Occupational Employment Statistics

May 2004 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 711500 - Independent Artists, Writers, and Performers


These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in NAICS 711500 - Independent Artists, Writers, and Performers.

These and other data elements, including the 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages, are available in the downloadable Excel files (XLS).

NAICS Industry 711500 - Independent Artists, Writers, and Performers is part of: NAICS 711000 - Performing Arts, Spectator Sports, and Related Industries.

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in NAICS 711500 - Independent Artists, Writers, and Performers:


NAICS 711500 - Independent Artists, Writers, and Performers

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 42,720 100.00% $12.90 $20.19 $41,990 6.1 %
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Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 1,580 3.70% $33.98 $43.01 $89,460 3.3 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 130 0.30% $46.08 $58.89 $122,480 6.4 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 800 1.87% $32.83 $43.65 $90,800 3.6 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 70 0.16% $34.43 $37.00 $76,960 8.2 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 110 0.26% $37.29 $40.60 $84,460 9.5 %
11-2022 Sales Managers (8) (8) $29.66 $36.12 $75,120 9.4 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 50 0.12% $20.56 $26.11 $54,300 9.0 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 140 0.33% $37.69 $43.33 $90,130 8.5 %
11-9199 Managers, All Other 120 0.28% $37.12 $39.98 $83,150 10.7 %
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Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 1,480 3.46% $26.26 $33.80 $70,310 6.1 %
13-1011 Agents and Business Managers of Artists, Performers, and Athletes 590 1.38% $27.70 $37.03 $77,030 9.2 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 40 0.09% $22.24 $26.85 $55,850 11.8 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 160 0.37% $37.47 $40.94 $85,150 6.3 %
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other 270 0.63% $24.35 $35.17 $73,160 11.1 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 330 0.77% $24.62 $26.96 $56,080 5.3 %
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Computer and Mathematical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations 350 0.82% $29.06 $31.51 $65,540 7.7 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 50 0.12% $35.65 $33.21 $69,070 7.0 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 70 0.16% $18.66 $19.68 $40,930 7.7 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 30 0.07% $38.56 $35.69 $74,230 5.2 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 40 0.09% $29.59 $43.57 $90,620 27.1 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 70 0.16% $20.41 $27.02 $56,210 11.8 %
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Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 280 0.66% $26.24 $28.94 $60,190 8.2 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 50 0.12% $23.03 $23.99 $49,890 7.2 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 50 0.12% $39.72 $39.14 $81,420 10.1 %
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Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 180 0.42% $16.53 $18.90 $39,310 6.1 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 70 0.16% $20.50 $21.88 $45,510 7.3 %
19-4099 Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians, All Other 50 0.12% $13.51 $12.95 $26,930 10.6 %
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Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations (8) (8) $28.77 $43.94 $91,390 12.2 %
23-1011 Lawyers (8) (8) $28.50 $44.28 $92,110 12.6 %
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Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 280 0.66% $17.93 $19.92 $41,420 5.5 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 130 0.30% $16.25 $16.02 $33,330 6.2 %
25-3099 Teachers and Instructors, All Other 30 0.07% (4) (4) $57,440 15.9 %
25-4013 Museum Technicians and Conservators 60 0.14% $17.21 $17.71 $36,840 3.7 %
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Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 20,090 47.03% $15.80 $24.22 $50,380 5.9 %
27-1011 Art Directors 130 0.30% $25.48 $27.75 $57,720 6.6 %
27-1012 Craft Artists 760 1.78% $11.52 $13.39 $27,840 7.1 %
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators 2,280 5.34% $16.14 $22.78 $47,370 10.5 %
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators 300 0.70% $18.80 $22.42 $46,640 9.7 %
27-1019 Artists and Related Workers, All Other 970 2.27% $10.96 $13.35 $27,770 4.6 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers (8) (8) $15.51 $17.65 $36,710 10.9 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 320 0.75% $18.95 $21.80 $45,350 6.1 %
27-1027 Set and Exhibit Designers 380 0.89% $20.95 $24.49 $50,940 6.7 %
27-1029 Designers, All Other 200 0.47% $23.24 $21.38 $44,460 10.2 %
27-2011 Actors 1,540 3.60% $11.16 $29.80 (6) 17.7 %
27-2012 Producers and Directors 1,590 3.72% $34.62 $51.12 $106,330 18.7 %
27-2031 Dancers 770 1.80% $8.61 $11.37 (6) 7.6 %
27-2042 Musicians and Singers 680 1.59% $19.44 $25.29 (6) 10.8 %
27-2099 Entertainers and Performers, Sports and Related Workers, All Other 880 2.06% $9.26 $18.03 (6) 13.0 %
27-3011 Radio and Television Announcers 190 0.44% $13.10 $20.05 $41,700 9.3 %
27-3012 Public Address System and Other Announcers 2,280 5.34% $11.14 $15.00 $31,210 5.1 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 320 0.75% $19.58 $22.58 $46,970 8.0 %
27-3041 Editors 310 0.73% $25.55 $33.11 $68,860 15.8 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 830 1.94% $24.34 $30.10 $62,600 6.8 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 1,520 3.56% $22.75 $36.19 $75,280 11.6 %
27-3099 Media and Communication Workers, All Other 190 0.44% $15.20 $17.16 $35,680 7.1 %
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians 1,300 3.04% $14.47 $18.19 $37,840 5.5 %
27-4014 Sound Engineering Technicians 160 0.37% $16.36 $21.23 $44,150 7.5 %
27-4021 Photographers 230 0.54% $12.15 $16.23 $33,750 11.6 %
27-4031 Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Picture 170 0.40% $18.98 $19.08 $39,680 4.0 %
27-4032 Film and Video Editors 130 0.30% $22.64 $24.38 $50,700 2.9 %
27-4099 Media and Communication Equipment Workers, All Other 330 0.77% $12.20 $13.50 $28,070 5.8 %
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Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 260 0.61% $9.70 $10.05 $20,900 3.7 %
33-9032 Security Guards 250 0.59% $9.68 $9.68 $20,120 3.1 %
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Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 540 1.26% $7.37 $8.10 $16,860 4.0 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 40 0.09% $11.59 $12.68 $26,380 6.6 %
35-3011 Bartenders 170 0.40% $6.71 $7.14 $14,860 6.8 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses (8) (8) $7.19 $7.81 $16,240 5.2 %
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop (8) (8) $8.37 $9.46 $19,670 10.5 %
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Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 400 0.94% $10.40 $11.39 $23,690 3.4 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 210 0.49% $9.56 $10.67 $22,200 4.0 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 100 0.23% $10.37 $11.00 $22,880 5.2 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 70 0.16% $11.52 $11.96 $24,870 4.9 %
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Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 410 0.96% $9.20 $10.91 $22,700 6.6 %
39-3031 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 140 0.33% $8.24 $9.03 $18,770 6.8 %
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 70 0.16% $7.42 $7.63 $15,880 4.6 %
39-6021 Tour Guides and Escorts 30 0.07% $10.40 $10.61 $22,060 6.2 %
39-9099 Personal Care and Service Workers, All Other (8) (8) $15.34 $14.57 $30,310 7.2 %
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Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 1,400 3.28% $13.54 $19.74 $41,050 5.7 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 80 0.19% $16.51 $17.69 $36,790 7.6 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 50 0.12% $25.62 $32.84 $68,310 16.2 %
41-2011 Cashiers 260 0.61% $7.60 $8.04 $16,720 3.8 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks (8) (8) $8.88 $10.67 $22,200 11.7 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 340 0.80% $9.70 $11.28 $23,470 4.4 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents 40 0.09% $28.58 $35.09 $72,990 19.1 %
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 230 0.54% $26.52 $31.57 $65,660 6.9 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 140 0.33% $22.46 $29.15 $60,630 10.6 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 50 0.12% $10.71 $11.28 $23,450 3.8 %
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other 110 0.26% $20.46 $26.03 $54,150 9.8 %
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Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 6,330 14.82% $11.62 $13.22 $27,490 2.8 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 310 0.73% $19.84 $22.49 $46,780 4.3 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 30 0.07% $11.48 $11.03 $22,950 6.5 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 590 1.38% $11.82 $13.31 $27,690 2.9 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 190 0.44% $11.52 $12.91 $26,850 3.2 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 70 0.16% $7.84 $8.60 $17,890 5.0 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 280 0.66% $9.38 $9.94 $20,670 3.9 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 80 0.19% $19.19 $19.35 $40,240 4.1 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 70 0.16% $9.97 $9.78 $20,350 3.9 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 990 2.32% $16.64 $18.83 $39,170 5.9 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 1,350 3.16% $11.73 $12.14 $25,250 2.6 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 30 0.07% $10.35 $10.83 $22,530 3.0 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 50 0.12% $10.58 $11.32 $23,540 4.5 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 1,980 4.63% $8.44 $10.12 $21,040 4.8 %
43-9081 Proofreaders and Copy Markers 30 0.07% $15.18 $15.48 $32,200 7.0 %
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other (8) (8) $17.39 $20.90 $43,470 15.8 %
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Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 760 1.78% $15.60 $16.28 $33,870 2.7 %
47-2031 Carpenters 520 1.22% $16.01 $16.35 $34,010 2.8 %
47-2111 Electricians 80 0.19% $17.85 $19.59 $40,740 10.2 %
47-2121 Glaziers 40 0.09% $12.64 $13.81 $28,720 8.3 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 60 0.14% $12.79 $14.45 $30,050 6.4 %
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Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 370 0.87% $12.71 $14.73 $30,640 6.9 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 140 0.33% $11.51 $12.95 $26,940 3.9 %
49-9096 Riggers 60 0.14% $23.89 $21.01 $43,700 12.9 %
49-9099 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other 140 0.33% $11.56 $13.03 $27,100 11.5 %
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Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 1,290 3.02% $11.45 $13.22 $27,500 2.8 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 80 0.19% $21.65 $22.79 $47,400 4.4 %
51-2099 Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other 160 0.37% $10.60 $11.55 $24,020 4.6 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers (8) (8) $15.32 $16.88 $35,100 5.3 %
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers (8) (8) $8.45 $9.95 $20,700 4.0 %
51-6093 Upholsterers 40 0.09% $9.85 $10.41 $21,650 12.4 %
51-6099 Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Workers, All Other (8) (8) $13.03 $13.23 $27,520 4.5 %
51-7021 Furniture Finishers 80 0.19% $12.57 $12.76 $26,540 10.4 %
51-9022 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 80 0.19% $10.63 $11.17 $23,240 3.5 %
51-9031 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 50 0.12% $9.42 $10.60 $22,050 4.8 %
51-9131 Photographic Process Workers 40 0.09% $9.85 $10.35 $21,540 6.2 %
51-9195 Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic 60 0.14% $16.70 $15.54 $32,330 10.6 %
51-9198 Helpers--Production Workers (8) (8) $9.50 $9.24 $19,220 3.7 %
51-9199 Production Workers, All Other 90 0.21% $9.19 $9.80 $20,390 7.4 %
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Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations (8) (8) $9.09 $9.47 $19,710 3.8 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 50 0.12% $15.96 $18.17 $37,800 11.2 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light or Delivery Services 70 0.16% $12.86 $12.29 $25,560 4.5 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand (8) (8) $9.08 $9.37 $19,480 3.5 %

About May 2004 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(6) There is wide variation in the number of hours worked by those employed as actors, dancers, musicians, and singers. Many jobs are for a duration of 1 day or 1 week and it is extremely rare for a performer to have guaranteed employment for a period that exceeds 3 to 6 months.

(8) Estimates not released.

(9) Wage data for this occupation were removed because of reporting errors.




Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2004 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2004 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2004 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2004 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2004 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: November 24, 2008

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