Occupational Employment Statistics

November 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Sector 71 - Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation

These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in Sector 71 - Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation.

These and other data elements, including the 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages are available in the downloadable Excel files (XLS).

Sector 71 - Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation consists of:

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in Sector 71 - Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation:

Sector 71 - Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation

Click on the SOC code number to view an occupational profile.

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 1,807,900 100.00% $9.47 $13.03 $27,110 0.6 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 79,670 4.41% $26.79 $33.48 $69,640 0.9 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 5,750 0.32% $56.33 $59.97 $124,730 1.5 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 36,370 2.01% $27.18 $33.89 $70,490 1.0 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 3,320 0.18% $22.23 $27.19 $56,550 1.9 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 2,720 0.15% $25.44 $30.28 $62,990 1.6 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 2,320 0.13% $24.31 $30.76 $63,980 3.2 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 2,310 0.13% $27.70 $31.14 $64,780 2.2 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 4,100 0.23% $20.18 $26.88 $55,900 3.6 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 280 0.02% $38.53 $43.49 $90,470 3.3 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 5,300 0.29% $29.87 $34.05 $70,810 1.5 %
11-3040 Human Resources Managers 1,190 0.07% $25.62 $29.15 $60,620 1.8 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 550 0.03% $26.66 $30.24 $62,890 7.3 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 170 0.01% $22.12 $24.74 $51,450 7.0 %
11-9011 Farm, Ranch, and Other Agricultural Managers 40 0.00% $14.80 $20.78 $43,220 14.3 %
11-9021 Construction Managers (7) (7) $27.01 $31.89 $66,330 8.4 %
11-9033 Education Administrators, Postsecondary 40 0.00% $24.66 $30.70 $63,860 10.3 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers (7) (7) $42.24 $47.99 $99,820 9.8 %
11-9051 Food Service Managers 6,060 0.34% $20.87 $23.35 $48,570 1.1 %
11-9071 Gaming Managers 1,520 0.08% $26.62 $28.57 $59,430 2.3 %
11-9081 Lodging Managers 110 0.01% $21.85 $26.03 $54,150 6.7 %
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers 380 0.02% $27.61 $30.36 $63,150 5.8 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 260 0.01% $25.02 $30.79 $64,040 5.0 %
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers 520 0.03% $18.99 $22.15 $46,070 3.1 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 29,110 1.61% $21.02 $25.94 $53,960 2.4 %
13-1011 Agents and Business Managers of Artists, Performers, and Athletes 8,130 0.45% $25.33 $32.74 $68,100 5.1 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 320 0.02% $18.42 $19.12 $39,770 3.5 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 1,060 0.06% $17.76 $19.42 $40,390 2.4 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 150 0.01% $24.13 $24.10 $50,140 3.7 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 50 0.00% $25.73 $27.48 $57,170 5.4 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 810 0.04% $20.41 $35.75 $74,360 24.2 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 410 0.02% $19.80 $21.72 $45,170 1.7 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 850 0.05% $20.05 $22.23 $46,240 5.2 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 570 0.03% $29.31 $31.79 $66,130 5.2 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 2,090 0.12% $17.26 $18.75 $39,000 2.3 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 7,980 0.44% $21.47 $23.36 $48,590 0.9 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 120 0.01% $19.52 $25.23 $52,490 4.2 %
Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 4,790 0.26% $21.87 $24.54 $51,040 2.2 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 760 0.04% $28.01 $28.83 $59,970 4.5 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 210 0.01% $33.98 $33.66 $70,010 2.5 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 40 0.00% $33.95 $34.18 $71,080 6.7 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 1,900 0.11% $17.91 $19.56 $40,680 1.5 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 140 5.53% $23.87 $25.72 $53,490 3.8 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 570 0.03% $23.88 $25.09 $52,190 2.0 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 470 0.03% $26.84 $33.33 $69,330 9.2 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 390 0.02% $23.45 $24.71 $51,390 3.1 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 40 0.00% $21.73 $25.39 $52,820 7.7 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 960 0.05% $27.14 $31.87 $66,290 5.1 %
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval 30 0.00% $26.64 $27.04 $56,250 12.5 %
17-1012 Landscape Architects 30 0.00% $36.63 $37.07 $77,110 6.8 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 30 0.00% $30.82 $36.29 $75,480 9.5 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 110 0.01% $17.45 $20.79 $43,250 7.2 %
17-2121 Marine Engineers and Naval Architects 40 0.00% $17.01 $22.06 $45,870 8.2 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 200 0.01% $41.47 $49.16 $102,250 5.4 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 110 0.01% $25.24 $27.89 $58,000 15.7 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 3,210 0.18% $16.59 $18.69 $38,870 1.7 %
19-1010 Agricultural and Food Scientists 150 0.01% $16.49 $18.61 $38,700 4.6 %
19-1023 Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists 630 0.03% $15.75 $16.90 $35,160 3.6 %
19-1031 Conservation Scientists 100 0.01% $16.99 $19.82 $41,230 4.1 %
19-2032 Materials Scientists 50 0.00% $28.67 $31.59 $65,710 12.7 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 1,180 0.07% $18.78 $20.95 $43,570 2.6 %
19-3091 Anthropologists and Archeologists 100 0.01% $15.74 $17.25 $35,880 3.2 %
19-3093 Historians 50 0.00% $18.45 $18.29 $38,040 3.9 %
19-4011 Agricultural and Food Science Technicians 110 0.01% $14.87 $14.65 $30,470 1.7 %
19-4021 Biological Technicians 140 0.01% $12.35 $13.16 $27,380 5.9 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 60 0.00% $16.40 $16.58 $34,480 6.3 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health (7) (7) $15.95 $15.85 $32,970 3.9 %
19-4093 Forest and Conservation Technicians 50 0.00% $12.47 $12.93 $26,890 6.6 %
Community and Social Services Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 410 0.02% $10.66 $13.35 $27,760 7.7 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 420 0.02% $43.91 $51.26 $106,630 2.9 %
23-1011 Lawyers 330 0.02% $57.67 $59.38 $123,500 3.4 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 80 0.00% $20.27 $21.91 $45,570 5.4 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 30,080 1.66% $14.17 $16.88 $35,100 1.9 %
25-1121 Art, Drama, and Music Teachers, Postsecondary 500 0.03% (4) (4) $53,870 7.7 %
25-1193 Recreation and Fitness Studies Teachers, Postsecondary 560 0.03% (4) (4) $28,750 18.8 %
25-1194 Vocational Education Teachers, Postsecondary (7) (7) $13.73 $19.69 $40,950 8.6 %
25-2011 Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education 360 0.02% $8.23 $9.07 $18,860 5.4 %
25-2021 Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education 70 0.00% (4) (4) $27,950 24.6 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 11,270 0.62% $12.92 $16.26 $33,820 4.1 %
25-4010 Archivists, Curators, and Museum Technicians 9,430 0.52% $16.52 $18.97 $39,460 1.3 %
25-4021 Librarians 810 0.04% $16.63 $18.04 $37,520 2.1 %
25-4031 Library Technicians 730 0.04% $13.37 $13.83 $28,770 2.0 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 1,710 0.09% $15.80 $18.30 $38,060 3.3 %
25-9041 Teacher Assistants 1,110 0.06% (4) (4) $20,270 3.3 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 151,910 8.40% $15.54 $22.34 $46,470 2.2 %
27-1011 Art Directors 1,160 0.06% $21.62 $23.35 $48,570 3.5 %
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators 3,150 0.17% $16.25 $21.35 $44,410 6.7 %
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators 520 0.03% $13.66 $19.59 $40,740 11.5 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 50 0.00% $15.94 $19.81 $41,200 9.3 %
27-1022 Fashion Designers 440 0.02% $14.07 $16.91 $35,170 6.0 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 1,020 0.06% $16.82 $18.33 $38,140 3.1 %
27-1026 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 410 0.02% $14.46 $12.82 $26,670 6.7 %
27-1027 Set and Exhibit Designers 3,220 0.18% $16.61 $17.82 $37,070 1.9 %
27-2011 Actors 14,920 0.83% (4) (4) $41,400 6.2 %
27-2012 Producers and Directors 8,670 0.48% (4) (4) $64,630 9.1 %
27-2021 Athletes and Sports Competitors 10,500 0.58% (4) (4) $88,900 5.3 %
27-2022 Coaches and Scouts 22,630 1.25% (4) (4) $36,810 2.2 %
27-2023 Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials 3,120 0.17% (4) (4) $33,760 8.8 %
27-2031 Dancers 7,060 0.39% $10.96 $13.46 $27,990 3.9 %
27-2032 Choreographers 1,030 0.06% $13.49 $16.01 $33,300 5.7 %
27-2041 Music Directors and Composers 4,190 0.23% (4) (4) $45,720 11.1 %
27-2042 Musicians and Singers 29,550 1.63% (4) (4) $54,220 3.8 %
27-3010 Announcers 4,880 0.27% $10.97 $15.81 $32,880 3.7 %
27-3020 News Analysts, Reporters and Correspondents 70 0.00% $32.06 $35.79 $74,450 11.4 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 8,000 0.44% $15.94 $17.79 $37,000 1.6 %
27-3041 Editors 810 0.04% $24.35 $31.01 $64,510 13.3 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 1,080 0.06% $25.94 $35.78 $74,420 13.4 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 2,830 0.16% $24.94 $41.50 $86,320 17.0 %
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators 260 0.01% $8.42 $10.81 $22,490 7.4 %
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians 4,790 0.26% $14.02 $16.94 $35,230 2.9 %
27-4012 Broadcast Technicians 210 0.01% $14.19 $15.81 $32,890 5.6 %
27-4014 Sound Engineering Technicians 930 0.05% $13.71 $17.67 $36,750 4.3 %
27-4021 Photographers 660 0.04% $15.02 $16.69 $34,710 9.5 %
27-4031 Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Picture 290 0.02% $16.71 $18.17 $37,790 8.8 %
27-4032 Film and Video Editors 240 0.01% $20.72 $22.34 $46,480 4.9 %
Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 6,780 0.38% $13.18 $16.51 $34,350 4.9 %
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists 130 0.01% $15.95 $16.26 $33,820 6.0 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 220 0.01% $18.63 $18.98 $39,470 7.9 %
29-1123 Physical Therapists 160 0.01% $26.84 $27.68 $57,580 4.6 %
29-1131 Veterinarians 250 0.01% $30.67 $30.08 $62,570 3.0 %
29-2012 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 50 0.00% $10.49 $12.35 $25,680 10.1 %
29-2041 Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics 1,060 0.06% $10.62 $11.69 $24,320 2.7 %
29-2056 Veterinary Technologists and Technicians 200 0.01% $14.87 $15.86 $32,980 1.9 %
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses 60 0.00% $18.03 $18.00 $37,430 2.6 %
29-9091 Athletic Trainers 3,910 0.22% (4) (4) $35,230 7.3 %
Healthcare Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 4,850 0.27% $18.01 $20.28 $42,190 4.4 %
31-1012 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 110 0.01% $9.77 $9.91 $20,620 2.4 %
31-2022 Physical Therapist Aides (7) (7) $10.05 $10.94 $22,760 12.6 %
31-9011 Massage Therapists 4,210 0.23% $20.32 $21.60 $44,930 4.4 %
31-9096 Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers 180 0.01% $10.38 $11.18 $23,250 3.0 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 78,220 4.33% $8.83 $9.91 $20,600 0.8 %
33-9021 Private Detectives and Investigators 90 0.00% $17.10 $16.35 $34,000 3.8 %
33-9031 Gaming Surveillance Officers and Gaming Investigators 2,740 0.15% $11.67 $12.24 $25,450 3.1 %
33-9032 Security Guards 39,060 2.16% $9.81 $10.67 $22,200 1.0 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 323,720 17.91% $8.02 $9.14 $19,000 0.4 %
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 8,440 0.47% $18.52 $20.84 $43,340 1.3 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 15,070 0.83% $13.91 $14.75 $30,670 0.8 %
35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food 6,070 0.34% $7.74 $8.07 $16,780 1.3 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 1,250 0.07% $8.86 $9.21 $19,160 2.7 %
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant 26,360 1.46% $10.48 $10.93 $22,730 0.6 %
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order 13,430 0.74% $7.88 $8.38 $17,420 1.1 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 16,810 0.93% $8.39 $8.70 $18,090 0.7 %
35-3011 Bartenders 39,760 2.20% $7.83 $8.60 $17,880 0.6 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 29,950 1.66% $7.09 $7.53 $15,660 1.1 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 25,160 1.39% $7.17 $7.45 $15,500 1.0 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses 92,200 5.10% $7.63 $8.73 $18,160 0.6 %
35-3041 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant 3,270 0.18% $6.98 $7.76 $16,130 1.7 %
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 18,230 1.01% $7.38 $7.81 $16,250 0.7 %
35-9021 Dishwashers 17,980 0.99% $7.63 $7.70 $16,020 0.4 %
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop 6,790 0.38% $8.13 $8.96 $18,630 1.0 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 190,500 10.54% $9.01 $10.30 $21,410 0.5 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 4,930 0.27% $15.28 $16.35 $34,000 1.2 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 10,660 0.59% $18.73 $21.74 $45,210 2.2 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 39,910 2.21% $8.35 $8.92 $18,550 0.5 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 16,830 0.93% $8.28 $8.58 $17,840 0.8 %
37-2021 Pest Control Workers 80 0.00% $11.63 $13.60 $28,300 13.2 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 116,190 6.43% $9.03 $9.74 $20,260 0.4 %
37-3013 Tree Trimmers and Pruners 420 0.02% $11.20 $11.09 $23,080 3.1 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 449,260 24.85% $8.20 $10.65 $22,140 1.0 %
39-1011 Gaming Supervisors 6,650 0.37% $19.00 $18.93 $39,360 1.9 %
39-1012 Slot Key Persons 4,560 0.25% $10.51 $11.88 $24,700 1.8 %
39-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service Workers 17,870 0.99% $14.71 $16.03 $33,340 1.1 %
39-2011 Animal Trainers 2,440 0.13% $11.84 $12.98 $27,010 5.3 %
39-2021 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers 12,830 0.71% $9.45 $10.34 $21,510 1.8 %
39-3011 Gaming Dealers 24,580 1.36% $7.02 $8.61 $17,900 3.2 %
39-3012 Gaming and Sports Book Writers and Runners 6,410 0.35% $8.44 $9.48 $19,720 2.0 %
39-3021 Motion Picture Projectionists 180 0.01% $9.39 $13.98 $29,080 12.8 %
39-3031 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 34,960 1.93% $7.62 $8.30 $17,270 1.8 %
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 147,940 8.18% $7.11 $7.61 $15,830 0.7 %
39-3092 Costume Attendants 2,080 0.12% $12.35 $14.64 $30,440 2.6 %
39-3093 Locker Room, Coatroom, and Dressing Room Attendants 7,900 0.44% $8.73 $9.10 $18,920 0.7 %
39-5012 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 830 0.05% $12.16 $13.13 $27,310 3.8 %
39-5091 Makeup Artists, Theatrical and Performance 180 0.01% $11.00 $13.54 $28,170 4.3 %
39-5092 Manicurists and Pedicurists 460 0.03% $13.11 $13.62 $28,320 5.5 %
39-5094 Skin Care Specialists 890 0.05% $16.90 $18.22 $37,890 6.3 %
39-6011 Baggage Porters and Bellhops 680 0.04% $7.20 $7.55 $15,700 2.0 %
39-6012 Concierges 150 0.01% $10.15 $11.32 $23,540 4.7 %
39-6021 Tour Guides and Escorts 15,310 0.85% $8.40 $9.20 $19,140 2.4 %
39-6022 Travel Guides 350 0.02% $12.63 $11.87 $24,700 5.2 %
39-6032 Transportation Attendants, Except Flight Attendants and Baggage Porters 510 0.03% $8.91 $9.41 $19,570 3.3 %
39-9011 Child Care Workers 27,120 1.50% $7.43 $7.71 $16,050 0.8 %
39-9021 Personal and Home Care Aides 90 0.00% $6.79 $7.71 $16,040 2.8 %
39-9031 Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors 103,590 5.73% $13.39 $15.97 $33,210 1.7 %
39-9032 Recreation Workers 19,300 1.07% $7.95 $9.12 $18,960 1.5 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 148,660 8.22% $8.33 $10.01 $20,810 0.9 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 10,090 0.56% $14.73 $16.12 $33,540 0.9 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 2,120 0.12% $16.66 $19.88 $41,350 3.7 %
41-2011 Cashiers 57,580 3.18% $7.87 $8.36 $17,400 0.6 %
41-2012 Gaming Change Persons and Booth Cashiers 10,440 0.58% $9.29 $9.70 $20,180 2.2 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 23,440 1.30% $7.51 $8.01 $16,660 1.0 %
41-2022 Parts Salespersons 170 0.01% $10.09 $10.48 $21,790 4.2 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 27,730 1.53% $7.97 $9.17 $19,070 2.4 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents 820 0.05% $16.63 $19.88 $41,350 4.6 %
41-3041 Travel Agents 110 0.01% $14.39 $14.45 $30,060 6.4 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 90 0.00% $24.08 $27.83 $57,900 12.6 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 1,830 0.10% $14.81 $18.98 $39,480 5.8 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters 1,000 0.06% $11.60 $14.14 $29,410 5.0 %
41-9012 Models (7) (7) $10.00 $21.59 $44,910 23.6 %
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents 100 0.01% $27.14 $27.97 $58,190 14.3 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 2,130 0.12% $8.34 $9.38 $19,510 2.3 %
41-9091 Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers 90 0.00% $6.69 $8.39 $17,440 7.8 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 174,730 9.66% $10.61 $11.84 $24,620 0.7 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 11,100 0.61% $17.04 $18.85 $39,210 1.4 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 3,490 0.19% $9.64 $9.92 $20,640 0.8 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 650 0.04% $12.87 $13.51 $28,100 1.8 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 1,780 0.10% $12.70 $12.84 $26,700 1.2 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 22,820 1.26% $12.59 $13.16 $27,370 0.7 %
43-3041 Gaming Cage Workers 8,380 0.46% $10.52 $10.81 $22,490 1.4 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 1,920 0.11% $13.80 $14.26 $29,670 1.2 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 310 0.02% $10.93 $12.09 $25,150 2.5 %
43-3071 Tellers 1,310 0.07% $11.24 $10.68 $22,200 5.6 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 60 0.00% $10.90 $12.89 $26,810 3.6 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 5,360 0.30% $9.49 $10.13 $21,080 1.2 %
43-4071 File Clerks 570 0.03% $10.04 $10.41 $21,660 3.6 %
43-4081 Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks 950 0.05% $8.68 $8.75 $18,200 3.3 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan 70 0.00% $9.96 $10.86 $22,590 4.1 %
43-4121 Library Assistants, Clerical 120 0.01% $8.94 $9.41 $19,570 3.5 %
43-4141 New Accounts Clerks (7) (7) $12.41 $12.06 $25,080 4.0 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 1,210 0.07% $11.82 $12.85 $26,720 3.5 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 1,220 0.07% $13.04 $13.59 $28,280 1.4 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 37,800 2.09% $8.21 $8.73 $18,150 0.7 %
43-4181 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks 1,330 0.07% $9.01 $10.03 $20,850 1.9 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 230 0.01% $11.16 $11.41 $23,740 4.5 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 170 5.53% $11.15 $11.40 $23,710 1.8 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 710 0.04% $16.41 $16.80 $34,940 3.7 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 620 0.03% $10.27 $10.69 $22,230 1.8 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 1,890 0.10% $10.67 $11.40 $23,720 2.4 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping (7) (7) $9.04 $10.36 $21,560 6.4 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 16,120 0.89% $15.17 $16.19 $33,680 1.7 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 14,090 0.78% $11.49 $11.86 $24,670 1.3 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 1,090 0.06% $11.37 $11.63 $24,190 2.6 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 1,000 0.06% $10.15 $10.71 $22,270 1.7 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists (7) (7) $10.51 $11.06 $23,010 8.7 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 100 0.01% $11.12 $12.99 $27,030 5.7 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 180 0.01% $10.34 $10.75 $22,360 1.8 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 34,040 1.88% $9.66 $10.68 $22,210 2.8 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 210 0.01% $10.68 $11.17 $23,230 2.5 %
43-9081 Proofreaders and Copy Markers 30 0.00% $15.80 $15.54 $32,320 8.2 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 6,420 0.36% $8.51 $9.55 $19,870 2.4 %
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers (7) (7) $10.78 $13.17 $27,390 3.8 %
45-2021 Animal Breeders (7) (7) $10.52 $12.59 $26,190 18.9 %
45-2091 Agricultural Equipment Operators 60 0.00% $9.03 $9.46 $19,670 6.2 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 250 0.01% $7.96 $8.47 $17,620 3.4 %
45-2093 Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals 4,620 0.26% $8.30 $8.70 $18,090 2.6 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 9,460 0.52% $16.71 $17.55 $36,500 1.5 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 450 0.02% $21.37 $22.90 $47,630 2.4 %
47-2031 Carpenters 3,870 0.21% $16.14 $17.06 $35,490 1.7 %
47-2051 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers 40 0.00% $16.98 $18.31 $38,090 5.5 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers (7) (7) $10.16 $11.43 $23,780 5.1 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 120 5.53% $15.85 $16.68 $34,690 4.3 %
47-2111 Electricians 2,050 0.11% $17.83 $19.36 $40,270 1.8 %
47-2121 Glaziers 30 0.00% $12.09 $13.40 $27,860 12.0 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 740 0.04% $15.76 $16.63 $34,600 3.2 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 680 0.04% $17.84 $17.90 $37,230 3.1 %
47-3012 Helpers—Carpenters 180 0.01% $10.32 $10.56 $21,970 10.7 %
47-3013 Helpers—Electricians 70 0.00% $12.40 $13.87 $28,840 13.0 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 65,530 3.62% $12.46 $14.00 $29,110 1.2 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 4,420 0.24% $20.53 $22.53 $46,850 2.5 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 30 0.00% $20.89 $20.35 $42,320 7.0 %
49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers 260 0.01% $9.78 $11.20 $23,300 5.2 %
49-2093 Electrical and Electronics Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment 90 0.00% $19.11 $18.71 $38,910 9.4 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 200 0.01% $17.21 $17.88 $37,190 1.7 %
49-2097 Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Installers and Repairers 210 0.01% $11.64 $11.63 $24,190 8.5 %
49-2098 Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers 50 0.00% $16.43 $17.16 $35,700 5.3 %
49-3021 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 290 0.02% $20.55 $20.49 $42,610 5.6 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 3,440 0.19% $22.69 $24.41 $50,770 5.6 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 200 0.01% $15.39 $15.13 $31,480 5.6 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 210 0.01% $17.59 $17.77 $36,960 6.0 %
49-3051 Motorboat Mechanics 3,240 0.18% $16.03 $16.19 $33,670 2.3 %
49-3053 Outdoor Power Equipment and Other Small Engine Mechanics 600 0.03% $12.35 $13.11 $27,270 2.8 %
49-3092 Recreational Vehicle Service Technicians 80 0.00% $11.89 $12.43 $25,840 5.6 %
49-9011 Mechanical Door Repairers 50 0.00% $15.67 $16.09 $33,470 5.4 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 300 0.02% $18.44 $18.92 $39,350 2.5 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 210 0.01% $16.05 $15.95 $33,180 5.9 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 36,050 1.99% $11.03 $12.18 $25,340 0.6 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 1,280 0.07% $15.04 $14.88 $30,940 5.2 %
49-9044 Millwrights 110 0.01% $25.51 $24.34 $50,630 4.7 %
49-9063 Musical Instrument Repairers and Tuners (7) (7) $11.27 $11.98 $24,910 3.7 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers 6,990 0.39% $12.24 $12.80 $26,620 1.6 %
49-9092 Commercial Divers 90 0.00% $13.16 $15.83 $32,920 13.0 %
49-9096 Riggers 610 0.03% $15.57 $16.03 $33,340 2.7 %
49-9098 Helpers—Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 2,790 0.15% $9.07 $9.99 $20,790 2.5 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 5,890 0.33% $12.62 $15.37 $31,960 3.7 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 210 0.01% $21.25 $22.33 $46,440 3.0 %
51-2091 Fiberglass Laminators and Fabricators 320 0.02% $17.15 $21.46 $44,640 4.0 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 60 0.00% $12.34 $12.60 $26,210 4.2 %
51-3011 Bakers 180 0.01% $9.59 $10.28 $21,390 2.2 %
51-4041 Machinists 230 0.01% $27.91 $29.61 $61,590 4.7 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 320 0.02% $16.08 $16.64 $34,620 4.9 %
51-5021 Job Printers 50 0.00% $11.33 $12.83 $26,680 5.4 %
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers (7) (7) $8.38 $10.26 $21,330 7.0 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 60 0.00% $10.98 $10.87 $22,620 3.7 %
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 680 0.04% $8.79 $9.35 $19,440 5.8 %
51-6041 Shoe and Leather Workers and Repairers 30 0.00% $7.74 $8.16 $16,970 6.6 %
51-6051 Sewers, Hand 40 0.00% $10.29 $10.98 $22,840 9.6 %
51-6052 Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers 240 0.01% $9.97 $10.38 $21,580 4.7 %
51-6093 Upholsterers 90 0.00% $12.51 $13.00 $27,040 7.8 %
51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 90 0.00% $13.67 $14.68 $30,540 3.6 %
51-7021 Furniture Finishers 100 0.01% $11.47 $12.07 $25,100 5.4 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 270 0.01% $25.64 $24.28 $50,500 2.9 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 80 0.00% $16.22 $16.21 $33,720 4.5 %
51-9022 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 100 0.01% $10.45 $10.71 $22,280 2.8 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 210 0.01% $9.26 $11.15 $23,200 8.4 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 30 0.00% $11.65 $11.55 $24,020 6.3 %
51-9122 Painters, Transportation Equipment 390 0.02% $14.13 $14.31 $29,760 4.1 %
51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers 90 0.00% $14.99 $15.38 $31,990 7.4 %
51-9131 Photographic Process Workers 220 0.01% $9.81 $11.01 $22,890 3.2 %
51-9195 Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic 60 0.00% $17.77 $16.27 $33,840 9.3 %
51-9198 Helpers—Production Workers (7) (7) $9.91 $10.83 $22,520 8.3 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 43,320 2.40% $8.99 $10.85 $22,560 2.4 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 580 0.03% $16.45 $18.32 $38,110 4.2 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 640 0.04% $19.15 $22.22 $46,220 8.2 %
53-2011 Airline Pilots, Copilots, and Flight Engineers (7) (7) (4) (4) $78,920 10.2 %
53-2012 Commercial Pilots 70 0.00% (4) (4) $61,710 4.4 %
53-3021 Bus Drivers, Transit and Intercity 2,180 0.12% $10.48 $11.37 $23,650 3.5 %
53-3022 Bus Drivers, School (7) (7) $8.30 $8.31 $17,280 3.2 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 400 0.02% $11.12 $11.87 $24,690 12.3 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 460 0.03% $21.39 $21.88 $45,500 7.3 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light Or Delivery Services 1,200 0.07% $11.56 $11.65 $24,220 4.0 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 600 0.03% $9.41 $9.58 $19,930 2.7 %
53-5011 Sailors and Marine Oilers 750 0.04% $10.29 $11.34 $23,590 3.5 %
53-5021 Captains, Mates, and Pilots of Water Vessels 1,050 0.06% $23.08 $23.00 $47,840 9.5 %
53-5022 Motorboat Operators 450 0.02% $9.84 $10.79 $22,450 6.4 %
53-5031 Ship Engineers (7) (7) $19.18 $20.11 $41,830 4.1 %
53-6021 Parking Lot Attendants 8,800 0.49% $7.47 $7.98 $16,610 2.6 %
53-6031 Service Station Attendants 840 0.05% $8.09 $8.36 $17,400 2.2 %
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators 50 0.00% $14.39 $14.82 $30,820 4.8 %
53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators 40 0.00% $8.32 $10.78 $22,430 8.7 %
53-7041 Hoist and Winch Operators (7) (7) $13.08 $13.54 $28,150 5.3 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 1,150 0.06% $13.16 $13.95 $29,030 6.1 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 1,250 0.07% $8.11 $8.63 $17,940 3.5 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 20,160 1.12% $9.18 $10.41 $21,660 3.0 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 100 0.01% $8.04 $8.64 $17,980 4.5 %

About November 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Hourly wage rates for occupations where workers typically work fewer than 2,080 hours per year are not available.

(7) Estimates not released.



Other OES estimates and related information:

November 2003 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

November 2003 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

November 2003 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

November 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Technical notes

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Last Modified Date: November 24, 2004

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