Occupational Employment Statistics

November 2004 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 237000 - Heavy and Civil Engineering Construction


These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in NAICS 237000 - Heavy and Civil Engineering Construction.

These and other data elements, including the 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages, are available in the downloadable Excel files (XLS).

NAICS Industry 237000 - Heavy and Civil Engineering Construction is part of: Sector 23 - Construction.

NAICS 237000 - Heavy and Civil Engineering Construction consists of:

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in NAICS 237000 - Heavy and Civil Engineering Construction:


NAICS 237000 - Heavy and Civil Engineering Construction

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 928,390 100.00% $16.86 $19.77 $41,120 0.4 %
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Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 56,010 6.03% $38.28 $44.21 $91,960 0.7 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 3,900 0.42% $65.65 $66.93 $139,220 1.4 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 17,400 1.87% $42.75 $49.34 $102,620 1.0 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 350 0.04% $43.10 $47.10 $97,970 3.7 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 690 0.07% $40.39 $44.36 $92,260 3.2 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 30 (7) $46.41 $42.48 $88,350 5.4 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 1,400 0.15% $26.00 $30.26 $62,940 3.5 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 120 0.01% $42.32 $44.75 $93,070 4.0 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 3,210 0.35% $38.02 $42.28 $87,940 1.4 %
11-3041 Compensation and Benefits Managers 270 0.03% $25.61 $28.50 $59,290 2.6 %
11-3049 Human Resources Managers, All Other 90 0.01% $34.11 $38.47 $80,020 5.2 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 110 0.01% $32.56 $33.69 $70,080 3.2 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 160 0.02% $38.93 $41.10 $85,490 4.8 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 90 0.01% $29.08 $35.36 $73,540 8.3 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 21,940 2.36% $34.91 $38.84 $80,790 0.8 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 1,040 0.11% $43.03 $46.20 $96,100 2.3 %
11-9081 Lodging Managers 70 0.01% $23.19 $25.19 $52,390 4.0 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 4,440 0.48% $32.29 $38.58 $80,240 3.8 %
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers 30 (7) $28.87 $27.58 $57,370 4.9 %
11-9199 Managers, All Other 570 0.06% $36.76 $39.42 $81,990 3.8 %
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Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 25,010 2.69% $25.96 $28.56 $59,400 0.9 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 1,910 0.21% $22.18 $24.29 $50,530 2.4 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 70 0.01% $20.88 $23.47 $48,820 3.8 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 11,280 1.22% $27.17 $29.39 $61,130 0.9 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 220 0.02% $22.18 $26.45 $55,020 6.4 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 300 0.03% $22.21 $23.81 $49,520 2.8 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 90 0.01% $23.77 $24.51 $50,990 3.3 %
13-1079 Human Resources, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists, All Other 270 0.03% $22.30 $24.25 $50,440 3.3 %
13-1081 Logisticians (8) (8) $27.46 $35.18 $73,180 4.1 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 930 0.10% $26.12 $29.33 $61,020 4.6 %
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other 2,290 0.25% $24.29 $28.63 $59,560 4.4 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 6,400 0.69% $26.04 $28.32 $58,910 1.2 %
13-2021 Appraisers and Assessors of Real Estate 160 0.02% $31.63 $33.68 $70,060 13.6 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 90 0.01% $25.24 $27.89 $58,020 5.1 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 110 0.01% $20.75 $23.16 $48,170 4.8 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 160 0.02% $30.92 $35.94 $74,750 8.8 %
13-2052 Personal Financial Advisors 70 0.01% $45.18 $42.28 $87,940 19.8 %
13-2071 Loan Counselors 200 0.02% $13.76 $15.97 $33,230 9.6 %
13-2072 Loan Officers (8) (8) $26.37 $35.43 $73,690 18.6 %
13-2099 Financial Specialists, All Other 190 0.02% $36.92 $38.44 $79,950 9.2 %
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Computer and Mathematical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations 1,290 0.14% $25.77 $27.11 $56,390 1.6 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 140 0.02% $25.37 $26.32 $54,750 3.1 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 80 0.01% $36.41 $35.39 $73,600 2.8 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 290 0.03% $20.22 $21.52 $44,760 2.6 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 110 0.01% $26.83 $28.97 $60,260 4.6 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 80 0.01% $25.55 $27.26 $56,710 2.9 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 310 0.03% $27.60 $28.96 $60,250 3.4 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 220 0.02% $27.64 $28.25 $58,760 2.8 %
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Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 16,110 1.74% $26.87 $28.46 $59,190 1.0 %
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval 240 0.03% $30.26 $33.84 $70,380 9.9 %
17-1012 Landscape Architects (8) (8) $22.95 $24.56 $51,080 4.2 %
17-1022 Surveyors 2,460 0.26% $19.90 $20.90 $43,480 1.4 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 7,140 0.77% $31.58 $33.36 $69,390 1.2 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 380 0.04% $34.34 $35.23 $73,280 4.0 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 110 0.01% $37.48 $36.18 $75,250 7.7 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 90 0.01% $31.75 $32.47 $67,540 2.3 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 1,610 0.17% $27.28 $28.66 $59,620 1.4 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 280 0.03% $25.73 $27.12 $56,400 3.7 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 120 0.01% $31.77 $34.27 $71,280 6.3 %
17-2171 Petroleum Engineers (8) (8) $43.69 $41.94 $87,230 7.6 %
17-2199 Engineers, All Other 270 0.03% $32.66 $33.45 $69,580 4.1 %
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters 710 0.08% $20.99 $23.01 $47,850 2.3 %
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters 100 0.01% $16.69 $17.98 $37,410 12.0 %
17-3019 Drafters, All Other 120 0.01% $18.92 $21.81 $45,370 11.8 %
17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians 1,130 0.12% $20.36 $21.05 $43,770 2.1 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 200 0.02% $20.34 $21.37 $44,460 7.4 %
17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technicians 40 (7) $15.02 $15.90 $33,080 4.5 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 50 0.01% $17.55 $18.02 $37,490 6.0 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 30 (7) $15.76 $16.11 $33,510 5.2 %
17-3029 Engineering Technicians, Except Drafters, All Other 30 (7) $19.20 $18.45 $38,370 5.2 %
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 310 0.03% $14.33 $15.32 $31,860 3.0 %
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Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 800 0.09% $27.20 $30.19 $62,790 3.8 %
19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers 30 (7) $29.08 $33.77 $70,230 12.1 %
19-2043 Hydrologists 50 0.01% $32.38 $32.32 $67,230 7.5 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 500 0.05% $27.62 $30.45 $63,340 5.9 %
19-3051 Urban and Regional Planners 30 (7) $39.25 $45.68 $95,020 14.1 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 30 (7) $14.35 $14.64 $30,460 4.4 %
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Community and Social Services Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 40 (7) $14.45 $14.13 $29,380 3.5 %
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Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 460 0.05% $29.17 $38.70 $80,500 4.9 %
23-1011 Lawyers 260 0.03% $48.21 $52.04 $108,250 5.5 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 110 0.01% (8) (8) (8) (8)
23-2093 Title Examiners, Abstractors, and Searchers 80 0.01% $15.81 $18.04 $37,520 11.2 %
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Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 630 0.07% $20.23 $21.98 $45,730 4.0 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 40 (7) $24.23 $25.31 $52,650 5.5 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 60 0.01% $20.60 $22.03 $45,830 4.4 %
27-1025 Interior Designers 130 0.01% $20.24 $22.61 $47,040 4.7 %
27-1026 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers (8) (8) $15.70 $15.16 $31,530 5.3 %
27-1029 Designers, All Other (8) (8) $20.91 $23.57 $49,020 20.3 %
27-2022 Coaches and Scouts 60 0.01% (4) (4) $33,440 5.2 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 150 0.02% $22.91 $23.70 $49,300 3.8 %
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Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 500 0.05% $21.15 $22.12 $46,010 2.6 %
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses (8) (8) $14.50 $16.25 $33,800 8.4 %
29-9011 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists 260 0.03% $23.66 $25.04 $52,090 2.3 %
29-9012 Occupational Health and Safety Technicians 100 0.01% $20.79 $22.35 $46,490 3.6 %
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Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 4,050 0.44% $11.29 $13.19 $27,440 2.8 %
33-9032 Security Guards 970 0.10% $9.33 $10.27 $21,370 2.5 %
33-9091 Crossing Guards 3,020 0.33% $12.59 $14.06 $29,250 3.3 %
33-9092 Lifeguards, Ski Patrol, and Other Recreational Protective Service Workers 30 (7) $8.16 $8.60 $17,880 5.6 %
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Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 1,550 0.17% $7.83 $8.80 $18,310 2.5 %
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 40 (7) $17.26 $20.24 $42,100 5.9 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 40 (7) $16.55 $16.73 $34,810 4.8 %
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant 190 0.02% $9.23 $10.07 $20,940 3.3 %
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order 40 (7) $10.36 $10.30 $21,430 4.9 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 40 (7) $7.20 $8.12 $16,880 6.8 %
35-3011 Bartenders 60 0.01% $7.75 $8.44 $17,550 4.6 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 50 0.01% $7.41 $7.83 $16,290 5.8 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 110 0.01% $6.78 $7.01 $14,590 2.8 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses 610 0.07% $6.84 $7.32 $15,230 3.4 %
35-3041 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant 30 (7) $6.91 $7.53 $15,670 7.2 %
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers (8) (8) $7.87 $7.99 $16,620 4.0 %
35-9021 Dishwashers 140 0.02% $7.61 $7.75 $16,110 4.1 %
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop (8) (8) $9.66 $10.07 $20,940 5.4 %
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Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 12,490 1.35% $9.98 $11.25 $23,410 1.7 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 150 0.02% $17.69 $16.94 $35,230 4.4 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 690 0.07% $18.36 $20.00 $41,600 2.5 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 3,180 0.34% $9.49 $9.94 $20,680 2.0 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 850 0.09% $8.33 $8.78 $18,260 2.1 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 6,960 0.75% $10.05 $11.20 $23,290 2.4 %
37-3012 Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation 60 0.01% $11.93 $12.78 $26,580 5.6 %
37-3013 Tree Trimmers and Pruners 440 0.05% $10.49 $11.77 $24,480 7.1 %
37-3019 Grounds Maintenance Workers, All Other (8) (8) $10.10 $11.39 $23,700 4.7 %
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Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 1,310 0.14% $8.78 $9.20 $19,140 2.3 %
39-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service Workers 60 0.01% $14.86 $15.42 $32,080 5.1 %
39-3031 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 80 0.01% $8.59 $8.73 $18,160 9.5 %
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants (8) (8) $8.39 $8.57 $17,820 3.2 %
39-9032 Recreation Workers (8) (8) $8.53 $9.54 $19,850 4.8 %
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Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 13,860 1.49% $20.96 $26.33 $54,760 3.1 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 80 0.01% $16.93 $17.79 $36,990 5.1 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 580 0.06% $29.76 $34.70 $72,180 5.2 %
41-2011 Cashiers 140 0.02% $7.21 $7.46 $15,510 3.1 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 180 0.02% $12.74 $13.96 $29,040 5.8 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 510 0.05% $10.15 $11.80 $24,550 5.8 %
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 2,150 0.23% $20.80 $25.06 $52,120 5.2 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 130 0.01% $31.32 $36.93 $76,810 8.8 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 2,970 0.32% $21.85 $25.49 $53,010 2.5 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters 150 0.02% $11.00 $13.65 $28,400 9.4 %
41-9021 Real Estate Brokers 1,260 0.14% $26.40 $34.35 $71,440 7.9 %
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents 4,480 0.48% $21.12 $28.66 $59,610 5.7 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers 190 0.02% $28.83 $33.39 $69,440 4.8 %
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other 520 0.06% $16.74 $24.84 $51,660 11.8 %
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Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 78,230 8.43% $13.95 $14.99 $31,180 0.5 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 6,100 0.66% $21.06 $22.56 $46,930 1.2 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 150 0.02% $11.09 $11.89 $24,730 2.8 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 360 0.04% $15.25 $15.27 $31,770 2.2 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 2,710 0.29% $14.21 $14.94 $31,080 1.2 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 14,570 1.57% $15.31 $15.87 $33,000 0.9 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 4,100 0.44% $15.05 $15.32 $31,870 0.7 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 200 0.02% $16.25 $16.62 $34,580 2.5 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 40 (7) $14.72 $14.97 $31,140 3.7 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 1,800 0.19% $14.95 $15.15 $31,520 8.6 %
43-4071 File Clerks 140 0.02% $9.91 $10.24 $21,300 3.3 %
43-4081 Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks 260 0.03% $9.64 $9.65 $20,080 3.6 %
43-4131 Loan Interviewers and Clerks 290 0.03% $17.16 $17.08 $35,520 3.2 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 260 0.03% $15.99 $16.57 $34,460 5.8 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 260 0.03% $15.37 $15.94 $33,160 2.2 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 5,170 0.56% $11.34 $11.77 $24,480 1.1 %
43-4181 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks 60 0.01% $10.51 $11.22 $23,340 8.1 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 210 0.02% $10.31 $11.23 $23,360 3.6 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 1,460 0.16% $15.94 $17.62 $36,660 2.6 %
43-5041 Meter Readers, Utilities 110 0.01% $15.66 $15.39 $32,010 3.5 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 520 0.06% $17.90 $18.21 $37,880 2.6 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 250 0.03% $12.69 $14.35 $29,840 5.8 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 490 0.05% $12.72 $13.64 $28,380 2.2 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 160 0.02% $11.46 $12.53 $26,070 5.3 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 10,010 1.08% $17.74 $18.56 $38,600 0.8 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 10,810 1.16% $12.22 $12.83 $26,690 0.8 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 170 0.02% $11.06 $11.58 $24,080 3.7 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 50 0.01% $12.26 $12.46 $25,930 11.9 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 17,070 1.84% $10.78 $11.61 $24,140 1.0 %
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other 230 0.02% $14.43 $14.19 $29,510 3.2 %
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Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 480 0.05% $10.30 $13.93 $28,970 10.5 %
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers 40 (7) $23.87 $26.54 $55,200 10.8 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 180 0.02% $9.45 $9.21 $19,150 4.9 %
45-2093 Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals 60 0.01% $10.53 $11.51 $23,930 6.4 %
45-4011 Forest and Conservation Workers (8) (8) $12.94 $12.64 $26,300 8.5 %
45-4021 Fallers (8) (8) $31.95 $29.23 $60,790 10.8 %
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Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 537,450 57.89% $16.36 $18.18 $37,810 0.4 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 62,090 6.69% $24.60 $26.06 $54,210 0.5 %
47-2011 Boilermakers 1,580 0.17% $21.98 $23.79 $49,490 3.2 %
47-2021 Brickmasons and Blockmasons 830 0.09% $19.11 $20.74 $43,130 5.3 %
47-2022 Stonemasons 190 0.02% $20.25 $19.15 $39,830 8.4 %
47-2031 Carpenters 29,170 3.14% $18.06 $19.74 $41,070 1.1 %
47-2044 Tile and Marble Setters (8) (8) $8.53 $8.85 $18,400 9.0 %
47-2051 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers 17,720 1.91% $15.11 $16.90 $35,140 1.3 %
47-2053 Terrazzo Workers and Finishers 310 0.03% $16.48 $19.16 $39,850 8.6 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 188,960 20.35% $12.80 $15.06 $31,330 0.6 %
47-2071 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 22,770 2.45% $14.90 $16.77 $34,890 1.5 %
47-2072 Pile-Driver Operators 3,000 0.32% $22.03 $23.11 $48,070 2.5 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 107,830 11.61% $18.66 $20.12 $41,850 0.6 %
47-2081 Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers 90 0.01% $14.27 $16.34 $33,990 7.0 %
47-2111 Electricians 7,230 0.78% $22.89 $23.75 $49,400 2.6 %
47-2131 Insulation Workers, Floor, Ceiling, and Wall (8) (8) $17.15 $17.14 $35,650 4.2 %
47-2132 Insulation Workers, Mechanical 1,370 0.15% $15.85 $16.91 $35,180 3.2 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 4,430 0.48% $14.35 $15.55 $32,350 2.3 %
47-2151 Pipelayers 25,550 2.75% $13.33 $15.25 $31,710 1.2 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 15,860 1.71% $19.73 $20.84 $43,350 1.9 %
47-2161 Plasterers and Stucco Masons 120 0.01% $14.02 $13.79 $28,670 7.4 %
47-2171 Reinforcing Iron and Rebar Workers 3,870 0.42% $13.62 $16.81 $34,970 6.0 %
47-2181 Roofers (8) (8) $8.51 $10.47 $21,780 18.1 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 210 0.02% $21.05 $22.15 $46,070 9.3 %
47-2221 Structural Iron and Steel Workers 6,660 0.72% $20.42 $21.86 $45,460 3.4 %
47-3011 Helpers--Brickmasons, Blockmasons, Stonemasons, and Tile and Marble Setters (8) (8) $11.18 $11.58 $24,090 5.3 %
47-3012 Helpers--Carpenters 2,540 0.27% $10.73 $11.38 $23,670 1.5 %
47-3013 Helpers--Electricians 660 0.07% $11.95 $12.32 $25,630 3.1 %
47-3014 Helpers--Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons 490 0.05% $11.79 $12.32 $25,620 4.5 %
47-3015 Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 6,480 0.70% $10.76 $11.75 $24,440 1.4 %
47-3019 Helpers, Construction Trades, All Other 2,340 0.25% $10.79 $12.25 $25,490 4.0 %
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors 970 0.10% $23.61 $23.54 $48,960 2.7 %
47-4031 Fence Erectors 650 0.07% $10.25 $10.73 $22,320 5.2 %
47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 210 0.02% $22.06 $20.01 $41,630 5.6 %
47-4051 Highway Maintenance Workers 3,120 0.34% $14.18 $16.05 $33,380 4.5 %
47-4061 Rail-Track Laying and Maintenance Equipment Operators 890 0.10% $13.43 $15.60 $32,450 5.8 %
47-4071 Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners (8) (8) $20.47 $19.57 $40,700 7.8 %
47-4091 Segmental Pavers 100 0.01% $14.30 $14.90 $31,000 4.5 %
47-4099 Construction and Related Workers, All Other 2,390 0.26% $13.76 $15.47 $32,180 4.3 %
47-5012 Rotary Drill Operators, Oil and Gas 160 0.02% $16.43 $17.26 $35,910 4.6 %
47-5013 Service Unit Operators, Oil, Gas, and Mining 130 0.01% $17.29 $17.74 $36,910 9.8 %
47-5021 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas 8,570 0.92% $15.97 $17.32 $36,040 2.2 %
47-5051 Rock Splitters, Quarry (8) (8) $11.44 $11.22 $23,340 5.9 %
47-5071 Roustabouts, Oil and Gas (8) (8) $10.37 $10.84 $22,550 4.1 %
47-5081 Helpers--Extraction Workers 4,220 0.45% $10.94 $11.73 $24,390 2.3 %
47-5099 Extraction Workers, All Other 460 0.05% $14.24 $15.05 $31,310 10.0 %
&nbsp
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 86,850 9.35% $16.95 $18.10 $37,650 0.7 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 7,780 0.84% $24.00 $25.13 $52,260 0.9 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers (8) (8) $10.40 $11.57 $24,070 4.7 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 1,200 0.13% $18.79 $19.31 $40,170 5.6 %
49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers 40 (7) $15.62 $16.86 $35,070 8.0 %
49-2093 Electrical and Electronics Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment (8) (8) $19.59 $19.30 $40,140 3.0 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 300 0.03% $18.59 $19.74 $41,060 4.4 %
49-2095 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Powerhouse, Substation, and Relay 270 0.03% $24.88 $23.12 $48,090 4.5 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 1,510 0.16% $16.41 $17.53 $36,470 2.1 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 4,310 0.46% $16.65 $17.35 $36,090 0.9 %
49-3041 Farm Equipment Mechanics 410 0.04% $12.14 $12.52 $26,040 4.9 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 11,660 1.26% $18.41 $19.03 $39,590 0.7 %
49-3043 Rail Car Repairers (8) (8) $20.69 $19.06 $39,650 3.8 %
49-3053 Outdoor Power Equipment and Other Small Engine Mechanics (8) (8) $14.32 $14.52 $30,200 5.8 %
49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door 1,480 0.16% $16.67 $18.73 $38,960 3.1 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 170 0.02% $15.63 $15.67 $32,580 5.4 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 2,010 0.22% $18.21 $17.71 $36,840 2.3 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 11,150 1.20% $15.22 $16.13 $33,550 1.0 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 690 0.07% $14.94 $16.17 $33,620 4.5 %
49-9044 Millwrights 1,660 0.18% $20.03 $20.53 $42,690 2.4 %
49-9045 Refractory Materials Repairers, Except Brickmasons 50 0.01% $18.60 $18.85 $39,210 5.2 %
49-9051 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 19,100 2.06% $18.88 $19.73 $41,040 1.7 %
49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers 14,970 1.61% $14.55 $15.53 $32,290 1.2 %
49-9069 Precision Instrument and Equipment Repairers, All Other 30 (7) $19.67 $19.52 $40,600 4.8 %
49-9092 Commercial Divers 640 0.07% $17.20 $19.15 $39,830 4.4 %
49-9096 Riggers 330 0.04% $16.93 $17.81 $37,040 3.6 %
49-9098 Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 4,490 0.48% $10.92 $11.72 $24,370 1.6 %
49-9099 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other 2,030 0.22% $13.65 $14.45 $30,060 3.2 %
&nbsp
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 13,450 1.45% $16.37 $17.18 $35,740 1.2 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 790 0.09% $21.68 $23.70 $49,290 2.8 %
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters (8) (8) $16.75 $18.81 $39,120 4.3 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers (8) (8) $10.53 $11.39 $23,690 14.5 %
51-2099 Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other 70 0.01% $10.74 $12.15 $25,270 10.9 %
51-4023 Rolling Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 60 0.01% $11.51 $12.15 $25,270 6.5 %
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (8) (8) $14.34 $14.44 $30,030 6.3 %
51-4032 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 50 0.01% $16.42 $17.82 $37,070 5.5 %
51-4034 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 40 (7) $13.71 $15.99 $33,260 18.1 %
51-4041 Machinists 130 0.01% $16.93 $18.00 $37,440 4.2 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 7,670 0.83% $17.15 $17.78 $36,970 1.4 %
51-4122 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (8) (8) $16.50 $17.68 $36,770 7.4 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators (8) (8) $25.38 $23.79 $49,480 6.4 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 160 0.02% $19.18 $19.34 $40,230 2.4 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 170 0.02% $13.47 $14.38 $29,900 5.3 %
51-8099 Plant and System Operators, All Other 520 0.06% (8) (8) (8) (8)
51-9021 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 450 0.05% $16.71 $17.35 $36,090 2.5 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 330 0.04% $12.52 $12.97 $26,980 3.2 %
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 60 0.01% $10.56 $11.77 $24,480 4.3 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 620 0.07% $14.09 $15.36 $31,940 2.4 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 130 0.01% $11.97 $13.22 $27,490 14.0 %
51-9198 Helpers--Production Workers 740 0.08% $11.17 $11.87 $24,700 4.8 %
51-9199 Production Workers, All Other 380 0.04% $10.59 $12.07 $25,100 4.3 %
&nbsp
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 77,800 8.38% $14.47 $15.86 $32,990 0.6 %
53-1011 Aircraft Cargo Handling Supervisors (8) (8) $19.00 $19.49 $40,540 10.1 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 610 0.07% $20.61 $20.99 $43,660 2.6 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 2,550 0.27% $22.54 $23.61 $49,110 2.0 %
53-2012 Commercial Pilots 60 0.01% (4) (4) $55,750 4.4 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 30 (7) $14.61 $13.86 $28,840 6.7 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 39,970 4.31% $14.87 $16.08 $33,450 0.8 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light or Delivery Services 3,950 0.43% $13.20 $14.02 $29,160 1.5 %
53-3099 Motor Vehicle Operators, All Other 110 0.01% $13.37 $13.74 $28,590 5.6 %
53-5011 Sailors and Marine Oilers (8) (8) $13.27 $14.40 $29,960 5.9 %
53-5021 Captains, Mates, and Pilots of Water Vessels 350 0.04% $23.39 $23.89 $49,690 5.1 %
53-5022 Motorboat Operators (8) (8) $12.95 $13.88 $28,860 10.8 %
53-6099 Transportation Workers, All Other 60 0.01% $9.94 $11.74 $24,420 10.2 %
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators 2,930 0.32% $18.68 $19.18 $39,900 1.9 %
53-7031 Dredge Operators 390 0.04% $14.36 $17.17 $35,710 6.9 %
53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators 12,870 1.39% $14.86 $16.20 $33,690 1.4 %
53-7041 Hoist and Winch Operators 110 0.01% $17.97 $19.62 $40,800 6.3 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 2,780 0.30% $13.65 $15.01 $31,220 3.1 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 90 0.01% (8) (8) (8) (8)
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 9,440 1.02% $10.65 $11.75 $24,430 1.8 %
53-7072 Pump Operators, Except Wellhead Pumpers 70 0.01% $16.61 $17.22 $35,820 9.4 %
53-7081 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 40 (7) $10.15 $10.15 $21,120 7.6 %
53-7121 Tank Car, Truck, and Ship Loaders 330 0.04% (8) (8) (8) (8)
53-7199 Material Moving Workers, All Other 210 0.02% $15.39 $15.35 $31,920 4.9 %

About November 2004 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(8) Estimates not released.

(9) Wage data for this occupation were removed because of reporting errors.




Other OES estimates and related information:

November 2004 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

November 2004 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

November 2004 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

November 2004 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download November 2004 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: November 10, 2008

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