Occupational Employment Statistics

Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2004

19-1031 Conservation Scientists

Manage, improve, and protect natural resources to maximize their use without damaging the environment. May conduct soil surveys and develop plans to eliminate soil erosion or to protect rangelands from fire and rodent damage. May instruct farmers, agricultural production managers, or ranchers in best ways to use crop rotation, contour plowing, or terracing to conserve soil and water; in the number and kind of livestock and forage plants best suited to particular ranges; and in range and farm improvements, such as fencing and reservoirs for stock watering. Exclude "Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists" (19-1023) and "Foresters" (19-1032).

National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
State profile for this occupation
Metropolitan area profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
14,290 2.1 % $25.72 $53,500 0.6 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $14.78 $19.07 $25.23 $31.51 $37.73
Annual Wage (2) $30,740 $39,660 $52,480 $65,550 $78,470

Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage
Federal government (OES designation) 7,610 $28.67 $59,630
State government (OES designation) 2,710 $23.13 $48,120
Local government (OES designation) 2,220 $20.05 $41,700
Social advocacy organizations 440 $23.76 $49,430
Management and technical consulting services 250 $26.08 $54,240

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage
Scientific research and development services 130 $29.52 $61,410
Architectural and engineering services 130 $29.16 $60,650
Federal government (OES designation) 7,610 $28.67 $59,630
Management of companies and enterprises 110 $27.37 $56,940
Management and technical consulting services 250 $26.08 $54,240

State profile for this occupation: Top

States with the highest concentration of workers in this occupation:

State Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage Percent of State employment
Montana 370 $25.08 $52,170 0.092%
Alaska 260 $28.76 $59,820 0.089%
South Dakota 270 $22.40 $46,600 0.073%
Wyoming 150 $26.22 $54,540 0.061%
North Dakota 170 $23.04 $47,920 0.053%

Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage Percent of State employment
Connecticut 60 $30.21 $62,830 0.004%
Washington 770 $29.35 $61,050 0.030%
Florida 320 $29.11 $60,540 0.004%
Virginia 390 $28.99 $60,300 0.011%
Arkansas 130 $28.82 $59,940 0.012%

Metropolitan area profile for this occupation: Top

Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of workers in this occupation:

MSA Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage Percent of MSA employment
Olympia, WA PMSA 90 $30.74 $63,940 0.104%
Madison, WI MSA 220 $27.40 $56,990 0.077%
Grand Junction, CO MSA 30 $24.01 $49,930 0.056%
Flagstaff, AZ-UT MSA 30 $24.12 $50,170 0.053%
Biloxi-Gulfport-Pascagoula, MS MSA 70 $25.21 $52,440 0.046%

Top paying Metropolitan areas for this occupation:

MSA Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage Percent of MSA employment
Washington, DC-MD-VA-WV PMSA 370 $39.44 $82,040 0.013%
Anchorage, AK MSA 40 $34.95 $72,700 0.029%
Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA PMSA 40 $33.30 $69,260 0.045%
Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA PMSA 310 $32.99 $68,620 0.024%
Portland-Vancouver, OR-WA PMSA 190 $32.98 $68,600 0.020%

About May 2004 National, State, and Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia. The top five employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable Excel files(XLS).

Percentile wage estimates show the percentage of workers in an occupation that earn less than a given wage and the percentage that earn more. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate—50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

All Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations

May 2004 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2004 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2004 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2004 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2004 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: June 02, 2005

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