Occupational Employment Statistics

November 2003 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Roanoke, VA MSA


For metropolitan area definitions used by the OES survey, see the MSA definitions page.

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors in the Roanoke, VA MSA, a metropolitan statistical area in Virginia. These and other data elements, including the 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages are available in the downloadable Excel files (XLS).

Links to OES estimates for other areas and States

SOC Major Groups in the Roanoke, VA MSA:

Click on the SOC code number to view an occupational profile.

All Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 136,810 $12.40 $15.73 $32,720 1.7 %
Management Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 5,220 $32.92 $37.12 $77,220 2.0 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 220 $52.98 $56.24 $116,970 4.8 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 1,740 $34.45 $41.90 $87,150 3.4 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 40 $25.99 $32.34 $67,270 12.2 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 120 $40.73 $43.28 $90,010 3.9 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 200 $31.74 $35.17 $73,150 3.5 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 170 $25.28 $28.02 $58,280 5.8 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 260 $35.95 $38.67 $80,430 5.8 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 380 $41.49 $42.61 $88,620 3.0 %
11-3040 Human Resources Managers 120 $34.00 $34.81 $72,400 5.3 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 130 $29.82 $32.21 $66,990 3.9 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 40 $29.23 $35.41 $73,650 7.6 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 70 $29.51 $31.65 $65,840 4.0 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 160 $30.35 $35.31 $73,440 5.3 %
11-9031 Education Administrators, Preschool and Child Care Center/Program 30 $12.65 $13.41 $27,900 4.9 %
11-9032 Education Administrators, Elementary and Secondary School 160 (4) (4) $68,660 2.1 %
11-9033 Education Administrators, Postsecondary (7) $18.35 $22.91 $47,650 6.3 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 170 $35.12 $37.86 $78,750 6.1 %
11-9051 Food Service Managers 240 $22.07 $21.46 $44,630 4.9 %
11-9081 Lodging Managers 40 $14.34 $16.79 $34,920 3.6 %
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 170 $39.50 $43.05 $89,540 3.6 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 160 $16.64 $19.83 $41,250 12.3 %
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers 90 $23.48 $24.49 $50,940 3.9 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 5,140 $21.79 $24.29 $50,520 2.1 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 170 $20.60 $21.26 $44,220 4.5 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 210 $19.14 $19.99 $41,580 2.8 %
13-1031 Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 360 $20.78 $21.54 $44,810 2.8 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 140 $18.98 $21.26 $44,210 5.3 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 180 $22.08 $22.84 $47,510 3.7 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 130 $18.04 $18.86 $39,220 4.1 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 70 $18.69 $20.51 $42,660 4.3 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 320 $20.04 $21.50 $44,720 3.8 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 760 $21.56 $24.36 $50,670 2.9 %
13-2021 Appraisers and Assessors of Real Estate 110 $19.41 $19.73 $41,030 1.5 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 50 $21.28 $21.94 $45,640 2.8 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 40 $22.21 $22.97 $47,770 6.1 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 130 $26.41 $32.06 $66,690 13.8 %
13-2052 Personal Financial Advisors 180 $29.05 $38.61 $80,310 13.4 %
13-2053 Insurance Underwriters (7) $20.14 $22.48 $46,750 4.8 %
13-2072 Loan Officers 290 $25.20 $28.54 $59,350 8.1 %
13-2081 Tax Examiners, Collectors, and Revenue Agents 80 $19.66 $21.32 $44,350 1.4 %
13-2082 Tax Preparers (7) $10.85 $14.54 $30,250 6.7 %
Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 3,210 $27.10 $28.76 $59,810 3.1 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 370 $24.07 $25.17 $52,360 4.3 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications (7) $35.36 $37.08 $77,130 4.4 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 550 $32.65 $34.34 $71,420 5.3 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 500 $13.70 $15.34 $31,910 7.0 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 330 $27.10 $28.55 $59,380 2.5 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 90 $20.88 $24.33 $50,620 5.6 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 270 $25.00 $25.40 $52,830 2.4 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 150 $22.14 $24.27 $50,480 2.4 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts (7) $34.88 $35.70 $74,250 3.0 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 2,250 $24.20 $26.06 $54,200 4.0 %
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval 120 $34.03 $31.76 $66,060 4.5 %
17-1022 Surveyors 80 $17.64 $19.42 $40,400 8.8 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 170 $24.38 $25.86 $53,800 4.2 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 270 $30.56 $34.86 $72,510 5.9 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 50 $30.70 $31.25 $64,990 9.7 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 60 $22.76 $24.31 $50,560 3.0 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 100 $24.47 $24.00 $49,920 1.8 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 220 $26.16 $28.25 $58,760 4.1 %
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters 100 $16.26 $16.51 $34,350 3.2 %
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters 30 $18.56 $20.13 $41,870 6.6 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 50 $14.54 $16.05 $33,390 3.0 %
17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians 180 $14.85 $14.92 $31,040 3.5 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 150 $21.28 $20.59 $42,830 4.3 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 40 $19.98 $21.49 $44,690 7.6 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 590 $21.66 $24.42 $50,800 4.6 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 40 $19.50 $20.21 $42,040 5.8 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 230 $21.08 $24.50 $50,970 10.1 %
19-3031 Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists 50 $28.86 $30.55 $63,550 7.1 %
19-3051 Urban and Regional Planners 50 $18.92 $21.41 $44,540 1.7 %
Community and Social Services Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 1,520 $15.46 $16.16 $33,610 2.3 %
21-1012 Educational, Vocational, and School Counselors 170 $19.69 $20.45 $42,540 5.9 %
21-1014 Mental Health Counselors 130 $14.52 $14.78 $30,740 8.3 %
21-1015 Rehabilitation Counselors 120 $13.14 $14.08 $29,290 2.1 %
21-1021 Child, Family, and School Social Workers 320 $15.22 $15.32 $31,870 1.5 %
21-1022 Medical and Public Health Social Workers 60 $13.11 $13.84 $28,780 3.9 %
21-1023 Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers 50 $18.59 $18.16 $37,770 1.7 %
21-1091 Health Educators 60 $18.22 $17.19 $35,750 6.0 %
21-1092 Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists 150 $15.32 $15.82 $32,910 1.5 %
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants 100 $10.13 $11.01 $22,890 2.9 %
21-2011 Clergy 40 $10.59 $15.48 $32,200 6.0 %
Legal Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 900 $23.10 $28.59 $59,470 5.1 %
23-1011 Lawyers 350 $35.50 $43.84 $91,190 6.8 %
23-1021 Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers 40 $37.70 $39.26 $81,670 2.1 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 240 $14.36 $15.58 $32,400 4.3 %
23-2093 Title Examiners, Abstractors, and Searchers 30 $12.94 $12.76 $26,530 2.0 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 6,890 $16.88 $18.25 $37,960 4.7 %
25-1123 English Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary 50 (4) (4) $48,130 3.5 %
25-2011 Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education 390 $8.18 $9.45 $19,660 11.5 %
25-2022 Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Vocational Education 720 (4) (4) $52,270 5.7 %
25-2031 Secondary School Teachers, Except Special and Vocational Education 800 (4) (4) $52,490 5.5 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 90 $12.60 $13.26 $27,580 4.2 %
25-4021 Librarians 160 $22.37 $22.51 $46,820 4.9 %
25-4031 Library Technicians 110 $10.83 $10.67 $22,190 4.3 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 50 $20.21 $19.40 $40,350 9.1 %
25-9041 Teacher Assistants 1,170 (4) (4) $17,770 5.8 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 1,620 $14.02 $16.51 $34,330 4.7 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 60 $20.45 $21.69 $45,110 5.2 %
27-1023 Floral Designers 100 $8.64 $8.54 $17,770 4.4 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 180 $14.42 $15.26 $31,740 5.2 %
27-1025 Interior Designers 50 $15.42 $15.81 $32,890 4.4 %
27-1026 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers (7) $13.74 $11.98 $24,920 2.5 %
27-2012 Producers and Directors 70 (4) (4) $38,070 11.1 %
27-2022 Coaches and Scouts 90 (4) (4) $32,580 12.9 %
27-3010 Announcers 110 $8.68 $10.52 $21,880 11.6 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 140 $18.45 $19.56 $40,690 3.3 %
27-3041 Editors 80 $18.80 $21.88 $45,510 4.5 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 100 $24.30 $27.00 $56,150 9.3 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 40 $17.36 $24.76 $51,510 24.5 %
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians (7) $8.93 $14.08 $29,280 19.1 %
27-4012 Broadcast Technicians 50 $11.55 $17.09 $35,540 27.6 %
27-4021 Photographers 70 $9.32 $12.15 $25,280 10.8 %
Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 7,820 $20.15 $25.29 $52,600 3.7 %
29-1020 Dentists (7) (5) $79.77 $165,920 13.5 %
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists 50 $19.83 $19.58 $40,720 2.8 %
29-1051 Pharmacists 300 $37.72 $35.85 $74,570 2.3 %
29-1062 Family and General Practitioners 100 $69.41 $75.55 $157,140 10.8 %
29-1063 Internists, General (7) $41.85 $45.27 $94,160 15.0 %
29-1065 Pediatricians, General (7) (5) $86.97 $180,890 10.3 %
29-1067 Surgeons (7) (5) $96.95 $201,660 11.1 %
29-1071 Physician Assistants (7) $30.95 $31.32 $65,140 8.0 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 2,830 $22.00 $22.43 $46,660 2.2 %
29-1122 Occupational Therapists 110 $25.49 $25.68 $53,410 3.5 %
29-1123 Physical Therapists 130 $28.85 $28.31 $58,880 1.7 %
29-1127 Speech-Language Pathologists 90 $22.65 $24.19 $50,310 3.6 %
29-1131 Veterinarians 70 $30.55 $31.31 $65,120 4.8 %
29-2012 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 200 $14.65 $14.21 $29,560 3.0 %
29-2021 Dental Hygienists (7) $23.98 $23.24 $48,340 5.3 %
29-2031 Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians 100 $12.51 $14.45 $30,060 4.1 %
29-2041 Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics 210 $12.89 $12.73 $26,480 2.8 %
29-2051 Dietetic Technicians (7) $8.69 $9.26 $19,270 5.0 %
29-2052 Pharmacy Technicians 280 $10.74 $10.93 $22,730 3.1 %
29-2056 Veterinary Technologists and Technicians 40 $10.01 $10.39 $21,610 6.4 %
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses 1,080 $14.57 $14.66 $30,500 1.2 %
29-2071 Medical Records and Health Information Technicians 190 $12.89 $13.62 $28,340 4.0 %
29-2081 Opticians, Dispensing 30 $14.00 $14.53 $30,220 7.1 %
29-9010 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists and Technicians 60 $23.23 $24.39 $50,730 6.3 %
Healthcare Support Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 3,870 $9.92 $10.23 $21,280 2.0 %
31-1011 Home Health Aides 300 $8.58 $8.97 $18,660 6.5 %
31-1012 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 1,880 $9.40 $9.52 $19,800 2.5 %
31-2011 Occupational Therapist Assistants 50 $16.15 $15.04 $31,280 8.2 %
31-2021 Physical Therapist Assistants 70 $18.70 $18.48 $38,430 1.7 %
31-2022 Physical Therapist Aides 30 $9.82 $9.71 $20,200 3.0 %
31-9091 Dental Assistants 330 $11.22 $11.42 $23,760 3.0 %
31-9092 Medical Assistants 460 $10.41 $10.80 $22,470 5.6 %
31-9094 Medical Transcriptionists 150 $12.00 $11.97 $24,900 2.8 %
31-9096 Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers 90 $9.18 $9.17 $19,070 7.4 %
Protective Service Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 2,750 $14.81 $15.11 $31,430 6.1 %
33-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Police and Detectives 110 $26.47 $27.51 $57,230 1.6 %
33-3021 Detectives and Criminal Investigators 100 $23.56 $25.24 $52,500 1.8 %
33-9021 Private Detectives and Investigators (7) $13.66 $16.25 $33,800 4.7 %
33-9032 Security Guards 790 $8.31 $8.90 $18,510 3.1 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 9,760 $6.89 $7.79 $16,190 2.0 %
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 50 $15.24 $20.61 $42,870 29.6 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 810 $11.63 $12.41 $25,810 3.3 %
35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food 440 $6.66 $7.12 $14,800 4.8 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 220 $8.56 $9.46 $19,680 3.0 %
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant 830 $8.06 $8.46 $17,600 3.1 %
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order 120 $6.69 $7.10 $14,770 6.3 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 780 $7.46 $7.64 $15,900 2.9 %
35-3011 Bartenders 130 $7.35 $8.31 $17,290 6.7 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 2,200 $6.84 $7.30 $15,190 4.1 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses 2,540 $6.31 $6.90 $14,360 4.3 %
35-3041 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant 220 $6.62 $6.80 $14,150 3.3 %
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 190 $6.11 $6.09 $12,670 3.0 %
35-9021 Dishwashers 430 $6.82 $6.80 $14,150 2.7 %
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop 480 $6.52 $6.63 $13,790 4.9 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 4,100 $8.30 $9.14 $19,010 2.2 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 190 $11.99 $13.67 $28,430 5.7 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 60 $18.24 $18.85 $39,200 3.6 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 2,380 $8.03 $8.51 $17,700 3.1 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 870 $7.75 $7.88 $16,390 2.1 %
37-2021 Pest Control Workers 80 $13.45 $15.22 $31,660 9.5 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 440 $9.32 $10.03 $20,870 2.3 %
37-3013 Tree Trimmers and Pruners 50 $11.47 $12.78 $26,580 9.7 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 2,650 $8.33 $9.77 $20,310 2.7 %
39-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service Workers 140 $15.88 $16.75 $34,840 9.4 %
39-2021 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers 100 $7.63 $7.49 $15,580 3.5 %
39-3031 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 140 $6.32 $6.38 $13,280 4.3 %
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 90 $7.31 $9.66 $20,100 3.7 %
39-5012 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 430 $9.37 $9.70 $20,180 7.3 %
39-5092 Manicurists and Pedicurists 30 $7.57 $9.87 $20,520 16.4 %
39-6011 Baggage Porters and Bellhops 40 (7) (7) (7) (7)
39-9011 Child Care Workers 560 $7.25 $7.59 $15,800 3.9 %
39-9021 Personal and Home Care Aides 190 $7.81 $8.16 $16,980 2.7 %
39-9031 Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors 350 $12.73 $12.79 $26,600 2.1 %
39-9032 Recreation Workers 180 $8.55 $9.57 $19,910 3.9 %
Sales and Related Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 16,610 $10.16 $14.29 $29,720 3.3 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 1,380 $14.31 $15.45 $32,130 2.8 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 500 $27.35 $32.78 $68,180 6.8 %
41-2011 Cashiers 4,120 $7.47 $7.67 $15,950 1.6 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 440 $8.88 $10.83 $22,530 5.1 %
41-2022 Parts Salespersons 200 $12.36 $12.59 $26,190 3.5 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 4,590 $8.32 $9.47 $19,690 2.0 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents 230 $20.09 $21.62 $44,960 7.3 %
41-3021 Insurance Sales Agents 680 $22.69 $22.09 $45,950 14.5 %
41-3031 Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents 330 $20.63 $26.71 $55,570 9.6 %
41-3041 Travel Agents 50 $10.90 $11.62 $24,180 16.2 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 330 $21.05 $29.89 $62,170 12.1 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 2,120 $20.19 $23.73 $49,350 4.8 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters 80 $11.36 $12.69 $26,390 5.4 %
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents 110 $14.52 $16.63 $34,580 10.9 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers 130 $29.39 $29.24 $60,820 6.4 %
41-9041 Telemarketers (7) $9.18 $9.95 $20,690 3.0 %
41-9091 Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers (7) $10.05 $10.33 $21,500 7.5 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 26,330 $11.26 $12.28 $25,550 1.0 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 1,450 $17.63 $19.09 $39,700 2.2 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 270 $8.86 $9.38 $19,500 4.1 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 700 $13.83 $14.27 $29,670 10.4 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 600 $10.73 $11.41 $23,730 2.3 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 2,130 $11.37 $11.92 $24,790 2.1 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 230 $11.86 $12.48 $25,950 3.3 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 40 $12.26 $13.02 $27,090 3.4 %
43-3071 Tellers 340 $10.50 $10.72 $22,290 1.6 %
43-4031 Court, Municipal, and License Clerks 70 $13.18 $14.53 $30,230 1.3 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 60 $11.76 $12.29 $25,560 3.4 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 3,140 $11.61 $12.22 $25,420 2.2 %
43-4061 Eligibility Interviewers, Government Programs 170 $14.12 $14.73 $30,640 1.5 %
43-4071 File Clerks (7) $10.41 $11.02 $22,920 3.3 %
43-4081 Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks 220 $7.25 $7.34 $15,260 3.2 %
43-4121 Library Assistants, Clerical 50 $9.55 $9.90 $20,590 1.8 %
43-4131 Loan Interviewers and Clerks 80 $13.30 $13.77 $28,650 2.2 %
43-4141 New Accounts Clerks 50 $13.53 $14.48 $30,110 4.7 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 680 $10.29 $11.24 $23,390 4.8 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 200 $13.65 $14.46 $30,070 3.4 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 1,110 $8.77 $8.91 $18,530 1.4 %
43-4181 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks 100 $11.15 $10.74 $22,340 2.7 %
43-5011 Cargo and Freight Agents (7) $15.37 $15.68 $32,610 4.0 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 160 $8.96 $9.07 $18,870 1.9 %
43-5031 Police, Fire, and Ambulance Dispatchers 130 $14.08 $14.38 $29,920 1.4 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 160 $13.99 $14.92 $31,040 6.3 %
43-5051 Postal Service Clerks 70 $19.65 $19.76 $41,110 2.5 %
43-5052 Postal Service Mail Carriers 310 $21.90 $21.12 $43,920 2.3 %
43-5053 Postal Service Mail Sorters, Processors, and Processing Machine Operators 400 $19.05 $18.26 $37,970 3.7 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 320 $15.08 $16.26 $33,820 3.4 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 1,120 $10.41 $10.80 $22,460 2.3 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 1,950 $9.07 $9.57 $19,910 2.1 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 70 $13.82 $15.74 $32,730 8.9 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 820 $15.29 $15.96 $33,190 2.1 %
43-6012 Legal Secretaries (7) $10.91 $12.14 $25,250 4.1 %
43-6013 Medical Secretaries 350 $11.32 $11.45 $23,820 3.6 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 1,360 $11.32 $11.47 $23,870 2.6 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 200 $13.33 $14.42 $29,990 5.7 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 700 $9.23 $9.92 $20,640 9.0 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 60 $11.30 $11.80 $24,550 4.1 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 390 $7.61 $8.14 $16,940 5.1 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 3,480 $10.76 $11.14 $23,180 1.7 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer (7) $11.25 $11.80 $24,550 4.3 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 70 $8.44 $9.36 $19,460 7.4 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 6,480 $12.77 $13.77 $28,650 2.2 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 830 $20.35 $21.14 $43,960 2.8 %
47-2021 Brickmasons and Blockmasons (7) $20.20 $19.49 $40,540 3.2 %
47-2031 Carpenters 960 $13.06 $13.25 $27,550 2.6 %
47-2041 Carpet Installers (7) $10.03 $11.92 $24,790 8.9 %
47-2051 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers 120 $10.63 $12.40 $25,790 10.2 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 730 $9.45 $9.40 $19,550 2.3 %
47-2071 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 140 $10.99 $11.43 $23,770 3.7 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 520 $13.38 $14.21 $29,550 2.9 %
47-2081 Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers 70 $14.62 $14.38 $29,900 1.9 %
47-2111 Electricians 480 $15.45 $15.73 $32,710 3.0 %
47-2130 Insulation Workers (7) $13.10 $14.85 $30,880 10.0 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 160 $11.21 $11.04 $22,960 7.1 %
47-2151 Pipelayers 60 $11.63 $11.96 $24,870 9.4 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 590 $11.33 $11.91 $24,770 13.9 %
47-2181 Roofers 190 $13.73 $13.71 $28,510 5.5 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 160 $13.37 $13.65 $28,400 3.2 %
47-2221 Structural Iron and Steel Workers 60 $13.57 $15.23 $31,690 12.1 %
47-3011 Helpers—Brickmasons, Blockmasons, Stonemasons, and Tile and Marble Setters (7) $10.55 $10.52 $21,880 3.8 %
47-3012 Helpers—Carpenters 120 $10.51 $10.35 $21,530 3.2 %
47-3013 Helpers—Electricians (7) $9.94 $10.09 $20,990 2.1 %
47-3015 Helpers—Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 110 $9.56 $9.57 $19,910 3.7 %
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors 60 $16.79 $16.99 $35,330 1.9 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 7,070 $15.42 $16.58 $34,480 3.8 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 760 $21.16 $21.37 $44,440 2.6 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 100 $18.07 $18.71 $38,920 3.5 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 210 $20.73 $21.13 $43,950 8.5 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 90 $15.56 $15.93 $33,130 3.4 %
49-2096 Electronic Equipment Installers and Repairers, Motor Vehicles (7) $7.93 $8.85 $18,400 16.6 %
49-2097 Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Installers and Repairers (7) $10.68 $11.28 $23,470 9.4 %
49-3011 Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians (7) $20.57 $20.41 $42,440 4.4 %
49-3021 Automotive Body and Related Repairers (7) $18.59 $23.56 $49,010 6.1 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 900 $13.82 $14.80 $30,790 5.7 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 430 $16.22 $17.87 $37,170 5.5 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 170 $16.67 $16.53 $34,370 2.7 %
49-3093 Tire Repairers and Changers 90 $9.27 $9.29 $19,310 2.4 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 370 $14.57 $14.64 $30,460 3.1 %
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers (7) $10.35 $12.94 $26,920 4.4 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 210 $15.98 $15.98 $33,230 3.2 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 1,420 $13.21 $13.92 $28,950 3.6 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 110 $14.20 $14.18 $29,500 5.2 %
49-9044 Millwrights (7) $14.98 $14.63 $30,420 6.2 %
49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers 120 $14.61 $15.20 $31,610 6.4 %
49-9094 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers 40 $12.62 $15.70 $32,660 14.5 %
49-9098 Helpers—Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 170 $10.41 $11.22 $23,340 4.5 %
Production Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 10,800 $11.87 $12.96 $26,950 3.0 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 810 $19.43 $20.78 $43,230 3.1 %
51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 480 $10.84 $13.03 $27,100 4.2 %
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters (7) $11.33 $12.42 $25,830 2.7 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 1,090 $11.77 $11.72 $24,380 5.0 %
51-3011 Bakers 50 $8.66 $9.40 $19,560 5.4 %
51-3021 Butchers and Meat Cutters 110 $12.43 $12.38 $25,760 2.7 %
51-3022 Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers (7) $9.66 $9.63 $20,020 3.0 %
51-4021 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 170 $12.68 $12.74 $26,490 2.8 %
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 270 $12.58 $12.38 $25,750 3.3 %
51-4032 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 30 $12.64 $12.46 $25,920 4.8 %
51-4033 Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 60 $10.73 $10.89 $22,650 1.9 %
51-4034 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 60 $12.01 $11.81 $24,570 3.0 %
51-4041 Machinists 280 $14.35 $14.45 $30,050 3.2 %
51-4072 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 80 $9.85 $9.99 $20,770 2.8 %
51-4111 Tool and Die Makers 90 $17.59 $18.78 $39,070 5.1 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 440 $14.58 $14.16 $29,460 2.6 %
51-4122 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 40 $11.03 $11.81 $24,570 7.8 %
51-5011 Bindery Workers 160 $12.45 $12.79 $26,590 8.6 %
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers 80 $12.72 $13.17 $27,390 3.9 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 200 $13.47 $13.71 $28,520 5.9 %
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 290 $7.85 $8.27 $17,200 2.4 %
51-6021 Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 160 $7.79 $7.95 $16,530 3.3 %
51-6052 Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers 90 $10.38 $10.66 $22,170 7.7 %
51-6091 Extruding and Forming Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Synthetic and Glass Fibers (7) $12.74 $12.85 $26,730 9.4 %
51-7021 Furniture Finishers (7) $13.19 $13.09 $27,230 3.6 %
51-7041 Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood 40 $10.42 $10.57 $21,980 2.7 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 100 $13.64 $13.92 $28,950 1.7 %
51-9021 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 50 $10.21 $10.09 $20,980 6.5 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 150 $13.35 $14.47 $30,100 4.8 %
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 70 $10.86 $12.91 $26,860 13.8 %
51-9051 Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders 40 $17.56 $15.42 $32,070 8.7 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 490 $12.69 $13.49 $28,060 3.9 %
51-9083 Ophthalmic Laboratory Technicians (7) $8.44 $8.95 $18,610 9.7 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 700 $9.87 $10.54 $21,920 5.5 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 80 $13.65 $14.49 $30,150 6.1 %
51-9122 Painters, Transportation Equipment 40 $14.15 $15.61 $32,460 8.6 %
51-9195 Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic 80 $12.25 $12.08 $25,120 2.9 %
51-9196 Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (7) $13.60 $13.71 $28,520 4.4 %
51-9198 Helpers—Production Workers 460 $9.62 $11.68 $24,300 14.9 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 11,140 $10.94 $12.19 $25,360 2.4 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 130 $16.76 $18.02 $37,470 3.1 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 340 $17.17 $18.76 $39,020 3.4 %
53-3022 Bus Drivers, School 540 $12.10 $11.88 $24,710 6.4 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 430 $11.46 $12.42 $25,840 7.5 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 1,790 $14.51 $14.81 $30,800 3.2 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light Or Delivery Services 1,550 $10.99 $12.30 $25,590 4.8 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 210 $7.53 $7.45 $15,490 3.3 %
53-6021 Parking Lot Attendants 90 $7.70 $7.64 $15,890 3.9 %
53-6031 Service Station Attendants (7) $7.95 $8.43 $17,530 6.1 %
53-7011 Conveyor Operators and Tenders (7) $10.89 $11.31 $23,530 2.5 %
53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators (7) $12.74 $12.99 $27,020 5.4 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 990 $11.65 $12.02 $25,000 2.3 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 210 $7.96 $8.08 $16,810 2.7 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 2,700 $10.13 $11.27 $23,450 7.4 %
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers (7) $9.52 $9.54 $19,850 3.6 %
53-7081 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 300 $9.84 $9.85 $20,480 10.4 %

About November 2003 National, State, and Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Hourly wage rates for occupations where workers typically work fewer than 2,080 hours per year are not available.

(5) This median wage is equal to or greater than $70.00 per hour or $145,600 per year.

(7) Estimates not released.



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State estimates for Virginia


Virginia's metropolitan area estimates:

November 2003 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

November 2003 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

November 2003 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

November 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download November 2003 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: November 24, 2004

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