Occupational Employment Statistics

November 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Sector 54 - Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services

These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in Sector 54 - Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services.

These and other data elements, including the 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages are available in the downloadable Excel files (XLS).

Sector 54 - Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services consists of:

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in Sector 54 - Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services:

Sector 54 - Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services

Click on the SOC code number to view an occupational profile.

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 6,620,990 100.00% $21.32 $27.11 $56,390 0.4 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 520,210 7.86% $46.25 $51.47 $107,050 0.4 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 39,920 0.60% (5) $75.29 $156,610 0.9 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 151,270 2.28% $50.22 $55.68 $115,810 0.9 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 12,080 0.18% $37.92 $44.10 $91,720 2.3 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 29,690 0.45% $44.85 $49.30 $102,540 1.1 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 20,840 0.31% $50.25 $54.31 $112,970 1.2 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 8,170 0.12% $39.72 $46.28 $96,270 4.6 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 25,240 0.38% $28.92 $33.62 $69,930 1.2 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 56,630 0.86% $47.25 $50.30 $104,630 1.0 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 42,860 0.65% $42.75 $47.87 $99,580 1.0 %
11-3040 Human Resources Managers 15,460 0.23% $39.39 $43.13 $89,700 1.4 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 3,530 0.05% $44.01 $46.20 $96,100 2.0 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 4,640 0.07% $39.56 $41.57 $86,470 2.0 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 1,410 0.02% $36.40 $39.54 $82,250 1.9 %
11-9011 Farm, Ranch, and Other Agricultural Managers 90 0.00% $22.91 $27.42 $57,030 9.0 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 9,690 0.15% $34.62 $37.62 $78,250 1.8 %
11-9033 Education Administrators, Postsecondary 60 0.00% $38.03 $46.92 $97,580 9.0 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 50,500 0.76% $47.39 $50.28 $104,570 0.7 %
11-9051 Food Service Managers 910 0.01% $20.75 $23.19 $48,230 4.6 %
11-9081 Lodging Managers 40 0.00% $27.78 $27.84 $57,910 8.6 %
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 3,770 0.06% $31.48 $37.16 $77,300 4.4 %
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers 10,280 0.16% $45.85 $50.09 $104,180 2.0 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 1,980 0.03% $23.69 $29.88 $62,160 15.5 %
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers 1,010 0.02% $23.11 $27.81 $57,840 15.8 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 711,760 10.75% $26.34 $31.69 $65,920 1.0 %
13-1011 Agents and Business Managers of Artists, Performers, and Athletes 1,650 0.02% $29.43 $31.32 $65,150 3.9 %
13-1021 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 190 0.00% $23.90 $31.88 $66,310 12.0 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 1,340 0.02% $25.05 $27.95 $58,140 9.1 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 18,420 0.28% $24.27 $25.96 $53,990 1.8 %
13-1031 Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 2,300 0.03% $18.81 $21.51 $44,750 6.6 %
13-1032 Insurance Appraisers, Auto Damage 120 0.00% $18.59 $20.73 $43,120 9.6 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 5,790 0.09% $25.94 $28.03 $58,300 1.9 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 6,920 0.10% $27.43 $28.65 $59,590 1.6 %
13-1061 Emergency Management Specialists 650 0.01% $27.42 $29.99 $62,370 9.3 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 27,080 0.41% $26.24 $32.85 $68,330 4.3 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 7,370 0.11% $25.22 $27.01 $56,170 1.5 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 15,200 0.23% $25.65 $27.20 $56,570 1.5 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 168,710 2.55% $34.18 $41.21 $85,720 2.3 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 2,500 0.04% $20.22 $22.84 $47,510 3.0 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 284,530 4.30% $24.99 $29.91 $62,210 1.2 %
13-2021 Appraisers and Assessors of Real Estate 1,230 0.02% $19.62 $23.90 $49,720 11.1 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 4,920 0.07% $28.48 $31.37 $65,240 3.8 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 1,350 0.02% $24.95 $26.85 $55,840 5.9 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 16,470 0.25% $28.79 $31.84 $66,230 2.1 %
13-2052 Personal Financial Advisors 4,400 0.07% $28.72 $38.36 $79,800 12.2 %
13-2053 Insurance Underwriters 370 0.01% $23.07 $25.54 $53,130 4.2 %
13-2061 Financial Examiners 360 0.01% $24.76 $26.65 $55,430 3.7 %
13-2071 Loan Counselors 690 0.01% $14.80 $16.08 $33,450 4.3 %
13-2072 Loan Officers 1,460 0.02% $21.71 $24.42 $50,800 3.8 %
13-2082 Tax Preparers 43,970 0.66% $12.95 $15.97 $33,230 2.7 %
Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 857,610 12.95% $31.47 $33.24 $69,140 0.7 %
15-1011 Computer and Information Scientists, Research 10,800 0.16% $41.03 $42.16 $87,700 1.6 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 134,730 2.03% $31.06 $32.96 $68,570 1.8 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 170,160 2.57% $36.14 $37.81 $78,640 2.0 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 115,330 1.74% $37.76 $39.47 $82,100 1.6 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 112,870 1.70% $20.16 $21.77 $45,270 1.4 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 131,940 1.99% $31.81 $33.70 $70,090 2.0 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 22,430 0.34% $32.14 $32.99 $68,620 1.2 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 58,150 0.88% $29.02 $30.35 $63,130 1.3 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 41,790 0.63% $29.94 $31.49 $65,500 1.6 %
15-2011 Actuaries 3,000 0.05% $44.04 $54.17 $112,670 3.8 %
15-2021 Mathematicians 590 0.01% $38.86 $42.21 $87,800 5.4 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 13,140 0.20% $31.91 $32.75 $68,110 1.9 %
15-2041 Statisticians 4,130 0.06% $28.63 $31.46 $65,440 2.3 %
15-2091 Mathematical Technicians 330 0.00% $23.19 $23.73 $49,350 2.6 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 767,580 11.59% $25.83 $28.23 $58,720 0.5 %
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval 78,800 1.19% $27.83 $31.26 $65,030 1.5 %
17-1012 Landscape Architects 12,220 0.18% $23.93 $26.30 $54,710 2.9 %
17-1021 Cartographers and Photogrammetrists 4,840 0.07% $20.88 $22.55 $46,910 2.3 %
17-1022 Surveyors 40,600 0.61% $19.34 $20.97 $43,620 1.2 %
17-2011 Aerospace Engineers 8,660 0.13% $39.46 $40.86 $85,000 2.4 %
17-2021 Agricultural Engineers 830 0.01% $29.17 $31.03 $64,540 6.4 %
17-2031 Biomedical Engineers 1,630 0.02% $33.27 $35.39 $73,620 4.1 %
17-2041 Chemical Engineers 9,000 0.14% $38.55 $41.69 $86,720 6.2 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 108,890 1.64% $30.05 $32.08 $66,740 0.6 %
17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers 16,030 0.24% $37.44 $38.93 $80,970 2.1 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 42,920 0.65% $35.38 $36.53 $75,980 1.6 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 24,190 0.37% $38.52 $38.90 $80,910 1.7 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 21,390 0.32% $29.66 $31.53 $65,580 1.7 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 4,350 0.07% $31.74 $34.41 $71,560 6.9 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 19,130 0.29% $33.73 $34.15 $71,040 1.3 %
17-2121 Marine Engineers and Naval Architects 3,030 0.05% $32.51 $34.60 $71,960 3.4 %
17-2131 Materials Engineers 3,610 0.05% $32.13 $32.65 $67,920 3.7 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 52,670 0.80% $33.67 $35.06 $72,930 1.5 %
17-2151 Mining and Geological Engineers, Including Mining Safety Engineers 1,180 0.02% $27.48 $30.52 $63,470 3.3 %
17-2161 Nuclear Engineers 4,010 0.06% $40.75 $42.21 $87,800 2.0 %
17-2171 Petroleum Engineers 2,680 0.04% $32.09 $37.55 $78,100 6.5 %
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters 73,970 1.12% $18.18 $18.79 $39,090 0.6 %
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters 10,770 0.16% $20.18 $22.18 $46,140 1.5 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 21,570 0.33% $21.02 $22.24 $46,260 2.0 %
17-3021 Aerospace Engineering and Operations Technicians 1,690 0.03% $24.70 $25.40 $52,840 2.7 %
17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians 40,160 0.61% $18.01 $18.97 $39,460 1.2 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 24,630 0.37% $22.27 $22.70 $47,210 1.1 %
17-3024 Electro-Mechanical Technicians 3,240 0.05% $21.54 $21.97 $45,710 2.8 %
17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technicians 9,330 0.14% $17.21 $18.52 $38,530 2.2 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 6,710 0.10% $26.83 $27.76 $57,730 6.4 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 12,540 0.19% $20.55 $21.33 $44,370 1.4 %
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 40,670 0.61% $13.39 $14.60 $30,370 0.9 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 264,330 3.99% $22.88 $27.11 $56,390 1.0 %
19-1010 Agricultural and Food Scientists 3,500 0.05% $25.58 $27.17 $56,520 2.3 %
19-1021 Biochemists and Biophysicists 7,960 0.12% $30.09 $33.04 $68,730 5.8 %
19-1022 Microbiologists 3,210 0.05% $25.03 $27.87 $57,970 3.0 %
19-1023 Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists 2,470 0.04% $25.09 $25.99 $54,060 4.2 %
19-1031 Conservation Scientists 510 0.01% $22.97 $25.91 $53,890 10.6 %
19-1032 Foresters 330 0.00% $17.63 $20.01 $41,630 5.5 %
19-1041 Epidemiologists (7) (7) $28.37 $32.11 $66,790 5.3 %
19-1042 Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists 21,350 0.32% $30.66 $34.78 $72,340 2.9 %
19-2011 Astronomers 220 0.00% $29.33 $31.13 $64,760 4.4 %
19-2012 Physicists 4,610 0.07% $42.00 $44.00 $91,530 3.0 %
19-2021 Atmospheric and Space Scientists 3,080 0.05% $24.36 $27.27 $56,710 7.1 %
19-2031 Chemists 23,260 0.35% $24.06 $27.11 $56,380 2.0 %
19-2032 Materials Scientists 2,430 0.04% $32.48 $34.18 $71,090 4.0 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 21,210 0.32% $24.18 $28.12 $58,490 3.5 %
19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers 11,690 0.18% $30.67 $36.99 $76,930 10.2 %
19-2043 Hydrologists 2,920 0.04% $27.57 $29.91 $62,220 2.5 %
19-3011 Economists 2,670 0.04% $39.83 $47.22 $98,210 4.4 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 39,470 0.60% $24.33 $29.09 $60,510 3.5 %
19-3022 Survey Researchers 12,300 0.19% $11.32 $14.70 $30,580 3.2 %
19-3031 Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists 670 0.01% $26.52 $33.31 $69,290 14.7 %
19-3032 Industrial-Organizational Psychologists 800 0.01% $32.97 $36.59 $76,110 4.4 %
19-3041 Sociologists 1,790 0.03% $33.02 $34.04 $70,790 3.1 %
19-3051 Urban and Regional Planners 4,330 0.07% $27.60 $29.90 $62,190 1.8 %
19-3091 Anthropologists and Archeologists 2,870 0.04% $16.95 $19.45 $40,450 3.7 %
19-3092 Geographers 80 0.00% $21.79 $22.24 $46,270 4.0 %
19-3093 Historians 690 0.01% $19.55 $22.24 $46,250 6.1 %
19-3094 Political Scientists 900 0.01% $34.12 $35.84 $74,550 3.4 %
19-4011 Agricultural and Food Science Technicians 3,160 0.05% $13.58 $14.78 $30,740 3.6 %
19-4021 Biological Technicians 17,100 0.26% $16.82 $17.97 $37,370 1.2 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 15,220 0.23% $14.92 $16.50 $34,320 2.2 %
19-4041 Geological and Petroleum Technicians 3,480 0.05% $15.64 $17.03 $35,410 3.0 %
19-4051 Nuclear Technicians 1,200 0.02% $26.04 $27.67 $57,560 4.2 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health 9,500 0.14% $15.39 $16.36 $34,040 2.0 %
19-4092 Forensic Science Technicians (7) (7) $35.70 $33.18 $69,010 10.3 %
19-4093 Forest and Conservation Technicians 1,130 0.02% $13.43 $14.18 $29,500 2.3 %
Community and Social Services Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 10,270 0.16% $15.85 $18.79 $39,080 6.7 %
21-1011 Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors (7) (7) $15.73 $16.21 $33,710 2.6 %
21-1012 Educational, Vocational, and School Counselors 1,380 0.02% $16.58 $26.71 $55,550 16.0 %
21-1014 Mental Health Counselors 160 0.00% $20.70 $20.53 $42,710 3.5 %
21-1015 Rehabilitation Counselors 120 0.00% $17.27 $18.93 $39,360 7.8 %
21-1021 Child, Family, and School Social Workers 530 0.01% $17.82 $18.71 $38,910 6.2 %
21-1022 Medical and Public Health Social Workers 1,270 0.02% $17.59 $17.64 $36,700 7.0 %
21-1023 Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers 250 0.00% $14.88 $15.47 $32,190 9.2 %
21-1091 Health Educators 1,390 0.02% $21.92 $23.67 $49,230 4.9 %
21-1092 Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists (7) (7) $13.63 $14.16 $29,450 5.2 %
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants 2,290 0.03% $10.11 $11.67 $24,270 8.8 %
21-2021 Directors, Religious Activities and Education 90 0.00% $21.00 $20.32 $42,270 6.4 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 554,530 8.38% $30.62 $41.45 $86,210 1.3 %
23-1011 Lawyers 351,730 5.31% $47.11 $54.59 $113,540 1.1 %
23-1022 Arbitrators, Mediators, and Conciliators 950 0.01% $39.54 $44.65 $92,870 11.5 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 159,370 2.41% $17.80 $19.22 $39,990 1.6 %
23-2091 Court Reporters (7) (7) $18.07 $14.36 $29,870 27.9 %
23-2092 Law Clerks 19,160 0.29% $13.16 $14.87 $30,930 4.6 %
23-2093 Title Examiners, Abstractors, and Searchers 19,020 0.29% $14.82 $16.14 $33,560 1.9 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 19,390 0.29% $21.02 $24.96 $51,920 4.7 %
25-1031 Architecture Teachers, Postsecondary 80 0.00% (4) (4) $55,870 12.7 %
25-1032 Engineering Teachers, Postsecondary (7) (7) (4) (4) $82,690 5.5 %
25-1042 Biological Science Teachers, Postsecondary 310 0.00% (4) (4) $100,360 7.8 %
25-1052 Chemistry Teachers, Postsecondary 270 0.00% (4) (4) $72,150 11.9 %
25-1191 Graduate Teaching Assistants 410 0.01% (4) (4) $27,470 7.2 %
25-1194 Vocational Education Teachers, Postsecondary (7) (7) $16.10 $16.95 $35,260 4.8 %
25-2011 Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education 340 0.01% $16.17 $16.64 $34,600 9.8 %
25-2031 Secondary School Teachers, Except Special and Vocational Education 100 0.00% (4) (4) $45,910 6.3 %
25-2032 Vocational Education Teachers, Secondary School 140 0.00% (4) (4) $44,610 6.6 %
25-3011 Adult Literacy, Remedial Education, and Ged Teachers and Instructors 360 0.01% $13.27 $14.63 $30,440 4.4 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 600 0.01% $14.60 $17.63 $36,670 9.2 %
25-4010 Archivists, Curators, and Museum Technicians 390 0.01% $18.51 $18.39 $38,250 2.5 %
25-4021 Librarians 3,670 0.06% $24.52 $24.99 $51,990 0.9 %
25-4031 Library Technicians 1,460 0.02% $15.99 $16.86 $35,080 1.9 %
25-9021 Farm and Home Management Advisors 470 0.01% $12.02 $17.42 $36,240 10.3 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 3,310 0.05% $26.51 $27.69 $57,600 2.6 %
25-9041 Teacher Assistants 690 0.01% (4) (4) $21,440 3.5 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 283,360 4.28% $20.01 $23.67 $49,230 1.5 %
27-1011 Art Directors 13,520 0.20% $32.15 $36.83 $76,610 1.6 %
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators 1,360 0.02% $21.62 $23.42 $48,720 4.2 %
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators 13,330 0.20% $21.70 $24.83 $51,640 2.7 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 9,710 0.15% $28.57 $30.78 $64,030 4.4 %
27-1022 Fashion Designers 510 0.01% $31.70 $33.85 $70,410 6.9 %
27-1023 Floral Designers 210 0.00% $16.96 $18.53 $38,540 12.9 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 62,500 0.94% $19.30 $22.20 $46,170 2.2 %
27-1025 Interior Designers 25,710 0.39% $20.34 $22.54 $46,880 2.1 %
27-1026 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 4,670 0.07% $10.91 $11.94 $24,830 3.3 %
27-1027 Set and Exhibit Designers 1,130 0.02% $16.60 $18.65 $38,790 5.9 %
27-2011 Actors 11,310 0.17% (4) (4) $54,290 6.2 %
27-2012 Producers and Directors 3,760 0.06% (4) (4) $80,350 3.4 %
27-2022 Coaches and Scouts 40 0.00% (4) (4) $70,220 23.2 %
27-2031 Dancers (7) (7) $10.70 $11.99 $24,940 2.2 %
27-2041 Music Directors and Composers (7) (7) (4) (4) $59,380 6.6 %
27-2042 Musicians and Singers 3,660 0.06% (4) (4) $59,850 28.6 %
27-3010 Announcers 780 0.01% $12.55 $17.05 $35,470 8.6 %
27-3020 News Analysts, Reporters and Correspondents 470 0.01% $18.18 $19.24 $40,020 5.1 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 32,110 0.48% $23.13 $27.11 $56,390 2.6 %
27-3041 Editors 10,180 0.15% $18.09 $22.05 $45,860 3.7 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 15,700 0.24% $25.31 $26.82 $55,790 1.1 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 10,420 0.16% $24.28 $30.93 $64,330 9.6 %
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators 5,180 0.08% $17.79 $19.79 $41,150 4.4 %
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians 1,160 0.02% $16.79 $18.45 $38,380 3.9 %
27-4012 Broadcast Technicians 460 0.01% $15.37 $16.96 $35,280 4.5 %
27-4014 Sound Engineering Technicians 770 0.01% $19.87 $22.03 $45,820 6.1 %
27-4021 Photographers 38,460 0.58% $11.25 $13.66 $28,420 2.1 %
27-4031 Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Picture 1,180 0.02% $13.84 $19.28 $40,110 13.8 %
27-4032 Film and Video Editors 320 0.00% $14.41 $15.83 $32,930 9.0 %
Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 127,330 1.92% $17.99 $23.25 $48,370 1.4 %
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists 90 0.00% $22.21 $22.64 $47,100 4.4 %
29-1051 Pharmacists 660 0.01% $40.44 $47.69 $99,200 13.7 %
29-1062 Family and General Practitioners 210 0.00% $64.22 $65.21 $135,640 4.2 %
29-1063 Internists, General (7) (7) $41.51 $45.63 $94,920 14.1 %
29-1066 Psychiatrists 120 0.00% $61.45 $62.24 $129,450 12.6 %
29-1067 Surgeons (7) (7) $68.42 $69.14 $143,810 7.1 %
29-1071 Physician Assistants 200 0.00% $35.55 $39.76 $82,700 10.5 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 11,560 0.17% $25.45 $26.20 $54,500 2.0 %
29-1121 Audiologists (7) (7) $24.28 $26.19 $54,480 1.5 %
29-1122 Occupational Therapists 160 0.00% $26.53 $26.87 $55,890 3.4 %
29-1123 Physical Therapists (7) (7) $59.56 $50.57 $105,180 8.7 %
29-1124 Radiation Therapists 70 0.00% $26.27 $28.37 $59,010 5.6 %
29-1126 Respiratory Therapists (7) (7) $26.54 $26.36 $54,820 3.4 %
29-1127 Speech-Language Pathologists 210 0.00% $28.61 $45.90 $95,480 16.9 %
29-1131 Veterinarians 41,740 0.63% $31.32 $36.32 $75,540 1.7 %
29-2011 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 2,280 0.03% $23.84 $23.95 $49,810 2.7 %
29-2012 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 5,340 0.08% $14.45 $15.54 $32,310 3.1 %
29-2031 Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians (7) (7) $19.95 $19.67 $40,910 2.4 %
29-2032 Diagnostic Medical Sonographers 70 0.00% $25.47 $24.82 $51,630 3.4 %
29-2033 Nuclear Medicine Technologists 40 0.00% $27.07 $27.34 $56,860 4.3 %
29-2034 Radiologic Technologists and Technicians 1,140 0.02% $19.77 $19.40 $40,340 6.0 %
29-2052 Pharmacy Technicians (7) (7) $13.88 $14.34 $29,830 6.6 %
29-2053 Psychiatric Technicians 240 0.00% $11.58 $12.53 $26,050 5.9 %
29-2054 Respiratory Therapy Technicians 40 0.00% $16.99 $16.33 $33,960 8.8 %
29-2055 Surgical Technologists 80 0.00% $16.08 $16.29 $33,880 4.4 %
29-2056 Veterinary Technologists and Technicians 50,880 0.77% $11.49 $11.98 $24,910 0.9 %
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses 1,410 0.02% $18.61 $18.61 $38,710 2.7 %
29-2071 Medical Records and Health Information Technicians 3,230 0.05% $15.39 $17.51 $36,430 4.3 %
29-9010 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists and Technicians 2,670 0.04% $24.34 $25.36 $52,740 3.0 %
Healthcare Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 68,850 1.04% $8.82 $9.47 $19,700 1.3 %
31-1011 Home Health Aides 1,580 0.02% $8.46 $8.79 $18,290 3.3 %
31-1012 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 1,390 0.02% $10.00 $10.50 $21,830 3.3 %
31-2021 Physical Therapist Assistants (7) (7) $16.95 $15.93 $33,130 3.4 %
31-9091 Dental Assistants (7) (7) $14.28 $14.96 $31,120 6.4 %
31-9092 Medical Assistants 1,060 0.02% $13.08 $13.48 $28,040 2.6 %
31-9093 Medical Equipment Preparers 620 0.01% $10.99 $11.70 $24,340 2.6 %
31-9094 Medical Transcriptionists 940 0.01% $14.57 $14.95 $31,090 3.1 %
31-9096 Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers 61,430 0.93% $8.67 $9.21 $19,160 1.5 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 9,430 0.14% $14.95 $17.71 $36,830 4.4 %
33-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Fire Fighting and Prevention Workers 70 0.00% $23.31 $26.18 $54,450 6.6 %
33-2011 Fire Fighters 330 0.00% $15.50 $16.82 $34,990 8.7 %
33-2021 Fire Inspectors and Investigators 220 0.00% $23.93 $25.28 $52,570 4.8 %
33-9021 Private Detectives and Investigators 1,340 0.02% $23.06 $25.92 $53,920 7.0 %
33-9032 Security Guards 6,030 0.09% $11.34 $14.01 $29,150 3.7 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 5,990 0.09% $8.84 $10.83 $22,530 4.4 %
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 80 0.00% $23.09 $23.77 $49,450 3.6 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 730 0.01% $16.96 $17.80 $37,020 5.8 %
35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food 270 0.00% $7.55 $8.47 $17,620 10.0 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 250 0.00% $10.18 $10.39 $21,600 4.8 %
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant 190 0.00% $10.44 $11.31 $23,520 4.8 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 350 0.01% $12.19 $12.32 $25,630 3.4 %
35-3011 Bartenders 820 0.01% $6.98 $8.19 $17,040 4.8 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 780 0.01% $7.07 $8.07 $16,780 5.7 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 870 0.01% $7.84 $8.51 $17,710 4.4 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses 690 0.01% $9.59 $11.35 $23,610 6.6 %
35-3041 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant 160 0.00% $13.77 $13.36 $27,790 5.4 %
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 200 0.00% $7.12 $8.10 $16,840 3.9 %
35-9021 Dishwashers 160 0.00% $9.87 $9.93 $20,660 4.0 %
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop 120 0.00% $10.29 $10.81 $22,480 4.5 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 45,040 0.68% $9.74 $10.67 $22,190 1.1 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 820 0.01% $16.89 $17.76 $36,930 2.9 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 1,990 0.03% $16.22 $17.58 $36,560 3.0 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 19,250 0.29% $9.48 $10.11 $21,020 1.0 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 3,950 0.06% $8.45 $9.00 $18,720 1.7 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 17,890 0.27% $9.71 $10.49 $21,820 2.2 %
37-3012 Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation (7) (7) $8.96 $10.25 $21,320 5.2 %
37-3013 Tree Trimmers and Pruners 320 0.00% $12.21 $12.78 $26,590 4.1 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 28,120 0.42% $8.03 $9.90 $20,580 6.1 %
39-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service Workers 450 0.01% $16.07 $17.24 $35,860 4.2 %
39-2011 Animal Trainers 390 0.01% $10.81 $11.40 $23,700 4.0 %
39-2021 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers 22,230 0.34% $7.71 $8.36 $17,390 1.5 %
39-3031 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers (7) (7) $12.36 $11.62 $24,160 5.2 %
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 720 0.01% $7.51 $8.21 $17,070 1.9 %
39-5012 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 290 0.00% (7) (7) (7) (7)
39-5091 Makeup Artists, Theatrical and Performance 140 0.00% $8.56 $11.88 $24,710 11.0 %
39-6012 Concierges 70 0.00% $8.17 $9.20 $19,130 7.3 %
39-6021 Tour Guides and Escorts 230 0.00% $11.65 $11.20 $23,300 8.6 %
39-6022 Travel Guides (7) (7) $12.80 $14.55 $30,270 7.7 %
39-9011 Child Care Workers 520 0.01% $8.52 $9.09 $18,910 2.1 %
39-9021 Personal and Home Care Aides 1,560 0.02% $14.04 $23.73 $49,350 13.4 %
39-9031 Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors (7) (7) $19.27 $18.65 $38,790 3.8 %
39-9032 Recreation Workers 90 0.00% $9.41 $11.94 $24,840 6.6 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 281,220 4.25% $20.12 $24.99 $51,970 1.3 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 5,560 0.08% $18.52 $22.09 $45,940 4.4 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 13,780 0.21% $34.89 $38.22 $79,490 1.5 %
41-2011 Cashiers 2,090 0.03% $8.09 $9.25 $19,230 3.2 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 5,380 0.08% $7.96 $8.62 $17,940 2.8 %
41-2022 Parts Salespersons 220 0.00% $12.39 $12.43 $25,860 6.1 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 10,550 0.16% $9.00 $12.14 $25,250 7.1 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents 43,450 0.66% $21.65 $26.32 $54,750 2.8 %
41-3021 Insurance Sales Agents 1,550 0.02% $17.43 $25.25 $52,520 8.2 %
41-3031 Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents 3,150 0.05% $26.31 $32.81 $68,240 7.4 %
41-3041 Travel Agents 440 0.01% $13.15 $13.79 $28,680 4.1 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 33,460 0.51% $33.34 $36.12 $75,130 2.3 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 29,780 0.45% $22.21 $25.19 $52,390 2.2 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters 22,600 0.34% $8.58 $10.49 $21,810 3.0 %
41-9021 Real Estate Brokers 270 0.00% $22.21 $33.84 $70,390 27.6 %
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents 1,750 0.03% $22.11 $24.40 $50,750 4.7 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers 9,240 0.14% $38.47 $40.15 $83,510 2.6 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 31,620 0.48% $10.49 $11.93 $24,820 1.8 %
41-9091 Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers 1,430 0.02% $10.22 $13.73 $28,560 5.1 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 1,770,530 26.74% $13.46 $14.64 $30,450 0.3 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 95,090 1.44% $20.80 $22.45 $46,690 0.6 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 9,680 0.15% $12.24 $12.63 $26,270 1.1 %
43-2021 Telephone Operators 1,460 0.02% $9.54 $10.08 $20,970 3.5 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 27,850 0.42% $14.19 $15.25 $31,710 1.5 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 42,750 0.65% $12.70 $13.50 $28,080 1.4 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 195,010 2.95% $13.80 $14.45 $30,050 0.6 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 14,900 0.23% $14.13 $15.62 $32,480 3.3 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 2,600 0.04% $15.95 $16.23 $33,760 1.4 %
43-3071 Tellers 1,400 0.02% $9.72 $10.30 $21,430 2.2 %
43-4021 Correspondence Clerks 1,730 0.03% $13.65 $13.93 $28,960 2.0 %
43-4031 Court, Municipal, and License Clerks 390 0.01% $15.25 $14.63 $30,430 12.4 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 1,480 0.02% $13.56 $14.41 $29,980 5.1 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 102,970 1.56% $13.78 $15.25 $31,710 1.2 %
43-4061 Eligibility Interviewers, Government Programs 470 0.01% $14.61 $15.28 $31,780 5.4 %
43-4071 File Clerks 31,620 0.48% $10.11 $10.85 $22,570 1.3 %
43-4081 Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks 250 0.00% $11.73 $11.58 $24,080 4.8 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan 58,390 0.88% $8.85 $9.54 $19,830 1.3 %
43-4121 Library Assistants, Clerical 1,470 0.02% $13.21 $13.48 $28,040 1.3 %
43-4131 Loan Interviewers and Clerks 4,810 0.07% $14.39 $14.91 $31,010 1.7 %
43-4141 New Accounts Clerks 560 0.01% $13.53 $13.97 $29,070 1.9 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 7,460 0.11% $12.84 $13.48 $28,040 2.9 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 9,830 0.15% $17.25 $17.82 $37,050 0.7 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 110,380 1.67% $10.69 $11.08 $23,050 0.5 %
43-4181 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks 170 0.00% $15.61 $16.47 $34,250 3.2 %
43-5011 Cargo and Freight Agents 1,810 0.03% $15.91 $16.61 $34,550 11.6 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 16,590 0.25% $9.41 $9.99 $20,780 1.3 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 1,550 0.02% $13.96 $14.71 $30,590 2.8 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 20,220 0.31% $17.37 $18.29 $38,040 1.1 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 12,960 0.20% $12.55 $13.30 $27,660 1.3 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 9,190 0.14% $11.25 $12.66 $26,330 2.6 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 2,410 0.04% $11.74 $12.77 $26,560 3.1 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 170,990 2.58% $17.66 $18.42 $38,300 0.8 %
43-6012 Legal Secretaries 239,710 3.62% $17.13 $17.96 $37,350 1.0 %
43-6013 Medical Secretaries 7,610 0.11% $11.15 $11.78 $24,490 2.6 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 199,450 3.01% $12.39 $12.91 $26,840 0.9 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 16,760 0.25% $14.75 $15.98 $33,240 1.6 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 37,010 0.56% $10.59 $11.02 $22,920 1.5 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 20,980 0.32% $16.22 $16.82 $34,990 1.0 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 3,270 0.05% $16.00 $16.95 $35,250 2.8 %
43-9041 Insurance Claims and Policy Processing Clerks 2,550 0.04% $14.47 $14.89 $30,980 1.6 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 26,500 0.40% $9.96 $10.35 $21,540 1.4 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 229,080 3.46% $10.49 $11.21 $23,310 0.6 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 5,890 0.09% $11.92 $12.60 $26,200 1.5 %
43-9081 Proofreaders and Copy Markers 3,000 0.05% $15.33 $15.77 $32,800 1.8 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants 2,750 0.04% $15.83 $16.17 $33,640 2.7 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 4,960 0.07% $10.03 $11.78 $24,490 5.1 %
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers 420 0.01% $15.69 $17.58 $36,570 10.4 %
45-2011 Agricultural Inspectors 390 0.01% $13.61 $19.81 $41,200 17.4 %
45-2041 Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products (7) (7) $9.90 $10.59 $22,030 4.2 %
45-2091 Agricultural Equipment Operators 210 0.00% $8.08 $8.16 $16,970 3.6 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 1,490 0.02% $9.71 $10.26 $21,330 3.4 %
45-2093 Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals 1,050 0.02% $9.20 $9.25 $19,240 3.9 %
45-4011 Forest and Conservation Workers 230 0.00% $9.85 $11.75 $24,440 5.0 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 58,230 0.88% $18.26 $19.51 $40,580 1.0 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 3,930 0.06% $25.58 $26.59 $55,310 1.8 %
47-2011 Boilermakers (7) (7) $19.68 $19.36 $40,270 5.0 %
47-2021 Brickmasons and Blockmasons 90 0.00% $18.95 $19.17 $39,870 4.8 %
47-2031 Carpenters 3,520 0.05% $17.43 $18.58 $38,650 2.4 %
47-2044 Tile and Marble Setters (7) (7) $21.16 $22.16 $46,090 3.7 %
47-2051 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers 270 0.00% $14.05 $15.25 $31,730 6.4 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 2,990 0.05% $12.87 $14.35 $29,840 3.9 %
47-2071 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 50 0.00% $13.68 $16.74 $34,810 19.0 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 1,630 0.02% $16.87 $19.51 $40,590 5.3 %
47-2111 Electricians 4,230 0.06% $21.18 $20.81 $43,290 3.0 %
47-2130 Insulation Workers 140 0.00% $17.03 $19.12 $39,770 14.2 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 1,970 0.03% $13.45 $14.83 $30,840 4.1 %
47-2142 Paperhangers 1,550 0.02% $14.27 $14.62 $30,400 1.8 %
47-2151 Pipelayers (7) (7) $23.29 $22.36 $46,520 8.2 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 1,750 0.03% $19.92 $20.06 $41,730 2.9 %
47-2171 Reinforcing Iron and Rebar Workers (7) (7) $10.96 $11.16 $23,220 2.9 %
47-2181 Roofers (7) (7) $29.96 $26.81 $55,770 18.8 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 470 0.01% $20.86 $20.36 $42,350 3.6 %
47-2221 Structural Iron and Steel Workers 640 0.01% $20.58 $18.98 $39,470 9.1 %
47-3012 Helpers—Carpenters (7) (7) $10.43 $10.79 $22,440 3.5 %
47-3013 Helpers—Electricians 260 0.00% $10.62 $11.23 $23,370 10.0 %
47-3014 Helpers—Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons 40 0.00% $7.57 $9.26 $19,250 7.0 %
47-3015 Helpers—Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 120 0.00% $10.30 $11.12 $23,120 3.3 %
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors 24,220 0.37% $20.42 $21.52 $44,760 1.4 %
47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 2,420 0.04% $18.03 $19.61 $40,790 3.0 %
47-4051 Highway Maintenance Workers 420 0.01% $10.21 $10.81 $22,480 6.7 %
47-4071 Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners 180 0.00% $13.87 $13.80 $28,700 4.0 %
47-5012 Rotary Drill Operators, Oil and Gas 830 0.01% $12.95 $13.17 $27,400 18.2 %
47-5021 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas 1,270 0.02% $14.93 $15.13 $31,470 2.1 %
47-5071 Roustabouts, Oil and Gas 140 0.00% $9.31 $10.18 $21,170 9.5 %
47-5081 Helpers—Extraction Workers 680 0.01% $10.92 $11.39 $23,700 6.6 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 63,250 0.96% $19.19 $19.75 $41,090 1.3 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 5,010 0.08% $25.94 $27.62 $57,450 1.9 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 9,260 0.14% $18.09 $18.58 $38,640 7.5 %
49-2021 Radio Mechanics (7) (7) $12.78 $12.99 $27,020 4.2 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 7,530 0.11% $25.63 $24.84 $51,670 2.9 %
49-2091 Avionics Technicians (7) (7) $21.36 $19.47 $40,500 7.3 %
49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers 120 0.00% $16.46 $16.33 $33,960 5.1 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 3,250 0.05% $20.22 $20.47 $42,580 3.0 %
49-2096 Electronic Equipment Installers and Repairers, Motor Vehicles (7) (7) $16.35 $16.94 $35,240 7.4 %
49-2097 Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Installers and Repairers (7) (7) $19.63 $19.53 $40,620 18.1 %
49-2098 Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers 200 0.00% $21.73 $19.71 $40,990 9.6 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 2,680 0.04% $20.27 $20.32 $42,270 2.9 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 1,040 0.02% $19.71 $19.77 $41,110 3.7 %
49-3041 Farm Equipment Mechanics 70 0.00% $13.53 $13.80 $28,710 8.6 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 510 0.01% $20.44 $21.09 $43,860 2.5 %
49-3052 Motorcycle Mechanics (7) (7) $16.72 $17.53 $36,470 5.6 %
49-3053 Outdoor Power Equipment and Other Small Engine Mechanics 30 0.00% $12.71 $12.86 $26,750 4.1 %
49-3093 Tire Repairers and Changers 60 0.00% $8.73 $9.98 $20,770 8.2 %
49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door 350 0.01% $22.26 $21.65 $45,040 3.2 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 1,350 0.02% $19.40 $20.23 $42,070 10.0 %
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers (7) (7) $13.27 $13.25 $27,560 2.8 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 1,480 0.02% $18.80 $19.32 $40,190 1.6 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 16,420 0.25% $15.80 $16.66 $34,640 1.7 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 660 0.01% $16.49 $17.16 $35,700 3.7 %
49-9044 Millwrights 230 0.00% $23.99 $23.85 $49,600 2.3 %
49-9051 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers (7) (7) $23.49 $23.57 $49,020 7.1 %
49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers 3,400 0.05% $17.78 $18.48 $38,450 4.8 %
49-9061 Camera and Photographic Equipment Repairers (7) (7) $14.83 $14.09 $29,310 7.7 %
49-9062 Medical Equipment Repairers 150 0.00% $17.64 $17.58 $36,570 8.9 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers (7) (7) $14.09 $13.75 $28,590 6.4 %
49-9092 Commercial Divers 200 0.00% $18.59 $20.44 $42,520 7.4 %
49-9094 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers (7) (7) $17.07 $17.67 $36,750 5.5 %
49-9096 Riggers 100 0.00% $21.12 $29.72 $61,820 27.6 %
49-9098 Helpers—Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 2,100 0.03% $11.02 $12.38 $25,760 7.5 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 110,250 1.67% $13.97 $16.13 $33,550 1.3 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 10,400 0.16% $23.49 $25.55 $53,140 2.4 %
51-2021 Coil Winders, Tapers, and Finishers (7) (7) $12.32 $12.92 $26,880 9.3 %
51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 3,490 0.05% $12.27 $13.32 $27,700 5.3 %
51-2023 Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers 420 0.01% $15.06 $15.27 $31,770 2.8 %
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters 620 0.01% $23.09 $21.44 $44,590 5.2 %
51-2091 Fiberglass Laminators and Fabricators 90 0.00% $12.62 $12.94 $26,920 6.2 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 4,350 0.07% $10.76 $11.85 $24,650 4.5 %
51-2093 Timing Device Assemblers, Adjusters, and Calibrators 50 0.00% $12.49 $14.79 $30,760 11.0 %
51-3092 Food Batchmakers 90 0.00% $18.55 $17.86 $37,150 3.8 %
51-4011 Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic 320 0.00% $13.47 $15.82 $32,900 6.2 %
51-4012 Numerical Tool and Process Control Programmers 270 0.00% $22.34 $22.70 $47,210 9.1 %
51-4022 Forging Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 30 0.00% $12.69 $13.16 $27,360 3.8 %
51-4023 Rolling Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 70 0.00% $13.26 $14.42 $29,990 8.3 %
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 390 0.01% $10.94 $11.91 $24,770 9.2 %
51-4032 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 130 0.00% $16.89 $18.64 $38,780 8.0 %
51-4033 Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (7) (7) $12.49 $13.57 $28,220 5.8 %
51-4034 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 170 0.00% $14.75 $15.62 $32,490 15.8 %
51-4035 Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 50 0.00% $13.41 $13.68 $28,450 7.8 %
51-4041 Machinists 5,110 0.08% $18.22 $18.95 $39,420 3.1 %
51-4061 Model Makers, Metal and Plastic 440 0.01% $22.33 $23.14 $48,120 11.2 %
51-4062 Patternmakers, Metal and Plastic (7) (7) $17.65 $18.32 $38,110 4.5 %
51-4072 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 380 0.01% $9.90 $11.07 $23,020 7.1 %
51-4081 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 410 0.01% $12.35 $12.72 $26,460 4.1 %
51-4111 Tool and Die Makers 500 0.01% $28.91 $27.78 $57,770 3.7 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 2,260 0.03% $16.28 $17.16 $35,700 2.3 %
51-4122 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (7) (7) $14.10 $14.93 $31,050 3.9 %
51-4191 Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 50 0.00% $19.20 $17.37 $36,130 6.9 %
51-4193 Plating and Coating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 150 0.00% $13.52 $14.06 $29,250 6.4 %
51-5011 Bindery Workers 1,980 0.03% $10.91 $11.82 $24,590 2.7 %
51-5012 Bookbinders (7) (7) $12.96 $13.05 $27,140 4.3 %
51-5021 Job Printers 1,220 0.02% $13.72 $14.97 $31,140 6.0 %
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers 3,340 0.05% $15.27 $16.12 $33,530 2.9 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 7,460 0.11% $12.13 $13.37 $27,810 1.8 %
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers (7) (7) $8.26 $9.02 $18,770 4.8 %
51-6021 Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 40 0.00% $7.69 $7.62 $15,860 4.3 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators 1,330 0.02% $10.13 $10.65 $22,160 3.0 %
51-6041 Shoe and Leather Workers and Repairers (7) (7) $11.98 $11.88 $24,710 17.2 %
51-6051 Sewers, Hand 210 0.00% $6.85 $7.21 $15,000 4.4 %
51-6052 Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers 350 0.01% $9.40 $9.94 $20,670 4.4 %
51-6061 Textile Bleaching and Dyeing Machine Operators and Tenders (7) (7) $10.74 $10.87 $22,610 1.7 %
51-6062 Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 90 0.00% $9.87 $10.85 $22,570 4.2 %
51-6063 Textile Knitting and Weaving Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (7) (7) $11.90 $11.64 $24,210 2.2 %
51-6064 Textile Winding, Twisting, and Drawing Out Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (7) (7) $11.07 $11.57 $24,060 2.6 %
51-6092 Fabric and Apparel Patternmakers (7) (7) $19.95 $22.28 $46,330 13.6 %
51-6093 Upholsterers 90 0.00% $13.23 $13.23 $27,510 4.9 %
51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 130 0.00% $13.65 $15.10 $31,400 7.4 %
51-7021 Furniture Finishers 30 0.00% $12.36 $11.60 $24,130 9.8 %
51-7031 Model Makers, Wood 160 0.00% $21.40 $21.83 $45,400 6.9 %
51-7041 Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood 100 0.00% $10.27 $11.13 $23,160 5.9 %
51-7042 Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing 90 0.00% $9.63 $10.25 $21,310 6.1 %
51-8011 Nuclear Power Reactor Operators 300 0.00% $27.15 $28.97 $60,260 2.1 %
51-8013 Power Plant Operators (7) (7) $29.68 $27.25 $56,670 3.2 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 2,200 0.03% $26.74 $26.16 $54,420 2.8 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 810 0.01% $14.60 $16.69 $34,710 4.3 %
51-8091 Chemical Plant and System Operators (7) (7) $23.42 $21.25 $44,210 5.6 %
51-8093 Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, and Gaugers 280 0.00% $14.75 $17.40 $36,190 10.6 %
51-9011 Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders 1,370 0.02% $20.91 $22.19 $46,150 2.4 %
51-9012 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 190 0.00% $10.02 $10.49 $21,810 6.1 %
51-9021 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 200 0.00% $12.17 $12.47 $25,940 4.2 %
51-9022 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 100 0.00% $9.82 $10.05 $20,910 6.7 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 220 0.00% $14.91 $15.21 $31,640 5.9 %
51-9031 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 120 0.00% $10.55 $11.22 $23,330 3.5 %
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 160 0.00% $11.55 $11.80 $24,550 6.0 %
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 80 0.00% $10.60 $10.69 $22,240 7.1 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 24,280 0.37% $15.27 $16.71 $34,750 2.1 %
51-9071 Jewelers and Precious Stone and Metal Workers 180 0.00% $17.91 $18.30 $38,070 10.9 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 2,140 0.03% $8.91 $9.44 $19,640 2.6 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 320 0.00% $12.10 $13.72 $28,530 6.1 %
51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers 1,520 0.02% $18.82 $17.63 $36,670 12.3 %
51-9131 Photographic Process Workers 6,640 0.10% $10.37 $11.52 $23,950 2.2 %
51-9132 Photographic Processing Machine Operators 2,310 0.03% $10.21 $11.22 $23,340 2.3 %
51-9141 Semiconductor Processors 280 0.00% $12.57 $13.82 $28,740 5.3 %
51-9191 Cementing and Gluing Machine Operators and Tenders 50 0.00% $14.93 $13.77 $28,650 12.9 %
51-9194 Etchers and Engravers 220 0.00% $9.24 $10.10 $21,010 7.3 %
51-9195 Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic 130 0.00% $13.73 $14.90 $30,980 3.4 %
51-9196 Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 400 0.01% $9.72 $11.04 $22,970 8.7 %
51-9198 Helpers—Production Workers 2,830 0.04% $9.33 $9.82 $20,420 1.9 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 58,760 0.89% $11.03 $13.02 $27,080 1.8 %
53-1011 Aircraft Cargo Handling Supervisors 40 0.00% $17.20 $18.15 $37,740 6.0 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 1,540 0.02% $18.04 $18.70 $38,900 2.3 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 930 0.01% $20.33 $22.60 $47,000 3.1 %
53-2011 Airline Pilots, Copilots, and Flight Engineers 160 0.00% (4) (4) $78,730 9.8 %
53-2012 Commercial Pilots 610 0.01% (4) (4) $48,690 5.1 %
53-2022 Airfield Operations Specialists 60 0.00% $27.75 $26.44 $55,000 5.9 %
53-3021 Bus Drivers, Transit and Intercity (7) (7) $15.12 $14.45 $30,060 5.3 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 1,010 0.02% $8.48 $9.90 $20,590 6.2 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 4,050 0.06% $15.90 $16.78 $34,900 4.1 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light Or Delivery Services 7,490 0.11% $10.98 $12.04 $25,040 2.8 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs (7) (7) $23.22 $19.35 $40,250 9.7 %
53-5011 Sailors and Marine Oilers 150 0.00% $14.67 $15.49 $32,220 5.5 %
53-5021 Captains, Mates, and Pilots of Water Vessels 120 0.00% $19.04 $20.96 $43,610 7.6 %
53-5031 Ship Engineers 60 0.00% $22.20 $22.44 $46,670 4.7 %
53-6021 Parking Lot Attendants 890 0.01% $7.34 $8.13 $16,920 4.7 %
53-6041 Traffic Technicians 140 0.00% $13.39 $15.53 $32,300 8.6 %
53-6051 Transportation Inspectors 440 0.01% $18.29 $19.58 $40,720 7.1 %
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators 30 0.00% $16.70 $16.52 $34,360 3.6 %
53-7031 Dredge Operators (7) (7) $25.73 $24.64 $51,260 4.3 %
53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators 610 0.01% $13.24 $16.10 $33,490 8.3 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 2,850 0.04% $11.84 $12.85 $26,730 2.6 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 630 0.01% $10.79 $13.05 $27,140 6.0 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 23,040 0.35% $10.30 $11.39 $23,680 1.9 %
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 650 0.01% $8.58 $9.21 $19,150 2.7 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 6,370 0.10% $8.19 $8.59 $17,880 1.2 %
53-7071 Gas Compressor and Gas Pumping Station Operators 80 0.00% $18.34 $17.97 $37,380 6.0 %
53-7072 Pump Operators, Except Wellhead Pumpers 50 0.00% $17.06 $19.06 $39,640 4.9 %
53-7081 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 70 0.00% $12.95 $13.27 $27,610 8.5 %

About November 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Hourly wage rates for occupations where workers typically work fewer than 2,080 hours per year are not available.

(5) This median wage is equal to or greater than $70.00 per hour or $145,600 per year.

(7) Estimates not released.



Other OES estimates and related information:

November 2003 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

November 2003 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

November 2003 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

November 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Technical notes

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Last Modified Date: November 24, 2004

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