Occupational Employment Statistics

November 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 561300 - Employment Services

These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in NAICS 561300 - Employment Services.

These and other data elements, including the 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages are available in the downloadable Excel files (XLS).

NAICS Industry 561300 - Employment Services is part of: NAICS 561000 - Administrative and Support Services.

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in NAICS 561300 - Employment Services:

NAICS 561300 - Employment Services

Click on the SOC code number to view an occupational profile.

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 3,303,790 100.00% $9.89 $12.89 $26,810 1.1 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 62,790 1.90% $31.52 $38.83 $80,770 3.2 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 5,940 0.18% (5) $70.40 $146,420 7.2 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 23,490 0.71% $32.47 $39.58 $82,330 3.3 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 220 0.01% $26.93 $35.09 $72,990 7.0 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 3,010 0.09% $32.01 $37.04 $77,040 5.5 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 6,350 0.19% $24.80 $30.39 $63,200 3.2 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 270 0.01% $27.61 $32.69 $68,000 6.6 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 4,680 0.14% $21.44 $24.70 $51,370 2.2 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 2,670 0.08% $36.76 $40.83 $84,920 3.2 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 3,240 0.10% $35.29 $39.76 $82,700 5.0 %
11-3040 Human Resources Managers 3,230 0.10% $26.73 $30.01 $62,410 5.8 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 430 0.01% $37.20 $39.29 $81,720 3.9 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 300 0.01% $28.32 $30.94 $64,350 3.4 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 300 0.01% $31.25 $32.16 $66,890 6.3 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 410 0.01% $31.21 $35.50 $73,830 7.6 %
11-9031 Education Administrators, Preschool and Child Care Center/Program 30 0.00% $21.72 $22.02 $45,800 6.8 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 470 0.01% $45.27 $47.36 $98,510 2.9 %
11-9051 Food Service Managers 120 0.00% $21.91 $23.11 $48,070 3.8 %
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 1,060 0.03% $30.79 $33.00 $68,630 2.8 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 1,150 0.03% $21.57 $23.06 $47,960 5.6 %
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers (7) (7) $23.48 $24.98 $51,960 3.4 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 98,570 2.98% $19.61 $23.25 $48,370 2.4 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 270 0.01% $14.91 $16.58 $34,490 5.8 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 1,420 0.04% $20.20 $21.76 $45,270 2.0 %
13-1031 Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators (7) (7) $23.25 $24.85 $51,690 5.7 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 580 0.02% $14.64 $23.46 $48,790 16.0 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 490 0.01% $22.90 $25.84 $53,750 5.7 %
13-1061 Emergency Management Specialists 50 0.00% $15.00 $18.34 $38,140 8.9 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 47,830 1.45% $18.00 $21.49 $44,710 4.9 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 2,060 0.06% $22.83 $23.44 $48,750 5.9 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 3,500 0.11% $18.48 $21.95 $45,660 2.8 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 4,290 0.13% $34.67 $41.31 $85,930 11.0 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 160 0.00% $19.67 $21.68 $45,090 3.6 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 10,800 0.33% $21.45 $24.86 $51,700 3.4 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 240 0.01% $23.66 $25.54 $53,120 2.4 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 630 0.02% $26.96 $25.71 $53,480 7.0 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 900 0.03% $31.96 $35.27 $73,350 5.1 %
13-2052 Personal Financial Advisors 50 0.00% $21.72 $24.68 $51,330 8.6 %
13-2053 Insurance Underwriters 190 0.01% $17.56 $18.12 $37,690 18.7 %
13-2071 Loan Counselors 150 0.00% $14.95 $16.28 $33,860 8.4 %
13-2072 Loan Officers 880 0.03% $21.11 $22.76 $47,340 2.7 %
13-2082 Tax Preparers (7) (7) $16.65 $17.23 $35,830 6.8 %
Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 61,450 1.86% $26.96 $31.51 $65,540 3.9 %
15-1011 Computer and Information Scientists, Research (7) (7) $34.37 $34.58 $71,920 2.9 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 13,310 0.40% $32.26 $38.57 $80,230 10.0 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 4,330 0.13% $39.61 $42.96 $89,360 3.2 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 4,230 0.13% $34.80 $41.02 $85,330 4.8 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 18,970 0.57% $17.86 $19.53 $40,630 4.4 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 6,150 0.19% $31.64 $33.69 $70,070 2.8 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 1,830 0.06% $29.79 $31.90 $66,350 3.6 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 3,020 0.09% $30.76 $34.00 $70,710 3.7 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 3,760 0.11% $32.52 $34.59 $71,950 3.1 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 80 0.00% $29.96 $31.53 $65,580 4.2 %
15-2041 Statisticians 30 0.00% $27.49 $29.14 $60,610 3.6 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 48,680 1.47% $24.86 $27.73 $57,680 2.2 %
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval 160 0.00% $26.89 $29.69 $61,750 2.9 %
17-1012 Landscape Architects 40 0.00% $13.62 $18.64 $38,770 16.9 %
17-1021 Cartographers and Photogrammetrists 30 0.00% $20.72 $21.39 $44,480 4.5 %
17-1022 Surveyors 230 0.01% $17.49 $19.64 $40,860 3.6 %
17-2011 Aerospace Engineers (7) (7) $40.48 $40.14 $83,490 5.3 %
17-2041 Chemical Engineers 160 0.00% $26.05 $28.83 $59,960 6.7 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 900 0.03% $30.96 $34.46 $71,670 5.7 %
17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers 680 0.02% $34.47 $35.67 $74,200 3.8 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 1,900 0.06% $35.10 $35.45 $73,730 2.2 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 740 0.02% $35.46 $41.14 $85,560 4.2 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 110 0.00% $32.39 $33.50 $69,690 3.0 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 120 0.00% $23.74 $24.71 $51,400 3.9 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 2,620 0.08% $24.36 $26.69 $55,510 7.0 %
17-2131 Materials Engineers 110 0.00% $26.52 $30.15 $62,720 10.7 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 5,960 0.18% $33.79 $35.37 $73,580 2.3 %
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters 440 0.01% $19.94 $21.10 $43,880 3.0 %
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters 1,530 0.05% $19.09 $21.20 $44,100 4.7 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 3,570 0.11% $22.29 $23.93 $49,780 2.9 %
17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians 140 0.00% $19.21 $20.06 $41,720 4.5 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 6,750 0.20% $17.49 $19.74 $41,070 4.9 %
17-3024 Electro-Mechanical Technicians 550 0.02% $17.11 $17.26 $35,900 4.6 %
17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technicians 50 0.00% $15.74 $16.66 $34,650 11.6 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 800 0.02% $15.58 $16.60 $34,520 7.4 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 2,000 0.06% $19.75 $20.82 $43,300 2.2 %
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 340 0.01% $16.63 $17.60 $36,610 5.9 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 24,920 0.75% $12.82 $15.98 $33,240 8.0 %
19-1021 Biochemists and Biophysicists (7) (7) $48.98 $51.55 $107,230 7.6 %
19-1041 Epidemiologists 80 0.00% $24.24 $25.51 $53,070 8.5 %
19-1042 Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists 170 0.01% $26.64 $30.67 $63,800 10.5 %
19-2031 Chemists 1,070 0.03% $21.70 $23.17 $48,200 2.2 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health (7) (7) $22.16 $25.00 $52,000 6.0 %
19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers 110 0.00% $28.28 $29.44 $61,230 7.4 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 760 0.02% $23.06 $24.73 $51,430 3.1 %
19-3022 Survey Researchers 70 0.00% $15.71 $18.09 $37,640 7.9 %
19-4021 Biological Technicians 310 0.01% $15.70 $17.93 $37,290 7.1 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 930 0.03% $14.61 $15.58 $32,410 2.8 %
19-4041 Geological and Petroleum Technicians (7) (7) $15.62 $19.19 $39,910 12.8 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health (7) (7) $15.81 $15.40 $32,020 4.2 %
Community and Social Services Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 4,210 0.13% $12.05 $14.14 $29,420 4.8 %
21-1012 Educational, Vocational, and School Counselors 240 0.01% $8.29 $10.12 $21,050 12.8 %
21-1021 Child, Family, and School Social Workers 150 0.00% $15.54 $17.10 $35,570 7.5 %
21-1022 Medical and Public Health Social Workers 220 0.01% $20.79 $22.14 $46,040 4.8 %
21-1023 Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers 530 0.02% $8.64 $13.24 $27,550 16.4 %
21-1091 Health Educators 90 0.00% $19.88 $20.57 $42,780 12.8 %
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants 1,050 0.03% $12.33 $13.80 $28,700 6.7 %
21-2011 Clergy 110 0.00% $19.63 $20.78 $43,220 6.1 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 8,310 0.25% $23.25 $26.55 $55,220 4.1 %
23-1011 Lawyers 2,970 0.09% $32.65 $37.34 $77,660 8.2 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 4,480 0.14% $21.21 $21.47 $44,650 1.7 %
23-2092 Law Clerks 80 0.00% $15.99 $21.61 $44,960 29.1 %
23-2093 Title Examiners, Abstractors, and Searchers (7) (7) $10.83 $12.91 $26,850 6.8 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 19,920 0.60% $16.47 $18.38 $38,230 5.6 %
25-1194 Vocational Education Teachers, Postsecondary 70 0.00% $13.88 $16.05 $33,390 6.6 %
25-2021 Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education 6,720 0.20% (4) (4) $43,650 7.2 %
25-2022 Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Vocational Education 2,930 0.09% (4) (4) $45,320 7.9 %
25-2031 Secondary School Teachers, Except Special and Vocational Education 2,740 0.08% (4) (4) $46,520 7.1 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers (7) (7) $13.31 $13.38 $27,820 2.8 %
25-4021 Librarians 170 0.01% $19.29 $19.70 $40,970 4.3 %
25-4031 Library Technicians (7) (7) $13.00 $12.97 $26,970 2.6 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators (7) (7) $18.42 $20.30 $42,230 3.4 %
25-9041 Teacher Assistants 830 0.03% (4) (4) $20,600 3.1 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 20,010 0.61% $18.94 $27.07 $56,300 10.4 %
27-1011 Art Directors 180 0.01% $27.91 $31.62 $65,770 5.6 %
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators 50 0.00% $20.62 $21.59 $44,900 7.3 %
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators 380 0.01% $28.56 $39.50 $82,170 13.6 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 1,480 0.04% $30.81 $31.09 $64,660 3.2 %
27-1023 Floral Designers 230 0.01% $10.03 $9.98 $20,760 2.7 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 2,980 0.09% $22.68 $24.05 $50,020 5.8 %
27-1025 Interior Designers 70 0.00% $18.75 $20.64 $42,930 2.9 %
27-1026 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 1,540 0.05% $10.59 $10.42 $21,680 4.3 %
27-1027 Set and Exhibit Designers 660 0.02% $15.94 $18.03 $37,500 5.6 %
27-2011 Actors 2,530 0.08% (4) (4) $26,380 26.0 %
27-3010 Announcers 280 0.01% $9.53 $14.00 $29,120 17.2 %
27-3041 Editors 790 0.02% $26.01 $31.06 $64,590 11.0 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 1,940 0.06% $29.64 $30.88 $64,230 2.4 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 230 0.01% $24.75 $25.11 $52,230 7.9 %
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators 290 0.01% $12.87 $13.78 $28,670 3.8 %
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians 120 0.00% $14.86 $17.79 $37,000 7.9 %
27-4021 Photographers 250 0.01% $8.78 $12.04 $25,040 6.9 %
27-4031 Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Picture 200 0.01% $12.86 $13.04 $27,130 9.5 %
Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 142,520 4.31% $24.22 $25.74 $53,550 1.2 %
29-1020 Dentists 140 0.00% $58.74 $59.25 $123,240 7.3 %
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists 70 0.00% $20.15 $23.12 $48,090 5.5 %
29-1041 Optometrists 40 0.00% $35.95 $36.53 $75,980 9.2 %
29-1051 Pharmacists (7) (7) $35.71 $37.28 $77,540 5.0 %
29-1062 Family and General Practitioners 170 0.01% $61.16 $65.81 $136,870 7.8 %
29-1071 Physician Assistants 360 0.01% $32.01 $30.97 $64,410 5.8 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 72,460 2.19% $28.30 $28.94 $60,180 1.7 %
29-1122 Occupational Therapists 1,200 0.04% $28.49 $27.98 $58,200 3.7 %
29-1123 Physical Therapists 1,680 0.05% $29.72 $30.24 $62,900 3.1 %
29-1124 Radiation Therapists 40 0.00% $27.61 $32.34 $67,270 3.5 %
29-1126 Respiratory Therapists 560 0.02% $23.17 $24.18 $50,290 3.3 %
29-1127 Speech-Language Pathologists 320 0.01% $29.68 $30.57 $63,600 4.2 %
29-1131 Veterinarians 70 0.00% $33.46 $35.39 $73,620 5.8 %
29-2011 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 1,020 0.03% $28.33 $28.15 $58,550 5.0 %
29-2012 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 1,860 0.06% $13.90 $14.77 $30,730 3.2 %
29-2021 Dental Hygienists 1,330 0.04% $33.84 $37.13 $77,240 8.0 %
29-2032 Diagnostic Medical Sonographers 190 0.01% $25.17 $25.63 $53,310 5.5 %
29-2034 Radiologic Technologists and Technicians 2,690 0.08% $23.28 $23.60 $49,090 3.0 %
29-2041 Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics (7) (7) $10.34 $10.93 $22,740 7.3 %
29-2052 Pharmacy Technicians 520 0.02% $12.35 $12.34 $25,660 4.8 %
29-2053 Psychiatric Technicians 2,210 0.07% $10.77 $13.68 $28,460 1.6 %
29-2054 Respiratory Therapy Technicians 80 0.00% $22.61 $20.15 $41,920 7.3 %
29-2055 Surgical Technologists 690 0.02% $19.17 $19.65 $40,880 4.0 %
29-2056 Veterinary Technologists and Technicians 130 0.00% $12.16 $12.74 $26,500 5.0 %
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses 41,740 1.26% $19.86 $20.08 $41,770 1.0 %
29-2071 Medical Records and Health Information Technicians 1,430 0.04% $10.83 $11.88 $24,710 3.8 %
29-2081 Opticians, Dispensing 160 0.00% $12.48 $12.94 $26,920 3.0 %
29-9010 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists and Technicians 800 0.02% $24.91 $25.38 $52,790 4.2 %
Healthcare Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 83,440 2.53% $10.92 $11.34 $23,580 0.9 %
31-1011 Home Health Aides 18,190 0.55% $9.61 $9.92 $20,640 1.4 %
31-1012 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 55,710 1.69% $11.31 $11.41 $23,740 1.1 %
31-2011 Occupational Therapist Assistants 320 0.01% $19.52 $20.04 $41,690 3.0 %
31-2021 Physical Therapist Assistants 740 0.02% $19.50 $19.56 $40,690 2.1 %
31-2022 Physical Therapist Aides (7) (7) $12.03 $12.53 $26,050 6.4 %
31-9011 Massage Therapists 50 0.00% $11.13 $14.03 $29,170 5.7 %
31-9091 Dental Assistants 1,200 0.04% $15.38 $15.05 $31,300 1.8 %
31-9092 Medical Assistants 4,550 0.14% $11.85 $12.11 $25,200 1.6 %
31-9093 Medical Equipment Preparers 70 0.00% $10.42 $12.41 $25,820 11.4 %
31-9094 Medical Transcriptionists 190 0.01% $13.33 $13.48 $28,040 3.1 %
31-9095 Pharmacy Aides (7) (7) $11.94 $11.33 $23,560 4.6 %
31-9096 Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers 320 0.01% $10.89 $11.83 $24,600 5.2 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 13,300 0.40% $9.92 $10.85 $22,580 3.1 %
33-9021 Private Detectives and Investigators (7) (7) $11.26 $13.01 $27,070 2.5 %
33-9032 Security Guards 8,440 0.26% $9.04 $9.64 $20,050 2.4 %
33-9091 Crossing Guards 1,060 0.03% $9.01 $9.95 $20,700 8.2 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations (7) (7) $7.78 $8.46 $17,600 1.2 %
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 280 0.01% $18.20 $18.66 $38,810 3.7 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 1,520 0.05% $13.98 $14.77 $30,730 2.6 %
35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food 830 0.03% $6.67 $8.25 $17,150 8.5 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 1,060 0.03% $8.48 $8.98 $18,670 5.8 %
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant 2,390 0.07% $10.05 $10.54 $21,930 3.2 %
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order 3,150 0.10% $9.57 $9.06 $18,840 3.9 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 7,190 0.22% $7.98 $8.35 $17,370 2.5 %
35-3011 Bartenders 2,860 0.09% $8.14 $9.08 $18,890 2.6 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 9,670 0.29% $7.45 $7.93 $16,490 3.7 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 1,530 0.05% $7.61 $7.76 $16,150 2.0 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses (7) (7) $7.21 $8.27 $17,200 2.7 %
35-3041 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant 2,710 0.08% $7.71 $8.64 $17,970 3.5 %
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 11,110 0.34% $7.37 $7.84 $16,300 1.7 %
35-9021 Dishwashers 3,280 0.10% $7.39 $7.45 $15,500 1.1 %
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop (7) (7) $7.79 $8.02 $16,680 2.3 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 97,540 2.95% $8.15 $8.87 $18,460 1.3 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 2,510 0.08% $12.84 $14.89 $30,980 4.9 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 2,200 0.07% $12.01 $13.84 $28,780 7.4 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 42,550 1.29% $7.96 $8.30 $17,270 1.0 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 16,500 0.50% $7.79 $8.20 $17,050 1.7 %
37-2021 Pest Control Workers 260 0.01% $11.76 $12.25 $25,480 4.8 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 30,250 0.92% $8.41 $9.07 $18,870 2.4 %
37-3012 Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation 130 0.00% $12.47 $12.34 $25,660 3.3 %
37-3013 Tree Trimmers and Pruners 120 0.00% $10.85 $11.13 $23,160 4.2 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 23,220 0.70% $8.25 $9.91 $20,610 5.4 %
39-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service Workers 780 0.02% $17.12 $18.15 $37,750 5.5 %
39-2021 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers 250 0.01% $8.74 $10.16 $21,120 3.3 %
39-3021 Motion Picture Projectionists (7) (7) $8.00 $9.30 $19,350 2.5 %
39-3031 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 5,710 0.17% $6.68 $7.09 $14,750 3.0 %
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 2,720 0.08% $7.30 $7.95 $16,540 2.6 %
39-5012 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 490 0.01% $9.81 $11.60 $24,120 5.9 %
39-6011 Baggage Porters and Bellhops 1,130 0.03% $7.72 $8.03 $16,690 7.3 %
39-6012 Concierges 120 0.00% $10.59 $11.39 $23,700 3.5 %
39-6021 Tour Guides and Escorts 590 0.02% $10.44 $10.99 $22,850 4.1 %
39-6032 Transportation Attendants, Except Flight Attendants and Baggage Porters 280 0.01% $8.82 $9.25 $19,230 4.6 %
39-9011 Child Care Workers 2,010 0.06% $8.04 $8.37 $17,410 3.0 %
39-9021 Personal and Home Care Aides 4,830 0.15% $8.86 $9.33 $19,410 2.7 %
39-9031 Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors 1,610 0.05% $12.01 $15.38 $31,980 4.9 %
39-9032 Recreation Workers 390 0.01% $9.50 $9.84 $20,470 3.2 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 91,590 2.77% $10.21 $13.95 $29,020 3.8 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 1,830 0.06% $16.70 $20.13 $41,870 7.7 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 2,860 0.09% $19.95 $23.72 $49,340 3.5 %
41-2011 Cashiers 18,060 0.55% $7.98 $8.11 $16,860 1.5 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 1,820 0.06% $9.37 $9.95 $20,700 3.0 %
41-2022 Parts Salespersons 270 0.01% $13.38 $14.52 $30,190 7.1 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 7,690 0.23% $9.78 $11.43 $23,780 3.1 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents 240 0.01% $14.46 $17.47 $36,330 5.7 %
41-3021 Insurance Sales Agents 550 0.02% $17.39 $21.73 $45,200 8.5 %
41-3031 Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents (7) (7) $31.72 $42.09 $87,550 11.0 %
41-3041 Travel Agents 640 0.02% $15.04 $14.90 $31,000 3.1 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 610 0.02% $26.09 $27.73 $57,680 3.8 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 9,000 0.27% $18.25 $21.02 $43,720 2.4 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters 9,110 0.28% $9.72 $10.70 $22,250 3.3 %
41-9012 Models 30 0.00% $8.82 $17.40 $36,180 28.6 %
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents 840 0.03% $14.98 $16.41 $34,130 9.3 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers 130 0.00% $30.40 $29.98 $62,350 3.3 %
41-9041 Telemarketers (7) (7) $8.91 $9.91 $20,610 2.9 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 839,160 25.40% $10.75 $11.72 $24,390 0.6 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 22,600 0.68% $16.75 $18.54 $38,570 1.7 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 9,920 0.30% $9.57 $9.89 $20,570 1.9 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 8,740 0.26% $12.74 $13.25 $27,570 1.4 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 7,970 0.24% $11.89 $12.45 $25,900 2.9 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 39,510 1.20% $11.97 $12.60 $26,200 2.2 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 10,290 0.31% $13.31 $13.75 $28,600 1.7 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 1,180 0.04% $15.09 $16.43 $34,180 3.0 %
43-3071 Tellers 1,570 0.05% $10.32 $10.28 $21,380 2.0 %
43-4011 Brokerage Clerks (7) (7) $15.25 $15.62 $32,500 4.9 %
43-4021 Correspondence Clerks 1,090 0.03% $12.40 $12.03 $25,030 1.7 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 2,770 0.08% $10.99 $13.35 $27,780 7.6 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 73,010 2.21% $10.99 $11.60 $24,120 0.6 %
43-4071 File Clerks 26,590 0.80% $9.53 $9.89 $20,560 1.3 %
43-4081 Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks (7) (7) $10.08 $10.16 $21,120 2.8 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan 3,500 0.11% $10.70 $11.34 $23,590 2.5 %
43-4121 Library Assistants, Clerical 50 0.00% $10.22 $10.30 $21,420 3.2 %
43-4131 Loan Interviewers and Clerks 1,730 0.05% $13.99 $14.61 $30,390 4.0 %
43-4141 New Accounts Clerks (7) (7) $14.40 $13.95 $29,010 3.0 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 4,320 0.13% $12.15 $12.15 $25,260 2.5 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 6,190 0.19% $12.53 $13.29 $27,640 1.5 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 61,180 1.85% $10.21 $10.50 $21,850 0.9 %
43-4181 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks 400 0.01% $9.87 $10.91 $22,690 4.8 %
43-5011 Cargo and Freight Agents 50 0.00% $13.70 $14.48 $30,120 12.5 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 1,300 0.04% $9.16 $10.01 $20,820 4.0 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 2,990 0.09% $12.61 $13.41 $27,890 2.3 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 8,770 0.27% $10.87 $12.31 $25,600 6.4 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 30,270 0.92% $9.65 $10.36 $21,550 1.5 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 39,780 1.20% $8.76 $9.32 $19,380 1.4 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 63,780 1.93% $14.91 $15.63 $32,510 1.0 %
43-6012 Legal Secretaries 4,100 0.12% $19.70 $19.30 $40,150 3.3 %
43-6013 Medical Secretaries 2,160 0.07% $11.56 $11.93 $24,810 1.4 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 65,360 1.98% $11.98 $12.42 $25,840 0.9 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 5,200 0.16% $12.23 $13.53 $28,130 2.1 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 54,290 1.64% $10.30 $10.70 $22,260 0.8 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 21,250 0.64% $11.84 $12.99 $27,020 3.8 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 420 0.01% $19.64 $19.03 $39,580 3.3 %
43-9041 Insurance Claims and Policy Processing Clerks 830 0.03% $9.82 $11.57 $24,070 8.5 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 10,930 0.33% $9.41 $9.58 $19,920 1.3 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 176,460 5.34% $9.97 $10.46 $21,760 0.7 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 3,540 0.11% $9.69 $10.19 $21,200 1.7 %
43-9081 Proofreaders and Copy Markers 840 0.03% $11.82 $15.48 $32,200 10.0 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants 240 0.01% $11.22 $12.54 $26,080 5.1 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 28,910 0.88% $7.29 $7.89 $16,400 4.3 %
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers (7) (7) $16.53 $17.41 $36,220 5.2 %
45-2041 Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products (7) (7) $6.17 $6.22 $12,950 4.3 %
45-2091 Agricultural Equipment Operators (7) (7) $10.11 $10.98 $22,840 5.7 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 23,150 0.70% $7.17 $7.80 $16,230 5.3 %
45-4011 Forest and Conservation Workers 50 0.00% $9.11 $10.29 $21,400 4.7 %
45-4022 Logging Equipment Operators 380 0.01% $13.43 $13.62 $28,320 4.6 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 190,350 5.76% $9.75 $11.61 $24,150 2.3 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 3,320 0.10% $18.56 $21.40 $44,510 10.6 %
47-2011 Boilermakers 280 0.01% $17.63 $17.49 $36,370 10.2 %
47-2021 Brickmasons and Blockmasons 2,250 0.07% $13.25 $14.61 $30,390 3.1 %
47-2022 Stonemasons 490 0.01% $12.20 $14.28 $29,700 5.8 %
47-2031 Carpenters 25,750 0.78% $14.34 $15.59 $32,430 3.3 %
47-2041 Carpet Installers 220 0.01% $11.08 $16.36 $34,030 10.8 %
47-2044 Tile and Marble Setters 270 0.01% $15.61 $18.28 $38,030 7.5 %
47-2051 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers 2,220 0.07% $12.98 $15.05 $31,290 5.0 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 63,980 1.94% $8.07 $9.47 $19,710 3.0 %
47-2071 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 380 0.01% $9.26 $10.45 $21,730 4.4 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 1,110 0.03% $14.36 $15.73 $32,730 5.4 %
47-2081 Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers 2,230 0.07% $12.64 $13.86 $28,840 2.5 %
47-2111 Electricians 10,290 0.31% $15.73 $16.81 $34,970 2.6 %
47-2121 Glaziers 30 0.00% $13.07 $14.54 $30,240 3.4 %
47-2130 Insulation Workers (7) (7) $12.72 $12.46 $25,910 2.8 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 6,520 0.20% $10.12 $11.45 $23,810 4.7 %
47-2142 Paperhangers 150 0.00% $14.77 $15.29 $31,810 6.3 %
47-2151 Pipelayers 200 0.01% $10.91 $12.63 $26,270 9.8 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 4,030 0.12% $15.50 $16.28 $33,870 2.6 %
47-2161 Plasterers and Stucco Masons 350 0.01% $15.37 $15.62 $32,490 3.5 %
47-2171 Reinforcing Iron and Rebar Workers 210 0.01% $15.43 $17.69 $36,800 5.9 %
47-2181 Roofers 3,180 0.10% $12.71 $13.88 $28,860 1.2 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 1,870 0.06% $11.44 $13.53 $28,150 4.4 %
47-2221 Structural Iron and Steel Workers 880 0.03% $15.00 $17.45 $36,290 2.8 %
47-3011 Helpers—Brickmasons, Blockmasons, Stonemasons, and Tile and Marble Setters 340 0.01% $12.34 $13.22 $27,500 5.3 %
47-3012 Helpers—Carpenters 1,850 0.06% $8.32 $9.39 $19,530 4.0 %
47-3013 Helpers—Electricians 1,240 0.04% $9.74 $10.16 $21,140 3.7 %
47-3014 Helpers—Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons 270 0.01% $8.90 $9.14 $19,000 2.3 %
47-3015 Helpers—Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 320 0.01% $8.97 $10.17 $21,150 6.0 %
47-3016 Helpers—Roofers (7) (7) $9.68 $10.87 $22,610 8.9 %
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors 220 0.01% $17.40 $19.19 $39,920 5.4 %
47-4031 Fence Erectors 60 0.00% $11.95 $12.43 $25,850 3.3 %
47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 430 0.01% $11.70 $11.99 $24,940 5.3 %
47-4051 Highway Maintenance Workers 1,870 0.06% $7.09 $10.28 $21,370 10.2 %
47-4071 Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners (7) (7) $8.08 $9.15 $19,040 8.9 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 50,410 1.53% $13.62 $14.98 $31,150 1.9 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 1,410 0.04% $23.04 $23.60 $49,090 2.8 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 1,700 0.05% $15.95 $18.25 $37,970 3.5 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 790 0.02% $15.00 $16.80 $34,940 5.2 %
49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers 70 0.00% $18.22 $17.33 $36,050 10.9 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 560 0.02% $14.72 $15.83 $32,920 3.6 %
49-2096 Electronic Equipment Installers and Repairers, Motor Vehicles (7) (7) $14.83 $15.38 $32,000 2.2 %
49-2097 Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Installers and Repairers 100 0.00% $14.49 $15.86 $32,990 8.8 %
49-2098 Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers 1,140 0.03% $15.70 $16.69 $34,720 4.3 %
49-3011 Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians 780 0.02% $19.92 $21.20 $44,100 5.5 %
49-3021 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 560 0.02% $8.82 $12.08 $25,120 5.2 %
49-3022 Automotive Glass Installers and Repairers 50 0.00% $11.37 $12.95 $26,930 3.4 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 6,190 0.19% $14.25 $15.31 $31,850 2.6 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 2,800 0.08% $12.80 $13.62 $28,340 3.1 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines (7) (7) $15.81 $16.10 $33,480 3.6 %
49-3051 Motorboat Mechanics 150 0.00% $13.80 $14.53 $30,230 4.3 %
49-3093 Tire Repairers and Changers 120 0.00% $8.97 $10.12 $21,040 2.9 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 1,210 0.04% $14.95 $15.43 $32,100 3.4 %
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers 140 0.00% $15.90 $15.49 $32,230 8.3 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 420 0.01% $16.30 $17.53 $36,460 4.6 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 17,910 0.54% $12.38 $13.40 $27,860 1.6 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 680 0.02% $14.73 $15.79 $32,840 6.6 %
49-9044 Millwrights (7) (7) $14.03 $16.62 $34,580 8.1 %
49-9045 Refractory Materials Repairers, Except Brickmasons 130 0.00% $16.31 $16.68 $34,690 12.0 %
49-9051 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers (7) (7) $24.20 $24.75 $51,490 4.0 %
49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers 2,150 0.07% $16.91 $16.85 $35,040 6.4 %
49-9061 Camera and Photographic Equipment Repairers 130 0.00% $11.11 $12.26 $25,500 8.4 %
49-9062 Medical Equipment Repairers 90 0.00% $8.62 $14.29 $29,730 16.6 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers (7) (7) $10.65 $11.21 $23,320 5.6 %
49-9094 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers 60 0.00% $10.69 $11.79 $24,530 9.2 %
49-9096 Riggers (7) (7) $19.41 $19.91 $41,410 2.5 %
49-9098 Helpers—Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 3,830 0.12% $9.27 $10.05 $20,900 3.3 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 555,550 16.82% $8.48 $9.47 $19,700 0.8 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 4,700 0.14% $15.10 $16.56 $34,440 4.5 %
51-2011 Aircraft Structure, Surfaces, Rigging, and Systems Assemblers 330 0.01% $11.20 $14.43 $30,020 11.9 %
51-2021 Coil Winders, Tapers, and Finishers 150 0.00% $9.87 $10.22 $21,250 2.0 %
51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 8,830 0.27% $9.22 $10.14 $21,080 2.6 %
51-2023 Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers 720 0.02% $9.21 $9.75 $20,280 2.7 %
51-2031 Engine and Other Machine Assemblers 470 0.01% $9.96 $10.61 $22,060 4.3 %
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters 1,240 0.04% $16.25 $15.78 $32,820 5.6 %
51-2091 Fiberglass Laminators and Fabricators 780 0.02% $10.15 $10.87 $22,610 5.8 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 89,720 2.72% $8.50 $9.35 $19,440 1.7 %
51-2093 Timing Device Assemblers, Adjusters, and Calibrators (7) (7) $13.44 $14.64 $30,450 4.0 %
51-3011 Bakers 950 0.03% $9.64 $9.76 $20,300 5.0 %
51-3021 Butchers and Meat Cutters 590 0.02% $12.66 $13.21 $27,480 2.7 %
51-3022 Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers 1,880 0.06% $8.37 $9.04 $18,800 5.3 %
51-3023 Slaughterers and Meat Packers 450 0.01% $8.24 $8.46 $17,600 6.0 %
51-3091 Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders 40 0.00% $11.61 $12.21 $25,390 5.7 %
51-3092 Food Batchmakers 1,670 0.05% $8.88 $10.18 $21,180 3.0 %
51-3093 Food Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders 1,090 0.03% $7.46 $8.64 $17,970 6.9 %
51-4011 Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic 990 0.03% $12.30 $20.69 $43,040 21.8 %
51-4012 Numerical Tool and Process Control Programmers 100 0.00% $19.03 $18.72 $38,940 9.9 %
51-4021 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 4,620 0.14% $8.09 $8.70 $18,090 2.3 %
51-4022 Forging Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 2,530 0.08% $8.68 $9.31 $19,370 1.7 %
51-4023 Rolling Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 1,830 0.06% $7.84 $8.45 $17,570 2.1 %
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 17,000 0.51% $8.87 $9.70 $20,170 1.4 %
51-4032 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 110 0.00% $10.62 $12.28 $25,540 13.3 %
51-4033 Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 530 0.02% $8.58 $9.79 $20,360 4.5 %
51-4034 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 430 0.01% $10.63 $12.50 $26,000 6.6 %
51-4035 Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 320 0.01% $11.08 $12.51 $26,030 7.4 %
51-4041 Machinists 14,400 0.44% $10.26 $11.83 $24,610 2.0 %
51-4061 Model Makers, Metal and Plastic (7) (7) $40.65 $36.69 $76,310 11.3 %
51-4071 Foundry Mold and Coremakers 60 0.00% $10.60 $11.84 $24,630 8.4 %
51-4072 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 3,400 0.10% $8.08 $8.59 $17,860 2.6 %
51-4081 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 1,140 0.03% $9.37 $11.53 $23,980 9.6 %
51-4111 Tool and Die Makers 570 0.02% $13.99 $14.00 $29,130 8.1 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 12,060 0.37% $11.52 $12.49 $25,970 2.0 %
51-4122 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 240 0.01% $11.90 $12.97 $26,970 7.7 %
51-4191 Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 240 0.01% $13.12 $13.60 $28,280 11.0 %
51-4192 Lay-Out Workers, Metal and Plastic 50 0.00% $14.75 $15.01 $31,210 10.7 %
51-4193 Plating and Coating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 140 0.00% $9.22 $10.32 $21,460 5.2 %
51-4194 Tool Grinders, Filers, and Sharpeners 40 0.00% $10.28 $11.26 $23,420 9.2 %
51-5011 Bindery Workers 5,700 0.17% $7.71 $8.39 $17,450 2.7 %
51-5012 Bookbinders 100 0.00% $11.33 $13.51 $28,100 11.5 %
51-5021 Job Printers 100 0.00% $10.00 $10.23 $21,280 3.7 %
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers 660 0.02% $8.45 $10.39 $21,620 9.1 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 3,580 0.11% $9.07 $10.20 $21,210 4.2 %
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 970 0.03% $6.76 $7.51 $15,630 3.5 %
51-6021 Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 1,630 0.05% $7.67 $7.83 $16,280 1.5 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators 610 0.02% $8.33 $8.56 $17,810 2.6 %
51-6051 Sewers, Hand (7) (7) $10.31 $13.05 $27,140 12.8 %
51-6052 Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers 50 0.00% $12.14 $11.87 $24,700 3.7 %
51-6061 Textile Bleaching and Dyeing Machine Operators and Tenders 1,140 0.03% $7.75 $8.12 $16,880 2.7 %
51-6062 Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 2,630 0.08% $8.21 $8.39 $17,440 1.9 %
51-6063 Textile Knitting and Weaving Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 120 0.00% $9.36 $9.31 $19,360 4.2 %
51-6064 Textile Winding, Twisting, and Drawing Out Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 350 0.01% $10.04 $10.10 $21,010 4.6 %
51-6093 Upholsterers 320 0.01% $9.25 $10.73 $22,310 7.9 %
51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 660 0.02% $12.48 $13.16 $27,360 3.0 %
51-7041 Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood 380 0.01% $9.75 $10.31 $21,440 2.4 %
51-7042 Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing 580 0.02% $9.83 $9.97 $20,750 2.2 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators (7) (7) $22.44 $22.39 $46,580 2.7 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 40 0.00% $14.88 $15.41 $32,050 7.1 %
51-9011 Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders 70 0.00% $15.60 $15.77 $32,800 5.5 %
51-9012 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 70 0.00% $9.66 $11.09 $23,070 12.9 %
51-9021 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 360 0.01% $8.98 $9.21 $19,150 2.3 %
51-9022 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 700 0.02% $10.66 $11.77 $24,480 4.5 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 1,320 0.04% $8.57 $9.90 $20,580 7.5 %
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 360 0.01% $8.36 $8.97 $18,660 5.9 %
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 470 0.01% $9.02 $9.54 $19,840 3.0 %
51-9051 Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders 40 0.00% $8.73 $10.26 $21,340 6.1 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 24,640 0.75% $9.88 $11.36 $23,630 2.5 %
51-9082 Medical Appliance Technicians 320 0.01% $12.11 $13.86 $28,830 16.6 %
51-9083 Ophthalmic Laboratory Technicians (7) (7) $9.85 $9.96 $20,720 3.0 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 76,790 2.32% $8.41 $9.16 $19,050 2.4 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 450 0.01% $10.56 $11.01 $22,900 3.5 %
51-9122 Painters, Transportation Equipment 90 0.00% $13.02 $15.40 $32,030 8.5 %
51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers 1,730 0.05% $8.59 $9.37 $19,490 4.0 %
51-9131 Photographic Process Workers 110 0.00% $8.51 $9.05 $18,830 2.6 %
51-9132 Photographic Processing Machine Operators 200 0.01% $9.09 $9.76 $20,290 2.4 %
51-9141 Semiconductor Processors 1,090 0.03% $12.97 $13.49 $28,050 2.8 %
51-9191 Cementing and Gluing Machine Operators and Tenders 1,640 0.05% $10.40 $11.22 $23,340 4.2 %
51-9192 Cleaning, Washing, and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 50 0.00% $8.21 $8.93 $18,580 9.1 %
51-9194 Etchers and Engravers 110 0.00% $7.55 $8.91 $18,540 6.0 %
51-9195 Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic (7) (7) $9.03 $13.71 $28,510 6.3 %
51-9196 Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 1,120 0.03% $8.71 $9.62 $20,010 5.7 %
51-9198 Helpers—Production Workers 79,800 2.42% $7.94 $8.25 $17,170 1.0 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 757,600 22.93% $8.10 $8.95 $18,620 0.9 %
53-1011 Aircraft Cargo Handling Supervisors 620 0.02% $11.35 $13.58 $28,240 5.2 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 1,830 0.06% $16.67 $17.85 $37,130 2.5 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 900 0.03% $19.00 $20.43 $42,500 5.9 %
53-3021 Bus Drivers, Transit and Intercity (7) (7) $9.48 $9.67 $20,110 3.0 %
53-3022 Bus Drivers, School (7) (7) $10.70 $10.98 $22,830 1.7 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 2,170 0.07% $9.90 $10.90 $22,670 4.0 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 37,910 1.15% $14.95 $15.57 $32,390 2.1 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light Or Delivery Services 21,720 0.66% $10.18 $11.45 $23,810 2.3 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 3,070 0.09% $8.99 $9.27 $19,280 2.0 %
53-5011 Sailors and Marine Oilers 190 0.01% $11.42 $12.86 $26,760 10.1 %
53-5021 Captains, Mates, and Pilots of Water Vessels 40 0.00% $28.33 $30.43 $63,290 5.5 %
53-6021 Parking Lot Attendants 1,870 0.06% $6.92 $7.25 $15,070 3.5 %
53-6031 Service Station Attendants 330 0.01% $8.56 $9.20 $19,130 6.4 %
53-7011 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 540 0.02% $8.31 $8.69 $18,070 2.7 %
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators 70 0.00% $19.49 $18.03 $37,500 6.8 %
53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators 520 0.02% $11.65 $13.41 $27,890 5.0 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 22,850 0.69% $10.04 $10.94 $22,760 1.6 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 2,480 0.08% $7.83 $8.19 $17,030 2.0 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 472,450 14.30% $8.03 $8.49 $17,650 0.6 %
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 880 0.03% $7.47 $8.11 $16,880 5.6 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 136,280 4.12% $7.68 $7.89 $16,420 0.7 %
53-7071 Gas Compressor and Gas Pumping Station Operators 40 0.00% $17.40 $18.27 $38,010 7.8 %
53-7081 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 29,180 0.88% $6.91 $8.96 $18,640 8.5 %

About November 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Hourly wage rates for occupations where workers typically work fewer than 2,080 hours per year are not available.

(5) This median wage is equal to or greater than $70.00 per hour or $145,600 per year.

(7) Estimates not released.



Other OES estimates and related information:

November 2003 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

November 2003 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

November 2003 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

November 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Technical notes

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Last Modified Date: November 24, 2004

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