Occupational Employment Statistics

May 2004 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Roanoke, VA MSA



For metropolitan area definitions used by the OES survey, see the MSA definitions page.


Links to OES estimates for other areas and States

Major Occupational Groups in Roanoke, VA MSA (Note--clicking a link will scroll the page to the occupational group):

All Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 137,510 $12.66 $16.02 $33,330 1.7 %
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Management Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 4,900 $33.39 $37.61 $78,230 2.1 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 160 $52.09 $55.29 $114,990 4.6 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 1,610 $36.71 $44.16 $91,860 3.1 %
11-1031 Legislators 30 (7) (7) (7) (7)
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 30 $26.31 $32.78 $68,170 12.6 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 90 $45.47 $48.32 $100,500 4.1 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 200 $32.53 $37.81 $78,650 3.9 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 160 $25.15 $27.19 $56,550 5.4 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 260 $35.77 $39.71 $82,600 6.3 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 370 $41.97 $43.58 $90,640 2.9 %
11-3041 Compensation and Benefits Managers 40 $29.45 $32.29 $67,160 8.0 %
11-3042 Training and Development Managers 40 $31.68 $31.56 $65,650 6.0 %
11-3049 Human Resources Managers, All Other 40 $38.88 $43.61 $90,710 11.4 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 130 $31.58 $32.42 $67,440 3.8 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 50 $29.84 $32.99 $68,610 6.1 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 160 $27.60 $31.12 $64,740 4.5 %
11-9031 Education Administrators, Preschool and Child Care Center/Program 30 $13.26 $16.00 $33,280 8.0 %
11-9032 Education Administrators, Elementary and Secondary School 160 (4) (4) $69,370 1.7 %
11-9033 Education Administrators, Postsecondary (7) $19.26 $23.67 $49,240 7.8 %
11-9039 Education Administrators, All Other 30 $39.41 $36.75 $76,450 4.2 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 140 $34.02 $37.13 $77,230 5.3 %
11-9051 Food Service Managers 220 $19.44 $19.72 $41,010 5.4 %
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 220 $37.26 $39.56 $82,280 5.7 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 150 $16.08 $19.50 $40,570 13.4 %
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers 90 $23.01 $24.60 $51,170 4.2 %
11-9199 Managers, All Other 210 $35.75 $36.09 $75,060 3.7 %
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Business and Financial Operations Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 5,590 $22.26 $24.52 $51,000 1.8 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 140 $22.73 $22.55 $46,910 5.2 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 250 $19.68 $20.13 $41,880 2.3 %
13-1031 Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 330 $21.05 $22.10 $45,970 3.2 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 140 $19.85 $21.94 $45,630 5.6 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 220 $21.86 $23.08 $48,000 3.7 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 140 $18.82 $19.58 $40,730 4.4 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 80 $21.04 $22.91 $47,650 3.8 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 340 $20.27 $21.97 $45,700 4.3 %
13-1079 Human Resources, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists, All Other 190 $18.24 $18.28 $38,020 10.1 %
13-1081 Logisticians 50 $33.72 $34.50 $71,760 6.1 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 30 $16.02 $16.34 $33,980 2.8 %
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other 480 $24.08 $26.34 $54,780 3.5 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 920 $21.51 $24.82 $51,630 2.6 %
13-2021 Appraisers and Assessors of Real Estate 130 $18.80 $19.55 $40,660 1.8 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 40 $22.05 $22.48 $46,750 2.7 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 30 $22.91 $23.94 $49,800 5.6 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 120 $27.88 $33.92 $70,550 12.4 %
13-2052 Personal Financial Advisors 170 $29.47 $37.43 $77,860 10.8 %
13-2053 Insurance Underwriters (7) $20.91 $23.35 $48,560 2.5 %
13-2072 Loan Officers 260 $26.07 $29.41 $61,160 7.9 %
13-2081 Tax Examiners, Collectors, and Revenue Agents 80 $19.54 $21.99 $45,730 1.5 %
13-2082 Tax Preparers (7) $10.79 $14.47 $30,100 8.7 %
13-2099 Financial Specialists, All Other 80 $20.08 $22.57 $46,940 5.2 %
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Computer and Mathematical Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations 3,540 $27.54 $29.00 $60,330 2.9 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 400 $24.34 $25.45 $52,940 4.2 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 840 $34.83 $36.36 $75,630 4.9 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 670 $33.06 $34.55 $71,870 4.8 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 540 $13.88 $15.39 $32,000 6.0 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 360 $25.96 $27.29 $56,760 1.5 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 90 $20.28 $24.26 $50,450 6.0 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 270 $24.98 $25.62 $53,280 2.7 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 140 $22.65 $25.08 $52,170 2.3 %
15-1099 Computer Specialists, All Other 60 $36.00 $35.79 $74,440 10.8 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts (7) $35.37 $36.27 $75,440 2.9 %
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Architecture and Engineering Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 2,160 $25.15 $26.98 $56,120 3.5 %
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval 100 $32.40 $31.12 $64,730 6.2 %
17-1022 Surveyors 40 $19.79 $20.72 $43,090 9.3 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 190 $26.44 $27.99 $58,220 4.2 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 350 $34.79 $36.24 $75,380 4.2 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 50 $33.81 $32.96 $68,560 9.1 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 70 $25.36 $28.63 $59,540 10.2 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 100 $24.58 $24.13 $50,200 1.7 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 210 $26.12 $28.10 $58,450 4.1 %
17-2199 Engineers, All Other (7) $32.44 $33.32 $69,300 1.9 %
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters 90 $16.42 $16.83 $35,000 3.3 %
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters 30 $18.72 $20.44 $42,520 7.3 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 50 $15.23 $16.52 $34,360 2.6 %
17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians 170 $15.20 $15.34 $31,900 3.2 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 110 $20.49 $20.49 $42,620 4.4 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 30 $20.43 $21.93 $45,610 8.4 %
17-3029 Engineering Technicians, Except Drafters, All Other (7) $21.35 $22.43 $46,660 3.8 %
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 40 $12.94 $13.89 $28,900 2.8 %
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Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations (7) $21.39 $23.63 $49,150 2.8 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 60 $20.54 $23.56 $49,000 9.9 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 220 $20.77 $22.73 $47,280 3.5 %
19-3031 Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists 40 $25.09 $29.45 $61,260 5.4 %
19-3051 Urban and Regional Planners 50 $19.81 $21.58 $44,890 1.5 %
19-4099 Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians, All Other 30 $19.15 $18.71 $38,920 11.7 %
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Community and Social Services Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 1,500 $15.80 $16.45 $34,210 2.1 %
21-1011 Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors 40 $15.70 $15.31 $31,840 6.4 %
21-1012 Educational, Vocational, and School Counselors 150 $22.80 $22.56 $46,920 2.2 %
21-1014 Mental Health Counselors 120 $13.44 $13.39 $27,860 7.1 %
21-1015 Rehabilitation Counselors 110 $13.32 $14.30 $29,740 1.8 %
21-1021 Child, Family, and School Social Workers 350 $15.02 $15.22 $31,660 1.4 %
21-1022 Medical and Public Health Social Workers 80 $14.06 $15.22 $31,650 5.4 %
21-1023 Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers 60 $19.07 $18.92 $39,340 1.4 %
21-1029 Social Workers, All Other 70 $17.96 $19.41 $40,380 12.7 %
21-1091 Health Educators 40 $19.20 $17.93 $37,290 5.3 %
21-1092 Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists 140 $15.72 $16.23 $33,760 1.5 %
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants 100 $10.33 $11.23 $23,360 2.9 %
21-1099 Community and Social Service Specialists, All Other 120 $18.05 $17.29 $35,960 3.2 %
21-2011 Clergy 30 $18.04 $18.21 $37,880 7.2 %
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Legal Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 920 $23.89 $29.58 $61,530 6.4 %
23-1011 Lawyers 370 $36.20 $44.19 $91,920 9.1 %
23-1021 Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers 40 $37.91 $38.85 $80,810 2.3 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 280 $15.05 $16.08 $33,450 5.7 %
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Education, Training, and Library Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 6,920 $17.73 $18.83 $39,170 2.9 %
25-1011 Business Teachers, Postsecondary 40 (4) (4) $53,770 10.6 %
25-1021 Computer Science Teachers, Postsecondary 50 (4) (4) $43,750 10.6 %
25-1022 Mathematical Science Teachers, Postsecondary 30 (4) (4) $50,720 3.7 %
25-1123 English Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary 60 (4) (4) $48,230 3.4 %
25-1199 Postsecondary Teachers, All Other (7) (4) $33.53 $69,740 6.2 %
25-2011 Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education 430 $9.41 $10.90 $22,680 3.5 %
25-2021 Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education 1,290 (4) (4) $47,840 5.3 %
25-2022 Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Vocational Education 660 (4) (4) $50,650 4.6 %
25-2031 Secondary School Teachers, Except Special and Vocational Education 770 (4) (4) $49,850 4.4 %
25-2042 Special Education Teachers, Middle School 60 (4) (4) $42,230 2.7 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers (7) $12.66 $13.27 $27,600 2.8 %
25-4021 Librarians 160 $22.71 $22.52 $46,850 3.2 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 50 $20.35 $19.71 $40,990 1.5 %
25-9041 Teacher Assistants 1,140 (4) (4) $17,660 3.4 %
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Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 1,520 $14.54 $16.99 $35,350 4.7 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers (7) $21.82 $22.89 $47,610 6.3 %
27-1023 Floral Designers (7) $8.93 $8.60 $17,890 5.2 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 190 $15.21 $15.56 $32,360 4.9 %
27-1026 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers (7) $9.60 $10.94 $22,750 6.9 %
27-2012 Producers and Directors 60 $19.41 $19.26 $40,050 3.7 %
27-2022 Coaches and Scouts 110 (4) (4) $35,160 13.4 %
27-3011 Radio and Television Announcers 90 $9.74 $12.04 $25,030 11.9 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 180 $17.57 $19.14 $39,810 4.2 %
27-3041 Editors 80 $18.42 $21.65 $45,040 3.8 %
27-3042 Technical Writers (7) $24.20 $27.20 $56,580 11.0 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 30 $17.53 $25.64 $53,320 26.3 %
27-3099 Media and Communication Workers, All Other (7) $11.56 $12.13 $25,230 4.3 %
27-4012 Broadcast Technicians 60 $13.45 $20.21 $42,040 18.3 %
27-4021 Photographers 50 $10.38 $12.74 $26,490 10.7 %
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Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 8,240 $21.07 $25.79 $53,640 3.4 %
29-1021 Dentists, General (7) $66.44 $70.27 $146,170 10.5 %
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists 50 $20.07 $20.03 $41,650 2.5 %
29-1051 Pharmacists 340 $39.34 $37.72 $78,460 5.3 %
29-1062 Family and General Practitioners 180 (5) $83.90 $174,520 10.5 %
29-1063 Internists, General (7) $42.12 $44.12 $91,770 11.2 %
29-1071 Physician Assistants 40 $28.41 $29.62 $61,620 5.5 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 3,000 $23.35 $23.59 $49,060 2.5 %
29-1122 Occupational Therapists 130 $26.01 $26.12 $54,340 3.4 %
29-1123 Physical Therapists 150 $29.16 $28.51 $59,290 1.7 %
29-1127 Speech-Language Pathologists 100 $22.67 $24.47 $50,910 3.7 %
29-1131 Veterinarians 80 $33.22 $33.51 $69,690 4.9 %
29-2012 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 200 $14.20 $14.08 $29,290 3.7 %
29-2021 Dental Hygienists (7) $24.90 $24.72 $51,430 5.4 %
29-2031 Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians 100 $12.99 $15.16 $31,530 1.1 %
29-2041 Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics 220 $13.29 $13.27 $27,600 2.0 %
29-2052 Pharmacy Technicians 350 $10.72 $11.42 $23,760 2.3 %
29-2056 Veterinary Technologists and Technicians 50 $10.10 $10.32 $21,460 5.5 %
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses 1,080 $15.40 $15.42 $32,080 2.2 %
29-2071 Medical Records and Health Information Technicians 220 $13.30 $14.09 $29,300 3.5 %
29-9011 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists 60 $23.79 $24.92 $51,830 5.5 %
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Healthcare Support Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 4,110 $10.22 $10.53 $21,900 2.0 %
31-1011 Home Health Aides 310 $8.49 $8.97 $18,650 6.1 %
31-1012 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 1,900 $9.80 $9.84 $20,460 2.6 %
31-2011 Occupational Therapist Assistants 60 $16.37 $15.35 $31,930 8.5 %
31-2021 Physical Therapist Assistants 70 $18.90 $18.65 $38,800 1.6 %
31-2022 Physical Therapist Aides 50 $10.12 $10.09 $20,990 1.6 %
31-9091 Dental Assistants 350 $11.42 $11.58 $24,080 3.4 %
31-9092 Medical Assistants 660 $10.31 $10.71 $22,280 5.7 %
31-9094 Medical Transcriptionists 170 $12.65 $12.83 $26,680 1.9 %
31-9096 Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers 60 $8.19 $8.42 $17,520 4.4 %
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Protective Service Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 2,720 $15.06 $15.31 $31,850 5.4 %
33-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Police and Detectives 110 $26.98 $28.12 $58,480 2.6 %
33-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Fire Fighting and Prevention Workers 130 $23.14 $23.19 $48,230 2.7 %
33-3021 Detectives and Criminal Investigators 100 $24.48 $25.94 $53,960 8.0 %
33-9021 Private Detectives and Investigators (7) $14.21 $16.85 $35,040 4.2 %
33-9032 Security Guards 760 $8.30 $8.86 $18,430 2.3 %
33-9092 Lifeguards, Ski Patrol, and Other Recreational Protective Service Workers 150 $7.77 $7.70 $16,010 2.9 %
33-9099 Protective Service Workers, All Other 90 $12.17 $14.40 $29,940 5.0 %
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Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 9,790 $7.02 $7.79 $16,200 1.7 %
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 40 $16.88 $20.96 $43,590 25.5 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 870 $11.51 $12.65 $26,310 3.1 %
35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food 470 $6.70 $7.15 $14,870 3.9 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 270 $9.03 $9.79 $20,360 3.3 %
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant 820 $8.22 $8.45 $17,570 2.2 %
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order 110 $6.93 $7.38 $15,350 6.6 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 740 $7.62 $7.76 $16,140 2.4 %
35-3011 Bartenders 90 $6.59 $7.20 $14,970 4.6 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 2,200 $6.77 $7.31 $15,200 4.2 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 350 $7.32 $7.67 $15,950 3.6 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses 2,540 $6.38 $6.66 $13,860 2.8 %
35-3041 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant 220 $6.68 $6.86 $14,260 3.3 %
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 180 $6.17 $6.17 $12,820 2.5 %
35-9021 Dishwashers 470 $6.62 $6.66 $13,850 2.5 %
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop 410 $6.71 $6.66 $13,850 4.2 %
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Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 4,120 $8.43 $9.31 $19,360 2.5 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 190 $13.48 $14.54 $30,240 4.5 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 70 $17.67 $18.92 $39,360 3.5 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 2,180 $8.37 $8.87 $18,440 3.2 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 1,020 $7.50 $7.61 $15,820 3.5 %
37-2021 Pest Control Workers 80 $13.24 $14.60 $30,360 6.1 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 520 $9.34 $10.11 $21,030 2.4 %
37-3013 Tree Trimmers and Pruners 50 $12.00 $13.25 $27,560 9.4 %
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Personal Care and Service Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 2,620 $8.17 $9.60 $19,970 2.6 %
39-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service Workers 120 $14.27 $14.18 $29,500 5.5 %
39-2021 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers 100 $8.03 $7.92 $16,480 4.6 %
39-3031 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 110 $6.28 $6.37 $13,250 5.2 %
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 110 $7.25 $9.13 $18,990 2.2 %
39-5012 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 380 $7.32 $9.04 $18,790 10.7 %
39-5092 Manicurists and Pedicurists 80 $8.51 $9.60 $19,970 14.0 %
39-6011 Baggage Porters and Bellhops 60 (7) (7) (7) (7)
39-9011 Child Care Workers 540 $7.10 $7.56 $15,720 3.9 %
39-9021 Personal and Home Care Aides 220 $7.68 $7.73 $16,070 5.8 %
39-9031 Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors 390 $12.91 $12.92 $26,870 2.0 %
39-9032 Recreation Workers 100 $9.23 $10.35 $21,540 6.0 %
39-9099 Personal Care and Service Workers, All Other 50 $8.06 $9.05 $18,830 6.8 %
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Sales and Related Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 16,280 $10.49 $14.84 $30,870 3.4 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 1,300 $15.18 $16.64 $34,600 3.0 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 470 $30.23 $34.18 $71,100 6.1 %
41-2011 Cashiers 4,060 $7.73 $7.85 $16,320 1.7 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 430 $9.61 $11.70 $24,340 6.5 %
41-2022 Parts Salespersons 220 $13.88 $13.78 $28,660 3.0 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 4,760 $8.62 $9.98 $20,750 2.4 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents 220 $20.56 $23.29 $48,440 8.8 %
41-3021 Insurance Sales Agents 490 $16.58 $20.24 $42,090 8.2 %
41-3031 Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents 340 $21.17 $25.93 $53,940 6.2 %
41-3041 Travel Agents 50 $11.97 $12.49 $25,980 12.2 %
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 280 $27.08 $27.93 $58,080 6.5 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 330 $21.88 $34.23 $71,200 12.0 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 2,050 $21.31 $25.65 $53,350 4.9 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters 50 $10.38 $12.49 $25,970 6.0 %
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents 140 $15.22 $16.54 $34,400 9.9 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers 100 $28.93 $30.44 $63,300 7.4 %
41-9041 Telemarketers (7) $9.54 $10.33 $21,480 3.7 %
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other (7) $23.88 $23.68 $49,260 4.1 %
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Office and Administrative Support Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 26,400 $11.53 $12.70 $26,420 1.6 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 1,470 $18.85 $22.65 $47,120 6.3 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 260 $9.12 $9.52 $19,790 4.2 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 800 $14.09 $14.49 $30,140 10.2 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 700 $11.04 $11.80 $24,550 2.7 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 2,040 $11.71 $12.33 $25,640 2.4 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 230 $12.43 $13.13 $27,320 3.7 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 50 $11.99 $12.61 $26,220 2.7 %
43-3071 Tellers 330 $10.61 $10.86 $22,580 1.6 %
43-4031 Court, Municipal, and License Clerks 70 $13.41 $14.79 $30,760 1.3 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 90 $12.54 $12.94 $26,920 2.0 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 3,050 $12.07 $12.54 $26,090 2.1 %
43-4061 Eligibility Interviewers, Government Programs 170 $14.44 $15.02 $31,240 1.5 %
43-4071 File Clerks (7) $10.65 $11.35 $23,610 2.9 %
43-4081 Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks 230 $7.55 $7.52 $15,630 2.9 %
43-4121 Library Assistants, Clerical 60 $9.60 $10.06 $20,920 4.1 %
43-4131 Loan Interviewers and Clerks 80 $13.54 $14.09 $29,310 2.5 %
43-4141 New Accounts Clerks 40 $13.89 $14.90 $30,990 4.5 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 180 $13.88 $14.31 $29,770 2.6 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 1,060 $9.12 $9.20 $19,140 1.6 %
43-4181 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks 110 $10.77 $10.34 $21,510 6.8 %
43-4199 Information and Record Clerks, All Other 520 $9.65 $11.61 $24,160 11.7 %
43-5011 Cargo and Freight Agents (7) $15.52 $15.86 $32,980 4.6 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 160 $9.00 $9.04 $18,800 1.8 %
43-5031 Police, Fire, and Ambulance Dispatchers 150 $14.04 $14.35 $29,850 1.9 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 190 $14.78 $15.51 $32,260 5.6 %
43-5051 Postal Service Clerks 70 $20.15 $20.39 $42,400 2.3 %
43-5052 Postal Service Mail Carriers 300 $21.89 $21.12 $43,930 2.3 %
43-5053 Postal Service Mail Sorters, Processors, and Processing Machine Operators 370 $19.14 $18.51 $38,500 3.7 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 340 $15.96 $17.27 $35,930 4.0 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 1,150 $10.59 $10.95 $22,770 2.0 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 2,290 $9.53 $9.98 $20,770 2.0 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 70 $13.71 $15.84 $32,940 9.4 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 800 $15.64 $16.36 $34,020 1.8 %
43-6012 Legal Secretaries (7) $11.15 $12.32 $25,620 4.1 %
43-6013 Medical Secretaries 360 $10.76 $10.97 $22,830 2.1 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 1,180 $11.35 $11.37 $23,660 4.0 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 190 $13.21 $14.00 $29,120 3.4 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 580 $8.94 $8.97 $18,660 5.5 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 50 $11.23 $11.75 $24,440 4.0 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 350 $7.68 $8.34 $17,350 5.1 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 3,590 $11.08 $11.52 $23,960 1.7 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 60 $11.22 $11.50 $23,930 3.4 %
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other 260 $14.19 $15.12 $31,450 3.6 %
&nbsp
Construction and Extraction Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 6,940 $12.81 $13.82 $28,750 2.3 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 820 $20.54 $21.93 $45,620 3.0 %
47-2021 Brickmasons and Blockmasons 130 $19.02 $18.10 $37,650 4.3 %
47-2031 Carpenters 1,070 $13.35 $13.74 $28,580 3.2 %
47-2041 Carpet Installers 30 $11.32 $14.37 $29,890 23.0 %
47-2044 Tile and Marble Setters (7) $12.56 $13.54 $28,170 10.1 %
47-2051 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers 160 $11.91 $13.43 $27,940 7.6 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 780 $9.49 $9.45 $19,650 2.7 %
47-2071 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators (7) $10.84 $11.31 $23,530 2.4 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 550 $13.59 $14.67 $30,510 2.2 %
47-2081 Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers 90 $14.98 $14.64 $30,450 1.8 %
47-2111 Electricians 440 $15.77 $16.17 $33,640 2.9 %
47-2131 Insulation Workers, Floor, Ceiling, and Wall 50 $11.02 $11.28 $23,460 7.4 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 170 $12.68 $12.82 $26,660 10.9 %
47-2151 Pipelayers 60 $12.02 $12.26 $25,500 9.0 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 710 $10.77 $11.29 $23,470 10.1 %
47-2161 Plasterers and Stucco Masons (7) $12.20 $11.98 $24,920 9.7 %
47-2181 Roofers 200 $13.80 $14.17 $29,480 5.0 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 120 $13.94 $14.12 $29,370 3.9 %
47-2221 Structural Iron and Steel Workers 100 $12.79 $13.84 $28,790 11.5 %
47-3012 Helpers--Carpenters 150 $10.70 $10.56 $21,970 3.5 %
47-3013 Helpers--Electricians 190 $10.87 $10.69 $22,230 4.7 %
47-3015 Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 100 $9.69 $9.80 $20,380 4.4 %
47-3016 Helpers--Roofers 50 $9.67 $9.58 $19,920 3.8 %
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors 60 $16.80 $17.13 $35,640 1.8 %
47-4051 Highway Maintenance Workers 190 $12.03 $12.65 $26,320 3.7 %
47-4099 Construction and Related Workers, All Other 80 $10.26 $10.46 $21,750 2.9 %
&nbsp
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 6,470 $15.44 $16.12 $33,540 1.6 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 750 $21.65 $22.02 $45,810 2.3 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 150 $19.26 $19.07 $39,660 3.4 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 140 $16.62 $16.85 $35,050 11.4 %
49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers 60 $15.53 $15.34 $31,900 3.7 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 110 $15.67 $15.82 $32,900 2.8 %
49-2098 Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers (7) $13.41 $14.12 $29,370 2.3 %
49-3021 Automotive Body and Related Repairers (7) $15.05 $15.55 $32,330 4.4 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 800 $13.68 $14.72 $30,630 6.1 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 590 $16.92 $17.88 $37,180 4.3 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 260 $16.54 $16.46 $34,240 2.9 %
49-3093 Tire Repairers and Changers 100 $9.11 $10.13 $21,070 10.9 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 350 $14.51 $14.33 $29,800 4.8 %
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers (7) $10.48 $12.96 $26,950 4.1 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 190 $16.84 $17.24 $35,870 2.9 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 1,410 $13.54 $14.23 $29,600 3.5 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 100 $13.98 $14.26 $29,660 5.3 %
49-9051 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 200 $20.94 $19.75 $41,090 6.2 %
49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers 80 $14.74 $14.94 $31,080 4.9 %
49-9062 Medical Equipment Repairers 50 $17.55 $18.09 $37,620 1.9 %
49-9098 Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers (7) $11.76 $12.94 $26,910 8.5 %
49-9099 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other 160 $14.37 $14.92 $31,030 5.9 %
&nbsp
Production Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 10,550 $12.18 $13.29 $27,640 3.0 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 800 $20.28 $22.03 $45,810 2.8 %
51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 400 $11.03 $13.23 $27,510 4.4 %
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters (7) $11.38 $12.58 $26,170 2.3 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 1,170 $11.69 $11.46 $23,830 6.0 %
51-2099 Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other 180 $10.62 $10.77 $22,390 4.1 %
51-3011 Bakers 70 $9.00 $9.97 $20,750 8.9 %
51-3021 Butchers and Meat Cutters 100 $12.72 $12.69 $26,400 2.5 %
51-3022 Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers (7) $9.83 $9.80 $20,370 2.9 %
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 280 $12.90 $13.04 $27,120 3.4 %
51-4032 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 40 $12.72 $12.55 $26,100 5.3 %
51-4033 Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 50 $11.10 $11.25 $23,410 2.1 %
51-4034 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 70 $12.04 $11.69 $24,320 4.4 %
51-4041 Machinists 340 $14.24 $14.49 $30,130 3.2 %
51-4072 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 90 $10.13 $10.25 $21,320 2.7 %
51-4111 Tool and Die Makers 80 $17.76 $18.70 $38,900 4.9 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 380 $14.74 $14.44 $30,020 2.3 %
51-4122 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 30 $11.34 $12.22 $25,410 8.8 %
51-4199 Metal Workers and Plastic Workers, All Other (7) $15.37 $15.50 $32,230 3.1 %
51-5011 Bindery Workers 130 $12.55 $12.84 $26,710 6.0 %
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers 80 $12.40 $12.89 $26,800 3.6 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 210 $13.30 $13.84 $28,780 3.8 %
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 250 $8.31 $8.66 $18,000 2.1 %
51-6021 Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 130 $7.66 $7.57 $15,740 2.7 %
51-6052 Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers (7) $10.76 $11.08 $23,040 6.7 %
51-6091 Extruding and Forming Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Synthetic and Glass Fibers (7) $12.89 $13.02 $27,080 9.4 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 100 $14.06 $14.15 $29,440 1.7 %
51-9021 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 60 $11.74 $11.72 $24,390 6.2 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 180 $13.57 $14.37 $29,880 4.8 %
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 220 $14.51 $14.07 $29,270 5.5 %
51-9051 Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders 50 $16.36 $15.01 $31,230 9.3 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 530 $12.60 $13.60 $28,290 4.0 %
51-9083 Ophthalmic Laboratory Technicians (7) $15.07 $14.78 $30,730 8.3 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 680 $9.49 $10.02 $20,840 4.8 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 80 $14.00 $14.78 $30,740 5.7 %
51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers 40 $9.51 $9.49 $19,740 5.4 %
51-9195 Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic (7) $12.54 $12.38 $25,750 2.8 %
51-9196 Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 130 $12.59 $13.04 $27,120 7.0 %
51-9198 Helpers--Production Workers 410 $9.64 $12.05 $25,070 16.0 %
51-9199 Production Workers, All Other 110 $10.96 $11.44 $23,790 3.4 %
&nbsp
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 11,520 $10.89 $12.26 $25,490 2.6 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 150 $19.01 $19.50 $40,570 3.3 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 390 $18.07 $19.27 $40,090 3.3 %
53-2012 Commercial Pilots 30 (4) (4) $58,260 5.9 %
53-3022 Bus Drivers, School 530 $10.89 $11.33 $23,560 7.1 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 690 $8.42 $10.74 $22,350 12.1 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 1,800 $14.70 $14.99 $31,180 3.5 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light or Delivery Services 1,460 $11.36 $12.30 $25,580 4.4 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 200 $7.89 $8.39 $17,440 10.7 %
53-3099 Motor Vehicle Operators, All Other (7) $9.54 $10.70 $22,250 8.7 %
53-6021 Parking Lot Attendants 110 $7.98 $7.96 $16,560 3.3 %
53-6031 Service Station Attendants 70 $6.38 $7.63 $15,870 17.5 %
53-7011 Conveyor Operators and Tenders (7) $11.11 $11.68 $24,280 3.3 %
53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators 80 $12.51 $12.80 $26,630 3.7 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 880 $11.98 $12.54 $26,080 2.8 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 210 $8.41 $8.74 $18,180 3.1 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 2,820 $10.09 $11.30 $23,500 6.7 %
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers (7) $9.63 $9.66 $20,100 3.5 %
53-7081 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 300 $9.99 $10.10 $21,000 10.2 %
53-7199 Material Moving Workers, All Other 40 $13.15 $13.71 $28,520 12.0 %

About May 2004 National, State, and Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(5) This wage is equal to or greater than $70.00 per hour or $145,600 per year.

(7) Estimates not released.

(9) Wage data for this occupation were removed because of reporting errors.




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State estimates for Virginia


Virginia's metropolitan area estimates:

May 2004 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2004 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2004 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2004 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2004 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: November 24, 2008

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