Occupational Employment Statistics

May 2004 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 722300 - Special Food Services


These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in NAICS 722300 - Special Food Services.

These and other data elements, including the 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages, are available in the downloadable Excel files (XLS).

NAICS Industry 722300 - Special Food Services is part of: NAICS 722000 - Food Services and Drinking Places.

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in NAICS 722300 - Special Food Services:


NAICS 722300 - Special Food Services

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 539,070 100.00% $8.98 $10.64 $22,130 0.7 %
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Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 18,720 3.47% $23.01 $27.01 $56,180 1.0 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 570 0.11% $48.18 $53.97 $112,250 3.3 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 4,900 0.91% $28.80 $33.48 $69,650 2.1 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 130 0.02% $22.92 $25.95 $53,980 7.2 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 580 0.11% $24.63 $29.86 $62,110 4.0 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 430 0.08% $19.47 $21.93 $45,600 3.5 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 410 0.08% $30.04 $31.96 $66,470 2.9 %
11-3041 Compensation and Benefits Managers 80 0.01% $22.83 $31.95 $66,450 12.2 %
11-3042 Training and Development Managers 50 0.01% $26.84 $27.85 $57,930 5.5 %
11-3049 Human Resources Managers, All Other 60 0.01% $34.32 $34.98 $72,760 4.2 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 180 0.03% $24.11 $26.67 $55,480 4.2 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 50 0.01% $24.69 $28.30 $58,870 6.4 %
11-9051 Food Service Managers 11,040 2.05% $20.93 $22.43 $46,660 0.9 %
11-9081 Lodging Managers 40 0.01% $22.30 $25.37 $52,770 7.4 %
11-9199 Managers, All Other 130 0.02% $31.63 $34.74 $72,260 4.2 %
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Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 2,900 0.54% $19.40 $20.59 $42,820 2.4 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 100 0.02% $20.75 $21.76 $45,250 4.0 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 340 0.06% $16.77 $17.41 $36,220 4.9 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 40 0.01% $15.75 $18.15 $37,750 10.1 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 130 0.02% $17.00 $18.77 $39,040 3.6 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 30 0.01% $24.86 $23.02 $47,870 5.9 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 150 0.03% $19.04 $20.11 $41,820 6.2 %
13-1079 Human Resources, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists, All Other 40 0.01% $22.35 $23.39 $48,650 5.0 %
13-1111 Management Analysts (8) (8) $32.37 $31.91 $66,380 3.5 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 690 0.13% $17.02 $17.97 $37,370 3.2 %
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other 220 0.04% $23.20 $23.75 $49,400 5.4 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 970 0.18% $20.04 $21.23 $44,160 1.8 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 40 0.01% $28.29 $28.87 $60,050 2.9 %
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Computer and Mathematical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations 100 0.02% $24.82 $25.35 $52,730 3.7 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 40 0.01% $22.05 $22.27 $46,330 5.6 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 40 0.01% $27.06 $26.65 $55,440 6.6 %
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Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 30 0.01% $13.87 $17.95 $37,340 17.8 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 30 0.01% $13.87 $17.95 $37,340 17.8 %
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Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 580 0.11% $12.73 $13.90 $28,900 3.9 %
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Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 830 0.15% $12.45 $14.59 $30,360 8.6 %
27-1023 Floral Designers 120 0.02% $11.92 $12.28 $25,550 6.2 %
27-2022 Coaches and Scouts 100 0.02% (4) (4) $51,110 22.3 %
27-2031 Dancers (8) (8) $6.41 $6.54 (6) 6.5 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 120 0.02% $17.36 $18.09 $37,620 4.9 %
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians 80 0.01% $14.64 $16.12 $33,530 3.9 %
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Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 2,020 0.37% $17.30 $19.34 $40,230 5.4 %
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists 1,520 0.28% $19.47 $21.64 $45,010 4.0 %
29-2051 Dietetic Technicians (8) (8) $10.49 $10.90 $22,670 6.4 %
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Healthcare Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations (8) (8) $10.27 $10.49 $21,820 4.7 %
31-9099 Healthcare Support Workers, All Other (8) (8) $10.25 $10.45 $21,740 5.0 %
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Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 880 0.16% $10.91 $12.59 $26,180 3.8 %
33-9032 Security Guards 820 0.15% $11.08 $12.71 $26,430 3.9 %
33-9092 Lifeguards, Ski Patrol, and Other Recreational Protective Service Workers (8) (8) $8.08 $8.10 $16,860 5.5 %
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Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 412,170 76.46% $8.51 $9.65 $20,060 0.8 %
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 10,810 2.01% $15.06 $16.24 $33,780 1.8 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 27,920 5.18% $14.01 $17.52 $36,450 3.8 %
35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food 7,370 1.37% $7.97 $8.28 $17,220 1.7 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 34,030 6.31% $10.11 $10.43 $21,700 0.9 %
35-2013 Cooks, Private Household 80 0.01% $14.08 $13.29 $27,650 10.2 %
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant 13,530 2.51% $10.00 $10.38 $21,600 1.4 %
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order 6,840 1.27% $8.92 $9.12 $18,970 1.7 %
35-2019 Cooks, All Other 2,180 0.40% $11.14 $12.06 $25,080 4.0 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 47,490 8.81% $8.56 $8.95 $18,610 0.8 %
35-3011 Bartenders 12,040 2.23% $8.25 $9.28 $19,310 2.2 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 85,180 15.80% $7.86 $8.28 $17,230 1.1 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 29,680 5.51% $7.87 $8.02 $16,670 1.1 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses 56,280 10.44% $8.03 $9.25 $19,230 1.9 %
35-3041 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant 21,940 4.07% $8.56 $9.58 $19,930 2.0 %
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 20,700 3.84% $7.72 $8.04 $16,720 1.4 %
35-9021 Dishwashers 28,720 5.33% $7.61 $7.76 $16,150 0.7 %
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop 3,890 0.72% $7.79 $8.23 $17,120 1.8 %
35-9099 Food Preparation and Serving Related Workers, All Other 3,490 0.65% $8.40 $9.33 $19,400 3.4 %
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Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 15,530 2.88% $8.40 $8.96 $18,640 2.0 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 820 0.15% $13.75 $14.43 $30,020 2.4 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers (8) (8) $16.43 $16.86 $35,060 6.6 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 9,760 1.81% $8.45 $8.82 $18,350 2.3 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 4,430 0.82% $7.78 $8.09 $16,830 3.9 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 440 0.08% $8.76 $9.76 $20,310 3.8 %
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Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 3,010 0.56% $8.10 $8.97 $18,660 5.0 %
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 840 0.16% $7.38 $8.60 $17,900 7.9 %
39-3093 Locker Room, Coatroom, and Dressing Room Attendants (8) (8) $8.59 $8.93 $18,570 2.3 %
39-3099 Entertainment attendants and related workers, all other 550 0.10% $7.03 $8.05 $16,740 6.4 %
39-6011 Baggage Porters and Bellhops 80 0.01% $9.22 $9.31 $19,360 6.0 %
39-6012 Concierges 50 0.01% $11.39 $11.77 $24,480 2.3 %
39-9032 Recreation Workers 60 0.01% $6.97 $8.74 $18,190 10.8 %
39-9099 Personal Care and Service Workers, All Other (8) (8) $7.92 $9.29 $19,320 18.4 %
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Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 27,330 5.07% $8.71 $9.91 $20,610 1.7 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 820 0.15% $16.81 $17.67 $36,760 3.8 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 80 0.01% $21.56 $24.76 $51,500 9.8 %
41-2011 Cashiers 21,970 4.08% $8.25 $8.43 $17,540 2.2 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks (8) (8) $11.23 $11.91 $24,780 8.9 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 1,700 0.32% $10.68 $11.94 $24,830 3.2 %
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 910 0.17% $19.31 $20.74 $43,150 2.3 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 580 0.11% $17.27 $21.26 $44,210 7.7 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 50 0.01% $8.30 $9.75 $20,270 5.8 %
41-9091 Door-to-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers 510 0.09% $8.83 $11.61 $24,160 14.9 %
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other 580 0.11% $15.61 $16.15 $33,580 7.0 %
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Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 20,720 3.84% $11.63 $12.42 $25,830 1.2 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 1,570 0.29% $16.74 $17.66 $36,730 2.3 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 100 0.02% $8.95 $10.15 $21,120 9.2 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 420 0.08% $12.75 $12.92 $26,880 1.6 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 3,050 0.57% $12.82 $13.56 $28,190 1.8 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 470 0.09% $14.44 $14.59 $30,340 2.6 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 40 0.01% $11.54 $12.31 $25,600 3.2 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 620 0.12% $12.52 $13.04 $27,120 2.4 %
43-4081 Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks 220 0.04% $8.98 $9.41 $19,560 3.4 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 490 0.09% $8.71 $10.04 $20,880 4.2 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 280 0.05% $14.30 $14.49 $30,150 1.5 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 1,190 0.22% $10.87 $11.23 $23,350 2.2 %
43-4181 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks (8) (8) $9.24 $9.45 $19,650 5.9 %
43-4199 Information and Record Clerks, All Other 110 0.02% $10.75 $11.96 $24,870 3.4 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 320 0.06% $10.79 $11.78 $24,510 5.2 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 250 0.05% $12.15 $13.17 $27,400 4.6 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 1,040 0.19% $11.08 $11.55 $24,020 1.9 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 2,620 0.49% $10.12 $10.35 $21,530 1.6 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 230 0.04% $13.37 $13.82 $28,740 6.2 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 890 0.17% $15.22 $15.95 $33,170 2.0 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 1,360 0.25% $10.81 $11.50 $23,920 4.4 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 60 0.01% $10.96 $12.06 $25,090 3.1 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 5,020 0.93% $10.85 $11.29 $23,470 4.1 %
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other 180 0.03% $10.26 $10.62 $22,080 3.1 %
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Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 90 0.02% $13.72 $15.07 $31,340 6.0 %
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Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 4,390 0.81% $13.53 $13.93 $28,970 2.0 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 270 0.05% $21.38 $21.59 $44,910 2.9 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics (8) (8) $18.61 $17.57 $36,540 4.4 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 440 0.08% $16.74 $17.20 $35,780 2.2 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 2,570 0.48% $11.60 $12.28 $25,550 2.5 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers 750 0.14% $13.49 $13.57 $28,220 2.4 %
49-9099 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other 130 0.02% $15.97 $16.23 $33,760 1.6 %
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Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 7,310 1.36% $10.08 $11.28 $23,470 2.5 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 260 0.05% $20.50 $22.05 $45,870 3.6 %
51-3011 Bakers 3,580 0.66% $10.13 $10.75 $22,360 2.0 %
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 620 0.12% $8.58 $9.01 $18,740 2.8 %
51-6021 Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials (8) (8) $9.47 $9.32 $19,380 4.3 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators 50 0.01% $10.52 $10.98 $22,840 12.5 %
51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers 30 0.01% $11.85 $12.26 $25,490 7.9 %
51-9198 Helpers--Production Workers 1,030 0.19% $8.85 $9.67 $20,110 4.0 %
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Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 21,650 4.02% $10.39 $11.14 $23,160 1.7 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 190 0.04% $17.09 $17.58 $36,580 3.0 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 650 0.12% $19.34 $20.23 $42,070 2.4 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 6,660 1.24% $9.75 $10.59 $22,030 3.3 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light or Delivery Services 5,820 1.08% $10.96 $11.63 $24,180 2.1 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 30 0.01% $9.54 $9.77 $20,310 4.0 %
53-6021 Parking Lot Attendants 230 0.04% $6.81 $7.11 $14,800 3.8 %
53-6099 Transportation Workers, All Other 110 0.02% $9.37 $10.64 $22,140 9.3 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 460 0.09% $13.14 $13.75 $28,600 4.2 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 4,900 0.91% $9.28 $9.59 $19,950 1.5 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 2,300 0.43% $11.06 $11.20 $23,300 6.4 %
53-7199 Material Moving Workers, All Other (8) (8) $6.42 $7.20 $14,970 16.6 %

About May 2004 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(6) There is wide variation in the number of hours worked by those employed as actors, dancers, musicians, and singers. Many jobs are for a duration of 1 day or 1 week and it is extremely rare for a performer to have guaranteed employment for a period that exceeds 3 to 6 months.

(8) Estimates not released.

(9) Wage data for this occupation were removed because of reporting errors.




Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2004 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2004 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2004 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2004 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2004 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: November 24, 2008

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