Occupational Employment Statistics

Occupational Employment and Wages, November 2003

19-3093 Historians

Research, analyze, record, and interpret the past as recorded in sources, such as government and institutional records, newspapers and other periodicals, photographs, interviews, films, and unpublished manuscripts, such as personal diaries and letters.

National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
State profile for this occupation
Metropolitan area profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
2,450 11.4 % $22.19 $46,160 3.6 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $10.44 $14.78 $20.37 $29.00 $37.83
Annual Wage (2) $21,710 $30,750 $42,370 $60,330 $78,690

Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage
Federal government (OES designation) 540 $32.26 $67,100
Local government (OES designation) 340 $16.56 $34,450
State government (OES designation) 330 $19.47 $40,500
Management and technical consulting services 170 $21.36 $44,430
Museums, historical sites, zoos, and parks 50 $18.00 $37,440

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage
Architectural and engineering services (7) $32.97 $68,570
Federal government (OES designation) 540 $32.26 $67,100
Advertising and related services 30 $28.87 $60,060
General medical and surgical hospitals 50 $22.86 $47,560
Management and technical consulting services 170 $21.36 $44,430

State profile for this occupation: Top

States with the highest concentration of workers in this occupation:

State Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage Percent of State employment
District of Columbia 290 $30.56 $63,560 0.049%
Montana 30 $17.39 $36,170 0.008%
Virginia 190 $30.12 $62,650 0.006%
Mississippi 30 $15.33 $31,890 0.003%
New York 210 $13.78 $28,670 0.003%

Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage Percent of State employment
District of Columbia 290 $30.56 $63,560 0.049%
Virginia 190 $30.12 $62,650 0.006%
California 120 $28.41 $59,090 0.001%
North Carolina 40 $25.12 $52,250 0.001%
South Carolina 40 $23.51 $48,890 0.002%

Metropolitan area profile for this occupation: Top

Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of workers in this occupation:

MSA Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage Percent of MSA employment
Trenton, NJ PMSA 40 $26.15 $54,400 0.018%
Washington, DC-MD-VA-WV PMSA 450 $30.74 $63,930 0.017%
Richmond-Petersburg, VA MSA 30 $24.41 $50,770 0.006%
Atlanta, GA MSA 60 $21.58 $44,880 0.003%
Philadelphia, PA-NJ PMSA 30 $25.34 $52,700 0.001%

Top paying Metropolitan areas for this occupation:

MSA Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage Percent of MSA employment
Washington, DC-MD-VA-WV PMSA 450 $30.74 $63,930 0.017%
Trenton, NJ PMSA 40 $26.15 $54,400 0.018%
Philadelphia, PA-NJ PMSA 30 $25.34 $52,700 0.001%
Richmond-Petersburg, VA MSA 30 $24.41 $50,770 0.006%
Boston, MA-NH PMSA (7) $22.60 $47,000 (7)

About November 2003 National, State, and Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia. The top five employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable Excel files(XLS).

Percentile wage estimates show the percentage of workers in an occupation that earn less than a given wage and the percentage that earn more. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate—50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(7) Estimates not released.

All Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations

November 2003 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

November 2003 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

November 2003 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

November 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download November 2003 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: April 19, 2005

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