Occupational Employment Statistics

November 2003 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Reading, PA MSA


For metropolitan area definitions used by the OES survey, see the MSA definitions page.

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors in the Reading, PA MSA, a metropolitan statistical area in Pennsylvania. These and other data elements, including the 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages are available in the downloadable Excel files (XLS).

Links to OES estimates for other areas and States

SOC Major Groups in the Reading, PA MSA:

Click on the SOC code number to view an occupational profile.

All Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 159,150 $13.67 $16.41 $34,140 1.2 %
Management Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 8,250 $30.56 $35.65 $74,160 1.5 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 450 $61.40 $62.60 $130,210 3.9 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 2,290 $34.90 $41.29 $85,890 2.9 %
11-1031 Legislators (7) $6.39 $7.19 $14,960 14.2 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 60 $27.20 $35.05 $72,910 7.0 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 210 $32.41 $35.36 $73,550 3.2 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 560 $33.72 $36.74 $76,420 6.0 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers (7) $26.49 $28.46 $59,200 6.1 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 280 $26.63 $28.05 $58,340 2.9 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 250 $39.76 $41.16 $85,610 4.0 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 800 $29.33 $33.64 $69,970 4.4 %
11-3040 Human Resources Managers 200 $27.94 $32.22 $67,020 3.1 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 290 $33.17 $35.17 $73,160 2.9 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 130 $29.66 $31.98 $66,520 3.6 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 140 $28.00 $29.37 $61,090 4.6 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 280 $32.25 $34.26 $71,270 7.3 %
11-9031 Education Administrators, Preschool and Child Care Center/Program 120 $11.02 $14.06 $29,250 14.0 %
11-9032 Education Administrators, Elementary and Secondary School 260 (4) (4) $77,490 3.1 %
11-9033 Education Administrators, Postsecondary 180 $29.68 $30.18 $62,770 6.4 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 130 $40.85 $40.28 $83,790 2.4 %
11-9051 Food Service Managers 160 $20.65 $20.50 $42,630 5.3 %
11-9061 Funeral Directors (7) $21.11 $21.37 $44,450 4.5 %
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 270 $28.34 $32.77 $68,150 4.7 %
11-9131 Postmasters and Mail Superintendents 40 $25.42 $25.64 $53,340 (7)
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers (7) $25.93 $26.52 $55,160 6.6 %
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers 200 $21.66 $22.64 $47,080 3.8 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 4,580 $21.88 $25.49 $53,020 3.4 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 180 $19.61 $21.10 $43,880 4.4 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 270 $22.32 $23.42 $48,700 1.9 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 90 $20.87 $22.71 $47,230 3.5 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 260 $22.49 $22.54 $46,880 3.3 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 160 $17.88 $19.42 $40,400 3.1 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 110 $21.24 $22.52 $46,850 3.7 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 140 $20.98 $21.81 $45,360 2.5 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 300 $41.19 $53.80 $111,900 11.8 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 1,050 $21.88 $23.61 $49,120 2.2 %
13-2021 Appraisers and Assessors of Real Estate 30 $16.54 $23.15 $48,160 13.4 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 70 $25.90 $27.99 $58,230 8.3 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 120 $23.19 $25.65 $53,360 4.5 %
13-2052 Personal Financial Advisors 140 $33.14 $39.56 $82,290 8.1 %
13-2053 Insurance Underwriters 110 $22.68 $25.12 $52,250 6.0 %
13-2071 Loan Counselors 40 $18.88 $33.87 $70,450 16.7 %
13-2072 Loan Officers 340 $19.96 $25.25 $52,510 13.8 %
13-2081 Tax Examiners, Collectors, and Revenue Agents (7) $12.00 $14.39 $29,940 1.8 %
13-2082 Tax Preparers (7) $17.36 $17.41 $36,210 4.4 %
Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 2,050 $24.79 $25.89 $53,850 1.9 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 380 $26.71 $27.54 $57,270 2.7 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 120 $29.14 $29.82 $62,030 4.1 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 60 $37.66 $37.43 $77,840 3.8 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 450 $17.56 $18.73 $38,950 2.6 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 480 $28.43 $28.29 $58,840 2.1 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 60 (7) (7) (7) (7)
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 300 $24.84 $24.81 $51,610 2.7 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 110 $25.67 $25.97 $54,020 4.5 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 2,340 $25.58 $26.89 $55,930 2.6 %
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval 180 $28.06 $28.34 $58,950 5.8 %
17-1022 Surveyors 30 $19.06 $20.45 $42,540 3.1 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 180 $29.37 $30.96 $64,390 3.6 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 80 $30.59 $31.22 $64,930 2.4 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 60 $24.55 $28.82 $59,940 15.0 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 400 $32.84 $32.71 $68,050 3.6 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 240 $32.60 $34.68 $72,140 6.4 %
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters 180 $15.99 $17.01 $35,370 3.2 %
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters 50 $22.09 $20.83 $43,330 10.2 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 100 $19.93 $20.17 $41,950 4.1 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 130 $23.86 $22.69 $47,190 3.1 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 140 $19.64 $21.37 $44,440 2.6 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 70 $23.35 $23.38 $48,640 5.1 %
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians (7) $11.21 $11.53 $23,990 6.0 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 770 $19.82 $22.81 $47,440 5.0 %
19-2031 Chemists (7) $27.16 $26.90 $55,960 4.2 %
19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers (7) $17.12 $16.38 $34,070 4.3 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 80 $20.91 $24.63 $51,230 6.6 %
19-3031 Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists 150 $23.28 $24.85 $51,700 5.6 %
19-3051 Urban and Regional Planners (7) $28.17 $24.72 $51,420 21.0 %
19-4011 Agricultural and Food Science Technicians 50 $13.99 $14.96 $31,110 1.8 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 130 $14.77 $15.89 $33,050 3.9 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health (7) $12.35 $13.60 $28,280 10.6 %
Community and Social Services Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 2,200 $15.49 $16.42 $34,150 2.4 %
21-1012 Educational, Vocational, and School Counselors 420 $20.01 $21.65 $45,030 6.4 %
21-1015 Rehabilitation Counselors (7) $14.18 $13.11 $27,270 2.4 %
21-1021 Child, Family, and School Social Workers 370 $14.32 $15.18 $31,570 3.4 %
21-1022 Medical and Public Health Social Workers 120 $15.91 $16.37 $34,050 3.2 %
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants 210 $11.36 $11.99 $24,940 3.1 %
21-2011 Clergy 30 $15.94 $15.78 $32,820 6.5 %
Legal Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 720 $19.50 $28.88 $60,070 10.0 %
23-1011 Lawyers 310 $37.31 $43.26 $89,980 14.3 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 140 $19.25 $19.41 $40,360 3.2 %
23-2093 Title Examiners, Abstractors, and Searchers (7) $15.99 $15.90 $33,080 3.6 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 9,350 $21.00 $21.30 $44,300 2.6 %
25-1011 Business Teachers, Postsecondary 110 (4) (4) $63,950 9.5 %
25-1021 Computer Science Teachers, Postsecondary 30 (4) (4) $49,440 5.9 %
25-1042 Biological Science Teachers, Postsecondary 40 (4) (4) $58,410 5.5 %
25-1065 Political Science Teachers, Postsecondary 40 (7) (7) (7) (7)
25-1071 Health Specialties Teachers, Postsecondary 70 (4) (4) $53,490 10.3 %
25-1072 Nursing Instructors and Teachers, Postsecondary 100 (4) (4) $43,990 7.0 %
25-1081 Education Teachers, Postsecondary 140 (4) (4) $57,180 3.7 %
25-1194 Vocational Education Teachers, Postsecondary (7) $16.60 $16.43 $34,170 3.1 %
25-2011 Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education 300 $9.67 $10.23 $21,280 6.7 %
25-2012 Kindergarten Teachers, Except Special Education 130 (4) (4) $47,450 4.6 %
25-2021 Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education 1,760 (4) (4) $50,340 3.0 %
25-2022 Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Vocational Education 750 (4) (4) $50,170 2.1 %
25-2023 Vocational Education Teachers, Middle School (7) (4) (4) $53,520 4.5 %
25-2031 Secondary School Teachers, Except Special and Vocational Education 1,570 (4) (4) $49,890 2.0 %
25-2032 Vocational Education Teachers, Secondary School 480 (4) (4) $52,120 2.2 %
25-2041 Special Education Teachers, Preschool, Kindergarten, and Elementary School 410 (4) (4) $49,400 3.1 %
25-2042 Special Education Teachers, Middle School 110 (4) (4) $47,180 3.2 %
25-2043 Special Education Teachers, Secondary School 320 (4) (4) $52,550 2.1 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers (7) $6.62 $8.34 $17,360 9.2 %
25-4021 Librarians 200 $21.81 $22.51 $46,820 3.2 %
25-4031 Library Technicians 100 $10.77 $11.33 $23,560 7.0 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 90 $22.51 $23.43 $48,740 5.3 %
25-9041 Teacher Assistants 1,380 (4) (4) $18,690 2.7 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 960 $14.33 $15.20 $31,620 4.3 %
27-1023 Floral Designers 30 $10.97 $11.19 $23,280 5.5 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 170 $15.62 $16.03 $33,350 4.3 %
27-2022 Coaches and Scouts 250 (4) (4) $17,900 6.2 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 90 $18.79 $20.10 $41,810 3.2 %
27-3041 Editors 30 $17.88 $21.47 $44,660 3.7 %
Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 7,900 $21.27 $26.83 $55,810 5.6 %
29-1011 Chiropractors (7) $14.17 $17.07 $35,500 23.0 %
29-1020 Dentists (7) $43.99 $54.17 $112,680 15.6 %
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists 80 $16.35 $17.16 $35,680 6.6 %
29-1051 Pharmacists 200 $35.34 $33.87 $70,440 3.0 %
29-1062 Family and General Practitioners 290 (5) $72.71 $151,230 15.4 %
29-1063 Internists, General (7) $66.75 $69.23 $143,990 12.9 %
29-1066 Psychiatrists (7) $67.40 $72.52 $150,840 8.7 %
29-1067 Surgeons (7) (5) $96.42 $200,550 8.8 %
29-1071 Physician Assistants 90 $26.96 $25.05 $52,090 7.1 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 2,690 $22.60 $22.07 $45,900 3.8 %
29-1122 Occupational Therapists 110 $24.93 $25.93 $53,940 7.1 %
29-1123 Physical Therapists 160 $27.51 $30.64 $63,720 7.1 %
29-1125 Recreational Therapists 70 $21.00 $19.58 $40,720 6.4 %
29-1126 Respiratory Therapists 160 $19.00 $18.87 $39,240 1.5 %
29-1127 Speech-Language Pathologists 130 $27.50 $27.56 $57,320 4.0 %
29-1131 Veterinarians 110 $33.98 $34.86 $72,500 4.8 %
29-2011 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 190 $19.57 $19.16 $39,860 6.8 %
29-2012 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 120 (7) (7) (7) (7)
29-2021 Dental Hygienists 230 $24.84 $23.75 $49,410 4.9 %
29-2031 Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians 50 $24.46 $22.62 $47,050 11.5 %
29-2032 Diagnostic Medical Sonographers 40 $21.71 $22.68 $47,170 3.1 %
29-2034 Radiologic Technologists and Technicians 140 $17.26 $18.01 $37,470 3.3 %
29-2041 Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics 350 $10.48 $10.60 $22,060 6.7 %
29-2052 Pharmacy Technicians 260 $10.07 $10.25 $21,330 2.9 %
29-2054 Respiratory Therapy Technicians (7) $16.75 $17.82 $37,060 6.1 %
29-2055 Surgical Technologists 70 $13.06 $13.12 $27,290 4.5 %
29-2056 Veterinary Technologists and Technicians 200 $12.65 $12.66 $26,330 3.1 %
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses 770 $17.87 $18.17 $37,800 2.4 %
29-2071 Medical Records and Health Information Technicians 90 $12.60 $12.96 $26,950 2.7 %
29-2081 Opticians, Dispensing (7) $17.01 $17.53 $36,470 3.8 %
29-9010 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists and Technicians 40 $23.43 $25.45 $52,940 3.9 %
Healthcare Support Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 3,580 $10.69 $11.14 $23,170 1.8 %
31-1011 Home Health Aides 430 $9.97 $9.86 $20,500 4.7 %
31-1012 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 1,590 $10.47 $10.71 $22,270 1.5 %
31-2021 Physical Therapist Assistants 60 $16.32 $16.67 $34,670 4.6 %
31-2022 Physical Therapist Aides (7) $10.24 $10.78 $22,420 5.9 %
31-9091 Dental Assistants 250 $10.83 $11.10 $23,100 6.5 %
31-9092 Medical Assistants 390 $10.55 $10.89 $22,640 2.3 %
31-9094 Medical Transcriptionists 180 $12.89 $12.80 $26,620 3.9 %
31-9095 Pharmacy Aides 30 $6.57 $6.86 $14,280 5.2 %
31-9096 Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers (7) $7.35 $7.79 $16,200 13.8 %
Protective Service Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 2,130 $13.78 $15.53 $32,310 8.2 %
33-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Police and Detectives 90 $24.77 $25.44 $52,900 4.3 %
33-3021 Detectives and Criminal Investigators 90 $19.23 $18.19 $37,840 8.1 %
33-3051 Police and Sheriff's Patrol Officers 450 $22.43 $22.73 $47,270 5.2 %
33-9032 Security Guards 740 $9.53 $10.06 $20,930 3.5 %
33-9091 Crossing Guards (7) $8.39 $8.84 $18,380 7.4 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 12,570 $7.18 $8.12 $16,880 2.8 %
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 100 $14.37 $16.11 $33,510 6.2 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 690 $13.24 $13.88 $28,870 3.4 %
35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food 230 $6.70 $7.16 $14,900 5.1 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 520 $11.70 $11.15 $23,200 2.5 %
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant 630 $9.69 $9.91 $20,620 2.6 %
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order 250 $8.51 $8.80 $18,290 4.4 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 1,180 $7.51 $7.84 $16,300 4.0 %
35-3011 Bartenders 980 $7.20 $8.02 $16,680 6.7 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 3,170 $6.56 $6.85 $14,250 2.5 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 650 $6.38 $6.45 $13,410 2.2 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses 2,910 $7.03 $7.66 $15,930 5.7 %
35-3041 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant (7) $7.20 $7.97 $16,570 9.2 %
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 270 $7.12 $8.47 $17,610 6.8 %
35-9021 Dishwashers 510 $6.71 $6.94 $14,430 2.6 %
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop 180 $7.65 $7.69 $16,000 2.8 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 5,040 $8.86 $9.82 $20,420 2.6 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 150 $17.88 $17.58 $36,560 5.1 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 80 $15.49 $15.96 $33,200 6.0 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 2,960 $8.82 $9.34 $19,420 2.8 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 660 $7.81 $7.85 $16,330 2.9 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 1,070 $9.64 $10.33 $21,490 7.0 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 3,790 $8.80 $9.58 $19,930 2.6 %
39-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service Workers 110 $13.66 $15.86 $32,980 4.7 %
39-2021 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers 100 $8.21 $8.38 $17,420 3.6 %
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 390 $8.91 $8.85 $18,400 4.4 %
39-3093 Locker Room, Coatroom, and Dressing Room Attendants (7) $6.76 $7.75 $16,110 13.6 %
39-4021 Funeral Attendants (7) $15.21 $14.65 $30,470 8.8 %
39-5012 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 620 $8.88 $9.19 $19,120 6.3 %
39-5092 Manicurists and Pedicurists (7) $6.52 $7.49 $15,570 11.0 %
39-9011 Child Care Workers 650 $8.48 $8.32 $17,310 4.0 %
39-9021 Personal and Home Care Aides 640 $8.59 $9.91 $20,620 7.1 %
39-9031 Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors 270 $10.87 $11.87 $24,700 8.6 %
39-9032 Recreation Workers 250 $7.50 $8.80 $18,300 7.1 %
39-9041 Residential Advisors 120 $9.91 $10.54 $21,910 4.7 %
Sales and Related Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 17,040 $9.10 $13.28 $27,620 2.8 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 1,560 $15.77 $17.80 $37,020 3.4 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 280 (7) (7) (7) (7)
41-2011 Cashiers 4,230 $7.30 $7.63 $15,870 1.8 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 560 $7.20 $7.97 $16,590 3.8 %
41-2022 Parts Salespersons 400 $12.06 $12.86 $26,740 9.4 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 5,840 $8.22 $9.87 $20,520 3.6 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents 80 $16.37 $21.31 $44,330 13.5 %
41-3021 Insurance Sales Agents 260 $18.70 $23.94 $49,790 8.2 %
41-3031 Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents 200 (7) (7) (7) (7)
41-3041 Travel Agents 210 $13.07 $13.07 $27,190 5.3 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 230 $29.22 $32.95 $68,550 6.5 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 1,940 $22.21 $24.44 $50,840 2.7 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters 190 $8.86 $9.97 $20,730 3.5 %
41-9021 Real Estate Brokers (7) $16.86 $23.33 $48,520 22.9 %
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents 90 $23.07 $19.02 $39,560 6.2 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers (7) $24.32 $27.26 $56,700 7.5 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 440 $8.47 $9.42 $19,600 2.2 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 26,770 $11.84 $12.88 $26,800 1.6 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 1,670 $17.21 $19.77 $41,130 2.9 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 230 $9.66 $9.89 $20,570 2.3 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 350 $12.47 $12.65 $26,310 3.7 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 640 $12.63 $13.42 $27,910 2.6 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 1,950 $13.11 $13.43 $27,940 1.8 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 240 $13.17 $13.75 $28,610 2.8 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 60 $14.39 $14.01 $29,150 4.5 %
43-3071 Tellers 680 $10.33 $10.53 $21,900 1.4 %
43-4011 Brokerage Clerks 30 $11.09 $11.61 $24,140 14.8 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 1,640 $12.07 $12.54 $26,080 1.8 %
43-4071 File Clerks 260 $8.67 $9.25 $19,240 2.9 %
43-4081 Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks 160 $8.21 $8.34 $17,340 3.4 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan 270 $12.71 $12.78 $26,580 2.4 %
43-4121 Library Assistants, Clerical (7) $10.31 $11.52 $23,960 3.8 %
43-4131 Loan Interviewers and Clerks 180 $14.46 $14.11 $29,360 3.8 %
43-4141 New Accounts Clerks (7) $12.37 $12.41 $25,800 2.9 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 490 $14.46 $14.66 $30,500 4.2 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 210 $14.47 $15.51 $32,250 2.4 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 1,280 $9.91 $10.15 $21,110 7.6 %
43-4181 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks (7) $9.69 $9.58 $19,930 2.7 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 170 $8.09 $8.27 $17,200 4.5 %
43-5031 Police, Fire, and Ambulance Dispatchers 130 $12.18 $12.34 $25,670 2.4 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 160 $12.96 $14.22 $29,580 6.2 %
43-5041 Meter Readers, Utilities 80 $21.05 $20.55 $42,750 4.6 %
43-5051 Postal Service Clerks 100 $19.97 $20.25 $42,110 (7)
43-5052 Postal Service Mail Carriers 460 $21.67 $20.86 $43,380 (7)
43-5053 Postal Service Mail Sorters, Processors, and Processing Machine Operators 230 $19.19 $18.53 $38,530 (7)
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 370 $19.41 $19.64 $40,850 3.2 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 920 $12.24 $12.87 $26,780 2.1 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 2,120 $7.63 $8.54 $17,770 3.2 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 40 $11.07 $12.04 $25,040 4.5 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 1,230 $14.36 $14.95 $31,100 1.5 %
43-6012 Legal Secretaries 380 $13.86 $15.55 $32,330 4.2 %
43-6013 Medical Secretaries 540 $10.99 $11.32 $23,550 4.4 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 2,640 $12.08 $12.29 $25,570 1.8 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 200 $12.06 $13.46 $28,000 4.5 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 230 $10.72 $10.93 $22,740 4.4 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 280 $12.92 $13.68 $28,460 2.7 %
43-9041 Insurance Claims and Policy Processing Clerks 260 $15.73 $16.42 $34,160 4.7 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 3,420 $10.77 $11.41 $23,730 1.5 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer (7) $9.73 $10.20 $21,230 2.7 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 260 $8.34 $9.66 $20,100 9.6 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 180 $7.44 $8.42 $17,510 11.6 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 6,660 $17.04 $17.50 $36,400 1.7 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 740 $20.30 $21.68 $45,090 3.1 %
47-2021 Brickmasons and Blockmasons (7) $19.98 $20.71 $43,070 9.8 %
47-2031 Carpenters 660 $15.67 $15.28 $31,780 8.3 %
47-2051 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers 260 $18.94 $18.63 $38,740 7.2 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 1,110 $15.37 $16.17 $33,630 2.8 %
47-2071 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 70 $16.46 $16.57 $34,460 4.3 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 480 $17.55 $18.93 $39,380 5.0 %
47-2111 Electricians 600 $18.36 $19.08 $39,680 5.9 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 200 $13.71 $14.35 $29,850 5.8 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 570 $18.23 $19.60 $40,780 4.9 %
47-2181 Roofers (7) $13.00 $15.07 $31,350 11.3 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 140 $23.91 $22.66 $47,130 4.4 %
47-2221 Structural Iron and Steel Workers (7) $16.17 $16.82 $34,990 6.6 %
47-3011 Helpers—Brickmasons, Blockmasons, Stonemasons, and Tile and Marble Setters (7) $12.35 $13.50 $28,090 19.6 %
47-3012 Helpers—Carpenters 40 $12.00 $11.61 $24,140 5.7 %
47-3013 Helpers—Electricians 50 $14.31 $14.13 $29,390 7.3 %
47-3014 Helpers—Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons (7) $6.59 $6.99 $14,540 14.1 %
47-3015 Helpers—Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 30 $13.31 $13.36 $27,790 7.7 %
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors 170 $17.51 $17.45 $36,300 1.9 %
47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 30 $17.63 $21.48 $44,670 13.2 %
47-4051 Highway Maintenance Workers 230 $16.20 $15.79 $32,840 10.3 %
47-4071 Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners (7) $14.02 $13.95 $29,010 3.4 %
47-5021 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas 50 $16.51 $17.00 $35,360 5.8 %
47-5081 Helpers—Extraction Workers (7) $16.59 $16.38 $34,080 4.0 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 7,260 $16.72 $17.46 $36,310 1.8 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 590 $23.92 $25.66 $53,360 2.6 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers (7) $20.07 $20.92 $43,520 4.7 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 170 $24.14 $23.59 $49,060 3.6 %
49-2098 Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers (7) $14.23 $15.74 $32,740 5.0 %
49-3021 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 310 $15.97 $15.69 $32,630 3.2 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 970 $16.01 $16.26 $33,820 5.3 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 510 $17.26 $17.47 $36,340 2.7 %
49-3041 Farm Equipment Mechanics 40 $13.26 $13.15 $27,340 7.9 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 140 $16.99 $17.58 $36,570 3.0 %
49-3092 Recreational Vehicle Service Technicians 40 $13.79 $13.84 $28,790 4.1 %
49-3093 Tire Repairers and Changers (7) $10.20 $10.62 $22,080 4.8 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 340 $16.87 $17.44 $36,270 1.9 %
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers 70 $22.88 $20.56 $42,760 14.3 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 550 $17.46 $18.15 $37,750 3.4 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 2,100 $15.23 $15.16 $31,530 2.2 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 110 $15.33 $15.76 $32,780 5.3 %
49-9044 Millwrights 80 $18.06 $18.31 $38,090 5.9 %
49-9051 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers (7) $26.71 $27.10 $56,370 6.2 %
49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers 150 $21.64 $20.01 $41,620 8.6 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers (7) $17.01 $16.99 $35,330 2.1 %
49-9098 Helpers—Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 180 $9.31 $11.25 $23,390 7.9 %
Production Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 19,960 $14.96 $15.14 $31,490 2.9 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 1,250 $20.50 $21.66 $45,050 1.9 %
51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 430 $14.50 $13.55 $28,180 5.9 %
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters 190 $15.26 $15.25 $31,730 3.6 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 1,110 $11.09 $12.05 $25,060 3.0 %
51-3011 Bakers 240 $10.42 $11.24 $23,370 3.7 %
51-3021 Butchers and Meat Cutters 130 $12.96 $13.46 $28,000 5.6 %
51-3022 Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers 70 $10.07 $10.24 $21,290 2.7 %
51-3023 Slaughterers and Meat Packers (7) $11.98 $12.01 $24,970 2.4 %
51-3092 Food Batchmakers 390 $11.38 $11.44 $23,790 3.3 %
51-4011 Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic 180 $15.20 $15.52 $32,270 10.2 %
51-4012 Numerical Tool and Process Control Programmers 40 $16.73 $16.99 $35,330 4.2 %
51-4021 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 290 $19.51 $19.11 $39,750 3.4 %
51-4022 Forging Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 50 $14.23 $13.84 $28,780 4.2 %
51-4023 Rolling Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 80 $18.49 $19.67 $40,920 4.6 %
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 550 $14.85 $14.91 $31,000 3.1 %
51-4032 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 80 $19.20 $17.64 $36,690 7.9 %
51-4033 Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 500 $15.19 $15.32 $31,870 5.2 %
51-4034 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 40 $16.21 $15.62 $32,490 8.4 %
51-4041 Machinists 480 $16.59 $16.66 $34,650 3.8 %
51-4052 Pourers and Casters, Metal 80 $15.89 $15.89 $33,050 13.0 %
51-4071 Foundry Mold and Coremakers 130 $12.26 $12.97 $26,980 8.3 %
51-4072 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 560 $15.12 $14.36 $29,870 3.6 %
51-4111 Tool and Die Makers 120 $19.84 $19.12 $39,770 3.8 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 670 $15.86 $16.56 $34,440 2.8 %
51-4193 Plating and Coating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 170 $11.77 $12.40 $25,800 4.5 %
51-4194 Tool Grinders, Filers, and Sharpeners 30 $12.74 $13.43 $27,930 7.8 %
51-5011 Bindery Workers 180 $10.27 $10.22 $21,250 3.8 %
51-5021 Job Printers (7) $12.33 $13.20 $27,450 4.7 %
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers 80 $12.93 $13.16 $27,360 8.5 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 160 $12.97 $13.64 $28,370 4.7 %
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 130 $7.67 $8.35 $17,360 5.9 %
51-6021 Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 100 $9.71 $9.73 $20,240 3.8 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators 490 $9.23 $9.67 $20,110 2.9 %
51-6062 Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 40 $9.10 $9.26 $19,260 4.7 %
51-6063 Textile Knitting and Weaving Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 120 $12.45 $11.99 $24,950 4.6 %
51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 240 $15.05 $14.56 $30,280 10.8 %
51-7021 Furniture Finishers 30 (7) (7) (7) (7)
51-7042 Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing 70 $13.75 $13.87 $28,850 5.1 %
51-8013 Power Plant Operators (7) $20.20 $21.35 $44,410 7.4 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 240 $16.30 $16.85 $35,060 2.6 %
51-8091 Chemical Plant and System Operators (7) $13.32 $14.91 $31,020 9.4 %
51-9011 Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders 50 $14.28 $14.45 $30,060 8.0 %
51-9012 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 110 $12.96 $13.09 $27,220 3.6 %
51-9021 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 110 $12.29 $13.29 $27,640 8.6 %
51-9022 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 80 $10.81 $12.52 $26,040 8.7 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 290 $13.50 $13.49 $28,060 3.0 %
51-9031 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 50 $10.63 $10.36 $21,540 4.0 %
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (7) $14.32 $13.89 $28,890 4.0 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 840 $14.83 $15.26 $31,730 2.6 %
51-9081 Dental Laboratory Technicians 60 $11.38 $13.43 $27,940 11.2 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 820 $12.06 $11.85 $24,650 3.1 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 70 $14.67 $14.25 $29,630 3.0 %
51-9122 Painters, Transportation Equipment 90 $13.32 $13.36 $27,790 6.4 %
51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers 90 $12.55 $12.41 $25,820 7.3 %
51-9132 Photographic Processing Machine Operators 80 $8.26 $8.71 $18,110 2.9 %
51-9192 Cleaning, Washing, and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 70 $14.16 $14.92 $31,040 7.3 %
51-9196 Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 220 $13.76 $13.66 $28,410 2.7 %
51-9198 Helpers—Production Workers 860 $11.34 $12.17 $25,310 5.5 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 14,990 $13.10 $13.49 $28,070 1.6 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 180 $19.31 $20.42 $42,480 3.5 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 300 $20.71 $22.24 $46,270 2.8 %
53-2011 Airline Pilots, Copilots, and Flight Engineers 60 (4) (4) $69,210 7.8 %
53-3022 Bus Drivers, School 800 $12.47 $12.44 $25,880 2.8 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 390 $10.17 $12.42 $25,840 9.9 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 2,800 $16.07 $16.46 $34,230 1.7 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light Or Delivery Services 1,290 $13.18 $13.92 $28,950 5.5 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs (7) $8.04 $8.27 $17,190 2.4 %
53-6031 Service Station Attendants 60 $7.10 $8.46 $17,600 5.7 %
53-7011 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 80 $13.68 $15.46 $32,160 4.5 %
53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators 140 $17.93 $18.84 $39,180 4.5 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 1,900 $14.44 $14.13 $29,400 1.9 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 420 $9.41 $9.25 $19,240 4.4 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 3,010 $11.19 $11.56 $24,040 2.9 %
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 250 $16.48 $16.16 $33,620 4.2 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 2,180 $10.58 $10.73 $22,310 3.2 %
53-7081 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 160 $13.51 $14.79 $30,760 11.5 %

About November 2003 National, State, and Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Hourly wage rates for occupations where workers typically work fewer than 2,080 hours per year are not available.

(5) This median wage is equal to or greater than $70.00 per hour or $145,600 per year.

(7) Estimates not released.



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State estimates for Pennsylvania


Pennsylvania's metropolitan area estimates:

November 2003 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

November 2003 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

November 2003 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

November 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download November 2003 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: November 24, 2004

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