Occupational Employment Statistics

November 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Sector 81 - Other Services (except Public Administration)

These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in Sector 81 - Other Services (except Public Administration).

These and other data elements, including the 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages are available in the downloadable Excel files (XLS).

Sector 81 - Other Services (except Public Administration) consists of:

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in Sector 81 - Other Services (except Public Administration):

Sector 81 - Other Services (except Public Administration)

Click on the SOC code number to view an occupational profile.

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 3,786,040 100.00% $10.94 $14.00 $29,120 0.3 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 212,650 5.62% $27.42 $33.44 $69,550 0.6 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 16,200 0.43% $47.48 $53.75 $111,790 1.2 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 79,430 2.10% $30.60 $36.55 $76,030 0.7 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 3,960 0.10% $26.03 $30.42 $63,280 3.0 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 2,080 0.05% $32.22 $37.37 $77,740 5.4 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 4,670 0.12% $26.69 $32.30 $67,170 1.8 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 9,710 0.26% $28.12 $31.84 $66,220 1.3 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 11,050 0.29% $23.95 $27.95 $58,140 3.7 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 3,400 0.09% $36.37 $37.91 $78,850 1.3 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 10,130 0.27% $30.52 $34.04 $70,810 1.1 %
11-3040 Human Resources Managers 3,490 0.09% $28.51 $30.19 $62,790 1.2 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 670 0.02% $31.09 $34.02 $70,750 2.3 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 910 0.02% $25.46 $27.62 $57,460 2.3 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 700 0.02% $25.89 $29.23 $60,790 3.3 %
11-9011 Farm, Ranch, and Other Agricultural Managers 130 0.00% $19.47 $22.36 $46,510 6.9 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 200 0.01% $25.45 $29.47 $61,300 4.5 %
11-9031 Education Administrators, Preschool and Child Care Center/Program 1,390 0.04% $17.02 $18.95 $39,410 3.2 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 330 0.01% $38.10 $39.63 $82,430 6.0 %
11-9051 Food Service Managers 1,110 0.03% $16.02 $19.19 $39,910 5.8 %
11-9061 Funeral Directors 24,080 0.64% $22.18 $26.85 $55,850 3.1 %
11-9081 Lodging Managers (7) (7) $11.66 $14.58 $30,330 11.2 %
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 560 0.01% $28.46 $36.08 $75,050 3.6 %
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers 240 0.01% $45.49 $47.78 $99,390 7.5 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 4,780 0.13% $18.04 $19.78 $41,140 3.0 %
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers 19,190 0.51% $20.92 $23.91 $49,720 2.9 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 172,220 4.55% $20.67 $22.05 $45,870 0.8 %
13-1011 Agents and Business Managers of Artists, Performers, and Athletes 110 0.00% $21.47 $24.63 $51,230 11.0 %
13-1021 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 60 0.00% $18.15 $20.04 $41,690 8.6 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 330 0.01% $15.69 $17.87 $37,160 4.0 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 3,450 0.09% $18.25 $19.61 $40,790 1.3 %
13-1031 Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 1,090 0.03% $16.13 $18.15 $37,760 6.2 %
13-1032 Insurance Appraisers, Auto Damage 400 0.01% $20.42 $21.02 $43,730 4.8 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 2,440 0.06% $21.98 $23.97 $49,860 3.0 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 8,210 0.22% $19.72 $20.72 $43,100 3.6 %
13-1061 Emergency Management Specialists 50 0.00% $16.44 $17.84 $37,110 8.0 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 2,260 0.06% $18.38 $21.11 $43,910 5.1 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 3,610 0.10% $22.72 $23.02 $47,870 2.8 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 5,580 0.15% $21.21 $24.39 $50,740 7.1 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 4,900 0.13% $27.24 $30.35 $63,120 2.6 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 7,050 0.19% $19.91 $21.63 $44,980 1.6 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 17,850 0.47% $23.24 $25.16 $52,340 1.0 %
13-2021 Appraisers and Assessors of Real Estate (7) (7) $16.98 $18.25 $37,960 9.2 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 460 0.01% $26.82 $26.88 $55,920 4.1 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 50 0.00% $18.88 $21.17 $44,030 8.0 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 630 0.02% $25.72 $29.11 $60,550 2.4 %
13-2052 Personal Financial Advisors 590 0.02% $29.42 $32.78 $68,190 9.1 %
13-2053 Insurance Underwriters 90 0.00% $21.34 $23.43 $48,730 4.0 %
13-2061 Financial Examiners 40 0.00% $23.54 $21.91 $45,570 6.4 %
13-2071 Loan Counselors 270 0.01% $16.03 $17.39 $36,170 3.6 %
13-2072 Loan Officers 280 0.01% $21.84 $22.95 $47,730 7.9 %
13-2082 Tax Preparers (7) (7) $14.13 $15.54 $32,320 3.7 %
Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 24,760 0.65% $22.49 $24.64 $51,250 1.3 %
15-1011 Computer and Information Scientists, Research 80 0.00% $44.92 $41.91 $87,170 8.7 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 4,120 0.11% $25.36 $26.25 $54,600 1.3 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 1,580 0.04% $34.76 $36.94 $76,840 4.7 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 820 0.02% $24.35 $27.36 $56,910 6.6 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 6,330 0.17% $17.69 $18.60 $38,680 0.9 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 2,090 0.06% $29.32 $30.66 $63,780 4.1 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 2,450 0.06% $21.12 $22.77 $47,370 1.3 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 3,470 0.09% $24.07 $25.34 $52,700 1.0 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 1,640 0.04% $23.19 $25.44 $52,910 1.9 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 700 0.02% $18.02 $21.28 $44,260 8.7 %
15-2041 Statisticians 480 0.01% $24.02 $25.90 $53,880 5.5 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 9,900 0.26% $22.64 $24.82 $51,630 3.0 %
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval (7) (7) $20.06 $21.49 $44,690 5.3 %
17-1021 Cartographers and Photogrammetrists 30 0.00% $18.23 $17.63 $36,670 5.1 %
17-2011 Aerospace Engineers 40 0.00% $43.12 $42.38 $88,150 6.7 %
17-2031 Biomedical Engineers 40 0.00% $30.72 $28.42 $59,110 15.4 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 80 0.00% $24.04 $24.78 $51,550 3.8 %
17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers 210 0.01% $26.58 $28.18 $58,620 3.1 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 1,040 0.03% $32.72 $36.88 $76,710 4.9 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 640 0.02% $25.12 $26.44 $55,000 4.5 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 190 0.01% $26.55 $29.54 $61,450 4.7 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 300 0.01% $22.64 $26.74 $55,610 5.0 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 380 0.01% $28.03 $28.48 $59,250 2.3 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 910 0.02% $27.46 $28.91 $60,130 3.6 %
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters 70 0.00% $18.79 $19.93 $41,450 4.1 %
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters 120 0.00% $18.10 $19.68 $40,930 3.9 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 420 0.01% $20.00 $21.54 $44,800 8.0 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 2,660 0.07% $20.21 $20.53 $42,700 3.3 %
17-3024 Electro-Mechanical Technicians 420 0.01% $17.10 $17.56 $36,520 3.3 %
17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technicians 40 0.00% $19.99 $19.58 $40,720 9.6 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 50 0.00% $18.23 $17.66 $36,730 10.5 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 80 0.00% $17.91 $19.11 $39,750 3.7 %
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 60 0.00% $19.01 $18.22 $37,900 4.2 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 9,470 0.25% $20.56 $23.33 $48,520 2.2 %
19-1010 Agricultural and Food Scientists 100 0.00% $24.06 $25.19 $52,400 7.0 %
19-1023 Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists 210 0.01% $21.08 $22.98 $47,800 3.2 %
19-1031 Conservation Scientists 410 0.01% $20.76 $21.49 $44,710 3.8 %
19-1032 Foresters 40 0.00% $18.28 $18.37 $38,200 3.0 %
19-1042 Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists 440 0.01% $21.60 $25.58 $53,210 1.9 %
19-2031 Chemists (7) (7) $13.18 $14.42 $29,990 9.1 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 360 0.01% $25.69 $27.04 $56,240 6.7 %
19-3011 Economists 450 0.01% $31.55 $32.37 $67,330 3.1 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 2,570 0.07% $22.07 $23.85 $49,600 2.6 %
19-3022 Survey Researchers 770 0.02% $15.77 $17.76 $36,930 5.9 %
19-3031 Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists 600 0.02% $19.64 $21.22 $44,140 3.9 %
19-3041 Sociologists 80 0.00% $22.35 $23.48 $48,840 5.3 %
19-3051 Urban and Regional Planners 380 0.01% $20.95 $23.90 $49,720 5.9 %
19-3093 Historians (7) (7) $17.94 $17.20 $35,770 17.9 %
19-3094 Political Scientists 630 0.02% $24.95 $31.28 $65,060 12.0 %
19-4011 Agricultural and Food Science Technicians 290 0.01% $13.76 $13.87 $28,860 2.8 %
19-4021 Biological Technicians 210 0.01% $10.81 $11.81 $24,570 4.9 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 70 0.00% $17.59 $18.10 $37,640 4.1 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health 140 0.00% $18.66 $20.19 $41,980 14.8 %
19-4093 Forest and Conservation Technicians 90 0.00% $15.31 $15.02 $31,240 4.7 %
Community and Social Services Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 98,960 2.61% $13.17 $14.91 $31,000 1.2 %
21-1011 Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors 1,010 0.03% $13.48 $15.05 $31,290 3.5 %
21-1012 Educational, Vocational, and School Counselors 1,260 0.03% $13.47 $15.08 $31,360 5.3 %
21-1013 Marriage and Family Therapists (7) (7) $24.07 $23.74 $49,370 4.7 %
21-1014 Mental Health Counselors 530 0.01% $15.92 $17.02 $35,410 2.2 %
21-1015 Rehabilitation Counselors 970 0.03% $12.18 $12.78 $26,570 3.2 %
21-1021 Child, Family, and School Social Workers 11,110 0.29% $13.11 $14.04 $29,210 2.3 %
21-1022 Medical and Public Health Social Workers 3,880 0.10% $15.41 $16.06 $33,400 1.8 %
21-1023 Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers 3,350 0.09% $14.52 $15.53 $32,310 1.9 %
21-1091 Health Educators 1,610 0.04% $16.48 $17.50 $36,400 2.3 %
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants 20,780 0.55% $11.13 $11.96 $24,880 1.2 %
21-2011 Clergy 21,640 0.57% $15.66 $18.53 $38,550 3.7 %
21-2021 Directors, Religious Activities and Education 10,680 0.28% $13.66 $16.12 $33,520 3.9 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 6,030 0.16% $28.18 $32.87 $68,360 2.2 %
23-1011 Lawyers 3,660 0.10% $37.14 $41.23 $85,750 3.2 %
23-1022 Arbitrators, Mediators, and Conciliators 800 0.02% $23.15 $22.48 $46,760 7.3 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 970 0.03% $17.28 $19.01 $39,540 3.7 %
23-2093 Title Examiners, Abstractors, and Searchers (7) (7) $15.62 $15.70 $32,660 7.5 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 84,430 2.23% $10.50 $12.69 $26,400 1.5 %
25-1011 Business Teachers, Postsecondary 30 0.00% (4) (4) $52,850 3.6 %
25-1126 Philosophy and Religion Teachers, Postsecondary 140 0.00% (4) (4) $39,200 11.9 %
25-1191 Graduate Teaching Assistants 260 0.01% (4) (4) $28,250 8.5 %
25-1193 Recreation and Fitness Studies Teachers, Postsecondary 280 0.01% (4) (4) $31,370 16.8 %
25-1194 Vocational Education Teachers, Postsecondary 1,410 0.04% $20.59 $24.47 $50,910 5.9 %
25-2011 Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education 16,120 0.43% $10.29 $11.23 $23,350 2.2 %
25-2012 Kindergarten Teachers, Except Special Education 160 0.00% (4) (4) $24,700 4.4 %
25-2021 Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education 3,460 0.09% (4) (4) $37,430 7.8 %
25-2022 Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Vocational Education 160 0.00% (4) (4) $31,760 7.9 %
25-2031 Secondary School Teachers, Except Special and Vocational Education 190 0.01% (4) (4) $33,860 7.1 %
25-2041 Special Education Teachers, Preschool, Kindergarten, and Elementary School 160 0.00% (4) (4) $36,520 5.9 %
25-3011 Adult Literacy, Remedial Education, and Ged Teachers and Instructors 260 0.01% $15.69 $16.72 $34,770 5.9 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 18,450 0.49% $11.97 $14.28 $29,710 2.5 %
25-4010 Archivists, Curators, and Museum Technicians 910 0.02% $14.66 $15.61 $32,460 4.8 %
25-4021 Librarians 920 0.02% $19.40 $19.69 $40,950 2.6 %
25-4031 Library Technicians 330 0.01% $12.76 $14.07 $29,270 5.9 %
25-9021 Farm and Home Management Advisors 50 0.00% $14.49 $18.28 $38,020 12.9 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 1,600 0.04% $16.85 $19.50 $40,560 3.9 %
25-9041 Teacher Assistants 22,550 0.60% (4) (4) $17,730 1.0 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 59,450 1.57% $16.86 $19.60 $40,770 2.0 %
27-1011 Art Directors 310 0.01% $33.15 $35.11 $73,030 5.5 %
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators 60 0.00% $11.90 $17.87 $37,170 15.0 %
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators (7) (7) $20.70 $25.14 $52,300 5.1 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 60 0.00% $22.35 $21.30 $44,310 10.2 %
27-1023 Floral Designers 310 0.01% $8.06 $9.33 $19,400 3.9 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 1,680 0.04% $16.84 $17.47 $36,340 2.5 %
27-1025 Interior Designers (7) (7) $11.61 $12.68 $26,370 2.6 %
27-1027 Set and Exhibit Designers 100 0.00% $19.91 $21.03 $43,740 5.0 %
27-2012 Producers and Directors 340 0.01% (4) (4) $61,640 7.4 %
27-2021 Athletes and Sports Competitors 120 0.00% (4) (4) $37,650 8.2 %
27-2022 Coaches and Scouts 5,860 0.15% (4) (4) $27,460 5.9 %
27-2023 Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials 1,060 0.03% (4) (4) $22,460 3.2 %
27-2032 Choreographers 40 0.00% $12.21 $12.41 $25,820 5.0 %
27-2041 Music Directors and Composers 3,350 0.09% (4) (4) $36,120 5.2 %
27-2042 Musicians and Singers 8,640 0.23% (4) (4) $40,070 10.9 %
27-3010 Announcers 150 0.00% $15.04 $16.16 $33,610 4.5 %
27-3020 News Analysts, Reporters and Correspondents 80 0.00% $16.84 $22.75 $47,330 12.4 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 21,740 0.57% $19.15 $21.98 $45,720 2.0 %
27-3041 Editors 5,500 0.15% $21.15 $22.47 $46,740 1.2 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 240 0.01% $22.51 $22.50 $46,790 3.0 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 2,620 0.07% $19.44 $21.58 $44,880 4.4 %
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators 340 0.01% $13.31 $15.45 $32,140 9.4 %
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians 710 0.02% $14.20 $17.04 $35,450 5.0 %
27-4012 Broadcast Technicians 160 0.00% $13.87 $14.92 $31,040 6.3 %
27-4014 Sound Engineering Technicians 140 0.00% $13.77 $14.82 $30,820 4.6 %
27-4021 Photographers 1,110 0.03% $11.20 $12.90 $26,830 8.0 %
27-4031 Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Picture 60 0.00% $12.39 $14.04 $29,200 19.1 %
27-4032 Film and Video Editors 200 0.01% $18.79 $21.28 $44,250 8.3 %
Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 10,380 0.27% $16.88 $19.94 $41,470 2.6 %
29-1020 Dentists 30 0.00% $61.12 $65.50 $136,250 9.9 %
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists 1,560 0.04% $13.64 $14.89 $30,970 6.5 %
29-1051 Pharmacists 70 0.00% $40.04 $38.39 $79,860 5.2 %
29-1062 Family and General Practitioners 60 0.00% $68.59 $71.62 $148,960 6.2 %
29-1063 Internists, General (7) (7) $57.20 $58.56 $121,800 7.1 %
29-1071 Physician Assistants (7) (7) $19.25 $21.97 $45,700 10.7 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 2,230 0.06% $20.86 $21.38 $44,480 2.2 %
29-1122 Occupational Therapists 200 0.01% $25.57 $25.37 $52,760 2.1 %
29-1123 Physical Therapists 110 0.00% $27.36 $26.26 $54,620 9.5 %
29-1125 Recreational Therapists 60 0.00% $12.06 $12.87 $26,770 5.9 %
29-1127 Speech-Language Pathologists 90 0.00% $23.02 $25.39 $52,820 6.4 %
29-1131 Veterinarians 560 0.01% $29.92 $30.91 $64,300 3.5 %
29-2011 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 30 0.00% $19.46 $22.28 $46,340 19.4 %
29-2012 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 190 0.01% $15.03 $15.77 $32,800 4.9 %
29-2021 Dental Hygienists 50 0.00% $21.40 $24.91 $51,810 6.9 %
29-2041 Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics 270 0.01% $11.32 $11.13 $23,150 3.3 %
29-2051 Dietetic Technicians 830 0.02% $14.55 $13.79 $28,680 4.4 %
29-2052 Pharmacy Technicians (7) (7) $10.05 $11.48 $23,890 12.5 %
29-2055 Surgical Technologists (7) (7) $12.80 $13.00 $27,030 3.8 %
29-2056 Veterinary Technologists and Technicians 720 0.02% $10.63 $11.44 $23,800 4.8 %
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses 1,060 0.03% $15.28 $15.50 $32,240 1.8 %
29-2071 Medical Records and Health Information Technicians 180 0.00% $12.25 $13.58 $28,250 10.1 %
29-9010 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists and Technicians 220 0.01% $26.10 $25.85 $53,760 6.5 %
29-9091 Athletic Trainers 110 0.00% (4) (4) $31,120 9.7 %
Healthcare Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 23,720 0.63% $11.23 $13.63 $28,360 2.7 %
31-1011 Home Health Aides 1,670 0.04% $8.28 $9.40 $19,560 3.9 %
31-1012 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 1,880 0.05% $9.85 $10.12 $21,040 1.7 %
31-1013 Psychiatric Aides 50 0.00% $11.69 $11.41 $23,730 5.8 %
31-2022 Physical Therapist Aides (7) (7) $12.74 $12.46 $25,920 3.0 %
31-9011 Massage Therapists 13,460 0.36% $12.84 $15.46 $32,170 3.3 %
31-9091 Dental Assistants 80 0.00% $12.81 $14.30 $29,750 9.7 %
31-9092 Medical Assistants (7) (7) $11.95 $11.83 $24,610 10.0 %
31-9096 Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers 1,080 0.03% $9.72 $10.27 $21,360 4.2 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 40,390 1.07% $8.53 $9.62 $20,000 1.0 %
33-2011 Fire Fighters 120 0.00% $11.15 $12.49 $25,970 6.4 %
33-9011 Animal Control Workers 1,590 0.04% $9.87 $10.44 $21,710 3.2 %
33-9021 Private Detectives and Investigators (7) (7) $20.16 $20.78 $43,210 4.0 %
33-9031 Gaming Surveillance Officers and Gaming Investigators (7) (7) $9.15 $9.22 $19,170 5.4 %
33-9032 Security Guards 16,840 0.44% $9.64 $10.58 $22,000 1.6 %
33-9091 Crossing Guards 650 0.02% $9.52 $9.38 $19,510 4.1 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 98,140 2.59% $7.39 $8.38 $17,430 0.8 %
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 1,230 0.03% $14.70 $17.07 $35,500 2.6 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 5,670 0.15% $10.93 $12.27 $25,520 2.2 %
35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food 120 0.00% $7.34 $8.03 $16,710 6.0 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 5,490 0.15% $9.14 $9.91 $20,610 2.4 %
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant 4,450 0.12% $9.12 $10.07 $20,940 2.0 %
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order 1,210 0.03% $7.35 $7.63 $15,870 2.3 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 6,620 0.17% $7.88 $8.44 $17,560 1.2 %
35-3011 Bartenders 40,560 1.07% $7.14 $7.41 $15,420 0.8 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 1,110 0.03% $7.29 $8.29 $17,250 3.3 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 1,550 0.04% $7.89 $8.12 $16,890 5.1 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses 18,430 0.49% $6.99 $8.14 $16,930 1.6 %
35-3041 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant 800 0.02% $8.05 $10.30 $21,420 10.9 %
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 3,630 0.10% $6.98 $7.71 $16,030 1.8 %
35-9021 Dishwashers 4,690 0.12% $7.16 $7.59 $15,780 1.4 %
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop 1,220 0.03% $7.45 $8.66 $18,020 3.6 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 123,550 3.26% $8.72 $9.77 $20,330 0.8 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 4,280 0.11% $14.13 $15.17 $31,550 1.5 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 4,240 0.11% $15.77 $17.14 $35,640 2.2 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 62,390 1.65% $8.19 $8.83 $18,370 0.9 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 17,560 0.46% $8.19 $8.66 $18,020 1.0 %
37-2021 Pest Control Workers (7) (7) $7.14 $8.31 $17,280 15.7 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 32,280 0.85% $9.70 $10.42 $21,670 1.0 %
37-3012 Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation 50 0.00% $12.25 $12.48 $25,960 7.9 %
37-3013 Tree Trimmers and Pruners (7) (7) $23.83 $23.25 $48,360 6.7 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 658,360 17.39% $8.89 $10.48 $21,800 0.7 %
39-1011 Gaming Supervisors 910 0.02% (7) (7) (7) (7)
39-1012 Slot Key Persons 70 0.00% $15.07 $15.63 $32,520 5.6 %
39-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service Workers 27,520 0.73% $14.31 $16.08 $33,440 1.1 %
39-2011 Animal Trainers 1,560 0.04% $13.34 $15.05 $31,300 5.7 %
39-2021 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers 33,990 0.90% $8.43 $9.20 $19,140 2.4 %
39-3011 Gaming Dealers 800 0.02% $6.83 $7.64 $15,890 4.6 %
39-3012 Gaming and Sports Book Writers and Runners 1,860 0.05% $8.74 $8.65 $17,990 3.7 %
39-3031 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 1,420 0.04% $8.12 $8.93 $18,570 2.8 %
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 10,820 0.29% $7.41 $8.00 $16,650 2.4 %
39-3092 Costume Attendants (7) (7) $12.66 $12.89 $26,820 2.9 %
39-3093 Locker Room, Coatroom, and Dressing Room Attendants 1,210 0.03% $7.51 $7.85 $16,330 2.3 %
39-4011 Embalmers 7,840 0.21% $16.57 $17.58 $36,560 2.1 %
39-4021 Funeral Attendants 29,400 0.78% $9.15 $9.83 $20,450 1.2 %
39-5011 Barbers 16,870 0.45% $9.72 $11.19 $23,270 3.5 %
39-5012 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 303,690 8.02% $9.26 $10.65 $22,150 0.8 %
39-5091 Makeup Artists, Theatrical and Performance 140 0.00% $7.58 $9.53 $19,830 12.3 %
39-5092 Manicurists and Pedicurists 39,050 1.03% $8.41 $9.66 $20,090 6.5 %
39-5093 Shampooers 15,030 0.40% $6.99 $7.42 $15,440 1.6 %
39-5094 Skin Care Specialists 11,960 0.32% $11.80 $13.57 $28,230 2.8 %
39-6011 Baggage Porters and Bellhops (7) (7) $7.27 $8.06 $16,770 8.8 %
39-6012 Concierges 1,780 0.05% $11.45 $11.72 $24,390 5.0 %
39-6021 Tour Guides and Escorts 340 0.01% $8.70 $9.19 $19,120 4.2 %
39-6032 Transportation Attendants, Except Flight Attendants and Baggage Porters (7) (7) $9.29 $9.20 $19,140 5.0 %
39-9011 Child Care Workers 35,920 0.95% $7.67 $8.00 $16,650 0.7 %
39-9021 Personal and Home Care Aides 12,060 0.32% $7.42 $7.60 $15,810 1.6 %
39-9031 Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors 37,540 0.99% $9.75 $11.67 $24,280 1.3 %
39-9032 Recreation Workers 42,140 1.11% $8.17 $9.03 $18,770 0.9 %
39-9041 Residential Advisors 1,520 0.04% $9.70 $10.99 $22,850 5.7 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 226,880 5.99% $8.91 $12.02 $24,990 0.9 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 12,480 0.33% $14.36 $16.73 $34,790 2.7 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 4,950 0.13% $16.82 $21.33 $44,370 2.3 %
41-2011 Cashiers 49,310 1.30% $8.03 $8.34 $17,350 0.9 %
41-2012 Gaming Change Persons and Booth Cashiers 230 0.01% $8.18 $11.86 $24,670 12.5 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 77,120 2.04% $7.63 $8.31 $17,280 0.8 %
41-2022 Parts Salespersons 9,980 0.26% $12.52 $13.45 $27,980 1.8 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 20,140 0.53% $9.50 $12.24 $25,460 2.6 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents 510 0.01% $19.99 $22.61 $47,030 4.5 %
41-3021 Insurance Sales Agents 530 0.01% $17.41 $21.95 $45,650 7.5 %
41-3031 Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents 70 0.00% $18.16 $18.45 $38,370 6.1 %
41-3041 Travel Agents 70 0.00% $11.14 $13.67 $28,440 9.0 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 2,890 0.08% $26.27 $29.91 $62,220 3.6 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 9,420 0.25% $18.14 $21.10 $43,880 2.7 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters 290 0.01% $11.01 $13.43 $27,930 6.9 %
41-9021 Real Estate Brokers (7) (7) (5) $68.64 $142,770 24.2 %
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents 2,190 0.06% $11.86 $17.63 $36,670 18.3 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers 320 0.01% $22.31 $24.07 $50,060 6.2 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 11,060 0.29% $9.06 $10.91 $22,700 2.7 %
41-9091 Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers 630 0.02% $14.74 $17.47 $36,340 8.9 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 572,300 15.12% $11.18 $12.37 $25,730 0.4 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 36,260 0.96% $18.41 $19.87 $41,330 1.1 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 4,760 0.13% $10.59 $11.16 $23,210 1.2 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 1,680 0.04% $12.54 $12.94 $26,920 1.7 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 8,610 0.23% $13.01 $13.30 $27,670 1.1 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 68,870 1.82% $12.64 $13.10 $27,240 0.6 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 4,410 0.12% $13.18 $13.59 $28,270 1.1 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 810 0.02% $13.11 $14.04 $29,210 3.6 %
43-3071 Tellers (7) (7) $7.98 $8.90 $18,510 2.6 %
43-4021 Correspondence Clerks 200 0.01% $12.61 $13.18 $27,420 5.5 %
43-4031 Court, Municipal, and License Clerks (7) (7) $9.45 $9.46 $19,670 3.0 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 230 0.01% $13.88 $12.91 $26,850 5.0 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 37,890 1.00% $11.38 $12.36 $25,700 0.9 %
43-4061 Eligibility Interviewers, Government Programs 370 0.01% $12.62 $14.87 $30,930 7.9 %
43-4071 File Clerks 3,640 0.10% $9.85 $10.21 $21,240 1.4 %
43-4081 Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks 600 0.02% $8.74 $9.02 $18,760 2.4 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan 1,420 0.04% $10.07 $10.81 $22,480 2.3 %
43-4121 Library Assistants, Clerical 100 0.00% $10.23 $11.21 $23,310 4.2 %
43-4131 Loan Interviewers and Clerks 360 0.01% $16.25 $15.24 $31,690 4.6 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 4,520 0.12% $11.19 $12.09 $25,160 2.2 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 2,660 0.07% $13.58 $14.51 $30,190 2.6 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 89,210 2.36% $8.43 $9.06 $18,840 0.7 %
43-4181 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks 480 0.01% $11.48 $12.05 $25,060 3.6 %
43-5011 Cargo and Freight Agents 50 0.00% $11.26 $11.66 $24,260 6.9 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 890 0.02% $8.48 $8.83 $18,360 1.9 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 3,710 0.10% $11.97 $13.97 $29,070 3.9 %
43-5041 Meter Readers, Utilities (7) (7) $16.59 $16.79 $34,910 2.0 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 2,650 0.07% $11.06 $13.04 $27,120 2.2 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 7,180 0.19% $11.25 $11.93 $24,810 1.2 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 6,910 0.18% $10.07 $10.79 $22,430 1.1 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 420 0.01% $9.55 $10.32 $21,450 3.1 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 58,320 1.54% $16.13 $17.10 $35,560 1.0 %
43-6012 Legal Secretaries 190 0.01% $14.11 $15.39 $32,010 3.8 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 90,720 2.40% $10.94 $11.74 $24,410 0.8 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 1,380 0.04% $13.45 $13.54 $28,160 2.3 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 7,230 0.19% $11.41 $11.71 $24,360 1.8 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 960 0.03% $12.17 $12.73 $26,480 1.9 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 360 0.01% $17.01 $17.02 $35,390 3.1 %
43-9041 Insurance Claims and Policy Processing Clerks 230 0.01% $13.04 $13.38 $27,820 3.6 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 3,630 0.10% $11.52 $11.99 $24,940 1.4 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 111,340 2.94% $9.44 $10.24 $21,300 0.8 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 520 0.01% $13.60 $13.74 $28,590 2.2 %
43-9081 Proofreaders and Copy Markers 40 0.00% $13.46 $14.05 $29,220 3.8 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants (7) (7) $13.08 $13.58 $28,240 1.9 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 2,180 0.06% $10.19 $11.14 $23,170 2.6 %
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers 110 0.00% $16.99 $17.44 $36,280 7.1 %
45-2011 Agricultural Inspectors 580 0.02% $12.52 $13.42 $27,920 5.1 %
45-2041 Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products (7) (7) $7.29 $8.18 $17,010 6.0 %
45-2091 Agricultural Equipment Operators (7) (7) $11.15 $10.63 $22,110 10.5 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 210 0.01% $7.92 $8.61 $17,920 5.1 %
45-2093 Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals 880 0.02% $9.20 $9.64 $20,060 4.6 %
45-4011 Forest and Conservation Workers 50 0.00% $15.49 $16.07 $33,430 7.5 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 19,190 0.51% $15.32 $16.94 $35,230 3.6 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 1,260 0.03% $23.00 $24.39 $50,730 2.6 %
47-2011 Boilermakers 410 0.01% $18.25 $20.28 $42,190 6.5 %
47-2021 Brickmasons and Blockmasons (7) (7) $15.54 $15.12 $31,460 16.3 %
47-2031 Carpenters 1,760 0.05% $15.38 $15.94 $33,160 2.0 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers (7) (7) $8.73 $10.82 $22,510 7.1 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 560 0.01% $15.55 $16.42 $34,140 6.5 %
47-2111 Electricians 2,380 0.06% $19.54 $20.27 $42,160 2.7 %
47-2121 Glaziers 1,790 0.05% $14.24 $15.34 $31,900 5.8 %
47-2130 Insulation Workers 70 0.00% $13.89 $13.92 $28,950 2.7 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance (7) (7) $11.84 $12.67 $26,360 1.9 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 3,480 0.09% $19.98 $21.10 $43,880 3.2 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 530 0.01% $15.55 $16.97 $35,290 8.4 %
47-2221 Structural Iron and Steel Workers 170 0.00% $20.18 $20.14 $41,890 2.7 %
47-3012 Helpers—Carpenters 100 0.00% $8.99 $8.71 $18,120 5.3 %
47-3013 Helpers—Electricians 200 0.01% $9.32 $9.29 $19,330 5.7 %
47-3014 Helpers—Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons 90 0.00% $10.51 $10.30 $21,430 2.6 %
47-3015 Helpers—Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 60 0.00% $10.94 $10.83 $22,520 5.1 %
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors 150 0.00% $20.67 $19.99 $41,590 4.6 %
47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 70 0.00% $14.56 $15.11 $31,430 3.3 %
47-4071 Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners 220 0.01% $11.05 $12.21 $25,400 4.6 %
47-5071 Roustabouts, Oil and Gas 80 0.00% $11.00 $12.39 $25,770 9.5 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 639,140 16.88% $14.26 $15.60 $32,440 0.5 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 58,680 1.55% $20.89 $22.99 $47,820 1.3 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 16,510 0.44% $14.11 $15.09 $31,390 1.9 %
49-2021 Radio Mechanics 1,590 0.04% $15.85 $17.68 $36,760 4.7 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 2,860 0.08% $19.85 $19.19 $39,920 4.2 %
49-2091 Avionics Technicians 1,070 0.03% $14.88 $16.48 $34,280 4.2 %
49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers 9,170 0.24% $14.22 $14.68 $30,530 1.8 %
49-2093 Electrical and Electronics Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment 720 0.02% $18.08 $18.15 $37,750 3.5 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 5,430 0.14% $18.10 $18.63 $38,740 2.7 %
49-2095 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Powerhouse, Substation, and Relay 420 0.01% $17.40 $16.20 $33,690 13.3 %
49-2096 Electronic Equipment Installers and Repairers, Motor Vehicles 1,590 0.04% $11.64 $12.50 $26,010 3.5 %
49-2097 Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Installers and Repairers 6,840 0.18% $12.60 $13.56 $28,190 2.1 %
49-2098 Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers 130 0.00% $16.70 $17.32 $36,030 6.9 %
49-3011 Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians 310 0.01% $18.25 $18.05 $37,540 11.8 %
49-3021 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 108,800 2.87% $15.56 $16.86 $35,080 1.2 %
49-3022 Automotive Glass Installers and Repairers 14,200 0.38% $13.23 $13.63 $28,360 2.2 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 241,910 6.39% $13.30 $14.27 $29,670 0.8 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 25,010 0.66% $16.07 $16.61 $34,550 2.2 %
49-3041 Farm Equipment Mechanics 1,400 0.04% $11.42 $12.22 $25,430 2.9 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 6,380 0.17% $15.68 $15.99 $33,250 2.0 %
49-3051 Motorboat Mechanics 3,020 0.08% $13.52 $14.60 $30,360 2.6 %
49-3052 Motorcycle Mechanics 510 0.01% $12.00 $12.87 $26,770 5.4 %
49-3053 Outdoor Power Equipment and Other Small Engine Mechanics 3,180 0.08% $11.97 $12.60 $26,200 2.9 %
49-3091 Bicycle Repairers 150 0.00% $10.19 $9.79 $20,370 14.7 %
49-3092 Recreational Vehicle Service Technicians 1,490 0.04% $12.91 $13.67 $28,430 2.9 %
49-3093 Tire Repairers and Changers 5,770 0.15% $9.60 $10.34 $21,510 3.3 %
49-9011 Mechanical Door Repairers 60 0.00% $13.08 $16.64 $34,610 15.4 %
49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door 800 0.02% $15.03 $16.37 $34,040 7.0 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 11,220 0.30% $17.20 $18.21 $37,880 2.0 %
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers 9,590 0.25% $14.66 $15.40 $32,040 3.5 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 7,470 0.20% $15.47 $16.97 $35,310 3.6 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 41,040 1.08% $13.01 $14.20 $29,530 2.0 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 2,860 0.08% $14.42 $14.98 $31,160 3.2 %
49-9044 Millwrights 730 0.02% $20.82 $21.00 $43,680 5.1 %
49-9045 Refractory Materials Repairers, Except Brickmasons 80 0.00% $20.84 $22.90 $47,630 8.5 %
49-9051 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 240 0.01% $21.08 $21.30 $44,310 2.7 %
49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers 950 0.03% $21.66 $20.64 $42,930 5.3 %
49-9061 Camera and Photographic Equipment Repairers 830 0.02% $17.84 $17.05 $35,470 3.9 %
49-9062 Medical Equipment Repairers 4,200 0.11% $17.40 $18.22 $37,890 3.7 %
49-9063 Musical Instrument Repairers and Tuners 830 0.02% $14.49 $17.06 $35,480 19.1 %
49-9064 Watch Repairers 680 0.02% $13.33 $15.39 $32,020 3.9 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers 1,510 0.04% $13.54 $13.64 $28,380 3.8 %
49-9093 Fabric Menders, Except Garment 60 0.00% $9.15 $10.10 $21,020 6.5 %
49-9094 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers 330 0.01% $13.70 $14.21 $29,550 8.1 %
49-9096 Riggers 190 0.01% $17.32 $16.35 $34,000 6.9 %
49-9098 Helpers—Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 25,960 0.69% $8.27 $8.85 $18,410 1.3 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 356,130 9.41% $9.24 $10.85 $22,580 0.5 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 23,200 0.61% $16.72 $18.63 $38,740 1.4 %
51-2021 Coil Winders, Tapers, and Finishers 320 0.01% $13.21 $13.58 $28,250 2.7 %
51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 550 0.01% $13.21 $13.67 $28,420 5.4 %
51-2023 Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers 40 0.00% $11.10 $10.90 $22,670 11.1 %
51-2031 Engine and Other Machine Assemblers 240 0.01% $10.45 $11.17 $23,230 5.7 %
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters 460 0.01% $13.03 $13.76 $28,610 3.0 %
51-2091 Fiberglass Laminators and Fabricators 660 0.02% $12.96 $13.54 $28,150 2.8 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 3,310 0.09% $10.92 $11.92 $24,800 2.8 %
51-2093 Timing Device Assemblers, Adjusters, and Calibrators 610 0.02% $11.49 $13.16 $27,380 4.0 %
51-3011 Bakers 50 0.00% $22.75 $19.06 $39,640 12.7 %
51-3021 Butchers and Meat Cutters 140 0.00% $10.15 $11.33 $23,570 9.9 %
51-4011 Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic 140 0.00% $13.95 $13.77 $28,640 5.1 %
51-4012 Numerical Tool and Process Control Programmers (7) (7) $21.57 $21.44 $44,600 4.0 %
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 130 0.00% $10.69 $11.26 $23,420 4.9 %
51-4033 Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 760 0.02% $13.23 $13.73 $28,570 3.4 %
51-4034 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (7) (7) $9.23 $10.28 $21,380 10.1 %
51-4035 Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (7) (7) $19.88 $17.90 $37,230 12.2 %
51-4041 Machinists 7,880 0.21% $15.23 $15.52 $32,270 1.7 %
51-4072 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 140 0.00% $10.67 $11.57 $24,070 7.0 %
51-4081 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (7) (7) $8.55 $10.14 $21,090 16.7 %
51-4111 Tool and Die Makers (7) (7) $28.86 $25.56 $53,160 14.5 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 20,850 0.55% $13.17 $13.79 $28,690 1.8 %
51-4122 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 420 0.01% $13.01 $12.76 $26,550 5.5 %
51-4193 Plating and Coating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 50 0.00% $14.79 $15.78 $32,820 2.4 %
51-4194 Tool Grinders, Filers, and Sharpeners 2,260 0.06% $12.32 $13.39 $27,850 2.6 %
51-5011 Bindery Workers 150 0.00% $14.81 $16.24 $33,780 11.2 %
51-5021 Job Printers 270 0.01% $17.63 $17.26 $35,910 2.8 %
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers 200 0.01% $11.36 $13.22 $27,500 8.3 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 490 0.01% $14.29 $14.92 $31,040 1.8 %
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 105,060 2.77% $7.89 $8.27 $17,200 0.7 %
51-6021 Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 64,880 1.71% $8.07 $8.29 $17,240 0.9 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators 5,360 0.14% $8.96 $9.47 $19,700 1.9 %
51-6041 Shoe and Leather Workers and Repairers 2,290 0.06% $8.99 $9.36 $19,470 3.7 %
51-6042 Shoe Machine Operators and Tenders 90 0.00% $8.87 $9.68 $20,140 5.1 %
51-6051 Sewers, Hand 890 0.02% $9.20 $9.60 $19,980 2.3 %
51-6052 Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers 7,550 0.20% $9.04 $9.72 $20,220 3.1 %
51-6062 Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 170 0.00% $8.67 $9.25 $19,250 3.7 %
51-6063 Textile Knitting and Weaving Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (7) (7) $6.85 $7.60 $15,810 8.6 %
51-6092 Fabric and Apparel Patternmakers 130 0.00% $15.28 $16.94 $35,230 4.1 %
51-6093 Upholsterers 11,500 0.30% $11.02 $12.26 $25,500 3.0 %
51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 950 0.03% $11.77 $13.03 $27,090 2.8 %
51-7021 Furniture Finishers 3,990 0.11% $11.21 $12.07 $25,100 3.0 %
51-7042 Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing 70 0.00% $10.90 $10.14 $21,090 9.9 %
51-8013 Power Plant Operators (7) (7) $30.01 $28.30 $58,870 7.6 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 450 0.01% $10.75 $15.63 $32,520 3.7 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 140 0.00% $15.71 $16.49 $34,290 7.0 %
51-9021 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 100 0.00% $9.95 $10.45 $21,730 6.8 %
51-9022 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 160 0.00% $12.47 $12.82 $26,660 5.6 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 60 0.00% $15.60 $15.10 $31,410 8.3 %
51-9031 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 80 0.00% $10.50 $11.35 $23,600 6.8 %
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 400 0.01% $11.73 $12.08 $25,130 5.5 %
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (7) (7) $13.01 $13.37 $27,810 5.8 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 14,640 0.39% $9.17 $10.99 $22,860 2.0 %
51-9071 Jewelers and Precious Stone and Metal Workers 1,020 0.03% $11.71 $12.33 $25,640 5.9 %
51-9082 Medical Appliance Technicians (7) (7) $15.57 $15.99 $33,270 4.4 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 1,780 0.05% $9.94 $10.06 $20,920 3.2 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 880 0.02% $12.71 $12.68 $26,370 3.3 %
51-9122 Painters, Transportation Equipment 20,640 0.55% $16.05 $17.22 $35,810 1.8 %
51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers 920 0.02% $10.48 $11.00 $22,890 6.6 %
51-9131 Photographic Process Workers 8,840 0.23% $9.71 $10.55 $21,940 2.3 %
51-9132 Photographic Processing Machine Operators 18,510 0.49% $10.23 $10.73 $22,320 1.7 %
51-9191 Cementing and Gluing Machine Operators and Tenders (7) (7) $12.62 $12.94 $26,920 2.6 %
51-9196 Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 270 0.01% $13.03 $13.13 $27,310 4.2 %
51-9197 Tire Builders (7) (7) $8.43 $8.64 $17,970 5.7 %
51-9198 Helpers—Production Workers 12,620 0.33% $9.34 $9.92 $20,630 1.4 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 337,820 8.92% $8.34 $9.64 $20,050 0.5 %
53-1011 Aircraft Cargo Handling Supervisors 230 0.01% $11.27 $13.56 $28,210 8.9 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 8,520 0.23% $14.74 $16.14 $33,570 1.9 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 12,720 0.34% $15.47 $16.61 $34,560 1.2 %
53-3011 Ambulance Drivers and Attendants, Except Emergency Medical Technicians 150 0.00% $9.77 $11.41 $23,740 10.8 %
53-3021 Bus Drivers, Transit and Intercity 770 0.02% $10.65 $12.37 $25,730 7.8 %
53-3022 Bus Drivers, School 2,110 0.06% $10.06 $10.68 $22,220 2.3 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 17,250 0.46% $14.54 $14.61 $30,390 1.0 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 10,410 0.27% $13.54 $14.19 $29,510 2.5 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light Or Delivery Services 22,620 0.60% $10.65 $11.42 $23,750 1.1 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 10,520 0.28% $8.88 $10.04 $20,880 3.5 %
53-5011 Sailors and Marine Oilers 70 0.00% $8.73 $9.25 $19,250 3.6 %
53-5021 Captains, Mates, and Pilots of Water Vessels (7) (7) $16.07 $17.33 $36,050 3.5 %
53-6021 Parking Lot Attendants 63,090 1.67% $8.13 $8.55 $17,790 1.4 %
53-6031 Service Station Attendants 35,070 0.93% $8.33 $8.74 $18,180 0.8 %
53-6051 Transportation Inspectors 580 0.02% $8.50 $9.19 $19,110 6.6 %
53-7011 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 90 0.00% $8.97 $8.92 $18,550 8.8 %
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators 220 0.01% $17.14 $18.18 $37,800 6.5 %
53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators 300 0.01% $15.43 $15.83 $32,920 5.4 %
53-7041 Hoist and Winch Operators 190 0.01% $13.82 $18.18 $37,820 21.4 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 830 0.02% $12.09 $12.45 $25,890 4.5 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 124,000 3.28% $7.35 $7.80 $16,220 0.7 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 19,130 0.51% $8.77 $9.65 $20,080 1.3 %
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 1,330 0.04% $8.41 $9.11 $18,950 5.0 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 3,930 0.10% $8.21 $8.86 $18,420 1.5 %
53-7081 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 290 0.01% $7.76 $9.20 $19,140 6.3 %
53-7111 Shuttle Car Operators 50 0.00% $9.59 $11.06 $23,010 12.7 %
53-7121 Tank Car, Truck, and Ship Loaders 260 0.01% $13.49 $13.46 $27,990 3.8 %

About November 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Hourly wage rates for occupations where workers typically work fewer than 2,080 hours per year are not available.

(5) This median wage is equal to or greater than $70.00 per hour or $145,600 per year.

(7) Estimates not released.



Other OES estimates and related information:

November 2003 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

November 2003 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

November 2003 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

November 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Technical notes

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Last Modified Date: August 15, 2007

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