Occupational Employment Statistics

November 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 541700 - Scientific Research and Development Services

These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in NAICS 541700 - Scientific Research and Development Services.

These and other data elements, including the 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages are available in the downloadable Excel files (XLS).

NAICS Industry 541700 - Scientific Research and Development Services is part of: NAICS 541000 - Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services.

NAICS 541700 - Scientific Research and Development Services consists of:

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in NAICS 541700 - Scientific Research and Development Services:

NAICS 541700 - Scientific Research and Development Services

Click on the SOC code number to view an occupational profile.

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 545,340 100.00% $26.99 $31.25 $65,000 0.9 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 66,560 12.21% $50.54 $54.00 $112,330 0.9 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 4,190 0.77% (5) $80.10 $166,620 1.9 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 13,180 2.42% $55.75 $59.63 $124,020 1.3 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 350 0.06% $37.88 $42.89 $89,210 6.2 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 3,440 0.63% $50.67 $52.92 $110,070 2.0 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 2,070 0.38% $52.62 $55.26 $114,940 2.7 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 990 0.18% $38.67 $42.09 $87,550 4.1 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 3,290 0.60% $31.53 $35.93 $74,730 2.9 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 5,610 1.03% $50.79 $52.47 $109,130 2.3 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 4,430 0.81% $46.72 $50.43 $104,890 2.4 %
11-3040 Human Resources Managers 2,670 0.49% $45.73 $46.72 $97,180 2.8 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 1,210 0.22% $51.69 $52.39 $108,970 2.2 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 1,420 0.26% $42.05 $43.45 $90,370 2.4 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 240 0.04% $43.78 $45.39 $94,420 2.6 %
11-9011 Farm, Ranch, and Other Agricultural Managers 30 0.01% $29.30 $34.01 $70,750 12.1 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 130 0.02% $40.25 $42.30 $87,980 6.3 %
11-9033 Education Administrators, Postsecondary 50 0.01% $46.10 $53.93 $112,170 10.5 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 7,140 1.31% $53.83 $56.61 $117,740 1.9 %
11-9051 Food Service Managers 30 0.01% $29.65 $28.39 $59,050 5.2 %
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 1,030 0.19% $40.60 $45.62 $94,890 3.1 %
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers 6,540 1.20% $49.50 $53.76 $111,830 2.6 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 50 0.01% $34.51 $41.30 $85,900 11.3 %
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers 310 0.06% $31.07 $39.71 $82,590 12.1 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 42,860 7.86% $27.25 $30.15 $62,700 3.1 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 70 0.01% $32.71 $35.93 $74,730 8.8 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 3,560 0.65% $25.10 $25.72 $53,490 4.2 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 1,420 0.26% $29.22 $30.58 $63,600 2.4 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 510 0.09% $29.88 $31.76 $66,070 3.6 %
13-1061 Emergency Management Specialists 130 0.02% $33.99 $34.26 $71,270 2.1 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 950 0.17% $24.40 $25.91 $53,890 3.8 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 690 0.13% $27.18 $28.56 $59,410 2.0 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 1,560 0.29% $26.42 $26.99 $56,140 3.4 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 6,460 1.18% $33.68 $37.71 $78,430 3.6 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 650 0.12% $20.54 $23.60 $49,080 7.3 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 5,930 1.09% $27.52 $29.73 $61,840 1.7 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 1,220 0.22% $35.10 $36.91 $76,780 2.8 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 60 0.01% $27.28 $27.69 $57,600 5.5 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 1,540 0.28% $31.28 $32.35 $67,290 2.2 %
Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 67,910 12.45% $35.39 $36.63 $76,180 1.8 %
15-1011 Computer and Information Scientists, Research 3,480 0.64% $43.24 $43.50 $90,490 2.5 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 5,780 1.06% $31.30 $32.51 $67,610 1.9 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 9,350 1.71% $37.01 $37.33 $77,640 1.6 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 15,980 2.93% $42.39 $44.18 $91,890 3.7 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 4,170 0.76% $21.18 $22.40 $46,590 1.8 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 5,600 1.03% $31.78 $33.74 $70,180 2.9 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 2,180 0.40% $31.35 $32.59 $67,780 2.3 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 3,650 0.67% $31.04 $31.99 $66,540 1.9 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 3,140 0.58% $30.48 $33.29 $69,240 4.9 %
15-2021 Mathematicians 280 0.05% $48.32 $49.00 $101,910 3.9 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 2,110 0.39% $34.08 $34.59 $71,950 3.5 %
15-2041 Statisticians 2,260 0.41% $30.10 $32.38 $67,350 2.1 %
15-2091 Mathematical Technicians 160 0.03% $22.61 $22.95 $47,730 2.7 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 80,820 14.82% $34.01 $34.79 $72,350 1.3 %
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval 60 0.01% $26.20 $27.33 $56,850 2.5 %
17-1021 Cartographers and Photogrammetrists 110 0.02% $27.41 $26.80 $55,740 5.1 %
17-1022 Surveyors 50 0.01% $16.68 $21.83 $45,410 11.8 %
17-2011 Aerospace Engineers 2,730 0.50% $40.97 $41.26 $85,810 3.8 %
17-2021 Agricultural Engineers (7) (7) $40.54 $38.88 $80,860 2.6 %
17-2031 Biomedical Engineers 1,330 0.24% $33.32 $35.66 $74,160 4.7 %
17-2041 Chemical Engineers 3,690 0.68% $39.62 $41.05 $85,390 2.9 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 1,060 0.19% $33.70 $35.77 $74,400 5.5 %
17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers 2,820 0.52% $41.79 $43.23 $89,930 2.0 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 6,700 1.23% $37.42 $37.54 $78,080 1.9 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 6,100 1.12% $41.18 $40.99 $85,270 2.5 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 2,530 0.46% $30.96 $32.03 $66,620 9.5 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 1,000 0.18% $33.45 $35.15 $73,110 5.7 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 5,150 0.94% $36.74 $36.67 $76,280 1.9 %
17-2121 Marine Engineers and Naval Architects 200 0.04% $25.98 $26.62 $55,380 1.9 %
17-2131 Materials Engineers 1,590 0.29% $35.31 $36.56 $76,030 3.7 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 9,670 1.77% $34.44 $35.40 $73,630 2.1 %
17-2151 Mining and Geological Engineers, Including Mining Safety Engineers 100 0.02% $39.06 $37.91 $78,850 5.6 %
17-2161 Nuclear Engineers 2,420 0.44% $40.12 $41.06 $85,400 2.6 %
17-2171 Petroleum Engineers 90 0.02% $43.34 $41.88 $87,100 4.6 %
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters 310 0.06% $22.59 $23.10 $48,050 2.7 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 1,010 0.19% $24.35 $25.75 $53,550 8.9 %
17-3021 Aerospace Engineering and Operations Technicians 560 0.10% $24.18 $24.86 $51,710 5.0 %
17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians (7) (7) $16.00 $16.05 $33,380 4.4 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 4,800 0.88% $23.33 $23.58 $49,050 2.0 %
17-3024 Electro-Mechanical Technicians 1,200 0.22% $25.42 $25.15 $52,300 2.7 %
17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technicians 970 0.18% $22.48 $22.42 $46,630 4.8 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 1,340 0.25% $20.12 $21.77 $45,270 4.0 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 3,100 0.57% $20.51 $21.52 $44,760 2.7 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 117,410 21.53% $25.56 $29.27 $60,890 1.0 %
19-1010 Agricultural and Food Scientists 2,180 0.40% $28.72 $29.72 $61,820 2.5 %
19-1021 Biochemists and Biophysicists 6,180 1.13% $31.56 $32.84 $68,300 3.0 %
19-1022 Microbiologists 2,410 0.44% $27.29 $29.09 $60,500 2.7 %
19-1023 Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists 1,720 0.32% $24.74 $25.78 $53,620 6.3 %
19-1031 Conservation Scientists (7) (7) $25.78 $25.78 $53,620 4.8 %
19-1041 Epidemiologists 380 0.07% $36.01 $37.12 $77,200 5.7 %
19-1042 Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists 20,240 3.71% $30.70 $34.73 $72,240 3.0 %
19-2011 Astronomers 210 0.04% $28.47 $30.74 $63,940 4.2 %
19-2012 Physicists 3,970 0.73% $42.32 $44.35 $92,250 3.2 %
19-2021 Atmospheric and Space Scientists 1,220 0.22% $32.90 $34.39 $71,520 4.2 %
19-2031 Chemists 11,880 2.18% $28.87 $31.29 $65,080 2.6 %
19-2032 Materials Scientists 1,600 0.29% $34.66 $37.01 $76,970 3.8 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 2,640 0.48% $28.82 $30.45 $63,340 3.3 %
19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers 470 0.09% $29.17 $32.98 $68,590 5.5 %
19-2043 Hydrologists 110 0.02% $28.85 $30.05 $62,500 4.9 %
19-3011 Economists 1,230 0.23% $40.15 $49.19 $102,320 6.1 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 3,570 0.65% $27.69 $31.45 $65,420 5.5 %
19-3022 Survey Researchers 1,980 0.36% $19.77 $19.97 $41,550 6.9 %
19-3031 Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists 520 0.10% $25.23 $26.45 $55,010 3.7 %
19-3032 Industrial-Organizational Psychologists 500 0.09% $32.38 $36.71 $76,360 3.1 %
19-3041 Sociologists 1,670 0.31% $33.10 $34.26 $71,260 3.1 %
19-3051 Urban and Regional Planners 80 0.01% $30.46 $29.22 $60,770 9.2 %
19-3091 Anthropologists and Archeologists 1,750 0.32% $15.83 $18.21 $37,890 5.4 %
19-3093 Historians (7) (7) $18.72 $20.23 $42,080 7.3 %
19-3094 Political Scientists 360 0.07% $29.92 $36.59 $76,100 7.3 %
19-4011 Agricultural and Food Science Technicians 1,890 0.35% $16.03 $16.75 $34,840 3.8 %
19-4021 Biological Technicians 14,740 2.70% $17.25 $18.36 $38,190 1.2 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 5,740 1.05% $19.55 $20.44 $42,520 3.2 %
19-4041 Geological and Petroleum Technicians 340 0.06% $18.49 $18.30 $38,060 8.5 %
19-4051 Nuclear Technicians 730 0.13% $27.03 $29.31 $60,960 3.4 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health 480 0.09% $20.22 $20.07 $41,740 3.9 %
19-4093 Forest and Conservation Technicians (7) (7) $12.27 $12.93 $26,880 8.3 %
Community and Social Services Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 3,690 0.68% $17.91 $19.72 $41,010 4.8 %
21-1011 Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors (7) (7) $15.98 $16.51 $34,350 2.5 %
21-1012 Educational, Vocational, and School Counselors 60 0.01% $17.72 $24.49 $50,950 8.4 %
21-1014 Mental Health Counselors (7) (7) $22.22 $22.06 $45,880 4.9 %
21-1015 Rehabilitation Counselors (7) (7) $16.12 $16.37 $34,060 5.0 %
21-1022 Medical and Public Health Social Workers 860 0.16% $16.71 $16.89 $35,140 8.7 %
21-1091 Health Educators 890 0.16% $24.34 $25.82 $53,710 3.5 %
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants 90 0.02% $12.87 $13.48 $28,030 6.2 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 1,910 0.35% $47.02 $53.06 $110,360 3.6 %
23-1011 Lawyers 1,420 0.26% $59.43 $63.30 $131,670 3.9 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 270 0.05% $23.00 $23.40 $48,670 2.6 %
23-2092 Law Clerks 50 0.01% $17.16 $17.66 $36,720 4.1 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 9,060 1.66% $22.81 $28.74 $59,790 8.1 %
25-1032 Engineering Teachers, Postsecondary (7) (7) (4) (4) $83,390 6.1 %
25-1042 Biological Science Teachers, Postsecondary 310 0.06% (4) (4) $100,360 7.8 %
25-1052 Chemistry Teachers, Postsecondary 270 0.05% (4) (4) $72,150 11.9 %
25-1191 Graduate Teaching Assistants 410 0.08% (4) (4) $27,470 7.2 %
25-2011 Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education 50 0.01% $11.19 $11.93 $24,820 7.0 %
25-3011 Adult Literacy, Remedial Education, and Ged Teachers and Instructors 320 0.06% $13.40 $14.49 $30,130 5.0 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 190 0.03% $13.44 $14.94 $31,080 4.5 %
25-4010 Archivists, Curators, and Museum Technicians 230 0.04% $19.15 $19.07 $39,670 3.7 %
25-4021 Librarians 640 0.12% $23.88 $24.09 $50,100 1.7 %
25-4031 Library Technicians 130 0.02% $17.54 $17.58 $36,560 1.6 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 1,840 0.34% $24.80 $27.01 $56,190 2.7 %
25-9041 Teacher Assistants 40 0.01% (4) (4) $29,480 13.4 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 10,000 1.83% $23.82 $25.46 $52,950 2.6 %
27-1011 Art Directors 40 0.01% $43.42 $41.11 $85,520 4.9 %
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators 50 0.01% $20.12 $21.13 $43,950 5.1 %
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators 200 0.04% $21.78 $22.25 $46,290 2.6 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 560 0.10% $29.51 $29.07 $60,460 3.5 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 1,440 0.26% $21.27 $22.26 $46,310 1.6 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 2,410 0.44% $23.26 $25.54 $53,130 2.5 %
27-3041 Editors 1,410 0.26% $22.01 $24.19 $50,310 3.0 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 1,690 0.31% $26.03 $27.29 $56,760 2.0 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 490 0.09% $22.56 $26.32 $54,740 4.9 %
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators 90 0.02% $19.18 $19.96 $41,520 4.8 %
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians 70 0.01% $20.68 $21.45 $44,610 3.4 %
27-4021 Photographers (7) (7) $20.10 $21.28 $44,250 4.2 %
Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 10,980 2.01% $22.19 $24.73 $51,430 2.5 %
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists 60 0.01% $24.04 $23.60 $49,090 4.4 %
29-1051 Pharmacists 50 0.01% $38.24 $36.09 $75,060 3.0 %
29-1062 Family and General Practitioners (7) (7) $54.08 $55.88 $116,230 4.2 %
29-1066 Psychiatrists 90 0.02% $41.86 $57.49 $119,570 19.6 %
29-1071 Physician Assistants 160 0.03% $35.08 $35.89 $74,650 2.6 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 3,050 0.56% $25.04 $26.24 $54,580 2.9 %
29-1121 Audiologists (7) (7) $24.29 $26.22 $54,530 1.5 %
29-1124 Radiation Therapists 50 0.01% $25.02 $26.84 $55,830 3.9 %
29-1131 Veterinarians 140 0.03% $46.95 $46.88 $97,510 5.7 %
29-2011 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 1,550 0.28% $25.14 $25.00 $51,990 3.4 %
29-2012 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 2,290 0.42% $15.75 $16.11 $33,520 1.7 %
29-2031 Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians (7) (7) $20.03 $19.99 $41,570 2.6 %
29-2034 Radiologic Technologists and Technicians 150 0.03% $20.30 $20.81 $43,280 4.8 %
29-2056 Veterinary Technologists and Technicians 190 0.03% $13.58 $14.56 $30,280 5.6 %
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses 170 0.03% $18.49 $19.18 $39,890 2.8 %
29-2071 Medical Records and Health Information Technicians 560 0.10% $21.92 $23.12 $48,100 8.9 %
29-9010 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists and Technicians 780 0.14% $25.51 $26.79 $55,720 3.6 %
Healthcare Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 2,740 0.50% $12.40 $12.96 $26,960 1.8 %
31-1012 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 260 0.05% $13.48 $13.74 $28,590 3.9 %
31-9092 Medical Assistants 440 0.08% $13.68 $14.48 $30,120 4.0 %
31-9093 Medical Equipment Preparers 350 0.06% $10.95 $11.68 $24,300 2.9 %
31-9096 Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers 1,400 0.26% $11.91 $12.60 $26,210 2.3 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 2,660 0.49% $19.09 $19.78 $41,130 1.6 %
33-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Fire Fighting and Prevention Workers 30 0.01% $26.24 $26.73 $55,610 5.1 %
33-2011 Fire Fighters (7) (7) $18.27 $18.84 $39,180 9.5 %
33-2021 Fire Inspectors and Investigators 70 0.01% $20.41 $21.10 $43,880 3.8 %
33-9021 Private Detectives and Investigators 110 0.02% $21.94 $23.66 $49,210 12.7 %
33-9032 Security Guards 1,710 0.31% $17.40 $17.65 $36,720 2.0 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 740 0.14% $11.10 $11.63 $24,180 3.0 %
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 30 0.01% $22.81 $22.82 $47,470 5.9 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 30 0.01% $14.88 $15.55 $32,350 2.7 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 80 0.01% $11.66 $11.59 $24,110 5.0 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 50 0.01% $9.86 $11.73 $24,410 12.5 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 90 0.02% $10.91 $10.62 $22,080 5.4 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 50 0.01% $8.30 $9.75 $20,290 10.3 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses (7) (7) $11.36 $11.21 $23,310 9.3 %
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop (7) (7) $10.87 $12.44 $25,880 4.1 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 2,920 0.54% $11.22 $12.21 $25,390 2.5 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 130 0.02% $19.96 $19.99 $41,580 3.3 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 40 0.01% $22.61 $22.74 $47,300 13.4 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 2,120 0.39% $11.31 $11.99 $24,950 2.4 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 320 0.06% $7.85 $8.83 $18,370 6.2 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 270 0.05% $12.16 $12.73 $26,480 3.8 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 1,250 0.23% $9.45 $10.70 $22,260 4.7 %
39-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service Workers 50 0.01% $18.29 $19.58 $40,730 8.9 %
39-2021 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers 410 0.08% $9.02 $10.23 $21,270 8.3 %
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants (7) (7) $7.31 $8.16 $16,970 3.0 %
39-6021 Tour Guides and Escorts 60 0.01% $11.39 $12.29 $25,570 8.9 %
39-9011 Child Care Workers 40 0.01% $13.42 $13.41 $27,890 2.2 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 11,240 2.06% $29.82 $30.91 $64,290 3.4 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 70 0.01% $19.28 $18.89 $39,300 5.0 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 600 0.11% $40.16 $41.52 $86,360 4.5 %
41-2011 Cashiers 70 0.01% $12.76 $12.39 $25,760 6.2 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons (7) (7) $15.27 $15.63 $32,520 7.0 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents (7) (7) $20.02 $21.10 $43,890 2.8 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 5,020 0.92% $34.17 $36.37 $75,640 2.1 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 1,000 0.18% $19.47 $24.02 $49,960 7.1 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters (7) (7) $37.99 $36.83 $76,600 6.8 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers 510 0.09% $38.11 $40.85 $84,960 3.9 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 1,090 0.20% $7.92 $9.09 $18,900 6.2 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 79,320 14.55% $15.85 $16.77 $34,880 0.8 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 5,160 0.95% $23.70 $25.18 $52,360 1.4 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 250 0.05% $13.00 $13.07 $27,170 1.6 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors (7) (7) $17.16 $17.58 $36,560 1.6 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 460 0.08% $17.03 $17.22 $35,820 2.9 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 4,670 0.86% $16.31 $16.53 $34,380 1.1 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 560 0.10% $18.33 $18.01 $37,450 1.3 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 460 0.08% $17.71 $18.67 $38,830 3.0 %
43-4021 Correspondence Clerks 140 0.03% $15.37 $15.83 $32,930 5.0 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 30 0.01% $16.99 $19.38 $40,310 5.9 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 1,900 0.35% $17.91 $18.96 $39,450 4.2 %
43-4071 File Clerks 590 0.11% $14.40 $19.69 $40,950 15.0 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan 6,740 1.24% $10.29 $10.47 $21,780 2.0 %
43-4121 Library Assistants, Clerical 100 0.02% $14.27 $14.05 $29,220 4.1 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 550 0.10% $16.59 $16.94 $35,230 3.8 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 1,290 0.24% $18.32 $18.97 $39,450 1.2 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 2,960 0.54% $12.75 $12.91 $26,840 1.9 %
43-4181 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks 80 0.01% $17.81 $17.26 $35,900 2.7 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 160 0.03% $12.48 $13.74 $28,580 9.1 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 30 0.01% $13.03 $12.83 $26,690 5.9 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 1,520 0.28% $19.45 $20.43 $42,500 3.1 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 790 0.14% $14.60 $15.36 $31,960 2.0 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 730 0.13% $14.67 $15.40 $32,020 3.3 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 310 0.06% $10.58 $12.63 $26,280 4.0 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 17,780 3.26% $18.99 $19.64 $40,850 0.8 %
43-6012 Legal Secretaries 60 0.01% $23.31 $22.29 $46,370 5.3 %
43-6013 Medical Secretaries 270 0.05% $12.78 $13.09 $27,220 3.8 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 10,720 1.97% $15.63 $15.97 $33,220 1.3 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 820 0.15% $17.48 $17.97 $37,370 3.4 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 1,750 0.32% $11.91 $12.44 $25,880 2.2 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 1,290 0.24% $16.02 $16.63 $34,580 3.0 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 110 0.02% $17.32 $18.47 $38,430 2.8 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 500 0.09% $11.98 $12.41 $25,810 2.3 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 11,140 2.04% $13.19 $13.87 $28,840 1.6 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 220 0.04% $15.16 $16.69 $34,710 6.6 %
43-9081 Proofreaders and Copy Markers (7) (7) $12.00 $16.29 $33,880 4.2 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants 720 0.13% $16.04 $16.90 $35,160 2.5 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 1,390 0.25% $10.67 $12.36 $25,710 5.9 %
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers 150 0.03% $21.91 $23.69 $49,270 8.4 %
45-2041 Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products (7) (7) $12.28 $12.05 $25,060 3.3 %
45-2091 Agricultural Equipment Operators (7) (7) $8.02 $8.00 $16,650 4.5 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 590 0.11% $9.34 $10.21 $21,230 4.3 %
45-2093 Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals 40 0.01% $10.98 $11.65 $24,240 6.0 %
45-4011 Forest and Conservation Workers 40 0.01% $12.96 $14.75 $30,690 10.9 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 2,950 0.54% $22.98 $21.93 $45,610 4.5 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 180 0.03% $29.03 $29.66 $61,690 3.3 %
47-2031 Carpenters 310 0.06% $24.06 $23.08 $48,000 2.1 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers (7) (7) $15.68 $15.74 $32,740 6.5 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators (7) (7) $10.60 $13.60 $28,300 19.8 %
47-2111 Electricians 960 0.18% $24.14 $23.18 $48,220 3.7 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 150 0.03% $23.01 $21.56 $44,840 3.0 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 400 0.07% $23.16 $23.36 $48,590 2.4 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 120 0.02% $21.47 $20.91 $43,490 6.7 %
47-2221 Structural Iron and Steel Workers 40 0.01% $24.16 $22.68 $47,160 5.0 %
47-3013 Helpers—Electricians 30 0.01% $11.49 $13.03 $27,110 15.7 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 7,740 1.42% $21.46 $21.70 $45,140 1.7 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 530 0.10% $29.45 $30.41 $63,260 3.1 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 770 0.14% $25.98 $24.77 $51,520 3.6 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 50 0.01% $25.19 $24.81 $51,610 2.9 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 530 0.10% $24.20 $23.88 $49,670 2.6 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 240 0.04% $25.20 $24.86 $51,710 7.0 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 230 0.04% $24.99 $24.77 $51,510 2.5 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 220 0.04% $23.40 $22.54 $46,880 2.9 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 3,610 0.66% $19.01 $19.49 $40,550 1.9 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 200 0.04% $18.93 $18.40 $38,280 10.4 %
49-9044 Millwrights 80 0.01% $25.29 $24.54 $51,050 3.1 %
49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers (7) (7) $19.51 $25.04 $52,090 3.2 %
49-9062 Medical Equipment Repairers 40 0.01% $19.88 $20.20 $42,010 3.9 %
49-9098 Helpers—Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 190 0.03% $10.25 $11.40 $23,710 10.6 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 16,830 3.09% $18.50 $19.56 $40,680 2.5 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 1,630 0.30% $27.96 $30.37 $63,170 6.2 %
51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 690 0.13% $14.37 $14.51 $30,180 2.7 %
51-2023 Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers (7) (7) $14.98 $15.45 $32,130 2.7 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 1,340 0.25% $12.06 $12.18 $25,320 4.5 %
51-3092 Food Batchmakers 80 0.01% $19.08 $18.72 $38,930 3.7 %
51-4011 Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic 190 0.03% $14.36 $16.68 $34,700 6.5 %
51-4012 Numerical Tool and Process Control Programmers 80 0.01% $21.19 $21.41 $44,530 2.0 %
51-4041 Machinists 1,760 0.32% $22.80 $21.94 $45,640 2.8 %
51-4061 Model Makers, Metal and Plastic 40 0.01% $25.12 $24.43 $50,820 4.0 %
51-4072 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (7) (7) $14.60 $16.26 $33,820 10.6 %
51-4081 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (7) (7) $10.40 $10.36 $21,550 4.4 %
51-4111 Tool and Die Makers 230 0.04% $28.04 $28.29 $58,840 4.4 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 410 0.08% $18.87 $19.14 $39,820 3.5 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 150 0.03% $19.49 $20.40 $42,430 5.5 %
51-8011 Nuclear Power Reactor Operators 100 0.02% $26.25 $26.94 $56,040 3.9 %
51-8013 Power Plant Operators 70 0.01% $25.46 $25.31 $52,650 3.8 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 520 0.10% $23.16 $23.74 $49,380 4.4 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 100 0.02% $15.18 $17.72 $36,850 5.7 %
51-8091 Chemical Plant and System Operators 40 0.01% $15.92 $18.23 $37,920 19.0 %
51-9011 Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders 790 0.14% $21.21 $22.92 $47,670 3.0 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 120 0.02% $18.04 $16.23 $33,760 9.2 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 2,130 0.39% $17.64 $18.53 $38,550 2.2 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 110 0.02% $8.34 $9.93 $20,650 7.5 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 50 0.01% $17.50 $17.68 $36,780 14.6 %
51-9122 Painters, Transportation Equipment 40 0.01% $20.13 $21.59 $44,910 13.1 %
51-9131 Photographic Process Workers (7) (7) $17.36 $17.04 $35,440 6.8 %
51-9141 Semiconductor Processors 50 0.01% $15.76 $16.43 $34,170 3.2 %
51-9196 Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (7) (7) $14.93 $15.34 $31,900 7.6 %
51-9198 Helpers—Production Workers 180 0.03% $11.70 $11.41 $23,720 2.9 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 4,360 0.80% $11.76 $14.40 $29,940 8.5 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 160 0.03% $18.03 $17.12 $35,610 9.2 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 70 0.01% $21.97 $24.67 $51,300 7.6 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 360 0.07% $23.21 $20.70 $43,060 6.3 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light Or Delivery Services 590 0.11% $8.64 $10.12 $21,060 5.0 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 80 0.01% $13.94 $15.17 $31,550 5.4 %
53-5011 Sailors and Marine Oilers 100 0.02% $14.84 $14.74 $30,670 3.0 %
53-5021 Captains, Mates, and Pilots of Water Vessels 60 0.01% $24.01 $23.12 $48,090 9.8 %
53-5031 Ship Engineers 40 0.01% $22.02 $21.43 $44,570 3.6 %
53-6051 Transportation Inspectors 70 0.01% $27.16 $26.84 $55,820 3.0 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators (7) (7) $9.57 $10.78 $22,420 9.3 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 120 0.02% $20.90 $18.82 $39,140 10.4 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 1,830 0.34% $9.26 $10.78 $22,420 7.6 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 80 0.01% $8.92 $9.78 $20,340 5.9 %

About November 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Hourly wage rates for occupations where workers typically work fewer than 2,080 hours per year are not available.

(5) This median wage is equal to or greater than $70.00 per hour or $145,600 per year.

(7) Estimates not released.



Other OES estimates and related information:

November 2003 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

November 2003 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

November 2003 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

November 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Technical notes

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Last Modified Date: November 24, 2004

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