Occupational Employment Statistics

November 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Sectors 31, 32, and 33 - Manufacturing

These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in Sectors 31, 32, and 33 - Manufacturing.

These and other data elements, including the 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages are available in the downloadable Excel files (XLS).

Sectors 31, 32, and 33 - Manufacturing consists of:

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in Sectors 31, 32, and 33 - Manufacturing:

Sectors 31, 32, and 33 - Manufacturing

Click on the SOC code number to view an occupational profile.

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 14,431,780 100.00% $14.84 $18.35 $38,180 0.3 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 776,380 5.38% $41.45 $46.17 $96,020 0.3 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 47,130 0.33% (5) $74.84 $155,660 0.4 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 206,780 1.43% $43.92 $49.58 $103,120 0.3 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 3,930 0.03% $34.89 $38.50 $80,080 1.2 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 33,290 0.23% $46.59 $49.26 $102,450 0.7 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 53,150 0.37% $41.53 $45.73 $95,130 0.5 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 1,890 0.01% $43.20 $46.16 $96,010 1.5 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 16,380 0.11% $34.36 $36.98 $76,910 0.9 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 31,570 0.22% $42.71 $44.90 $93,400 0.7 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 55,450 0.38% $40.47 $43.70 $90,900 0.4 %
11-3040 Human Resources Managers 24,890 0.17% $35.35 $38.31 $79,680 0.6 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 134,720 0.93% $33.83 $36.45 $75,820 0.3 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 25,470 0.18% $34.35 $36.46 $75,840 0.5 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 15,340 0.11% $30.79 $33.68 $70,040 0.9 %
11-9011 Farm, Ranch, and Other Agricultural Managers 170 0.00% $27.59 $32.00 $66,550 4.2 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 1,510 0.01% $30.92 $34.24 $71,220 2.1 %
11-9032 Education Administrators, Elementary and Secondary School (7) (7) (4) (4) $64,490 10.8 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 78,640 0.54% $46.43 $48.69 $101,270 0.6 %
11-9051 Food Service Managers 120 0.00% $25.17 $27.84 $57,910 3.0 %
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 1,500 0.01% $46.73 $51.47 $107,070 6.4 %
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers 7,050 0.05% $55.36 $58.84 $122,400 2.4 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 230 0.00% $43.78 $44.77 $93,130 2.9 %
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers 60 0.00% $28.34 $29.78 $61,950 8.5 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 421,560 2.92% $25.68 $27.46 $57,110 0.6 %
13-1011 Agents and Business Managers of Artists, Performers, and Athletes 190 0.00% $35.51 $43.17 $89,790 11.8 %
13-1021 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 2,530 0.02% $22.80 $26.99 $56,140 2.4 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 5,010 0.03% $23.35 $24.73 $51,440 1.3 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 97,930 0.68% $22.57 $23.99 $49,900 0.5 %
13-1031 Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators (7) (7) $20.69 $23.33 $48,530 6.1 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 7,870 0.05% $27.49 $29.84 $62,070 2.3 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 33,430 0.23% $22.27 $23.67 $49,230 0.5 %
13-1061 Emergency Management Specialists 400 0.00% $23.37 $24.34 $50,620 3.9 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 6,290 0.04% $23.10 $24.63 $51,220 0.8 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 9,400 0.07% $23.94 $25.24 $52,500 0.5 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 16,320 0.11% $23.71 $24.78 $51,540 0.8 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 26,920 0.19% $31.39 $33.18 $69,020 1.1 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 900 0.01% $24.02 $25.45 $52,940 2.5 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 83,990 0.58% $25.03 $26.78 $55,700 0.3 %
13-2021 Appraisers and Assessors of Real Estate 30 0.00% $23.36 $23.46 $48,790 2.1 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 4,240 0.03% $29.40 $30.47 $63,380 0.8 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 2,860 0.02% $22.00 $23.76 $49,420 1.1 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 16,080 0.11% $31.24 $32.27 $67,130 0.8 %
13-2052 Personal Financial Advisors 90 0.00% $36.06 $43.37 $90,220 23.3 %
13-2061 Financial Examiners 180 0.00% $27.87 $31.03 $64,540 6.2 %
13-2072 Loan Officers 90 0.00% $16.32 $17.02 $35,410 5.4 %
13-2082 Tax Preparers 60 0.00% $30.43 $32.24 $67,050 8.0 %
Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 273,650 1.90% $32.12 $33.10 $68,850 0.8 %
15-1011 Computer and Information Scientists, Research 2,150 0.01% $40.34 $41.17 $85,620 2.9 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 30,010 0.21% $28.25 $30.29 $63,000 1.4 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 55,480 0.38% $37.16 $37.42 $77,830 0.8 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 53,210 0.37% $39.35 $40.06 $83,320 0.8 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 36,230 0.25% $21.48 $23.34 $48,560 1.5 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 37,660 0.26% $31.90 $32.54 $67,680 0.9 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 8,100 0.06% $27.10 $28.36 $58,980 2.2 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 20,070 0.14% $27.82 $29.13 $60,580 0.6 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 11,110 0.08% $30.70 $31.51 $65,540 0.8 %
15-2011 Actuaries 50 0.00% $41.89 $43.41 $90,290 9.0 %
15-2021 Mathematicians 160 0.00% $40.01 $39.33 $81,810 2.9 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 4,630 0.03% $30.63 $31.96 $66,470 1.7 %
15-2041 Statisticians 1,270 0.01% $33.23 $33.36 $69,400 2.8 %
15-2091 Mathematical Technicians 300 0.00% $21.99 $25.65 $53,340 6.6 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 810,960 5.62% $28.22 $29.65 $61,670 0.4 %
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval 560 0.00% $23.17 $27.48 $57,160 9.5 %
17-1021 Cartographers and Photogrammetrists 80 0.00% $26.25 $25.77 $53,600 4.9 %
17-1022 Surveyors 50 0.00% $17.35 $20.41 $42,460 8.4 %
17-2011 Aerospace Engineers 49,890 0.35% $36.34 $37.07 $77,110 1.7 %
17-2021 Agricultural Engineers 550 0.00% $28.58 $30.65 $63,740 1.5 %
17-2031 Biomedical Engineers 3,070 0.02% $33.61 $34.48 $71,720 1.2 %
17-2041 Chemical Engineers 16,230 0.11% $35.55 $36.17 $75,230 0.6 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 3,380 0.02% $30.74 $31.23 $64,950 1.0 %
17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers 33,750 0.23% $40.21 $41.78 $86,910 1.5 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 60,540 0.42% $33.46 $34.96 $72,710 0.7 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 41,430 0.29% $35.07 $35.84 $74,540 0.8 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 4,640 0.03% $32.51 $32.74 $68,090 1.0 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 7,480 0.05% $29.42 $30.18 $62,770 0.6 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 119,550 0.83% $30.22 $30.88 $64,230 0.4 %
17-2121 Marine Engineers and Naval Architects 630 0.00% $31.52 $32.84 $68,300 4.0 %
17-2131 Materials Engineers 14,730 0.10% $30.21 $31.38 $65,260 0.8 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 118,540 0.82% $30.09 $30.93 $64,340 0.4 %
17-2151 Mining and Geological Engineers, Including Mining Safety Engineers 220 0.00% $32.71 $32.75 $68,110 2.3 %
17-2161 Nuclear Engineers (7) (7) $42.63 $43.37 $90,200 3.4 %
17-2171 Petroleum Engineers 580 0.00% $43.19 $44.44 $92,440 2.9 %
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters 5,040 0.03% $17.46 $18.37 $38,210 0.9 %
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters 12,040 0.08% $20.17 $21.56 $44,840 1.4 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 42,640 0.30% $19.88 $20.60 $42,860 0.5 %
17-3021 Aerospace Engineering and Operations Technicians 6,420 0.04% $24.49 $25.51 $53,050 2.3 %
17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians 770 0.01% $19.93 $20.58 $42,800 3.0 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 68,020 0.47% $19.83 $20.57 $42,780 0.6 %
17-3024 Electro-Mechanical Technicians 12,500 0.09% $19.21 $19.71 $40,990 0.9 %
17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technicians 2,060 0.01% $20.18 $21.02 $43,710 1.2 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 47,490 0.33% $19.70 $20.62 $42,880 0.7 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 26,200 0.18% $20.39 $21.00 $43,670 0.7 %
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 450 0.00% $19.96 $19.75 $41,070 3.3 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 156,660 1.09% $24.48 $27.42 $57,040 0.9 %
19-1010 Agricultural and Food Scientists 3,720 0.03% $23.56 $26.39 $54,890 2.4 %
19-1021 Biochemists and Biophysicists 4,310 0.03% $33.97 $35.62 $74,090 3.0 %
19-1022 Microbiologists 3,600 0.02% $24.02 $27.83 $57,890 3.2 %
19-1032 Foresters 1,430 0.01% $23.85 $24.03 $49,990 1.4 %
19-1042 Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists 9,690 0.07% $35.61 $37.62 $78,250 2.3 %
19-2012 Physicists 1,180 0.01% $40.71 $41.65 $86,640 3.0 %
19-2031 Chemists 36,290 0.25% $26.99 $29.09 $60,520 1.2 %
19-2032 Materials Scientists 3,470 0.02% $36.89 $36.98 $76,920 1.9 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 1,900 0.01% $29.84 $31.40 $65,320 2.6 %
19-3011 Economists 60 0.00% $34.92 $38.19 $79,430 9.5 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 21,560 0.15% $32.55 $34.26 $71,270 1.3 %
19-3022 Survey Researchers 90 0.00% $23.60 $24.61 $51,180 9.5 %
19-3032 Industrial-Organizational Psychologists 270 0.00% $38.84 $39.88 $82,940 2.9 %
19-4011 Agricultural and Food Science Technicians 4,470 0.03% $14.81 $16.00 $33,270 1.2 %
19-4021 Biological Technicians 9,190 0.06% $18.15 $18.95 $39,420 1.8 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 33,620 0.23% $18.97 $19.59 $40,740 0.6 %
19-4051 Nuclear Technicians 1,050 0.01% $25.90 $27.56 $57,330 3.9 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health 2,230 0.02% $19.35 $19.94 $41,480 1.5 %
19-4093 Forest and Conservation Technicians 320 0.00% $15.40 $15.89 $33,040 2.1 %
Community and Social Services Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 230 0.00% $20.38 $29.84 $62,070 19.6 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 5,840 0.04% $52.16 $54.47 $113,290 1.4 %
23-1011 Lawyers 4,020 0.03% $64.61 $67.40 $140,200 1.4 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 1,450 0.01% $24.35 $25.23 $52,470 1.7 %
23-2092 Law Clerks 60 0.00% $18.10 $18.25 $37,950 2.3 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 1,720 0.01% $22.67 $22.74 $47,310 1.7 %
25-1194 Vocational Education Teachers, Postsecondary 90 0.00% $29.20 $27.88 $57,980 4.3 %
25-2011 Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education 50 0.00% $10.68 $11.11 $23,100 4.8 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 60 0.00% $9.77 $11.82 $24,580 8.3 %
25-4010 Archivists, Curators, and Museum Technicians 60 0.00% $20.03 $19.03 $39,580 5.1 %
25-4021 Librarians 480 0.00% $24.99 $25.78 $53,630 2.8 %
25-4031 Library Technicians 120 0.00% $16.75 $17.53 $36,460 3.5 %
25-9021 Farm and Home Management Advisors 40 0.00% $20.30 $20.39 $42,410 4.0 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 150 0.00% $25.79 $26.48 $55,080 2.1 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 76,810 0.53% $19.42 $21.48 $44,680 0.7 %
27-1011 Art Directors 1,400 0.01% $25.67 $28.65 $59,600 3.2 %
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators 1,200 0.01% $14.32 $16.14 $33,570 3.3 %
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators 1,590 0.01% $18.70 $21.10 $43,890 3.1 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 14,430 0.10% $23.11 $24.44 $50,830 0.9 %
27-1022 Fashion Designers 3,300 0.02% $24.49 $30.54 $63,510 4.0 %
27-1023 Floral Designers 200 0.00% $7.63 $7.85 $16,330 4.4 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 25,820 0.18% $16.24 $17.62 $36,640 0.9 %
27-1025 Interior Designers 970 0.01% $16.22 $18.21 $37,880 5.4 %
27-1026 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 4,320 0.03% $17.38 $17.34 $36,060 1.7 %
27-1027 Set and Exhibit Designers 100 0.00% $18.23 $18.71 $38,930 3.8 %
27-2012 Producers and Directors 110 0.00% (4) (4) $74,380 4.4 %
27-3010 Announcers 110 0.00% $13.44 $23.14 $48,130 17.4 %
27-3020 News Analysts, Reporters and Correspondents 90 0.00% $9.46 $10.11 $21,040 6.1 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 4,530 0.03% $26.25 $28.30 $58,860 1.4 %
27-3041 Editors 2,110 0.01% $20.19 $22.16 $46,090 2.9 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 8,280 0.06% $24.76 $25.70 $53,450 1.0 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 510 0.00% $25.28 $27.20 $56,570 2.7 %
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators 390 0.00% $17.50 $18.02 $37,490 1.5 %
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians 420 0.00% $15.93 $17.47 $36,340 3.7 %
27-4014 Sound Engineering Technicians 210 0.00% $16.05 $20.00 $41,600 9.5 %
27-4021 Photographers 430 0.00% $21.54 $20.92 $43,500 2.3 %
27-4031 Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Picture 250 0.00% $12.99 $15.22 $31,650 4.5 %
27-4032 Film and Video Editors 410 0.00% $14.85 $17.83 $37,080 4.9 %
Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 17,800 0.12% $22.10 $24.11 $50,160 1.0 %
29-1020 Dentists 150 0.00% $25.84 $36.87 $76,680 12.6 %
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists 50 0.00% $31.17 $29.73 $61,830 4.5 %
29-1041 Optometrists 40 0.00% $44.83 $44.20 $91,940 4.7 %
29-1051 Pharmacists 500 0.00% $36.22 $35.41 $73,660 3.3 %
29-1071 Physician Assistants 40 0.00% $31.77 $29.51 $61,370 2.6 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 3,010 0.02% $23.64 $23.63 $49,150 0.6 %
29-1121 Audiologists 80 0.00% $28.50 $28.00 $58,240 4.5 %
29-1131 Veterinarians 160 0.00% $35.13 $39.45 $82,050 7.1 %
29-2011 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 190 0.00% $22.84 $23.85 $49,600 4.2 %
29-2012 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 990 0.01% $15.03 $15.94 $33,150 4.0 %
29-2034 Radiologic Technologists and Technicians 50 0.00% $23.60 $22.00 $45,760 2.6 %
29-2041 Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics 170 0.00% $14.74 $15.45 $32,130 2.6 %
29-2052 Pharmacy Technicians 370 0.00% $17.41 $16.62 $34,560 5.8 %
29-2056 Veterinary Technologists and Technicians 210 0.00% $13.69 $18.29 $38,050 19.9 %
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses 490 0.00% $15.88 $16.12 $33,530 2.6 %
29-2071 Medical Records and Health Information Technicians 190 0.00% $14.98 $16.88 $35,110 4.9 %
29-2081 Opticians, Dispensing 1,050 0.01% $11.98 $13.54 $28,170 4.3 %
29-2091 Orthotists and Prosthetists 1,180 0.01% $27.74 $32.92 $68,480 5.1 %
29-9010 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists and Technicians 7,300 0.05% $23.44 $24.61 $51,200 0.7 %
Healthcare Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 2,070 0.01% $12.01 $14.10 $29,330 4.7 %
31-9091 Dental Assistants 210 0.00% $11.49 $13.27 $27,600 10.0 %
31-9092 Medical Assistants 100 0.00% $12.33 $13.92 $28,950 6.2 %
31-9093 Medical Equipment Preparers 240 0.00% $14.09 $14.13 $29,390 3.0 %
31-9095 Pharmacy Aides 50 0.00% $12.19 $12.58 $26,160 11.7 %
31-9096 Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers 370 0.00% $13.46 $13.58 $28,250 6.5 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 20,870 0.14% $12.49 $14.35 $29,850 0.9 %
33-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Fire Fighting and Prevention Workers 30 0.00% $29.13 $28.24 $58,740 3.6 %
33-2011 Fire Fighters 440 0.00% $18.00 $18.94 $39,400 2.7 %
33-2021 Fire Inspectors and Investigators 330 0.00% $17.81 $19.57 $40,700 3.8 %
33-3052 Transit and Railroad Police 70 0.00% $18.08 $17.35 $36,090 6.1 %
33-9021 Private Detectives and Investigators 360 0.00% $27.03 $26.51 $55,140 2.2 %
33-9032 Security Guards 17,290 0.12% $11.52 $12.72 $26,450 0.8 %
33-9091 Crossing Guards (7) (7) $8.59 $10.24 $21,290 12.1 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 43,020 0.30% $7.89 $8.77 $18,240 0.9 %
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 420 0.00% $15.62 $18.10 $37,650 6.3 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 2,870 0.02% $13.79 $14.67 $30,500 1.4 %
35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food 350 0.00% $8.41 $9.68 $20,140 5.0 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 330 0.00% $11.04 $11.50 $23,920 3.2 %
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant 840 0.01% $11.17 $11.33 $23,560 4.5 %
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order 420 0.00% $7.69 $8.67 $18,040 3.6 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 11,590 0.08% $8.20 $8.64 $17,960 1.5 %
35-3011 Bartenders (7) (7) $6.82 $7.31 $15,200 3.0 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 10,900 0.08% $7.34 $7.92 $16,480 2.1 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 9,180 0.06% $7.47 $7.77 $16,150 1.6 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses 2,480 0.02% $6.99 $7.52 $15,650 2.9 %
35-3041 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant 210 0.00% $8.48 $8.67 $18,030 7.0 %
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers (7) (7) $7.83 $8.32 $17,310 3.0 %
35-9021 Dishwashers 1,860 0.01% $7.73 $7.94 $16,510 3.7 %
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop (7) (7) $8.26 $8.78 $18,250 2.8 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 102,630 0.71% $10.32 $11.39 $23,680 0.4 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 3,340 0.02% $18.81 $19.42 $40,390 0.9 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 150 0.00% $18.35 $20.80 $43,270 3.3 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 93,010 0.64% $10.13 $11.02 $22,920 0.5 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 790 0.01% $9.54 $10.02 $20,850 2.5 %
37-2021 Pest Control Workers 140 0.00% $14.38 $14.42 $30,000 2.3 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 2,910 0.02% $11.25 $12.01 $24,990 0.9 %
37-3012 Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation 270 0.00% $13.84 $14.84 $30,870 2.5 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 1,200 0.01% $9.93 $11.28 $23,470 3.9 %
39-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service Workers 100 0.00% $17.07 $18.62 $38,730 2.7 %
39-6021 Tour Guides and Escorts 290 0.00% $10.06 $10.47 $21,780 3.4 %
39-6031 Flight Attendants 50 0.00% (4) (4) $53,550 2.2 %
39-9011 Child Care Workers 320 0.00% $9.03 $8.88 $18,470 3.2 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 421,800 2.92% $22.48 $25.64 $53,330 0.8 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 9,720 0.07% $17.21 $19.81 $41,200 1.5 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 25,430 0.18% $32.91 $37.74 $78,500 1.4 %
41-2011 Cashiers 19,390 0.13% $7.73 $8.28 $17,220 1.4 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 4,490 0.03% $9.19 $9.58 $19,920 2.4 %
41-2022 Parts Salespersons 1,280 0.01% $13.68 $15.25 $31,720 2.6 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 36,940 0.26% $9.14 $11.32 $23,540 3.0 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents 2,980 0.02% $21.29 $26.45 $55,020 3.4 %
41-3031 Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents 160 0.00% $44.85 $40.10 $83,400 9.4 %
41-3041 Travel Agents 110 0.00% $16.53 $17.11 $35,590 3.2 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 60,140 0.42% $29.26 $31.86 $66,260 0.7 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 212,110 1.47% $23.58 $27.09 $56,340 0.6 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters 4,490 0.03% $12.47 $15.43 $32,100 3.1 %
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents 150 0.00% $29.79 $32.51 $67,620 16.5 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers 21,570 0.15% $31.50 $32.86 $68,350 0.7 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 3,060 0.02% $11.89 $13.57 $28,230 4.3 %
41-9091 Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers 450 0.00% $21.74 $26.94 $56,030 11.2 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 1,424,130 9.87% $13.91 $15.00 $31,200 0.2 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 83,470 0.58% $21.30 $22.83 $47,500 0.3 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 9,370 0.06% $11.23 $11.60 $24,120 0.5 %
43-2021 Telephone Operators 60 0.00% $16.17 $16.29 $33,890 3.4 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 4,750 0.03% $14.15 $14.92 $31,040 0.7 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 35,010 0.24% $13.04 $13.54 $28,160 0.4 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 144,960 1.00% $14.17 $14.85 $30,880 0.4 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 26,850 0.19% $14.52 $14.98 $31,160 0.3 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 14,010 0.10% $14.28 $15.01 $31,210 0.7 %
43-3071 Tellers 60 0.00% $12.62 $12.55 $26,100 3.1 %
43-4011 Brokerage Clerks 50 0.00% $19.97 $20.35 $42,330 4.7 %
43-4021 Correspondence Clerks 1,180 0.01% $13.85 $14.51 $30,190 1.0 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 1,640 0.01% $15.41 $15.72 $32,700 1.3 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 139,130 0.96% $15.17 $16.03 $33,330 0.3 %
43-4071 File Clerks 5,590 0.04% $11.16 $11.81 $24,560 0.8 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan (7) (7) $11.85 $12.24 $25,450 6.0 %
43-4121 Library Assistants, Clerical 60 0.00% $10.40 $12.16 $25,280 6.6 %
43-4131 Loan Interviewers and Clerks 80 0.00% $13.60 $14.19 $29,520 4.6 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 47,590 0.33% $13.08 $13.79 $28,680 0.4 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 22,990 0.16% $15.35 $15.91 $33,090 0.3 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 33,440 0.23% $11.33 $11.61 $24,160 0.3 %
43-4181 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks 40 0.00% $12.27 $12.95 $26,940 4.7 %
43-5011 Cargo and Freight Agents 350 0.00% $14.76 $16.10 $33,490 2.5 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 3,080 0.02% $9.65 $10.18 $21,180 3.1 %
43-5031 Police, Fire, and Ambulance Dispatchers (7) (7) $15.92 $15.58 $32,400 4.7 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 5,320 0.04% $16.27 $17.31 $36,000 0.8 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 123,480 0.86% $17.27 $18.05 $37,550 0.5 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 210,490 1.46% $12.59 $13.08 $27,200 0.2 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 97,710 0.68% $12.56 $13.20 $27,460 0.5 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 19,950 0.14% $12.74 $13.47 $28,020 0.6 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 98,640 0.68% $17.41 $18.18 $37,820 0.3 %
43-6012 Legal Secretaries 360 0.00% $20.59 $20.60 $42,850 1.7 %
43-6013 Medical Secretaries 480 0.00% $13.33 $13.48 $28,050 3.6 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 77,230 0.54% $12.93 $13.41 $27,890 0.5 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 8,850 0.06% $14.92 $15.27 $31,760 2.1 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 11,460 0.08% $11.63 $12.19 $25,350 0.8 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 2,120 0.01% $13.29 $14.67 $30,520 2.2 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 9,060 0.06% $16.60 $17.35 $36,090 1.5 %
43-9041 Insurance Claims and Policy Processing Clerks 390 0.00% $14.87 $15.33 $31,890 2.9 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 6,730 0.05% $11.19 $11.69 $24,310 1.1 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 153,550 1.06% $11.45 $12.14 $25,240 0.4 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 7,250 0.05% $11.25 $12.22 $25,420 2.5 %
43-9081 Proofreaders and Copy Markers 2,210 0.02% $12.41 $13.11 $27,270 1.4 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants 1,020 0.01% $16.67 $17.86 $37,150 2.6 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 36,750 0.25% $10.33 $11.46 $23,840 0.9 %
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers 2,040 0.01% $19.06 $20.71 $43,090 2.2 %
45-2011 Agricultural Inspectors 1,470 0.01% $11.63 $13.18 $27,410 2.7 %
45-2021 Animal Breeders 170 0.00% $12.38 $14.43 $30,020 6.0 %
45-2041 Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products 8,290 0.06% $8.63 $9.06 $18,840 1.2 %
45-2091 Agricultural Equipment Operators 1,660 0.01% $9.87 $10.64 $22,130 2.2 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 4,700 0.03% $9.19 $9.95 $20,690 2.8 %
45-2093 Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals 6,380 0.04% $9.61 $10.22 $21,250 1.5 %
45-4011 Forest and Conservation Workers 190 0.00% $13.92 $14.94 $31,080 3.3 %
45-4021 Fallers 830 0.01% $9.63 $10.31 $21,440 7.3 %
45-4022 Logging Equipment Operators 4,550 0.03% $12.12 $12.72 $26,460 1.5 %
45-4023 Log Graders and Scalers 3,250 0.02% $13.14 $14.01 $29,150 1.3 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 276,640 1.92% $17.06 $18.19 $37,840 0.5 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 11,240 0.08% $22.77 $24.07 $50,070 0.8 %
47-2011 Boilermakers 3,180 0.02% $18.92 $18.66 $38,810 2.2 %
47-2021 Brickmasons and Blockmasons 2,090 0.01% $20.54 $20.89 $43,460 5.7 %
47-2022 Stonemasons 730 0.01% $10.96 $12.48 $25,970 2.2 %
47-2031 Carpenters 51,280 0.36% $13.74 $15.14 $31,490 0.9 %
47-2041 Carpet Installers 250 0.00% $20.36 $20.88 $43,430 6.1 %
47-2042 Floor Layers, Except Carpet, Wood, and Hard Tiles 250 0.00% $12.70 $13.62 $28,330 4.7 %
47-2043 Floor Sanders and Finishers 550 0.00% $10.87 $11.67 $24,280 3.6 %
47-2044 Tile and Marble Setters 1,530 0.01% $13.81 $15.27 $31,760 3.5 %
47-2051 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers 6,850 0.05% $11.70 $12.83 $26,700 1.7 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 7,700 0.05% $10.63 $11.87 $24,690 1.8 %
47-2071 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 1,870 0.01% $13.42 $14.54 $30,250 2.7 %
47-2072 Pile-Driver Operators (7) (7) $8.28 $9.42 $19,600 18.8 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 9,260 0.06% $15.32 $16.26 $33,830 1.6 %
47-2081 Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers 300 0.00% $12.67 $15.57 $32,380 8.8 %
47-2082 Tapers 70 0.00% $14.81 $15.75 $32,760 6.9 %
47-2111 Electricians 71,380 0.49% $21.68 $22.21 $46,200 0.6 %
47-2121 Glaziers 3,140 0.02% $12.93 $14.24 $29,630 2.8 %
47-2130 Insulation Workers 1,600 0.01% $16.00 $16.20 $33,690 2.7 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 9,820 0.07% $14.36 $15.37 $31,970 1.1 %
47-2142 Paperhangers 130 0.00% $13.83 $14.94 $31,080 5.5 %
47-2151 Pipelayers 290 0.00% $17.32 $18.05 $37,540 4.3 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 24,820 0.17% $22.33 $22.22 $46,210 1.5 %
47-2171 Reinforcing Iron and Rebar Workers 1,520 0.01% $16.18 $18.60 $38,680 6.0 %
47-2181 Roofers 310 0.00% $15.30 $17.51 $36,410 8.0 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 45,960 0.32% $15.28 $16.73 $34,790 1.3 %
47-2221 Structural Iron and Steel Workers 5,770 0.04% $16.15 $17.88 $37,180 4.7 %
47-3011 Helpers—Brickmasons, Blockmasons, Stonemasons, and Tile and Marble Setters 500 0.00% $10.01 $11.69 $24,320 5.2 %
47-3012 Helpers—Carpenters 3,590 0.02% $9.73 $10.18 $21,180 1.7 %
47-3013 Helpers—Electricians 670 0.00% $11.44 $12.26 $25,490 2.1 %
47-3014 Helpers—Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons 500 0.00% $9.89 $10.62 $22,100 3.4 %
47-3015 Helpers—Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 210 0.00% $10.17 $11.59 $24,110 5.5 %
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors 250 0.00% $18.26 $19.02 $39,550 7.2 %
47-4021 Elevator Installers and Repairers 140 0.00% $19.79 $20.14 $41,890 3.4 %
47-4031 Fence Erectors 330 0.00% $11.05 $12.13 $25,240 9.6 %
47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 470 0.00% $16.19 $18.25 $37,970 2.7 %
47-4051 Highway Maintenance Workers 90 0.00% $12.45 $12.58 $26,160 7.3 %
47-4061 Rail-Track Laying and Maintenance Equipment Operators 50 0.00% $17.02 $16.80 $34,940 3.3 %
47-4091 Segmental Pavers 110 0.00% $11.28 $12.01 $24,980 5.0 %
47-5012 Rotary Drill Operators, Oil and Gas (7) (7) $15.66 $15.93 $33,140 3.4 %
47-5013 Service Unit Operators, Oil, Gas, and Mining 100 0.00% $16.98 $17.96 $37,350 2.2 %
47-5021 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas 80 0.00% $16.57 $16.86 $35,060 4.0 %
47-5031 Explosives Workers, Ordnance Handling Experts, and Blasters 240 0.00% $17.10 $16.93 $35,220 3.5 %
47-5041 Continuous Mining Machine Operators 130 0.00% $14.53 $13.83 $28,770 3.0 %
47-5042 Mine Cutting and Channeling Machine Operators 140 0.00% $17.32 $16.42 $34,140 5.5 %
47-5051 Rock Splitters, Quarry 830 0.01% $12.49 $13.40 $27,860 6.5 %
47-5071 Roustabouts, Oil and Gas 200 0.00% $11.92 $13.69 $28,480 4.7 %
47-5081 Helpers—Extraction Workers 210 0.00% $12.39 $12.31 $25,610 2.9 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 730,730 5.06% $18.39 $19.16 $39,850 0.3 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 61,160 0.42% $26.24 $26.94 $56,040 0.3 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 4,250 0.03% $19.57 $20.17 $41,950 1.4 %
49-2021 Radio Mechanics 130 0.00% $16.46 $17.06 $35,480 4.6 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 640 0.00% $22.12 $22.03 $45,820 4.5 %
49-2091 Avionics Technicians 5,160 0.04% $21.38 $21.09 $43,870 1.6 %
49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers 5,540 0.04% $17.86 $18.39 $38,250 1.6 %
49-2093 Electrical and Electronics Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment 5,080 0.04% $18.01 $19.01 $39,550 4.3 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 26,960 0.19% $20.81 $21.03 $43,740 1.2 %
49-2095 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Powerhouse, Substation, and Relay 970 0.01% $23.74 $23.80 $49,510 2.0 %
49-2096 Electronic Equipment Installers and Repairers, Motor Vehicles 1,130 0.01% $16.16 $16.65 $34,630 3.9 %
49-2097 Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Installers and Repairers 690 0.00% $13.10 $14.17 $29,480 4.0 %
49-2098 Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers 250 0.00% $15.72 $17.34 $36,060 4.5 %
49-3011 Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians 15,830 0.11% $20.53 $20.92 $43,520 1.9 %
49-3022 Automotive Glass Installers and Repairers 300 0.00% $13.16 $14.38 $29,900 5.9 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 11,420 0.08% $21.26 $20.13 $41,870 5.7 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 14,730 0.10% $16.74 $17.48 $36,350 0.9 %
49-3041 Farm Equipment Mechanics 820 0.01% $14.38 $14.87 $30,920 3.3 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 5,670 0.04% $17.22 $17.77 $36,960 1.0 %
49-3043 Rail Car Repairers 1,060 0.01% $15.03 $14.57 $30,310 1.9 %
49-3051 Motorboat Mechanics 1,210 0.01% $14.55 $14.51 $30,190 2.4 %
49-3052 Motorcycle Mechanics 250 0.00% $22.80 $19.90 $41,390 6.6 %
49-3053 Outdoor Power Equipment and Other Small Engine Mechanics 480 0.00% $13.97 $14.15 $29,430 2.8 %
49-3092 Recreational Vehicle Service Technicians 760 0.01% $15.11 $15.28 $31,770 1.5 %
49-3093 Tire Repairers and Changers 3,660 0.03% $11.96 $12.62 $26,240 5.4 %
49-9011 Mechanical Door Repairers 270 0.00% $17.00 $17.76 $36,950 4.9 %
49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door 1,830 0.01% $21.28 $20.30 $42,230 2.7 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 7,470 0.05% $18.58 $19.58 $40,730 1.1 %
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers 680 0.00% $14.88 $15.12 $31,450 5.4 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 138,110 0.96% $18.62 $19.10 $39,730 0.4 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 278,270 1.93% $17.33 $17.81 $37,050 0.4 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 50,720 0.35% $16.17 $16.73 $34,800 0.6 %
49-9044 Millwrights 30,870 0.21% $22.68 $22.93 $47,700 0.8 %
49-9045 Refractory Materials Repairers, Except Brickmasons 2,950 0.02% $18.37 $18.78 $39,060 2.6 %
49-9051 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 160 0.00% $20.46 $20.69 $43,040 2.3 %
49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers 500 0.00% $16.01 $17.20 $35,780 4.1 %
49-9061 Camera and Photographic Equipment Repairers (7) (7) $15.55 $15.90 $33,070 3.0 %
49-9062 Medical Equipment Repairers 1,180 0.01% $17.40 $18.49 $38,460 2.8 %
49-9063 Musical Instrument Repairers and Tuners 270 0.00% $17.16 $16.78 $34,890 6.3 %
49-9064 Watch Repairers 90 0.00% $13.55 $13.47 $28,020 5.0 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers 3,580 0.02% $15.22 $15.14 $31,500 1.4 %
49-9093 Fabric Menders, Except Garment 780 0.01% $10.39 $10.77 $22,400 2.0 %
49-9094 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers 100 0.00% $14.98 $15.53 $32,300 4.4 %
49-9095 Manufactured Building and Mobile Home Installers 970 0.01% $12.85 $13.45 $27,980 3.0 %
49-9096 Riggers 2,790 0.02% $15.83 $16.03 $33,350 1.7 %
49-9098 Helpers—Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 13,730 0.10% $12.50 $13.18 $27,420 1.0 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 7,456,360 51.67% $12.94 $14.25 $29,640 0.2 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 511,710 3.55% $21.42 $22.78 $47,370 0.2 %
51-2011 Aircraft Structure, Surfaces, Rigging, and Systems Assemblers 19,020 0.13% $16.96 $17.42 $36,240 3.0 %
51-2021 Coil Winders, Tapers, and Finishers 27,280 0.19% $11.74 $12.27 $25,520 1.3 %
51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 206,280 1.43% $11.70 $12.56 $26,120 0.6 %
51-2023 Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers 48,260 0.33% $12.66 $13.17 $27,390 0.8 %
51-2031 Engine and Other Machine Assemblers 44,340 0.31% $16.40 $17.04 $35,450 3.0 %
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters 71,070 0.49% $13.84 $14.38 $29,920 0.7 %
51-2091 Fiberglass Laminators and Fabricators 27,990 0.19% $11.90 $12.26 $25,510 1.1 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 940,010 6.51% $11.73 $12.67 $26,360 0.6 %
51-2093 Timing Device Assemblers, Adjusters, and Calibrators 3,480 0.02% $13.02 $13.79 $28,680 2.2 %
51-3011 Bakers 48,830 0.34% $10.66 $11.56 $24,050 1.6 %
51-3021 Butchers and Meat Cutters 15,610 0.11% $10.02 $10.58 $22,000 1.6 %
51-3022 Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers 110,720 0.77% $8.81 $9.10 $18,920 0.8 %
51-3023 Slaughterers and Meat Packers 128,030 0.89% $9.96 $10.11 $21,020 0.9 %
51-3091 Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders 14,760 0.10% $12.00 $12.71 $26,440 1.7 %
51-3092 Food Batchmakers 66,910 0.46% $11.10 $11.73 $24,400 0.7 %
51-3093 Food Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders 23,160 0.16% $11.16 $11.70 $24,330 1.1 %
51-4011 Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic 121,330 0.84% $14.43 $14.92 $31,030 0.5 %
51-4012 Numerical Tool and Process Control Programmers 16,280 0.11% $18.62 $19.57 $40,710 1.0 %
51-4021 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 84,480 0.59% $13.04 $13.41 $27,900 0.5 %
51-4022 Forging Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 37,630 0.26% $13.17 $14.06 $29,240 1.2 %
51-4023 Rolling Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 37,310 0.26% $14.35 $14.82 $30,830 0.8 %
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 224,220 1.55% $12.49 $13.05 $27,150 0.4 %
51-4032 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 45,460 0.32% $13.45 $14.42 $29,990 1.3 %
51-4033 Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 92,650 0.64% $13.05 $14.06 $29,250 1.1 %
51-4034 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 68,520 0.47% $14.77 $15.18 $31,570 0.8 %
51-4035 Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 27,610 0.19% $14.62 $14.94 $31,070 0.8 %
51-4041 Machinists 286,870 1.99% $16.28 $16.69 $34,720 0.5 %
51-4051 Metal-Refining Furnace Operators and Tenders 16,460 0.11% $15.64 $16.03 $33,330 0.9 %
51-4052 Pourers and Casters, Metal 13,360 0.09% $13.68 $14.50 $30,150 1.0 %
51-4061 Model Makers, Metal and Plastic 7,570 0.05% $21.34 $21.38 $44,460 2.3 %
51-4062 Patternmakers, Metal and Plastic 5,570 0.04% $18.13 $18.69 $38,870 2.2 %
51-4071 Foundry Mold and Coremakers 18,300 0.13% $13.02 $13.97 $29,050 1.7 %
51-4072 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 142,850 0.99% $11.68 $12.48 $25,960 0.8 %
51-4081 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 89,860 0.62% $14.02 $14.88 $30,960 1.3 %
51-4111 Tool and Die Makers 98,330 0.68% $20.57 $21.13 $43,950 0.6 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 228,230 1.58% $14.23 $14.89 $30,970 0.5 %
51-4122 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 47,330 0.33% $13.97 $15.02 $31,250 1.6 %
51-4191 Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 24,180 0.17% $13.93 $14.50 $30,150 0.8 %
51-4192 Lay-Out Workers, Metal and Plastic 10,800 0.07% $15.41 $15.91 $33,100 1.6 %
51-4193 Plating and Coating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 36,990 0.26% $12.55 $13.24 $27,540 0.9 %
51-4194 Tool Grinders, Filers, and Sharpeners 17,790 0.12% $14.80 $15.38 $32,000 1.1 %
51-5011 Bindery Workers 59,560 0.41% $11.37 $12.31 $25,600 0.6 %
51-5012 Bookbinders 5,290 0.04% $13.73 $14.48 $30,120 1.8 %
51-5021 Job Printers 41,850 0.29% $15.17 $15.89 $33,050 1.9 %
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers 51,650 0.36% $15.80 $16.46 $34,240 1.0 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 132,710 0.92% $14.64 $15.62 $32,480 2.0 %
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 2,220 0.02% $9.13 $9.74 $20,250 2.7 %
51-6021 Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 13,710 0.10% $8.90 $9.62 $20,010 1.4 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators 219,100 1.52% $8.45 $9.08 $18,890 0.5 %
51-6041 Shoe and Leather Workers and Repairers 4,320 0.03% $9.47 $10.06 $20,910 1.3 %
51-6042 Shoe Machine Operators and Tenders 4,750 0.03% $9.78 $10.40 $21,630 1.8 %
51-6051 Sewers, Hand 9,390 0.07% $8.68 $9.50 $19,760 3.2 %
51-6052 Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers 4,520 0.03% $10.10 $11.15 $23,180 3.0 %
51-6061 Textile Bleaching and Dyeing Machine Operators and Tenders 20,780 0.14% $10.60 $10.82 $22,510 0.8 %
51-6062 Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 22,570 0.16% $10.26 $10.74 $22,330 1.0 %
51-6063 Textile Knitting and Weaving Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 44,440 0.31% $11.33 $11.34 $23,590 0.6 %
51-6064 Textile Winding, Twisting, and Drawing Out Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 53,680 0.37% $10.70 $11.19 $23,270 1.1 %
51-6091 Extruding and Forming Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Synthetic and Glass Fibers 23,910 0.17% $13.67 $13.81 $28,720 1.2 %
51-6092 Fabric and Apparel Patternmakers 8,130 0.06% $13.75 $16.17 $33,640 2.0 %
51-6093 Upholsterers 24,820 0.17% $12.41 $13.04 $27,110 1.4 %
51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 106,770 0.74% $11.85 $12.55 $26,110 0.6 %
51-7021 Furniture Finishers 17,820 0.12% $10.95 $11.42 $23,760 0.9 %
51-7031 Model Makers, Wood 2,680 0.02% $12.09 $14.16 $29,450 2.7 %
51-7032 Patternmakers, Wood 2,960 0.02% $14.78 $15.49 $32,210 2.4 %
51-7041 Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood 48,260 0.33% $10.89 $11.31 $23,530 0.8 %
51-7042 Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing 79,410 0.55% $10.78 $11.27 $23,440 0.6 %
51-8012 Power Distributors and Dispatchers 970 0.01% $24.04 $24.15 $50,240 1.8 %
51-8013 Power Plant Operators 2,280 0.02% $23.22 $23.58 $49,050 3.1 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 11,010 0.08% $19.24 $19.63 $40,820 0.7 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 5,130 0.04% $18.53 $19.09 $39,710 1.2 %
51-8091 Chemical Plant and System Operators 58,110 0.40% $21.30 $21.36 $44,440 1.0 %
51-8092 Gas Plant Operators 930 0.01% $21.93 $21.73 $45,190 2.3 %
51-8093 Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, and Gaugers 20,210 0.14% $25.10 $24.57 $51,100 0.9 %
51-9011 Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders 45,560 0.32% $18.49 $18.71 $38,910 1.6 %
51-9012 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 31,930 0.22% $15.47 $16.10 $33,480 1.3 %
51-9021 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 29,800 0.21% $12.53 $13.16 $27,370 0.7 %
51-9022 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 39,590 0.27% $11.18 $11.95 $24,850 0.6 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 99,010 0.69% $13.76 $14.24 $29,620 0.5 %
51-9031 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 24,370 0.17% $10.86 $11.88 $24,710 1.7 %
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 62,320 0.43% $12.79 $13.38 $27,830 0.6 %
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 69,530 0.48% $13.15 $13.85 $28,810 0.7 %
51-9051 Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders 28,490 0.20% $14.28 $14.96 $31,120 0.9 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 342,670 2.37% $13.72 $14.81 $30,810 0.4 %
51-9071 Jewelers and Precious Stone and Metal Workers 11,440 0.08% $10.92 $12.78 $26,570 3.1 %
51-9081 Dental Laboratory Technicians 35,250 0.24% $14.12 $15.85 $32,960 1.3 %
51-9082 Medical Appliance Technicians 7,220 0.05% $13.53 $14.92 $31,040 3.5 %
51-9083 Ophthalmic Laboratory Technicians 9,790 0.07% $11.03 $11.81 $24,560 2.2 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 248,540 1.72% $11.53 $12.30 $25,580 0.6 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 88,730 0.61% $12.49 $13.11 $27,270 0.4 %
51-9122 Painters, Transportation Equipment 17,320 0.12% $17.20 $18.25 $37,970 2.0 %
51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers 18,860 0.13% $10.73 $11.68 $24,300 1.2 %
51-9131 Photographic Process Workers 1,440 0.01% $14.24 $15.59 $32,420 2.5 %
51-9132 Photographic Processing Machine Operators 1,740 0.01% $13.69 $14.10 $29,320 2.6 %
51-9141 Semiconductor Processors 42,330 0.29% $13.23 $13.86 $28,830 1.2 %
51-9191 Cementing and Gluing Machine Operators and Tenders 22,410 0.16% $11.45 $12.21 $25,390 0.8 %
51-9192 Cleaning, Washing, and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 15,190 0.11% $11.59 $12.40 $25,790 1.0 %
51-9193 Cooling and Freezing Equipment Operators and Tenders 7,140 0.05% $10.54 $11.75 $24,440 1.6 %
51-9194 Etchers and Engravers 5,210 0.04% $11.36 $12.76 $26,540 2.9 %
51-9195 Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic 34,150 0.24% $11.83 $12.66 $26,320 2.6 %
51-9196 Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 103,180 0.71% $14.19 $14.65 $30,470 0.7 %
51-9197 Tire Builders 14,810 0.10% $19.01 $17.63 $36,670 2.2 %
51-9198 Helpers—Production Workers 324,500 2.25% $10.20 $10.76 $22,390 0.4 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 1,373,980 9.52% $11.78 $12.83 $26,680 0.3 %
53-1011 Aircraft Cargo Handling Supervisors 690 0.00% $20.94 $22.80 $47,430 4.9 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 31,810 0.22% $19.01 $19.97 $41,530 0.4 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 19,620 0.14% $21.09 $22.22 $46,210 0.5 %
53-2011 Airline Pilots, Copilots, and Flight Engineers 520 0.00% (4) (4) $97,360 3.8 %
53-2012 Commercial Pilots 780 0.01% (4) (4) $80,800 3.0 %
53-2021 Air Traffic Controllers 40 0.00% $32.82 $37.12 $77,210 8.2 %
53-2022 Airfield Operations Specialists 230 0.00% $28.38 $29.69 $61,750 3.1 %
53-3021 Bus Drivers, Transit and Intercity 50 0.00% $15.51 $16.29 $33,880 6.2 %
53-3022 Bus Drivers, School (7) (7) $19.09 $18.97 $39,450 3.6 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 28,000 0.19% $14.94 $15.74 $32,730 1.2 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 159,230 1.10% $14.88 $15.55 $32,350 0.4 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light Or Delivery Services 66,260 0.46% $11.67 $12.39 $25,770 0.5 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 610 0.00% $15.05 $16.03 $33,350 6.2 %
53-4011 Locomotive Engineers 130 0.00% $17.25 $18.24 $37,940 4.6 %
53-4013 Rail Yard Engineers, Dinkey Operators, and Hostlers 870 0.01% $17.93 $19.03 $39,590 2.6 %
53-4021 Railroad Brake, Signal, and Switch Operators 170 0.00% $16.73 $18.90 $39,300 5.6 %
53-4031 Railroad Conductors and Yardmasters 120 0.00% $17.18 $17.49 $36,390 3.5 %
53-5011 Sailors and Marine Oilers 740 0.01% $17.94 $18.91 $39,340 6.9 %
53-5021 Captains, Mates, and Pilots of Water Vessels 360 0.00% $28.28 $33.96 $70,630 7.1 %
53-5022 Motorboat Operators 40 0.00% $15.55 $15.82 $32,910 4.9 %
53-5031 Ship Engineers 180 0.00% $23.12 $25.60 $53,250 7.3 %
53-6021 Parking Lot Attendants 60 0.00% $12.52 $13.71 $28,520 9.9 %
53-6031 Service Station Attendants 290 0.00% $9.50 $10.97 $22,820 11.0 %
53-6051 Transportation Inspectors 850 0.01% $26.39 $25.68 $53,410 2.1 %
53-7011 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 18,130 0.13% $12.80 $13.38 $27,830 0.9 %
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators 14,480 0.10% $16.15 $16.95 $35,260 1.1 %
53-7031 Dredge Operators 50 0.00% $14.65 $14.80 $30,780 4.5 %
53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators 2,430 0.02% $14.93 $15.42 $32,070 2.1 %
53-7033 Loading Machine Operators, Underground Mining 200 0.00% $10.83 $11.75 $24,440 5.7 %
53-7041 Hoist and Winch Operators 2,620 0.02% $12.89 $14.21 $29,560 1.9 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 236,450 1.64% $13.00 $13.75 $28,590 0.4 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 28,550 0.20% $10.86 $12.76 $26,540 2.0 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 348,270 2.41% $10.73 $11.62 $24,170 0.5 %
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 126,600 0.88% $10.88 $11.46 $23,830 0.5 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 263,790 1.83% $9.70 $10.18 $21,180 0.4 %
53-7071 Gas Compressor and Gas Pumping Station Operators 350 0.00% $18.43 $17.42 $36,240 4.6 %
53-7072 Pump Operators, Except Wellhead Pumpers 2,860 0.02% $18.10 $18.32 $38,110 3.4 %
53-7073 Wellhead Pumpers 70 0.00% $17.98 $17.76 $36,950 3.7 %
53-7081 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 350 0.00% $11.69 $12.86 $26,750 3.1 %
53-7121 Tank Car, Truck, and Ship Loaders 4,220 0.03% $14.91 $15.99 $33,250 2.0 %

About November 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Hourly wage rates for occupations where workers typically work fewer than 2,080 hours per year are not available.

(5) This median wage is equal to or greater than $70.00 per hour or $145,600 per year.

(7) Estimates not released.



Other OES estimates and related information:

November 2003 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

November 2003 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

November 2003 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

November 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Technical notes

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Last Modified Date: November 24, 2004

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