Occupational Employment Statistics

November 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 541720 - Research and Development in the Social Sciences and Humanities

These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in NAICS Industry 541720 - Research and Development in the Social Sciences and Humanities.

These and other data elements, including the 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages are available in the downloadable Excel files (XLS).

NAICS Industry 541720 - Research and Development in the Social Sciences and Humanities is part of: NAICS 541700 - Scientific Research and Development Services.

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in NAICS 541720 - Research and Development in the Social Sciences and Humanities:

NAICS 541720 - Research and Development in the Social Sciences and Humanities

Click on the SOC code number to view an occupational profile.

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 67,370 100.00% $20.81 $25.64 $53,330 1.9 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 6,710 9.96% $42.66 $48.55 $100,990 3.3 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 880 1.31% (5) $71.92 $149,600 4.6 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 2,260 3.35% $47.57 $52.89 $110,020 2.9 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 40 0.06% $34.32 $35.32 $73,460 7.4 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 320 0.47% $44.26 $46.80 $97,330 7.1 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 90 0.13% $29.17 $39.94 $83,070 11.3 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 250 0.37% $28.80 $36.04 $74,950 7.6 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 600 0.89% $20.17 $27.46 $57,110 9.7 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 330 0.49% $42.83 $45.16 $93,940 3.2 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 470 0.70% $38.15 $41.22 $85,730 4.3 %
11-3040 Human Resources Managers 160 0.24% $40.26 $42.98 $89,400 3.2 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 30 0.04% $35.78 $37.61 $78,230 9.3 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 120 0.18% $42.34 $44.09 $91,700 5.2 %
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 60 0.09% $52.60 $56.96 $118,480 6.6 %
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers 350 0.52% $44.62 $49.22 $102,370 5.5 %
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers 190 0.28% $40.38 $47.35 $98,480 14.1 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 5,760 8.55% $25.73 $29.67 $61,700 5.5 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 150 0.22% $23.74 $22.84 $47,500 4.1 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation (7) (7) $23.92 $24.36 $50,660 8.0 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 150 0.22% $25.77 $25.68 $53,420 8.3 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 60 0.09% $23.81 $25.55 $53,130 2.8 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 570 0.85% $17.73 $21.07 $43,830 6.5 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 1,820 2.70% $31.90 $36.01 $74,900 9.2 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 210 0.31% $21.90 $27.37 $56,940 16.3 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 730 1.08% $25.96 $28.19 $58,630 4.6 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts (7) (7) $24.60 $24.38 $50,720 4.5 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 100 0.15% $32.95 $33.20 $69,050 6.8 %
Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 6,280 9.32% $28.00 $30.10 $62,620 2.1 %
15-1011 Computer and Information Scientists, Research 390 0.58% $40.25 $40.62 $84,490 7.7 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 410 0.61% $31.52 $31.45 $65,420 3.4 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 1,040 1.54% $35.31 $34.57 $71,910 4.9 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 220 0.33% $36.96 $37.63 $78,280 7.7 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 850 1.26% $20.28 $20.77 $43,190 3.1 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 680 1.01% $26.96 $28.23 $58,720 4.5 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 280 0.42% $25.82 $28.20 $58,660 4.8 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 340 0.50% $30.44 $31.23 $64,950 2.5 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 290 0.43% $26.83 $27.69 $57,580 1.7 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 370 0.55% $26.98 $29.61 $61,580 3.9 %
15-2041 Statisticians 630 0.94% $25.38 $27.25 $56,680 4.8 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 1,370 2.03% $27.69 $29.03 $60,370 2.7 %
17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers (7) (7) $43.44 $45.73 $95,120 6.6 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 50 0.07% $39.53 $38.36 $79,780 8.7 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 40 0.06% $26.24 $28.29 $58,840 8.2 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 200 0.30% $29.89 $32.38 $67,350 5.3 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 16,570 24.60% $21.87 $25.62 $53,290 2.3 %
19-1010 Agricultural and Food Scientists (7) (7) $25.21 $28.03 $58,300 7.1 %
19-1021 Biochemists and Biophysicists 280 0.42% $25.55 $28.47 $59,210 6.2 %
19-1022 Microbiologists 40 0.06% $26.90 $26.10 $54,290 4.8 %
19-1023 Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists (7) (7) $16.08 $16.96 $35,280 6.5 %
19-1042 Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists 220 0.33% $28.99 $30.74 $63,930 8.9 %
19-2031 Chemists 230 0.34% $24.19 $27.77 $57,770 5.9 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 340 0.50% $30.82 $31.98 $66,510 8.1 %
19-3011 Economists 710 1.05% $39.75 $51.46 $107,040 9.6 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 1,360 2.02% $22.27 $24.61 $51,180 6.3 %
19-3022 Survey Researchers 1,210 1.80% $17.41 $18.26 $37,990 10.4 %
19-3032 Industrial-Organizational Psychologists 460 0.68% $32.50 $36.97 $76,900 3.2 %
19-3041 Sociologists (7) (7) $33.53 $34.73 $72,240 3.3 %
19-3091 Anthropologists and Archeologists 1,030 1.53% $16.34 $19.07 $39,670 7.9 %
19-3093 Historians (7) (7) $18.51 $19.82 $41,220 8.8 %
19-3094 Political Scientists 160 0.24% $23.35 $27.41 $57,020 11.8 %
19-4021 Biological Technicians 120 0.18% $15.89 $17.13 $35,630 6.9 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 50 0.07% $12.66 $14.80 $30,780 9.2 %
Community and Social Services Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 1,290 1.91% $21.21 $23.27 $48,390 8.1 %
21-1014 Mental Health Counselors (7) (7) $21.69 $21.56 $44,840 4.8 %
21-1091 Health Educators (7) (7) $31.21 $30.67 $63,800 3.3 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 400 0.59% $36.89 $48.36 $100,580 16.5 %
23-1011 Lawyers 300 0.45% $52.81 $57.29 $119,170 17.5 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 50 0.07% $17.37 $20.31 $42,250 7.3 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 5,420 8.05% $21.63 $28.05 $58,340 13.1 %
25-3011 Adult Literacy, Remedial Education, and Ged Teachers and Instructors 290 0.43% $13.40 $14.20 $29,540 5.5 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 50 0.07% $15.48 $21.47 $44,670 9.4 %
25-4010 Archivists, Curators, and Museum Technicians (7) (7) $19.77 $19.41 $40,380 3.9 %
25-4021 Librarians 100 0.15% $20.03 $20.63 $42,910 4.9 %
25-4031 Library Technicians 30 0.04% $16.86 $17.25 $35,880 4.3 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 1,480 2.20% $24.62 $27.33 $56,840 3.3 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 2,120 3.15% $21.16 $22.46 $46,730 2.9 %
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators 30 0.04% $22.80 $24.27 $50,480 5.6 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 260 0.39% $20.37 $21.73 $45,200 3.3 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 870 1.29% $21.30 $22.68 $47,180 3.1 %
27-3041 Editors (7) (7) $21.09 $21.66 $45,060 7.3 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 140 0.21% $23.19 $24.84 $51,660 3.4 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 200 0.30% $21.82 $24.70 $51,370 7.3 %
27-4021 Photographers (7) (7) $19.59 $19.70 $40,970 4.9 %
Healthcare Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 120 0.18% $16.54 $16.20 $33,690 6.8 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 100 0.15% $11.52 $14.73 $30,640 5.7 %
33-9032 Security Guards 50 0.07% $10.83 $11.84 $24,620 7.3 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 200 0.30% $11.00 $12.27 $25,530 6.4 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 30 0.04% $8.85 $10.11 $21,030 7.7 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 30 0.04% $8.14 $8.97 $18,660 5.0 %
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop (7) (7) $10.79 $12.33 $25,650 4.6 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 280 0.42% $11.24 $12.78 $26,590 3.8 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 160 0.24% $10.67 $11.47 $23,860 3.5 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers (7) (7) $15.06 $14.40 $29,940 13.5 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 500 0.74% $7.73 $9.18 $19,100 3.0 %
39-6021 Tour Guides and Escorts 40 0.06% $10.20 $10.80 $22,470 16.8 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 1,950 2.89% $11.70 $17.54 $36,480 11.5 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 30 0.04% $19.96 $19.50 $40,550 4.2 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 60 0.09% $33.58 $41.94 $87,240 18.2 %
41-2011 Cashiers (7) (7) $13.02 $12.76 $26,550 7.3 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 60 0.09% $10.24 $11.74 $24,420 9.9 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products (7) (7) $20.96 $24.47 $50,910 5.7 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 60 0.09% $21.22 $24.78 $51,530 10.9 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 830 1.23% $7.70 $8.65 $18,000 6.8 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 17,050 25.31% $13.85 $15.04 $31,290 1.6 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 1,380 2.05% $23.30 $25.18 $52,370 2.6 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 70 0.10% $12.96 $13.06 $27,150 2.9 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 90 0.13% $16.28 $17.06 $35,490 2.8 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 60 0.09% $15.92 $15.50 $32,250 2.9 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 700 1.04% $15.70 $15.72 $32,710 2.5 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 90 0.13% $18.23 $17.52 $36,440 4.2 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 320 0.47% $12.68 $13.48 $28,040 11.1 %
43-4071 File Clerks 60 0.09% $11.25 $11.65 $24,230 4.1 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan 3,810 5.66% $9.84 $10.22 $21,250 3.5 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 140 0.21% $17.13 $17.54 $36,470 3.7 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 570 0.85% $11.81 $12.30 $25,590 4.0 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 60 0.09% $20.45 $20.50 $42,650 5.2 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 3,240 4.81% $17.99 $18.86 $39,230 1.5 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 2,090 3.10% $14.27 $14.84 $30,880 2.2 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 60 0.09% $17.16 $19.23 $40,000 6.6 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 430 0.64% $10.74 $11.58 $24,080 4.1 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 180 0.27% $16.34 $16.66 $34,660 5.0 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 150 0.22% $11.54 $11.86 $24,660 3.9 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 2,460 3.65% $12.16 $12.78 $26,580 3.1 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 60 0.09% $12.93 $13.63 $28,350 4.7 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants 170 0.25% $12.64 $14.04 $29,190 5.9 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 170 0.25% $19.31 $21.11 $43,910 11.7 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 30 0.04% $27.36 $29.56 $61,480 10.9 %
47-2111 Electricians 30 0.04% $25.66 $27.56 $57,320 13.5 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 320 0.47% $17.32 $18.94 $39,400 4.5 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers (7) (7) $17.58 $21.63 $44,990 4.9 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 40 0.06% $19.59 $20.06 $41,720 6.7 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 130 0.19% $15.78 $16.46 $34,230 4.3 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 340 0.50% $19.21 $19.31 $40,160 5.7 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 30 0.04% $23.94 $23.82 $49,550 5.5 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers (7) (7) $12.77 $13.75 $28,610 9.0 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 80 0.12% $12.45 $13.83 $28,770 7.2 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 40 0.06% $10.63 $10.65 $22,150 11.8 %

About November 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(5) This median wage is equal to or greater than $70.00 per hour or $145,600 per year.

(7) Estimates not released.



Other OES estimates and related information:

November 2003 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

November 2003 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

November 2003 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

November 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Technical notes

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Last Modified Date: November 24, 2004

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