Occupational Employment Statistics

November 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 238220 - Plumbing, Heating, and Air-Conditioning Contractors

These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in NAICS Industry 238220 - Plumbing, Heating, and Air-Conditioning Contractors.

These and other data elements, including the 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages are available in the downloadable Excel files (XLS).

NAICS Industry 238220 - Plumbing, Heating, and Air-Conditioning Contractors is part of: NAICS 238200 - Building Equipment Contractors.

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in NAICS 238220 - Plumbing, Heating, and Air-Conditioning Contractors:

NAICS 238220 - Plumbing, Heating, and Air-Conditioning Contractors

Click on the SOC code number to view an occupational profile.

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 855,030 100.00% $17.40 $19.91 $41,420 0.7 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 40,310 4.71% $35.60 $42.21 $87,790 1.2 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 3,540 0.41% $57.74 $61.97 $128,910 2.4 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 18,610 2.18% $35.88 $42.06 $87,480 1.7 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 460 0.05% $35.06 $43.47 $90,410 12.2 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 700 0.08% $21.78 $25.34 $52,710 6.7 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 2,170 0.25% $30.31 $32.98 $68,600 2.4 %
11-3040 Human Resources Managers 190 0.02% $23.19 $25.99 $54,070 5.7 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 50 0.01% $42.94 $41.87 $87,080 3.3 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 270 0.03% $27.13 $29.03 $60,390 5.2 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 90 0.01% $20.68 $22.87 $47,570 4.6 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 13,220 1.55% $34.83 $40.73 $84,720 3.0 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 300 0.04% $30.00 $34.64 $72,050 6.0 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 18,590 2.17% $24.95 $26.91 $55,970 1.2 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 50 0.01% $21.62 $21.46 $44,630 4.6 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 1,100 0.13% $21.10 $22.09 $45,940 1.4 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 13,690 1.60% $25.12 $26.96 $56,080 2.3 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 40 0.00% $28.83 $29.49 $61,350 5.4 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 50 0.01% $14.92 $20.85 $43,370 15.0 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 3,040 0.36% $24.55 $26.49 $55,100 2.2 %
Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 760 0.09% $25.54 $26.73 $55,610 3.1 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 200 0.02% $27.55 $27.84 $57,910 4.8 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 270 0.03% $18.38 $23.56 $49,000 9.3 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 50 0.01% $25.44 $26.43 $54,970 2.7 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 150 0.02% $29.94 $30.62 $63,680 4.9 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 6,870 0.80% $24.26 $25.43 $52,900 1.9 %
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval 50 0.01% $24.55 $26.42 $54,950 6.1 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 610 0.07% $29.26 $31.02 $64,520 8.3 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 200 0.02% $28.07 $28.84 $60,000 1.6 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 190 0.02% $28.24 $29.92 $62,230 7.4 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 140 0.02% $27.79 $33.30 $69,270 6.2 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 1,410 0.16% $29.50 $30.91 $64,280 2.8 %
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters 1,030 0.12% $21.97 $23.23 $48,320 4.0 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 440 0.05% $18.68 $18.82 $39,140 3.5 %
17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians 100 0.01% $20.53 $21.46 $44,630 5.2 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 160 0.02% $21.85 $22.87 $47,570 4.0 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 60 0.01% $20.27 $22.09 $45,950 7.0 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 440 0.05% $22.34 $23.16 $48,170 2.4 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 370 0.04% $19.43 $20.46 $42,550 5.8 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 140 0.02% $17.32 $17.74 $36,890 4.3 %
Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 80 0.01% $21.61 $21.76 $45,270 2.9 %
29-9010 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists and Technicians 80 0.01% $21.61 $21.76 $45,270 2.9 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 8,160 0.95% $10.40 $11.64 $24,200 3.7 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 770 0.09% $17.63 $19.00 $39,520 7.0 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 1,440 0.17% $8.49 $9.55 $19,850 3.9 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 40 0.00% $9.84 $9.73 $20,230 4.5 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 5,720 0.67% $10.28 $11.19 $23,270 4.3 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 13,190 1.54% $21.78 $24.52 $51,000 3.7 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 180 0.02% $33.20 $34.54 $71,850 6.5 %
41-2011 Cashiers (7) (7) $7.90 $7.78 $16,180 2.6 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 140 0.02% $12.03 $10.71 $22,290 12.8 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 500 0.06% $27.08 $36.77 $76,480 19.9 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 7,080 0.83% $22.25 $24.53 $51,020 2.9 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers 640 0.07% $30.13 $31.52 $65,560 3.5 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 520 0.06% $12.94 $12.68 $26,380 11.9 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 95,810 11.21% $12.55 $13.57 $28,220 0.7 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 7,190 0.84% $19.16 $20.76 $43,170 2.0 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 320 0.04% $12.37 $12.97 $26,970 2.9 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 370 0.04% $15.27 $15.75 $32,760 2.4 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 1,060 0.12% $14.55 $17.05 $35,470 7.3 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 20,180 2.36% $13.80 $14.42 $29,980 1.0 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 2,870 0.34% $14.45 $14.92 $31,040 1.7 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 240 0.03% $13.63 $14.63 $30,430 2.7 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives (7) (7) $12.79 $13.03 $27,100 3.9 %
43-4071 File Clerks 300 0.04% $8.34 $9.22 $19,170 3.8 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 370 0.04% $12.14 $12.84 $26,710 3.6 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 380 0.04% $15.47 $15.83 $32,930 2.7 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 4,240 0.50% $10.69 $11.03 $22,940 1.7 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 170 0.02% $10.98 $11.44 $23,790 3.6 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 3,290 0.38% $13.45 $14.27 $29,680 1.7 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 340 0.04% $15.26 $16.23 $33,750 2.5 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 670 0.08% $12.83 $13.36 $27,780 2.4 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 1,480 0.17% $12.23 $12.66 $26,340 2.8 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 8,820 1.03% $15.37 $15.73 $32,720 2.0 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 20,130 2.35% $10.46 $11.36 $23,630 2.7 %
43-9011 Computer Operators (7) (7) $19.85 $19.96 $41,510 4.5 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 210 0.02% $10.92 $12.26 $25,500 5.6 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists (7) (7) $9.67 $9.99 $20,790 11.2 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 21,390 2.50% $10.75 $11.64 $24,220 2.1 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 499,530 58.42% $18.13 $19.93 $41,450 0.8 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 29,880 3.49% $26.20 $28.48 $59,230 1.2 %
47-2011 Boilermakers 2,660 0.31% $22.30 $23.04 $47,920 4.0 %
47-2031 Carpenters 2,470 0.29% $19.53 $20.28 $42,190 3.4 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 13,940 1.63% $11.48 $13.57 $28,220 3.1 %
47-2071 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators (7) (7) $21.84 $20.80 $43,260 13.1 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 2,730 0.32% $18.54 $20.09 $41,790 4.0 %
47-2081 Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers 110 0.01% $15.17 $15.15 $31,500 9.1 %
47-2111 Electricians 8,190 0.96% $20.29 $20.81 $43,290 2.6 %
47-2130 Insulation Workers 2,070 0.24% $15.79 $17.18 $35,740 7.3 %
47-2151 Pipelayers 5,840 0.68% $14.92 $15.93 $33,130 4.6 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 274,100 32.06% $19.87 $21.37 $44,440 1.0 %
47-2161 Plasterers and Stucco Masons 1,060 0.12% $22.15 $19.07 $39,660 19.4 %
47-2181 Roofers 750 0.09% $18.10 $18.33 $38,130 5.5 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 85,080 9.95% $17.98 $19.60 $40,780 1.6 %
47-2221 Structural Iron and Steel Workers 1,310 0.15% $21.17 $21.59 $44,910 4.1 %
47-3013 Helpers—Electricians 1,930 0.23% $10.70 $10.82 $22,500 4.8 %
47-3014 Helpers—Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons (7) (7) $10.67 $10.75 $22,360 10.2 %
47-3015 Helpers—Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 57,960 6.78% $10.95 $11.52 $23,960 1.0 %
47-3016 Helpers—Roofers 160 0.02% $10.95 $11.49 $23,910 4.0 %
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors 120 0.01% $20.24 $20.47 $42,570 3.4 %
47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 50 0.01% $13.71 $14.21 $29,550 5.2 %
47-4071 Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners 1,540 0.18% $17.57 $18.87 $39,260 4.6 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 148,440 17.36% $16.30 $17.39 $36,180 1.1 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 8,890 1.04% $23.90 $24.88 $51,750 1.9 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 480 0.06% $17.69 $18.73 $38,960 3.8 %
49-2098 Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers 1,340 0.16% $20.90 $20.97 $43,630 4.3 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 290 0.03% $16.70 $17.03 $35,410 2.6 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 190 0.02% $13.69 $14.55 $30,260 2.9 %
49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door 1,550 0.18% $13.57 $15.23 $31,670 7.4 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 108,600 12.70% $16.34 $17.27 $35,920 1.0 %
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers 570 0.07% $20.18 $20.79 $43,230 5.9 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics (7) (7) $16.47 $16.32 $33,950 4.8 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 7,870 0.92% $18.25 $19.53 $40,620 8.7 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery (7) (7) $15.75 $15.53 $32,310 6.0 %
49-9044 Millwrights 2,530 0.30% $20.31 $20.40 $42,430 6.0 %
49-9045 Refractory Materials Repairers, Except Brickmasons 170 0.02% $17.91 $16.96 $35,270 5.7 %
49-9096 Riggers (7) (7) $10.64 $11.64 $24,200 7.9 %
49-9098 Helpers—Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 11,460 1.34% $10.33 $10.83 $22,530 2.0 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 9,050 1.06% $16.74 $17.43 $36,250 2.3 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 380 0.04% $23.00 $23.53 $48,930 5.7 %
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters 2,200 0.26% $15.39 $17.29 $35,960 4.5 %
51-4041 Machinists 280 0.03% $16.31 $16.23 $33,760 8.4 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 4,250 0.50% $18.23 $18.22 $37,890 2.5 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators (7) (7) $20.44 $22.10 $45,960 3.1 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers (7) (7) $13.95 $15.05 $31,300 4.5 %
51-9198 Helpers—Production Workers 400 0.05% $11.62 $11.62 $24,170 9.7 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 13,800 1.61% $12.46 $13.43 $27,940 2.9 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 160 0.02% $24.84 $23.12 $48,080 5.9 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 260 0.03% $21.12 $23.91 $49,740 7.0 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 1,670 0.20% $14.69 $15.75 $32,760 3.1 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light Or Delivery Services 3,710 0.43% $12.49 $13.11 $27,260 1.4 %
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators 90 0.01% $17.83 $20.47 $42,570 8.0 %
53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators 1,680 0.20% $15.10 $15.86 $32,980 3.7 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 340 0.04% $11.79 $13.34 $27,760 5.2 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 5,680 0.66% $10.34 $11.39 $23,690 4.3 %

About November 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(7) Estimates not released.



Other OES estimates and related information:

November 2003 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

November 2003 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

November 2003 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

November 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Technical notes

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Last Modified Date: November 24, 2004

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