Occupational Employment Statistics

November 2003 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News, VA-NC MSA


For metropolitan area definitions used by the OES survey, see the MSA definitions page.

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors in the Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News, VA-NC MSA, a metropolitan statistical area that includes parts of Virginia and North Carolina. These and other data elements, including the 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages are available in the downloadable Excel files (XLS).

Links to OES estimates for other areas and States

SOC Major Groups in the Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News, VA-NC MSA:

Click on the SOC code number to view an occupational profile.

All Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 705,520 $12.79 $16.24 $33,790 1.2 %
Management Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 26,720 $34.34 $37.44 $77,880 0.8 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 1,130 $60.39 $60.26 $125,350 2.7 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 8,010 $35.26 $40.83 $84,920 1.8 %
11-1031 Legislators 70 (7) (7) (7) (7)
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 160 $25.18 $28.61 $59,500 5.6 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 510 $35.58 $37.88 $78,780 4.4 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 830 $35.10 $38.81 $80,720 3.9 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 280 $35.04 $36.33 $75,570 6.1 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 800 $29.14 $29.82 $62,030 3.0 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 1,200 $40.24 $40.99 $85,250 2.1 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 1,530 $37.93 $39.93 $83,060 1.8 %
11-3040 Human Resources Managers 640 $38.31 $38.61 $80,310 3.0 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 470 $31.22 $34.29 $71,330 2.8 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 340 $37.66 $37.47 $77,940 2.8 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 390 $31.87 $32.41 $67,400 3.3 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 1,080 $31.09 $34.31 $71,370 4.9 %
11-9031 Education Administrators, Preschool and Child Care Center/Program 320 $14.34 $16.66 $34,650 6.6 %
11-9032 Education Administrators, Elementary and Secondary School 1,260 (4) (4) $65,030 2.2 %
11-9033 Education Administrators, Postsecondary 530 $33.85 $38.67 $80,430 3.3 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 1,460 $41.16 $41.78 $86,900 1.8 %
11-9051 Food Service Managers 850 $17.71 $18.20 $37,860 4.6 %
11-9061 Funeral Directors 60 $23.43 $25.51 $53,060 6.5 %
11-9081 Lodging Managers 190 $19.71 $19.83 $41,240 6.7 %
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 650 $33.60 $37.74 $78,510 3.5 %
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers 180 $34.89 $37.26 $77,490 3.8 %
11-9131 Postmasters and Mail Superintendents 70 $23.38 $23.81 $49,530 1.3 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 620 $17.14 $20.67 $42,980 6.7 %
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers 320 $29.81 $30.34 $63,110 3.6 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 30,860 $23.10 $25.29 $52,610 1.6 %
13-1011 Agents and Business Managers of Artists, Performers, and Athletes 50 $14.95 $15.62 $32,500 17.5 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 430 $18.92 $21.55 $44,830 4.6 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 1,970 $23.53 $24.42 $50,800 2.5 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 730 $19.32 $21.74 $45,230 4.2 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 1,160 $20.78 $22.68 $47,170 3.5 %
13-1061 Emergency Management Specialists 70 $19.66 $21.17 $44,020 7.1 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 580 $18.71 $20.14 $41,890 3.9 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 340 $21.32 $22.35 $46,490 1.8 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 1,950 $22.31 $22.57 $46,950 1.8 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 3,840 $29.92 $35.63 $74,110 4.7 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 230 $18.45 $18.91 $39,330 6.5 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 5,280 $21.39 $23.62 $49,140 2.1 %
13-2021 Appraisers and Assessors of Real Estate 620 $24.67 $28.91 $60,140 21.8 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 620 $25.34 $25.76 $53,580 1.5 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 160 $22.28 $25.88 $53,830 6.2 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 540 $27.54 $29.28 $60,900 3.4 %
13-2052 Personal Financial Advisors 570 $17.27 $27.93 $58,090 20.1 %
13-2053 Insurance Underwriters 420 $25.45 $25.43 $52,890 5.4 %
13-2061 Financial Examiners 50 $23.31 $25.51 $53,060 3.7 %
13-2071 Loan Counselors (7) $17.42 $21.06 $43,800 12.4 %
13-2072 Loan Officers 1,540 $23.34 $27.81 $57,850 7.8 %
13-2081 Tax Examiners, Collectors, and Revenue Agents 260 $20.13 $21.41 $44,520 5.9 %
13-2082 Tax Preparers 650 $9.14 $10.39 $21,610 10.0 %
Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 16,220 $26.33 $26.85 $55,860 1.5 %
15-1011 Computer and Information Scientists, Research 210 $35.62 $34.99 $72,770 2.1 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 2,660 $25.32 $26.37 $54,860 2.6 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 2,080 $27.95 $29.36 $61,070 2.0 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 1,210 $31.12 $31.81 $66,160 1.7 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 2,670 $17.83 $19.31 $40,160 4.0 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 3,160 $29.76 $29.84 $62,060 2.4 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 610 $23.22 $25.59 $53,220 4.0 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 1,540 $26.39 $26.90 $55,960 1.9 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 890 $23.72 $25.51 $53,060 4.3 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 580 $32.69 $32.64 $67,880 2.5 %
15-2041 Statisticians (7) $11.31 $14.06 $29,240 15.8 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 20,220 $26.58 $27.65 $57,510 3.1 %
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval 350 $29.12 $30.85 $64,170 2.4 %
17-1012 Landscape Architects 50 $27.43 $27.38 $56,960 5.5 %
17-1021 Cartographers and Photogrammetrists 70 $27.02 $27.11 $56,390 5.0 %
17-1022 Surveyors 340 $17.20 $19.18 $39,900 7.4 %
17-2011 Aerospace Engineers 760 $41.83 $41.81 $86,970 2.0 %
17-2041 Chemical Engineers 90 $35.95 $35.78 $74,430 5.3 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 1,450 $28.33 $30.96 $64,390 1.8 %
17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers 280 $37.81 $38.07 $79,180 2.3 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 1,650 $30.52 $32.38 $67,340 6.4 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 790 $37.23 $37.24 $77,470 2.6 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 350 $27.65 $28.65 $59,590 3.6 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 260 $28.08 $28.27 $58,810 2.2 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 560 $28.75 $29.09 $60,500 2.2 %
17-2121 Marine Engineers and Naval Architects 390 $36.37 $36.09 $75,070 4.0 %
17-2131 Materials Engineers 100 $32.25 $33.41 $69,480 4.2 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 2,340 $29.33 $29.66 $61,680 1.7 %
17-2161 Nuclear Engineers 490 $30.21 $31.08 $64,650 3.9 %
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters 430 $17.48 $17.96 $37,360 3.8 %
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters 60 $16.24 $16.88 $35,120 8.1 %
17-3021 Aerospace Engineering and Operations Technicians 60 $16.97 $19.80 $41,170 12.7 %
17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians 370 $15.91 $16.16 $33,610 3.3 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 2,030 $21.60 $22.75 $47,310 4.8 %
17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technicians 80 $17.41 $18.58 $38,660 2.8 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 210 $19.78 $22.36 $46,510 8.0 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 270 $17.07 $18.20 $37,860 3.8 %
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 380 $14.74 $15.46 $32,170 3.6 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 5,240 $23.76 $25.85 $53,770 2.8 %
19-1010 Agricultural and Food Scientists 40 $15.16 $17.20 $35,790 8.1 %
19-1022 Microbiologists 40 $19.67 $19.21 $39,960 3.7 %
19-1023 Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists 90 $18.93 $19.88 $41,360 2.4 %
19-1031 Conservation Scientists (7) $18.30 $20.33 $42,280 3.4 %
19-2012 Physicists 180 $34.52 $37.81 $78,650 3.8 %
19-2031 Chemists 240 $25.68 $26.59 $55,310 2.9 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 560 $23.25 $23.92 $49,750 4.8 %
19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers (7) $29.47 $34.72 $72,220 4.8 %
19-3011 Economists (7) $32.75 $33.83 $70,360 5.2 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 980 $23.19 $26.14 $54,360 2.6 %
19-3031 Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists 490 $28.35 $32.26 $67,100 6.6 %
19-3051 Urban and Regional Planners 290 $23.83 $24.75 $51,480 2.1 %
19-3091 Anthropologists and Archeologists 60 $15.99 $18.84 $39,200 9.1 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 80 $15.27 $15.69 $32,630 4.1 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health 170 $14.46 $14.38 $29,920 2.4 %
19-4092 Forensic Science Technicians 90 $17.09 $18.10 $37,640 5.0 %
Community and Social Services Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 8,810 $16.31 $17.33 $36,040 2.8 %
21-1011 Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors 100 $16.14 $17.83 $37,090 7.6 %
21-1012 Educational, Vocational, and School Counselors 1,390 $22.84 $23.37 $48,610 3.6 %
21-1013 Marriage and Family Therapists (7) $18.61 $18.48 $38,440 12.8 %
21-1014 Mental Health Counselors 1,010 $9.15 $13.19 $27,440 11.4 %
21-1015 Rehabilitation Counselors 840 $11.97 $12.79 $26,610 4.4 %
21-1021 Child, Family, and School Social Workers 1,630 $15.97 $16.76 $34,870 2.2 %
21-1022 Medical and Public Health Social Workers 420 $17.90 $18.18 $37,820 3.8 %
21-1023 Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers 820 $19.19 $19.90 $41,400 2.5 %
21-1091 Health Educators 230 $19.37 $20.27 $42,160 3.8 %
21-1092 Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists 690 $16.81 $17.89 $37,210 2.1 %
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants 720 $11.15 $10.88 $22,630 2.6 %
21-2011 Clergy 120 $16.64 $17.10 $35,580 4.7 %
21-2021 Directors, Religious Activities and Education 50 $6.91 $9.84 $20,460 10.6 %
Legal Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 4,920 $24.29 $41.48 $86,280 20.5 %
23-1011 Lawyers 2,430 $67.66 $66.44 $138,200 12.3 %
23-1021 Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers 50 $20.45 $29.64 $61,650 2.0 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 1,520 $16.43 $16.94 $35,230 4.5 %
23-2091 Court Reporters (7) $12.73 $12.73 $26,480 3.9 %
23-2092 Law Clerks 140 $18.64 $19.09 $39,700 3.3 %
23-2093 Title Examiners, Abstractors, and Searchers 180 $13.10 $13.68 $28,460 3.3 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 45,720 $18.78 $19.53 $40,610 4.1 %
25-1011 Business Teachers, Postsecondary 480 (4) (4) $65,360 4.7 %
25-1021 Computer Science Teachers, Postsecondary 150 (4) (4) $61,380 3.5 %
25-1022 Mathematical Science Teachers, Postsecondary 220 (4) (4) $53,960 3.1 %
25-1032 Engineering Teachers, Postsecondary 290 (4) (4) $70,290 2.6 %
25-1051 Atmospheric, Earth, Marine, and Space Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 60 (4) (4) $72,240 3.1 %
25-1052 Chemistry Teachers, Postsecondary 80 (4) (4) $63,530 2.7 %
25-1054 Physics Teachers, Postsecondary 60 (4) (4) $80,060 3.7 %
25-1063 Economics Teachers, Postsecondary 40 (4) (4) $73,050 4.5 %
25-1065 Political Science Teachers, Postsecondary 80 (4) (4) $62,770 4.6 %
25-1066 Psychology Teachers, Postsecondary 150 (4) (4) $60,860 2.4 %
25-1067 Sociology Teachers, Postsecondary 70 (4) (4) $57,550 2.7 %
25-1071 Health Specialties Teachers, Postsecondary 190 (4) (4) $64,150 5.2 %
25-1072 Nursing Instructors and Teachers, Postsecondary 150 (4) (4) $53,520 2.7 %
25-1081 Education Teachers, Postsecondary 310 (4) (4) $57,660 3.0 %
25-1112 Law Teachers, Postsecondary (7) (4) (4) $105,270 3.6 %
25-1113 Social Work Teachers, Postsecondary (7) (4) (4) $60,780 3.7 %
25-1121 Art, Drama, and Music Teachers, Postsecondary 490 (4) (4) $52,040 3.8 %
25-1122 Communications Teachers, Postsecondary 90 (4) (4) $58,660 9.0 %
25-1123 English Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary 270 (4) (4) $49,030 3.0 %
25-1124 Foreign Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary 80 (4) (4) $48,670 3.4 %
25-1125 History Teachers, Postsecondary 110 (4) (4) $56,390 2.9 %
25-1126 Philosophy and Religion Teachers, Postsecondary 90 (4) (4) $47,810 7.0 %
25-1193 Recreation and Fitness Studies Teachers, Postsecondary 120 (4) (4) $48,250 3.0 %
25-1194 Vocational Education Teachers, Postsecondary 750 $15.98 $17.15 $35,670 5.9 %
25-2011 Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education 2,570 $8.13 $9.85 $20,500 5.9 %
25-2012 Kindergarten Teachers, Except Special Education 1,400 (4) (4) $40,490 5.9 %
25-2021 Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education 7,970 (4) (4) $46,660 6.2 %
25-2022 Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Vocational Education 4,410 (4) (4) $46,520 6.0 %
25-2023 Vocational Education Teachers, Middle School 100 (4) (4) $42,790 2.2 %
25-2031 Secondary School Teachers, Except Special and Vocational Education 5,740 (4) (4) $49,360 4.1 %
25-2032 Vocational Education Teachers, Secondary School 630 (4) (4) $47,780 3.0 %
25-2041 Special Education Teachers, Preschool, Kindergarten, and Elementary School 1,630 (4) (4) $43,620 5.4 %
25-2042 Special Education Teachers, Middle School 750 (4) (4) $42,980 5.0 %
25-2043 Special Education Teachers, Secondary School 930 (4) (4) $47,170 4.4 %
25-3011 Adult Literacy, Remedial Education, and Ged Teachers and Instructors 450 $18.75 $19.39 $40,330 6.7 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 440 $16.88 $16.87 $35,080 5.0 %
25-4010 Archivists, Curators, and Museum Technicians 160 $16.46 $18.31 $38,090 2.6 %
25-4021 Librarians 990 $23.55 $23.86 $49,630 3.2 %
25-4031 Library Technicians 780 $12.68 $13.02 $27,080 2.7 %
25-9011 Audio-Visual Collections Specialists 70 $13.03 $14.18 $29,490 8.5 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 760 $28.64 $28.72 $59,730 9.0 %
25-9041 Teacher Assistants 5,770 (4) (4) $17,080 5.6 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 7,440 $17.13 $19.49 $40,550 2.2 %
27-1011 Art Directors 60 $28.34 $33.18 $69,020 7.1 %
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators 40 $19.49 $19.05 $39,620 10.1 %
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators (7) $22.17 $21.44 $44,600 2.8 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 70 $20.77 $22.70 $47,220 8.9 %
27-1023 Floral Designers 330 $8.82 $9.24 $19,210 4.4 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 650 $15.48 $17.47 $36,330 5.1 %
27-1025 Interior Designers 150 $17.77 $18.62 $38,740 4.1 %
27-1026 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 100 $10.00 $10.96 $22,800 5.1 %
27-2011 Actors (7) (4) (4) $43,320 13.6 %
27-2012 Producers and Directors 560 (4) (4) $53,770 7.3 %
27-2022 Coaches and Scouts 430 (4) (4) $31,230 6.6 %
27-2031 Dancers (7) $12.57 $14.62 $30,420 27.0 %
27-2041 Music Directors and Composers 50 (4) (4) $35,890 9.0 %
27-2042 Musicians and Singers 160 (4) (4) $21,450 10.0 %
27-3010 Announcers 140 $9.77 $17.38 $36,150 15.0 %
27-3020 News Analysts, Reporters and Correspondents 320 $16.03 $22.12 $46,010 9.6 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 1,030 $20.60 $21.78 $45,300 2.7 %
27-3041 Editors 550 $21.04 $22.66 $47,120 3.5 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 160 $21.49 $23.34 $48,550 3.2 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 140 $18.19 $20.08 $41,760 5.4 %
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators 140 $20.32 $19.86 $41,300 6.6 %
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians 330 $17.26 $17.54 $36,470 2.0 %
27-4012 Broadcast Technicians 260 $12.74 $16.85 $35,050 11.8 %
27-4021 Photographers 440 $10.75 $12.67 $26,340 7.3 %
27-4031 Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Picture 140 $18.04 $19.53 $40,610 8.4 %
27-4032 Film and Video Editors (7) $17.10 $25.21 $52,430 20.1 %
Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 31,440 $20.71 $26.47 $55,050 4.0 %
29-1011 Chiropractors (7) $24.89 $31.67 $65,870 17.4 %
29-1020 Dentists 470 (5) $82.94 $172,510 10.1 %
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists 130 $19.21 $19.70 $40,980 3.6 %
29-1041 Optometrists 160 $40.22 $45.42 $94,480 11.6 %
29-1051 Pharmacists 930 $40.37 $39.41 $81,980 1.5 %
29-1062 Family and General Practitioners 330 $69.79 $71.93 $149,610 15.2 %
29-1063 Internists, General 140 (5) $83.39 $173,450 9.4 %
29-1065 Pediatricians, General 180 (5) $81.27 $169,050 12.2 %
29-1066 Psychiatrists 90 $67.33 $69.61 $144,790 6.5 %
29-1067 Surgeons 390 (5) $95.04 $197,680 5.5 %
29-1071 Physician Assistants 120 $31.70 $33.18 $69,000 5.9 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 10,510 $22.96 $23.41 $48,690 1.2 %
29-1122 Occupational Therapists 300 $25.80 $26.48 $55,090 2.0 %
29-1123 Physical Therapists 560 $26.44 $27.38 $56,960 2.0 %
29-1124 Radiation Therapists 50 $26.20 $26.48 $55,080 1.4 %
29-1125 Recreational Therapists 100 $13.42 $13.91 $28,930 9.3 %
29-1126 Respiratory Therapists 380 $20.92 $20.77 $43,200 2.5 %
29-1127 Speech-Language Pathologists 550 $23.77 $23.38 $48,620 4.2 %
29-1131 Veterinarians 370 $29.38 $32.13 $66,820 8.1 %
29-2011 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 790 $19.86 $20.21 $42,030 1.7 %
29-2012 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 430 $15.03 $15.44 $32,120 5.3 %
29-2021 Dental Hygienists 740 $25.95 $25.68 $53,420 4.0 %
29-2031 Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians 390 $16.54 $16.96 $35,270 6.3 %
29-2032 Diagnostic Medical Sonographers 120 $23.77 $23.40 $48,680 1.3 %
29-2033 Nuclear Medicine Technologists 100 $23.60 $23.46 $48,800 1.6 %
29-2034 Radiologic Technologists and Technicians 1,170 $17.67 $18.60 $38,680 4.4 %
29-2041 Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics 550 $12.88 $13.01 $27,060 3.9 %
29-2052 Pharmacy Technicians 1,100 $10.68 $10.95 $22,780 2.6 %
29-2053 Psychiatric Technicians 820 $10.26 $10.47 $21,780 1.6 %
29-2055 Surgical Technologists 420 $15.30 $16.08 $33,450 2.1 %
29-2056 Veterinary Technologists and Technicians 230 $13.89 $13.53 $28,140 7.5 %
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses 4,330 $14.05 $14.91 $31,020 2.2 %
29-2071 Medical Records and Health Information Technicians 970 $11.70 $12.64 $26,300 3.0 %
29-2081 Opticians, Dispensing 300 $12.16 $12.38 $25,750 3.7 %
29-9010 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists and Technicians 400 $21.57 $22.59 $46,990 5.3 %
29-9091 Athletic Trainers 120 (4) (4) $28,390 6.1 %
Healthcare Support Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 15,340 $9.52 $9.87 $20,530 1.5 %
31-1011 Home Health Aides 1,640 $8.27 $8.38 $17,430 2.8 %
31-1012 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 6,540 $9.00 $9.08 $18,890 1.1 %
31-2011 Occupational Therapist Assistants 90 $17.98 $18.06 $37,560 2.6 %
31-2021 Physical Therapist Assistants 190 $17.81 $18.28 $38,020 2.6 %
31-2022 Physical Therapist Aides 200 $8.67 $8.87 $18,450 2.5 %
31-9091 Dental Assistants 1,890 $11.69 $11.88 $24,700 4.0 %
31-9092 Medical Assistants 1,800 $10.34 $10.59 $22,020 2.3 %
31-9093 Medical Equipment Preparers 280 $10.21 $10.45 $21,730 1.4 %
31-9094 Medical Transcriptionists 550 $12.11 $12.13 $25,220 2.7 %
31-9095 Pharmacy Aides 210 $8.64 $9.09 $18,910 4.6 %
31-9096 Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers 580 $8.02 $8.37 $17,410 4.3 %
Protective Service Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 18,070 $13.88 $14.67 $30,520 3.7 %
33-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Correctional Officers 290 $19.41 $20.93 $43,540 3.3 %
33-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Police and Detectives 550 $29.24 $29.11 $60,550 2.2 %
33-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Fire Fighting and Prevention Workers 570 $24.47 $25.47 $52,970 3.0 %
33-2011 Fire Fighters 2,530 $15.45 $15.66 $32,580 1.6 %
33-3012 Correctional Officers and Jailers 1,280 $13.34 $13.85 $28,820 1.9 %
33-3021 Detectives and Criminal Investigators 310 $25.42 $26.62 $55,360 3.6 %
33-3051 Police and Sheriff's Patrol Officers 4,130 $17.71 $18.17 $37,790 2.8 %
33-9011 Animal Control Workers 110 $13.42 $14.19 $29,520 1.9 %
33-9021 Private Detectives and Investigators (7) $13.12 $15.89 $33,060 3.3 %
33-9032 Security Guards 5,520 $9.04 $9.84 $20,470 2.4 %
33-9091 Crossing Guards (7) $6.64 $8.11 $16,870 11.7 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 61,200 $7.06 $7.90 $16,430 1.4 %
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 520 $11.88 $12.85 $26,730 3.6 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 5,580 $11.75 $12.20 $25,390 2.1 %
35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food 5,990 $6.34 $6.45 $13,420 3.8 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 1,480 $8.90 $9.78 $20,350 6.1 %
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant 5,120 $7.91 $8.26 $17,170 2.8 %
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order 910 $7.41 $7.64 $15,890 5.3 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 3,700 $7.54 $7.68 $15,970 2.8 %
35-3011 Bartenders 1,510 $7.06 $8.12 $16,890 4.7 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 14,070 $6.74 $7.32 $15,220 3.0 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 1,550 $6.98 $7.47 $15,540 2.4 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses 12,630 $6.76 $7.38 $15,350 2.5 %
35-3041 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant 770 $7.68 $8.03 $16,700 3.3 %
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 2,790 $6.30 $6.42 $13,350 2.2 %
35-9021 Dishwashers 2,100 $6.89 $7.35 $15,290 4.0 %
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop 2,060 $6.58 $6.73 $14,000 3.3 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 25,800 $8.05 $8.90 $18,520 1.5 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 1,340 $13.86 $14.58 $30,330 5.3 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 520 $17.78 $18.65 $38,790 4.7 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 11,520 $7.56 $8.13 $16,920 2.5 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 6,520 $7.28 $7.52 $15,630 2.1 %
37-2021 Pest Control Workers 390 $12.76 $12.91 $26,860 3.2 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 5,000 $8.84 $9.31 $19,370 1.7 %
37-3012 Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation 270 $10.65 $11.43 $23,770 5.1 %
37-3013 Tree Trimmers and Pruners 120 $16.40 $16.24 $33,770 4.9 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 16,330 $7.77 $9.14 $19,000 2.2 %
39-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service Workers 680 $14.02 $16.12 $33,530 5.3 %
39-2021 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers 410 $7.68 $8.25 $17,160 4.4 %
39-3021 Motion Picture Projectionists 70 $6.85 $7.40 $15,400 5.9 %
39-3031 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 1,210 $6.57 $6.79 $14,130 2.8 %
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 2,970 $6.92 $7.33 $15,250 2.5 %
39-3093 Locker Room, Coatroom, and Dressing Room Attendants 130 $7.41 $7.50 $15,600 2.1 %
39-4011 Embalmers 80 $18.21 $18.35 $38,170 5.7 %
39-4021 Funeral Attendants 250 $8.55 $9.03 $18,790 6.0 %
39-5011 Barbers 170 $10.22 $10.06 $20,930 6.5 %
39-5012 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 2,590 $10.19 $10.72 $22,310 3.4 %
39-5092 Manicurists and Pedicurists 220 $8.00 $8.01 $16,670 4.7 %
39-5093 Shampooers 230 $6.83 $7.19 $14,950 5.3 %
39-5094 Skin Care Specialists 80 $8.16 $8.87 $18,450 10.8 %
39-6011 Baggage Porters and Bellhops 170 $7.01 $8.67 $18,030 13.0 %
39-6012 Concierges 140 $7.78 $8.31 $17,290 4.2 %
39-6021 Tour Guides and Escorts 240 $8.89 $10.55 $21,940 11.1 %
39-9011 Child Care Workers 1,630 $6.71 $7.16 $14,890 2.7 %
39-9021 Personal and Home Care Aides 1,280 $6.54 $6.88 $14,320 3.7 %
39-9031 Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors 1,020 $12.11 $14.12 $29,370 6.6 %
39-9032 Recreation Workers 1,780 $8.35 $9.61 $20,000 2.5 %
39-9041 Residential Advisors 70 $8.12 $9.07 $18,860 5.3 %
Sales and Related Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 80,370 $9.05 $12.99 $27,030 2.1 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 6,930 $14.13 $17.08 $35,530 6.5 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 1,640 $24.71 $27.94 $58,110 5.6 %
41-2011 Cashiers 20,010 $7.09 $7.36 $15,300 0.9 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 3,320 $7.85 $8.65 $17,990 4.3 %
41-2022 Parts Salespersons 1,470 $10.52 $11.19 $23,270 3.9 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 25,760 $8.32 $9.98 $20,760 2.2 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents 760 $19.58 $23.63 $49,150 8.4 %
41-3021 Insurance Sales Agents 1,680 $16.46 $21.61 $44,940 7.7 %
41-3031 Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents 680 $31.66 $44.33 $92,200 8.2 %
41-3041 Travel Agents 600 $12.80 $13.25 $27,550 4.3 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 700 $26.83 $29.01 $60,340 4.3 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 6,460 $20.47 $24.24 $50,410 5.2 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters 230 $9.90 $10.94 $22,760 5.4 %
41-9021 Real Estate Brokers 180 $34.71 $45.66 $94,970 17.3 %
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents 2,640 $12.67 $17.73 $36,890 9.9 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers 160 $24.22 $29.67 $61,710 9.3 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 4,280 $8.49 $9.69 $20,150 4.4 %
41-9091 Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers (7) $8.74 $10.95 $22,780 11.7 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 119,510 $11.49 $12.70 $26,410 0.9 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 6,990 $17.98 $19.91 $41,410 2.5 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 1,170 $9.28 $9.82 $20,410 6.2 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 3,770 $11.21 $11.64 $24,210 1.5 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 3,240 $11.80 $12.04 $25,040 1.5 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 8,410 $12.26 $12.90 $26,840 1.9 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 1,000 $13.40 $13.70 $28,490 2.3 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 670 $15.26 $15.24 $31,710 2.3 %
43-3071 Tellers 2,330 $9.82 $9.89 $20,580 1.9 %
43-4011 Brokerage Clerks 80 $13.93 $14.21 $29,550 2.2 %
43-4021 Correspondence Clerks 30 $13.03 $14.74 $30,670 12.1 %
43-4031 Court, Municipal, and License Clerks 490 $12.46 $12.90 $26,840 2.5 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 550 $11.88 $12.18 $25,330 2.1 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 10,260 $11.42 $11.99 $24,940 2.2 %
43-4061 Eligibility Interviewers, Government Programs 740 $13.89 $14.70 $30,570 4.0 %
43-4071 File Clerks 1,290 $9.25 $9.79 $20,370 2.8 %
43-4081 Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks 1,240 $8.35 $8.48 $17,630 1.6 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan 960 $10.51 $10.86 $22,580 1.1 %
43-4121 Library Assistants, Clerical 630 $8.91 $9.49 $19,750 2.7 %
43-4131 Loan Interviewers and Clerks 780 $13.94 $14.30 $29,740 3.9 %
43-4141 New Accounts Clerks 390 $12.73 $13.43 $27,930 10.2 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 2,170 $9.19 $10.39 $21,610 4.8 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 1,230 $14.40 $14.85 $30,890 2.1 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 6,410 $8.82 $9.05 $18,820 1.9 %
43-4181 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks 620 $13.99 $14.01 $29,140 6.5 %
43-5011 Cargo and Freight Agents 270 $14.93 $16.24 $33,780 5.3 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 780 $8.82 $9.65 $20,080 3.2 %
43-5031 Police, Fire, and Ambulance Dispatchers 430 $12.76 $13.15 $27,360 1.6 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 770 $12.39 $13.13 $27,320 2.4 %
43-5041 Meter Readers, Utilities 220 $14.13 $15.06 $31,330 5.6 %
43-5051 Postal Service Clerks 280 $19.58 $19.68 $40,930 1.9 %
43-5052 Postal Service Mail Carriers 1,550 $21.96 $21.54 $44,800 1.3 %
43-5053 Postal Service Mail Sorters, Processors, and Processing Machine Operators 820 $19.35 $18.92 $39,350 2.9 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 3,510 $19.75 $19.83 $41,240 4.7 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 3,210 $11.72 $12.25 $25,480 1.6 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 8,770 $9.16 $10.18 $21,170 1.9 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 370 $10.98 $12.09 $25,150 4.1 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 3,990 $15.28 $15.57 $32,380 1.2 %
43-6012 Legal Secretaries 740 $15.44 $15.25 $31,710 2.0 %
43-6013 Medical Secretaries 1,200 $10.75 $12.07 $25,100 10.6 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 8,350 $11.80 $12.22 $25,420 2.1 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 790 $13.19 $14.02 $29,170 2.8 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 1,880 $9.75 $9.97 $20,730 3.5 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 640 $10.69 $11.95 $24,860 4.8 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers (7) $12.68 $13.55 $28,180 6.2 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 700 $10.32 $10.83 $22,520 2.9 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 18,570 $10.17 $10.60 $22,040 1.3 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 620 $10.21 $10.87 $22,610 4.2 %
43-9081 Proofreaders and Copy Markers (7) $13.00 $13.68 $28,450 4.5 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants 60 $13.63 $15.02 $31,240 10.4 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 480 $10.06 $11.87 $24,680 7.1 %
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers 40 $17.42 $18.07 $37,590 7.9 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 180 $7.14 $8.19 $17,040 6.2 %
45-2093 Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals 60 $8.89 $9.51 $19,780 3.6 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 41,230 $14.76 $15.38 $31,990 1.6 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 4,600 $21.80 $22.25 $46,270 3.1 %
47-2011 Boilermakers 280 $17.30 $16.61 $34,540 3.8 %
47-2021 Brickmasons and Blockmasons 1,100 $18.82 $18.20 $37,850 2.7 %
47-2031 Carpenters 4,820 $15.24 $15.18 $31,580 1.9 %
47-2041 Carpet Installers (7) $12.07 $11.70 $24,330 2.6 %
47-2044 Tile and Marble Setters 140 $14.23 $14.39 $29,930 5.2 %
47-2051 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers 1,490 $13.78 $13.97 $29,050 4.2 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 4,070 $9.90 $10.06 $20,930 2.7 %
47-2071 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 340 $12.34 $12.71 $26,440 2.5 %
47-2072 Pile-Driver Operators (7) $13.33 $14.09 $29,300 4.0 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 1,760 $13.63 $14.30 $29,730 1.6 %
47-2081 Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers 580 $15.65 $15.31 $31,840 3.3 %
47-2111 Electricians 4,430 $17.52 $17.39 $36,180 2.2 %
47-2121 Glaziers 110 $14.94 $14.35 $29,840 9.4 %
47-2130 Insulation Workers 890 $14.92 $14.86 $30,920 3.9 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 2,160 $13.52 $13.86 $28,820 2.9 %
47-2151 Pipelayers 380 $10.52 $10.55 $21,950 6.3 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 4,490 $17.28 $17.42 $36,240 3.9 %
47-2161 Plasterers and Stucco Masons 110 $15.04 $15.31 $31,850 3.6 %
47-2171 Reinforcing Iron and Rebar Workers (7) $19.43 $18.84 $39,190 2.7 %
47-2181 Roofers 650 $13.53 $14.02 $29,170 2.0 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 2,180 $15.22 $15.17 $31,540 3.5 %
47-2221 Structural Iron and Steel Workers 240 $17.04 $16.33 $33,960 3.9 %
47-3011 Helpers—Brickmasons, Blockmasons, Stonemasons, and Tile and Marble Setters 730 $10.26 $10.28 $21,380 2.2 %
47-3012 Helpers—Carpenters 680 $10.12 $10.14 $21,100 3.5 %
47-3013 Helpers—Electricians 470 $9.79 $10.11 $21,020 2.9 %
47-3014 Helpers—Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons 150 $8.23 $8.54 $17,770 3.7 %
47-3015 Helpers—Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 930 $11.91 $12.63 $26,280 7.9 %
47-3016 Helpers—Roofers 270 $9.28 $9.05 $18,820 3.2 %
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors 670 $19.43 $19.53 $40,620 2.4 %
47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers (7) $12.69 $12.96 $26,950 5.2 %
47-4051 Highway Maintenance Workers 280 $12.77 $12.90 $26,830 3.1 %
47-4071 Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners (7) $10.81 $11.45 $23,810 10.6 %
47-5021 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas 70 $15.19 $15.22 $31,660 7.4 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 33,550 $15.98 $16.58 $34,490 1.1 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 2,960 $22.45 $23.83 $49,570 2.0 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 950 $15.74 $16.16 $33,620 5.8 %
49-2021 Radio Mechanics 200 $20.31 $20.31 $42,240 4.0 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 1,340 $19.07 $19.89 $41,380 3.9 %
49-2091 Avionics Technicians 150 $19.57 $19.03 $39,590 2.4 %
49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers 140 $18.68 $18.59 $38,660 3.4 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 440 $19.15 $18.89 $39,300 4.1 %
49-2096 Electronic Equipment Installers and Repairers, Motor Vehicles (7) $14.09 $13.85 $28,800 5.0 %
49-2097 Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Installers and Repairers (7) $15.25 $15.20 $31,620 5.3 %
49-2098 Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers 290 $15.11 $15.57 $32,390 3.9 %
49-3011 Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians 500 $20.00 $20.16 $41,920 2.7 %
49-3021 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 820 $19.30 $20.41 $42,450 4.0 %
49-3022 Automotive Glass Installers and Repairers (7) $15.10 $15.42 $32,070 8.5 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 4,280 $16.20 $16.49 $34,310 2.4 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 1,080 $15.78 $16.05 $33,390 2.1 %
49-3041 Farm Equipment Mechanics (7) $13.14 $13.54 $28,160 4.7 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 650 $17.22 $16.75 $34,830 2.3 %
49-3051 Motorboat Mechanics 190 $14.89 $14.70 $30,570 6.3 %
49-3052 Motorcycle Mechanics 130 $19.09 $18.54 $38,560 11.9 %
49-3053 Outdoor Power Equipment and Other Small Engine Mechanics 70 $13.44 $13.19 $27,440 3.2 %
49-3092 Recreational Vehicle Service Technicians 40 $13.80 $12.64 $26,290 6.2 %
49-3093 Tire Repairers and Changers 360 $8.02 $8.28 $17,220 4.4 %
49-9011 Mechanical Door Repairers 140 $16.43 $18.05 $37,550 19.1 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 1,990 $15.72 $15.68 $32,620 2.9 %
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers 260 $10.44 $16.22 $33,740 15.2 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 950 $17.86 $18.00 $37,440 2.1 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 6,740 $12.39 $13.32 $27,710 2.3 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 350 $11.19 $12.74 $26,500 9.5 %
49-9044 Millwrights 480 $23.58 $22.64 $47,090 6.1 %
49-9051 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 880 $24.39 $22.36 $46,520 3.5 %
49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers 820 $15.71 $16.37 $34,050 7.4 %
49-9062 Medical Equipment Repairers 40 $17.84 $17.13 $35,630 14.6 %
49-9064 Watch Repairers (7) $9.75 $9.92 $20,630 5.5 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers 120 $14.48 $15.04 $31,270 3.9 %
49-9094 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers 130 $14.58 $14.20 $29,530 3.6 %
49-9095 Manufactured Building and Mobile Home Installers (7) $10.14 $10.81 $22,480 3.1 %
49-9096 Riggers 850 $17.91 $17.51 $36,410 2.5 %
49-9098 Helpers—Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 1,030 $8.90 $9.44 $19,640 2.6 %
Production Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 43,090 $13.24 $14.45 $30,060 3.7 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 3,190 $22.57 $22.97 $47,770 2.0 %
51-2023 Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers (7) $10.98 $12.16 $25,280 8.9 %
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters 560 $17.14 $16.45 $34,220 4.5 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 3,670 $10.80 $11.15 $23,180 1.7 %
51-3011 Bakers 380 $9.28 $9.25 $19,240 2.5 %
51-3021 Butchers and Meat Cutters 470 $13.49 $13.46 $28,000 2.1 %
51-3022 Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers (7) $9.00 $8.80 $18,310 3.7 %
51-3091 Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders 170 $12.72 $12.64 $26,290 2.9 %
51-3092 Food Batchmakers 100 $11.96 $11.15 $23,190 3.5 %
51-3093 Food Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders (7) $10.00 $10.05 $20,900 3.2 %
51-4011 Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic 320 $16.10 $16.45 $34,210 2.1 %
51-4012 Numerical Tool and Process Control Programmers 80 $13.76 $16.05 $33,370 5.5 %
51-4021 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 360 $12.20 $11.73 $24,400 7.1 %
51-4022 Forging Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 190 $8.23 $9.10 $18,930 7.9 %
51-4023 Rolling Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 290 $23.03 $20.36 $42,340 4.5 %
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 480 $11.84 $12.44 $25,880 2.6 %
51-4032 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 110 $14.28 $13.83 $28,770 4.0 %
51-4033 Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 140 $10.87 $12.58 $26,160 11.6 %
51-4034 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (7) $16.14 $16.12 $33,540 3.8 %
51-4035 Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 60 $13.14 $13.71 $28,520 8.5 %
51-4041 Machinists 2,730 $16.20 $15.98 $33,230 1.7 %
51-4051 Metal-Refining Furnace Operators and Tenders 130 $16.43 $16.39 $34,090 4.6 %
51-4072 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 380 $14.10 $14.38 $29,910 4.2 %
51-4111 Tool and Die Makers 200 $21.33 $22.24 $46,260 6.7 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 2,890 $17.35 $17.08 $35,530 2.6 %
51-4122 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 290 $17.22 $16.62 $34,570 5.5 %
51-4191 Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 30 $15.18 $15.12 $31,440 5.7 %
51-4192 Lay-Out Workers, Metal and Plastic 170 $15.57 $15.55 $32,340 2.0 %
51-4193 Plating and Coating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 50 $12.59 $12.94 $26,910 2.4 %
51-4194 Tool Grinders, Filers, and Sharpeners (7) $10.06 $10.94 $22,750 7.9 %
51-5011 Bindery Workers 80 $8.21 $9.49 $19,740 10.3 %
51-5021 Job Printers 80 $14.65 $16.56 $34,440 11.3 %
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers 180 $14.52 $14.74 $30,660 4.9 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 510 $12.00 $12.39 $25,770 2.7 %
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 1,400 $7.74 $7.97 $16,570 5.2 %
51-6021 Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 340 $7.53 $7.87 $16,380 4.1 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators 430 $8.34 $8.75 $18,200 3.8 %
51-6052 Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers (7) $8.84 $9.00 $18,720 4.4 %
51-6093 Upholsterers (7) $9.91 $13.33 $27,730 15.2 %
51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 250 $13.63 $14.28 $29,700 2.6 %
51-7021 Furniture Finishers 80 $10.22 $10.36 $21,550 4.5 %
51-7041 Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood 130 $9.79 $10.08 $20,960 7.6 %
51-7042 Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing 320 $10.20 $10.50 $21,840 3.7 %
51-8012 Power Distributors and Dispatchers (7) $22.24 $23.04 $47,930 5.3 %
51-8013 Power Plant Operators 130 $20.08 $20.48 $42,600 3.7 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 240 $18.23 $17.90 $37,220 4.1 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 460 $17.64 $17.58 $36,570 3.2 %
51-8091 Chemical Plant and System Operators 290 $18.74 $18.77 $39,030 6.6 %
51-9021 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 250 $13.21 $13.52 $28,130 5.1 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 280 $11.10 $13.22 $27,500 5.9 %
51-9031 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 160 $8.60 $14.63 $30,430 9.6 %
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 170 $14.10 $14.10 $29,320 13.8 %
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 350 $12.73 $13.39 $27,850 4.0 %
51-9051 Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders 240 $13.50 $14.19 $29,520 3.5 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 2,570 $16.77 $17.24 $35,850 5.0 %
51-9071 Jewelers and Precious Stone and Metal Workers (7) $10.09 $10.79 $22,440 13.9 %
51-9081 Dental Laboratory Technicians 220 $13.24 $16.89 $35,140 12.8 %
51-9083 Ophthalmic Laboratory Technicians (7) $9.06 $10.76 $22,390 9.1 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 2,530 $10.90 $13.08 $27,200 13.7 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 490 $16.29 $16.20 $33,700 10.1 %
51-9122 Painters, Transportation Equipment 620 $15.96 $17.37 $36,130 6.8 %
51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers (7) $12.50 $12.86 $26,750 11.3 %
51-9131 Photographic Process Workers 140 $9.57 $10.59 $22,030 4.1 %
51-9132 Photographic Processing Machine Operators 220 $9.07 $9.51 $19,790 3.9 %
51-9193 Cooling and Freezing Equipment Operators and Tenders (7) $9.85 $9.79 $20,360 3.0 %
51-9195 Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic 180 $8.71 $9.87 $20,530 5.4 %
51-9196 Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 560 $15.79 $16.36 $34,020 9.7 %
51-9198 Helpers—Production Workers 2,370 $8.74 $9.85 $20,500 4.8 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 52,950 $10.26 $12.24 $25,450 2.4 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 890 $19.40 $19.43 $40,410 2.1 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 1,120 $18.71 $20.59 $42,830 2.6 %
53-2011 Airline Pilots, Copilots, and Flight Engineers (7) (4) (4) $46,870 15.0 %
53-2012 Commercial Pilots 90 (4) (4) $40,170 13.6 %
53-2021 Air Traffic Controllers 90 $43.83 $40.86 $84,990 4.9 %
53-3021 Bus Drivers, Transit and Intercity 1,030 $11.16 $10.93 $22,730 4.7 %
53-3022 Bus Drivers, School 3,310 $8.70 $9.04 $18,810 5.0 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 3,650 $7.09 $8.56 $17,800 6.2 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 6,030 $12.49 $13.83 $28,770 3.9 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light Or Delivery Services 5,440 $10.29 $11.40 $23,710 4.9 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 570 $8.66 $8.73 $18,150 2.5 %
53-5011 Sailors and Marine Oilers 2,330 $15.62 $16.22 $33,740 5.6 %
53-5021 Captains, Mates, and Pilots of Water Vessels 1,440 $25.61 $27.44 $57,080 3.9 %
53-5022 Motorboat Operators 30 $17.87 $14.20 $29,530 13.7 %
53-5031 Ship Engineers 1,250 $24.52 $26.98 $56,120 7.3 %
53-6021 Parking Lot Attendants 380 $7.34 $7.72 $16,050 4.9 %
53-6031 Service Station Attendants 380 $7.27 $8.05 $16,750 4.1 %
53-7011 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 130 $12.12 $11.93 $24,800 3.5 %
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators 530 $18.70 $18.23 $37,910 2.3 %
53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators 300 $12.61 $12.86 $26,750 2.7 %
53-7041 Hoist and Winch Operators 70 $14.09 $14.43 $30,020 6.1 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 3,310 $11.81 $12.81 $26,630 3.3 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 1,620 $8.47 $9.58 $19,930 5.0 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 11,930 $8.60 $9.49 $19,750 3.6 %
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 520 $9.30 $11.15 $23,200 17.4 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 4,130 $7.97 $8.32 $17,310 1.8 %
53-7081 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 540 $12.87 $12.68 $26,360 8.0 %
53-7121 Tank Car, Truck, and Ship Loaders (7) $18.23 $20.32 $42,260 19.8 %

About November 2003 National, State, and Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Hourly wage rates for occupations where workers typically work fewer than 2,080 hours per year are not available.

(5) This median wage is equal to or greater than $70.00 per hour or $145,600 per year.

(7) Estimates not released.



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State estimates for:


Virginia's metropolitan area estimates:

North Carolina's metropolitan area estimates:

November 2003 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

November 2003 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

November 2003 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

November 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download November 2003 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: November 24, 2004

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