Occupational Employment Statistics

May 2003 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Richmond-Petersburg, VA MSA


For metropolitan area definitions used by the OES survey, see the MSA definitions page.

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors in the Richmond-Petersburg, VA MSA, a metropolitan statistical area in Virginia. These and other data elements, including the 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages are available in the downloadable Excel files (XLS).

Links to OES estimates for other areas and States

SOC Major Groups in the Richmond-Petersburg, VA MSA:

Click on the SOC code number to view an occupational profile.

All Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 541,950 $13.98 $17.57 $36,540 1.4 %
Management Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 26,270 $35.18 $40.48 $84,190 1.8 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 1,560 $61.12 $64.38 $133,910 4.0 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 7,490 $35.70 $42.80 $89,010 1.9 %
11-1031 Legislators 30 $17.00 $27.24 $56,650 24.6 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 200 $26.38 $30.35 $63,130 6.8 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 810 $41.68 $47.20 $98,180 5.8 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 1,450 $34.42 $40.20 $83,610 5.6 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 190 $32.83 $35.90 $74,670 4.4 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 890 $28.51 $30.32 $63,060 3.4 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 1,180 $44.68 $47.58 $98,960 2.8 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 1,930 $42.03 $46.32 $96,350 4.9 %
11-3040 Human Resources Managers 710 $35.13 $37.69 $78,390 2.6 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 520 $35.48 $38.94 $81,000 6.6 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 390 $30.24 $32.58 $67,760 5.0 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 320 $28.48 $31.51 $65,530 3.6 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 1,090 $30.70 $35.41 $73,660 4.7 %
11-9031 Education Administrators, Preschool and Child Care Center/Program 340 $14.69 $17.50 $36,400 5.4 %
11-9032 Education Administrators, Elementary and Secondary School 790 (4) (4) $70,500 1.9 %
11-9033 Education Administrators, Postsecondary 330 $43.54 $48.44 $100,750 6.7 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 580 $40.64 $41.82 $86,990 3.9 %
11-9051 Food Service Managers 1,010 $20.47 $20.55 $42,740 4.6 %
11-9081 Lodging Managers 130 $17.35 $18.70 $38,900 6.6 %
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 770 $31.98 $34.54 $71,850 4.9 %
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers 190 $42.09 $45.32 $94,260 5.8 %
11-9131 Postmasters and Mail Superintendents 50 $26.19 $27.56 $57,320 1.2 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 600 $15.92 $19.89 $41,370 8.9 %
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers 420 $25.48 $26.79 $55,720 4.6 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 30,880 $23.22 $25.40 $52,830 1.5 %
13-1021 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products (6) $22.58 $22.98 $47,800 2.4 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 380 $20.37 $23.61 $49,100 4.6 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 1,660 $23.22 $24.44 $50,830 2.4 %
13-1031 Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 1,560 $21.11 $22.15 $46,060 3.6 %
13-1032 Insurance Appraisers, Auto Damage 140 $21.70 $22.07 $45,900 5.0 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 820 $19.67 $21.24 $44,190 3.3 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 770 $21.88 $23.78 $49,450 2.4 %
13-1061 Emergency Management Specialists 50 $24.83 $27.45 $57,090 8.1 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 600 $20.15 $23.41 $48,700 7.7 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 360 $22.09 $24.34 $50,640 2.9 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 1,360 $21.94 $23.03 $47,890 2.2 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 3,870 $27.40 $30.29 $62,990 3.7 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 210 $16.46 $17.62 $36,640 3.8 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 5,400 $23.95 $26.22 $54,540 2.9 %
13-2021 Appraisers and Assessors of Real Estate 470 $18.17 $19.92 $41,430 4.0 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 300 $26.09 $26.27 $54,640 1.6 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 480 $26.84 $31.59 $65,710 4.9 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 1,430 $26.85 $29.57 $61,500 3.1 %
13-2052 Personal Financial Advisors 470 $25.65 $34.56 $71,880 11.7 %
13-2053 Insurance Underwriters 630 $20.60 $22.16 $46,080 2.8 %
13-2071 Loan Counselors (6) $16.82 $17.79 $37,000 4.7 %
13-2072 Loan Officers 1,600 $17.85 $21.33 $44,360 5.0 %
13-2081 Tax Examiners, Collectors, and Revenue Agents 520 $20.47 $22.18 $46,140 6.0 %
13-2082 Tax Preparers 410 $16.28 $15.89 $33,040 11.6 %
Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 16,000 $27.95 $29.20 $60,740 1.4 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 2,180 $26.25 $28.66 $59,610 4.5 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 2,260 $30.40 $32.02 $66,600 4.0 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 1,470 $32.90 $33.52 $69,730 3.0 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 2,590 $20.26 $22.07 $45,900 3.0 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 3,060 $30.14 $29.98 $62,360 1.9 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 470 $29.37 $30.50 $63,430 3.6 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 1,680 $29.49 $30.21 $62,830 2.1 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 1,010 $26.94 $28.17 $58,590 2.7 %
15-2011 Actuaries 60 $30.14 $33.00 $68,640 5.6 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 410 $31.54 $32.40 $67,390 2.7 %
15-2041 Statisticians 180 $25.80 $26.41 $54,940 7.4 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 9,010 $25.53 $27.01 $56,170 2.7 %
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval 550 $25.60 $27.02 $56,200 4.7 %
17-1012 Landscape Architects 40 $28.38 $25.71 $53,480 9.9 %
17-1021 Cartographers and Photogrammetrists (6) $22.40 $24.15 $50,230 3.8 %
17-1022 Surveyors 250 $13.83 $16.15 $33,600 6.3 %
17-2041 Chemical Engineers 240 $34.62 $34.10 $70,930 3.4 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 1,430 $28.54 $29.79 $61,970 3.1 %
17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers 160 $27.99 $30.02 $62,430 5.0 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 1,000 $26.76 $28.39 $59,050 4.3 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 270 $34.05 $37.16 $77,280 8.0 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 320 $24.46 $25.89 $53,850 4.2 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 210 $26.40 $28.16 $58,570 3.4 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 440 $26.83 $27.94 $58,110 4.5 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 390 $31.15 $31.69 $65,910 2.9 %
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters 230 $17.54 $18.13 $37,710 3.4 %
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters 90 $17.32 $17.39 $36,180 3.3 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 240 $17.32 $20.10 $41,800 8.2 %
17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians 510 $17.56 $17.87 $37,160 2.4 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 490 $19.16 $19.51 $40,570 6.5 %
17-3024 Electro-Mechanical Technicians 60 $20.48 $20.51 $42,670 3.8 %
17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technicians 70 $18.52 $21.16 $44,010 14.7 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 100 $19.30 $20.46 $42,560 4.7 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 170 $18.36 $19.35 $40,250 4.0 %
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 170 $13.94 $14.16 $29,460 3.2 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 5,260 $22.83 $25.11 $52,230 3.8 %
19-1010 Agricultural and Food Scientists 40 $31.48 $30.66 $63,770 2.0 %
19-1022 Microbiologists 40 $20.10 $22.48 $46,760 13.8 %
19-1031 Conservation Scientists (6) $25.91 $25.72 $53,500 2.5 %
19-1042 Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists 90 $32.69 $42.79 $89,000 13.7 %
19-2031 Chemists 480 $23.29 $28.29 $58,840 10.2 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 390 $20.41 $21.46 $44,630 2.0 %
19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers 40 $26.33 $32.07 $66,710 11.3 %
19-3011 Economists 170 $30.83 $31.66 $65,840 5.3 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 1,060 $26.89 $27.66 $57,530 2.4 %
19-3022 Survey Researchers (6) $14.78 $17.08 $35,530 15.1 %
19-3031 Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists 500 $25.43 $26.17 $54,420 3.6 %
19-3051 Urban and Regional Planners 220 $22.72 $24.16 $50,240 3.0 %
19-3093 Historians 40 $20.42 $24.01 $49,940 4.0 %
19-4021 Biological Technicians 90 $13.52 $14.82 $30,830 7.8 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 510 $22.34 $21.44 $44,590 3.7 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health 120 $14.75 $15.67 $32,590 4.4 %
19-4092 Forensic Science Technicians 40 $17.18 $17.40 $36,200 1.8 %
Community and Social Services Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 6,450 $15.94 $16.97 $35,310 3.0 %
21-1011 Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors 140 $13.02 $14.59 $30,340 5.0 %
21-1012 Educational, Vocational, and School Counselors 610 $23.68 $23.39 $48,660 2.2 %
21-1014 Mental Health Counselors 320 $15.97 $16.99 $35,340 5.1 %
21-1015 Rehabilitation Counselors 730 $13.10 $14.62 $30,400 6.3 %
21-1021 Child, Family, and School Social Workers 710 $17.28 $17.85 $37,140 4.1 %
21-1022 Medical and Public Health Social Workers 290 $16.75 $18.15 $37,750 2.6 %
21-1023 Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers 290 $16.92 $19.04 $39,610 4.6 %
21-1091 Health Educators 170 $18.51 $19.73 $41,030 4.0 %
21-1092 Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists 650 $16.33 $16.92 $35,180 1.5 %
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants 900 $10.83 $11.90 $24,760 4.2 %
21-2011 Clergy 160 $19.84 $20.63 $42,920 7.4 %
21-2021 Directors, Religious Activities and Education (6) $18.03 $17.73 $36,880 5.6 %
Legal Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 4,970 $24.27 $32.00 $66,560 5.8 %
23-1011 Lawyers 2,920 $34.66 $41.90 $87,160 4.3 %
23-1021 Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers 130 $22.32 $25.57 $53,180 5.0 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 1,280 $13.83 $16.41 $34,140 3.6 %
23-2092 Law Clerks 90 $18.08 $18.93 $39,380 5.1 %
23-2093 Title Examiners, Abstractors, and Searchers 140 $15.86 $18.22 $37,900 12.1 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 30,500 $19.25 $19.90 $41,400 4.5 %
25-1011 Business Teachers, Postsecondary 470 (4) (4) $59,250 11.8 %
25-1021 Computer Science Teachers, Postsecondary 450 (4) (4) $53,120 9.1 %
25-1022 Mathematical Science Teachers, Postsecondary 180 (4) (4) $43,670 5.5 %
25-1032 Engineering Teachers, Postsecondary 90 (4) (4) $60,030 2.3 %
25-1052 Chemistry Teachers, Postsecondary 80 (4) (4) $63,950 6.2 %
25-1063 Economics Teachers, Postsecondary 50 (4) (4) $69,730 3.8 %
25-1065 Political Science Teachers, Postsecondary 60 (4) (4) $63,180 2.9 %
25-1066 Psychology Teachers, Postsecondary 170 (4) (4) $48,480 8.5 %
25-1067 Sociology Teachers, Postsecondary 40 (4) (4) $47,070 2.9 %
25-1072 Nursing Instructors and Teachers, Postsecondary 170 (4) (4) $55,780 7.5 %
25-1081 Education Teachers, Postsecondary 210 (4) (4) $47,130 10.7 %
25-1111 Criminal Justice and Law Enforcement Teachers, Postsecondary 60 (4) (4) $46,980 10.8 %
25-1112 Law Teachers, Postsecondary 40 (4) (4) $78,480 21.2 %
25-1122 Communications Teachers, Postsecondary 50 (4) (4) $52,970 9.0 %
25-1123 English Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary 210 (4) (4) $42,590 6.7 %
25-1124 Foreign Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary 110 (4) (4) $49,020 3.3 %
25-1125 History Teachers, Postsecondary 80 (4) (4) $47,000 10.3 %
25-1126 Philosophy and Religion Teachers, Postsecondary 60 (4) (4) $54,270 6.4 %
25-1194 Vocational Education Teachers, Postsecondary (6) $19.72 $21.58 $44,890 4.5 %
25-2011 Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education 1,840 $8.00 $8.54 $17,770 3.6 %
25-2021 Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education 4,050 (4) (4) $45,630 2.8 %
25-2022 Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Vocational Education 2,030 (4) (4) $45,960 3.3 %
25-2023 Vocational Education Teachers, Middle School (6) (4) (4) $39,580 2.3 %
25-2031 Secondary School Teachers, Except Special and Vocational Education 3,940 (4) (4) $47,870 1.8 %
25-2032 Vocational Education Teachers, Secondary School 570 (4) (4) $44,610 6.5 %
25-2041 Special Education Teachers, Preschool, Kindergarten, and Elementary School 910 (4) (4) $46,030 3.9 %
25-2042 Special Education Teachers, Middle School 450 (4) (4) $44,570 3.1 %
25-2043 Special Education Teachers, Secondary School 350 (4) (4) $45,630 2.9 %
25-3011 Adult Literacy, Remedial Education, and Ged Teachers and Instructors (6) $18.66 $18.07 $37,580 3.1 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 700 $10.49 $11.62 $24,170 3.6 %
25-4010 Archivists, Curators, and Museum Technicians 90 $17.92 $19.83 $41,250 2.8 %
25-4021 Librarians 690 $23.17 $23.36 $48,590 3.5 %
25-4031 Library Technicians 340 $12.30 $12.64 $26,290 6.0 %
25-9021 Farm and Home Management Advisors 50 $24.38 $23.06 $47,970 3.2 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 370 $26.08 $25.10 $52,220 2.5 %
25-9041 Teacher Assistants 3,690 (4) (4) $19,970 3.5 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 5,900 $17.00 $20.26 $42,140 4.3 %
27-1011 Art Directors 60 $28.43 $30.89 $64,240 7.4 %
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators 70 $20.35 $21.77 $45,290 4.0 %
27-1023 Floral Designers 160 $10.09 $10.48 $21,800 3.6 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 950 $20.25 $20.93 $43,520 4.6 %
27-1025 Interior Designers 160 $16.16 $19.00 $39,520 7.4 %
27-1026 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 150 $9.30 $10.91 $22,700 5.6 %
27-1027 Set and Exhibit Designers 30 $13.64 $14.53 $30,220 4.3 %
27-2012 Producers and Directors 190 (4) (4) $45,400 9.2 %
27-2022 Coaches and Scouts 450 (4) (4) $34,440 16.6 %
27-2031 Dancers 90 $15.33 $19.44 $40,420 25.0 %
27-2032 Choreographers (6) $30.57 $28.66 $59,610 12.3 %
27-2042 Musicians and Singers 270 (4) (4) $34,210 28.7 %
27-3010 Announcers 210 $10.83 $16.67 $34,680 12.9 %
27-3020 News Analysts, Reporters and Correspondents 160 $16.64 $21.36 $44,430 10.8 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 710 $20.87 $22.99 $47,810 3.2 %
27-3041 Editors 380 $13.52 $17.46 $36,310 7.7 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 180 $24.60 $24.66 $51,290 4.2 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 140 $21.69 $22.87 $47,570 4.8 %
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators 40 $19.27 $19.96 $41,510 10.4 %
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians 100 $16.46 $17.27 $35,910 2.9 %
27-4012 Broadcast Technicians 160 $11.34 $12.69 $26,400 4.7 %
27-4021 Photographers 190 $12.38 $12.88 $26,800 6.4 %
27-4031 Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Picture 70 $12.14 $13.90 $28,900 6.2 %
27-4032 Film and Video Editors 50 $10.93 $14.81 $30,810 12.6 %
Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 27,790 $20.82 $26.57 $55,270 7.9 %
29-1011 Chiropractors 50 $16.78 $55.69 $115,830 29.2 %
29-1020 Dentists 280 $42.68 $48.99 $101,890 15.2 %
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists 140 $20.86 $22.76 $47,330 4.2 %
29-1041 Optometrists 130 $43.80 $47.28 $98,340 12.8 %
29-1051 Pharmacists 1,040 $37.72 $36.45 $75,810 1.7 %
29-1062 Family and General Practitioners 650 $43.64 $46.17 $96,030 10.3 %
29-1064 Obstetricians and Gynecologists (6) (5) $97.19 $202,150 8.3 %
29-1066 Psychiatrists 50 $59.89 $64.20 $133,540 16.0 %
29-1067 Surgeons (6) (5) $75.88 $157,840 20.7 %
29-1071 Physician Assistants 80 $33.15 $32.00 $66,570 3.6 %
29-1081 Podiatrists 40 $51.78 $52.15 $108,470 13.3 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 10,350 $21.94 $23.05 $47,950 1.5 %
29-1122 Occupational Therapists 300 $27.63 $29.46 $61,290 3.1 %
29-1123 Physical Therapists 480 $27.45 $29.77 $61,920 4.1 %
29-1125 Recreational Therapists 80 $13.96 $15.07 $31,350 3.8 %
29-1126 Respiratory Therapists 310 $19.70 $19.94 $41,480 2.5 %
29-1127 Speech-Language Pathologists 340 $25.15 $26.27 $54,630 2.4 %
29-1131 Veterinarians 150 $35.38 $40.65 $84,560 11.7 %
29-2011 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 730 $19.64 $20.20 $42,020 3.2 %
29-2012 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 520 $12.06 $12.72 $26,460 2.5 %
29-2021 Dental Hygienists 650 $29.43 $25.69 $53,430 19.2 %
29-2031 Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians 140 $15.79 $15.96 $33,200 2.4 %
29-2032 Diagnostic Medical Sonographers 120 $23.82 $24.42 $50,800 3.7 %
29-2033 Nuclear Medicine Technologists 50 $22.07 $22.59 $46,990 3.1 %
29-2034 Radiologic Technologists and Technicians 860 $19.50 $19.78 $41,140 2.4 %
29-2041 Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics 330 $11.76 $12.12 $25,210 2.8 %
29-2051 Dietetic Technicians 100 $8.49 $8.80 $18,310 4.0 %
29-2052 Pharmacy Technicians 1,280 $10.03 $10.68 $22,200 3.2 %
29-2053 Psychiatric Technicians 820 $9.58 $9.87 $20,530 2.8 %
29-2055 Surgical Technologists 350 $15.52 $15.89 $33,050 1.8 %
29-2056 Veterinary Technologists and Technicians 110 $13.43 $13.69 $28,470 2.6 %
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses 3,410 $16.34 $16.94 $35,230 2.0 %
29-2071 Medical Records and Health Information Technicians 380 $12.22 $13.22 $27,490 4.5 %
29-2081 Opticians, Dispensing 100 $13.64 $14.35 $29,840 4.3 %
29-9010 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists and Technicians 240 $22.09 $22.67 $47,150 2.7 %
29-9091 Athletic Trainers 50 (4) (4) $28,310 7.1 %
Healthcare Support Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 12,780 $10.18 $10.70 $22,260 1.8 %
31-1011 Home Health Aides 2,150 $8.15 $8.59 $17,860 4.4 %
31-1012 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 5,040 $9.87 $9.99 $20,790 1.5 %
31-1013 Psychiatric Aides (6) $11.95 $11.76 $24,460 4.6 %
31-2011 Occupational Therapist Assistants 110 $16.70 $17.15 $35,680 3.0 %
31-2021 Physical Therapist Assistants 230 $18.08 $18.01 $37,450 4.3 %
31-2022 Physical Therapist Aides 230 $9.89 $10.13 $21,070 2.2 %
31-9011 Massage Therapists (6) $12.03 $16.84 $35,020 13.8 %
31-9091 Dental Assistants 1,250 $13.13 $13.07 $27,180 4.2 %
31-9092 Medical Assistants 1,510 $11.50 $11.91 $24,770 4.2 %
31-9093 Medical Equipment Preparers 150 $9.73 $10.11 $21,030 3.2 %
31-9094 Medical Transcriptionists 560 $12.25 $12.57 $26,140 4.3 %
31-9095 Pharmacy Aides 230 $8.26 $8.68 $18,050 4.8 %
31-9096 Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers 390 $8.54 $8.75 $18,190 5.0 %
Protective Service Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 13,270 $14.20 $15.44 $32,120 4.2 %
33-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Correctional Officers 480 $18.66 $20.58 $42,810 2.9 %
33-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Police and Detectives 560 $27.33 $28.38 $59,030 2.7 %
33-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Fire Fighting and Prevention Workers 370 $27.10 $28.05 $58,340 3.5 %
33-2011 Fire Fighters 1,230 $16.80 $18.14 $37,740 3.4 %
33-3011 Bailiffs 40 $15.00 $15.05 $31,310 2.9 %
33-3012 Correctional Officers and Jailers 2,370 $14.02 $15.00 $31,200 4.1 %
33-3021 Detectives and Criminal Investigators 250 $25.52 $26.08 $54,240 6.1 %
33-3051 Police and Sheriff's Patrol Officers 2,380 $17.59 $18.29 $38,050 3.6 %
33-9011 Animal Control Workers 60 $15.71 $16.39 $34,090 3.8 %
33-9021 Private Detectives and Investigators 90 $23.52 $19.64 $40,840 10.6 %
33-9032 Security Guards 4,180 $9.06 $10.17 $21,160 3.0 %
33-9091 Crossing Guards 80 $10.12 $10.82 $22,510 4.5 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 36,430 $7.45 $8.35 $17,380 1.5 %
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 680 $13.17 $14.78 $30,730 4.2 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 2,650 $13.82 $14.20 $29,530 2.9 %
35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food 1,770 $7.25 $7.46 $15,510 5.0 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 1,090 $8.92 $9.06 $18,850 3.5 %
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant 2,360 $10.17 $10.25 $21,330 2.0 %
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order 610 $6.80 $7.27 $15,130 5.1 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 2,420 $8.03 $8.47 $17,610 4.3 %
35-3011 Bartenders 940 $7.50 $8.51 $17,700 5.6 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 9,240 $6.81 $7.28 $15,140 2.2 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 1,600 $7.80 $8.17 $17,000 3.0 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses 8,020 $6.63 $7.39 $15,380 3.1 %
35-3041 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant 660 $8.37 $8.83 $18,370 3.4 %
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 1,170 $6.89 $7.00 $14,550 3.0 %
35-9021 Dishwashers 1,720 $6.93 $6.99 $14,540 2.0 %
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop 1,410 $7.11 $7.14 $14,840 2.1 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 18,780 $8.42 $9.18 $19,090 2.1 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 1,030 $14.06 $15.91 $33,090 6.0 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 410 $14.02 $15.61 $32,460 3.7 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 10,530 $7.83 $8.23 $17,110 2.7 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 3,300 $7.92 $8.02 $16,680 1.2 %
37-2021 Pest Control Workers 260 $15.06 $14.95 $31,090 4.7 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 2,820 $9.62 $9.85 $20,490 2.0 %
37-3012 Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation 60 $13.27 $13.32 $27,700 2.9 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 11,610 $8.90 $10.32 $21,460 4.0 %
39-1011 Gaming Supervisors 30 $15.54 $15.03 $31,270 7.0 %
39-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service Workers 460 $14.90 $16.61 $34,550 4.0 %
39-2021 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers 570 $7.96 $8.71 $18,120 8.4 %
39-3031 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 410 $6.48 $6.63 $13,780 3.3 %
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 690 $6.75 $7.39 $15,370 4.1 %
39-3093 Locker Room, Coatroom, and Dressing Room Attendants 60 $8.07 $8.18 $17,020 2.0 %
39-4011 Embalmers 80 $16.29 $17.07 $35,500 11.6 %
39-4021 Funeral Attendants 160 $8.77 $8.99 $18,690 3.5 %
39-5011 Barbers (6) $10.59 $13.62 $28,330 7.2 %
39-5012 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists (6) $10.46 $11.04 $22,960 4.2 %
39-5092 Manicurists and Pedicurists 130 $8.53 $8.99 $18,690 3.8 %
39-5093 Shampooers 90 $6.51 $6.65 $13,820 2.9 %
39-5094 Skin Care Specialists 80 $10.52 $11.95 $24,850 3.7 %
39-6011 Baggage Porters and Bellhops 210 $11.52 $14.51 $30,180 16.5 %
39-6012 Concierges (6) $8.95 $9.08 $18,890 2.4 %
39-6021 Tour Guides and Escorts 320 $7.53 $8.84 $18,390 8.4 %
39-9011 Child Care Workers 1,570 $7.73 $7.97 $16,580 3.5 %
39-9021 Personal and Home Care Aides 1,590 $6.85 $7.55 $15,710 4.2 %
39-9031 Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors 1,180 $13.12 $13.55 $28,170 5.9 %
39-9032 Recreation Workers (6) $10.43 $11.62 $24,170 3.5 %
39-9041 Residential Advisors 250 $10.62 $11.82 $24,580 9.3 %
Sales and Related Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 60,640 $10.71 $15.67 $32,590 2.7 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 4,700 $14.51 $16.53 $34,380 3.4 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 1,480 $28.51 $31.34 $65,190 3.3 %
41-2011 Cashiers 13,770 $7.70 $7.84 $16,310 1.2 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 2,090 $8.99 $9.55 $19,860 5.2 %
41-2022 Parts Salespersons 1,180 $11.18 $12.97 $26,990 4.3 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 17,530 $8.57 $10.31 $21,450 3.2 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents 720 $20.35 $27.33 $56,840 14.9 %
41-3021 Insurance Sales Agents 3,000 $19.98 $24.56 $51,080 12.6 %
41-3031 Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents 1,470 $28.02 $44.13 $91,780 12.9 %
41-3041 Travel Agents 340 $11.82 $12.62 $26,240 4.9 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 2,460 $25.30 $29.74 $61,870 6.9 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 6,040 $23.41 $26.01 $54,090 2.7 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters (6) $9.20 $10.55 $21,940 12.3 %
41-9021 Real Estate Brokers 480 $23.68 $22.57 $46,940 7.5 %
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents 900 $15.33 $19.62 $40,810 16.6 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers 260 $23.62 $26.49 $55,090 6.9 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 1,220 $13.61 $13.88 $28,870 9.3 %
41-9091 Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers (6) $8.02 $8.14 $16,930 2.9 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 96,000 $12.88 $13.65 $28,390 1.2 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 6,100 $19.56 $20.87 $43,400 1.6 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 730 $10.29 $10.68 $22,220 2.3 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 1,610 $12.78 $13.17 $27,390 1.2 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 1,900 $12.97 $13.32 $27,710 2.0 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 7,180 $13.49 $13.83 $28,770 1.4 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 640 $14.32 $14.52 $30,190 2.6 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 540 $15.57 $15.89 $33,060 2.4 %
43-3071 Tellers 1,320 $10.52 $10.80 $22,450 2.8 %
43-4011 Brokerage Clerks 380 $15.94 $16.17 $33,620 3.2 %
43-4021 Correspondence Clerks 100 $14.98 $18.62 $38,730 11.2 %
43-4031 Court, Municipal, and License Clerks 220 $13.34 $14.70 $30,580 3.9 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 10,470 $12.98 $13.67 $28,430 2.6 %
43-4061 Eligibility Interviewers, Government Programs 510 $15.02 $15.30 $31,830 3.7 %
43-4071 File Clerks 630 $10.10 $10.68 $22,210 3.6 %
43-4081 Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks 740 $7.92 $7.97 $16,570 3.1 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan 830 $10.92 $11.37 $23,660 1.8 %
43-4121 Library Assistants, Clerical 290 $11.81 $12.18 $25,340 2.5 %
43-4131 Loan Interviewers and Clerks 1,390 $14.48 $15.57 $32,380 3.3 %
43-4141 New Accounts Clerks 310 $13.00 $13.82 $28,730 3.8 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 1,650 $9.88 $10.70 $22,260 9.2 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 820 $14.92 $15.13 $31,470 1.4 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 3,790 $9.73 $9.85 $20,490 1.7 %
43-4181 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks 480 $9.66 $10.74 $22,340 5.9 %
43-5011 Cargo and Freight Agents 210 $16.76 $17.69 $36,790 3.5 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 450 $9.84 $10.12 $21,050 4.3 %
43-5031 Police, Fire, and Ambulance Dispatchers 460 $14.54 $14.72 $30,620 2.8 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 420 $15.21 $16.39 $34,090 2.9 %
43-5041 Meter Readers, Utilities 120 $12.98 $14.58 $30,330 7.6 %
43-5051 Postal Service Clerks 290 $19.17 $18.86 $39,220 2.6 %
43-5052 Postal Service Mail Carriers 1,180 $19.13 $19.03 $39,590 1.9 %
43-5053 Postal Service Mail Sorters, Processors, and Processing Machine Operators 1,270 $18.93 $18.17 $37,800 3.9 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 930 $16.31 $16.85 $35,040 2.4 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 3,170 $11.06 $11.69 $24,310 2.0 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 7,600 $10.09 $10.59 $22,030 2.2 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 410 $11.30 $12.12 $25,210 7.2 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 4,770 $15.65 $16.16 $33,610 1.3 %
43-6012 Legal Secretaries 960 $18.89 $18.94 $39,400 3.1 %
43-6013 Medical Secretaries 990 $12.43 $12.48 $25,960 4.6 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 5,220 $14.01 $14.14 $29,420 1.3 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 1,050 $14.11 $14.86 $30,900 7.5 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 1,310 $10.32 $10.80 $22,450 2.2 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 370 $11.45 $13.35 $27,760 5.5 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 150 $12.48 $14.47 $30,090 8.2 %
43-9041 Insurance Claims and Policy Processing Clerks 1,340 $13.14 $13.71 $28,510 2.2 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 890 $11.19 $11.20 $23,290 2.1 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 14,100 $11.82 $12.12 $25,210 1.4 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 840 $9.85 $10.24 $21,290 3.6 %
43-9081 Proofreaders and Copy Markers 80 $13.47 $14.91 $31,010 7.7 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants 40 $15.71 $15.32 $31,860 4.8 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 400 $11.10 $12.54 $26,090 9.2 %
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers 60 $20.05 $20.76 $43,190 2.3 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse (6) $8.96 $8.99 $18,690 3.6 %
45-4021 Fallers 150 $10.55 $10.55 $21,950 6.9 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 28,510 $14.50 $15.76 $32,780 1.9 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 3,090 $21.72 $23.94 $49,800 3.2 %
47-2021 Brickmasons and Blockmasons 490 $19.68 $18.88 $39,270 3.1 %
47-2031 Carpenters 3,570 $14.81 $14.90 $31,000 2.0 %
47-2041 Carpet Installers 210 $15.21 $16.29 $33,870 10.7 %
47-2042 Floor Layers, Except Carpet, Wood, and Hard Tiles (6) $13.38 $14.65 $30,460 5.9 %
47-2043 Floor Sanders and Finishers 50 $10.97 $11.65 $24,230 4.7 %
47-2044 Tile and Marble Setters (6) $13.70 $13.79 $28,680 2.2 %
47-2051 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers 940 $12.76 $13.23 $27,520 3.0 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 2,440 $10.56 $10.92 $22,710 1.7 %
47-2071 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 420 $14.39 $16.57 $34,470 5.0 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 970 $13.95 $14.64 $30,440 2.4 %
47-2081 Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers 670 $14.37 $14.29 $29,720 4.7 %
47-2111 Electricians 3,320 $19.59 $19.03 $39,590 6.6 %
47-2121 Glaziers 160 $13.73 $13.88 $28,880 1.5 %
47-2130 Insulation Workers 580 $13.60 $13.71 $28,520 3.4 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 1,810 $13.17 $13.63 $28,350 8.3 %
47-2151 Pipelayers 290 $14.14 $16.56 $34,440 7.2 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 3,190 $15.54 $16.98 $35,310 4.6 %
47-2171 Reinforcing Iron and Rebar Workers (6) $17.74 $16.69 $34,710 9.6 %
47-2181 Roofers 320 $14.12 $14.50 $30,150 3.5 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 610 $15.46 $16.12 $33,530 2.7 %
47-2221 Structural Iron and Steel Workers 510 $17.90 $17.69 $36,790 3.8 %
47-3011 Helpers—Brickmasons, Blockmasons, Stonemasons, and Tile and Marble Setters 610 $9.32 $9.97 $20,740 6.9 %
47-3012 Helpers—Carpenters 940 $9.98 $9.92 $20,630 5.9 %
47-3013 Helpers—Electricians 600 $10.83 $11.17 $23,230 5.5 %
47-3014 Helpers—Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons 100 $9.30 $9.44 $19,640 6.7 %
47-3015 Helpers—Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 210 $11.13 $11.11 $23,100 3.0 %
47-3016 Helpers—Roofers 190 $10.56 $10.55 $21,930 4.2 %
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors 330 $18.25 $18.79 $39,080 3.4 %
47-4021 Elevator Installers and Repairers 100 $23.81 $23.92 $49,740 6.8 %
47-4031 Fence Erectors (6) $15.01 $13.98 $29,070 23.3 %
47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 210 $12.71 $12.89 $26,800 3.2 %
47-4051 Highway Maintenance Workers 420 $12.52 $12.61 $26,220 2.5 %
47-4071 Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners (6) $12.23 $13.95 $29,020 5.4 %
47-5041 Continuous Mining Machine Operators 80 $14.69 $15.37 $31,970 2.0 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 23,720 $17.06 $17.82 $37,060 1.5 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 2,300 $22.69 $24.51 $50,980 2.6 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 630 $19.29 $19.51 $40,570 3.0 %
49-2021 Radio Mechanics 40 $15.54 $15.08 $31,380 2.8 %
49-2091 Avionics Technicians 50 $21.13 $20.27 $42,160 5.8 %
49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers (6) $15.33 $15.92 $33,120 8.6 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 550 $23.80 $22.55 $46,910 3.7 %
49-2096 Electronic Equipment Installers and Repairers, Motor Vehicles (6) $12.47 $13.71 $28,520 4.7 %
49-2097 Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Installers and Repairers (6) $12.32 $12.56 $26,130 5.7 %
49-2098 Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers (6) $16.20 $16.28 $33,860 4.6 %
49-3011 Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians 140 $19.86 $20.17 $41,960 5.9 %
49-3021 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 1,020 $11.62 $14.21 $29,560 8.1 %
49-3022 Automotive Glass Installers and Repairers (6) $20.55 $20.01 $41,630 4.1 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 3,500 $17.09 $18.35 $38,170 4.2 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 960 $16.92 $17.14 $35,660 2.9 %
49-3041 Farm Equipment Mechanics (6) $10.60 $11.53 $23,970 12.6 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 900 $16.68 $16.89 $35,140 2.7 %
49-3051 Motorboat Mechanics 60 $12.25 $13.37 $27,810 3.8 %
49-3053 Outdoor Power Equipment and Other Small Engine Mechanics 120 $11.49 $12.68 $26,380 3.5 %
49-3092 Recreational Vehicle Service Technicians 30 $24.82 $22.36 $46,510 11.9 %
49-3093 Tire Repairers and Changers 220 $9.71 $9.93 $20,660 2.5 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 1,410 $17.88 $18.50 $38,480 2.4 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 1,150 $17.01 $18.18 $37,810 6.7 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 4,400 $14.72 $15.13 $31,470 2.0 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 530 $15.63 $15.83 $32,930 3.2 %
49-9044 Millwrights 400 $23.56 $22.76 $47,330 4.3 %
49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers 530 $16.07 $16.57 $34,470 4.8 %
49-9061 Camera and Photographic Equipment Repairers (6) $12.61 $11.62 $24,170 9.0 %
49-9062 Medical Equipment Repairers (6) $23.34 $22.33 $46,450 7.0 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers 50 $11.76 $12.01 $24,990 4.3 %
49-9094 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers 230 $14.12 $14.89 $30,970 4.6 %
49-9096 Riggers (6) $19.82 $17.88 $37,190 3.4 %
49-9098 Helpers—Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 540 $9.45 $9.54 $19,840 4.1 %
Production Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 35,820 $12.51 $14.29 $29,730 3.4 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 2,400 $22.03 $23.67 $49,220 1.9 %
51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 100 $16.88 $15.92 $33,120 8.5 %
51-2031 Engine and Other Machine Assemblers (6) $11.17 $11.74 $24,420 6.0 %
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters 390 $14.88 $14.49 $30,130 2.4 %
51-2091 Fiberglass Laminators and Fabricators (6) $10.00 $10.30 $21,420 9.7 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 3,140 $10.80 $11.78 $24,500 4.2 %
51-3011 Bakers 190 $8.65 $9.10 $18,930 4.5 %
51-3021 Butchers and Meat Cutters 160 $15.13 $14.86 $30,910 2.7 %
51-3022 Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers (6) $10.00 $10.00 $20,800 3.9 %
51-3092 Food Batchmakers 100 $11.57 $10.65 $22,150 14.4 %
51-3093 Food Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders (6) $9.90 $9.76 $20,290 2.8 %
51-4011 Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic 330 $16.99 $18.37 $38,210 6.5 %
51-4012 Numerical Tool and Process Control Programmers 80 $20.63 $21.87 $45,490 9.7 %
51-4021 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 120 $13.84 $15.49 $32,230 15.6 %
51-4023 Rolling Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 260 $15.02 $15.59 $32,430 11.6 %
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 580 $12.52 $13.04 $27,130 3.4 %
51-4032 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (6) $9.13 $10.47 $21,790 3.5 %
51-4033 Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 60 $11.01 $11.60 $24,120 5.4 %
51-4041 Machinists 780 $17.60 $17.33 $36,040 4.6 %
51-4072 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (6) $11.48 $11.34 $23,580 3.3 %
51-4111 Tool and Die Makers 100 $15.83 $15.91 $33,090 3.8 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 900 $14.99 $15.08 $31,360 2.0 %
51-4122 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 60 $13.60 $13.97 $29,060 8.6 %
51-4191 Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 50 $15.66 $15.32 $31,860 3.2 %
51-4192 Lay-Out Workers, Metal and Plastic (6) $15.11 $14.77 $30,720 3.1 %
51-4193 Plating and Coating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 170 $13.31 $13.45 $27,970 2.5 %
51-5011 Bindery Workers 330 $10.40 $11.17 $23,230 4.2 %
51-5012 Bookbinders (6) $15.79 $15.83 $32,920 2.8 %
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers 480 $16.75 $16.88 $35,100 2.4 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 1,070 $13.37 $13.49 $28,060 6.6 %
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 1,180 $8.27 $8.62 $17,930 2.2 %
51-6021 Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 470 $8.37 $8.87 $18,450 6.5 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators 530 $8.12 $8.42 $17,520 2.2 %
51-6052 Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers 100 $11.86 $11.71 $24,350 2.2 %
51-6062 Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (6) $8.04 $8.23 $17,110 5.2 %
51-6064 Textile Winding, Twisting, and Drawing Out Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 1,050 $24.79 $23.27 $48,400 4.4 %
51-6091 Extruding and Forming Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Synthetic and Glass Fibers (6) $12.14 $11.79 $24,520 3.7 %
51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 410 $13.12 $13.20 $27,460 2.7 %
51-7021 Furniture Finishers 170 $11.05 $11.48 $23,890 4.0 %
51-7041 Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood 190 $10.38 $11.86 $24,670 5.5 %
51-7042 Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing 260 $10.26 $10.80 $22,460 3.4 %
51-8012 Power Distributors and Dispatchers 50 $27.88 $27.70 $57,620 5.2 %
51-8013 Power Plant Operators 170 $24.62 $23.66 $49,210 4.1 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 150 $20.15 $20.63 $42,910 5.0 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 420 $14.93 $15.48 $32,200 1.9 %
51-8091 Chemical Plant and System Operators 70 $25.46 $25.07 $52,150 4.8 %
51-8092 Gas Plant Operators (6) $23.02 $23.49 $48,870 4.6 %
51-9011 Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders 860 $24.45 $22.76 $47,340 4.3 %
51-9012 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (6) $21.19 $20.31 $42,240 4.1 %
51-9021 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 210 $11.45 $12.45 $25,890 5.7 %
51-9022 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand (6) $10.88 $11.01 $22,910 3.2 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 660 $14.76 $15.52 $32,280 8.4 %
51-9031 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand (6) $10.50 $11.17 $23,240 8.7 %
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 260 $10.77 $11.87 $24,700 4.7 %
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 310 $15.09 $15.28 $31,780 7.8 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 1,960 $13.87 $15.91 $33,090 7.7 %
51-9071 Jewelers and Precious Stone and Metal Workers 60 $12.55 $12.94 $26,910 4.1 %
51-9081 Dental Laboratory Technicians (6) $16.91 $18.85 $39,200 2.6 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 1,330 $13.65 $14.51 $30,170 6.4 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 190 $12.06 $11.86 $24,680 4.8 %
51-9122 Painters, Transportation Equipment (6) $12.35 $14.99 $31,180 15.8 %
51-9131 Photographic Process Workers 40 $8.82 $10.53 $21,890 4.6 %
51-9132 Photographic Processing Machine Operators (6) $12.23 $11.46 $23,840 6.7 %
51-9191 Cementing and Gluing Machine Operators and Tenders 70 $8.82 $9.35 $19,450 9.2 %
51-9193 Cooling and Freezing Equipment Operators and Tenders 40 $8.54 $8.47 $17,610 11.1 %
51-9196 Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 880 $12.47 $12.31 $25,600 2.3 %
51-9198 Helpers—Production Workers 1,840 $10.20 $10.23 $21,280 2.1 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 40,960 $10.94 $12.13 $25,240 2.6 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 840 $17.44 $18.24 $37,940 3.4 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 1,080 $20.65 $21.81 $45,360 5.5 %
53-2012 Commercial Pilots 30 (4) (4) $59,780 22.8 %
53-3021 Bus Drivers, Transit and Intercity 990 $12.90 $13.07 $27,190 6.1 %
53-3022 Bus Drivers, School 2,410 $10.45 $10.72 $22,290 4.4 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 1,820 $10.02 $10.74 $22,340 6.7 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 5,820 $16.14 $17.35 $36,080 4.7 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light Or Delivery Services 5,720 $9.85 $10.81 $22,480 10.1 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 520 $8.69 $9.10 $18,920 4.1 %
53-6021 Parking Lot Attendants 430 $6.67 $7.77 $16,160 12.8 %
53-6031 Service Station Attendants 330 $7.80 $8.30 $17,260 7.5 %
53-6051 Transportation Inspectors 50 $28.78 $26.79 $55,730 14.2 %
53-7011 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 60 $11.89 $13.32 $27,700 7.3 %
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators 460 $19.95 $19.25 $40,030 3.3 %
53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators 520 $14.05 $13.99 $29,100 3.9 %
53-7041 Hoist and Winch Operators (6) $14.11 $14.51 $30,190 26.0 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 3,490 $12.58 $13.19 $27,440 2.3 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 1,330 $8.49 $9.17 $19,070 4.0 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 10,100 $9.69 $9.88 $20,560 2.8 %
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 370 $11.38 $11.98 $24,910 5.9 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 3,420 $7.30 $8.17 $16,990 3.6 %
53-7081 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 360 $11.60 $13.25 $27,570 6.0 %
53-7121 Tank Car, Truck, and Ship Loaders 100 $12.59 $12.56 $26,130 2.4 %

About May 2003 National, State, and Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Hourly wage rates for occupations where workers typically work fewer than 2,080 hours per year are not available.

(5) This wage is equal to or greater than $70.00 per hour or $145,600 per year.

(6) Estimates not released.



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State estimates for Virginia


Virginia's metropolitan area estimates:

May 2003 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2003 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2003 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2003 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: May 7, 2004

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