Occupational Employment Statistics

Occupational Employment and Wages, November 2003

51-4051 Metal-Refining Furnace Operators and Tenders

Operate or tend furnaces, such as gas, oil, coal, electric-arc or electric induction, open-hearth, or oxygen furnaces, to melt and refine metal before casting or to produce specified types of steel. Exclude "Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic" (51-4191).

National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
State profile for this occupation
Metropolitan area profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
17,070 3.6 % $15.96 $33,190 0.9 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $10.56 $12.70 $15.55 $19.07 $22.05
Annual Wage (2) $21,960 $26,410 $32,340 $39,670 $45,860

Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage
Foundries 3,990 $14.65 $30,470
Iron and steel mills and ferroalloy mfg. 3,770 $18.53 $38,540
Alumina and aluminum production 3,270 $15.07 $31,350
Other nonferrous metal production 2,190 $16.01 $33,310
Motor vehicle parts manufacturing 430 $16.29 $33,880

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage
Aerospace product and parts manufacturing 100 $18.89 $39,290
Architectural and structural metals mfg. 60 $18.65 $38,800
Iron and steel mills and ferroalloy mfg. 3,770 $18.53 $38,540
Household appliance manufacturing 70 $18.23 $37,920
Steel product mfg. from purchased steel 120 $16.58 $34,490

State profile for this occupation: Top

States with the highest concentration of workers in this occupation:

State Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage Percent of State employment
Indiana 1,740 $18.30 $38,050 0.061%
West Virginia 310 $16.67 $34,680 0.046%
Kentucky 720 $15.50 $32,230 0.042%
Pennsylvania 2,220 $16.72 $34,770 0.040%
Alabama 640 $13.46 $27,990 0.035%

Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage Percent of State employment
Maryland (7) $18.67 $38,830 (7)
Indiana 1,740 $18.30 $38,050 0.061%
Washington 420 $18.16 $37,770 0.016%
New York 550 $17.78 $36,980 0.007%
Massachusetts 150 $16.97 $35,290 0.005%

Metropolitan area profile for this occupation: Top

Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of workers in this occupation:

MSA Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage Percent of MSA employment
Gary, IN PMSA 880 $20.21 $42,040 0.356%
Steubenville-Weirton, OH-WV MSA 130 $17.27 $35,920 0.272%
Sharon, PA MSA 80 $15.38 $31,980 0.170%
Anniston, AL MSA 50 $12.79 $26,600 0.108%
Pittsburgh, PA MSA 1,090 $16.68 $34,690 0.102%

Top paying Metropolitan areas for this occupation:

MSA Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage Percent of MSA employment
Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY MSA 90 $21.27 $44,240 0.017%
Gary, IN PMSA 880 $20.21 $42,040 0.356%
Baltimore, MD PMSA (7) $19.10 $39,740 (7)
Middlesex-Somerset-Hunterdon, NJ PMSA 100 $18.11 $37,660 0.016%
Milwaukee-Waukesha, WI PMSA 170 $17.61 $36,620 0.021%

About November 2003 National, State, and Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia. The top five employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable Excel files(XLS).

Percentile wage estimates show the percentage of workers in an occupation that earn less than a given wage and the percentage that earn more. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate—50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(7) Estimates not released.

All Production Occupations

November 2003 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

November 2003 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

November 2003 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

November 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download November 2003 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: April 19, 2005

Recommend this page using: