Occupational Employment Statistics

November 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 221000 - Utilities

These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in NAICS 221000 - Utilities.

These and other data elements, including the 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages are available in the downloadable Excel files (XLS).

NAICS Industry 221000 - Utilities is part of: Sector 22 - Utilities.

NAICS 221000 - Utilities consists of:

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in NAICS 221000 - Utilities:

NAICS 221000 - Utilities

Click on the SOC code number to view an occupational profile.

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 574,730 100.00% $24.84 $25.90 $53,870 0.5 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 34,980 6.09% $44.47 $47.15 $98,070 0.7 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 1,870 0.33% (5) $74.97 $155,940 1.7 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 10,710 1.86% $44.10 $47.00 $97,750 0.9 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 150 0.03% $35.89 $38.43 $79,940 3.1 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 2,100 0.37% $42.37 $43.72 $90,940 1.4 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 560 0.10% $45.75 $48.10 $100,060 2.8 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 630 0.11% $41.71 $43.69 $90,870 1.7 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 1,710 0.30% $38.85 $39.64 $82,440 1.1 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 1,790 0.31% $45.86 $46.63 $96,980 1.4 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 2,570 0.45% $44.82 $47.81 $99,440 1.2 %
11-3040 Human Resources Managers 1,220 0.21% $41.92 $42.32 $88,020 1.3 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 1,080 0.19% $47.04 $48.37 $100,620 1.4 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 490 0.09% $37.14 $38.83 $80,770 2.2 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 1,430 0.25% $40.64 $41.37 $86,050 1.4 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 580 0.10% $38.54 $38.93 $80,970 1.5 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 3,920 0.68% $43.67 $44.65 $92,870 0.8 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 220 0.04% $38.66 $43.97 $91,450 10.2 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 39,970 6.95% $30.77 $31.50 $65,510 0.8 %
13-1021 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 50 0.01% $28.25 $30.31 $63,050 4.5 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 440 0.08% $31.35 $31.26 $65,020 3.4 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 2,460 0.43% $27.70 $29.19 $60,720 1.7 %
13-1031 Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 210 0.04% $27.43 $27.73 $57,680 2.2 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 1,230 0.21% $33.16 $33.15 $68,950 1.3 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 1,200 0.21% $30.43 $30.07 $62,540 1.8 %
13-1061 Emergency Management Specialists 290 0.05% $33.42 $33.27 $69,200 1.5 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 380 0.07% $27.06 $28.42 $59,120 2.1 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 710 0.12% $26.47 $27.43 $57,050 1.8 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 2,860 0.50% $33.41 $32.39 $67,380 1.2 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 4,880 0.85% $32.30 $32.71 $68,040 1.0 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 30 0.01% $30.24 $32.18 $66,940 4.5 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 8,420 1.47% $27.97 $28.95 $60,230 0.8 %
13-2021 Appraisers and Assessors of Real Estate 60 0.01% $38.96 $36.72 $76,380 7.7 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 490 0.09% $28.18 $28.84 $59,980 1.7 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 430 0.07% $24.93 $26.95 $56,050 4.4 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 1,680 0.29% $32.56 $33.20 $69,050 1.9 %
Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 18,320 3.19% $31.53 $31.45 $65,410 1.0 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 2,020 0.35% $29.85 $29.94 $62,280 1.2 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 2,140 0.37% $34.01 $33.84 $70,380 1.2 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 1,060 0.18% $34.56 $34.22 $71,170 1.7 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 1,910 0.33% $25.00 $25.23 $52,490 1.3 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 4,740 0.82% $34.30 $34.17 $71,070 1.2 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 710 0.12% $34.03 $33.34 $69,350 3.0 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 1,810 0.31% $29.81 $30.20 $62,820 1.2 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 2,050 0.36% $29.39 $29.15 $60,630 4.0 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 1,030 0.18% $30.36 $30.22 $62,850 2.5 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 48,960 8.52% $31.95 $31.96 $66,480 0.7 %
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval 90 0.02% $42.02 $41.85 $87,050 1.8 %
17-1021 Cartographers and Photogrammetrists 120 0.02% $21.73 $24.02 $49,960 2.6 %
17-1022 Surveyors 550 0.10% $25.03 $25.06 $52,130 1.6 %
17-2041 Chemical Engineers 160 0.03% $35.39 $35.57 $73,990 1.6 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 2,200 0.38% $32.47 $32.63 $67,870 1.4 %
17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers 220 0.04% $37.61 $37.51 $78,020 1.7 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 8,850 1.54% $35.23 $34.87 $72,540 0.7 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 410 0.07% $32.63 $32.53 $67,670 1.4 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 570 0.10% $33.96 $32.56 $67,720 2.0 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 540 0.09% $33.27 $33.22 $69,090 1.6 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 1,340 0.23% $33.35 $32.98 $68,600 2.5 %
17-2131 Materials Engineers 230 0.04% $28.83 $30.65 $63,760 2.8 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 1,370 0.24% $36.19 $35.66 $74,180 1.4 %
17-2161 Nuclear Engineers 6,920 1.20% $39.77 $39.55 $82,270 1.0 %
17-2171 Petroleum Engineers 840 0.15% $38.20 $36.29 $75,490 2.1 %
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters 210 0.04% $22.82 $22.76 $47,330 2.3 %
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters 2,440 0.42% $26.95 $27.31 $56,810 1.9 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 500 0.09% $24.74 $24.69 $51,350 1.6 %
17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians 770 0.13% $23.60 $23.72 $49,340 1.7 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 7,580 1.32% $26.69 $26.84 $55,840 1.0 %
17-3024 Electro-Mechanical Technicians 500 0.09% $24.93 $26.22 $54,540 3.7 %
17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technicians 450 0.08% $28.93 $26.82 $55,790 2.3 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 640 0.11% $26.80 $26.67 $55,470 2.5 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 480 0.08% $27.96 $27.59 $57,390 5.0 %
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 1,990 0.35% $20.96 $21.68 $45,090 1.4 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 10,160 1.77% $29.85 $29.43 $61,200 1.0 %
19-1032 Foresters 160 0.03% $30.47 $30.19 $62,800 1.8 %
19-2012 Physicists 220 0.04% $30.47 $31.54 $65,610 2.9 %
19-2031 Chemists 590 0.10% $30.55 $30.64 $63,730 1.5 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 590 0.10% $31.99 $31.01 $64,500 1.7 %
19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers 90 0.02% $35.86 $35.07 $72,940 4.9 %
19-2043 Hydrologists 70 0.01% $30.07 $28.63 $59,550 3.2 %
19-3011 Economists 140 0.02% $37.19 $36.16 $75,210 2.4 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 1,340 0.23% $30.86 $31.69 $65,920 1.4 %
19-3051 Urban and Regional Planners 90 0.02% $28.18 $30.30 $63,020 4.9 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 1,190 0.21% $26.47 $25.94 $53,950 1.3 %
19-4041 Geological and Petroleum Technicians 150 0.03% $23.35 $23.35 $48,570 2.8 %
19-4051 Nuclear Technicians 2,990 0.52% $31.87 $31.46 $65,430 1.4 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health 830 0.14% $24.74 $24.41 $50,780 4.6 %
19-4093 Forest and Conservation Technicians 50 0.01% $28.51 $28.27 $58,810 3.4 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 1,150 0.20% $46.49 $48.30 $100,470 3.0 %
23-1011 Lawyers 780 0.14% $55.54 $58.30 $121,260 2.6 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 220 0.04% $25.35 $27.73 $57,670 4.8 %
23-2093 Title Examiners, Abstractors, and Searchers 70 0.01% $24.56 $25.50 $53,050 4.3 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 240 0.04% $32.42 $31.03 $64,540 3.6 %
25-1194 Vocational Education Teachers, Postsecondary 50 0.01% $34.96 $34.89 $72,570 2.7 %
25-9021 Farm and Home Management Advisors 50 0.01% $20.93 $22.47 $46,730 5.5 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 2,480 0.43% $25.89 $26.57 $55,260 0.9 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 150 0.03% $29.02 $27.60 $57,410 3.0 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 310 0.05% $22.42 $23.13 $48,110 1.7 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 1,580 0.27% $25.62 $26.67 $55,480 1.2 %
27-3041 Editors 40 0.01% $23.74 $21.75 $45,230 8.7 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 140 0.02% $31.17 $30.64 $63,730 1.6 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 40 0.01% $29.51 $29.47 $61,310 4.3 %
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians 50 0.01% $19.80 $20.81 $43,290 10.8 %
Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 1,120 0.19% $30.58 $30.64 $63,730 1.7 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 50 0.01% $27.21 $27.87 $57,970 3.7 %
29-9010 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists and Technicians 1,000 0.17% $31.07 $31.06 $64,610 1.8 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 3,240 0.56% $19.88 $20.70 $43,060 1.9 %
33-2021 Fire Inspectors and Investigators 30 0.01% $26.57 $26.18 $54,460 6.6 %
33-9021 Private Detectives and Investigators 190 0.03% $27.57 $28.69 $59,670 4.3 %
33-9032 Security Guards 2,530 0.44% $18.39 $18.71 $38,920 2.4 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 40 0.01% $9.77 $10.06 $20,930 7.1 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 3,790 0.66% $13.96 $15.33 $31,880 1.3 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 70 0.01% $19.57 $20.34 $42,310 6.5 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 70 0.01% $26.48 $25.92 $53,900 2.9 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 2,080 0.36% $12.41 $13.33 $27,720 1.6 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 580 0.10% $18.24 $16.74 $34,820 3.0 %
37-3013 Tree Trimmers and Pruners 820 0.14% $16.38 $18.09 $37,620 3.2 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 80 0.01% $16.07 $17.04 $35,450 9.4 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 8,670 1.51% $23.34 $25.22 $52,450 1.9 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 190 0.03% $26.21 $26.87 $55,880 2.8 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 430 0.07% $33.32 $37.13 $77,230 4.5 %
41-2011 Cashiers 1,870 0.33% $12.40 $12.97 $26,980 2.2 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 250 0.04% $13.73 $13.80 $28,700 1.8 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 510 0.09% $13.95 $16.86 $35,060 6.0 %
41-3031 Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents 320 0.06% $39.17 $40.44 $84,110 3.3 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 690 0.12% $28.72 $30.97 $64,410 3.0 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 1,610 0.28% $32.11 $32.58 $67,770 3.0 %
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents 230 0.04% $26.94 $26.22 $54,540 2.8 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers 100 0.02% $32.29 $35.37 $73,570 11.9 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 290 0.05% $12.39 $13.48 $28,040 7.8 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 130,600 22.72% $17.37 $18.26 $37,990 0.7 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 9,250 1.61% $26.82 $27.52 $57,250 1.2 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 520 0.09% $13.69 $14.29 $29,730 3.1 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 3,450 0.60% $17.01 $17.78 $36,990 1.1 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 4,410 0.77% $14.78 $15.44 $32,110 1.0 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 6,950 1.21% $16.23 $16.53 $34,370 1.2 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 1,000 0.17% $16.98 $17.04 $35,450 1.1 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 310 0.05% $17.53 $18.73 $38,960 2.6 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 230 0.04% $19.59 $19.32 $40,190 3.1 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 32,400 5.64% $16.86 $17.63 $36,660 1.0 %
43-4071 File Clerks 510 0.09% $17.55 $17.41 $36,220 2.1 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan (7) (7) $11.83 $12.35 $25,680 3.5 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 930 0.16% $18.06 $18.61 $38,710 2.3 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 760 0.13% $17.80 $18.54 $38,560 2.2 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 1,220 0.21% $11.95 $12.41 $25,820 1.7 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 90 0.02% $17.02 $17.20 $35,790 3.8 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 3,790 0.66% $19.19 $19.67 $40,910 1.3 %
43-5041 Meter Readers, Utilities 23,140 4.03% $16.40 $16.74 $34,820 0.9 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 2,760 0.48% $22.25 $23.49 $48,850 1.8 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 630 0.11% $18.63 $18.46 $38,400 1.7 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 4,260 0.74% $20.89 $20.42 $42,470 0.9 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 120 0.02% $20.39 $20.48 $42,600 3.8 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 9,010 1.57% $19.54 $20.29 $42,190 0.9 %
43-6012 Legal Secretaries 140 0.02% $23.17 $22.56 $46,930 3.0 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 6,960 1.21% $15.30 $15.34 $31,910 1.2 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 630 0.11% $18.95 $19.10 $39,730 2.8 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 310 0.05% $15.82 $16.63 $34,600 2.3 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 30 0.01% $17.65 $18.43 $38,330 3.7 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 530 0.09% $15.78 $17.11 $35,580 4.1 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 11,870 2.07% $15.36 $15.67 $32,600 1.9 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 170 0.03% $18.90 $19.00 $39,510 4.0 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants 110 0.02% $17.44 $17.80 $37,020 5.3 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 440 0.08% $11.49 $13.63 $28,340 4.1 %
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers 60 0.01% $19.93 $22.35 $46,480 4.2 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 120 0.02% $8.75 $8.98 $18,680 8.4 %
45-4011 Forest and Conservation Workers 50 0.01% $25.04 $24.61 $51,180 9.7 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 37,240 6.48% $22.97 $22.45 $46,690 0.7 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 4,760 0.83% $28.16 $28.30 $58,850 0.8 %
47-2011 Boilermakers (7) (7) $19.88 $20.11 $41,820 6.1 %
47-2031 Carpenters 250 0.04% $23.62 $21.53 $44,780 4.3 %
47-2051 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers 30 0.01% $12.51 $15.32 $31,870 11.1 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 1,970 0.34% $16.50 $17.05 $35,470 2.9 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 4,460 0.78% $21.11 $20.84 $43,350 1.2 %
47-2111 Electricians 9,390 1.63% $25.25 $24.76 $51,510 1.0 %
47-2130 Insulation Workers 60 0.01% $22.81 $21.09 $43,870 4.8 %
47-2151 Pipelayers 1,700 0.30% $18.33 $18.63 $38,750 2.1 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 10,010 1.74% $22.45 $21.36 $44,420 1.3 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers (7) (7) $32.45 $28.88 $60,080 4.8 %
47-3013 Helpers—Electricians 960 0.17% $15.89 $16.05 $33,380 2.5 %
47-3015 Helpers—Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 700 0.12% $11.72 $13.55 $28,190 4.6 %
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors 780 0.14% $30.41 $29.04 $60,400 2.2 %
47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 320 0.06% $20.70 $21.54 $44,800 3.0 %
47-4051 Highway Maintenance Workers 110 0.02% $12.66 $13.17 $27,390 7.0 %
47-4071 Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners 340 0.06% $13.80 $14.60 $30,370 3.5 %
47-5013 Service Unit Operators, Oil, Gas, and Mining 100 0.02% $16.27 $16.68 $34,690 6.6 %
47-5071 Roustabouts, Oil and Gas 60 0.01% $11.69 $12.00 $24,970 7.7 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 148,500 25.84% $25.26 $24.91 $51,810 0.4 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 15,780 2.75% $31.63 $31.26 $65,020 0.5 %
49-2021 Radio Mechanics 40 0.01% $23.22 $23.39 $48,650 3.7 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 720 0.13% $27.13 $26.35 $54,810 2.8 %
49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers 160 0.03% $28.76 $27.92 $58,070 7.0 %
49-2093 Electrical and Electronics Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment 390 0.07% $22.46 $23.19 $48,240 3.1 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 1,490 0.26% $24.87 $24.60 $51,170 1.7 %
49-2095 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Powerhouse, Substation, and Relay 14,410 2.51% $25.80 $25.68 $53,420 0.5 %
49-2096 Electronic Equipment Installers and Repairers, Motor Vehicles 70 0.01% $22.75 $22.84 $47,500 6.5 %
49-2098 Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers 60 0.01% $18.34 $19.67 $40,920 5.5 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 2,880 0.50% $23.08 $22.49 $46,780 1.4 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 2,930 0.51% $24.93 $24.47 $50,900 1.8 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 740 0.13% $24.31 $23.46 $48,790 3.6 %
49-9011 Mechanical Door Repairers (7) (7) $29.37 $29.23 $60,800 3.3 %
49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door 17,480 3.04% $24.23 $23.66 $49,220 0.8 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 1,540 0.27% $23.23 $22.61 $47,020 1.7 %
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers 1,810 0.31% $25.88 $25.14 $52,280 1.9 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 8,650 1.51% $25.71 $25.07 $52,150 1.4 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 10,550 1.84% $22.49 $21.76 $45,260 1.3 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 1,390 0.24% $23.45 $22.83 $47,480 2.0 %
49-9051 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 54,540 9.49% $25.21 $24.84 $51,660 0.5 %
49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers 410 0.07% $26.81 $26.16 $54,410 2.7 %
49-9092 Commercial Divers (7) (7) $9.84 $11.48 $23,880 22.1 %
49-9098 Helpers—Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 4,290 0.75% $15.19 $15.92 $33,120 1.3 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 71,880 12.51% $25.53 $25.67 $53,400 0.6 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 11,060 1.92% $33.93 $33.55 $69,780 0.9 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 70 0.01% $14.05 $18.40 $38,280 14.6 %
51-4041 Machinists 1,480 0.26% $25.52 $24.69 $51,350 2.8 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 3,370 0.59% $24.67 $23.97 $49,860 1.4 %
51-4122 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 140 0.02% $27.41 $25.95 $53,970 6.6 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 40 0.01% $17.39 $17.37 $36,130 2.5 %
51-8011 Nuclear Power Reactor Operators 3,320 0.58% $30.92 $31.12 $64,740 1.3 %
51-8012 Power Distributors and Dispatchers 5,030 0.88% $27.64 $28.43 $59,130 1.2 %
51-8013 Power Plant Operators 22,890 3.98% $25.47 $25.51 $53,050 0.6 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 3,200 0.56% $24.85 $24.54 $51,030 1.4 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 9,440 1.64% $16.14 $17.09 $35,550 1.1 %
51-8091 Chemical Plant and System Operators 130 0.02% $24.59 $24.82 $51,630 3.5 %
51-8092 Gas Plant Operators 4,270 0.74% $25.57 $25.51 $53,050 0.9 %
51-8093 Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, and Gaugers (7) (7) $19.59 $19.99 $41,570 2.5 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 2,570 0.45% $25.59 $24.97 $51,950 1.0 %
51-9198 Helpers—Production Workers 860 0.15% $14.93 $15.00 $31,190 3.6 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 12,850 2.24% $20.12 $20.09 $41,790 1.7 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 330 0.06% $24.35 $24.94 $51,870 3.0 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 610 0.11% $30.90 $30.18 $62,770 1.5 %
53-2011 Airline Pilots, Copilots, and Flight Engineers 40 0.01% (4) (4) $148,470 18.3 %
53-2012 Commercial Pilots 40 0.01% (4) (4) $75,070 2.7 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 90 0.02% $12.12 $11.87 $24,680 5.8 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 1,880 0.33% $18.72 $18.57 $38,630 2.2 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light Or Delivery Services 750 0.13% $15.78 $16.59 $34,500 5.4 %
53-4013 Rail Yard Engineers, Dinkey Operators, and Hostlers 60 0.01% $17.64 $18.46 $38,390 4.0 %
53-7011 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 140 0.02% $19.22 $18.83 $39,180 3.6 %
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators 330 0.06% $23.08 $23.90 $49,720 2.8 %
53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators 1,230 0.21% $25.07 $24.43 $50,810 4.3 %
53-7041 Hoist and Winch Operators 70 0.01% $20.28 $20.28 $42,190 4.4 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 870 0.15% $21.41 $20.75 $43,170 2.9 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 50 0.01% $9.64 $14.44 $30,040 11.0 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 3,510 0.61% $15.46 $15.84 $32,960 1.7 %
53-7071 Gas Compressor and Gas Pumping Station Operators 680 0.12% $25.81 $25.71 $53,470 4.5 %
53-7072 Pump Operators, Except Wellhead Pumpers 120 0.02% $21.07 $18.56 $38,600 3.4 %
53-7073 Wellhead Pumpers 160 0.03% $16.44 $16.07 $33,420 4.7 %
53-7081 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 130 0.02% $10.53 $10.94 $22,760 2.9 %
53-7121 Tank Car, Truck, and Ship Loaders 150 0.03% $20.99 $20.10 $41,800 5.8 %

About November 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Hourly wage rates for occupations where workers typically work fewer than 2,080 hours per year are not available.

(5) This median wage is equal to or greater than $70.00 per hour or $145,600 per year.

(7) Estimates not released.



Other OES estimates and related information:

November 2003 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

November 2003 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

November 2003 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

November 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Technical notes

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Last Modified Date: November 24, 2004

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