of Water Vessels 210 $25.20 $25.47 $52,990 5.0 %
53-5022 Motorboat Operators (6) $8.73 $10.95 $22,770 21.1 %
53-6021 Parking Lot Attendants 2,290 $7.26 $7.74 $16,090 2.3 %
53-6031 Service Station Attendants 1,940 $7.89 $8.07 $16,770 2.1 %
53-6051 Transportation Inspectors 540 $20.64 $21.67 $45,060 10.6 %
53-7011 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 290 $13.61 $14.18 $29,490 2.3 %
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators 510 $18.99 $20.34 $42,300 3.9 %
53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators 650 $17.69 $18.59 $38,670 4.6 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 8,800 $13.85 $14.44 $30,030 1.2 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 4,600 $8.51 $9.07 $18,870 2.1 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 36,950 $11.29 $12.05 $25,070 1.7 %
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 2,190 $12.10 $12.45 $25,890 2.2 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 14,650 $9.19 $9.69 $20,160 1.8 %
53-7121 Tank Car, Truck, and Ship Loaders 160 $20.21 $19.98 $41,570 11.0 %

About May 2003 National, State, and Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Hourly wage rates for occupations where workers typically work fewer than 2,080 hours per year are not available.

(5) This wage is equal to or greater than $70.00 per hour or $145,600 per year.

(6) Estimates not released.



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State estimates for:


Pennsylvania's metropolitan area estimates:

New Jersey's metropolitan area estimates:

May 2003 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2003 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2003 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2003 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: May 7, 2004

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