Occupational Employment Statistics

May 2004 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Sector 22 - Utilities


These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in Sector 22 - Utilities.

These and other data elements, including the 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages, are available in the downloadable Excel files (XLS).

Sector 22 - Utilities consists of:

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in Sector 22 - Utilities:


Sector 22 - Utilities

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 567,000 100.00% $24.80 $25.83 $53,720 0.5 %
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Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 33,910 5.98% $44.53 $47.30 $98,390 0.7 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 1,590 0.28% (5) $75.84 $157,750 1.7 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 10,110 1.78% $44.30 $47.68 $99,170 0.9 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 140 0.02% $36.55 $39.50 $82,150 3.5 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 2,150 0.38% $41.92 $43.35 $90,160 1.4 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 510 0.09% $45.92 $49.34 $102,630 2.7 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 590 0.10% $42.48 $45.03 $93,660 1.8 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 1,790 0.32% $38.84 $39.51 $82,180 1.3 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 1,780 0.31% $45.94 $46.97 $97,700 1.3 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 2,500 0.44% $44.21 $47.46 $98,710 1.2 %
11-3041 Compensation and Benefits Managers 480 0.08% $39.55 $40.11 $83,420 1.7 %
11-3042 Training and Development Managers 250 0.04% $46.70 $45.76 $95,170 1.7 %
11-3049 Human Resources Managers, All Other 430 0.08% $43.40 $45.42 $94,480 1.9 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 1,180 0.21% $45.94 $46.76 $97,250 1.5 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 430 0.08% $39.32 $41.59 $86,520 2.5 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 1,370 0.24% $40.73 $41.84 $87,030 1.5 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 620 0.11% $39.40 $39.75 $82,670 1.7 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 3,930 0.69% $43.86 $45.06 $93,720 0.7 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 220 0.04% $34.37 $40.95 $85,180 8.8 %
11-9199 Managers, All Other 3,640 0.64% $48.45 $48.73 $101,360 1.2 %
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Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 37,400 6.60% $30.47 $30.79 $64,040 0.7 %
13-1021 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 40 0.01% $28.73 $30.18 $62,770 5.6 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 400 0.07% $30.67 $30.30 $63,030 4.1 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 2,620 0.46% $27.06 $28.32 $58,910 1.2 %
13-1031 Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 200 0.04% $28.66 $28.96 $60,240 1.7 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 1,360 0.24% $32.52 $32.62 $67,850 1.3 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 1,130 0.20% $30.82 $30.50 $63,440 1.6 %
13-1061 Emergency Management Specialists 480 0.08% $26.72 $27.90 $58,030 6.8 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 350 0.06% $27.56 $28.69 $59,680 1.7 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 780 0.14% $26.33 $27.44 $57,080 1.8 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 2,960 0.52% $32.86 $31.77 $66,070 1.3 %
13-1079 Human Resources, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists, All Other 1,350 0.24% $31.53 $30.96 $64,390 1.4 %
13-1081 Logisticians 520 0.09% $31.42 $31.85 $66,240 2.0 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 4,950 0.87% $32.17 $32.86 $68,350 1.2 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 30 0.01% $29.17 $28.62 $59,520 3.3 %
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other 8,850 1.56% $31.53 $31.43 $65,380 1.0 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 7,770 1.37% $27.86 $28.95 $60,210 0.7 %
13-2021 Appraisers and Assessors of Real Estate 60 0.01% $38.96 $36.43 $75,770 6.3 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 420 0.07% $27.97 $28.63 $59,560 1.6 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 280 0.05% $22.13 $26.22 $54,530 5.1 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 1,660 0.29% $32.28 $33.43 $69,540 1.7 %
13-2099 Financial Specialists, All Other 1,110 0.20% $32.05 $31.94 $66,440 2.5 %
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Computer and Mathematical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations 19,130 3.37% $32.30 $32.36 $67,320 0.8 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 2,070 0.37% $30.39 $31.09 $64,670 1.3 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 2,580 0.46% $34.96 $35.30 $73,420 1.1 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 1,010 0.18% $35.66 $35.61 $74,070 1.0 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 1,870 0.33% $25.23 $25.50 $53,040 1.3 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 4,860 0.86% $34.56 $34.52 $71,810 0.9 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 600 0.11% $34.35 $32.79 $68,190 2.2 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 1,910 0.34% $30.69 $31.20 $64,900 1.1 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 2,250 0.40% $30.96 $31.05 $64,590 3.5 %
15-1099 Computer Specialists, All Other 750 0.13% $34.66 $33.91 $70,520 3.3 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 1,180 0.21% $30.41 $30.53 $63,510 2.1 %
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Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 48,790 8.60% $31.93 $32.07 $66,700 0.6 %
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval 60 0.01% $40.63 $40.31 $83,850 2.0 %
17-1021 Cartographers and Photogrammetrists 130 0.02% $24.37 $26.06 $54,200 4.3 %
17-1022 Surveyors 590 0.10% $24.74 $24.63 $51,240 1.6 %
17-2041 Chemical Engineers 230 0.04% $34.47 $34.31 $71,360 3.0 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 2,270 0.40% $32.57 $33.08 $68,810 1.2 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 10,930 1.93% $35.60 $35.35 $73,530 0.7 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 570 0.10% $32.78 $32.93 $68,490 1.2 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 650 0.11% $34.52 $33.30 $69,260 1.7 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 530 0.09% $33.18 $33.20 $69,050 1.5 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 1,690 0.30% $32.98 $32.66 $67,930 2.0 %
17-2131 Materials Engineers 200 0.04% $29.46 $31.13 $64,750 2.9 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 1,410 0.25% $36.09 $35.56 $73,970 1.4 %
17-2161 Nuclear Engineers 6,500 1.15% $40.07 $40.17 $83,560 1.3 %
17-2171 Petroleum Engineers 630 0.11% $37.38 $36.05 $74,980 2.5 %
17-2199 Engineers, All Other 4,250 0.75% $36.55 $35.11 $73,040 1.1 %
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters 160 0.03% $22.91 $23.38 $48,640 2.4 %
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters 2,300 0.41% $26.35 $26.51 $55,150 1.4 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 440 0.08% $23.44 $23.69 $49,280 2.0 %
17-3019 Drafters, All Other 510 0.09% $22.09 $22.27 $46,310 2.0 %
17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians 700 0.12% $23.42 $23.62 $49,130 1.5 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 7,370 1.30% $26.35 $26.57 $55,260 0.8 %
17-3024 Electro-Mechanical Technicians 660 0.12% $24.15 $25.24 $52,500 3.8 %
17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technicians 470 0.08% $29.12 $27.12 $56,400 2.3 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 690 0.12% $27.12 $26.77 $55,690 2.4 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 390 0.07% $26.44 $26.99 $56,140 4.5 %
17-3029 Engineering Technicians, Except Drafters, All Other 1,800 0.32% $27.43 $27.23 $56,640 2.0 %
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 2,140 0.38% $21.20 $21.94 $45,630 1.2 %
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Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 9,480 1.67% $29.65 $29.43 $61,210 0.9 %
19-1032 Foresters 170 0.03% $30.21 $30.11 $62,630 1.8 %
19-2012 Physicists 330 0.06% $33.27 $35.55 $73,950 4.3 %
19-2031 Chemists 570 0.10% $30.34 $30.52 $63,490 1.4 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 620 0.11% $32.41 $31.87 $66,290 1.4 %
19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers 70 0.01% $37.89 $42.32 $88,020 6.8 %
19-2043 Hydrologists 80 0.01% $31.22 $30.20 $62,810 2.2 %
19-2099 Physical Scientists, All Other 110 0.02% $34.09 $34.45 $71,660 1.9 %
19-3011 Economists 120 0.02% $37.52 $36.13 $75,160 1.9 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 1,240 0.22% $30.72 $31.61 $65,760 1.3 %
19-3022 Survey Researchers 80 0.01% $24.26 $24.02 $49,960 7.4 %
19-3051 Urban and Regional Planners 80 0.01% $29.48 $31.39 $65,300 5.2 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 1,100 0.19% $26.22 $25.43 $52,900 1.6 %
19-4041 Geological and Petroleum Technicians 110 0.02% $24.63 $23.96 $49,840 4.7 %
19-4051 Nuclear Technicians 2,580 0.46% $31.24 $30.79 $64,050 1.3 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health 810 0.14% $24.42 $23.77 $49,440 4.4 %
19-4093 Forest and Conservation Technicians 40 0.01% $29.79 $29.14 $60,610 3.6 %
19-4099 Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians, All Other 970 0.17% $24.17 $24.54 $51,040 1.8 %
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Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 1,060 0.19% $46.14 $48.52 $100,910 2.9 %
23-1011 Lawyers 710 0.13% $56.99 $59.86 $124,510 2.5 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 230 0.04% $24.87 $25.19 $52,390 2.2 %
23-2093 Title Examiners, Abstractors, and Searchers 60 0.01% $23.13 $23.35 $48,570 2.3 %
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Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 200 0.04% $31.71 $31.03 $64,530 3.7 %
25-3099 Teachers and Instructors, All Other 120 0.02% (4) (4) $70,780 3.2 %
25-9021 Farm and Home Management Advisors 30 0.01% $20.99 $21.29 $44,290 3.9 %
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Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 2,270 0.40% $25.95 $26.83 $55,810 0.9 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 70 0.01% $28.34 $26.12 $54,330 4.0 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 220 0.04% $22.71 $23.65 $49,190 1.8 %
27-1029 Designers, All Other 40 0.01% $30.43 $28.69 $59,670 2.5 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 1,630 0.29% $25.63 $26.85 $55,840 1.1 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 140 0.02% $32.05 $31.46 $65,430 1.5 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 30 0.01% $31.29 $30.92 $64,320 3.0 %
27-3099 Media and Communication Workers, All Other 30 0.01% $31.92 $31.52 $65,560 2.1 %
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians 40 0.01% $18.90 $18.83 $39,170 7.9 %
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Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 1,160 0.20% $30.37 $30.12 $62,640 1.5 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 50 0.01% $27.26 $27.95 $58,130 4.0 %
29-9011 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists 810 0.14% $31.29 $31.16 $64,820 1.6 %
29-9012 Occupational Health and Safety Technicians 270 0.05% $29.37 $28.32 $58,910 2.7 %
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Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 3,620 0.64% $18.78 $19.48 $40,520 2.5 %
33-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Fire Fighting and Prevention Workers 50 0.01% $32.70 $32.92 $68,480 4.0 %
33-1099 First-Line Supervisors/Managers, Protective Service Workers, All Other 280 0.05% $27.73 $28.79 $59,880 4.0 %
33-2021 Fire Inspectors and Investigators 30 0.01% $28.95 $27.08 $56,330 7.1 %
33-9021 Private Detectives and Investigators 130 0.02% $25.39 $26.04 $54,160 3.8 %
33-9032 Security Guards 2,920 0.51% $17.48 $17.84 $37,100 3.2 %
33-9099 Protective Service Workers, All Other 90 0.02% $27.60 $26.14 $54,370 5.0 %
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Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 60 0.01% $9.62 $10.11 $21,020 5.2 %
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Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 3,470 0.61% $13.72 $15.08 $31,370 1.5 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 50 0.01% $20.51 $22.35 $46,480 3.4 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 80 0.01% $25.92 $25.67 $53,380 3.4 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 2,010 0.35% $11.99 $12.93 $26,890 1.6 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 420 0.07% $18.70 $16.73 $34,800 2.9 %
37-3012 Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation (8) (8) $15.35 $15.28 $31,790 4.3 %
37-3013 Tree Trimmers and Pruners 810 0.14% $17.28 $18.44 $38,350 3.4 %
37-3019 Grounds Maintenance Workers, All Other (8) (8) $10.98 $13.44 $27,960 10.7 %
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Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 70 0.01% $17.22 $16.73 $34,800 6.3 %
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Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 8,400 1.48% $22.98 $25.08 $52,160 1.8 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 180 0.03% $25.58 $26.30 $54,690 3.1 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 390 0.07% $34.21 $38.69 $80,480 5.0 %
41-2011 Cashiers 1,830 0.32% $12.33 $12.78 $26,590 2.3 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 110 0.02% $13.18 $13.13 $27,310 2.8 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 630 0.11% $12.85 $14.65 $30,470 6.2 %
41-3031 Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents 250 0.04% $41.50 $43.85 $91,210 3.2 %
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 1,660 0.29% $29.41 $29.18 $60,690 2.6 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 630 0.11% $27.00 $28.92 $60,150 5.2 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 1,570 0.28% $31.80 $32.43 $67,460 2.7 %
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents 270 0.05% $26.52 $26.39 $54,890 3.3 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers 100 0.02% $33.41 $37.64 $78,300 10.9 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 300 0.05% $14.92 $15.08 $31,360 6.5 %
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other 440 0.08% $25.47 $26.48 $55,080 4.2 %
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Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 126,230 22.26% $17.11 $17.96 $37,360 0.6 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 8,340 1.47% $26.75 $27.29 $56,770 0.8 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 440 0.08% $13.87 $14.49 $30,140 3.7 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 3,770 0.66% $16.75 $17.52 $36,440 1.3 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 4,690 0.83% $14.65 $15.36 $31,950 1.1 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 6,740 1.19% $16.20 $16.43 $34,170 1.1 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 950 0.17% $16.70 $17.07 $35,500 1.3 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 320 0.06% $17.91 $19.14 $39,800 2.6 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 32,210 5.68% $16.60 $17.38 $36,150 1.0 %
43-4071 File Clerks 370 0.07% $17.89 $17.03 $35,420 2.2 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan (8) (8) $12.80 $13.17 $27,390 1.5 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 830 0.15% $15.58 $17.03 $35,410 2.4 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 690 0.12% $18.14 $18.68 $38,850 2.3 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 1,110 0.20% $12.57 $13.03 $27,110 1.9 %
43-4199 Information and Record Clerks, All Other 210 0.04% $20.15 $19.46 $40,490 2.4 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 80 0.01% $16.92 $17.06 $35,490 4.7 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 4,050 0.71% $19.28 $19.88 $41,350 1.3 %
43-5041 Meter Readers, Utilities 21,800 3.84% $15.90 $16.30 $33,910 0.9 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 2,790 0.49% $23.40 $24.32 $50,580 1.2 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 530 0.09% $18.41 $18.13 $37,720 1.6 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 4,050 0.71% $20.35 $19.50 $40,560 0.9 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 120 0.02% $20.08 $20.53 $42,700 3.5 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 8,950 1.58% $19.66 $20.21 $42,030 0.7 %
43-6012 Legal Secretaries 130 0.02% $22.92 $22.46 $46,720 3.4 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 6,890 1.22% $15.01 $15.13 $31,460 1.0 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 610 0.11% $19.00 $19.24 $40,030 2.7 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 350 0.06% $16.39 $17.11 $35,580 2.5 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 40 0.01% $19.01 $20.39 $42,420 6.0 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 440 0.08% $15.53 $16.75 $34,840 3.8 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 10,960 1.93% $14.85 $15.06 $31,320 1.2 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 140 0.02% $18.27 $18.46 $38,390 5.4 %
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other 2,080 0.37% $19.76 $20.08 $41,770 4.1 %
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Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 320 0.06% $11.51 $13.67 $28,430 5.1 %
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers 40 0.01% $17.39 $20.12 $41,850 4.7 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 70 0.01% $7.29 $8.00 $16,630 10.7 %
45-2099 Agricultural Workers, All Other 140 0.02% $9.97 $10.71 $22,290 6.7 %
45-4011 Forest and Conservation Workers 40 0.01% $26.03 $25.69 $53,440 9.8 %
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Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 36,070 6.36% $23.18 $22.69 $47,200 0.7 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 4,170 0.74% $28.00 $28.23 $58,720 0.9 %
47-2031 Carpenters 260 0.05% $23.67 $22.37 $46,530 3.8 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 2,420 0.43% $15.97 $16.63 $34,600 3.0 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 4,570 0.81% $20.93 $20.78 $43,230 1.2 %
47-2111 Electricians 9,040 1.59% $25.59 $25.08 $52,170 1.0 %
47-2131 Insulation Workers, Floor, Ceiling, and Wall 70 0.01% $21.20 $19.54 $40,640 7.2 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 200 0.04% $25.40 $24.93 $51,850 2.8 %
47-2151 Pipelayers 1,600 0.28% $17.65 $18.51 $38,510 2.2 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 10,210 1.80% $23.39 $22.43 $46,660 1.1 %
47-2221 Structural Iron and Steel Workers 40 0.01% $25.63 $25.52 $53,090 4.9 %
47-3013 Helpers--Electricians 710 0.13% $16.04 $16.17 $33,640 2.7 %
47-3015 Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 460 0.08% $12.50 $14.16 $29,450 4.7 %
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors 630 0.11% $28.15 $27.29 $56,760 2.2 %
47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 260 0.05% $19.73 $21.29 $44,280 3.5 %
47-4051 Highway Maintenance Workers 70 0.01% $13.28 $14.08 $29,280 4.5 %
47-4071 Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners 330 0.06% $14.68 $15.08 $31,360 3.4 %
47-4099 Construction and Related Workers, All Other 280 0.05% $24.66 $24.07 $50,070 2.3 %
47-5013 Service Unit Operators, Oil, Gas, and Mining 140 0.02% $16.95 $17.52 $36,440 7.2 %
47-5071 Roustabouts, Oil and Gas 100 0.02% $12.86 $12.37 $25,720 4.8 %
47-5081 Helpers--Extraction Workers 30 0.01% $14.26 $14.77 $30,730 6.4 %
47-5099 Extraction Workers, All Other (8) (8) $19.67 $19.28 $40,090 3.5 %
&nbsp
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 148,790 26.24% $25.20 $24.91 $51,810 0.4 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 15,410 2.72% $31.70 $31.32 $65,140 0.5 %
49-2021 Radio Mechanics 40 0.01% $24.29 $24.71 $51,390 4.8 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 700 0.12% $27.88 $26.91 $55,970 2.6 %
49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers 40 0.01% $23.27 $21.97 $45,710 7.5 %
49-2093 Electrical and Electronics Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment 330 0.06% $22.36 $23.29 $48,450 3.3 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 1,670 0.29% $25.11 $24.98 $51,950 1.9 %
49-2095 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Powerhouse, Substation, and Relay 14,730 2.60% $26.33 $26.44 $55,000 0.6 %
49-2098 Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers 70 0.01% $17.59 $19.25 $40,040 6.6 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 3,180 0.56% $23.57 $22.87 $47,580 1.4 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 2,910 0.51% $24.81 $24.37 $50,690 1.6 %
49-3041 Farm Equipment Mechanics (8) (8) $12.22 $12.27 $25,510 4.4 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 840 0.15% $24.85 $24.05 $50,020 2.8 %
49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door 17,780 3.14% $24.44 $24.21 $50,350 0.9 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 1,090 0.19% $22.21 $21.29 $44,280 2.2 %
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers 1,530 0.27% $24.45 $23.97 $49,860 2.1 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 9,120 1.61% $25.30 $24.75 $51,470 1.3 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 11,550 2.04% $22.29 $21.62 $44,980 1.1 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 1,980 0.35% $21.85 $21.06 $43,800 3.5 %
49-9051 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 53,910 9.51% $25.17 $24.83 $51,640 0.5 %
49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers 410 0.07% $27.05 $26.54 $55,200 2.7 %
49-9069 Precision Instrument and Equipment Repairers, All Other 850 0.15% $27.87 $26.90 $55,950 2.6 %
49-9092 Commercial Divers (8) (8) $10.03 $12.09 $25,140 24.9 %
49-9098 Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 4,460 0.79% $15.16 $15.82 $32,900 1.3 %
49-9099 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other 5,710 1.01% $24.70 $24.16 $50,260 1.7 %
&nbsp
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 72,800 12.84% $25.69 $25.63 $53,310 0.5 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 11,190 1.97% $33.29 $32.54 $67,680 0.9 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 70 0.01% $13.33 $17.48 $36,350 14.4 %
51-2099 Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other 50 0.01% $11.42 $12.32 $25,630 3.6 %
51-4041 Machinists 1,540 0.27% $25.42 $24.55 $51,060 2.4 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 3,550 0.63% $24.36 $23.10 $48,040 1.8 %
51-4122 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 60 0.01% $26.46 $23.78 $49,470 9.8 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 40 0.01% $17.21 $17.66 $36,730 3.1 %
51-8011 Nuclear Power Reactor Operators 3,690 0.65% $31.12 $31.17 $64,830 1.3 %
51-8012 Power Distributors and Dispatchers 4,670 0.82% $27.77 $28.72 $59,740 0.9 %
51-8013 Power Plant Operators 22,750 4.01% $25.94 $25.95 $53,970 0.6 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 3,680 0.65% $25.10 $24.79 $51,560 1.3 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 9,480 1.67% $16.20 $17.09 $35,540 1.1 %
51-8091 Chemical Plant and System Operators 170 0.03% $24.90 $25.61 $53,280 3.5 %
51-8092 Gas Plant Operators 4,500 0.79% $26.03 $26.02 $54,130 0.9 %
51-8093 Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, and Gaugers 80 0.01% $20.48 $20.66 $42,970 2.4 %
51-8099 Plant and System Operators, All Other 2,260 0.40% $25.13 $24.74 $51,450 2.9 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 2,570 0.45% $25.97 $24.90 $51,780 1.2 %
51-9198 Helpers--Production Workers 1,060 0.19% $13.80 $14.38 $29,910 2.7 %
51-9199 Production Workers, All Other 1,070 0.19% $19.92 $19.39 $40,340 3.5 %
&nbsp
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 13,760 2.43% $19.82 $19.73 $41,030 1.6 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 370 0.07% $23.89 $24.70 $51,380 2.4 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 630 0.11% $30.93 $30.36 $63,150 1.4 %
53-2011 Airline Pilots, Copilots, and Flight Engineers 40 0.01% (4) (4) (9) (9)
53-2012 Commercial Pilots 40 0.01% (4) (4) $78,280 2.5 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 90 0.02% $12.06 $12.16 $25,280 5.4 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 2,180 0.38% $18.53 $18.57 $38,630 2.0 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light or Delivery Services 900 0.16% $15.76 $16.74 $34,820 6.5 %
53-3099 Motor Vehicle Operators, All Other 260 0.05% $20.87 $20.51 $42,650 3.2 %
53-4013 Rail Yard Engineers, Dinkey Operators, and Hostlers 50 0.01% $18.11 $18.76 $39,010 4.3 %
53-6031 Service Station Attendants 30 0.01% $15.14 $14.47 $30,100 7.1 %
53-6099 Transportation Workers, All Other 70 0.01% $20.82 $20.95 $43,570 3.7 %
53-7011 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 120 0.02% $19.44 $19.09 $39,710 4.3 %
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators 330 0.06% $22.89 $23.61 $49,110 2.7 %
53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators 1,180 0.21% $25.73 $25.21 $52,450 3.8 %
53-7041 Hoist and Winch Operators 120 0.02% $21.18 $21.43 $44,570 2.2 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 770 0.14% $22.71 $21.61 $44,960 2.4 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 100 0.02% $9.55 $13.04 $27,120 8.3 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 4,060 0.72% $15.02 $15.65 $32,560 1.6 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 40 0.01% $8.23 $9.00 $18,720 5.3 %
53-7071 Gas Compressor and Gas Pumping Station Operators 490 0.09% $24.18 $23.39 $48,650 1.5 %
53-7072 Pump Operators, Except Wellhead Pumpers 200 0.04% $16.65 $17.14 $35,640 3.5 %
53-7073 Wellhead Pumpers 160 0.03% $16.38 $16.04 $33,360 4.2 %
53-7081 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 120 0.02% $10.68 $11.09 $23,070 2.7 %
53-7121 Tank Car, Truck, and Ship Loaders 190 0.03% $23.37 $21.91 $45,570 7.0 %
53-7199 Material Moving Workers, All Other 870 0.15% $24.53 $23.55 $48,990 2.0 %

About May 2004 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(5) This wage is equal to or greater than $70.00 per hour or $145,600 per year.

(8) Estimates not released.

(9) Wage data for this occupation were removed because of reporting errors.




Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2004 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2004 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2004 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2004 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2004 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: November 24, 2008

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