Occupational Employment Statistics

May 2004 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 311000 - Food Manufacturing


These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in NAICS 311000 - Food Manufacturing.

These and other data elements, including the 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages, are available in the downloadable Excel files (XLS).

NAICS Industry 311000 - Food Manufacturing is part of: Sectors 31, 32, and 33 - Manufacturing.

NAICS 311000 - Food Manufacturing consists of:

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in NAICS 311000 - Food Manufacturing:


NAICS 311000 - Food Manufacturing

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 1,498,150 100.00% $11.51 $13.88 $28,860 0.6 %
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Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 47,190 3.15% $37.84 $43.43 $90,340 1.4 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 3,070 0.20% (5) $73.97 $153,860 1.5 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 15,320 1.02% $40.20 $45.33 $94,290 0.8 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 240 0.02% $37.01 $39.99 $83,170 7.9 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 1,420 0.09% $46.97 $49.17 $102,280 3.1 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 3,550 0.24% $39.69 $43.95 $91,410 1.7 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 130 0.01% $49.29 $50.20 $104,420 8.0 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 780 0.05% $33.47 $36.58 $76,080 4.4 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 870 0.06% $45.47 $47.77 $99,350 5.2 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 3,620 0.24% $39.71 $43.59 $90,660 1.4 %
11-3041 Compensation and Benefits Managers 960 0.06% $31.66 $35.41 $73,640 2.0 %
11-3042 Training and Development Managers 270 0.02% $34.90 $36.82 $76,580 5.4 %
11-3049 Human Resources Managers, All Other 680 0.05% $38.19 $40.61 $84,470 2.5 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 10,150 0.68% $31.64 $34.87 $72,520 0.8 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 820 0.05% $36.76 $41.21 $85,720 4.7 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 2,480 0.17% $28.66 $30.97 $64,410 1.0 %
11-9011 Farm, Ranch, and Other Agricultural Managers 70 (7) $26.84 $28.05 $58,340 3.0 %
11-9032 Education Administrators, Elementary and Secondary School 150 0.01% (4) (4) $67,450 10.3 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 810 0.05% $46.05 $48.08 $100,010 2.4 %
11-9051 Food Service Managers 80 0.01% $26.63 $28.27 $58,810 3.7 %
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers 370 0.02% $54.22 $56.05 $116,580 6.9 %
11-9199 Managers, All Other 1,280 0.09% $35.94 $39.67 $82,520 4.8 %
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Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 18,930 1.26% $23.82 $25.68 $53,410 1.2 %
13-1011 Agents and Business Managers of Artists, Performers, and Athletes 170 0.01% $34.28 $43.04 $89,530 12.6 %
13-1021 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 1,430 0.10% $22.14 $23.84 $49,580 1.3 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 320 0.02% $21.69 $23.93 $49,780 2.6 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 3,690 0.25% $22.34 $23.73 $49,370 1.2 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 210 0.01% $24.58 $25.55 $53,140 4.4 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 210 0.01% $24.49 $25.24 $52,490 2.8 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 400 0.03% $21.79 $22.92 $47,660 1.5 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 660 0.04% $21.84 $23.16 $48,180 1.3 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 800 0.05% $16.91 $18.86 $39,230 2.3 %
13-1079 Human Resources, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists, All Other 710 0.05% $22.53 $24.42 $50,790 1.6 %
13-1081 Logisticians 660 0.04% $26.48 $29.04 $60,400 2.8 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 610 0.04% $27.76 $31.01 $64,490 2.6 %
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other 2,240 0.15% $25.13 $26.95 $56,050 2.6 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 5,980 0.40% $24.44 $26.18 $54,440 0.8 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 60 (7) $28.46 $30.36 $63,150 4.2 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 80 0.01% $24.64 $27.14 $56,460 6.1 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 530 0.04% $32.03 $32.40 $67,380 2.0 %
13-2099 Financial Specialists, All Other 110 0.01% $34.59 $36.60 $76,140 6.7 %
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Computer and Mathematical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations 4,840 0.32% $26.96 $28.60 $59,480 4.6 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 720 0.05% $26.02 $26.81 $55,760 1.5 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 390 0.03% $38.45 $37.13 $77,230 3.8 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 1,140 0.08% $19.00 $19.33 $40,210 2.2 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 810 0.05% $30.47 $30.42 $63,270 1.5 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 160 0.01% $26.44 $27.18 $56,530 2.5 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 730 0.05% $25.71 $26.40 $54,920 1.2 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 350 0.02% $36.54 $34.95 $72,700 4.6 %
15-2011 Actuaries (8) (8) $63.69 $60.80 $126,470 6.0 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 40 (7) $35.89 $35.58 $74,010 2.9 %
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Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 5,470 0.37% $27.54 $28.63 $59,540 1.5 %
17-2021 Agricultural Engineers 430 0.03% $30.76 $31.98 $66,510 1.9 %
17-2041 Chemical Engineers 240 0.02% $36.16 $38.24 $79,540 7.6 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 30 (7) $32.65 $32.36 $67,300 2.0 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 130 0.01% $35.43 $34.67 $72,120 1.8 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 50 (7) $36.00 $36.00 $74,880 3.7 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 270 0.02% $28.58 $29.84 $62,070 2.3 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 2,060 0.14% $31.32 $31.77 $66,090 1.6 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 480 0.03% $31.45 $31.59 $65,700 1.4 %
17-2199 Engineers, All Other 150 0.01% $31.77 $31.63 $65,780 2.9 %
17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians 40 (7) $17.76 $18.89 $39,300 5.1 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 220 0.01% $20.02 $20.40 $42,440 2.3 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 840 0.06% $18.63 $18.47 $38,410 2.2 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 270 0.02% $17.72 $19.70 $40,970 1.9 %
17-3029 Engineering Technicians, Except Drafters, All Other 100 0.01% $19.29 $19.62 $40,800 3.6 %
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Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 11,320 0.76% $18.19 $21.17 $44,040 1.2 %
19-1012 Food Scientists and Technologists 3,650 0.24% $22.16 $25.42 $52,880 1.7 %
19-1021 Biochemists and Biophysicists 30 (7) $21.15 $26.49 $55,090 7.6 %
19-1022 Microbiologists 80 0.01% $21.56 $23.47 $48,820 2.6 %
19-2031 Chemists 930 0.06% $22.09 $25.08 $52,170 2.4 %
19-2032 Materials Scientists 50 (7) $42.07 $49.16 $102,250 10.9 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 30 (7) $27.29 $33.47 $69,620 9.6 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 720 0.05% $27.75 $29.32 $60,980 2.0 %
19-4011 Agricultural and Food Science Technicians 4,060 0.27% $14.56 $15.71 $32,680 1.2 %
19-4021 Biological Technicians 470 0.03% $14.64 $15.35 $31,920 2.2 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 930 0.06% $16.99 $17.56 $36,530 1.6 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health 40 (7) $20.07 $19.03 $39,590 6.6 %
19-4099 Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians, All Other 170 0.01% $16.99 $19.49 $40,530 4.0 %
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Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 250 0.02% $51.39 $57.75 $120,130 9.6 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 80 0.01% $31.81 $30.30 $63,020 2.5 %
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Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 80 0.01% $22.02 $21.06 $43,800 5.9 %
25-9021 Farm and Home Management Advisors 40 (7) $23.51 $22.50 $46,800 4.5 %
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Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 880 0.06% $18.27 $19.70 $40,980 3.8 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 350 0.02% $20.02 $21.47 $44,660 3.0 %
27-1026 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 210 0.01% $8.91 $11.05 $22,990 4.5 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 140 0.01% $20.97 $23.10 $48,040 3.3 %
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Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 1,740 0.12% $18.78 $19.76 $41,090 1.2 %
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists 30 (7) $31.63 $30.32 $63,070 3.7 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 370 0.02% $20.01 $20.17 $41,950 1.6 %
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses 160 0.01% $14.93 $15.25 $31,730 2.4 %
29-2099 Health Technologists and Technicians, All Other (8) (8) $16.23 $16.75 $34,840 4.3 %
29-9011 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists 680 0.05% $21.25 $21.95 $45,650 1.9 %
29-9012 Occupational Health and Safety Technicians 350 0.02% $15.83 $17.05 $35,450 2.7 %
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Healthcare Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 50 (7) $13.09 $13.96 $29,030 6.4 %
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Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 2,280 0.15% $10.06 $10.97 $22,820 2.3 %
33-1099 First-Line Supervisors/Managers, Protective Service Workers, All Other 40 (7) $22.30 $23.07 $47,980 5.3 %
33-3052 Transit and Railroad Police 40 (7) $21.21 $21.73 $45,190 3.3 %
33-9032 Security Guards 2,150 0.14% $9.92 $10.41 $21,660 2.0 %
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Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 32,690 2.18% $7.96 $8.76 $18,220 0.8 %
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 460 0.03% $15.14 $17.80 $37,030 5.4 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 2,280 0.15% $13.89 $14.82 $30,830 1.5 %
35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food 180 0.01% $8.22 $9.56 $19,880 5.1 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 60 (7) $12.62 $14.09 $29,300 9.2 %
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant (8) (8) $10.04 $10.47 $21,770 3.1 %
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order 170 0.01% $8.25 $8.91 $18,520 5.1 %
35-2019 Cooks, All Other 140 0.01% $12.57 $13.23 $27,530 6.2 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 9,580 0.64% $8.22 $8.58 $17,840 1.1 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 7,390 0.49% $7.64 $7.98 $16,590 1.6 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 8,860 0.59% $7.52 $7.69 $16,000 1.5 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses (8) (8) $6.79 $6.99 $14,530 2.7 %
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers (8) (8) $7.89 $8.45 $17,570 4.5 %
35-9021 Dishwashers 1,470 0.10% $7.51 $7.59 $15,800 1.0 %
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop (8) (8) $9.17 $9.71 $20,200 4.6 %
35-9099 Food Preparation and Serving Related Workers, All Other 240 0.02% $8.71 $9.84 $20,460 4.7 %
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Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 26,320 1.76% $10.27 $11.03 $22,940 0.6 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 750 0.05% $18.37 $18.70 $38,900 1.6 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 24,270 1.62% $10.13 $10.74 $22,340 0.6 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 160 0.01% $9.63 $9.84 $20,470 2.6 %
37-2019 Building Cleaning Workers, All Other 280 0.02% $10.93 $11.61 $24,140 4.1 %
37-2021 Pest Control Workers 190 0.01% $14.61 $14.43 $30,010 2.4 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 350 0.02% $10.24 $10.83 $22,520 2.2 %
37-3012 Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation 140 0.01% $13.58 $14.36 $29,860 2.2 %
37-3019 Grounds Maintenance Workers, All Other 160 0.01% $12.14 $12.34 $25,670 2.8 %
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Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 150 0.01% $9.79 $11.35 $23,610 8.5 %
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Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 57,430 3.83% $10.87 $16.34 $33,980 2.1 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 3,230 0.22% $15.83 $17.75 $36,920 2.2 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 1,670 0.11% $28.47 $33.08 $68,800 2.4 %
41-2011 Cashiers 15,150 1.01% $7.98 $8.55 $17,780 2.9 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 890 0.06% $7.35 $7.81 $16,240 2.2 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 13,480 0.90% $8.14 $9.89 $20,570 8.8 %
41-3031 Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents 30 (7) $23.98 $27.71 $57,640 13.2 %
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 90 0.01% $20.82 $24.17 $50,270 6.8 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 550 0.04% $24.97 $29.66 $61,690 4.7 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 19,330 1.29% $22.95 $26.00 $54,080 1.2 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters 740 0.05% $9.34 $11.69 $24,320 5.9 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 70 (7) $10.35 $11.44 $23,790 5.1 %
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other (8) (8) $10.17 $10.97 $22,810 5.9 %
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Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 104,810 7.00% $13.11 $13.97 $29,050 0.4 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 6,100 0.41% $20.82 $21.97 $45,690 0.6 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 490 0.03% $11.77 $12.38 $25,750 2.2 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 210 0.01% $14.62 $15.24 $31,700 3.7 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 4,390 0.29% $12.62 $13.00 $27,040 0.6 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 12,190 0.81% $13.46 $14.13 $29,400 0.5 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 2,920 0.19% $14.18 $14.58 $30,330 0.5 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 1,140 0.08% $12.86 $13.84 $28,790 2.7 %
43-4021 Correspondence Clerks 60 (7) $11.97 $12.53 $26,060 2.9 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 80 0.01% $14.51 $14.17 $29,480 7.6 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 5,520 0.37% $14.05 $14.55 $30,270 1.0 %
43-4071 File Clerks 160 0.01% $11.40 $12.01 $24,970 2.9 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 3,890 0.26% $12.36 $12.84 $26,700 1.0 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 3,090 0.21% $14.20 $14.76 $30,710 0.6 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 1,920 0.13% $11.44 $11.77 $24,470 0.7 %
43-4199 Information and Record Clerks, All Other 160 0.01% $13.06 $13.58 $28,250 2.0 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 30 (7) $10.64 $11.66 $24,260 6.4 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 240 0.02% $14.90 $15.59 $32,420 2.4 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 5,570 0.37% $16.00 $16.97 $35,290 0.7 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 19,020 1.27% $12.59 $13.01 $27,070 0.8 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 9,350 0.62% $12.24 $12.46 $25,920 0.8 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 5,220 0.35% $11.31 $11.96 $24,870 0.9 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 5,210 0.35% $16.93 $17.50 $36,410 0.9 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 3,450 0.23% $12.11 $12.52 $26,040 0.9 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 500 0.03% $14.47 $14.97 $31,140 2.3 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 800 0.05% $10.66 $10.93 $22,730 1.3 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 40 (7) $13.00 $13.48 $28,040 3.7 %
43-9041 Insurance Claims and Policy Processing Clerks 160 0.01% $14.58 $15.25 $31,710 5.1 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 70 (7) $11.87 $12.14 $25,240 2.7 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 11,680 0.78% $11.07 $11.47 $23,850 0.5 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer (8) (8) $10.88 $11.46 $23,840 3.0 %
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other 200 0.01% $15.23 $16.83 $35,000 4.6 %
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Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 19,210 1.28% $9.28 $10.39 $21,610 1.2 %
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers 1,190 0.08% $17.71 $19.22 $39,980 3.0 %
45-2011 Agricultural Inspectors 1,280 0.09% $12.17 $13.26 $27,580 2.4 %
45-2021 Animal Breeders 190 0.01% $11.84 $13.80 $28,710 7.5 %
45-2041 Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products 7,690 0.51% $8.45 $8.96 $18,640 1.2 %
45-2091 Agricultural Equipment Operators 1,070 0.07% $9.51 $10.29 $21,410 2.7 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 1,300 0.09% $8.14 $9.10 $18,930 5.3 %
45-2093 Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals 5,880 0.39% $9.43 $9.99 $20,780 1.9 %
45-2099 Agricultural Workers, All Other (8) (8) $9.82 $10.36 $21,540 4.0 %
45-3011 Fishers and Related Fishing Workers 160 0.01% $17.28 $17.56 $36,530 4.8 %
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Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 4,150 0.28% $19.37 $19.67 $40,920 1.2 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 140 0.01% $17.28 $20.00 $41,600 7.2 %
47-2011 Boilermakers 30 (7) $17.37 $16.14 $33,570 6.0 %
47-2031 Carpenters 110 0.01% $15.41 $17.00 $35,360 6.9 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 260 0.02% $16.69 $15.96 $33,190 7.0 %
47-2111 Electricians 2,780 0.19% $19.70 $20.16 $41,940 0.8 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 220 0.01% $16.38 $16.63 $34,590 2.9 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 320 0.02% $22.72 $23.32 $48,510 3.4 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 160 0.01% $20.44 $20.01 $41,620 4.3 %
47-3013 Helpers--Electricians 40 (7) $15.09 $14.50 $30,160 7.0 %
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Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 86,330 5.76% $17.02 $17.61 $36,620 0.3 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 8,180 0.55% $25.05 $25.76 $53,590 0.4 %
49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers 540 0.04% $18.63 $18.11 $37,660 3.0 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 850 0.06% $20.14 $20.11 $41,840 1.2 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 370 0.02% $16.42 $16.70 $34,740 2.1 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 2,740 0.18% $16.43 $16.96 $35,280 1.2 %
49-3041 Farm Equipment Mechanics 230 0.02% $16.03 $16.09 $33,460 3.6 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 180 0.01% $17.23 $17.62 $36,640 3.0 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 1,020 0.07% $16.03 $16.22 $33,730 2.0 %
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers 40 (7) $15.72 $15.92 $33,110 2.7 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 22,630 1.51% $17.38 $17.47 $36,350 0.5 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 40,550 2.71% $16.25 $16.49 $34,300 0.5 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 6,940 0.46% $15.01 $15.34 $31,910 0.9 %
49-9044 Millwrights 530 0.04% $22.81 $22.46 $46,710 5.4 %
49-9069 Precision Instrument and Equipment Repairers, All Other 70 (7) $20.57 $20.62 $42,890 2.3 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers 50 (7) $14.76 $15.96 $33,200 3.5 %
49-9098 Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 950 0.06% $12.66 $12.80 $26,630 2.7 %
49-9099 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other 300 0.02% $19.42 $18.66 $38,800 4.0 %
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Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 789,790 52.72% $10.64 $11.79 $24,520 0.4 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 50,400 3.36% $19.71 $20.60 $42,850 0.4 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 24,040 1.60% $10.72 $11.84 $24,630 1.8 %
51-2099 Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other 870 0.06% $9.34 $9.51 $19,770 2.6 %
51-3011 Bakers 47,680 3.18% $10.62 $11.45 $23,820 0.9 %
51-3021 Butchers and Meat Cutters 14,920 1.00% $10.23 $10.82 $22,500 1.7 %
51-3022 Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers 104,570 6.98% $8.96 $9.27 $19,270 0.8 %
51-3023 Slaughterers and Meat Packers 131,250 8.76% $10.04 $10.21 $21,250 0.9 %
51-3091 Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders 13,290 0.89% $11.83 $12.08 $25,130 1.3 %
51-3092 Food Batchmakers 68,190 4.55% $11.01 $11.71 $24,360 0.7 %
51-3093 Food Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders 23,590 1.57% $11.16 $11.79 $24,510 1.1 %
51-4021 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 50 (7) $13.09 $13.66 $28,400 4.4 %
51-4023 Rolling Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (8) (8) $14.19 $14.72 $30,610 3.0 %
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 110 0.01% $13.39 $14.00 $29,120 3.9 %
51-4033 Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 80 0.01% $10.88 $12.05 $25,060 6.1 %
51-4035 Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 710 0.05% $15.62 $16.47 $34,260 6.3 %
51-4041 Machinists 1,170 0.08% $15.18 $16.05 $33,390 2.4 %
51-4072 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 90 0.01% $12.45 $12.76 $26,550 4.5 %
51-4081 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 80 0.01% $11.93 $12.59 $26,190 2.4 %
51-4111 Tool and Die Makers (8) (8) $24.94 $23.70 $49,290 4.3 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 330 0.02% $18.45 $17.19 $35,750 3.1 %
51-4122 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 70 (7) $18.90 $19.69 $40,940 8.5 %
51-4194 Tool Grinders, Filers, and Sharpeners 130 0.01% $11.08 $12.14 $25,260 3.4 %
51-4199 Metal Workers and Plastic Workers, All Other 40 (7) $12.99 $13.80 $28,700 3.6 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 430 0.03% $11.64 $12.67 $26,350 3.1 %
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 180 0.01% $10.10 $10.15 $21,110 1.4 %
51-8013 Power Plant Operators 90 0.01% $17.79 $18.79 $39,090 9.5 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 1,480 0.10% $17.82 $18.16 $37,770 1.6 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 690 0.05% $13.51 $13.89 $28,880 2.7 %
51-8091 Chemical Plant and System Operators 130 0.01% $20.82 $20.92 $43,520 5.6 %
51-8099 Plant and System Operators, All Other 410 0.03% $17.93 $16.74 $34,810 6.8 %
51-9011 Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders 1,430 0.10% $17.50 $16.46 $34,240 4.3 %
51-9012 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 11,080 0.74% $14.77 $14.76 $30,700 1.2 %
51-9021 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 7,500 0.50% $12.25 $12.83 $26,680 1.4 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 22,240 1.48% $13.14 $13.31 $27,680 0.8 %
51-9031 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 1,240 0.08% $8.46 $10.04 $20,870 7.3 %
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 10,270 0.69% $10.78 $11.36 $23,630 1.4 %
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 7,740 0.52% $12.48 $12.81 $26,650 1.2 %
51-9051 Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders 890 0.06% $14.48 $14.83 $30,840 3.4 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 26,770 1.79% $12.13 $12.97 $26,970 0.7 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 106,630 7.12% $11.41 $12.02 $25,000 0.7 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 320 0.02% $11.54 $11.92 $24,790 5.8 %
51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers 780 0.05% $9.64 $10.41 $21,650 2.4 %
51-9192 Cleaning, Washing, and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 8,070 0.54% $10.60 $11.39 $23,690 1.4 %
51-9193 Cooling and Freezing Equipment Operators and Tenders 6,930 0.46% $10.72 $11.86 $24,670 1.7 %
51-9195 Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic 1,230 0.08% $7.91 $8.53 $17,750 4.3 %
51-9196 Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 780 0.05% $12.42 $12.00 $24,950 3.4 %
51-9198 Helpers--Production Workers 68,360 4.56% $10.10 $10.80 $22,450 1.0 %
51-9199 Production Workers, All Other 21,910 1.46% $9.96 $11.05 $22,980 2.4 %
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Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 284,230 18.97% $11.27 $12.29 $25,560 0.5 %
53-1011 Aircraft Cargo Handling Supervisors 100 0.01% $14.30 $18.79 $39,090 7.3 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 5,710 0.38% $18.74 $19.20 $39,950 0.8 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 5,220 0.35% $22.54 $23.23 $48,310 0.8 %
53-2011 Airline Pilots, Copilots, and Flight Engineers 40 (7) (4) (4) (9) (9)
53-2012 Commercial Pilots 50 (7) (4) (4) $70,270 4.8 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 17,810 1.19% $14.82 $15.79 $32,840 1.3 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 24,540 1.64% $15.93 $16.29 $33,890 0.7 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light or Delivery Services 12,960 0.87% $12.32 $12.91 $26,860 1.1 %
53-3099 Motor Vehicle Operators, All Other 170 0.01% $10.88 $10.95 $22,780 4.3 %
53-5011 Sailors and Marine Oilers 130 0.01% $16.95 $20.04 $41,690 16.9 %
53-5021 Captains, Mates, and Pilots of Water Vessels 140 0.01% $30.28 $38.23 $79,510 19.6 %
53-5031 Ship Engineers 120 0.01% $25.64 $28.58 $59,440 7.4 %
53-6099 Transportation Workers, All Other 50 (7) $13.00 $12.92 $26,870 2.9 %
53-7011 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 6,070 0.41% $12.18 $12.65 $26,320 1.2 %
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators 210 0.01% $15.47 $15.55 $32,350 3.5 %
53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators 110 0.01% $14.67 $15.54 $32,320 6.4 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 39,820 2.66% $12.82 $13.12 $27,300 0.6 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 19,930 1.33% $10.25 $10.81 $22,480 0.8 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 60,340 4.03% $10.23 $10.78 $22,420 0.8 %
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 14,860 0.99% $10.76 $11.52 $23,960 1.4 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 73,280 4.89% $9.20 $9.92 $20,630 0.8 %
53-7072 Pump Operators, Except Wellhead Pumpers 210 0.01% $12.37 $12.57 $26,140 9.9 %
53-7121 Tank Car, Truck, and Ship Loaders 490 0.03% $13.93 $14.00 $29,120 2.8 %
53-7199 Material Moving Workers, All Other 1,580 0.11% $10.24 $11.10 $23,090 3.0 %

About May 2004 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(5) This wage is equal to or greater than $70.00 per hour or $145,600 per year.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(8) Estimates not released.

(9) Wage data for this occupation were removed because of reporting errors.




Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2004 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2004 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2004 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2004 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2004 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: November 24, 2008

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