Occupational Employment Statistics

May 2004 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 541720 - Research and Development in the Social Sciences and Humanities


These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in NAICS Industry 541720 - Research and Development in the Social Sciences and Humanities.

These and other data elements, including the 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages, are available in the downloadable Excel files (XLS).

NAICS Industry 541720 - Research and Development in the Social Sciences and Humanities is part of: NAICS 541700 - Scientific Research and Development Services.

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in NAICS 541720 - Research and Development in the Social Sciences and Humanities:


NAICS 541720 - Research and Development in the Social Sciences and Humanities

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 63,440 100.00% $20.43 $25.37 $52,760 2.1 %
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Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 5,460 8.61% $42.56 $48.06 $99,960 3.5 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 640 1.01% $69.75 $70.18 $145,980 4.1 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 1,860 2.93% $48.64 $53.86 $112,020 2.6 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 210 0.33% $36.67 $43.95 $91,420 8.6 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 40 0.06% $42.18 $50.58 $105,200 10.6 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 230 0.36% $28.65 $35.34 $73,500 7.0 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 590 0.93% $20.07 $27.02 $56,210 9.7 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 280 0.44% $44.45 $47.00 $97,750 3.1 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 360 0.57% $39.10 $43.14 $89,730 4.7 %
11-3041 Compensation and Benefits Managers 30 0.05% $40.33 $44.12 $91,770 7.6 %
11-3042 Training and Development Managers 90 0.14% $44.15 $45.36 $94,340 3.1 %
11-3049 Human Resources Managers, All Other 30 0.05% $42.50 $45.01 $93,630 8.0 %
11-9039 Education Administrators, All Other 100 0.16% $34.12 $33.85 $70,400 2.1 %
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 40 0.06% $34.24 $47.24 $98,270 13.2 %
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers 330 0.52% $44.03 $47.24 $98,250 4.9 %
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers 170 0.27% $38.52 $45.23 $94,080 12.0 %
11-9199 Managers, All Other 370 0.58% $36.82 $38.70 $80,490 5.0 %
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Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 4,840 7.63% $24.58 $28.39 $59,050 4.4 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 140 0.22% $22.63 $21.76 $45,250 4.9 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 40 0.06% $20.73 $23.87 $49,660 4.7 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 140 0.22% $22.70 $24.04 $50,000 7.3 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 60 0.09% $23.61 $24.96 $51,920 2.9 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 690 1.09% $18.62 $22.63 $47,070 6.6 %
13-1079 Human Resources, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists, All Other 100 0.16% $25.47 $26.83 $55,810 3.2 %
13-1081 Logisticians 40 0.06% $37.75 $38.26 $79,580 7.9 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 1,130 1.78% $29.00 $35.90 $74,660 7.2 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 160 0.25% $20.15 $20.53 $42,700 3.2 %
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other 1,290 2.03% $23.46 $26.34 $54,780 3.8 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 730 1.15% $25.03 $27.89 $58,010 4.1 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts (8) (8) $26.04 $26.28 $54,670 3.1 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 60 0.09% $28.52 $29.83 $62,050 4.4 %
13-2099 Financial Specialists, All Other (8) (8) $60.18 $50.74 $105,540 10.5 %
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Computer and Mathematical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations 5,620 8.86% $27.60 $29.46 $61,270 1.9 %
15-1011 Computer and Information Scientists, Research 300 0.47% $42.96 $41.43 $86,170 8.3 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 380 0.60% $30.65 $31.67 $65,880 3.1 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 890 1.40% $35.84 $34.86 $72,510 5.8 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 70 0.11% $36.38 $34.83 $72,440 5.2 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 900 1.42% $20.44 $20.35 $42,340 3.7 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 670 1.06% $27.27 $28.32 $58,900 4.7 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 210 0.33% $26.44 $28.85 $60,000 4.9 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 340 0.54% $28.58 $30.04 $62,480 2.6 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 300 0.47% $27.26 $28.02 $58,280 1.8 %
15-1099 Computer Specialists, All Other 650 1.02% $30.04 $30.04 $62,480 7.4 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 340 0.54% $27.41 $30.58 $63,610 4.9 %
15-2041 Statisticians 560 0.88% $24.58 $27.67 $57,560 5.0 %
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Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations (8) (8) (8) (8) (8) (8)
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians (8) (8) $13.00 $14.13 $29,390 8.8 %
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Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 16,310 25.71% $22.39 $26.52 $55,160 2.5 %
19-1023 Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists 70 0.11% $16.96 $19.66 $40,900 9.6 %
19-1029 Biological Scientists, All Other 60 0.09% $39.17 $36.98 $76,910 3.4 %
19-1042 Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists 210 0.33% $31.06 $31.84 $66,230 5.9 %
19-1099 Life Scientists, All Other 30 0.05% $21.74 $26.30 $54,700 13.7 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 330 0.52% $30.81 $33.30 $69,250 5.7 %
19-3011 Economists 880 1.39% $37.57 $49.87 $103,720 9.3 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 1,000 1.58% $22.53 $25.66 $53,370 6.7 %
19-3022 Survey Researchers 1,150 1.81% $14.83 $17.06 $35,490 9.3 %
19-3032 Industrial-Organizational Psychologists 470 0.74% $33.20 $37.81 $78,640 3.2 %
19-3039 Psychologists, All Other 190 0.30% $34.73 $35.92 $74,720 4.6 %
19-3041 Sociologists (8) (8) $33.85 $34.96 $72,710 3.0 %
19-3051 Urban and Regional Planners 80 0.13% $30.44 $31.04 $64,570 3.8 %
19-3091 Anthropologists and Archeologists 880 1.39% $18.05 $20.43 $42,490 4.9 %
19-3093 Historians (8) (8) $19.27 $21.44 $44,600 6.9 %
19-3094 Political Scientists 150 0.24% $26.16 $30.05 $62,500 7.8 %
19-3099 Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other 2,720 4.29% $26.81 $29.67 $61,710 7.0 %
19-4021 Biological Technicians 150 0.24% $15.64 $16.50 $34,320 4.7 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 60 0.09% $12.56 $14.74 $30,660 6.7 %
19-4061 Social Science Research Assistants 3,220 5.08% $16.92 $17.55 $36,490 2.3 %
19-4099 Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians, All Other 1,740 2.74% $17.76 $19.88 $41,340 8.2 %
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Community and Social Services Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 1,460 2.30% $19.75 $22.25 $46,280 7.5 %
21-1012 Educational, Vocational, and School Counselors 90 0.14% $16.94 $21.86 $45,470 9.2 %
21-1014 Mental Health Counselors 70 0.11% $20.86 $20.37 $42,380 5.1 %
21-1019 Counselors, All Other 400 0.63% $19.29 $23.46 $48,790 22.5 %
21-1021 Child, Family, and School Social Workers (8) (8) $14.52 $15.81 $32,890 6.5 %
21-1091 Health Educators (8) (8) $28.55 $29.70 $61,770 5.1 %
21-1099 Community and Social Service Specialists, All Other 220 0.35% $20.60 $20.37 $42,370 8.1 %
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Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 380 0.60% $42.84 $52.19 $108,550 15.7 %
23-1011 Lawyers (8) (8) $60.15 $60.50 $125,850 16.1 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 50 0.08% $19.86 $22.53 $46,860 6.4 %
23-2099 Legal Support Workers, All Other 30 0.05% $21.39 $28.31 $58,890 13.9 %
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Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 6,030 9.51% $23.11 $29.40 $61,160 11.6 %
25-1071 Health Specialties Teachers, Postsecondary (8) (8) (4) (4) $133,870 14.1 %
25-3011 Adult Literacy, Remedial Education, and GED Teachers and Instructors 280 0.44% $13.84 $14.57 $30,310 6.7 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 60 0.09% $15.56 $22.66 $47,130 8.3 %
25-3099 Teachers and Instructors, All Other 2,410 3.80% (8) (8) (8) (8)
25-4013 Museum Technicians and Conservators (8) (8) $20.00 $19.61 $40,790 3.5 %
25-4021 Librarians 110 0.17% $21.87 $21.68 $45,090 4.9 %
25-4031 Library Technicians 30 0.05% $17.56 $17.22 $35,820 3.8 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 1,510 2.38% $27.08 $28.95 $60,230 2.3 %
25-9041 Teacher Assistants (8) (8) (4) (4) $24,220 4.1 %
25-9099 Education, Training, and Library Workers, All Other 30 0.05% $8.63 $10.43 $21,680 20.1 %
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Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 1,910 3.01% $21.43 $23.00 $47,850 2.5 %
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators 30 0.05% $24.58 $25.33 $52,690 9.1 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 210 0.33% $20.41 $21.55 $44,830 2.5 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 910 1.43% $21.56 $23.21 $48,280 2.8 %
27-3041 Editors 380 0.60% $19.78 $21.44 $44,590 6.2 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 80 0.13% $22.96 $25.15 $52,310 4.2 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 170 0.27% $23.76 $25.85 $53,770 5.7 %
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Healthcare Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 150 0.24% $16.07 $15.54 $32,310 4.5 %
31-9096 Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers 40 0.06% (8) (8) (8) (8)
31-9099 Healthcare Support Workers, All Other (8) (8) $14.04 $12.39 $25,760 7.6 %
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Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 80 0.13% $13.15 $16.63 $34,600 5.4 %
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Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 200 0.32% $10.80 $12.00 $24,960 5.7 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 30 0.05% $8.82 $10.13 $21,070 7.4 %
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Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 240 0.38% $10.93 $12.61 $26,230 5.0 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 120 0.19% $10.81 $11.81 $24,560 4.4 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 30 0.05% $9.34 $9.63 $20,030 4.1 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 70 0.11% $12.40 $13.33 $27,720 15.3 %
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Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 290 0.46% $8.42 $9.91 $20,610 4.1 %
39-6021 Tour Guides and Escorts 50 0.08% $10.36 $10.88 $22,630 15.8 %
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Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 1,580 2.49% $8.78 $15.60 $32,460 10.7 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 100 0.16% $30.36 $34.44 $71,640 14.4 %
41-2011 Cashiers (8) (8) $13.22 $12.94 $26,920 7.3 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 30 0.05% $10.70 $13.31 $27,690 13.8 %
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 100 0.16% $31.08 $34.46 $71,680 7.3 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 80 0.13% $21.01 $26.96 $56,080 21.7 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 30 0.05% $24.22 $27.59 $57,390 11.5 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 950 1.50% $8.03 $9.95 $20,700 8.0 %
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other 180 0.28% $14.30 $18.52 $38,530 19.1 %
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Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 17,090 26.94% $13.72 $15.02 $31,240 1.8 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 1,470 2.32% $23.90 $25.70 $53,450 2.4 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 50 0.08% $13.20 $13.39 $27,860 3.3 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 80 0.13% $15.53 $16.93 $35,210 3.5 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 50 0.08% $17.21 $16.39 $34,080 2.5 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 630 0.99% $16.41 $16.57 $34,460 2.1 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 70 0.11% $18.43 $18.61 $38,720 3.2 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 340 0.54% $12.30 $13.48 $28,040 13.9 %
43-4071 File Clerks 30 0.05% $10.19 $10.98 $22,840 5.3 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan 5,100 8.04% $10.86 $11.01 $22,890 4.1 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 160 0.25% $17.39 $17.66 $36,740 3.5 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 750 1.18% $10.92 $11.79 $24,510 4.8 %
43-4199 Information and Record Clerks, All Other 50 0.08% $13.44 $14.13 $29,380 7.7 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping (8) (8) $10.20 $10.80 $22,460 6.5 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 2,690 4.24% $18.04 $19.16 $39,850 1.3 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 2,130 3.36% $14.71 $15.03 $31,270 1.4 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 40 0.06% $17.07 $18.70 $38,890 7.6 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 320 0.50% $11.92 $12.77 $26,550 3.9 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 160 0.25% $17.09 $17.62 $36,650 4.8 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 80 0.13% $12.62 $12.53 $26,070 2.5 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 2,280 3.59% $12.08 $12.86 $26,750 2.3 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 50 0.08% $12.96 $13.66 $28,420 4.3 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants 170 0.27% $14.66 $15.62 $32,490 5.8 %
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other 130 0.20% $14.56 $16.43 $34,180 5.5 %
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Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 180 0.28% $18.82 $20.54 $42,720 12.2 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 30 0.05% $27.47 $30.18 $62,760 10.3 %
47-2111 Electricians 40 0.06% $24.76 $24.70 $51,380 13.1 %
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Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 230 0.36% $18.44 $20.39 $42,420 5.5 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 50 0.08% $20.12 $20.53 $42,710 6.7 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 120 0.19% $15.76 $16.87 $35,090 5.5 %

About May 2004 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(8) Estimates not released.

(9) Wage data for this occupation were removed because of reporting errors.




Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2004 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2004 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2004 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2004 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2004 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: November 24, 2008

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